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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541679/biomagnetic-monitoring-of-atmospheric-pollution-a-review-of-magnetic-signatures-from-biological-sensors
#1
Jelle Hofman, Barbara A Maher, Adrian R Muxworthy, Karen Wuyts, Ana Castanheiro, Roeland Samson
Biomagnetic monitoring of atmospheric pollution is a growing application in the field of environmental magnetism. Particulate matter (PM) in atmospheric pollution contains readily-measurable concentrations of magnetic minerals. Biological surfaces, exposed to atmospheric pollution, accumulate magnetic particles over time, providing a record of location-specific, time-integrated air quality information. This review summarizes current knowledge of biological material ('sensors') used for biomagnetic monitoring purposes...
May 25, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539687/phylogenetic-analysis-of-monascus-and-new-species-from-honey-pollen-and-nests-of-stingless-bees
#2
R N Barbosa, S L Leong, O Vinnere-Pettersson, A J Chen, C M Souza-Motta, J C Frisvad, R A Samson, N T Oliveira, J Houbraken
The genus Monascus was described by van Tieghem (1884) to accommodate M. ruber and M. mucoroides, two species with non-ostiolate ascomata. Species delimitation in the genus is still mainly based on phenotypic characters, and taxonomic studies that include sequence data are limited. The genus is of economic importance. Species are used in fermented Asian foods as food colourants (e.g. 'red rice' (ang-kak, angka)) and found as spoilage organisms, and recently Monascus was found to be essential in the lifecycle of stingless bees...
March 2017: Studies in Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538574/sparing-a-craniotomy-the-role-of-intraoperative-methylene-blue-in-management-of-midline-dermoid-cysts
#3
Alannah L Phelan, Christine M Jones, Ashley S Ceschini, Cathy R Henry, Donald R Mackay, Thomas D Samson
BACKGROUND: Midline nasal dermoid cysts are rare congenital anomalies that extend intracranially in approximately 10 percent of cases. Cysts with intracranial extension require a craniotomy to avoid long-term complications, including meningitis, abscesses, and cavernous sinus thrombosis. Current guidelines recommend preoperative imaging with either magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography to determine appropriate management. METHODS: Patients who underwent excision of a midline nasal dermoid cyst between January 1995 and September 2016 were identified using Current Procedural Terminology codes...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536754/movement-amplitude-on-the-functional-re-adaptive-exercise-device-deep-spinal-muscle-activity-and-movement-control
#4
A Winnard, D Debuse, M Wilkinson, L Samson, T Weber, Nick Caplan
PURPOSE: Lumbar multifidus (LM) and transversus abdominis (TrA) show altered motor control, and LM is atrophied, in people with low-back pain (LBP). The Functional Re-adaptive Exercise Device (FRED) involves cyclical lower-limb movement against minimal resistance in an upright posture. It has been shown to recruit LM and TrA automatically, and may have potential as an intervention for non-specific LBP. However, no studies have yet investigated the effects of changes in FRED movement amplitude on the activity of these muscles...
May 23, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536237/occipital-spur-understanding-a-normal-yet-symptomatic-variant-from-orthodontic-diagnostic-lateral-cephalogram
#5
Eby Varghese, Renu Sarah Samson, Sumanth Nagraj Kumbargere, Minoo Pothen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526657/risk-adjusted-adverse-outcomes-in-complex-abdominal-wall-hernia-repair-with-biologic-mesh-a-case-series-of-140-patients
#6
Rifat Latifi, David Samson, Ansab Haider, Asad Azim, Hajira Iftikhar, Bellal Joseph, Elizabeth Tilley, Jorge Con, Saranda Gashi, Ayman El-Menyar
INTRODUCTION: Biologic mesh is preferred for repair of complex abdominal wall hernias (CAWHs) in patients at high risk of wound infection. We aimed to identify predictors of adverse outcomes after complex abdominal wall hernia repair (CAWR) using biologic mesh with different placement techniques and under different surgical settings. METHODS: A retrospective case series study was conducted on all patients who underwent CAWR with biologic mesh between 2010 and 2015 at a tertiary medical center...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523192/comparative-response-of-the-nigerian-indigenous-and-broiler-chickens-to-a-field-caecal-isolate-of-eimeria-oocysts
#7
Lucas Atehmengo Ngongeh, Amaechi Onyeabor, Emeka Nzenwata, Gurama Kansalem Samson
Response of Nigerian indigenous (local) and broiler chickens to experimental Eimeria infections was investigated by measures of clinical signs, packed cell volume (PCV), body weights (BW), feed consumption, faecal oocyst counts (oocyst per gram), and microscopic intestinal lesions. Three-week-old chickens of each breed received single pulse infections with 2500, 5000, and 100.000 sporulated Eimeria oocysts. Infected birds were dull and passed bloody diarrhoea. OPG showed a dose related response but no significant difference between groups (P > 0...
