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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050550/potential-changes-in-chemical-soil-quality-resulting-from-graywater-recycling-for-landscape-irrigation
#1
(no author information available yet)
The effects of graywater irrigation on soil chemical properties and accumulation of surfactants and antimicrobials wereinvestigated at three households in Arizona, California and Colorado over the duration of two to three years. No negative impacts were observed with respect to sodium and boron accumulation in soil over the duration of this study. Graywater irrigation significantly increased organic matter and total inorganic nitrogen of the receiving soil (P<0.05). Graywater loading rates and fertilizer application should be monitored to ensure that excessive amount of nitrogen and phosphorus are not applied to the soil...
October 13, 2017: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048956/geographic-distribution-of-scorpion-exposures-in-the-united-states-2010-2015
#2
A Min Kang, Daniel E Brooks
OBJECTIVES: To determine the geographic distribution of scorpion envenomations in the United States by zip code, with particular attention to the neurotoxic Centruroides sculpturatus (Arizona bark scorpion), for which an antivenom is available. METHODS: We obtained scorpion exposure cases for 2010 to 2015 from the National Poison Data System. Using geographic information systems software, we mapped total exposures and incidence rates for 9 states that reported more than 100 annual calls...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046880/improved-diagnosis-of-parkinson-s-disease-from-a-detailed-olfactory-phenotype
#3
Richard C Gerkin, Charles H Adler, Joseph G Hentz, Holly A Shill, Erika Driver-Dunckley, Shyamal H Mehta, Marwan N Sabbagh, John N Caviness, Brittany N Dugger, Geidy Serrano, Christine Belden, Brian H Smith, Lucia Sue, Kathryn J Davis, Edward Zamrini, Thomas G Beach
OBJECTIVE: To assess the predictive potential of the complete response pattern from the University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test for the diagnosis of Parkinson's disease. METHODS: We analyzed a large dataset from the Arizona Study of Aging and Neurodegenerative Disorders, a longitudinal clinicopathological study of health and disease in elderly volunteers. Using the complete pattern of responses to all 40 items in each subject's test, we built predictive models of neurodegenerative disease, and we validated these models out of sample by comparing model predictions against postmortem pathological diagnosis...
October 2017: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045274/recruiting-american-indian-alaska-native-students-to-medical-school-a-multi-institutional-alliance-in-the-u-s-southwest
#4
Marlene P Ballejos, Polly Olsen, Tanisha Price-Johnson, Cindy Garcia, Tassy Parker, Robert E Sapién, Valerie Romero-Leggott
PROBLEM: Despite national efforts to diversify the physician workforce, American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) individuals have the least representation of all major racial and ethnic groups. Limited resources at state medical schools present institution-level recruitment challenges. Unified efforts to engage AI/AN students in premedical education activities are needed. APPROACH: The medical schools at the Universities of Arizona (Phoenix and Tucson), Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah identified a collective need to increase student diversity, particularly with regard to AI/AN students...
October 17, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044409/improving-pain-care-with-project-echo-in-community-health-centers
#5
Daren Anderson, Ianita Zlateva, Bennet Davis, Lauren Bifulco, Tierney Giannotti, Emil Coman, Douglas Spegman
Objective: Pain is an extremely common complaint in primary care, and patient outcomes are often suboptimal. This project evaluated the impact of Project ECHO Pain videoconference case-based learning sessions on knowledge and quality of pain care in two Federally Qualified Health Centers. Design: Quasi-experimental, pre-post intervention, with comparison group. Setting: Two large, multisite federally qualified health centers in Connecticut and Arizona...
October 1, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043354/lipidomic-profiles-of-drosophila-melanogaster-and-cactophilic-fly-species-models-of-human-metabolic-diseases
#6
Daniel Cázarez-García, Mariana Ramírez Loustalot-Laclette, Therese Ann Markow, Robert Winkler
The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with serious diseases and represents an important threat for global public health. The common fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) has served as a model organism to study physiological processes of the MetS, because central metabolic pathways are conserved among species, and because the flies are easy to cultivate in a laboratory. In nature, D. melanogaster is a fruit generalist, feeding on diets rich in simple carbohydrates. Other Drosophilids, however, have specialized on distinct resources...
