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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146737/rheumatic-disorders-associated-with-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors-in-patients-with-cancer-clinical-aspects-and-relationship-with-tumour-response-a-single-centre-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Marie Kostine, Léa Rouxel, Thomas Barnetche, Rémi Veillon, Florent Martin, Caroline Dutriaux, Léa Dousset, Anne Pham-Ledard, Sorilla Prey, Marie Beylot-Barry, Amaury Daste, Marine Gross-Goupil, Julie Lallier, Alain Ravaud, Edouard Forcade, Bernard Bannwarth, Marie-Elise Truchetet, Christophe Richez, Nadia Mehsen, Thierry Schaeverbeke
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence and type of rheumatic immune-related adverse events (irAEs) in patients receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), as well as the correlation with tumour response. METHODS: This was a single-centre prospective observational study including all cancer patients receiving ICIs. The occurrence of irAEs and tumour response was assessed on a regular basis. Patients who experienced musculoskeletal symptoms were referred to the department of rheumatology for clinical evaluation and management...
November 16, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123632/management-of-post-endodontic-retreatment-pain-with-low-level-laser-therapy
#2
Mohammad Asnaashari, Hengameh Ashraf, Amir Houshang Daghayeghi, Seyed Masoud Mojahedi, Saranaz Azari-Marhabi
Introduction: Pharmacotherapy with analgesics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs has been traditionally used to relief post-operative pain of endodontic treatments. However, due to the side effects reported for these drugs, some efforts have been made to decrease the post-operative pain of the endodontic treatments through laser irradiation. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of low level laser therapy (LLLT) on the reduction of pain after root canal retreatment. Methods: In this clinical trial, 61 patients requiring endodontic retreatments in posterior teeth were selected...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105796/penetration-and-pharmacokinetics-of-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-in-rat-prostate-tissue
#3
Venkata K Yellepeddi, Jayashree Radhakrishnan, Rajan Radhakrishnan
BACKGROUND: Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) involves inflammation of the prostate and affects the quality of life of men of all ages. It is well reported in clinical studies that the treatment for CP/CPPS using nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) produced favorable outcomes. However, currently, there are no guidelines on choice of the NSAIDs for the treatment of CP/CPPS. Therefore, in the current research study, we evaluated the prostate tissue penetration of four NSAIDs in rats to provide guidance on choice of NSAIDs for the treatment of CP/CPPS...
November 6, 2017: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092729/bioequivalence-and-food-effect-study-of-two-zaltoprofen-preparations-in-healthy-chinese-volunteers%C3%A2
#4
Ying Song, Yi Ding, Yanyan Jia, Jinyi Zhao, Kai Gao, Chengtao Lu, Ruili Li, Aidong Wen
OBJECTIVE: Zaltoprofen, a propionic acid derivative of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), has powerful anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects on inflammatory pain. This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of food on the pharmacokinetic parameters of zaltoprofen capsule (trial preparation, T) and tablet (reference preparation, R), and to assess the relative bioequivalence of two zaltoprofen preparations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this open-label, randomized, crossover, two-state, four-period study, 24 healthy Chinese volunteers were randomized to receive a single oral dose of zaltoprofen capsule/tablet (80 mg) under fasting and fed state...
October 26, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066864/variability-of-the-drug-response-to-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-according-to-cyclooxygenase-2-genetic-polymorphism
#5
Sook Joung Lee, Min Kyu Park, Dong-Seong Shin, Min Ho Chun
PURPOSE: Cyclooxygenase (COX) is the main pharmacodynamic target of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). We investigated the inhibitory effects on COX-2 after NSAIDs administration using a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-derived COX-2 induction model in whole blood, according to the genotypes of COX-2 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seven genotypes of COX-2 SNPs were selected from public databases and analyzed in 324 healthy subjects...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985716/selection-of-opioids-for-cancer-related-pain-using-a-biomarker-a-randomized-multi-institutional-open-label-trial-relief-study
#6
Hiromichi Matsuoka, Junji Tsurutani, Yasutaka Chiba, Yoshihiko Fujita, Masato Terashima, Takeshi Yoshida, Kiyohiro Sakai, Yoichi Otake, Atsuko Koyama, Kazuto Nishio, Kazuhiko Nakagawa
BACKGROUND: Cancer patients experience pain that has physiological, sensory, affective, cognitive, behavioral, and sociocultural dimensions. Opioids are used in treatment of pain in patients with various types of cancer. We previously showed that the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) genotype is related to the plasma level of morphine and the required dose of morphine in an exploratory prospective study. The findings showed that a group of patients with a GG single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs4680 in COMT required a significantly higher dose of morphine than a non-GG group...
