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Single dose gastritis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759625/high-efficacy-of-gemifloxacin-containing-therapy-in-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-a-pilot-empirical-second-line-rescue-therapy
#1
Laleh Mahmoudi, Shohreh Farshad, Mehrdad Seddigh, Paria Mahmoudi, Fardad Ejtehadi, Ramin Niknam
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) is a common gastric pathogen which is associated with chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer, and gastric cancer. It has worldwide distribution with higher incidence in developing countries. Gemifloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic with documented in vitro activity against H pylori. Considering that there is no clinical data to verify gemifloxacin efficacy in H pylori eradication, this pilot clinical trial was designed. METHODS: This prospective pilot study was performed during February 2014 to February 2015...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27433522/investigation-of-pharmacological-activity-of-caralluma-penicillata-anti-inflammatory-properties-and-gastritis-protection-against-indomethacin-in-adult-guinea-pigs
#2
Nabil Albaser, Najeeb Ghanem, Mohanad Shehab, Adnan Al-Adhal, Mohammed Amood Al-Kamarany
Caralluma is a plant that possessing a great therapeutic potential in folk medicine in Yemen, namely, Caralluma penicillata (C. penicillata) as antiulcer. The study aims to evaluate the anti-inflammatory properties and gastritis protection activity of C. penicillata against indomethacin in adult guinea pigs. The study was divided into four parts: firstly, the optimum dose of extract as anti-inflammatory effect was determined. Secondly, the acute anti-inflammatory effect of extract were estimated. Thirdly, the repeated doses of extract against chronic inflammation was estimated...
2014: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27080820/-fixed-drug-eruption-to-clarithromycin-the-importance-of-challenge-tests-in-diagnosis
#3
V-A Huynh, E Lungoci, A Villani, B Ben Said, F Hacard, J-F Nicolas, F Bérard
BACKGROUND: Determining the substance responsible for recurrent fixed drug eruption (FDE) may be difficult in the case of patients on multiple medication. Allergy testing may prove invaluable in such situations, as we demonstrate herein with an original case. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 49-year-old man presented a rash on the seventh day of treatment with esomeprazole, clarithromycin and amoxicillin prescribed for gastritis involving Helicobacter pylori. The condition regressed spontaneously within a few days, but left three areas of hyperpigmentation...
December 2016: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27026836/immune-thrombocytopenic-purpura-and-gastritis-by-h-pylori-associated-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Carlos Culquichicón-Sánchez, Ricardo Correa, Igor Flores-Guevara, Frank Espinoza Morales, Christian R Mejia
We present the 15th case reported worldwide and 3rd case reported in Latin America of immune thrombocytopenic purpura associated with Type 1 diabetes mellitus in Scopus, MEDLINE, and SciELO. An 11-year-old male patient of mixed ethnicity with immune thrombocytopenic purpura, Type 1 diabetes mellitus, and gastritis due to H. pylori presented to the emergency room with petechiae, ecchymosis, and gingival and conjunctival bleeding that had been worsening for the past three months. The patient had a body mass index of 18...
2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25538019/phase-2-multi-institutional-trial-evaluating-gemcitabine-and-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-for-patients-with-locally-advanced-unresectable-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma
#5
MULTICENTER STUDY
Joseph M Herman, Daniel T Chang, Karyn A Goodman, Avani S Dholakia, Siva P Raman, Amy Hacker-Prietz, Christine A Iacobuzio-Donahue, Mary E Griffith, Timothy M Pawlik, Jonathan S Pai, Eileen O'Reilly, George A Fisher, Aaron T Wild, Lauren M Rosati, Lei Zheng, Christopher L Wolfgang, Daniel A Laheru, Laurie A Columbo, Elizabeth A Sugar, Albert C Koong
BACKGROUND: This phase 2 multi-institutional study was designed to determine whether gemcitabine (GEM) with fractionated stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) results in acceptable late grade 2 to 4 gastrointestinal toxicity when compared with a prior trial of GEM with single-fraction SBRT in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC). METHODS: A total of 49 patients with LAPC received up to 3 doses of GEM (1000 mg/m(2)) followed by a 1-week break and SBRT (33...
