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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445711/the-short-term-behavioural-response-of-sows-but-not-gilts-to-a-social-stimulus-is-related-to-sow-aggressiveness-in-groups
#1
M Verdon, R S Morrison, M Rice, K L Butler, P H Hemsworth
This study examined relationships between the behavioural response of pregnant gilts (n=200, gestation 1) and sows (n=200, gestation 2) to a live, similarly-aged female pig (unfamiliar pig test, UPT) and to a fibre-glass model pig (model pig test, MPT), and aggressive behaviour on the day after mixing (day 2). Sows with a short latency to make contact with an unfamiliar sow in the UPT were more likely to deliver high levels of aggression at day 2 of gestation 2 (P=0.005), but this relationship was stronger when a model pig was used (P <0...
April 23, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445701/prevalence-antimicrobial-susceptibility-and-multiplex-pcr-serotyping-of-listeria-monocytogenes-isolated-from-humans-foods-and-livestock-in-iran
#2
Lida Lotfollahi, Ardalan Chaharbalesh, Mohammad AhangarzadehRezaee, Alka Hasani
Listeria monocytogenes is a foodborne pathogen causing listeriosis, which potentially affects all individuals, especially pregnant women and immunocompromised persons. The present study investigated the prevalence, antimicrobial susceptibility and serotypes distribution of the isolated L. monocytogenes from Iran. Twenty two (4.97%) of 442 human, food and livestock samples were found to be positive for L. monocytogenes. L. monocytogenes was identified in 8.8% of 125 human samples, 2.99% of 267 food and 6% of 50 livestock samples...
April 23, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445618/ficolin-3-adiponectin-ratio-for-the-prediction-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-pregnant-women
#3
Xiao-Song Yuan, Hui Shi, Hui-Yan Wang, Bin Yu, Jian Jiang
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: To establish that the ficolin-3/adiponectin ratio is a predictor for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and was eligible for screening tests for GDM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study of 86 pregnant women who developed GDM and 273 normal glucose tolerance (NGT) participants was performed. Maternal serum ficolin-3, adiponectin levels were investigated at 16-18 weeks gestation using ELISA. RESULTS: Compared to the NGT group, the GDM group showed significantly higher levels of ficolin-3 and the ratio of ficolin-3/adiponectin; and decreased levels of adiponectin between 16 to 18 weeks of gestation (P < 0...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445440/micronutrient-status-among-pregnant-women-in-zinder-niger-and-risk-factors-associated-with-deficiency
#4
K Ryan Wessells, Césaire T Ouédraogo, Rebecca R Young, M Thierno Faye, Alex Brito, Sonja Y Hess
Anemia and micronutrient (MN) deficiencies in pregnant women are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. In Niger, 58.6% of pregnant women are anemic; however, MN statuses are unknown. The study objectives were to estimate the prevalence of MN deficiencies among pregnant women in Zinder, Niger and explore associated risk factors. Pregnant women living in randomly selected rural villages (n = 88) were included. Capillary and venous blood samples (n = 770) were analyzed for hemoglobin (Hb) and plasma ferritin, soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR), zinc (pZn), retinol binding protein (RBP), folate and vitamin B12...
April 26, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445174/obstetric-anesthesia-for-a-pregnant-woman-with-brainstem-cavernous-malformations-a-case-report
#5
Misuzu Hayashi, Manabu Kakinohana
There are no well-defined guidelines for obstetric and anesthetic management of pregnant patients with cerebral cavernous malformations (CMs). We need to pay careful attention to the attendant risks of both general and neuraxial anesthesia in this population. Here, we describe the anesthetic management of a pregnant woman with brainstem CMs who underwent cesarean delivery. We selected a general anesthetic technique because of concerns of undesirable effects of neuraxial anesthesia in the presence of cerebral CMs...
April 25, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445127/mutation-of-the-sp1-binding-site-in-the-5-flanking-region-of-sry-causes-sex-reversal-in-rabbits
#6
Yuning Song, Tingjun Liu, Yong Wang, Jichao Deng, Mao Chen, Lin Yuan, Yi Lu, Yuxin Xu, Haobin Yao, Zhanjun Li, Liangxue Lai
Sex-determining region Y is a crucial gene that initiates male sex determination in mammals. Mutations of the Sp1-binding site in the 5' flanking region of SRY are associated with clinical male-to-female sex reversal syndrome, although such occurrences are rare and, until now, have not been reported in animal models. In this study, we mutated Sp1-binding sites in the 5' flanking region of the rabbit SRY gene using the CRISPR/Cas9 system. As expected, the SRY-Sp1 knockout rabbits had female external and internal genitalia and exhibited normal female copulatory behaviors, but they were infertile, and the adults displayed reduced follicles...
