keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Oncology surgical

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334304/switching-from-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy-to-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-prostatectomy-comparing-oncological-outcomes-and-complications
#1
Ida Johnson, Fredrik Ottosson, Lien My Diep, Rolf Eigil Berg, Jon-Roar Hoff, Nicolai Wessel, Lars Magne Eri, Viktor Berge
OBJECTIVES: To compare oncological outcomes and complication rates based on the Clavien classification between laparoscopic radical prostatectomies (LRP) and robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomies (RALP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a prospective quality registry clinical data were consecutively entered for 544 LRP and 1081 RALP patients operated from 2003 to the end of 2012. Complications within 90 days postoperatively were assessed according to the Clavien classification and compared between LRP and RALP patients...
January 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333791/the-impact-of-surgeons-pathologists-dialog-on-lymph-node-evaluation-of-colorectal-cancer-patients
#2
Rana Afifi, Benjamin Person, Riad Haddad
BACKGROUND: Lymph node (LN) retrieval and assessment is essential for accurate staging and treatment planning in colorectal cancer (CRC). According to U.S. National Cancer Institute recommendations, the minimal number of LNs needed for accurately staging of node-negative CRC is 12. Awareness and implementation of the guidelines has been shown to improve after assigning an opinion leader who has a special interest in CRC. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of dialogue between surgeons and pathologists in LN evaluation...
January 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333729/immunoengineering-with-biomaterials-for-enhanced-cancer-immunotherapy
#3
REVIEW
Yu-Qing Xie, Lixia Wei, Li Tang
Cancer immunotherapy has recently shown dramatic clinical success inducing durable response in patients of a wide variety of malignancies. Further improvement of the clinical outcome with immune related cancer treatment requests more exquisite manipulation of a patient's immune system with increased immunity against diseases while mitigating the toxicities. To meet this challenge, biomaterials applied to immunoengineering are being developed to achieve tissue- and/or cell-specific immunomodulation and thus could potentially enhance both the efficacy and safety of current cancer immunotherapies...
January 14, 2018: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Nanomedicine and Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332705/cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-management-of-advanced-and-high-stage-tumors
#4
REVIEW
Syril Keena T Que, Fiona O Zwald, Chrysalyne D Schmults
While the majority of cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas (cSCCs) can be treated surgically, the additional work-up and treatments indicated for high-risk cSCC remain undefined. In recent years, improvements in tumor staging systems have allowed for the more accurate stratification of tumors into high- and low-risk categories. This insight, along with the publication of cSCC guidelines, brings us closer to the development of a consensus approach. The second article in this continuing medical education series addresses in question and answer format the most common questions related to advanced and high-stage cSCCs, with a simplified flowchart...
February 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332206/oncological-outcomes-after-cytoreductive-nephrectomy-for-patients-with-metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma-with-inferior-vena-caval-tumor-thrombus
#5
Hideaki Miyake, Takayuki Sugiyama, Ryota Aki, Yuto Matsushita, Keita Tamura, Daisuke Motoyama, Toshiki Ito, Atsushi Otsuka
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the oncological outcomes of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) involving the inferior vena cava (IVC) who received cytoreductive nephrectomy. METHODS: This study included 75 consecutive metastatis renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) patients with inferior vena cava (IVC) tumor thrombus undergoing cytoreductive nephrectomy and tumor thrombectomy followed by systemic therapy. RESULTS: Of the 75 patients, 11, 33, 24 and 7 had level I, II, III and IV IVC thrombus, respectively...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332186/assessment-of-oral-cancer-pain-anxiety-and-quality-of-life-of-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-patients-with-invasive-treatment-procedure
#6
Endang Sjamsudin, Tantry Maulina, Ahmad Cipta, Aulia Iskandarsyah, Andri Hardianto, Mantra Nandini, Alwin Kasim, Harmas Yazid Yusuf
PURPOSE: Depending on its stage on diagnosis, oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) might cause excruciating pain and decreased quality of life. As for treatment, the treatment of OSCC might vary from chemotherapy to surgery. The objective of the current study was to assess the preoperative and postoperative oral cancer pain, anxiety, and quality of life of OSCC patients with invasive treatment procedure. METHODS: The current study was conducted by interviewing 21 (10 males; 11 females) patients who had been diagnosed with stage 3 and stage 4 OSCC and about to go through surgery at the inpatient ward of Surgical Oncology Department, Hasan Sadikin Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia...
