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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342272/daily-decision-making-about-food-during-pregnancy-a-new-zealand-study
#1
Susan Pullon, Angela Ballantyne, Lindsay Macdonald, Christine Barthow, Kristin Wickens, Julian Crane
Pregnancy has always been a life-changing event for women and their families, but societal concern about pregnancy and motherhood has become intense in the digital age. The role of health promotion agencies and others supplying health-related resources about lifestyle behaviours is both important and in need of scrutiny. Ever increasing advice for pregnant women, their families and health professionals, abounds. This study of decision making during pregnancy investigated how women made everyday decisions during pregnancy about food and drink, as well as dietary supplements and medications, alcohol and recreational drugs...
January 12, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342261/prevalence-of-smoking-during-pregnancy-and-associated-risk-factors-a-cross-sectional-study-in-northern-greece
#2
Ioannis Tsakiridis, Apostolos Mamopoulos, Georgios Papazisis, Stamatios Petousis, Athanasia Liozidou, Apostolos Athanasiadis, Themistoklis Dagklis
Background: Many pregnant women smoke despite the extensive data available on the detrimental perinatal outcomes. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of smoking during pregnancy and to identify the factors associated with smoking among pregnant women in Northern Greece. Methods: A sample of pregnant women (mean gestational age: 12.6 weeks) participated in a cross-sectional study assessing the prevalence of smoking. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to examine the factors associated with their smoking behavior...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342180/increased-prevalence-of-pregnancy-and-comparative-risk-of-program-attrition-among-individuals-starting-hiv-treatment-in-east-africa
#3
Charles B Holmes, Constantin T Yiannoutsos, Batya Elul, Elizabeth Bukusi, John Ssali, Andrew Kambugu, Beverly S Musick, Craig Cohen, Carolyn Williams, Lameck Diero, Nancy Padian, Kara K Wools-Kaloustian
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization now recommends initiating all pregnant women on life-long antiretroviral therapy (ART), yet there is limited information about the characteristics and program outcomes of pregnant women already on ART in Africa. Our hypothesis was that pregnant women comprised an increasing proportion of those starting ART, and that sub-groups of these women were at higher risk for program attrition. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We used the International Epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS- East Africa (IeDEA-EA) to conduct a retrospective cohort study including HIV care and treatment programs in Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342163/doxylamine-pyridoxine-for-nausea-and-vomiting-of-pregnancy-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-prespecified-analyses-and-reanalysis
#4
Navindra Persaud, Christopher Meaney, Khaled El-Emam, Rahim Moineddin, Kevin Thorpe
BACKGROUND: Doxylamine-pyridoxine is recommended as a first line treatment for nausea and vomiting during pregnancy and it is commonly prescribed. We re-analysed the findings of a previously reported superiority trial of doxylamine-pyridoxine for the treatment of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy using the clinical study report obtained from Health Canada. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We re-analysed individual level data for a parallel arm randomized controlled trial that was conducted in six outpatient obstetrical practices in the United States...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342090/development-of-databases-on-iodine-in-foods-and-dietary-supplements
#5
REVIEW
Abby G Ershow, Sheila A Skeaff, Joyce M Merkel, Pamela R Pehrsson
Iodine is an essential micronutrient required for normal growth and neurodevelopment; thus, an adequate intake of iodine is particularly important for pregnant and lactating women, and throughout childhood. Low levels of iodine in the soil and groundwater are common in many parts of the world, often leading to diets that are low in iodine. Widespread salt iodization has eradicated severe iodine deficiency, but mild-to-moderate deficiency is still prevalent even in many developed countries. To understand patterns of iodine intake and to develop strategies for improving intake, it is important to characterize all sources of dietary iodine, and national databases on the iodine content of major dietary contributors (including foods, beverages, water, salts, and supplements) provide a key information resource...
January 17, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341895/prenatal-paracetamol-exposure-and-child-neurodevelopment-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Ann Z Bauer, David Kriebel, Martha R Herbert, Carl-Gustaf Bornehag, Shanna H Swan
BACKGROUND: The non-prescription medication paracetamol (acetaminophen, APAP) is currently recommended as a safe pain and fever treatment during pregnancy. However, recent studies suggest a possible association between APAP use in pregnancy and offspring neurodevelopment. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a review of publications reporting associations between prenatal APAP use and offspring neurodevelopmental outcomes. METHODS: Relevant sources were identified through a key word search of multiple databases (Medline, CINAHL, OVID and TOXNET) in September 2016...
