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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451814/variability-in-asthma-quality-and-costs-in-children-with-different-medicaid-insurance-plans-in-maricopa-county
#1
Matthew Rank, Natalie Landman, Gevork Harootunian, Michelle Winscott, Neil Jain, Keith Frey, Gena Wilson, Rupali Drewek, Lilia Parra-Roide, Charlton Wilson, Robert Smoldt, Denis Cortese
OBJECTIVE: To describe the variation in asthma quality and costs among children with different Medicaid insurance plans. METHODS: We used 2013 data from the Center for Health Information and Research, which houses a database that includes individuals who have Medicaid insurance in Arizona. We analyzed children ages 2-17 years-old who lived in Maricopa County, Arizona. Asthma medication ratio (AMR, a measure of appropriate asthma medication use), outpatient follow-up within 2 weeks after asthma-related hospitalization (a measure of continuity of care), asthma-related hospitalizations, and all emergency department (ED) visits were the primary quality metrics...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449174/survival-of-salmonella-spp-in-minced-meat-packaged-under-vacuum-and-modified-atmosphere
#2
Jasna Djordjević, Marija Bošković, Marija Starčević, Jelena Ivanović, Nedjeljko Karabasil, Mirjana Dimitrijević, Ivana Branković Lazić, Milan Ž Baltić
The effect of different modified atmosphere packaging regimes on the behavior of Salmonella spp. on minced meat was studied. Minced meat was experimentally contaminated with a Salmonella spp. cocktail (S. Enteritidis, S. Typhimurium, S. Infantis and S. Arizonae), packaged under vacuum or modified atmosphere with initial headspaces containing 20%O 2 /50%CO 2 /30%N 2 and 20%O 2 /30%CO 2 /50%N 2 ) and stored at 3±1°C for 12 days. Samples were analyzed for Salmonella spp., viable and lactic acid bacteria count every third day...
February 12, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448885/-recognize-our-humanity-immigrant-youth-voices-on-health-care-in-arizona-s-restrictive-political-environment
#3
Sofía Gómez, Heide Castañeda
The "DACAmented Voices in Healthcare" project examined the intersection of restrictive immigration policies and health care via photovoice, a participatory action research approach, with immigrant youth living in Arizona, who were recipients of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program. These "DACAmented" youth took part in nine photovoice sessions exploring their health care experiences and accessibility to care using documentary photography and narratives. They poignantly illustrated their experiences through images identifying their main health concerns and strengths, facilitating the development of health policy recommendations...
February 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447156/west-nile-and-st-louis-encephalitis-viral-genetic-determinants-of-avian-host-competence
#4
Payal D Maharaj, Angela M Bosco-Lauth, Stanley A Langevin, Michael Anishchenko, Richard A Bowen, William K Reisen, Aaron C Brault
West Nile virus (WNV) and St. Louis encephalitis (SLEV) virus are enzootically maintained in North America in cycles involving the same mosquito vectors and similar avian hosts. However, these viruses exhibit dissimilar viremia and virulence phenotypes in birds: WNV is associated with high magnitude viremias that can result in mortality in certain species such as American crows (AMCRs, Corvus brachyrhynchos) whereas SLEV infection yields lower viremias that have not been associated with avian mortality. Cross-neutralization of these viruses in avian sera has been proposed to explain the reduced circulation of SLEV since the introduction of WNV in North America; however, in 2015, both viruses were the etiologic agents of concurrent human encephalitis outbreaks in Arizona, indicating the need to re-evaluate host factors and cross-neutralization responses as factors potentially affecting viral co-circulation...
