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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818507/optimizing-quality-of-endoscopy-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-focus-on-surveillance-and-management-of-colorectal-dysplasia-using-interactive-image-and-video-based-teaching
#1
Tonya R Kaltenbach, Roy M Soetikno, Rebecca DeVivo, Loren A Laine, Alan Barkun, Kenneth R McQuaid
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Varying recommendations regarding the detection and management of dysplasia can lead to uncertainty and may have impeded the uptake of strategies that could improve surveillance in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). As such, an educational event was held to assist in disseminating the recently published Surveillance for Colorectal Endoscopic Neoplasia Detection and Management in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients: International Consensus Recommendations (SCENIC)...
August 14, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817305/foot-massage-touch-and-presence-in-decreasing-anxiety-during-a-magnetic-resonance-imaging-a-feasibility-study
#2
Rajni Parmar, Barbara B Brewer, Laura A Szalacha
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to determine (1) recruitment feasibility; (2) intervention adherence; (3) intervention acceptability; and (4) the preliminary effects of touch or foot massage interventions on anxiety during a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). DESIGN: A quasi-experimental design was used. INTERVENTION: Foot massage and touch were the intervention groups and "presence" was the control group. SETTING: The study was conducted at the Center for Neurosciences, a freestanding facility, in southern Arizona...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814357/association-of-aeroallergen-sensitization-and-atopic-disease-in-the-sonoran-desert
#3
Ryan D Buckley, Tara F Carr
BACKGROUND: Numerous aeroallergens have been associated with the development of asthma, including Alternaria, house-dust mite, and pet dander. Tucson, Arizona, is located in the Sonoran Desert, which has the highest diversity of vegetation of any desert in the world. Given the unique pollen profile in this region, we sought to identify the most common aeroallergens associated with rhinitis and asthma diagnosis in the local adult population. OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of aeroallergen sensitivity in the Tucson adult population and to identify which aeroallergens are associated with a diagnosis of asthma...
September 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811115/recurrence-of-cutaneous-coccidioidomycosis-6-years-after-valley-fever-a-case-presentation-and-literature-review
#4
Rana Shahab, Nasir K Amra, Rola Rabah, Justin Saunar, Joan Soriano, Jaffar A Al-Tawfiq
Coccidioidomycosis is usually acquired by inhalation of spores of Coccidioides immitis and C. posadasii. The disease ranges from a self-limited acute pneumonia (Valley Fever) to a disseminated disease. We present a 44-year-old healthy male who had patchy hair loss of several months duration resembling discoid lupus. He developed a firm non-scaly red plaque on the right forehead. Initial biopsy showed spongiotic dermatitis, and he was treated with systemic steroids. He then developed forehead and periorbital cellulitis and was treated with systemic antibiotics...
July 8, 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808000/vibrio-cholerae-type-6-secretion-system-effector-trafficking-in-target-bacterial-cells
#5
Brian T Ho, Yang Fu, Tao G Dong, John J Mekalanos
The type 6 secretion system (T6SS) is used by many Gram-negative bacterial species to deliver toxic effector proteins into nearby bacteria prey cells to kill or inhibit their growth. VgrG proteins are core conserved secretion substrates of the T6SS and one subset of T6SS effectors consists of VgrG proteins with C-terminal extension domains carrying various enzymatic activities. In Vibrio cholerae, VgrG3 has a hydrolase extension domain and degrades peptidoglycan in the periplasm of target bacteria. In this study, we replaced this domain with a nuclease domain from Salmonella enterica subsp...
August 14, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805253/temporal-association-of-implementation-of-the-arizona-health-care-cost-containment-system-ahcccs-with-changes-in-dental-related-emergency-department-visits-in-maricopa-county-from-2006-to-2012
#6
Ahmed Mohamed, Brooke Alhanti, Mac McCullough, Kate Goodin, Kirsten Roling, Larry Glickman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in emergency department (ED) dental-related visits in Maricopa County before and after the elimination of dental benefits for adult Medicaid-insured patients as of October 2010. METHODS: Hospital visits extracted from a hospital discharge dataset were used to calculate a yearly rate ratio of dental-related versus non-dental-related ED visits (as a comparison group) for adults, children, and payer types. Changes in ED visits over time were evaluated from 2006 to 2012...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801207/crediblemeds-org-what-does-it-offer
#7
REVIEW
Raymond L Woosley, Kristin Black, C William Heise, Klaus Romero
Since the 1990s, when numerous non-cardiac drugs were first recognized to have the potential to prolong the QT interval and cause torsades de pointes (TdP), clinicians, drug regulators, drug developers, and clinical investigators have become aware of the complexities of assessing evidence and determining TdP causality for the many drugs being marketed or under development. To facilitate better understanding, the Arizona Center for Education and Research on Therapeutics, known as AZCERT, has developed the CredibleMeds...
