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Anesthesia intensive care pharmacology pain monitoring

Nikola Cesarovic, Paulin Jirkof, Andreas Rettich, Margarete Arras
The laboratory mouse is the animal species of choice for most biomedical research, in both the academic sphere and the pharmaceutical industry. Mice are a manageable size and relatively easy to house. These factors, together with the availability of a wealth of spontaneous and experimentally induced mutants, make laboratory mice ideally suited to a wide variety of research areas. In cardiovascular, pharmacological and toxicological research, accurate measurement of parameters relating to the circulatory system of laboratory animals is often required...
2011: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Angela Sauaia, Sung-joon Min, Chris Leber, Kathleen Erbacher, Fredrick Abrams, Regina Fink
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate pain management satisfaction in elderly postoperative patients; to define pain management strategies documented in the medical record (MR) that predict patient satisfaction. DESIGN: Prospective cohort. SETTING: Eight urban hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred twenty-two postsurgical patients aged 65 and older. MEASUREMENTS: Patients were surveyed regarding satisfaction with pain management in the first 24 hours postsurgery and the survey results summarized in a score...
February 2005: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
M-A Burmeister
As in past and present times anaesthesiology will remain the central and original part in the spectrum of anaesthesiology, emergency, pain and intensive-care medicine also in the future. Nevertheless, profound changes will take place within the next few years promoting the anaesthesiologist to the manager of the perioperative workflow. Soft and hard skills like qualification in organisation, team-leading, costing and overall quality management will be mandatory. On the other hand, medical and scientific visions should also remain in scope...
April 2003: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
G Angelini, J T Ketzler, D B Coursin
Sedatives continue to be used on a routine basis in critically ill patients. Although many agents are available and some approach an ideal, none are perfect. Patients require continuous reassessment of their pain and need for sedation. Pathophysiologic abnormalities that cause agitation, confusion, or delirium must be identified and treated before unilateral administration of potent sedative agents that may mask potentially lethal insufficiencies. The routine use of standardized and validated sedation scales and monitors is needed...
October 2001: Critical Care Clinics
P G Loubser, W H Donovan
In a double blind study, 21 patients with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) pain underwent placement of a lumbar subarachnoid catheter and injection of placebo and lidocaine. The effects on pain intensity, distribution, altered sensations and sensory level of anaesthesia were monitored. Four patients responded briefly to placebo, while 13 demonstrated a mean reduction of pain intensity of 37.8 +/- 37% for a mean duration of 123.1 +/- 95.3 minutes in response to lidocaine. The pain response to subarachnoid lidocaine differed significantly (p less than 0...
January 1991: Paraplegia
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