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Queeny Ip, Daniel C Malone, Jenny Chong, Robin B Harris, David M Labiner
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and incidence of epilepsy among beneficiaries of Arizona Medicare aged 65 and over. METHODS: An analysis of Medicare administrative claims data for 2009-2011 for the State of Arizona was conducted. Epilepsy was defined as a beneficiary who had either≥one claim with diagnostic code of 345.xx (epilepsy) or at least two claims with diagnosis code of 780.3x (seizure) ≥30days apart. Stroke-related and psychiatric comorbidities were determined by diagnostic codes...
December 5, 2017: Epilepsy Research
Hayley L Bruce, Paul A Barrow, Andrew N Rycroft
The prevalence of Salmonella in chelonians is not known in the UK and it is not clear whether such Salmonella strains would be pathogenic for human beings. Some strains, such as members of the Arizonae subgroup, may be unable to cause anything more than very mild disease. To determine the carriage of Salmonella in pet tortoises, cloacal swabs were taken for culture. Salmonella enterica Group D was isolated from 5 of the 89 samples. All five were from the same household of seven tortoises. Salmonella isolates were shown by PCR to carry the invA and spiC genes associated with pathogenicity islands 1 and 2...
December 7, 2017: Veterinary Record
Meg Bruening, Marc A Adams, Punam Ohri-Vachaspati, Jane Hurley
PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence of school salad bars in Arizona and to describe common practices of salad bar use among school nutrition managers across grade level. DESIGN: Cross-sectional web-based surveys. PARTICIPANTS: School nutrition managers from elementary, middle, high, and K-12 schools (N = 648). MEASURES: Prevalence of salad bars; implementation practices such as years with salad bar, salad bar type, location, monitor, and reimbursement practices; and food-related components of salad bars including frequency of items, popular items, and sources of food...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Catherine A Richards, Andrew G Rundle, Jason D Wright, Dawn L Hershman
Importance: Hospital financial distress (HFD) is a state in which a hospital is at risk of closure because of its financial condition. Hospital financial distress may reduce the services a hospital can offer, particularly unprofitable ones. Few studies have assessed the association of HFD with quality of care. Objective: To examine the association between HFD and receipt of immediate breast reconstruction surgery after mastectomy among women diagnosed with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS)...
December 6, 2017: JAMA Surgery
Ann Blair Kennedy
I feel that it is important to know the stories behind those who are working hard in the field to bring forward massage therapy research. Interviews with massage therapy researchers will now occasionally be included in the Journal as a new editorial feature. The first interview is with Virginia S. Cowen, PhD, LMT a New York State-licensed and NCB board-certified massage therapist with a PhD from Arizona State. She first became interested in massage therapy research while in massage therapy school, and her most recent work is investigating the integration of massage therapy into medical settings...
December 2017: International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork
Andreas D Meid, Irene Bighelli, Sarah Mächler, Gerd Mikus, Giuseppe Carrà, Mariasole Castellazzi, Claudio Lucii, Giovanni Martinotti, Michela Nosè, Giovanni Ostuzzi, Corrado Barbui, Walter E Haefeli
Background: Whether arrhythmia risks will increase if drugs with electrocardiographic (ECG) QT-prolonging properties are combined is generally supposed but not well studied. Based on available evidence, the Arizona Center for Education and Research on Therapeutics (AZCERT) classification defines the risk of QT prolongation for exposure to single drugs. We aimed to investigate how combining AZCERT drug categories impacts QT duration and how relative drug exposure affects the extent of pharmacodynamic drug-drug interactions...
December 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
Michelle Blumenschine, Marc Adams, Meg Bruening
BACKGROUND: Rural children consume more calories per day on average than urban children, and they are less likely to consume fruit. Self-service salad bars have been proposed as an effective approach to better meet the National School Lunch Program's fruit and vegetable recommendations. No studies have examined how rural and urban schools differ in the implementation of school salad bars. OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of school-lunch salad bars and differences in implementation between urban and rural Arizona schools...