August 1, 2017: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797652/geographic-variation-in-opioid-and-heroin-involved-drug-poisoning-mortality-rates
#8
Christopher J Ruhm
INTRODUCTION: An important barrier to formulating effective policies to address the rapid rise in U.S. fatal overdoses is that the specific drugs involved are frequently not identified on death certificates. This analysis supplies improved estimates of state opioid and heroin involved drug fatality rates in 2014, and changes from 2008 to 2014. METHODS: Reported mortality rates were calculated directly from death certificates and compared to corrected rates that imputed drug involvement when no drug was specified...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796756/notes-from-the-field-increase-in-coccidioidomycosis-california-2016
#9
Gail Sondermeyer Cooksey, Alyssa Nguyen, Kirsten Knutson, Farzaneh Tabnak, Kaitlin Benedict, Orion McCotter, Seema Jain, Duc Vugia
Coccidioidomycosis, or Valley Fever, is an infectious disease caused by inhalation of Coccidioides spp. spores (1). This soil-dwelling fungus is endemic in the southwestern United States, with most (97%) U.S. cases reported from Arizona and California (1,2). Following an incubation period of 1-3 weeks, symptomatic patients most often experience self-limited, influenza-like symptoms, but coccidioidomycosis also can lead to severe pulmonary disease and to rare cases of disseminated disease, including meningitis (1)...
August 11, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789817/results-of-stent-graft-placement-to-treat-cephalic-arch-stenosis-in-hemodialysis-patients-with-dysfunctional-brachiocephalic-arteriovenous-fistulas
#10
Robert G Jones, Andrew P Willis, Karen Tullett, Peter L Riley
PURPOSE: To determine effectiveness of the VIABAHN (W.L. Gore & Associates, Flagstaff, Arizona) stent graft to treat cephalic arch stenosis in patients with dysfunctional brachiocephalic arteriovenous fistulas after inadequate venoplasty response. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2012 and 2015, patients with failed venoplasty of symptomatic cephalic arch stenosis received a VIABAHN stent graft. Follow-up venography was performed at approximately 3, 6, and 12 months...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783907/application-of-phytoscreening-to-three-hazardous-waste-sites-in-arizona
#11
Candice M Duncan, Jon Mainhagu, Kayla Virgone, Denise Moreno Ramírez, Mark L Brusseau
The great majority of prior phytoscreening applications have been conducted in humid and temperate environments wherein groundwater is relatively shallow (~1-6m deep). The objective of this research is to evaluate its use in semi-arid environments for sites with deeper groundwater (>10m). To that end, phytoscreening is applied to three chlorinated-solvent hazardous-waste sites in Arizona. Contaminant concentrations were quantifiable in tree-tissue samples collected from two of the sites (Nogales, Park-Euclid)...
July 31, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781305/purulent-pericarditis-with-salmonella-enterica-subspecies-arizona-in-a-patient-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Ai Suzuki, Takamitsu Tanaka, Kenji Ohba, Naomi Ito, Yuki Sakai, Akane Kaneko, Masashi Machii, Daishi Nonaka, Yoshie Goto, Hiroyuki Takase
Purulent pericarditis is a life-threatening disorder, even in the modern antibiotic era. Although diabetes mellitus is known to be associated with an increased risk of multiple types of infections, purulent pericarditis is extremely rare. We herein report an unusual case of pericarditis caused by Salmonella enterica subspecies arizona that was not associated with any evident underlying immunosuppressive disorder apart from uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus. Because a pet snake was suspected as being the source of infection in the present case, patient education and a detailed review of exposure history could play an important role in treating patients with diabetes mellitus...