2017: Journal of Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520643/risk-of-lung-cancer-mortality-in-nuclear-workers-from-internal-exposure-to-alpha-particle-emitting-radionuclides
#8
James Grellier, Will Atkinson, Philippe Bérard, Derek Bingham, Alan Birchall, Eric Blanchardon, Richard Bull, Irina Canu Guseva, Cécile Challeton-de Vathaire, Rupert Cockerill, Minh T Do, Hilde Engels, Jordi Figuerola, Adrian Foster, Luc Holmstock, Christian Hurtgen, Dominique Laurier, Matthew Puncher, Anthony E Riddell, Eric Samson, Isabelle Thierry-Chef, Margot Tirmarche, Martine Vrijheid, Elisabeth Cardis
BACKGROUND: Carcinogenic risks of internal exposures to alpha-emitters (except radon) are poorly understood. Since exposure to alpha particles-particularly through inhalation-occurs in a range of settings, understanding consequent risks is a public health priority. We aimed to quantify dose-response relationships between lung dose from alpha-emitters and lung cancer in nuclear workers. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study, nested within Belgian, French, and UK cohorts of uranium and plutonium workers...
May 17, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516109/serum-derived-bovine-immunoglobulin-as-novel-adjunct-in-complicated-clostridium-difficile-colitis-treatment
#9
Samson Ferm, Nims Varadi, Constantine Fisher, Ellen Gutkin
Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a well-known complication of antibiotic therapy. It is associated with significant morbidity, mortality, and cost in the hospital setting. The main symptoms include watery diarrhea, abdominal pain, and distension, but CDI can also present as toxic megacolon, bowel perforation with peritonitis, sepsis and renal failure. Therapy includes metronidazole and oral vancomycin, with rectal vancomycin and fecal transplant reserved for more complicated cases. Adjunctive treatments such as probiotics have been tried with mixed results...
2017: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514321/patient-blood-management-in-major-orthopedic-surgery-less-erythropoietin-and-more-iron
#10
Emmanuel Rineau, Alexandra Stoyanov, Emmanuel Samson, Laurent Hubert, Sigismond Lasocki
Erythropoietin (EPO) is proposed preoperatively to reduce blood transfusion in anemic patients (hemoglobin < 13 g/dL) scheduled for a major orthopedic surgery. New intravenous iron formulations allow infusion of higher doses, increasing EPO response. In that context, we evaluated in a before-after study (n = 62 and 65 patients for each period) a new EPO administration protocol (2 injections 4 and 3 weeks before surgery, and a third if hemoglobin <13 g/dL instead of <15 g/dL 2 weeks before surgery)...
May 12, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513815/epidemiology-of-paediatric-meningitis-in-central-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire-after-the-implementation-of-haemophilus-influenzae-type-b-vaccination
#11
Fidèle S Touré, Samson Kouame, Honoré Tia, Pacôme Monemo, Amadou Cissé, Bamourou Diané, Sören L Becker, Chantal Akoua-Koffi
Infectious meningitis accounts for enormous morbidity worldwide, but there is a paucity of data on its regional epidemiology in resource-constrained settings of sub-Saharan Africa. Here, we present a study on the aetiology of paediatric meningitis in central Côte d'Ivoire. Between June 2012 and December 2013, all cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples drawn at the University Teaching Hospital Bouaké were examined for the presence of bacterial and fungal pathogens. A causative agent was detected in 31 out of 833 CSF specimens (3...
May 17, 2017: New Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511051/a-one-year-longitudinal-qualitative-study-of-peer-support-services-in-a-non-western-context-the-perspectives-of-peer-support-workers-service-users-and-co-workers
#12
Samson Tse, Winnie W S Mak, Iris W K Lo, Lucia L Liu, Winnie W Y Yuen, Sania Yau, Kimmy Ho, Sau-Kam Chan, Stephen Wong
This study explored the changing views of key stakeholders (peer support workers, their co-workers, and service users) about peer support services in a non-Western community, using a longitudinal qualitative approach. Five trainee peer support workers (PSWs), 15 service users, and 14 co-workers were interviewed over a 12-month period, under the auspices of the Peer Support Workers Project (also known as the Mindset project) in Hong Kong. A total of 77 interviews were transcribed and thematic analyses were conducted across the participant groups at three different time points (training, work placements, and employment)...