October 18, 2017: Integrative Biology: Quantitative Biosciences From Nano to Macro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037243/gardening-in-the-desert-a-spatial-optimization-approach-to-locating-gardens-in-rapidly-expanding-urban-environments
#7
Elizabeth A Mack, Daoqin Tong, Kevin Credit
BACKGROUND: Food access is a global issue, and for this reason, a wealth of studies are dedicated to understanding the location of food deserts and the benefits of urban gardens. However, few studies have linked these two strands of research together to analyze whether urban gardening activity may be a step forward in addressing issues of access for food desert residents. METHODS: The Phoenix, Arizona metropolitan area is used as a case to demonstrate the utility of spatial optimization models for siting urban gardens near food deserts and on vacant land...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018539/clinical-characteristics-of-antimitochondrial-antibody-positive-patients-at-a-safety-net-health-care-system-in-arizona
#8
Susanna Tan, Napatkamon Ayutyanont, Bikash Bhattarai, Zohreh Movahedi, Lakshmi Jayaram, Robert Gish, Abdul Nadir
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To assess whether aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and alkaline phosphatase (AP) levels can predict the diagnosis of primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) or any other diagnoses and whether PBC occurs either simultaneously or independently of other liver diseases among antimitochondrial antibody (AMA)-positive patients. METHODS: Demographic and clinical variables were assessed in 90 AMA-positive patients with and without liver biopsies...
2017: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017631/infants-born-with-critical-chd-in-arizona-and-capacities-of-birth-centres-for-screening-and-management
#9
Lydia Villa, Brent Bjornsen, Heather Giacone, Erica M Weidler, Ekta Bajaj, Andrew Muth, Melanie Kennedy, Timothy Flood, Dianna Contreras, Joseph Spadafino, Ashish Shah
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to identify locations of births in Arizona with critical CHD, as well as to assess the current use of pulse-oximetry screening and capacities of birth centres to manage a positive screen. Study design Infants (n=487) with a potentially critical CHD were identified from the Arizona Department of Health Services from 2012 and 2013; charts were retrospectively reviewed. Diagnosis was confirmed using echocardiographies. ArcGIS was used to generate maps to visualise the location of treating facility and mother's residence...
October 11, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017480/longitudinal-assessment-of-daily-activity-patterns-on-weight-change-after-involuntary-job-loss-the-adapt-study-protocol
#10
Patricia L Haynes, Graciela E Silva, George W Howe, Cynthia A Thomson, Emily A Butler, Stuart F Quan, Duane Sherrill, Molly Scanlon, Darlynn M Rojo-Wissar, Devan N Gengler, David A Glickenstein
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has identified obesity as one of the most visible and neglected public health problems worldwide. Meta-analytic studies suggest that insufficient sleep increases the risk of developing obesity and related serious medical conditions. Unfortunately, the nationwide average sleep duration has steadily declined over the last two decades with 25% of U.S. adults reporting insufficient sleep. Stress is also an important indirect factor in obesity, and chronic stress and laboratory-induced stress negatively impact sleep...
October 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016511/change-in-surgical-practice-for-women-with-leiomyomas-after-the-u-s-food-and-drug-administration-morcellator-safety-communication
#11
Nina M Clark, Michael Schembri, Vanessa L Jacoby
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) communication discouraging use of power morcellators on changes in surgical practice for women with uterine leiomyomas. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study using data from 2013 to 2014 in the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project State Inpatient and State Ambulatory Surgical Databases from Arizona, Florida, Kentucky, and New Jersey. Women with a diagnosis of leiomyomas who underwent hysterectomy or myomectomy were included in the analysis...
October 6, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991781/a-heterogeneous-computing-accelerated-sce-ua-global-optimization-method-using-openmp-opencl-cuda-and-openacc
#12
Guangyuan Kan, Xiaoyan He, Liuqian Ding, Jiren Li, Ke Liang, Yang Hong
The shuffled complex evolution optimization developed at the University of Arizona (SCE-UA) has been successfully applied in various kinds of scientific and engineering optimization applications, such as hydrological model parameter calibration, for many years. The algorithm possesses good global optimality, convergence stability and robustness. However, benchmark and real-world applications reveal the poor computational efficiency of the SCE-UA. This research aims at the parallelization and acceleration of the SCE-UA method based on powerful heterogeneous computing technology...
October 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987857/intracranial-hemorrhage-in-patients-with-durable-mechanical-circulatory-support-devices-institutional-review-and-proposed-treatment-algorithm
#13
Wyatt L Ramey, Robyn L Basken, Christina M Walter, Zain Khalpey, G Michael Lemole, Travis M Dumont
OBJECTIVE: Spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is frequently managed in neurosurgery. Patients with durable mechanical circulatory support devices, including total artificial hearts (TAHs) and left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are often encountered in the setting of ICH. While durable mechanical circulatory support devices have improved survival and quality of life for patients with advanced heart failure, ICH is one of the most feared complications following LVAD and TAH implantation...
October 4, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987077/remission-of-schizoaffective-disorder-using-homeopathic-medicine-2-case-reports
#14
Diane E Grise, Tara Peyman, Jeffrey Langland
Context • Research on the schizophrenia spectrum is primarily focused on pharmaceutical interventions, although alternative treatments have been gaining increasing popularity in recent years because patients are seeking treatments that are effective and have reduced side effects. A significant body of evidence already exists supporting the effectiveness of homeopathy to treat a wide array of illnesses. Objective • The research team intended to demonstrate the need for using both alternative and conventional treatments to improve clinical outcomes in the treatment of schizoaffective disorder...