April 1, 2015: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25203248/factors-contributing-to-high-levothyroxine-doses-in-primary-hypothyroidism-an-interventional-audit-of-a-large-community-database
#6
Hannah M A Robertson, Anil K P Narayanaswamy, Olivia Pereira, Shirley A Copland, Richard Herriot, Alistair W McKinlay, John S Bevan, Prakash Abraham
BACKGROUND: While few hypothyroid patients require more than the expected weight-related dose of levothyroxine, the underlying causes of larger-than-expected dosing requirements have not been studied in a single cohort. Our aim was to determine and quantify the multiple factors contributing to high-dose levothyroxine requirements in a cohort of patients with hypothyroidism. METHODS: The Grampian Automated Follow-Up Register (GAFUR) monitors around 17,500 hypothyroid patients...
December 2014: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25093129/gastric-emphysema-a-spectrum-of-pneumatosis-intestinalis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
Guillermo López-Medina, Roxana Castillo Díaz de León, Alberto Carlos Heredia-Salazar, Daniel Ramón Hernández-Salcedo
The finding of gas within the gastric wall is not a disease by itself, rather than a sign of an underlying condition which could be systemic or gastric. We present the case of a woman identified with gastric emphysema secondary to the administration of high doses of steroids, with the purpose of differentiating emphysematous gastritis versus gastric emphysema due to the divergent prognostic implications. Gastric emphysema entails a more benign course, opposed to emphysematous gastritis which often presents as an acute abdomen and carries a worse prognosis...
2014: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24918556/safety-and-efficacy-comparison-of-minocycline-microgranules-vs-lymecycline-in-the-treatment-of-mild-to-moderate-acne-randomized-evaluator-blinded-parallel-and-prospective-clinical-trial-for-8-weeks
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jorge Ocampo-Candiani, Luis Leobardo Velazquez-Arenas, Alberto de la Fuente-Garcia, Carlos Trevino-Gomezharper, Arturo Berber
BACKGROUND: Minocycline and lymecycline are used in the treatment of acne, but there is not enough evidence to support superior efficacy of one of them. METHODS: 170 participants from 14 to 34 years old with mild to moderate facial acne vulgaris were recruited. 84 had 100 mg of minocycline in a single daily dose for 8 weeks and 86 had 300 mg of lymecycline in a single daily dose for 8 weeks. Participants were evaluated at baseline, week 4 and week 8. RESULTS: 65 minocycline and 60 lymecycline patients were evaluable...
June 2014: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24568545/recombinant-adenovirus-expressing-the-haemagglutinin-of-peste-des-petits-ruminants-virus-pprv-protects-goats-against-challenge-with-pathogenic-virus-a-diva-vaccine-for-ppr
#9
Rebecca Herbert, Jana Baron, Carrie Batten, Michael Baron, Geraldine Taylor
Peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) is a morbillivirus that can cause severe disease in sheep and goats, characterised by pyrexia, pneumo-enteritis, and gastritis. The socio-economic burden of the disease is increasing in underdeveloped countries, with poor livestock keepers being affected the most. Current vaccines consist of cell-culture attenuated strains of PPRV, which induce a similar antibody profile to that induced by natural infection. Generation of a vaccine that enables differentiation of infected from vaccinated animals (DIVA) would benefit PPR control and eradication programmes, particularly in the later stages of an eradication campaign and for countries where the disease is not endemic...
February 26, 2014: Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24479108/non-specific-gastric-inflammation-in-children-is-associated-with-proton-pump-inhibitor-treatment-for-more-than-6-weeks
#10
Eduardo Rosas-Blum, Nina Tatevian, Syed Shahrukh Hashmi, Jon Marc Rhoads, Fernando Navarro
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Non-specific gastric inflammation (NSGI) is a commonly reported pathological finding. We investigated if it is associated with the use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) in children at a single tertiary center. METHODS: We performed an IRB-approved chart review of all endoscopy and biopsy reports of patients who underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy between July 2009 and July 2010 (n = 310). Demographic data, dose, duration of exposure to PPI, and biopsy results were collected and analyzed...
2014: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24454714/age-dependent-association-among-helicobacter-pylori-infection-serum-pepsinogen-levels-and-immune-response-of-children-to-live-oral-cholera-vaccine-cvd-103-hgr
#11
Khitam Muhsen, Rosanna Lagos, Mardi K Reymann, David Y Graham, Marcela F Pasetti, Myron M Levine
BACKGROUND: Through its effects on gastric secretion, we hypothesized that Helicobacter pylori infection may influence oral immunization. Accordingly, we examined the association between H. pylori infection, serum pepsinogen (PG) (measures for H. pylori gastritis) and vibriocidal antibody (a correlate of protection) seroconversion following oral immunization with CVD 103-HgR live cholera vaccine among children of different ages. METHODS: Sera from 422 Chilean children who were vaccinated with a single dose of CVD 103-HgR were tested by ELISA for serum IgG antibodies to H...
