Read by QxMD icon Read

Ldh a inhibitors

Rania R Abdelaziz, Wagdi F Elkashef, Eman Said
Silicosis is a crippling respiratory disorder characterized by massive lung inflammation and fibrosis. The current study provides evidence on the protective potential of tadalafil; a specific phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitor against experimentally-induced pulmonary silicosis in rats. Silicosis was induced by intranasal instillation of crystalline silica (50mg/rat). Halofuginone hydrobromide; a standard collagen-1 synthesis inhibitor was selected as a reference anti-fibrotic. Daily oral administration of tadalafil (1mg/kg) for 8weeks significantly ameliorated silica-induced pulmonary damage...
October 18, 2016: International Immunopharmacology
Gang Bao, Chuankun Li, Lei Qi, Ning Wang, Baixiang He
Tetrandrine (TET) is a bis-benzylisoquinoline alkaloid, which is isolated from a Chinese medicinal herb with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. In this study, we investigated the effects of TET on oxygen-glucose-serum deprivation/reoxygenation (OGSD/R)-induced injury in rat spinal cord astrocytes, which mimics hypoxic/ischemic conditions in vivo. MTT and LDH assays indicated that cell viability was distinctly reduced and LDH leakage was elevated after OGSD/R exposure, which were dose-dependently reversed by pretreatment with TET (0...
October 17, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Yong Zhou, Tian Liu, Jia-Xi Duan, Ping Li, Guo-Ying Sun, Yong-Ping Liu, Jun Zhang, Liang Dong, Kin Sing Stephen Lee, Bruce D Hammcok, Jian-Xin Jiang, Cha-Xiang Guan
Acute lung injury (ALI) is characterized by rapid alveolar injury, vascular leakage, lung inflammation, neutrophil accumulation, and induced cytokines production leading to lung edema. The mortality rate of patients suffering from ALI remains high. Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) are cytochrome P450-dependent derivatives of polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) with anti-hypertensive, profibrinolytic and anti-inflammatory functions. EETs are rapidly hydrated by soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) to their less potent diols...
October 6, 2016: Shock
Tao Liu, Gang Wang, Huangheng Tao, Zhonghua Yang, Yongzhi Wang, Zhe Meng, Rui Cao, Yu Xiao, Xinghuan Wang, Jiajie Zhou
BACKGROUND: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is one of the tumors most refractory to chemotherapy to date. Therefore, novel therapeutic agents are urgently needed for this disease. Capsaicin (CPS), a natural active ingredient of green and red peppers, and a ligand of transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1), has been showed potential in suppression of tumorigenesis of several cancers. Nonetheless, the anti-cancer activity of CPS has never been studied in human RCC. METHODS: CCK8 analysis, LDH release activity and ROS generation analysis, flow cytometry analysis, and nuclear staining test were performed to test the influence of CPS in cultured cells in vitro, meanwhile western blot was done to uncover the precise molecular mechanisms...
October 12, 2016: BMC Cancer
Fang Ye, Xiaoyi Li, Fen Li, Jianxin Li, Wei Chang, Jing Yuan, Jun Chen
Mitochondria play a key role in the process of lead (Pb)-induced impairment in nervous system. To further clarify the underlying mechanism of Pb neurotoxicity, this study was designed to investigate the role of mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) and cyclophilin D (CyPD), a component of MPT pore (MPTP), in Pb-induced mitochondrial apoptosis in nerve cells. In SH-SY5Y and PC12 cells, Cyclosporin A (CSA), a special inhibitor of CyPD, could alleviate cell death, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage and adenosine 5 triphosphate (ATP) decrease caused by PbAc...
October 7, 2016: Neurotoxicology
Álvaro Marín-Hernández, José S Rodríguez-Zavala, Isis Del Mazo-Monsalvo, Sara Rodríguez-Enríquez, Rafael Moreno-Sánchez, Emma Saavedra
Glycolysis provides precursors for the synthesis of macromolecules and may contribute to the ATP supply required for the constant and accelerated cellular duplication in cancer cells. In consequence, inhibition of glycolysis has been reiteratively considered as an anti-cancer therapeutic option. In previous studies, kinetic modeling of glycolysis in cancer cells allowed the identification of the main steps that control the glycolytic flux: glucose transporter, hexokinase (HK), hexose phosphate isomerase (HPI), and glycogen degradation in human cervix HeLa cancer cells and rat AS-30D ascites hepatocarcinoma...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Ewelina Zielinska, Cecylia Tukaj, Marek Witold Radomski, Iwona Inkielewicz-Stepniak
BACKGROUND: Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) show strong antibacterial properties, making them excellent candidates to be used in orthopaedic repair and regeneration. However, there are concerns regarding the cytotoxicity of AgNPs and molecular mechanisms underlying AgNPs-induced bone cells toxicity have not been elucidated. Therefore, the aim of our study was to explore mechanisms of AgNPs-induced osteoblast cell death with particular emphasis on the role of nitric oxide (NO) generated by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)...
