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Cleft lip and palate, orthognathic surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787302/orthodontic-surgical-approach-for-treating-skeletal-class-iii-malocclusion-with-severe-maxillary-deficiency-in-isolated-cleft-palate
#1
Kohei Nakatsugawa, Hiroshi Kurosaka, Kiyomi Mihara, Susumu Tanaka, Tomonao Aikawa, Mikihiko Kogo, Takashi Yamashiro
Orthodontic treatment in patients with orofacial cleft such as cleft lip and palate or isolated cleft palate is challenging, especially when the patients exhibit severe maxillary growth retardation. To correct this deficiency, maxillary expansion and protraction can be performed in the first phase of orthodontic treatment. However, in some cases, the malocclusion cannot be corrected by these procedures, and thus, skeletal discrepancy remains when the patients are adolescents. These remaining problems occasionally require various orthognathic treatments according to the degree of the discrepancy...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738290/mean-goslon-yardstick-scores-after-3-different-treatment-protocols-a-long-term-study-of-patients-with-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate
#2
Petra Peterson, Michael Mars, Alan Gowans, Ola Larson, Erik Neovius, Gunilla Henningsson, Anna Andlin-Sobocki, Marie Pegelow, Mathias Lemberger, Liisi M Raud-Westberg, Agneta L-A Karsten
OBJECTIVES: (1) To evaluate dental arch relationships, with the Great Ormond Street, London and Oslo (GOSLON) Yardstick, of participants with Unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) and treated with 1-stage palatal closure with 3 different surgical protocols (2) to compare the mean GOSLON ratings with other CLP centers. DESIGN: Retrospective study of medical charts and dental models. SETTING: Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702006/short-and-long-term-effects-of-late-maxillary-advancement-with-the-liou-alt-ramec-protocol-in-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate
#3
Maria Costanza Meazzini, Laura B Zappia, Chiara Tortora, Luca Autelitano, Roberto Tintinelli
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this retrospective longitudinal study was to evaluate short- and long-term results of the application of the Liou Alt-RAMEC (alternate rapid maxillary expansion and constriction) technique, a late orthopedic maxillary protraction technique, with intraoral anchorage, in patients with cleft. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-six patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) were consecutively treated with the Alt-RAMEC technique. The average age of the patients was 11...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554455/impact-of-the-distance-of-maxillary-advancement-on-horizontal-relapse-after-orthognathic-surgery
#4
Artur Fahradyan, Erik M Wolfswinkel, Noreen Clarke, Stephen Park, Michaela Tsuha, Mark M Urata, Jeffrey A Hammoudeh, Dennis-Duke R Yamashita
BACKGROUND: The maxillary horizontal relapse following Le Fort I advancement has been estimated to be 10% to 50%. This retrospective review examines the direct association between the amounts of maxillary advancement and relapse. We hypothesize that the greater the advancement, the greater the relapse amount. METHOD: Patients with class III skeletal malocclusion underwent maxillary advancement with either a Le Fort I or a Le Fort I with simultaneous mandibular setback (bimaxillary surgery) from 2008 to 2015...
April 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501116/predicting-need-for-orthognathic-surgery-in-early-permanent-dentition-patients-with-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-using-receiver-operating-characteristic-analysis
#5
Michelle Yun-Chia Ku, Lun-Jou Lo, Min-Chi Chen, Ellen Wen-Ching Ko
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to predict the need for orthognathic surgery in patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) in the early permanent dentition. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we included 61 patients with complete UCLP (36 male, 25 female; mean age, 18.47 years; range, 16.92-26.17 years). The subjects were grouped into an orthognathic surgery group and a nonsurgery group at the time of growth completion. Lateral cephalograms obtained at the age of 11 years were analyzed to compare the 2 groups...
March 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461877/active-presurgical-infant-orthopedics-for-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-intercenter-outcome-comparison-of-latham-modified-mcneil-and-nasoalveolar-molding
#6
Michelle Kornbluth, Richard E Campbell, John Daskalogiannakis, Elizabeth J Ross, Patricia H Glick, Kathleen A Russell, Jean-Charles Doucet, Ronald R Hathaway, Ross E Long, Thomas J Sitzman
OBJECTIVE: To compare dental arch relationship, craniofacial form, and nasolabial aesthetic outcomes among cleft centers using distinct methods of presurgical infant orthopedics (PSIO). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Four cleft centers in North America. PATIENTS: One hundred ninety-one children with repaired complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (CUCLP). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Dental arch relationship was assessed using the GOSLON Yardstick...
May 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437505/cleft-skeletal-asymmetry-asymmetry-index-classification-and-application
#7
Delnaz S Patel, Rachel Jacobson, Yao Duan, Linping Zhao, David Morris, Mimis N Cohen
OBJECTIVE: To quantitatively measure the extent of 3D asymmetry of the facial skeleton in patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) using an asymmetry index (AI) approach, and to illustrate the applicability of the index in guiding and measuring treatment outcome. METHOD: Two groups of subjects between the ages of 15 and 20 who had archived CBCT scan were included in this study. Twenty-five patients with complete UCLP were compared with 50 age-matched noncleft subjects...