2014: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24368727/impact-of-concomitant-low-dose-aspirin-on-the-safety-and-tolerability-of-naproxen-and-esomeprazole-magnesium-delayed-release-tablets-in-patients-requiring-chronic-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drug-therapy-an-analysis-from-5-phase-iii-studies
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Dominick J Angiolillo, Catherine Datto, Shane Raines, Neville D Yeomans
Patients receiving chronic nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and concomitant low-dose aspirin (LDA) are at increased risk of gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity. A fixed-dose combination of enteric-coated (EC) naproxen and immediate-release esomeprazole magnesium (NAP/ESO) has been designed to deliver a proton-pump inhibitor followed by an NSAID in a single tablet. To examine safety data from 5 Phase III studies of NAP/ESO in LDA users (≤ 325 mg daily, administered at any time during the study), and LDA non-users, data were analyzed from 6-month studies assessing NAP/ESO versus EC naproxen in patients with osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or ankylosing spondylitis (n = 2), 3-month studies assessing NAP/ESO vs celecoxib or placebo in patients with knee osteoarthritis (n = 2), and a 12-month, open-label, safety study of NAP/ESO (n = 1)...
July 2014: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24258773/pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-famotidine-and-ranitidine-in-critically-ill-children
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Shailender Madani, Ralph Kauffman, Pippa Simpson, Victoria Tutag Lehr, Mary Lieh Lai, Ashok Sarniak, Vasundhara Tolia
To characterize and compare acid suppression (pharmacodynamics) and pharmacokinetics of IV famotidine and ranitidine in critically ill children at risk for stress gastritis. Single-blind, randomized study in PICU patients 6 months to 18 years requiring mechanical ventilation with continuous gastric pH monitoring, randomized to IV famotidine 12 mg/m(2) or ranitidine 60 mg/m(2) when gastric pH < 4.0 >1 hour with serial blood sampling following first dose. Twenty-four children randomized to either famotidine (n = 12) or ranitidine (n = 12)...
February 2014: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24036846/calcium-carbonate-does-not-affect-nilotinib-pharmacokinetics-in-healthy-volunteers
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Hussein A Tawbi, An L Tran, Susan M Christner, Yan Lin, Matthew Johnson, Emily Mowrey, Leonard R Appleman, Ronald Stoller, Brian M Miller, Merrill J Egorin, Jan H Beumer
WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT: Gastric upset is a common side effect of nilotinib therapy, and calcium carbonate is frequently used concomitantly, either as antacid or as calcium supplementation. With the increasing number of oral agents in cancer therapy, oral drug-drug interactions are becoming more relevant. Nilotinib has already been shown to be absorbed to a much lesser extent when co-administered with proton pump inhibitors. Because exposure to sub-therapeutic concentrations of anticancer drugs such as nilotinib may result in selection of resistant clones and ultimately relapse, we studied the effect of a calcium carbonate supplement (Tums Ultra 1000®) on nilotinib pharmacokinetics...
November 2013: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23885971/post-radioembolization-yttrium-90-pet-ct-part-2-dose-response-and-tumor-predictive-dosimetry-for-resin-microspheres
#15
Yung-Hsiang Kao, Jeffrey D Steinberg, Young-Soon Tay, Gabriel Ky Lim, Jianhua Yan, David W Townsend, Charley A Budgeon, Jan A Boucek, Roslyn J Francis, Timothy St Cheo, Mark C Burgmans, Farah G Irani, Richard Hg Lo, Kiang-Hiong Tay, Bien-Soo Tan, Pierce Kh Chow, Somanesan Satchithanantham, Andrew Eh Tan, David Ce Ng, Anthony Sw Goh
BACKGROUND: Coincidence imaging of low-abundance yttrium-90 (90Y) internal pair production by positron emission tomography with integrated computed tomography (PET/CT) achieves high-resolution imaging of post-radioembolization microsphere biodistribution. Part 2 analyzes tumor and non-target tissue dose-response by 90Y PET quantification and evaluates the accuracy of tumor 99mTc macroaggregated albumin (MAA) single-photon emission computed tomography with integrated CT (SPECT/CT) predictive dosimetry...
