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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632246/declines-noted-in-cognitive-processes-and-association-with-achievement-among-children-with-leukemia
#1
Kathleen C Insel, Marilyn J Hockenberry, Lynette L Harris, Kari M Koerner, Zhenqiang Lu, Kristin B Adkins, Olga A Taylor, Patricia M Gundy, Ida M Moore
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To assess change in specific cognitive processes during treatment with chemotherapy only among children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). 
. DESIGN: A prospective, repeated measures design.
. SETTING: Pediatric oncology treatment centers at Banner-University Medical Center Tucson/Banner Children's-Diamond Medical Center (University of Arizona) and Texas Children's Cancer and Hematology centers (Baylor College of Medicine) in Houston...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628050/arizona-hospital-discharge-and-emergency-department-database-implications-for-occupational-health-surveillance
#2
Philip Harber, Jennifer Ha, Matthew Roach
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the project was to identify trends in emergency department visits and inpatient admissions for occupational injury and disease frequency and describe the financial impact from specific clinical groups known to have occupational risk factors. METHODS: Workers compensation cases among 19 million records in the Arizona statewide hospital discharge database (HDD) were assessed for seven clinical groups from 2008 to 2014, including back, cardiac, carpal tunnel syndrome, heat-related, psychiatric, pulmonary, and trauma...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619544/changes-in-tracheostomy-and-intubation-related-tracheal-stenosis-implications-for-surgery
#3
Samuel S Kim, Zain Khalpey, Charles Hsu, Alex G Little
BACKGROUND: This study sought to identify the changing characteristic patterns and locations of stenosis after tracheostomy or intubation and to assess the risk factors associated with perioperative complication and restenosis after primary resection and reconstruction. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed (January /2012 to March 2015) on patients treated at the University of Arizona Medical Center (Tucson, Arizona) who had symptomatic tracheal stenosis secondary to prolonged intubation or tracheostomy...
June 13, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616173/modeling-connectivity-to-identify-current-and-future-anthropogenic-barriers-to-movement-of-large-carnivores-a-case-study-in-the-american-southwest
#4
Meredith L McClure, Brett G Dickson, Kerry L Nicholson
This study sought to identify critical areas for puma (Puma concolor) movement across the state of Arizona in the American Southwest and to identify those most likely to be impacted by current and future human land uses, particularly expanding urban development and associated increases in traffic volume. Human populations in this region are expanding rapidly, with the potential for urban centers and busy roads to increasingly act as barriers to demographic and genetic connectivity of large-bodied, wide-ranging carnivores such as pumas, whose long-distance movements are likely to bring them into contact with human land uses and whose low tolerance both for and from humans may put them at risk unless opportunities for safe passage through or around human-modified landscapes are present...
June 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616170/variation-in-species-level-plant-functional-traits-over-wetland-indicator-status-categories
#5
Miles E McCoy-Sulentic, Thomas E Kolb, David M Merritt, Emily C Palmquist, Barbara E Ralston, Daniel A Sarr
Wetland indicator status (WIS) describes the habitat affinity of plant species and is used in wetland delineations and resource inventories. Understanding how species-level functional traits vary across WIS categories may improve designations, elucidate mechanisms of adaptation, and explain habitat optima and niche. We investigated differences in species-level traits of riparian flora across WIS categories, extending their application to indicate hydrologic habitat. We measured or compiled data on specific leaf area (SLA), stem specific gravity (SSG), seed mass, and mature height of 110 plant species that occur along the Colorado River in Grand Canyon, Arizona...
June 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614396/bioinformatic-training-needs-at-a-health-sciences-campus
#6
Jeffrey C Oliver
BACKGROUND: Health sciences research is increasingly focusing on big data applications, such as genomic technologies and precision medicine, to address key issues in human health. These approaches rely on biological data repositories and bioinformatic analyses, both of which are growing rapidly in size and scope. Libraries play a key role in supporting researchers in navigating these and other information resources. METHODS: With the goal of supporting bioinformatics research in the health sciences, the University of Arizona Health Sciences Library established a Bioinformation program...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608755/recommended-reading-from-the-university-of-arizona-pulmonary-and-critical-care-program-fellows
#7
Kareem Ahmad, Luke Gabe, Elaine Cristan, Phillip Factor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602385/the-snake-raiser-lung-an-unusual-cause-of-salmonella-enterica-subspecies-arizonae-pneumonia
#8
A Baranzelli, C Loïez, J F Bervar, A Scherpereel, F Wallet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 8, 2017: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599946/a-58-year-old-man-with-fatigue-weight%C3%A2-loss-and-diffuse-miliary-pulmonary%C3%A2-opacities
#9
Udit Chaddha, Rebekah English, Jessica Daniels, Rajat Walia, Atul C Mehta, Tanmay S Panchabhai
A 58-year-old man presented with a 6-month history of profound fatigue and a weight loss of 35 to 40 pounds. He reported occasional night sweats and mildly painful knees and elbows without swelling or redness. He denied respiratory symptoms, rashes, or fevers. He had no respiratory symptoms. The patient's history was significant for rheumatoid arthritis (with arthralgias and joint involvement), paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, and hypothyroidism. His medications included digoxin and metoprolol. He had been taking methotrexate and low-dose prednisone (5 mg) for approximately 10 years but discontinued taking these medications 2 years prior to current presentation...