February 15, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434487/new-hairworm-nematomorpha-gordiida-species-described-from-the-arizona-madrean-sky-islands
#5
Rachel J Swanteson-Franz, Destinie A Marquez, Craig I Goldstein, Andreas Schmidt-Rhaesa, Matthew G Bolek, Ben Hanelt
Gordiids, or freshwater hairworms, are members of the phylum Nematomorpha that use terrestrial definitive hosts (arthropods) and live as adults in rivers, lakes, or streams. The genus Paragordius consists of 18 species, one of which was described from the Nearctic in 1851. More than 150 years later, we are describing a second Paragordius species from a unique habitat within the Nearctic; the Madrean Sky Island complex. The Madrean Sky Islands are a series of isolated high mountains in northern Mexico and the southwestern United States (Arizona and New Mexico), and are well known for their high diversity and endemicity...
2018: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433471/mortality-estimates-among-adult-patients-with-severe-acute-respiratory-infections-from-two-sentinel-hospitals-in-southern-arizona-united-states-2010-2014
#6
Steve R Barnes, Zimy Wansaula, Kristen Herrick, Eyal Oren, Kacey Ernst, Sonja J Olsen, Mariana G Casal
BACKGROUND: From October 2010 through February 2016, Arizona conducted surveillance for severe acute respiratory infections (SARI) among adults hospitalized in the Arizona-Mexico border region. There are few accurate mortality estimates in SARI patients, particularly in adults ≥ 65 years old. The purpose of this study was to generate mortality estimates among SARI patients that include deaths occurring shortly after hospital discharge and identify risk factors for mortality. METHODS: Patients admitted to two sentinel hospitals between 2010 and 2014 who met the SARI case definition were enrolled...
February 12, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426612/pharmacist-prescriptive-authority-for-smoking-cessation-medications-in-the-united-states
#7
Alex J Adams, Karen Suchanek Hudmon
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the status of state laws regarding the expansion of pharmacists' prescriptive authority for smoking cessation medications and to summarize frequently asked questions and answers that arose during the associated legislative debates. DATA SOURCES: Legislative language was reviewed and summarized for all states with expanded authority, and literature supporting the pharmacist's capacity for an expanded role in smoking cessation is described...
February 6, 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424122/abstracts-of-the-american-psychosocial-oncology-society-15th-annual-conference-22-24-february-2018-tucson-arizona
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424113/effect-of-a-matter-of-balance-programme-on-avoidance-behaviour-due-to-fear-of-falling-in-older-adults
#9
Cecelia Sartor-Glittenberg, Elton Bordenave, Curt Bay, Lori Bordenave, Jeffrey L Alexander
BACKGROUND: Fear of falling (FOF) is associated with restricted activities, increased risk of falling, and decreased quality of life. A Matter of Balance (AMOB) is an evidence-based programme designed to decrease FOF. The current study investigated the influence of the AMOB on activity avoidance caused by FOF in older adults using the Fear of Falling Avoidance Behavior Questionnaire (FFABQ), health-related quality of life, and a question regarding concerns about falling. METHODS: Participants of this quasi-experimental, one-group, pretest-post-test study design were older adults from community sites in the Phoenix, Arizona, metropolitan area...