2016: PloS One
Matteo S Carlino, Vito Vanella, Christina Girgis, Diana Giannarelli, Alex Guminski, Lucia Festino, Richard F Kefford, Alexander M Menzies, Georgina V Long, Paolo A Ascierto
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether melanoma patients achieving complete response (CR) with targeted therapy can safely discontinue treatment. METHODS: All patients treated with BRAF/MEK inhibitors achieving CR and ceasing treatment before progression were identified. Clinical data at treatment initiation, cessation and progression were examined. RESULTS: A total of 12 eligible patients were identified, with median follow-up of 16 months, of whom 6 (50%) recurred at a median of 6...
October 6, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
Jin Yu, Yiliyaer Maimaitili, Peng Xie, Jianjiang Wu, Jiang Wang, Yining Yang, Haiping Ma, Hong Zheng
AIM: Hyperglycaemia-induced cell injury is a primary cause of cardiovascular complications in diabetic patients. In vivo studies demonstrated that sevoflurane postconditioning (SpostC) was cardioprotective against ischaemia/reperfusion injury, which was blocked by hyperglycaemia. This study investigated whether high glucose concentration abrogated SpostC cardioprotection in vitro by advancing mitochondrial fission and whether mitochondrial division inhibitor-1 (Mdivi-1) restored SpostC cardioprotection in cultured primary neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NCMs)...
September 29, 2016: Acta Physiologica
Lisete Ribeiro Teixeira, Murilo B Dias, Roberta K B Sales, Leila Antonangelo, Vanessa A Alvarenga, Juliana Puka, Evaldo Marchi, Milena Marques Pagliarelli Acencio
BACKGROUND: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are responsible for the breakdown of the extracellular matrix and play an important role in the inflammatory processes of pleural exudates. The imbalance between MMPs and their inhibitors (TIMPs) is present in various pathological processes. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the profile of MMPs and TIMPs in pleural effusions of different etiologies correlated with inflammatory markers. METHODS: The patients with pleural effusion due to tuberculosis (TB), cancer (CA) or transudate were prospectively evaluated...
September 27, 2016: Lung
Jianmei Gao, Yuanyuan Deng, Caixia Yin, Yuangui Liu, Wei Zhang, Jingshan Shi, Qihai Gong
Oxidative stress is a major cause of cellular injury in a variety of human diseases including neurodegenerative disorders. Thus, removal of excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) or suppression of ROS generation may be effective in preventing oxidative stress-induced cell death. This study was designed to investigate the effect of icariside II (ICS II), a novel phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor, on hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 )-induced death of highly differentiated rat neuronal PC12 cells, and to further examine the underlying mechanisms...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Marcella Manerba, Lorenza Di Ianni, Marzia Govoni, Marinella Roberti, Maurizio Recanatini, Giuseppina Di Stefano
The inflammatory microenvironment is an essential component of neoplastic lesions and can significantly impact on tumor progression. Besides facilitating invasive growth, inflammatory cytokines were also found to reprogram cancer cell metabolism and to induce aerobic glycolysis. Previous studies did not consider the possible contribution played in these changes by lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). The A isoform of LDH (LDH-A) is the master regulator of aerobic glycolysis; it actively reduces pyruvate and causes enhanced lactate levels in tumor tissues...
September 10, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Deepika Arora, Mohammed Haris Siddiqui, Pradeep Kumar Sharma, Yogeshwer Shukla
Deltamethrin (DLM), a synthetic pyrethroid insecticide, is used all over the world for indoor and field pest management. In the present study, we investigated the elicited pathogenesis of DLM-induced hepatotoxicity in rat primary hepatocytes. DLM-induced cell death was accompanied with increased ROS generation, decreased mitochondrial membrane potential and G2/M arrest. Pre-treatment with N-acetyl cysteine/butylated hydroxyanisole/IM54 could partly rescue hepatocytes suggesting that ROS might play a role in DLM-induced toxicity...