January 13, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332100/robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-is-more-beneficial-for-prostate-cancer-patients-a-system-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Yuefeng Du, Qingzhi Long, Bin Guan, Lijun Mu, Juanhua Tian, Yumei Jiang, Xiaojing Bai, Dapeng Wu
BACKGROUND Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) is increasingly used worldwide, but comparisons of perioperative, functional, and oncologic outcomes among RARP, laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP), and open radical prostatectomy (ORP) remain inconsistent. MATERIAL AND METHODS Systematic literature searches were conducted using EMBASE, PubMed, the Cochrane Library, CNKI, and Science Direct/Elsevier up to April 2017. A meta-analysis was conducted using Review Manager and Stata software. RESULTS We included 33 studies...
January 14, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331624/comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-in-the-older-adult-with-cancer-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Catalina Hernandez Torres, Tina Hsu
CONTEXT: The number of older adults with cancer is expected to increase rapidly in the upcoming decades. Aging is heterogeneous and chronological age is often not reflective of biological age. A comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) is an in-depth assessment of multiple domains of health that results in better assessment of a patient's overall health and fitness and allows directed intervention to improve patient outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To review the value of CGA for older adults with cancer, CGA composition and tools that can be utilized, and the feasibility of including CGA in oncologic practice...
January 10, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331568/overall-survival-and-oncological-outcomes-after-partial-nephrectomy-and-radical-nephrectomy-for-ct2a-renal-tumors-a-collaborative-international-study-from-the-french-kidney-cancer-research-network-uroccr
#9
B Reix, J-C Bernhard, J-J Patard, P Bigot, A Villers, E Suer, N S Vuong, G Verhoest, Q Alimi, J-B Beauval, T Benoit, F-X Nouhaud, C Lenormand, N Hamidi, J Cai, M Eto, S Larre, A El Bakhri, G Ploussard, A Hung, N Koutlidis, A Schneider, J Carrouget, S Droupy, S Marchal, A Doerfler, S Seddik, T Matsugasumi, X Orsoni, A Descazeaud, C Pfister, K Bensalah, M Soulie, I Gill, V Flamand
BACKGROUND: Partial nephrectomy (PN) is recommended as first-line treatment for cT1 stage kidney tumors because of a better renal function and probably a better overall survival than radical nephrectomy (RN). For larger tumors, PN has a controversial position due to lack of evidence showing good cancer control. The aim of this study was to compare the results of PN and RN in cT2a stage on overall survival and oncological results. METHOD: A retrospective international multicenter study was conducted in the frame of the French kidney cancer research network (UroCCR)...
January 10, 2018: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331306/primary-mucinous-eccrine-carcinoma-of-the-buccal-space-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Kirkland N Lozada, Muhammed S Qazi, Azita S Khorsandi, Raymond L Chai
IMPORTANCE: Mucinous eccrine carcinoma is a rare entity that most commonly affects the head and neck. Due to its low frequency of occurrence, review of its etiology, histopathology, and treatment strategies is beneficial to all clinicians who may encounter similar appearing masses. OBSERVATION: An 84-year-old male presented with a blue mass on the left cheek. This mass started as a small bump and grew significantly over one year. His primary care physician monitored its growth and ultimately referred to an otolaryngologist...
