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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169226/cytological-endometritis-in-dairy-cows-diagnostic-threshold-risk-factors-and-impact-on-reproductive-performance
#1
Soo Chan Lee, Jae Kwan Jeong, In Soo Choi, Hyun Gu Kang, Young Hun Jung, Soo Bong Park, Ill Hwa Kim
We determined the threshold proportion of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) for the diagnosis of cytological endometritis (CEM), the risk factors for this condition, and its impact on reproductive performance in dairy cows. Uterine cytology was performed on 407 Holstein cows 4 weeks postpartum to determine the proportions of endometrial cells and PMNs. A receiver operator characteristics curve was used to determine the threshold above which the PMN proportion affected the likelihood of cows conceiving by 200 days postpartum...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169145/early-results-on-canine-fetal-kidney-development-ultrasonographic-evaluation-and-value-in-prediction-of-delivery-time
#2
Elaine Mayumi Ueno Gil, Daniela Aparecida Ayres Garcia, Amália Turner Giannico, Tilde Rodrigues Froes
To date there have been no studies that describe the ultrasonographic evaluation of kidney development in canine fetuses. The aim of this prospective and longitudinal study was to monitor fetal kidney development with ultrasound and use fetal kidney measurements as a complementary biometric index for estimation of gestational age. Ultrasonographic examinations were performed on 15 clinically healthy pregnant bitches every four days from 30(th) day of pregnancy, until visualization of the fetal renal pelvis was no longer possible...
November 16, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168999/investigating-the-perceived-benefits-barriers-and-beliefs-towards-physical-activity-in-pregnancy-among-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#3
C Hurst, C Flannery, M Byrne, P M Kearney, F Dunne, M O'Riordan, J C Walsh
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is a growing concern and poses serious health risks to both mother and child1. The current study explores the psychological determinants of exercise behaviour in a sample of pregnant women with GDM. A cross-sectional survey design was employed to examine exercise behaviour, illness perceptions, perceived barriers and benefits, exercise beliefs, and exercise self-efficacy using validated questionnaires. A sample of 46 pregnant women was recruited from University College Hospital Galway, Letterkenny General Hospital, Cork University Hospital and Mayo General Hospital in Castlebar...
August 12, 2017: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168964/using-theory-of-planned-behavior-for-prediction-of-delivery-mode-among-pregnant-women-a-theory-based-cross-sectional-research
#4
Mohtasham Ghaffari, Atefeh Afshari, Sakineh Rakhshanderou, Bahram Armoon
Background Nowadays, in Iran cesarean rates have increased from the recommended level of the World Health Organization (WHO). Objectives The objective of the present study was to determine which theory of planned behavior (TPB) constructs predict intentions and delivery mode among pregnant women. Methods One hundred and four pregnant nulliparous women in their third trimesters of pregnancy referred to Semirom health care centers were investigated based on census reports. The data were collected by valid and reliable questionnaire based on the TPB constructs and analyzed by SPSS16...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168959/effect-of-a-brief-training-program-for-primigravid-adolescents-on-parenting-self-efficacy-and-mother-infant-bonding-in-the-southeast-of-iran
#5
Zahra Moudi, Behjat Talebi, Mahnaz Shahraki Pour
Background Annually, about 16 million adolescent girls give birth, accounting for 11% of all births worldwide. Ninety-five percent of these births occur in low- and middle-income countries, and previous studies have addressed the need for parenting interventions in developing countries with limited health care resources to improve parenting behaviors. Objective To explore the effect of a brief training program for primigravid adolescents on parenting self-efficacy and mother-infant bonding. Subjects We enrolled 116 married pregnant adolescents...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168736/association-between-vitamin-intake-during-pregnancy-and-risk-of-small-for-gestational-age
#6
Inmaculada Salcedo-Bellido, Juan Miguel Martínez-Galiano, Rocío Olmedo-Requena, Juan Mozas-Moreno, Aurora Bueno-Cavanillas, Jose J Jimenez-Moleon, Miguel Delgado-Rodríguez
Pregnancy increases the requirements of certain nutrients, such as vitamins, to provide nutrition for the newborn. The aim was to analyze the association between dietary intake of vitamins during pregnancy and risk of having a small for gestational age (SGA) newborn. A matched case-control study was conducted (518 cases and 518 controls of pregnant women) in Spain. Dietary vitamin intake during pregnancy was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire, categorized into quintiles. Odds ratios (ORs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated with conditional regression logistic models...
November 23, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168589/time-to-delivery-transfers-for-threatened-preterm-labour-and-prelabour-rupture-of-membranes-in-western-australia
#7
Jade Hollingworth, Rachel Pietsch, Mathias Epee-Bekima, Elizabeth Nathan
OBJECTIVE: To describe the outcomes of patients transferred to King Edward Memorial Hospital (KEMH) with signs of labour at preterm gestations. DESIGN: A retrospective observational study of the 69 cases transferred to KEMH during 2015. SETTING: Patient transfers from all locations across Western Australia (WA) to the sole tertiary perinatal centre in Perth. PARTICIPANTS: Pregnant women within WA with threatened or actual preterm labour (PTL) or preterm prelabour rupture of membranes (PPROM) between 23 and 32 weeks gestation...