March 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408322/minimally-invasive-versus-standard-approach-in-lefort-1-osteotomy-in-patients-with-history-of-cleft-lip-and-palate
#8
D Séblain, J Bourlet, N Sigaux, R H Khonsari, J Chauvel Picard, A Gleizal
OBJECTIVE: Compare literature-reported efficiency and complications of the standard maxillary advancement surgery with those of a minimally invasive mucosal approach in patients with CL/P requiring Le Fort 1 osteotomy. DESIGN: Meta-analysis vs. retrospective analysis of 18 consecutive cases. SETTING: Department of maxillofacial surgery at a tertiary-level public general hospital. PARTICIPANTS: The meta-analysis encompassed Medline, Embase and Cochrane, years 1990 to 2014, inclusive...
February 25, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084117/a-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials-in-cleft-and-craniofacial-surgery
#9
Jonathan M Bekisz, Elise Fryml, Roberto L Flores
This study presents a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in cleft and craniofacial surgery. All studies reporting on RCTs in cleft and craniofacial surgery were identified on PubMed using the search terms "cleft," "velopharyngeal insufficiency," "velopharyngeal dysfunction," "nasoalveolar molding," "gingivoperiosteoplasty," "Pierre Robin sequence," "craniofacial," "craniosynostosis," "craniofacial microsomia," "hemifacial microsomia," "hypertelorism," "Le Fort," "monobloc," "distraction osteogenesis," "Treacher Collins," and "Goldenhar...
March 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962933/a-high-proportion-of-children-with-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-needed-complex-orthodontic-treatment-or-orthognathic-surgery
#10
Romina Brignardello-Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947808/airway-changes-after-cleft-orthognathic-surgery-evaluated-by-three-dimensional-computed-tomography-and-overnight-polysomnographic-study
#11
Chun-Shin Chang, Christopher Glenn Wallace, Yen-Chang Hsiao, Yuh-Jia Hsieh, Yi-Chin Wang, Ning-Hung Chen, Yu-Fang Liao, Eric Jen-Wein Liou, Philip Kuo-Ting Chen, Jyh-Ping Chen, Yu-Ray Chen
Cleft lip and palate is the most common congenital craniofacial anomaly. Up to 60% of these patients will benefit from cleft orthognathic surgery, which consists primarily of maxillary advancement and mandibular setback to address midface retrusion and relative mandibular protrusion, respectively. It is believed that maxillary advancement can enlarge the airway whilst mandibular setback can reduce the airway, but this has not previously been quantified for cleft patients undergoing orthognathic surgery. This unique longitudinal prospective study of 18 patients was conducted between April 2013 and July 2016...
September 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879320/pharyngeal-flap-damage-caused-by-nasotracheal-intubation-in-a-patient-who-underwent-palatoplasty-and-pharyngoplasty
#12
Jong-Shik Oh, Hong-Seok Choi, Eun-Jung Kim, Cheul-Hong Kim, Ji-Uk Yoon, Ji-Young Yoon
Patients with cleft lip and palate (CLP) must undergo corrective surgeries during infancy and early childhood. Many patients with CLP undergo orthognathic surgery during their childhood for correction of skeletal asymmetries or pharyngoplasty with a pharyngeal flap to improve the quality of speech and velopharyngeal function. During orthognathic surgeries, nasotracheal intubation is performed under general anesthesia. In our case report, the patient had undergone palatoplasty and pharygoplasty previously. During the orthognathic surgery, a flexible fiberoptic bronchoscope-guided nasotracheal tube was inserted through the pharyngeal flap ostium; however, active bleeding occurred in the nasopharynx...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863918/three-dimensional-evaluation-of-the-airway-spaces-in-patients-with-and-without-cleft-lip-and-palate-a-digital-volume-tomographic-study
#13
Himija Karia, Sunita Shrivastav, Ashok Kumar Karia
INTRODUCTION: Patients with cleft lip and palate (CLP) suffer from several esthetic and functional challenges. Comprehensive treatment of these patients involves orthognathic surgery that may lead to velopharyngeal insufficiency or reduction in lower airway. Several cases of airway insufficiency, velopharyngeal incompetence, snoring, hypopnea, and obstructive sleep apnea have been reported in subjects with CLP. The aim of this study was to compare the anteroposterior dimensions of the oropharyngeal airway at 5 levels, the height of the oropharyngeal column, and the volume of the oropharyngeal airway in subjects with and without CLP...
September 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855714/the-pterygomaxillary-junction-an-imaging-study-for-surgical-information-of-lefort-i-osteotomy
#14
Yen-Po Chin, Maria Belen Leno, Sarayuth Dumrongwongsiri, Kyung Hoon Chung, Hsiu-Hsia Lin, Lun-Jou Lo
Maxillary osteotomy is a common surgical procedure and often involves separation of the pterygomaxillary junction (PMJ), which is a "blinded" procedure with inherent risks. Knowledge of the PMJ structure is essential. It remains unclear whether patients with different facial types have different PMJ structures, or different surgical outcome. This study evaluated the computed tomographic images of 283 consecutive patients who received orthognathic surgery. Patients were classified into Angle class I, II, III and cleft lip/palate groups...