January 13, 2018: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341890/periodontal-diseases-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-is-there-a-role-for-vitamin-d
#7
REVIEW
Anne Marie Uwitonze, Peace Uwambaye, Moses Isyagi, Chrispinus H Mumena, Alice Hudder, Afrozul Haq, Kamrun Nessa, Mohammed S Razzaque
Studies have shown a relationship between maternal periodontal diseases (PDs) and premature delivery. PDs are commonly encountered oral diseases which cause progressive damage to the periodontal ligament and alveolar bones, leading to loss of teeth and oral disabilities. PDs also adversely affect general health by worsening cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Moreover, maternal PDs are thought to be related to increasing the frequency of preterm-birth with low birth weight (PBLBW) new-borns. Prematurity and immaturity are the leading causes of prenatal and infant mortality and is a major public health problem around the world...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341830/pregnancy-related-hormones-progesterone-and-human-chorionic-gonadotrophin-upregulate-expression-of-maternal-plasma-gelsolin
#8
Renu Garg, Nagesh Peddada, Kunzes Dolma, Neeraj Khatri, Ashish Ashish
Plasma gelsolin (pGSN), a protein primarily involved in clearance of circulating actin filaments, is an upcoming novel biomarker. Its level changes in multiple disease and injury conditions, attributable mainly to its consumption during actin clearance, the endogenous regulation of its expression, however, remains elusive as well as unexplored. Here, we are reporting first isolation of the promoter region of pGSN gene and investigation of its transcriptional regulation during pregnancy (a natural process associated with a well programmed injury course of parturition)...
January 17, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341106/the-effect-of-surgery-on-subsequent-pregnancy-outcomes-among-patients-with-cesarean-scar-diverticulum
#9
Xian-Ying Cheng, Li Cheng, Wen-Juan Li, Ling-Hua Qian, Yong-Qin Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether surgical treatment of cesarean scar diverticulum (CSD) reduced adverse outcomes during the subsequent pregnancy. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was conducted using the medical records of pregnant women with CSD who attended a single hospital in Hangzhou, China, between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2016. Baseline characteristics and pregnancy outcomes were compared between the surgery group and the no surgery group...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340802/longitudinal-trajectories-of-antidepressant-use-in-pregnancy-and-the-postnatal-period
#10
Gretchen Bandoli, Grace M Kuo, Renu Sugathan, Christina D Chambers, Matthieu Rolland, Kristin Palmsten
Studies of antidepressant safety in pregnancy typically do not address complex patterns of use throughout pregnancy. We performed longitudinal trajectory modeling to describe patterns of antidepressant use in the first 32 weeks of pregnancy, and test whether these trajectories are associated with a reduction in birth weight or gestational age at delivery. Our study included 166 pregnant women with deliveries between 2011 and 2015 who were prescribed an antidepressant between 91 days prior to last menstrual period and 32 weeks of gestation...
January 16, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340704/delayed-conception-in-women-with-low-urinary-iodine-concentrations-a-population-based-prospective-cohort-study
#11
J L Mills, G M Buck Louis, K Kannan, J Weck, Y Wan, J Maisog, A Giannakou, Q Wu, R Sundaram
STUDY QUESTION: Is iodine deficiency associated with decreased fecundability? SUMMARY ANSWER: Moderate to severe iodine deficiency is associated with a 46% decrease in fecundability. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Iodine deficiency is common in women of childbearing age but its effect on fecundability has not been investigated. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: The LIFE Study, a population-based prospective cohort study, enrolled 501 women who had discontinued contraception within 2 months to become pregnant between 2005 and 2009...
January 11, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340127/restarting-thalidomide-dexamethasone-regimen-in-a-post-abortive-female-with-multiple-myeloma-effective-clinical-response-possible
#12
Suhailur Rehman, S H Arif, Amit Kumar, A Q Khan
Nowadays, the prevalence of Multiple Myeloma (MM) seems to have been increasing among young females. Here, we report that thalidomide is contraindicated in pregnant women diagnosed with MM and those desirous of subsequent pregnancy. In this case report, we compared the clinical response of Thalidomide-Dexamethasone therapy in a post-abortive woman with persistently elevated β-hCG levels due to retained products of conception, undergoing hysterectomy later. This case report underlines the clinical significance of age, the effect of Thalidomide-Dexamethasone therapy even after initial discontinuation and the response to high β-hCG levels...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Hematology-oncology and Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339829/associations-of-the-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-dash-diet-with-pregnancy-complications-in-project-viva
#13
Aarohee P Fulay, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Emily Oken, Wei Perng
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet has been shown to improve cardiometabolic outcomes in non-pregnant populations. Little is known regarding the impact of this diet on health during pregnancy. The objective of this research is to examine associations of adherence to the DASH diet with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) and other pregnancy outcomes. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We conducted analyses with data that came from 1760 women in Project Viva, a Boston-area longitudinal cohort recruited in early pregnancy 1999-2002...
January 17, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339690/the-rationale-and-design-of-the-national-peripartum-cardiomyopathy-registries-in-turkey-the-artemis-i-and-artemis-ii-studies
#14
Meral Kayıkçıoğlu, Lale Tokgözoğlu, Ferit Onur Mutluer, Dilek Ural, Murat Biteker
OBJECTIVE: Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction with an ejection fraction of ≤45% occurring in the later stages of pregnancy or soon after delivery. Although various risk factors have been identified, the exact cause of the disease is unknown. Unlike most countries in the European region, Turkey has yet to determine the current PPCM burden. A registry for this purpose does not exist. To close this gap, the A RegisTry of pEripartuM cardIomyopathy in Turkish patientS (ARTEMIS-I and ARTEMIS-II), was planned and endorsed by the Turkish Society of Cardiology...