2013: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23839484/a-clinical-study-to-examine-the-potential-effect-of-lansoprazole-on-the-pharmacokinetics-of-bosutinib-when-administered-concomitantly-to-healthy-subjects
#16
Richat Abbas, Cathie Leister, Daryl Sonnichsen
BACKGROUND: Bosutinib is an orally bioavailable, dual Src and Abl tyrosine kinase inhibitor approved in the USA for the treatment of Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myeloid leukemia following development of resistance or intolerance to prior therapy. In vitro studies demonstrated that bosutinib displays pH-dependent aqueous solubility, suggesting that concomitant administration of agents that alter gastric pH could affect bosutinib absorption. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effect of lansoprazole, a gastric proton pump inhibitor, on the pharmacokinetics and safety of bosutinib...
August 2013: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23420509/pathogenic-t-cells-persist-after-reversal-of-autoimmune-disease-by-immunosuppression-with-regulatory-t-cells
#17
Eric Tu, Dorothée Bourges, Paul A Gleeson, Desmond K Y Ang, Ian R van Driel
Autoimmune disease can be prevented with immunosuppressive agents; however, the effectiveness of these treatments in advanced stage of disease and the fate of pathogenic T cells following such treatments are not clear. In this study we demonstrate that a single dose of in vitro-induced Treg cells (iTreg cells) resulted in the functional repair and restitution of stomach tissue that had been severely damaged in advanced autoimmune gastritis. iTreg cells caused depletion or inactivation of autoreactive naïve T cells that were antigen inexperienced, however, autoreactive effector/memory T cells persisted in treated mice, resulting in residual cellular infiltrates within the repaired stomach tissue...
May 2013: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22889079/anti-gastritis-and-wound-healing-effects-of-momordicae-semen-extract-and-its-active-component
#18
Kiwon Jung, Young-Won Chin, Yoon Hee Chung, Yang Hae Park, Hunseung Yoo, Dong Sun Min, Bongyong Lee, Jinwoong Kim
Momordicae Semen, Momordica cochinchinensis Springer (Cucurbitaceae), has long been known to effectively relieve boils, rheumatic pain, and hemorrhoids. In this study, we investigated whether Momordicae Semen extract (MSE) has anti-gastritis effects in various rodent models and also explored possible mechanisms for the gastroprotective effects of MSE. MSE provided remarkable protective effects, comparable to those of rebamipide, in ethanol- and diclofenac-induced acute gastritis. In addition, it has demonstrated protective effect in a Helicobacter pylori-insulted chronic gastritis model...
February 2013: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22811801/single-fraction-image-guided-extracranial-radiosurgery-for-recurrent-and-metastatic-abdominal-and-pelvic-cancers-short-term-local-control-metabolic-response-and-toxicity
#19
Charles L Perkins, Bassel El-Reyes, Edmund Simon, David Kooby, William Torres, John S Kauh, Charles A Staley, Jerome C Landry
PURPOSE: Extracranial radiosurgery (ECRS) is a novel treatment for inoperable recurrent or metastatic abdominopelvic cancers. However, local control, metabolic response, and acute toxicity remain undefined. We therefore analyzed these endpoints in patients treated with single-fraction image-guided ECRS at Emory University. METHODS: 20 patients with recurrent or metastatic inoperable abdominal or pelvic cancers (23 sites) were treated with single-fraction ECRS using a Varian linear accelerator between 08/2006 and 02/2008...
September 2010: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22609977/genotoxicity-assessment-of-garcinia-achachairu-rusby-clusiaceae-extract-in-mammalian-cells-in-vivo
#20
Eduardo de Souza Marques, Suellen Silva, Rivaldo Niero, Sérgio Faloni de Andrade, Paulo Cesar Pires Rosa, Fabio Ferreira Perazzo, Edson Luis Maistro
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Garcinia achachairu Rusby (Clusiaceae) is popularly known as "achachairu", and is used in Bolivian folk medicine for its healing, digestive, and laxative properties, and in the treatment of gastritis, rheumatism and inflammation. Despite its widespread therapeutic use, there is a lack of data regarding its in vivo genotoxic effects. Therefore, in this study, we used the comet assay and the micronucleus test, respectively, to evaluate the possible genotoxic and clastogenic effects of Garcinia achachairu seed extract (GAE) on different cells of mice...
July 13, 2012: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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