May 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508117/single-center-experience-using-the-3max-reperfusion-catheter-for-the-treatment-of-acute-ischemic-stroke-with-distal-arterial-occlusions
#13
Kévin Premat, Bruno Bartolini, Flore Baronnet-Chauvet, Eimad Shotar, Vincent Degos, Paul Muresan, Federico Di Maria, Joseph Gabrieli, Charlotte Rosso, Silvia Pistocchi, Jacques Chiras, Nader Sourour, Sonia Alamowitch, Yves Samson, Frédéric Clarençon
PURPOSE: Most recent guidelines recommend the use of stent retriever devices in endovascular treatment of acute ischemic stroke with large vessel occlusion (LVO). Recently published data reported convincing results with thromboaspiration devices such as the Penumbra System (Penumbra, Alameda, CA, USA) combined with supple reperfusion catheters by using the ADAPT (A Direct Aspiration First-Pass Thrombectomy) technique. The aim of this study was to report our initial experience with the 3MAX (3...
May 15, 2017: Clinical Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506113/the-occurrence-of-ryegrass-staggers-and-heat-stress-in-sheep-grazing-ryegrass-endophyte-associations-with-diverse-alkaloid-profiles
#14
L R Fletcher, S C Finch, B L Sutherland, G deNicolo, W J Mace, C van Koten, D E Hume
AIMS: To compare ryegrass pastures infected with endophytes producing diverse alkaloids for their ability to cause ryegrass staggers in grazing lambs; to compare respiration rates and rectal temperatures of these lambs after exposure to heat stress, and to compare liveweight gains during the study period. METHODS: Ryegrass pastures of cultivar Trojan infected with NEA endophytes, branded NEA2 (T-NEA2), endophyte-free Trojan (T-NIL), Samson infected with standard endophyte (S-STD), Samson infected with AR37 endophyte (S-AR37) and endophyte-free Samson (S-NIL), were grazed by lambs (n=30 per cultivar) for up to 48 days in February and March of 2012 and 2013...
May 25, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500532/the-structure-function-and-roles-of-the-archaeal-escrt-apparatus
#15
Rachel Y Samson, Megan J Dobro, Grant J Jensen, Stephen D Bell
Although morphologically resembling bacteria, archaea constitute a distinct domain of life with a closer affiliation to eukaryotes than to bacteria. This similarity is seen in the machineries for a number of essential cellular processes, including DNA replication and gene transcription. Perhaps surprisingly, given their prokaryotic morphology, some archaea also possess a core cell division apparatus that is related to that involved in the final stages of membrane abscission in vertebrate cells, the ESCRT machinery...
2017: Sub-cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498571/shared-decision-making-in-mental-health-care-settings-perspective-purpose-and-practice
#16
Samson Tse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497040/metabolic-syndrome-and-hypertension-resulting-from-fructose-enriched-diet-in-wistar-rats
#17
Julie Dupas, Annie Feray, Christelle Goanvec, Anthony Guernec, Nolwenn Samson, Pauline Bougaran, François Guerrero, Jacques Mansourati
Increased sugar consumption, especially fructose, is strongly related to the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and metabolic syndrome. The aim of this study was to evaluate long term effects of fructose supplementation on Wistar rats. Three-week-old male rats were randomly divided into 2 groups: control (C; n = 14) and fructose fed (FF; n = 18), with a fructose enriched drink (20-25% w/v fructose in water) for 21 weeks. Systolic blood pressure, fasting glycemia, and bodyweight were regularly measured. Glucose tolerance was evaluated three times using an oral glucose tolerance test...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482723/intensity-modulated-involved-site-radiation-therapy-for-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-of-the-head-and-neck
#18
Zachary David Guss, Abdossalam Madkhali, Qinyu Chen, Yin Zhang, Samson Dah, Joseph Moore, Stephanie Alicia Terezakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476421/treatment-of-stage-i-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-what-s-trending
#19
Timothy L McMurry, Puja M Shah, Pamela Samson, Clifford G Robinson, Benjamin D Kozower
OBJECTIVES: Stage I non-small cell lung cancer traditionally is treated with lobectomy. Sublobar resection and stereotactic body radiation therapy provide alternative treatments for higher-risk groups. The purpose of this study was to determine the national treatment trends for stage I lung cancer. METHODS: The National Cancer Database was queried for patients with clinical stage I non-small cell lung cancer between 1998 and 2012. Patients were compared across treatment groups, and trends in treatment and disease were evaluated over the 15-year time period...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470905/functional-outcomes-after-low-anterior-resection-an-important-consideration
#20
EDITORIAL
Samson Tou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
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