January 2018: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339451/inhibition-of-5%C3%AE-reductase-alters-pregnane-metabolism-in-the-late-pregnant-mare
#15
Michelle Wynn, Barry A Ball, Erin Lea Legacki, Alan Conley, Shavahn Loux, John May, Alejandro Esteller-Vico, Scott D Stanley, Kirsten Scoggin, Edward L Squires, Mats Ht Troedsson
In the latter half of gestation in the mare, progesterone concentrations decline to near undetectable levels while other 5α-reduced pregnanes are elevated. Of these, 5α-dihydroprogesterone and allopregnanolone have been reported to have important roles in either pregnancy maintenance or fetal quiescence. During this time, the placenta is necessary for pregnane metabolism, with the enzyme 5α-reductase being required for the conversion of progesterone to 5α-dihydroprogesterone. The objectives of this study were to assess the effects of a 5α-reductase inhibitor, dutasteride, on pregnane metabolism (pregnenolone, progesterone, 5α-dihydroprogesterone, 20α-hydroxy-5α-pregnan-3-one, 5α-pregnane-3β,20α-diol, and allopregnanolone), to determine circulating dutasteride concentrations, and to assess effects of dutasteride treatment on gestational parameters...
January 16, 2018: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338992/subsequent-fertility-pregnancy-and-gynecologic-outcomes-after-fetoscopic-laser-therapy-for-twin-twin-transfusion-syndrome-compared-to-normal-monochorionic-twin-gestations
#16
Simen Vergote, Liesbeth Lewi, Willem Gheysen, Luc de Catte, Roland Devlieger, Jan Deprest
BACKGROUND: An improved survival and quality of life for neonatal survivors after fetoscopic laser therapy (FLC) for twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) has been reported. However, little is known about the medium-term maternal effects after FLC with respect to reproductive and gynecologic outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To document reproductive, obstetric, gynecologic and psychological outcomes in women who underwent FLC for TTTS. STUDY DESIGN: Monocentric controlled study on consecutive women who underwent FLC for TTTS between 2007 and 2013 at the University Hospitals Leuven (cases; n=198)...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338949/relation-between-cadmium-exposure-and-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Yuling Xing, Wei Xia, Bin Zhang, Aifen Zhou, Zheng Huang, Hongling Zhang, Hongxiu Liu, Yangqian Jiang, Chen Hu, Xiaomei Chen, Shunqing Xu, Yuanyuan Li
BACKGROUND: Cadmium (Cd) has been associated with type 2 diabetes in general population. However, the role of Cd in the occurrence of Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: Our study was aimed at investigating whether Cd exposure during pregnancy was associated with increased risk of GDM. METHODS: Cd concentrations were measured in urine samples from 6837 pregnant women in Wuhan, China, from 2012 to 2014. A "modified Poisson" model with a robust error variance was used to examine the association of GDM with continuous natural logarithm (ln) transformed urinary Cd or quartiles of urinary Cd levels...
January 12, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338897/asymptomatic-bacteriuria-and-urinary-tract-infection-in-pregnant-women-with-and-without-diabetes-cohort-study
#18
Caroline Schneeberger, Jan Jaap H M Erwich, Edwin R van den Heuvel, Ben W J Mol, Alewijn Ott, Suzanne E Geerlings
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) and the incidence of urinary tract infection (UTI) in pregnant women with and without diabetes mellitus (DM) or gestational DM (GDM). STUDY DESIGN: We performed a cohort study in five hospitals and two midwifery clinics in the Netherlands. Pregnant women with and without DM or GDM were screened for the presence of ASB around 12 and 32 weeks' gestation. Characteristics of participants as well as outcome data were collected from questionnaires and medical records...
December 7, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338886/overweight-and-obesity-status-in-pregnant-women-are-related-to-intestinal-microbiota-and-serum-metabolic-and-inflammatory-profiles
#19
Noora Houttu, Kati Mokkala, Kirsi Laitinen
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity may predispose women to clinical complications during their pregnancy. We hypothesize that a higher degree of overweight status is related to a range of aberrations in biomarkers already in early pregnancy. Our objective was to investigate whether intestinal microbiota, serum metabolic and inflammatory profiles differ in relation to the degree of overweight status in pregnant women. METHODS: This study investigated 52 overweight and 47 obese pregnant women in early pregnancy...
December 27, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338856/parental-health-status-and-infant-outcomes-upstate-kids-study
#20
Germaine M Buck Louis, Erin Bell, Yunlong Xie, Rajeshwari Sundaram, Edwina Yeung
OBJECTIVE: To assess parental health status inclusive of infertility and infant outcomes. DESIGN: Birth cohort with cross-sectional analysis of parental health status and infant outcomes. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): Parents (n = 4,886) and infants (n = 5,845) participating in the Upstate KIDS birth cohort. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Infertility was defined as [1] sexually active without contraception for 1+ years without pregnancy, [2] ever requiring ≥12 months to become pregnant, and [3] requiring ≥12 months for index pregnancy...
January 12, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
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