November 23, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168557/probiotics-for-vulvovaginal-candidiasis-in-non-pregnant-women
#8
REVIEW
Huan Yu Xie, Dan Feng, Dong Mei Wei, Ling Mei, Hui Chen, Xun Wang, Fang Fang
BACKGROUND: Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is estimated to be the second most common form of infection after bacterial vaginosis. The ability of probiotics in maintaining and recovering the normal vaginal microbiota, and their potential ability to resist Candidas give rise to the concept of using probiotics for the treatment of VVC. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of probiotics for the treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis in non-pregnant women...
November 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168253/genomewide-association-study-of-hla-alloimmunization-in-previously-pregnant-blood-donors
#9
Mark Seielstad, Grier P Page, Nathan Gaddis, Marion Lanteri, Tzong-Hae Lee, Ram Kakaiya, Lisa F Barcellos, Lindsey A Criswell, Darrell Triulzi, Philip J Norris, Michael P Busch
BACKGROUND: Alloimmunization through blood transfusion, transplantation, or circulating fetal cells during pregnancy is a significant concern. Some exposed individuals make alloantibodies while others do not, implying variation in genetic risk factors. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a genomewide association study (GWAS) of 9,427,497 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) to identify genetic variants for HLA alloimmunization in previously pregnant blood donors with (n = 752) and without (n = 753) HLA Class I or II alloantibodies...
November 22, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168163/a-pilot-quality-improvement-collaborative-to-improve-safety-net-dental-access-for-pregnant-women-and-young-children
#10
Emily B Vander Schaaf, Rocio B Quinonez, Amanda C Cornett, Greg D Randolph, Kim Boggess, Kori B Flower
Objectives To determine acceptability and feasibility of a quality improvement (QI) collaborative in safety net dental practices, and evaluate its effects on financial stability, access, efficiency, and care for pregnant women and young children. Methods Five safety net dental practices participated in a 15-month learning collaborative utilizing business assessments, QI training, early childhood oral health training, and prenatal oral health training. Practices collected monthly data on: net revenue, no-show rates, total encounters, and number of encounters for young children and pregnant women...
November 22, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167839/early-life-exposure-to-indoor-air-pollution-or-tobacco-smoke-and-lower-respiratory-tract-illness-and-wheezing-in-african-infants-a-longitudinal-birth-cohort-study
#11
Aneesa Vanker, Whitney Barnett, Lesley Workman, Polite M Nduru, Peter D Sly, Robert P Gie, Heather J Zar
Background: Indoor air pollution (IAP) and environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) are associated with lower respiratory tract illness (LRTI) or wheezing in children. However, the effect of the timing of these exposures, specifically antenatal versus postnatal, and of alternate fuel sources such as the increasingly used volatile organic compounds have not been well studied. We longitudinally investigated the effect of antenatal or postnatal IAP and ETS on LRTI or wheezing prevalence and severity in African infants...
November 2017: The Lancet. Planetary health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167348/pregnancy-is-detected-via-odour-in-a-wild-cooperative-breeder
#12
J Mitchell, M A Cant, H J Nichols
Among mammals, scent has long been known to encode oestrus; however, in many species, detecting pregnancy may also be important in terms of both competition and mate-choice. Here, we show, through odour presentation experiments, that pregnancy is discernible via scent by both sexes in the cooperatively breeding banded mongoose, Mungos mungo Males spent more time investigating and were more likely to scent mark the odours of non-pregnant females, compared to pregnant females. Females showed increased levels of scent marking when odours were of the same reproductive state as themselves...
November 2017: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167041/efficacy-of-an-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-stress-management-training-in-women-with-idiopathic-preterm-labor-a-randomized-controlled-intervention-study
#13
Corinne Urech, Sandra Scherer, Martina Emmenegger, Jens Gaab, Sibil Tschudin, Irène Hoesli, Thomas Berger, Judith Alder
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial aimed at evaluating the efficacy of an internet-based cognitive behavioral stress management program (IB-CBSM) for pregnant women with preterm labor (PTL) on birth outcome and stress-related psychological and biological parameters. METHODS: 93 pregnant women with PTL (gestational age 18-32) were assigned to either the IB-CBSM (n=50) or a control group (CG) based on distraction (n=43). Participants in both groups worked through six weekly modules...