October 2, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984801/assessing-cochlear-implant-outcomes-in-older-adults-using-hermes-a-national-web-based-database
#15
Stephanie Y Chen, Jedidiah J Grisel, Anne Lam, Justin S Golub
OBJECTIVE: Cochlear implant (CI) outcomes research has been largely limited to retrospective or single-institution studies in the United States. The objective is to demonstrate the feasibility of using a novel, national, web-based CI database through evaluating CI outcomes in older adults. STUDY DESIGN: Analysis of a prospective, national, web-based database designed for CI outcome tracking (HERMES; HIPAA-secure, Encrypted, Research Management and Evaluation Solution)...
October 4, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981813/rickettsia-parkeri-rickettsiales-rickettsiaceae-detected-in-ticks-of-the-amblyomma-maculatum-acari-ixodidae-group-collected-from-multiple-locations-in-southern-arizona
#16
Michelle E J Allerdice, Lorenza Beati, Hayley Yaglom, R Ryan Lash, Jesus Delgado-de la Mora, Jesus D Licona-Enriquez, David Delgado-de la Mora, Christopher D Paddock
Rickettsia parkeri is an emerging human pathogen transmitted by Amblyomma ticks in predominately tropical and subtropical regions of the western hemisphere. In 2014 and 2015, one confirmed case and one probable case of R. parkeri rickettsiosis were reported from the Pajarita Wilderness Area, a semi-arid mountainous region in southern Arizona. To examine more closely the potential public health risk of R. parkeri in this region, a study was initiated to investigate the pervasiveness of Amblyomma maculatum Koch group ticks in mountainous areas of southern Arizona and to ascertain the infection frequencies of R...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975486/sodium-fluoroacetate-toxicity-a-case-report-of-malicious-poisoning-in-dogs-across-a-phoenix-arizona-neighborhood
#17
Alexandra Brower, Jason Struthers, Jemima Schmidt
In May 2016, thirteen dogs housed in backyards within a single neighborhood were reported to have developed convulsions and died within a 24 h period. An investigation of the scene by law enforcement resulted in submission of eight dogs for postmortem examination. It was suspected that a rapid acting toxin was the cause of death. A gas chromatography-mass spectrophotometry (GC-MS) protocol combined with thin-layer chromatography that allows screening for common convulsants failed to identify a toxin in either pooled gastric content or liver samples from select cases...
October 3, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961816/validation-of-a-landscape-based-model-for-whitefly-spread-of-the-cucurbit-yellow-stunting-disorder-virus-to-fall-melons
#18
Yves Carrière, Ben Degain, Leighton Liesner, Pierre Dutilleul, John C Palumbo
The cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus (CYSDV) transmitted by Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) has caused significant reductions in fall melon (Cucumis melo L.) yields in Yuma County, Arizona. In a recent landscape-based study, we found evidence that cotton and spring melon fields increased abundance of B. tabaci and spread of CYSDV infection in fall melon fields. Here, we show that a statistical model derived from data collected in 2011-2012 and based on areas of cotton and spring melon fields located within 1,500 m from edges of fall melon fields was sufficient to retrospectively predict incidence of CYSDV infection in fall melon fields during 2007-2010...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959449/tools-for-the-ex-situ-conservation-of-the-threatened-species-cycladenia-humilis-var-jonesii
#19
Valerie C Pence, Linda R Finke, Mary F Chaiken
Ex situ conservation is critical for hedging against the loss of plant diversity. For those species (exceptional species) that cannot be conserved long-term in standard seed banks, alternative methods are required, often involving in vitro culture and cryopreservation, or storage in liquid nitrogen. Cycladenia humilis var. jonesii is a federally threatened perennial native to Utah and Arizona. It is classified as an exceptional species, because it produces few seeds, and, thus, in vitro propagation and cryopreservation were investigated as tools for its propagation and preservation...
2017: Conservation Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957975/comparison-of-the-spectral-temporally-modulated-ripple-test-with-the-arizona-biomedical-institute-sentence-test-in-cochlear-implant-users
#20
Marshall Lawler, Jeffrey Yu, Justin M Aronoff
OBJECTIVES: Although speech perception is the gold standard for measuring cochlear implant (CI) users' performance, speech perception tests often require extensive adaptation to obtain accurate results, particularly after large changes in maps. Spectral ripple tests, which measure spectral resolution, are an alternate measure that has been shown to correlate with speech perception. A modified spectral ripple test, the spectral-temporally modulated ripple test (SMRT) has recently been developed, and the objective of this study was to compare speech perception and performance on the SMRT for a heterogeneous population of unilateral CI users, bilateral CI users, and bimodal users...
September 27, 2017: Ear and Hearing
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