October 14, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Ying-Jr Chen, Nathaniel G Mahieu, Xiaojing Huang, Manmilan Singh, Peter A Crawford, Stephen L Johnson, Richard W Gross, Jacob Schaefer, Gary J Patti
It is well established that lactate secreted by fermenting cells can be oxidized or used as a gluconeogenic substrate by other cells and tissues. It is generally assumed, however, that within the fermenting cell itself, lactate is produced to replenish NAD(+) and then is secreted. Here we explore the possibility that cytosolic lactate is metabolized by the mitochondria of fermenting mammalian cells. We found that fermenting HeLa and H460 cells utilize exogenous lactate carbon to synthesize a large percentage of their lipids...
November 2016: Nature Chemical Biology
Amy Riddell, Tim Goodship, Coralie Bingham
Eculizumab, a terminal complement inhibitor, has recently been used successfully to both prevent and treat the recurrence of atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) post renal transplantation. We describe a case that highlights the need to monitor the effects of eculizumab on the complement system and in this case alter the dosage. Despite taking the standard recommended dose of eculizumab for an adult, this aHUS patient developed a low-grade thrombotic microangiopathy on biopsy within months of renal transplantation...
October 2016: Clinical Nephrology
Leopold F Fröhlich, Maria Mrakovcic, Claudia Smole, Kurt Zatloukal
BACKGROUND: Recent studies indicated that histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi), a class of anticancer agents, are in addition to their ability of apoptosis induction also capable of provoking autophagy. Promoted by the treatment of malignant uterine sarcoma cells with the HDACi suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA), we previously demonstrated predominant dose-dependent activation of autophagy in ESS-1 cells, but prevalent induction of apoptosis in MES-SA cells. METHODS: In order to extend our previous studies, SAHA-treated ESS-1 and MES-SA cells were monitored for protein expression to reveal differences in known markers of apoptosis explaining the different cytotoxic responses...
2016: Cancer Cell International
Dan Li, Jun Wang, Jincai Hou, Jianhua Fu, Jianxun Liu, Ruichao Lin
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a novel class of powerful, endogenous regulators of gene expression. This study was designed to ascertain if miR-30a is involved in the cardioprotective actions of salvianolic acid B (Sal B) against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury through suppression of autophagy. METHODS: Murine myocardial cells that had undergone primary culture were induced by I-R and incubated with Sal B (25, 50, 100 μM) in the presence of a miR-30a mimic or miR-30a inhibitor...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Mohamed E Shaker, Sylvia A Ashamallah, Mohamed El-Mesery
The receptor tyrosine kinase mesenchymal-epithelial transition factor (c-Met) sits at the interface between controlled cellular division of organogenesis and uncontrolled cellular division of carcinogenesis. c-Met contribution to the initial phases of liver injury and inflammation is still not resolved. Herein, we investigated the selective pharmacological intervention of c-Met by capmatinib (formerly known as INC280) in the diethylnitrosamine (DEN) acute liver injury model in mice. c-Met inhibition by capmatinib reduced DEN-induced elevation of the pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-17A, IL-23(p19/40) and IFN-γ, which correlated well with serum markers of hepatocellular injury (ALT, AST and LDH)...
November 2, 2016: Toxicology Letters
Yong Cheng, Zhaojin Li, Elissavet Kardami, Y Peng Loh
Basic Fibroblast growth factor (FGF2) is important in development and maintenance of central nervous system function. Studies have demonstrated that low molecular weight (LMW) FGF2 is a neuroprotective factor against various insults in vivo and in vitro. In the present study we investigated the neuroprotective effects of high molecular weight (HMW) and LMW FGF2 against amyloid beta-induced neurotoxicity. The results showed that both LMW and HMW FGF2 attenuated the amyloid beta toxicity in the primary cultured hippocampal neurons as measured by WST and LDH release assay...
October 6, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
Rafael Moreno-Sánchez, Álvaro Marín-Hernández, Isis Del Mazo-Monsalvo, Emma Saavedra, Sara Rodríguez-Enríquez
BACKGROUND: Exceedingly high therapeutic/experimental doses of metabolic drugs such as oxamate, aminooxyacetate (AOA) and dichloroacetate (DCA) are required to diminish growth, glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation (OxPhos) of different cancer cells. To identify the mechanisms of action of these drugs on cancer energy metabolism, a systematic analysis of their specificities was undertaken. METHODS: Hepatocarcinoma AS-30D cells were treated with the inhibitors and glycolysis and OxPhos enzyme activities, metabolites and fluxes were analyzed...
August 16, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"