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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335511/1st-workshop-of-the-canadian-society-for-virology
#1
Craig McCormick, Nathalie Grandvaux
The 1st Workshop of the Canadian Society for Virology (CSV2016) was a Special Workshop of the 35th Annual Meeting for the American Society for Virology, held on 18 June 2016 on the beautiful Virginia Tech campus in Blacksburg, Virginia. The workshop provided a forum for discussion of recent advances in the field, in an informal setting conducive to interaction with colleagues. CSV2016 featured two internationally-renowned Canadian keynote speakers who discussed translational virology research; American Society for Virology President Grant McFadden (then from University of Florida, now relocated to Arizona State University) who presented his studies of oncolytic poxviruses, while Matthew Miller (McMaster University) reviewed the prospects for a universal influenza vaccine...
March 20, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334341/large-scale-evaluation-of-association-between-pheromone-trap-captures-and-cotton-boll-infestation-for-pink-bollworm-lepidoptera-gelechiidae
#2
Yves Carrière, Larry Antilla, Leighton Liesner, Bruce E Tabashnik
Although transgenic cotton producing insecticidal proteins from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) is a cornerstone for pink bollworm control in some countries, integrated pest management remains important for bolstering sustainability of Bt cotton and is critical for controlling pink bollworm where Bt cotton is not available or where this pest has evolved resistance to Bt cotton. Here, we used data on moth captures in gossyplure-baited pheromone traps and boll infestations for 163 Bt and 152 non-Bt cotton fields from Arizona to evaluate accuracy of chemical control decisions relying on moth trapping data and capacity of Bt cotton to suppress survival of offspring produced by moths...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334338/synmap2-synmap3d-web-based-whole-genome-synteny-browsers
#3
Asher Haug-Baltzell, Sean Stephens, Sean Davey, Carlos Scheidegger, Eric Lyons
Summary: Current synteny visualization tools either focus on small regions of sequence and do not illustrate genome-wide trends, or are complicated to use and create visualizations that are difficult to interpret. To address this challenge, The Comparative Genomics Platform (CoGe) has developed two web-based tools to visualize synteny across whole genomes. SynMap2 and SynMap3D allow researchers to explore whole genome synteny patterns (across two or three genomes, respectively) in responsive, web-based visualization and virtual reality environments...
March 16, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333487/adaptation-of-the-arizona-cognitive-task-battery-for-use-with-the-ts65dn-mouse-model-mus-musculus-of-down-syndrome
#4
Michael R Hunsaker, Genevieve K Smith, Raymond P Kesner
We propose and validate a clear strategy to efficiently and comprehensively characterize neurobehavioral deficits in the Ts65Dn mouse model of Down syndrome. This novel approach uses neurocognitive theory to design and select behavioral tasks that test specific hypotheses concerning the results of Down syndrome. In this article, we model the Arizona Cognitive Task Battery, used to study human populations with Down syndrome, in Ts65Dn mice. We observed specific deficits for spatial memory, impaired long-term memory for visual objects, acquisition and reversal of motor responses, reduced motor dexterity, and impaired adaptive function as measured by nesting and anxiety tasks...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Comparative Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329669/sun-protection-behavior-and-sunburns-among-arizona-adults
#5
Stephanie M Koch, Robin B Harris, Elizabeth T Jacobs, Kacey C Ernst, Leslie K Dennis
ObjectiveTo examine the prevalence of sun protection behaviors and sunburn history among adults in a region of the United States with high ultraviolet radiation exposure.Design and SettingData on self-reported sun protection and sunburns were obtained using supplemental questions added to the 2013 Arizona Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey. 3,370 Arizona adults over the age of 18 years completed questions about use sunscreen and protective clothing and reported sunburns within past 12 months...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318830/long-term-outcome-of-the-gore-excluder-aaa-endoprosthesis-for-treatment-of-infrarenal-aortic-aneurysms
#6
Claire G Poublon, Suzanne Holewijn, Steven M M van Sterkenburg, Ignace F J Tielliu, Clark J Zeebregts, Michel M P J Reijnen
PURPOSE: To evaluate long-term outcome of GORE EXCLUDER AAA Endoprosthesis (W.L. Gore & Associates, Inc, Flagstaff, Arizona) for elective treatment of infrarenal aortic aneurysms and to evaluate performance of different generations of the device. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of 248 patients undergoing elective endovascular aneurysm repair with the GORE EXCLUDER between January 2000 and December 2015 in 2 hospitals. Primary endpoint was reintervention-free survival...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285064/patient-perceptions-of-a-pharmacy-star-rating-model
#7
Terri L Warholak, Mira Patel, Meagen Rosenthal, Donna West-Strum, Earl B Ettienne, Gail Nunlee-Bland, David Nau, Ana L Hincapie
OBJECTIVES: To identify patients' understanding of what constitutes a "quality pharmacy" and to obtain their feedback regarding the development and use of the pharmacy star rating model, a pharmacy-specific aggregate performance score based on the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services' Medicare Star Rating. DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Focus groups were conducted in Arizona, California, Mississippi, Maryland, and the District of Columbia, and one-on-one interviews were conducted in Indiana...