April 9, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444883/approaches-for-optimising-intravenous-iron-dosing-in-pregnancy-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
Luke E Grzeskowiak, Alaa Qassim, Bill Jeffries, Rosalie M Grivell
AIMS: To examine the relationship between dose of intravenous iron administered during pregnancy according to different maternal body weight measures and subsequent treatment response. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of pregnant women with confirmed iron deficiency anaemia who received intravenous iron polymaltose at a tertiary teaching hospital in Australia from January 1(st) , 2014 to January 31(st) , 2016. Diagnosis of anaemia and/or iron deficiency, infusion dosage characteristics, and haematological parameters were collected from paper-based case notes and electronic records...
April 26, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444819/antenatal-maternal-hepatitis-b-care-is-a-predictor-of-timely-perinatal-administration-of-hepatitis-b-immunoglobulin
#8
Suong Tt Le, Lukas Sahhar, Stephanie Spring, William Sievert, Anouk T Dev
BACKGROUND: Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of hepatitis B virus continues to occur despite universal recommendations for neonatal immune prophylaxis therapy (IPT) and infant vaccination. AIM: To characterise the risk factors for failure to provide timely IPT and completion of the infant hepatitis B vaccination schedule for children born to mothers with Chronic Hepatitis B (CHB). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study to assess compliance with universal guidelines for neonatal IPT for children born to CHB mothers at Monash Health, Australia from 2008 to 2013...
April 26, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444499/hair-trace-element-and-electrolyte-content-in-women-with-natural-and-in-vitro-fertilization-induced-pregnancy
#9
Anatoly V Skalny, Alexey A Tinkov, Irina Voronina, Olga Terekhina, Margarita G Skalnaya, Yulia Kovas
The objective of the present study was to perform comparative analysis of hair trace element content in women with natural and in vitro fertilization (IVF)-induced pregnancy. Hair trace element content in 33 women with IVF-induced pregnancy and 99 age- and body mass index-matched control pregnant women (natural pregnancy) was assessed using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The results demonstrated that IVF-pregnant women are characterized by significantly lower hair levels of Cu, Fe, Si, Zn, Ca, Mg, and Ba at p < 0...
April 25, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444353/early-identification-of-pregnant-women-at-risk-for-preeclampsia-uspstf-recommendations-on-screening-for-preeclampsia
#10
Martha Gulati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444300/reproductive-justice-a-policy-window-for-social-work-advocacy
#11
Brenda D Smith
Reproductive rights are at risk in many parts of the United States. To inspire social workers to act, this article begins by defining and describing the concepts of reproductive rights and reproductive justice. Next, it summarizes threats to reproductive rights in five areas: preventing pregnancy, terminating pregnancy, pregnancy loss, personhood measures, and drug use during pregnancy. Applying John Kingdon's policy streams framework, the article urges more social workers to embrace the current policy window and advocate for pregnant women and others whose reproductive rights are in jeopardy...
April 21, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444291/pasteurella-aerogenes-as-an-asymptomatic-bacteriuria-agent
#12
Demet Alaygut, Aynur Engin
'Asymptomatic bacteriuria' (ASB) is isolation of a specified quantitative count of bacteria in an appropriately collected urine specimen obtained from a person without symptoms or signs referable to urinary infection. Catheterized specimens are less likely to be contaminated compared with voided specimens; therefore, positive cultures of catheterized specimens are more likely to reflect true bladder bacteriuria even with low colony counts. The common pathogens for ASB are Escherichia coli, Klebsiella and Streptococcus spp...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444286/screening-for-preeclampsia-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#13
Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, David C Grossman, Susan J Curry, Michael J Barry, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Ann E Kurth, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, William R Phillips, Maureen G Phipps, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Preeclampsia affects approximately 4% of pregnancies in the United States. It is the second leading cause of maternal mortality worldwide and may lead to serious maternal complications, including stroke, eclampsia, and organ failure. Adverse perinatal outcomes for the fetus and newborn include intrauterine growth restriction, low birth weight, and stillbirth. Many of the complications associated with preeclampsia lead to early induction of labor or cesarean delivery and subsequent preterm birth...
April 25, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444157/risk-of-congenital-syphilis-following-treatment-of-maternal-syphilis-results-of-a-congenital-syphilis-control-program-in-china
#14
Fu-Chang Hong, Xiao-Bing Wu, Fan Yang, Li-Na Lan, Yang Guan, Chun-Lai Zhang, Tie-Jian Feng, Ying-Zhou Yang, Yue-Ping Yin, Wei-Ye Yu, Xiang-Sheng Chen
Background.: Early screening for syphilis among pregnant women and the effective treatment of maternal syphilis is fundamental to prevent congenital syphilis (CS). Methods.: We obtained data from the Shenzhen Program for Prevention of Congenital Syphilis (SPPCS) and estimated incidence rates of CS among infants born to syphilis-seropositive women treated with different regimens or untreated for maternal syphilis. Results.: 4746 matched cases of syphilis-seropositive mothers and their infants were included for analyses and 162 infants were diagnosed with CS, providing an overall incidence of 3...