November 30, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Katherine Selchau, Maricela Babuca, Kara Bower, Yara Castro, Eugenie Coakley, Araceli Flores, Jonah O Garcia, Maria Lourdes F Reyes, Yvonne Rojas, Jason Rubin, Deanne Samuels, Laura Shattuck
Background First trimester prenatal care (FTPNC) is associated with improved birth outcomes. U.S.-Mexico border Hispanic women have lower FTPNC than non-border or non-Hispanic women. This study aimed to identify (1) what demographic, knowledge and care-seeking factors influence FTPNC among Hispanic women in border counties served by five Healthy Start sites, and (2) what FTPNC barriers may be unique to this target population. Healthy Starts work to eliminate disparities in perinatal health in areas with high poverty and poor birth outcomes...
December 1, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Giancarlo Salsano, Matteo Trezzi, Matteo Barattini, Franca Puccianti, Nicola Romano, Tito Zattera, Nadia Chiappini, Francesco Londrino, Davide Rolla, Teseo Stefanini
INTRODUCTION: The study evaluated the Heparin Bioactive Surface (HBS) Viabahn Stent (W.L. Gore & Associates, -Flagstaff, Arizona) efficacy in the maintenance or re-establishment of hemodialysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty HBS Viabahn stents deployed in 37 consecutive patients with hemodialysis dysfunction from January 2008 to May 2016 were evaluated in a single-institution retrospective review.Outcomes were stent patency intended as primary circuit patency (PP), assisted primary patency (APP), target lesion primary patency (TLPP) and secondary patency (SP)...
November 25, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
Qasim Khan, Mohammad Ismail, Sehrash Khan
BACKGROUND: Cancer patients may receive a high number of medications with the potential to prolong QT interval and subsequent TdP (torsades de pointes). This study aimed to identify the prevalence of QT prolonging drugs, their TdP risk, QT prolonging drug-drug interactions (QT-DDIs), levels, predictors, and TdP risk of drugs involved in QT-DDIs. METHODS: This multicenter study included cancer patients from three major tertiary care hospitals of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan...
December 1, 2017: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
Glenn Smith, Melanie Chandler, Dona Ec Locke, Julie Fields, Vaishali Phatak, Julia Crook, Sherrie Hanna, Angela Lunde, Miranda Morris, Michelle Graff-Radford, Christine A Hughes, Susan Lepore, Andrea Cuc, Maria Caselli, Duane Hurst, Jennifer Wethe, Andrea Francone, Jeanne Eilertsen, Pauline Lucas, Charlene Hoffman Snyder, LeeAnn Kuang, Marigrace Becker, Pamela Dean, Nancy Diehl, Marvin Lofquist, Shirley Vanderhook, Diana Myles, Denise Cochran
BACKGROUND: Currently, people at risk for dementia and their caregivers are confronted with confusing choices about what behavioral interventions are most effective. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine which empirically supported behavioral interventions most impact the outcomes highly valued by patients with mild cognitive impairment and their partners. METHODS: This protocol describes a comparative effectiveness trial targeting 300 participants with mild cognitive impairment and their study partners...
November 27, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
Doyle C Wilson
Heavy metal, nutrient, and hydrocarbon levels in and adjacent to Lake Havasu, a regionally significant water supply reservoir with a highly controlled, dynamic flow regime, are assessed in relation to possible stormwater runoff impacts from an arid urban center. Shallow groundwater and sediment analyses from ephemeral drainage (wash) mouths that convey stormwater runoff from Lake Havasu City, Arizona to the reservoir, provided contaminant control points and correlation ties with the reservoir environment. Fine-grain sediments tend to contain higher heavy metal concentrations whereas nutrients are more evenly distributed, except low total organic carbon levels from young wash mouth surfaces devoid of vegetation...
November 23, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Marcos D Robles, Dale S Turner, Jeanmarie A Haney
The continued provision of water from rivers in the southwestern United States to downstream cities, natural communities and species is at risk due to higher temperatures and drought conditions in recent decades. Snowpack and snowfall levels have declined, snowmelt and peak spring flows are arriving earlier, and summer flows have declined. Concurrent to climate change and variation, a century of fire suppression has resulted in dramatic changes to forest conditions, and yet, few studies have focused on determining the degree to which changing forests have altered flows...