October 6, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983756/effects-of-photobiomodulation-therapy-and-topical-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drug-on-skeletal-muscle-injury-induced-by-contusion-in-rats-part-1-morphological-and-functional-aspects
#7
Shaiane Silva Tomazoni, Lúcio Frigo, Tereza Cristina Dos Reis Ferreira, Heliodora Leão Casalechi, Simone Teixeira, Patrícia de Almeida, Marcelo Nicolas Muscara, Rodrigo Labat Marcos, Andrey Jorge Serra, Paulo de Tarso Camillo de Carvalho, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior
Musculoskeletal injuries are very frequent and are responsible for causing pain and impairment of muscle function, as well as significant functional limitations. In the acute phase, the most prescribed treatment is with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), despite their questionable effectiveness. However, the use of photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) in musculoskeletal disorders has been increasing in the last few years, and this therapy appears to be an interesting alternative to the traditional drugs...
December 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947805/comparative-population-pharmacokinetics-and-absolute-oral-bioavailability-of-cox-2-selective-inhibitors-celecoxib-mavacoxib-and-meloxicam-in-cockatiels-nymphicus-hollandicus
#8
Laura Dhondt, Mathias Devreese, Siska Croubels, Siegrid De Baere, Roel Haesendonck, Tess Goessens, Ronette Gehring, Patrick De Backer, Gunther Antonissen
Selective COX-2 inhibitors are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs which directly target cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), an enzyme mainly responsible for induction of inflammation, pyresis and pain. Although commonly used in avian medicine, limited pharmacokinetic (PK) data in domestic and companion birds are available. In this study, PK parameters and absolute oral bioavailability expressed as percentage (F%) of celecoxib (10 mg/kg BW), mavacoxib (4 mg/kg BW) and meloxicam (1 mg/kg BW) were determined following single oral (PO) and intravenous (IV) administration to cockatiels (Nymphicus hollandicus)...
September 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934782/the-dose-dependent-effects-of-ketoprofen-on-dynamic-pain-after-open-heart-surgery
#9
Vedat Eljezi, Claire Biboulet, Henri Boby, Pierre Schoeffler, Bruno Pereira, Christian Duale
BACKGROUND: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can reduce postoperative pain, in both static (i.e., at rest) and dynamic contexts (e.g., during coughing or mobilization), and reduced doses could improve their efficacy/tolerance balance. OBJECTIVES: To test this hypothesis of efficacy after open heart surgery, in which NSAIDs are poorly used, particularly for safety concerns. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind trial. SETTING: Single-center, French university hospital...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920805/pharmacokinetics-of-piroxicam-in-cranes-family-gruidae
#10
Naomi L Keiper, Sherry K Cox, Grayson A Doss, Betsy Elsmo, Dana Franzen-Klein, Barry K Hartup
To investigate the pharmacokinetics of the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) piroxicam in cranes, three brolgas (Antigone rubicunda) were administered piroxicam as a single oral dose at 0.5 mg/kg and 1.0 mg/kg during separate trials. Serial blood samples were collected for quantification of piroxicam in plasma. Piroxicam was readily absorbed at both dosages, and no adverse effects were observed. Plasma concentrations peaked at 3.67 hr with a concentration of 4.00 μg/ml for the lower dosage, and at 0...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903012/in-vitro-chondrotoxicity-of-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-and-opioid-medications
#11
Geoffrey D Abrams, Wenteh Chang, Jason L Dragoo
BACKGROUND: A variety of medications are administered to the intra-articular space for the relief of joint pain. While amide-type local anesthetics have been extensively studied, there is minimal information regarding the potential chondrotoxicity of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and opioid medications. PURPOSE: To investigate the in vitro chondrotoxicity of single-dose equivalent concentrations of ketorolac, morphine, meperidine, and fentanyl on human chondrocytes...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893584/levetiracetam-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drug-binary-systems-a-contribution-to-the-development-of-new-solid-dosage-forms
#12
Sara M T Machado, Ricardo A E Castro, Teresa M R Maria, João Canotilho, M Ermelinda S Eusébio
A study has been carried out of binary solid systems made up of the antiepileptic drug levetiracetam, LEV, and a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, NSAID, capable of managing the inflammation that accompanies epileptic activity. One aim of this research was to identify eutectic mixtures and co-crystals, which are able to impact positively on their biopharmaceutical properties. The NSAIDs studied are (S)- and (R,S)-ibuprofen, (S)- and (R,S)-naproxen, (R,S)-ketoprofen and (R,S)-flurbiprofen, all class II in the Biopharmaceutical Classification System...
November 25, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885223/prescription-audit-of-nsaids-and-gastroprotective-strategy-in-elderly-in-primary-care
#13
Khalid Ahmed Jassim Al Khaja, Sindhan Veeramuthu, Husain Ahmed Isa, Reginald Paul Sequeira
BACKGROUND: The use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs) is deemed a major risk factor for peptic ulcer disease in elderly population that requires concomitant therapy with gastroprotective agents (GPAs). OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the rational prescribing of NSAIDs and GPAs, and extent of adherence to the guideline recommendations in primary care. METHODS: Nationwide audit of prescriptions issued to elderly patients (≥65 years) with hypertension or diabetic hypertension in primary care...