March 8, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276089/life-space-mobility-and-cognitive-decline-among-mexican-americans-aged-75-years-and-older
#8
Seraina Silberschmidt, Amit Kumar, Mukaila M Raji, Kyriakos Markides, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Soham Al Snih
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between life-space mobility and cognitive decline over a five-year period among older Mexican Americans. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly survey conducted in the southwestern of United States (Texas, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, and California). PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred thirty-two Mexican Americans aged 75 and older with normal or high cognitive function at baseline...
March 9, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275963/adverse-drug-event-causality-analysis-adeca-a-process-for-evaluating-evidence-and-assigning-drugs-to-risk-categories-for-sudden-death
#9
Raymond L Woosley, Klaus Romero, Craig W Heise, Tyler Gallo, Jared Tate, Raymond David Woosley, Sophie Ward
Growing evidence indicates that many drugs have the ability to cause a potentially lethal cardiac arrhythmia, torsades de pointes (TdP). This necessitates the development of a compilation of drugs that have this potential toxicity. Such a list is helpful in identifying the etiology of TdP in patients taking multiple drugs and assists decision making by those caring for patients at high risk of TdP. The Arizona Center for Education and Research on Therapeutics (AZCERT) has developed a process to standardize the identification of drugs and place them in risk categories for their clinical ability to cause TdP and QT prolongation...
March 8, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254855/training-and-maintaining-developing-a-successful-and-dynamic-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-program
#10
Heather Przybyl, Jill Evans, Laurie Haley, Jodi Bisek, Emily Beck
Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is commonly used to support critically ill patients with acute kidney injury or chronic renal disease whose condition is too unstable for them to tolerate intermittent hemodialysis. Current publications related to CRRT programs in the United States and Canada note key themes related to the development and maintenance of CRRT training programs. A successful CRRT training program should consider and incorporate adult learning principles whenever possible. A variety of teaching methods to deliver information to nurses, including online learning modules, didactic lecture, return demonstration, and high-fidelity patient simulation are key to training programs for this high-risk complex therapy...
2017: AACN Advanced Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252452/reduced-sexual-dysfunction-with-aripiprazole-once-monthly-versus-paliperidone-palmitate-results-from-qualify
#11
Steven G Potkin, Jean-Yves Loze, Carlos Forray, Ross A Baker, Christophe Sapin, Timothy Peters-Strickland, Maud Beillat, Anna-Greta Nylander, Peter Hertel, Henrik Steen Andersen, Anna Eramo, Karina Hansen, Dieter Naber
Sexual dysfunction, a common side effect of antipsychotic medications, may be partly caused by dopamine antagonism and elevation of prolactin. In QUALIFY, a randomized study, aripiprazole once-monthly 400 mg (AOM 400), a dopamine D2 receptor partial agonist, showed noninferiority and subsequent superiority versus paliperidone palmitate (PP), a dopamine D2 receptor antagonist, on the Heinrichs-Carpenter Quality-of-Life Scale (QLS) in patients with schizophrenia aged 18-60 years. Sexual dysfunction (Arizona Sexual Experience Scale) and serum prolactin levels were also assessed...
March 1, 2017: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250041/using-standardized-patients-to-teach-complete-denture-procedures-in-second-year-of-dental-school
#12
Gary M Johnson, Christine A Halket, Gilda P Ferguson, Jeffrey Perry
Second-year dental students are commonly instructed on the process of complete denture fabrication with a traditional didactic lecture and preclinical dental laboratory education model. The problem with this limited mode of instruction is that dental students often fail to understand the various chairside procedures required to fabricate a complete denture. The aim of this study was to investigate the use of standardized dental patients to enhance students' understanding of the procedures involved with each appointment in the complete denture process...
March 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248811/efficacy-of-reducing-alteplase-dose-to-restore-patency-in-nonhemodialysis-central-vascular-access-devices
#13
Ann Plohal, Krishna Schiller
Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) are preventable through vigilant and thorough care. When CLABSIs occurred at a facility in Southwest Arizona, the root cause analysis discovered that declotting agents, such as alteplase, were not given routinely when nonhemodialysis (non-HD) central vascular access devices (CVADs) lacked blood return. A PICO question was developed that guided the review of literature and central line care standards of practice: In the adult patients with non-HD central lines, what medications are currently recommended to restore patency? As a result of this project, our facility instituted a new protocol using a reduced dose of alteplase to restore patency to non-HD CVADs...