August 1, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780738/john-p-craig-md-mph-physician-scientist-educator-and-mentor-1923-2016
#13
M A Haseeb, Pascal James Imperato
John P. Craig (1923-2016) was an eminent physician-scientist, gifted educator, and greatly valued mentor. Born in West Liberty, Ohio on 29 November 1923, he attended Oberlin College, and received his medical degree from Case Western Reserve University, School of Medicine. This was followed by an internship at Yale University Medical Center, and then service in the U.S. Army during the Korean War. He was a battalion surgeon, preventive medicine officer, and epidemiologist. While in Korea, he conducted important investigations of hemorrhagic fever among American troops...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769677/a-review-of-the-flea-genus-phalacropsylla-rothschild-1915-siphonaptera-ctenophthalmidae-neopsyllinae-phalacropsyllini-with-new-host-and-distributional-records
#14
Roxana Acosta, Michael W Hastriter
A redescription of the genus Phalacropsylla Rothschild is provided. Six species are recognized: Phalacropsylla allos Wagner, P. hamata Tipton and Mendez, P. morlani Eads and Campos, P. nivalis Barrera and Traub, P. oregonensis Lewis and Maser, and P. paradisea Rothschild. Phalacropsylla hamata is designated herein as a junior synonym of P. paradisea. The distribution of P. paradisea is more extensive than previously thought, extending from Arizona through southern Colorado, into New Mexico, Texas, and northern Mexico (State of Nuevo León)...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769606/helobdella-blinni-sp-n-hirudinida-glossiphoniidae-a-new-species-inhabiting-montezuma-well-arizona-usa
#15
Rebecca K Beresic-Perrins, Fredric R Govedich, Kelsey Banister, Bonnie A Bain, Devin Rose, Stephen M Shuster
A new leech species Helobdella blinnisp. n., is described from Montezuma Well, an isolated travertine spring mound located in central Arizona, USA. In its native habitat, Helobdella blinni had been previously identified as Helobdella stagnalis (Linnaeus, 1758), which was later reclassified to Helobdella modesta (Verrill, 1872). Similar to the European Helobdella stagnalis and North American Helobdella modesta, Helobdella blinni has six pairs of testisacs, five pairs of smooth crop caecae, one lobed pair of posteriorly-directed crop caecae, one pair of eyes, a nuchal scute, and diffuse salivary glands...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765184/environmental-sensitivity-as-a-trigger-of-erythema-nodosum-and-perimenopausal-symptoms
#16
Randy Horwitz, Victoria Maizes
A 45-year-old woman presented to the University of Arizona Integrative Medicine Clinic for advice on managing recurrent erythema nodosum (EN), along with recent onset perimenopausal symptoms. Her painful EN flares had occurred two to six times per year over the past 14 years, yet had attenuated over the past 5 years until recently, and she presented with bilateral EN lesions on the shins. An environmental exposure history revealed that a new plastic-containing water pot had been introduced at her office just prior to her latest EN flare...
August 1, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763392/four-corners-states-biomonitoring-consortium-lessons-learned-during-implementation
#17
Sanwat N Chaudhuri, Megan Broekemeier, Carrie Butler, Alexander Coyle, Kayla Iuliano, Katherine A James, Sam LeFevre
Building on a history of collaboration in environmental public health and biomonitoring activities, laboratory and environmental epidemiology leaders in Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah created the Four Corners States Biomonitoring Consortium, which is now in its third year of activities. In this article, we briefly highlight some lessons learned during the implementation phases of the consortium, including the processes of collaborating to identify common environmental exposure concerns, prioritizing those concerns, identifying cohorts and communities with potential risks of excessive exposure, developing a model for conducting exposure investigations, and the challenges presented during the implementation phases and early fieldwork activities...
September 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760832/avian-thermoregulation-in-the-heat-evaporative-cooling-capacity-of-arid-zone-caprimulgiforms-from-two-continents
#18
William A Talbot, Todd J McWhorter, Alexander R Gerson, Andrew E McKechnie, Blair O Wolf
Birds in the order Caprimulgiformes (nightjars and allies) have a remarkable capacity for thermoregulation over a wide range of environmental temperatures, exhibiting pronounced heterothermy in cool conditions and extreme heat tolerance at high environmental temperatures. We measured thermoregulatory responses to acute heat stress in three species of caprimulgiforms that nest in areas of extreme heat and aridity, the common poorwill (Phalaenoptilus nuttallii: Caprimulgidae) and lesser nighthawk (Chordeiles acutipennis: Caprimulgidae) in the Sonoran Desert of Arizona, and the Australian owlet-nightjar (Aegotheles cristatus: Aegothelidae) in the mallee woodlands of South Australia...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754526/telephone-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-is-independently-associated-with-improved-survival-and-improved-functional-outcome-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#19
Zhixin Wu, Micah Panczyk, Daniel W Spaite, Chengcheng Hu, Hidetada Fukushima, Blake Langlais, John Sutter, Bentley J Bobrow
AIM OF STUDY: This study aims to quantify the relative impact of Dispatcher-Initiated Telephone cardiopulmonary resuscitation (TCPR) on survival and survival with favorable functional outcome after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in a population of patients served by multiple emergency dispatch centers and more than 130 emergency medical services (EMS) agencies. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, observational study of EMS-treated adult (≥18 years) patients with OHCA of presumed cardiac origin in Arizona, between January 1, 2011, and December 31, 2014...
July 25, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739179/emotion-regulation-contributes-to-the-development-of-diabetes-distress-among-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#20
Lawrence Fisher, Danielle Hessler, William Polonsky, Lisa Strycker, Susan Guzman, Vicky Bowyer, Ian Blumer, Umesh Masharani
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate how maladaptive emotion regulation (ER) can lead to diabetes distress (DD), with subsequent effects on management and metabolic outcomes among adults with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: Data are based on pre-intervention assessment for a random controlled trial to reduce DD. Patients were recruited in California, Oregon, Arizona and Ontario, Canada. After screening and consent, patients completed an online assessment and released their most recent laboratory HbA1C...
July 8, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
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