2017: International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734720/rectal-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-administration-is-effective-for-the-prevention-of-post-ercp-pancreatitis-an-updated-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
Chong Yang, Yanting Zhao, Wentao Li, Shikai Zhu, Hongji Yang, Yu Zhang, Xi Liu, Nan Peng, Ping Fan, Xin Jin
BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis is one of the most common complications of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Whether the prophylactic administration of rectal non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) peri-ERCP is effective in preventing post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) remains controversial. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of rectal NSAIDs on PEP. METHODS: A systematic search of literature databases (Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science) was performed to identify eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
September 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700092/oral-paracetamol-acetaminophen-for-cancer-pain
#15
REVIEW
Philip J Wiffen, Sheena Derry, R Andrew Moore, Ewan D McNicol, Rae F Bell, Daniel B Carr, Mairead McIntyre, Bee Wee
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common symptom with cancer, and 30% to 50% of all people with cancer will experience moderate to severe pain that can have a major negative impact on their quality of life. Non-opioid drugs are commonly used to treat mild to moderate cancer pain, and are recommended for this purpose in the WHO cancer pain treatment ladder, either alone or in combination with opioids.A previous Cochrane review that examined the evidence for nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or paracetamol, alone or combined with opioids, for cancer pain was withdrawn in 2015 because it was out of date; the date of the last search was 2005...
July 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700091/oral-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-nsaids-for-cancer-pain-in-adults
#16
REVIEW
Sheena Derry, Philip J Wiffen, R Andrew Moore, Ewan D McNicol, Rae F Bell, Daniel B Carr, Mairead McIntyre, Bee Wee
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common symptom with cancer, and 30% to 50% of all people with cancer will experience moderate to severe pain that can have a major negative impact on their quality of life. Non-opioid drugs are commonly used to treat cancer pain, and are recommended for this purpose in the World Health Organization (WHO) cancer pain treatment ladder, either alone or in combination with opioids.A previous Cochrane review that examined the evidence for nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or paracetamol, alone or combined with opioids, for cancer pain was withdrawn in 2015 because it was out of date; the date of the last search was 2005...
July 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699595/effectiveness-of-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-for-the-treatment-of-pain-in-knee-and-hip-osteoarthritis-a-network-meta-analysis
#17
Bruno R da Costa, Stephan Reichenbach, Noah Keller, Linda Nartey, Simon Wandel, Peter Jüni, Sven Trelle
BACKGROUND: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are the backbone of osteoarthritis pain management. We aimed to assess the effectiveness of different preparations and doses of NSAIDs on osteoarthritis pain in a network meta-analysis. METHODS: For this network meta-analysis, we considered randomised trials comparing any of the following interventions: NSAIDs, paracetamol, or placebo, for the treatment of osteoarthritis pain. We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and the reference lists of relevant articles for trials published between Jan 1, 1980, and Feb 24, 2015, with at least 100 patients per group...
July 8, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658520/cancer-stem-cell-and-bulk-cancer-cell-active-copper-ii-complexes-with-vanillin-schiff-base-derivatives-and-naproxen
#18
Chunxin Lu, Arvin Eskandari, Paul B Cressey, Kogularamanan Suntharalingam
Four copper(II) complexes, 1-4 containing regioisomeric vanillin Schiff base derivatives and the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), naproxen, were synthesised and characterised. All complexes effectively cleave DNA in cell-free systems, with 4 displaying the highest nuclease activity. DNA binding studies suggest that 4 binds to DNA via the grooves prior to inducing oxidative DNA cleavage. Three of the complexes (1, 3, and 4) indiscriminately kill cancer stem cell (CSC)-enriched cells (HMLER-shEcad) and bulk cancer cells (HMLER) at micromolar concentrations...
August 22, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639029/cox2-induction-a-mechanism-of-endocrine-breast-cancer-resistance
#19
Brandi L Clark, Michael A Murphy, Landry K Kamdem
PURPOSE: Urine prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) levels have shown to be a risk factor of breast cancer, and the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is known to be beneficial in preventing breast cancer risk and/or recurrence with or without aromatase inhibitors. We hypothesized that the use of an aromatase inhibitor triggers the activation of the inflammatory pathway via release of PGE2. METHODS: A single oral 25 mg dose of an aromatase inhibitor (exemestane) was given to 14 healthy postmenopausal female volunteers...
June 21, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561421/pharmacokinetics-of-transdermal-etofenamate-and-diclofenac-in-healthy-volunteers
#20
Sara Drago, Roger Imboden, Philipp Schlatter, Mirabel Buylaert, Stephan Krähenbühl, Juergen Drewe
Little is known about the course of the plasma concentration and the bioavailability of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) contained in dermal patches. We compared an etofenamate prototype patch (patent EP 1833471) and a commercially available diclofenac epolamine patch regarding the bioavailability of the active ingredients relative to respective i.m. applications and regarding their plasma concentration-time course. Twenty-four healthy human volunteers were treated using a parallel group design (n = 12 per group) with a single dermal patch (removed after 12 hr) followed (after a latency of 48 hr) by eight consecutive dermal patches every 12 hr to reach steady-state conditions...
November 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
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