August 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791817/binder-syndrome-clinical-findings-and-surgical-treatment-of-18-patients-at-the-department-of-plastic-surgery-in-polanica-zdr%C3%A3-j
#15
Piotr H Drozdowski, Ireneusz Łątkowski, Mateusz G Zachara, Piotr Wójcicki
BACKGROUND: Binder syndrome (BS) is an uncommon congenital underdevelopment of the maxilla and nasal skeleton. Other clinical features include a hypoplastic or absent anterior nasal spine; a short, flat nose with short columella; an acute nasolabial angle; a convex upper lip and class III malocclusion. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to outline the major characteristics of BS and to present a variety of surgical treatment methods. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 18 patients treated in the authors' department from 1989 to 2013...
May 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403134/early-computer-aided-design-computer-aided-modeling-planned-le-fort-i-advancement-with-internal-distractors-to-treat-severe-maxillary-hypoplasia-in-cleft-lip-and-palate
#16
Catherine S Chang, Jordan Swanson, Jason Yu, Jesse A Taylor
Traditionally, maxillary hypoplasia in the setting of cleft lip and palate is treated via orthognathic surgery at skeletal maturity, which condemns these patients to abnormal facial proportions during adolescence. The authors sought to determine the safety profile of computer-aided design/computer-aided modeling (CAD/CAM) planned, Le Fort I distraction osteogenesis with internal distractors in select patients presenting at a young age with severe maxillary retrusion. The authors retrospectively reviewed our "early" Le Fort I distraction osteogenesis experience-patients performed for severe maxillary retrusion (≥12 mm underjet), after canine eruption but prior to skeletal maturity-at a single institution...
June 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403023/incidence-of-le-fort-surgery-in-a-mature-cohort-of-patients-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#17
Cecilia Dalle Ore, Anna Schoenbrunner, Michael Brandel, Nicola Kronstadt, Joyce McIntyre, Marilyn Jones, Amanda Gosman
Primary repair of cleft lip and palate occurs early in life, but ideal timing of these interventions remains controversial. Prior research has indicated that a later palate repair may improve patients' midfacial growth long term, whereas optimal timing of lip repair to maximize midfacial growth has not been identified.The purpose of this study is to analyze a large, diverse cohort of patients with cleft lip and palate to determine whether timing of primary palate repair and primary lip repair contributed significantly to subsequent orthognathic surgery...
April 11, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399025/incidence-of-le-fort-surgery-in-a-mature-cohort-of-patients-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#18
Cecilia Dalle Ore, Anna Schoenbrunner, Michael Brandel, Nicola Kronstadt, Joyce McIntyre, Marilyn Jones, Amanda Gosman
Primary repair of cleft lip and palate occurs early in life, but ideal timing of these interventions remains controversial. Prior research has indicated that a later palate repair may improve patients' midfacial growth long term, whereas optimal timing of lip repair to maximize midfacial growth has not been identified.The purpose of this study is to analyze a large, diverse cohort of patients with cleft lip and palate to determine whether timing of primary palate repair and primary lip repair contributed significantly to subsequent orthognathic surgery...
May 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207462/what-are-the-contributing-factors-for-postsurgical-relapse-after-two-jaw-surgery-in-patients-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#19
Yoon-Hee Park, Ji-Hee Seo, Il-Hyung Yang, Jin-Young Choi, Jong-Ho Lee, Myung-Jin Kim, Seung-Hak Baek
The purpose of this study was to investigate the amount and pattern of postsurgical relapse after 2-jaw surgery in cleft lip and palate patients in terms of the sagittal and vertical aspects. The samples consisted of 21 adult patients who had the similar initial skeletodental pattern before surgery and underwent 2-jaw surgery. They were divided into high relapse (n = 11) and low relapse groups (n = 10) (criteria, 30% forward relapse of the B point). After the cephalometric variables of cephalograms taken at 1 month before surgery (T0), immediately after surgery (T1), and at least 1 year after surgery (T2) were measured, the Wilcoxon test, Mann-Whitney U test, and Pearson correlation test were performed for statistical analysis...
June 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141644/midfacial-changes-through-anterior-maxillary-distraction-osteogenesis-in-patients-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Hiroyuki Kanzaki, Yoshimichi Imai, Tetsu Nakajo, Takayoshi Daimaruya, Akimitsu Sato, Masahiro Tachi, Youhei Nunomura, Yusuke Itagaki, Kazuaki Nishimura, Shoko Kochi, Kaoru Igarashi
Maxillary hypoplasia is a major issue in cleft lip and palate patients, and predictable surgical maxillary advancement is required. In the present study, the changes and stability of the maxilla and soft tissue profile achieved after the application of anterior maxillary distraction osteogenesis (AMDO) using intraoral expander in unilateral cleft lip and palate and isolated cleft palate patients were investigated by comparing to the Le Fort I osteotomy (LFI) and maxillary distraction osteogenesis (DO) with rigid external distraction (RED) system...
June 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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