February 8, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422910/population-genetic-structure-in-glyphosate-resistant-and-susceptible-palmer-amaranth-amaranthus-palmeri-populations-using-genotyping-by-sequencing-gbs
#10
Anita Küpper, Harish K Manmathan, Darci Giacomini, Eric L Patterson, William B McCloskey, Todd A Gaines
Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) is a major weed in United States cotton and soybean production systems. Originally native to the Southwest, the species has spread throughout the country. In 2004 a population of A. palmeri was identified with resistance to glyphosate, a herbicide heavily relied on in modern no-tillage and transgenic glyphosate-resistant (GR) crop systems. This project aims to determine the degree of genetic relatedness among eight different populations of GR and glyphosate-susceptible (GS) A...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416953/redescription-of-calyptosuchus-stagonolepis-wellesi-archosauria-pseudosuchia-aetosauria-from-the-late-triassic-of-the-southwestern-united-states-with-a-discussion-of-genera-in-vertebrate-paleontology
#11
William G Parker
Calyptosuchus wellesi is a medium-sized desmatosuchian aetosaur common in Adamanian (early to middle Norian) age rocks from the Chinle Formation and Dockum Group of the Western United States. Known chiefly from osteoderms, this taxon has never been fully described and non-osteoderm material assigned to Calyptosuchus has been done so based on questionable criteria. Mapping of aetosaurian elements from the Placerias Quarry allows for the recognition of associated material providing support for referrals of non-osteoderm material...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416399/ten-unique-and-charismatic-new-species-of-microgastrinae-wasps-hymenoptera-braconidae-from-north-america
#12
Jose Fernandez-Triana
Ten new species within four genera of Microgastrinae parasitoid wasps (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) are described from Canada and United States: Diolcogaster ichiroi, Diolcogaster miamensis, Glyptapanteles pseudotsugae, Microgaster archboldensis, Microgaster syntopic, Microplitis altissimus, Microplitis jorgeluisi, Microplitis juanmanueli, Microplitis julioalbertoi, and Microplitis mariamargaritae. The new taxa are significant because they represent the first North American records of a tropical group (species of the basimacula group in Diolcogaster), exemplify interesting ecological cases (niche-based host selection in Glyptapanteles, syntopic species in Microgaster), and showcase unique morphological features and/or altitudinal records (Microplitis)...
2018: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416392/two-new-genera-of-metalmark-butterflies-of-north-and-central-america-lepidoptera-riodinidae
#13
Marysol Trujano-Ortega, Uri Omar García-Vázquez, Curtis J Callaghan, Omar Ávalos-Hernández, Moisés Armando Luis-Martínez, Jorge Enrique Llorente-Bousquets
Two new genera of Riodinidae (Insecta: Lepidoptera) are described, Neoapodemia Trujano-Ortega, gen. n. (Neoapodemia nais (W. H. Edwards, 1876), comb. n., N. chisosensis Freeman, 1964, comb. n.) and Plesioarida Trujano-Ortega & García-Vázquez, gen. n. (Plesioarida palmerii palmerii (W. H. Edwards, 1870), comb. n., P. palmerii arizona (Austin, [1989]), comb. n., P. palmerii australis (Austin, [1989]), comb. n., P. hepburni hepburni (Godman & Salvin, 1886), comb. n., P. hepburni remota (Austin, 1991), comb. n...
2018: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416081/the-yield-difference-between-wild-type-cotton-and-transgenic-cotton-that-expresses-ipt-depends-on-when-water-deficit-stress-is-applied
#14
Xunlu Zhu, Li Sun, Sundaram Kuppu, Rongbin Hu, Neelam Mishra, Jennifer Smith, Nardana Esmaeili, Maheshika Herath, Michael A Gore, Paxton Payton, Guoxin Shen, Hong Zhang
Drought is the No. 1 factor that limits agricultural production in the world, thus, making crops more drought tolerant is a major goal in agriculture. Many genes with functions in abiotic stress tolerance were identified, and overexpression of these genes confers increased drought tolerance in transgenic plants. The isopentenyltransferase gene (IPT) that encodes a rate limiting enzyme in cytokinin biosynthesis is one of them. Interestingly, when IPT-transgenic cotton was field-tested at two different sites, Texas and Arizona, different results were obtained...