January 5, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331011/transfusion-related-acute-lung-injury-in-a-paediatric-intensive-care-unit-of-pakistan
#11
Muhammad Tariq Jamil, Zehra Dhanani, Qalab Abbas, Humaira Jurair, Farheen Karim Mahar, Anwarul Haque
Background: Transfusion-Related Acute Lung Injury (TRALI) is a major cause of transfusionrelated morbidity and mortality in the intensive care unit setting. There is a paucity of such data from Pakistan. The purpose of this study is to assess the incidence and outcome of TRALI in critically ill children admitted in a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of Pakistan. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of all critically ill or injured children who developed TRALI or "possible" TRALI after blood transfusion based on Canadian Conference Consensus criteria in a closed multidisciplinary-cardiothoracic PICU from January 2012 to June 2016...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330718/spect-ct-adds-distinct-lymph-node-basins-and-influences-radiologic-findings-and-surgical-approach-for-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-in-head-and-neck-melanoma
#12
Becky B Trinh, Brandon C Chapman, Ana Gleisner, Jennifer J Kwak, Rustain Morgan, Martin D McCarter, Csaba Gajdos, Nicole Kounalakis
BACKGROUND: Planar lymphoscintigraphy (PL) has a lower detection rate of sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) in head and neck melanoma compared with other sites. We assessed situations when single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) identified nodes not seen by PL. We also evaluated the impact of SPECT/CT on surgical approach and oncologic outcomes. METHODS: Patients who underwent SLN biopsy (SLNB) for head and neck melanoma with PL and SPECT/CT between November 2011 and December 2016 were included...
January 12, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328775/breast-specimen-processing-and-reporting-with-an-emphasis-on-margin-evaluation
#13
Anthony J Guidi, Joseph A Tworek, Daniel D Mais, Rhona J Souers, Barbara J Blond, Richard W Brown
CONTEXT: The College of American Pathologists (CAP) developed protocols for reporting pathologic characteristics of breast cancer specimens, including margin status. The Society of Surgical Oncology (SSO) and the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) published treatment guidelines regarding margins in patients with invasive cancer; and SSO, ASTRO, and the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) recently published guidelines for patients with ductal carcinoma in situ. OBJECTIVE: - To assess current practices among pathologists with regard to the processing/reporting of breast specimens, assess compliance with CAP cancer protocols, and assess alignment with SSO/ASTRO and SSO/ASTRO/ASCO guidelines...
January 12, 2018: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327784/transoral-robotic-surgery-for-oropharyngeal-carcinoma-surgical-margins-and-oncologic-outcomes
#14
Eric J Moore, Kathryn M Van Abel, Daniel L Price, Christine M Lohse, Kerry D Olsen, Ryan S Jackson, Eliot J Martin
BACKGROUND: This study presents oncologic outcomes after transoral robotic surgery (TORS) ± adjuvant therapy for oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). METHODS: Three hundred fourteen patients undergoing TORS ± adjuvant therapy for oropharyngeal SCC from May 1, 2007, to May 31, 2015, are analyzed. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 3.3 years (interquartile range [IQR] 1.8-5.3 years; range 1 day to 9.3 years). Estimated locoregional recurrence-free survival, distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), overall survival (OS), and cancer-specific survival (CSS) rates (95% confidence interval [CI] number still at risk) at 5 years after surgery were 92% (88-95; 92), 90% (86-94; 92), 86% (82-92; 98), and 94% (91-97; 98), respectively...
January 12, 2018: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327341/combined-thoracic-paravertebral-and-pectoral-nerve-blocks-for-breast-surgery-under-sedation-a-prospective-observational-case-series
#15
A Pawa, J Wight, D N Onwochei, R Vargulescu, I Reed, L Chrisman, E Pushpanathan, A Kothari, K El-Boghdadly
Avoidance of general anaesthesia for breast surgery may be because of clinical reasons or patient choice. There is emerging evidence that the use of regional anaesthesia and the avoidance of volatile anaesthetics and opioid analgesia may have beneficial effects on oncological outcomes. We conducted a prospective observational case series of 16 breast cancer surgeries performed under thoracic paravertebral plus pectoral nerve block with propofol sedation to demonstrate feasibility of technique, patient acceptability and surgeon satisfaction...