March 2017: Journal of Infusion Nursing: the Official Publication of the Infusion Nurses Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245965/prevalence-serotyping-and-antimicrobials-resistance-mechanism-of-salmonella-enterica-isolated-from-clinical-and-environmental-samples-in-saudi-arabia
#14
Mohamed A El-Tayeb, Abdelnasser S S Ibrahim, Ali A Al-Salamah, Khalid S Almaary, Yahya B Elbadawi
Salmonella is recognized as a common foodborne pathogen, causing major health problems in Saudi Arabia. Herein, we report epidemiology, antimicrobial susceptibility and the genetic basis of resistance among S. enterica strains isolated in Saudi Arabia. Isolation of Salmonella spp. from clinical and environmental samples resulted in isolation of 33 strains identified as S. enterica based on their biochemical characteristics and 16S-rDNA sequences. S. enterica serovar Enteritidis showed highest prevalence (39...
February 14, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236614/treatment-of-athlete-s-plantar-warts-using-a-botanical-blend-a-case-report
#15
Erik O Nelson, Adam F Kozin, Guillermo Ruiz, Arben Lasku, Jeffrey O Langland
Context • Viral plantar warts, or verruca plantaris, are a benign epithelial tumor caused by various strains of the human papilloma virus (HPV). Current treatments have had mixed degrees of success, are moderately invasive, and are often incompatible with participation in sports. Objective • The study intended to examine the benefits of treating plantar warts with a topical, botanical blend that has had clinical success treating herpes simplex virus cold sores. Methods • A synergistic botanical blend was applied topically...
February 27, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230451/positive-medication-changes-resulting-from-comprehensive-and-noncomprehensive-medication-reviews-in-a-medicare-part-d-population
#16
Allison Buhl, Jill Augustine, Ann M Taylor, Rose Martin, Terri L Warholak
BACKGROUND: Health care organizations face the challenge of reducing costs while improving health outcomes. Currently, more than 39 million seniors are enrolled in a Medicare Part D prescription benefit plan, many of whom also qualify for medication therapy management (MTM) services. MTM programs provide valuable services designed to prevent or resolve medication-related problems (MRPs). Two core components of all MTM programs include comprehensive medication reviews (CMRs) with followup interventions and focused non-CMR interventions...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223893/the-weil-arizona-center-s-effort-to-prove-its-economic-model-shuts-its-door-%C3%A2-plus-more
#17
John Weeks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213544/isolation-and-characterization-of-a-unique-strain-of-rickettsia-parkeri-associated-with-the-hard-tick-dermacentor-parumapertus-neumann-in-the-western-united-states
#18
Christopher D Paddock, Michelle E J Allerdice, Sandor E Karpathy, William L Nicholson, Michael L Levin, Travis C Smith, Tom Becker, Robert J Delph, Robert N Knight, Jana M Ritter, Jeanine H Sanders, Jerome Goddard
In 1953, investigators at the Rocky Mountain Laboratories in Hamilton, Montana, described the isolation of a spotted fever group Rickettsia (SFGR) species from Dermacentor parumapertus collected from black-tailed jackrabbits (Lepus californicus) in northern Nevada. Several decades later, investigators characterized this SFGR by using mouse serotyping methods and determined that it represented a distinct rickettsial serotype, related closely to Rickettsia parkeri; nonetheless, the parumapertus agent was not further characterized or studied...
February 17, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199416/restoring-and-managing-low-severity-fire-in-dry-forest-landscapes-of-the-western-usa
#19
William L Baker
Low-severity fires that killed few canopy trees played a significant historical role in dry forests of the western USA and warrant restoration and management, but historical rates of burning remain uncertain. Past reconstructions focused on on dating fire years, not measuring historical rates of burning. Past statistics, including mean composite fire interval (mean CFI) and individual-tree fire interval (mean ITFI) have biases and inaccuracies if used as estimators of rates. In this study, I used regression, with a calibration dataset of 96 cases, to test whether these statistics could accurately predict two equivalent historical rates, population mean fire interval (PMFI) and fire rotation (FR)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181923/variation-in-cyp2a6-and-nicotine-metabolism-among-two-american-indian-tribal-groups-differing-in-smoking-patterns-and-risk-for-tobacco-related-cancer
#20
Julie-Anne Tanner, Jeffrey A Henderson, Dedra Buchwald, Barbara V Howard, Patricia Nez Henderson, Rachel F Tyndale
OBJECTIVE: The Northern Plains (NP) and Southwest (SW) American Indian populations differ in their smoking patterns and lung cancer incidence. We aimed to compare CYP2A6 genetic variation and CYP2A6 enzyme activity (representative of the rate of nicotine metabolism) between the two tribal populations as these have previously been associated with differences in smoking, quitting, and lung cancer risk. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: American Indians (N=636) were recruited from two different tribal populations (NP in South Dakota, SW in Arizona) as part of a study carried out as part of the Collaborative to Improve Native Cancer Outcomes P50 Project...
February 8, 2017: Pharmacogenetics and Genomics
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