December 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166957/dha-supplementation-during-pregnancy-as-phospholipids-or-tag-produces-different-placental-uptake-but-similar-fetal-brain-accretion-in-neonatal-piglets
#14
Antonio Gázquez, María Ruíz-Palacios, Elvira Larqué
The great variety of n-3 long-chain PUFA sources raises the question of the most adequate for using as a DHA supplement during pregnancy. Placental and fetal availability of different DHA sources remains unclear. We investigated DHA availability in maternal lipoproteins, placenta and fetal tissues in pregnant sows fed DHA as phospholipid (PL) or TAG to identify the best DHA source during this period. Pregnant Iberian sows were fed diets containing 0·8 % DHA of total fatty acids as PL from egg yolk or TAG from algae oil during the last third of gestation (40 d)...
November 23, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166928/effects-of-long-term-weekly-iron-and-folic-acid-supplementation-on-lower-genital-tract-infection-a-double-blind-randomised-controlled-trial-in-burkina-faso
#15
Loretta Brabin, Stephen A Roberts, Sabine Gies, Andrew Nelson, Salou Diallo, Christopher J Stewart, Adama Kazienga, Julia Birtles, Sayouba Ouedraogo, Yves Claeys, Halidou Tinto, Umberto d'Alessandro, E Brian Faragher, Bernard Brabin
BACKGROUND: Provision of routine iron supplements to prevent anaemia could increase the risk for lower genital tract infections as virulence of some pathogens depends on iron availability. This trial in Burkina Faso assessed whether weekly periconceptional iron supplementation increased the risk of lower genital tract infection in young non-pregnant and pregnant women. METHODS: Genital tract infections were assessed within a double blind, controlled, non-inferiority trial of malaria risk among nulliparous women, randomised to receive either iron and folic acid or folic acid alone, weekly, under direct observation for 18 months...
November 23, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166874/efficacy-and-safety-of-pertussis-vaccination-for-pregnant-women-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials-and-observational-studies
#16
Marie Furuta, Jacqueline Sin, Edmond S W Ng, Kay Wang
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, pertussis remains a major health problem among children. During the recent outbreaks of pertussis, maternal antenatal immunisation was introduced in several industrial countries. This systematic review aimed to synthesize evidence for the efficacy and safety of the pertussis vaccination that was given to pregnant women to protect infants from pertussis infection. METHODS: We searched literature in the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Medline, Embase, and OpenGrey between inception of the various databases and 16 May 2016...
November 22, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166819/pregnancy-outcomes-among-women-with-asthma
#17
Haitham Baghlaf, Andrea R Spence, Nicholas Czuzoj-Shulman, Haim Arie Abenhaim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to examine the association between maternal asthma and pregnancy, delivery and neonatal outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We carried out a retrospective cohort study using the Health Care Cost and Utilization Project-Nationwide Inpatient Sample (HCUP-NIS) database from 2003 to 2011. Among women who delivered during this time period, we compared pregnancy, delivery, and neonatal outcomes in asthmatics versus non-asthmatics. Multivariate logistic regression was used to estimate adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166804/adolescence-and-risk-of-preterm-birth-in-multifetal-gestations
#18
Layan Alrahmani, Zaid M Abdelsattar, Henry Adekola, Bernard Gonik, Awoniyi Awonuga
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate if adolescence confers additional risk for preterm delivery in multifetal gestations. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of all twin and triplet deliveries from 8/2008 to 12/2012 at two Detroit Hospitals. Outcomes in adolescent mothers aged 19 or younger (n = 59) were compared with adult controls aged 20-34 (n = 350). RESULTS: Mean gestational age at delivery in adolescents was 31...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166489/prevalence-of-syphilis-and-hiv-infection-during-pregnancy-in-incarcerated-women-and-the-incidence-of-congenital-syphilis-in-births-in-prison-in-brazil
#19
Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Maria do Carmo Leal, Ana Paula Esteves Pereira, Barbara Ayres, Alexandra Roma Sánchez, Bernard Larouzé
This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of syphilis and HIV infection during pregnancy, the mother to child transmission of syphilis and the incidence of congenital syphilis in incarcerated women in Brazil; to compare these rates to those observed in pregnant women outside of jail; and to verify the maternal factors associated with syphilis infection during pregnancy in free and incarcerated women. We used data from two nationwide studies conducted during the period 2011-2014. The Birth in Brazil study included 23,894 free women cared for in 266 hospitals...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166394/maternity-care-for-trafficked-women-survivor-experiences-and-clinicians-perspectives-in-the-united-kingdom-s-national-health-service
#20
Debra Bick, Louise M Howard, Sian Oram, Cathy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Although trafficked women and adolescents are at risk of unprotected or forced sex, there is little research on maternity care among trafficking survivors. We explored health care needs, service use and challenges among women who became pregnant while in the trafficking situation in the United Kingdom (UK) and clinicians' perspectives of maternity care for trafficked persons. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey and qualitative interviews with trafficking survivors recruited from statutory and voluntary sector organisations in England and qualitative interviews with maternity clinicians and family doctors undertaken to offer further insight into experiences reported by these women...
2017: PloS One
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