2017: PloS One
Wenfei Zhu, Yuliang Sun, Jonathan Kurka, Carrie Geremia, Jessa K Engelberg, Kelli Cain, Terry Conway, James F Sallis, Steven P Hooker, Marc A Adams
Background: To test inter-rater reliability of the online Microscale Audit of Pedestrian Streetscapes (MAPS) tool between raters with varying familiarities of Phoenix, Arizona. Methods: The online MAPS tool, based on the MAPS in-field audit tool and scoring system, was used for audits. Sixty route pairs, 141 segment pairs, and 92 crossing pairs in Phoenix were included. Each route, segment or crossing was audited by two independent raters: one rater in Phoenix and the other in San Diego, California, respectively...
November 2017: Landscape and Urban Planning
Stephanie L Ayers, Stephen Kulis, Monica Tsethlikai
Urban American Indian (AI) families often "live in two worlds," and widely used parenting measures may not adequately capture their parenting styles. Drawing from baseline surveys of AI parents living in 3 urban communities in Arizona (n = 606), this study examines the applicability of using 6 previously validated measures with urban AI parents: parent self-agency, parental supervision, positive parenting practices, discipline, family cohesion, and parent-adolescent conflict. A 4-step factor analytic sequential procedure was employed, and results indicate the only measure remaining as a single factor is discipline...
March 2017: Journal of Community Psychology
Robert L Crocker, Amy J Grizzle, Jason T Hurwitz, Rick A Rehfeld, Ivo Abraham, Randy Horwitz, Andrew Weil, Victoria Maizes
BACKGROUND: The University of Arizona Integrative Health Center (UAIHC) was an innovative integrative medicine (IM) adult primary care clinic in Phoenix, Arizona. UAIHC used a hybrid payment model to deliver comprehensive healthcare that includes conventional and complementary medical treatments. METHODS: Fidelity measures were collected to evaluate how well the IM care delivery process matched ideals for IM. Patient experiences are presented here. Patients visiting UAIHC on 1 of 10 randomly selected days between September 2013 and February 2015 were surveyed...
November 15, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Mark C Hornbrook, Martha D Cobb, Nancy J Tallman, Janice Colwell, Ruth McCorkle, Elizabeth Ercolano, Marcia Grant, Virginia Sun, Christopher S Wendel, Judith H Hibbard, Robert S Krouse
OBJECTIVE: To measure incremental expenses to an oncologic surgical practice for delivering a community-based, ostomy nurse-led, small-group, behavior skills-training intervention to help bladder and colorectal cancer survivors understand and adjust to their ostomies and improve their health-related quality of life, as well as assist family caregivers to understand survivors' needs and provide appropriate supportive care. METHODS: The intervention was a five-session group behavior skills training in ostomy self-management following the principles of the Chronic Care Model...
November 14, 2017: Psycho-oncology
Andrew Halterman, Sinan Sousan, Thomas M Peters
In 2016, the Mine Safety and Health Administration required the use of continuous monitors to measure respirable dust in mines and better protect miner health. The Personal Dust Monitor, PDM3700, has met stringent performance criteria for this purpose. In a laboratory study, respirable mass concentrations measured with the PDM3700 and a photometer (personal DataRam, pDR-1500) were compared to those measured gravimetrically for five aerosols of varying refractive index and density (diesel exhaust fume, welding fume, coal dust, Arizona road dust (ARD), and salt [NaCl] aerosol) at target concentrations of 0...
November 9, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Aaron B Switalski, Heather L Bateman
Anthropogenic water sources (AWS) are developed water sources used as a management tool for desert wildlife species. Studies documenting the effects of AWS are often focused on game species; whereas, the effects on non-target wildlife are less understood. We used live trapping techniques to investigate rodent abundance, biomass, and diversity metrics near AWS and paired control sites; we sampled vegetation to determine rodent-habitat associations in the Sauceda Mountains of the Sonoran Desert in Arizona. A total of 370 individual mammals representing three genera and eight species were captured in 4,800 trap nights from winter 2011 to spring 2012...
2017: PeerJ
Deborah L Matthews
Oxyptilus eleaneraesp. n., is described from New Mexico, Arizona, and Southwest Texas, and compared with the only other Oxyptilus occurring in the Nearctic Region, O. delawaricus Zeller. A redescription is provided for O. delawaricus. Adults and male and female genitalia are illustrated for both species. Key morphological characters, distributions, and relationships within the genus are discussed.
2017: ZooKeys
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