keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Septic arthritis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924736/-septic-arthritis-after-intra-articular-injection-is-rare-does-the-taskforce-infection-prevention-use-a-sledgehammer-to-crack-a-nut
#1
M L Bruens, H J van der Zaag-Loonen, F Steenstra, A M Stemerding, S Wijngaarden
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of septic arthritis (SA) after a joint puncture and reconsider the value of the hygiene measures stipulated by the Taskforce Infection Prevention (TIF). DESIGN: Prospective study. METHOD: We determined the number of joint punctures among general practitioners and specialists in the Apeldoorn area during a three-month period (from October 1, 2013 to December 31, 2013). Secondly, we performed an analysis on the incidence of SAs in this period and the subsequent month, and ascertained if these were related to a joint puncture...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917456/acute-septic-arthritis-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-derived-from-otitis-media-a-report-and-review-of-the-english-and-japanese-literature
#2
Shigeo Ishikawa, Tomoo Watanabe, Mitsuyoshi Iino
Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (SATMJ) is an extremely rare disease with characteristic features of preauricular pain, swelling, redness, and malocclusion. The present report describes a case of SATMJ derived from otitis media, which resulted in a good outcome. We also reviewed the English and Japanese literature with special interest in etiology. It is generally agreed that contiguous or distant infection and trauma are common etiological factors of SATMJ. So far, these etiological factors are mainly discussed based on hypotheses rather than sufficient evidence...
December 5, 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914160/infectious-postpartum-sacroiliitis-the-importance-and-difficulty-of-early-diagnosis
#3
Emídio Vale-Fernandes, Fedra Rodrigues, Carla Monteiro, Luís Carvalho
The sacroiliitis accounts for about 1.5% - 10% of all cases of septic arthritis and it is strongly associated with gynaecological infections, pelvic trauma or drug abuse (3.4% - 12.8% of cases occur during the postpartum period). Early diagnosis is difficult because the symptoms are nonspecific in pregnancy and in the postpartum period, making the delay of treatment a serious risk of irreversible damage to the joint and development of post-infectious complications. The authors describe the case of a 37-year-old puerperal woman presented to hospital, weeks after urgent caesarean section, with endometritis, post-anesthetic epidural hematoma and secondary infectious postpartum sacroiliitis...
August 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907047/rage-deficiency-impairs-bacterial-clearance-in-murine-staphylococcal-sepsis-but-has-no-significant-impact-on-staphylococcal-septic-arthritis
#4
Majd Mohammad, Manli Na, Amanda Welin, Mattias N D Svensson, Abukar Ali, Tao Jin, Rille Pullerits
BACKGROUND: Septic arthritis is a serious joint disease often caused by Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). Receptor for Advanced Glycation End products (RAGE) has an important role in several infections. We sought to investigate the role of RAGE in staphylococcal septic arthritis and sepsis in mice. METHODS: Wild-type (WT) and RAGE deficient (RAGE-/-) mice were intra-articularly or intravenously inoculated with an arthritic or septic dose of S. aureus LS-1 strain...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904045/puerarin-prevents-lps-induced-osteoclast-formation-and-bone-loss-via-inhibition-of-akt-activation
#5
Yun Zhang, Ming Yan, Qing-Feng Yu, Pei-Fan Yang, Hai-Dong Zhang, Yong-Hong Sun, Zhi-Fen Zhang, Yun-Feng Gao
Osteolysis induced by chronic Gram-negative bacterial infection underlies many bone diseases such as osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, and periodontitis. Drugs that inhibit lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced osteolysis are critically needed for the prevention of bone destruction in infective bone diseases. In this study, we assessed the effect of puerarin, a natural isoflavone isolated from Pueraria lobata OHWI root, on LPS-induced osteoclastogenesis and bone loss. Our in vitro study showed that puerarin significantly inhibited LPS-induced osteoclast differentiation from osteoclast precursor RAW264...
2016: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903001/right-in-front-of-our-eyes-evolution-of-streptococcal-toxic-shock-syndrome-with-ischemic-optic-neuropathy
#6
Salaheldin M Elhamamsy, Mazen O Al-Qadi, Taro Minami, Marguerite Neill
INTRODUCTION: Toxic shock syndrome occurs from dysregulation of host inflammatory responses. Toxin- producing strains of Group A streptococcus cause TSS. Ischemic optic neuropathy rarely complicates septic shock. We present a rare case of streptococcal pharyngitis complicated by septic arthritis and TSS with reversible blindness due to non-arteritic ischemic optic neuropathy. CASE: A 28-year-old man drove to our ED with exudative pharyngitis. A rapid streptococcal test was positive...