April 21, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443593/value-of-post-transfer-day-12-beta-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-levels-for-pregnancy-outcome-prediction-of-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-cycles
#15
İnci Kahyaoğlu, Berfu Demir, Sezin Ertürk Aksakal, İskender Kaplanoğlu, Leyla Mollamahmutoğlu
BACKGROUND: Several markers were studied previously in order to predict the pregnancy outcome of assisted reproductive techniques, however serum beta human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) was found to be the most predictive marker. AIMS: The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the value of serum β-hCG levels in discriminating biochemical and clinical pregnancies 12 days after embryo transfer (ET) and to determine the factors predicting of ongoing pregnancy was established as the secondary aim...
April 13, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443579/determining-the-efficiency-of-different-preoperative-difficult-intubation-tests-on-patients-undergoing-caesarean-section
#16
İlker Yıldırım, Mehmet Turan İnal, Dilek Memiş, F Nesrin Turan
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy induced anatomical and physiological changes in the airway makes airway management difficult in obstetric patients, thus the preoperative evaluation of the airway is important for obstetric patients. AIMS: The first aim was determine the effectiveness of the modified mallampati test, the interincisor, sternomental, thyromental distances, the upper limb bite tests and the second aim was to access the effectiveness of the combination of the upper limb bite test with the other tests in obstetric patients...
April 13, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443275/integration-of-hiv-testing-into-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-weeks-for-improved-case-finding-and-linkage-to-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-services-in-benue-state-nigeria
#17
Olusoji Akinleye, Gideon Dura, Arjan de Wagt, Abiola Davies, Dick Chamla
BACKGROUND: In Nigeria, maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) weeks are campaign-like events designed to accelerate progress toward Millennium Development Goals. The authors examined whether integrating HIV testing into MNCH weeks was feasible and could lead to increased case finding and linkage to prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) services. METHODS: Pregnant women attending MNCH week during the first week of December 2014 in 13 local government areas in Benue State were provided with HIV tests and referrals to PMTCT services...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443254/perfluoroalkyl-substances-exposure-and-thyroid-hormones-in-humans-epidemiological-observations-and-implications
#18
REVIEW
Jung Eun Lee, Kyungho Choi
Thyroid hormones play crucial roles in normal neurodevelopment of fetus and child. Many chemicals can affect control and homeostasis of thyroid hormones, and eventually lead to various adverse health effects including neurodevelopmental disorders. Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are among the thyroid disrupting chemicals that can be encountered among general human population. Due to their unique physicochemical characteristics, PFASs have been used as surfactants and surface coating materials in many applications...
March 2017: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443094/serum-igg-antibodies-from-pregnant-women-reacting-to-mimotopes-of-simian-virus-40-large-t-antigen-the-viral-oncoprotein
#19
Elisa Mazzoni, Mariantonietta Di Stefano, Josè R Fiore, Federica Destro, Marco Manfrini, John Charles Rotondo, Maria V Casali, Fortunato Vesce, Pantaleo Greco, Gennaro Scutiero, Fernanda Martini, Mauro G Tognon
Simian virus 40 (SV40) large T antigen (LT) coding sequences were revealed in different human samples, whereas SV40 antibodies (Ab) were detected in human sera of cancer patients and healthy individuals, although with a lower prevalence. Previous studies carried out by the neutralization assay gave a SV40 seroprevalence, in the general population, up to 8%, although higher rates, 12%, were detected in kidney transplant children, in a group of HIV-positive patients, and in healthy females. In this study, serum samples from pregnant women, together with those from non-pregnant women, were analyzed to check the prevalence of IgG Ab reacting to SV40 LT antigens...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442940/prevalence-of-anemia-and-its-associated-factors-among-pregnant-women-receiving-antenatal-care-at-aymiba-health-center-northwest-ethiopia
#20
Fikir Asrie
INTRODUCTION: Anemia is a global public health problem in both developing and developed countries; ~1.62 billion people suffer from anemia, and pregnant women are the most susceptible to it. The main aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence of anemia and associated risk factors among pregnant women receiving antenatal care at Aymiba Health Center, northwest Ethiopia. METHODS AND MATERIALS: An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted at Aymiba Health Center from January to March 2015...
2017: Journal of Blood Medicine
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