February 7, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403135/a-12-week-comparative-prospective-open-label-randomized-controlled-study-in-depression-patients-treated-with-vilazodone-and-escitalopram-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-north-india
#15
Manish Bathla, Shazia Anjum, Manpreet Singh, Saminder Panchal, Gurvinder Pal Singh
Background: Depression is a leading cause of morbidity in modern world and introduction of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) was a revolution for treating depression. However, sexual dysfunction and weight gain always remained an issue for patients leading to discontinuation of treatment. Vilazodone is a novel SSRI and literature show better efficacy and decrease weight gain and sexual dysfunction. Aim of study: This study aims to compare the efficacy, sexual dysfunction, and weight gain caused due to vilazodone and escitalopram...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389767/outcomes-of-donation-after-cardiac-death-liver-grafts-from-donors-%C3%A2-50-years-of-age-a-multi-center-analysis
#16
Kristopher P Croome, Amit K Mathur, David D Lee, Adyr A Moss, Charles B Rosen, Julie K Heimbach, C Burcin Taner
INTRODUCTION: As the population in the United States continues to age, an increase in the number of potential DCD donors with advanced chronological age can be expected. The aim of this study was to analyze a multi-institutional experience in liver transplantation using DCD donor age ≥50 years. METHODS: All DCD LT performed at Mayo Clinic Florida, Mayo Clinic Rochester and Mayo Clinic Arizona from 2002-2016 were included. Recipients of DCD LT were divided into 2 groups: those with donor age ≥50 years(N=155) and those with donor age <50 years(N=316)...
January 31, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386262/evaluation-of-the-accelerate-pheno%C3%A2-system-results-from-two-academic-medical-centers
#17
Joseph D Lutgring, Cassiana Bittencourt, Erin McElvania TeKippe, Dominick Cavuoti, Rita Hollaway, Eileen M Burd
Rapid diagnostic tests are needed to improve patient care and to combat the problem of antimicrobial resistance. The Accelerate Pheno™ system (Accelerate Diagnostics, Tucson, Arizona) is a new diagnostic device that can provide rapid bacterial identification and antimicrobial susceptibility test (AST) results directly from a positive blood culture. This device was compared against the standard of care at two academic medical centers. There were 298 blood cultures included in this study and the Accelerate Pheno™ system provided a definitive identification result in 218 instances (73...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384585/continuing-education-preferences-facilitators-and-barriers-for-nursing-home-nurses
#18
Mary J Dyck, Myoung Jin Kim
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to determine the continuing education needs for nursing home nurses in rural central Illinois and to determine any potential facilitators or barriers to obtaining continuing education. METHOD: Data were collected using the Educational Needs Assessment questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were computed to examine continuing education preferences, facilitators, and barriers among nursing home nurses. Independent samples t tests were used to compare preferences between administrative and staff nurses...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384026/evaluation-of-an-academic-community-partnership-to-implement-mtm-services-in-rural-communities-to-improve-pharmaceutical-care-for-patients-with-diabetes-and-or-hypertension
#19
Melissa Johnson, Rebecca Jastrzab, Jared Tate, Kate Johnson, Elizabeth Hall-Lipsy, Rose Martin, Ann M Taylor, Terri Warholak
BACKGROUND: Although the current methods of medication therapy management (MTM) delivery have demonstrably improved therapeutic, safety, economic, and humanistic health outcomes, patient- and prescriber-level barriers persist, limiting its reach and effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: To assess telephonic- and community-based clinical pharmacy services in improving health indicators for rural, underserved patients. METHODS: In 2014, an established MTM provider created a novel, collaborative pilot program with independent retail and community health center pharmacies to provide comprehensive, telephonic MTM services to rural Arizonans...
February 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379965/association-between-undergraduate-performance-predictors-and-academic-and-clinical-performance-of-osteopathic-medical-students
#20
Farshad Agahi, Mark R Speicher, Grace Cisek
Context: Medical schools use a variety of preadmission indices to select potential students. These indices generally include undergraduate grade point average (GPA), Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) scores, and preadmission interviews. Objective: To investigate whether the admission indices used by Midwestern University Arizona College of Osteopathic Medicine are associated with the academic and clinical performance of their students. Methods: Associations between the prematriculation variables of undergraduate science GPA, undergraduate total GPA, MCAT component scores, and interview scores and the academic and clinical variables of the first- and second-year medical school GPA, Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination-USA (COMLEX-USA) Level 1 and Level 2-Cognitive Evaluation (CE) total and discipline scores, scores in clinical rotations for osteopathic competencies, COMLEX-USA Level 2-Performance Evaluation passage, and match status were evaluated...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
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