December 1, 2016: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901071/staphylococcus-aureus-dependent-septic-arthritis-in-murine-knee-joints-local-immune-response-and-beneficial-effects-of-vaccination
#7
Alessia Corrado, Paolo Donato, Silvia Maccari, Raffaella Cecchi, Tiziana Spadafina, Letizia Arcidiacono, Simona Tavarini, Chiara Sammicheli, Donatello Laera, Andrea Guido Oreste Manetti, Paolo Ruggiero, Bruno Galletti, Sandra Nuti, Ennio De Gregorio, Sylvie Bertholet, Anja Seubert, Fabio Bagnoli, Giuliano Bensi, Emiliano Chiarot
Staphylococcus aureus is the major cause of human septic arthritis and osteomyelitis, which deserve special attention due to their rapid evolution and resistance to treatment. The progression of the disease depends on both bacterial presence in situ and uncontrolled disruptive immune response, which is responsible for chronic disease. Articular and bone infections are often the result of blood bacteremia, with the knees and hips being the most frequently infected joints showing the worst clinical outcome. We report the development of a hematogenous model of septic arthritis in murine knees, which progresses from an acute to a chronic phase, similarly to what occurs in humans...
November 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900509/conversion-of-hip-fusion-to-total-hip-arthroplasty-clinical-radiological-outcomes-and-complications-in-40-hips
#8
Mustafa Celiktas, Ozkan Kose, Adil Turan, Ferhat Guler, Cagri Ors, Emre Togrul
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this retrospective study is to report the clinical and radiological outcome of total hip arthroplasty in patients with previous hip arthrodesis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 28 (40 hips) prospectively followed patients in whom ankylosed hips were converted to total hip arthroplasty (THA) between 2010 and 2014 in our institution. The average age at the time of the conversion operation was 40.8 ± 9.8 years (range 24-62)...
November 29, 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893701/the-signaling-adaptor-traf1-negatively-regulates-toll-like-receptor-signaling-and-this-underlies-its-role-in-rheumatic-disease
#9
Ali A Abdul-Sater, Maria I Edilova, Derek L Clouthier, Achire Mbanwi, Elisabeth Kremmer, Tania H Watts
TRAF1 is a signaling adaptor known for its role in tumor necrosis factor receptor-induced cell survival. Here we show that monocytes from healthy human subjects with a rheumatoid arthritis-associated single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the TRAF1 gene express less TRAF1 protein but greater amounts of inflammatory cytokines in response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The TRAF1 MATH domain binds directly to three components of the linear ubiquitination (LUBAC) complex, SHARPIN, HOIP and HOIL-1, to interfere with the recruitment and linear ubiquitination of NEMO...
November 28, 2016: Nature Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888847/mr-imaging-of-the-diabetic-foot
#10
REVIEW
Eoghan McCarthy, William B Morrison, Adam C Zoga
Abnormalities of the peripheral nervous, vascular, and immune systems contribute to the development of numerous foot and ankle pathologies in the diabetic population. Although radiographs remain the most practical first-line imaging tool, magnetic resonance (MR) is the tertiary imaging modality of choice, allowing for optimal assessment of bone and soft tissue abnormalities. MR allows for the accurate distinction between osteomyelitis/septic arthritis and neuropathic osteoarthropathy. Furthermore, it provides an excellent presurgical anatomic road map of involved tissues and devitalized skin to ensure successful limited amputations when required...
February 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875955/detection-the-mycoplasma-pneumonia-in-synovial-fluid-of-children-with-negative-culture-arthritis-a-cross-sectional-study-in-tehran-iran
#11
Samileh Noorbakhsh, Mohammad Reza Shokrollahi, Farideh Ebrahimi Taj, Vida Zarabi, Azardokht Tabatabaei
BACKGROUND: arthritis could be caused by different etiologies ranging from rheumatologic diseases to infectious conditions. Therefore, early diagnosis of etiology and treatment is important. The purpose of this study was to determine the the M.pneumonia in synovial fluid of children with arthritis by 2 methods (serology and qualitative PCR). Methods & materials: this trial was carried out as a cross sectional study in pediatric and orthopedic ward of Rasoul-e Akram hospital in Tehran, Iran...
November 21, 2016: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872954/osteitis-a-retrospective-feasibility-study-comparing-single-source-dual-energy-ct-to-mri-in-selected-patients-with-suspected-acute-gout
#12
Torsten Diekhoff, Michael Scheel, Sandra Hermann, Jürgen Mews, Bernd Hamm, Kay-Geert A Hermann
OBJECTIVE: Dual-energy computed tomography detects tophi in patients with chronic gout. However, other information that can be obtained from the same scan is not the focus of the current research, e.g., the detection of bone marrow edema (BME) using virtual bone marrow imaging (VBMI). The aim of this study was to evaluate if BME in patients with acute arthritis can be detected with VBMI using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as the standard of reference. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 11 patients who underwent both MRI and dual-energy computed tomography (mean interval of 40 days)...