January 12, 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326030/patient-reported-outcomes-following-abiraterone-acetate-plus-prednisone-added-to-androgen-deprivation-therapy-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-metastatic-castration-naive-prostate-cancer-latitude-an-international-randomised-phase-3-trial
#16
Kim N Chi, Andrew Protheroe, Alfredo Rodríguez-Antolín, Gaetano Facchini, Henrik Suttman, Nobuaki Matsubara, Zhangqun Ye, Bhumsuk Keam, Ronaldo Damião, Tracy Li, Kelly McQuarrie, Bin Jia, Peter De Porre, Jason Martin, Mary B Todd, Karim Fizazi
BACKGROUND: In the LATITUDE trial, addition of abiraterone acetate plus prednisone to androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) improved overall survival compared with placebos plus ADT in patients with newly diagnosed, high-risk, metastatic castration-naive prostate cancer. Understanding the effects of treatments on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is important for treatment decisions; therefore we aimed to analyse the effects of ADT plus abiraterone acetate and prednisone versus ADT plus placebos on PROs and HRQOL in patients in the LATITUDE study...
January 8, 2018: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325495/management-of-cancer-associated-venous-thromboembolism-a-case-based-practical-approach
#17
Minna Voigtlaender, Florian Langer
In patients with solid tumours or haematological malignancies, venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a leading cause of death and significantly contributes to morbidity and healthcare resource utilization. Current practice guidelines recommend long-term anticoagulation with low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) as the treatment of choice for cancer-associated VTE, based on clinical trial data showing an overall improved safety and efficacy profile of LMWH compared to vitamin K antagonists. However, several open questions remain, e...
January 12, 2018: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325352/-clinical-application-of-combined-hepatic-artery-resection-and-reconstruction-in-surgical-treatment-for-hilar-cholangiocarcinoma
#18
H S Dai, P Bie, S G Wang, Y He, D J Li, F Tian, X Zhao, Z Y Chen
Objective: To clarify whether the surgical treatment for hilar cholangiocarcinoma combined with artery reconstruction is optimistic to the patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma with hepatic artery invasion. Methods: There were 384 patients who received treatment in the First Affiliated Hospital to Army Medical University from January 2008 to January 2016 analyzed retrospectively. There were 27 patients underwent palliative operation, 245 patients underwent radical operation, radical resection account for 63...
January 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325345/-important-issues-need-to-be-emphasized-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-pancreatic-cystic-neoplasms
#19
W H Lou, Y P Zhao
The patients of pancreatic cystic neoplasms diagnosed and treated are increasing over the past decade. Recent and long-tern risk and benefit should be well balanced when considering treatment, follow the principle of patient-benefit. For low malignancy potential neoplasm like serous cystic tumor or branch duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm, surgical indication should be reserved to those with obvious malignant potential.Decreasing perioperative mortality and morbidity should be emphasized. Comprehensive studies are needed to validate the efficacy of new diagnostic and treatment technique before applied to clinical...
January 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322340/the-use-of-a-smartphone-assisted-ventricle-catheter-guide-for-ommaya-reservoir-placement-experience-of-a-retrospective-bi-center-study
#20
Sergey Ozerov, U W Thomale, M Schulz, A Schaumann, A Samarin, E Kumirova
BACKGROUND: For intraventricular chemotherapy (IVC) as part of many oncological treatment protocols, Ommaya reservoir is enabling repeated access to the cerebro-spinal fluid (CSF). The correct placement of the catheter in the ventricle is essential for correct application of drugs, which is enabled by sophisticated techniques such as neuronavigation. OBJECTIVE: In a bi-center retrospective study, we reviewed our experience using a smartphone-assisted ventricle catheter guide as simple solution for correct Ommaya reservoir placement...
January 10, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
keyword
keyword
118336
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"