November 21, 2016: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870814/the-contemporary-microbiology-and-rates-of-concomitant-osteomyelitis-in-acute-septic-arthritis
#13
Jessica Branson, Jesus G Vallejo, Anthony R Flores, Kristina G Hulten, Edward O Mason, Sheldon L Kaplan, J Chase McNeil
BACKGROUND: Septic arthritis (SA) and acute osteomyelitis (AO) are among the most common serious bacterial infections of childhood. Knowledge of the microbiology of SA is critical to treatment. Awareness of the presence of attendant AO is also important to guide clinical management. We sought to describe the current microbiology of SA in children as well as describe clinical features associated with coexisting AO. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with SA were identified from the infectious diseases consult service records from 2010-2014...
November 18, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867692/osteonecrosis-of-both-knees-in-a-woman-with-crohn-s-disease
#14
Mara Barbosa, José Cotter
Osteonecrosis is a very rare complication of Crohn's disease (CD). It is not clear if it is related to corticosteroid therapy or if it occurs as an extraintestinal manifestation of inflammatory bowel disease. We present the case of a patient with CD who presented with osteonecrosis of both knees. A 22 years old woman was diagnosed with CD in April 2012 (Montreal Classification A2L1 + L4B3p). She was started on prednisolone (40 mg/d), azathioprine (100 mg/d) and messalazine (3 g/d). In July 2012, due to active perianal disease, infliximab therapy was initiated...
November 6, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867536/life-threatening-mrsa-sepsis-with-bilateral-pneumonia-osteomyelitis-and-septic-arthritis-of-the-knee-in-a-previously-healthy-13-year-old-boy-a-case-report
#15
Nina Hardgrib, Michala Wang, Anne Grethe Jurik, Klaus K Petersen
The incidence and severity of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections are increasing and cause high mortality and morbidity. We describe the first pediatric case in Scandinavia with Panton-Valentine leucocidin (PVL) positive MRSA septicemia who developed bilateral pneumonia, arthritis of the knee, and osteomyelitis of the tibia. Radiological investigation and interpretation directed the treatment, especially the surgical debridement, and combined with clinical and biochemical findings lead to close interdisciplinary treatment with frequent surgical interventions and antimicrobial combination therapy...
October 2016: Acta Radiologica Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865316/soft-tissue-reconstruction-pyramid-for-the-diabetic-charcot-foot
#16
REVIEW
Claire M Capobianco, Thomas Zgonis
Foot and ankle ulcerations in patients with diabetic Charcot neuroarthropathy (DCN) occur frequently and can be challenging to address surgically when conservative care fails. Patients with acute or chronic diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) are at continued risk for development of osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, gas gangrene, and potential lower extremity amputation. Concurrent vasculopathy and peripheral neuropathy as well as uncontrolled medical comorbidities complicate the treatment approach. In addition, pathomechanical forces left untreated may contribute to DFU recurrence in this patient population...
January 2017: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860433/whipple-destructive-septic-arthritis
#17
Xavier Puéchal, Jonathan London
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2016: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853597/first-diagnosis-of-septic-arthritis-in-a-dinosaur
#18
Jennifer Anné, Brandon P Hedrick, Jason P Schein
Identification and interpretation of pathologies in the fossil record allows for unique insights into the life histories of extinct organisms. However, the rarity of such finds limits not only the sample size for palaeopathologic studies, but also the types of analyses that may be performed. In this study, we present the first occurrence of a palaeopathology in a vertebrate from the Mesozoic of the East Coast of North America (Appalachia), a pathologic ulna and radius of an indeterminate hadrosaur from the Navesink Formation (New Jersey)...
August 2016: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848164/septic-arthritis-due-to-legionella-cincinnatiensis-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Florian Banderet, Annette Blaich, Evelin Soleman, Valeria Gaia, Michael Osthoff
Legionella spp. are an important cause of pulmonary and rarely extrapulmonary infections. L. cincinnatiensis has only been implicated in five cases to date. We herein report the first case of L. cincinnatiensis septic arthritis in a 90-year old lady with a past medical history of chronic kidney disease. She developed septic arthritis of her left wrist after having received intraarticular corticosteroid injections and oral corticosteroids administered for presumed chondrocalcinosis. Appropriate antimicrobial treatment of L...
November 15, 2016: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843733/clinical-effectiveness-of-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-following-surgical-resection-of-sternoclavicular-joint-infection-a-case-report
#20
Michelle Nguyen, Susan D Moffatt-Bruce, Robert E Merritt, Desmond M D'Souza
Septic arthritis of the sternoclavicular joint (SCJ) is a rare condition accounting for 0.5% of bone and joint infections. The majority of cases require joint resection and advancement flaps to provide coverage to the resulting wound defect. However, in the setting of an infected wound space, surgeons are often inclined to allow wound healing by secondary intention. Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) can be an important adjunct to promote and shorten wound healing time following SCJ resection.
October 4, 2016: Curēus
keyword
keyword
11832
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"