June 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595294/coccidioidomycosis-an-underreported-cause-of-death-arizona-2008-2013
#10
Jefferson M Jones, Lia Koski, Mohammed Khan, Shane Brady, Rebecca Sunenshine, Ken K Komatsu
In Arizona during 1997-2013, coccidioidomycosis increased from 21 to 90 cases/100,000 population, but coccidioidomycosis-associated deaths remained stable at 3-6 deaths/million population. We used the capture-recapture method by using death certificates and hospital discharge data to more fully estimate the total number of coccidioidomycosis-attributable deaths and compared this with published estimates. Death certificates were included if any cause of death included coccidioidomycosis; hospital discharge data deaths were included if any discharge diagnosis included coccidioidomycosis and laboratory confirmation...
June 8, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594785/notes-from-the-field-two-cases-of-legionnaires-disease-in-newborns-after-water-births-arizona-2016
#11
Geoffrey Granseth, Rachana Bhattarai, Tammy Sylvester, Siru Prasai, Eugene Livar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577355/frailty-assessment-in-older-adults-using-upper-extremity-function-index-development
#12
Nima Toosizadeh, Christopher Wendel, Chiu-Hsieh Hsu, Edward Zamrini, Jane Mohler
BACKGROUND: Numerous multidimensional assessment tools have been developed to measure frailty; however, the clinical feasibility of these tools is limited. We previously developed and validated an upper-extremity function (UEF) assessment method that incorporates wearable motion sensors. The purpose of the current study was to: 1) cross-sectionally validate the UEF method in a larger sample in comparison with the Fried index; 2) develop a UEF frailty index to predict frailty categories including non-frail, pre-frail, and frail based on UEF parameters and demographic information, using the Fried index as the gold standard; and 3) develop a UEF continuous score (points scores for each UEF parameter and a total frailty score) based on UEF parameters and demographic information, using the Fried index as the gold standard...
June 2, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577242/divergence-in-the-approach-to-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-inhibitor-recipients-with-coccidioidomycosis
#13
Ashley L Garrett, Stephen S Cha, Elizabeth Wack, Janis E Blair
BACKGROUND: Tumor necrosis factor α-inhibitors (TNFIs) have been associated with increased risk of certain fungal infections, including coccidioidomycosis. The optimal treatment approach to coccidioidomycosis in TNFI recipients is unknown. METHODS: We constructed an anonymous, voluntary survey for practicing pulmonary and infectious disease physicians in the state of Arizona regarding approach to TNFI patients with coccidioidomycosis. RESULTS: There is no current consensus on managing these patients...
June 2, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577167/bacterial-rhizoplane-colonization-patterns-of-buchloe-dactyloides-growing-in-metalliferous-mine-tailings-reflect-plant-status-and-biogeochemical-conditions
#14
Linnea K Honeker, Julia W Neilson, Robert A Root, Juliana Gil-Loaiza, Jon Chorover, Raina M Maier
Plant establishment during phytostabilization of legacy mine tailings in semiarid regions is challenging due to low pH, low organic carbon, low nutrients, and high toxic metal(loid) concentrations. Plant-associated bacterial communities are particularly important under these harsh conditions because of their beneficial services to plants. We hypothesize that bacterial colonization profiles on rhizoplane surfaces reflect deterministic processes that are governed by plant health and the root environment. The aim of this study was to identify associations between bacterial colonization patterns on buffalo grass (Buchloe dactyloides) rhizoplanes and both plant status (leaf chlorophyll and plant cover) and substrate biogeochemistry (pH, electrical conductivity, total organic carbon, total nitrogen, and rhizosphere microbial community)...
June 2, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575646/improvement-in-quality-of-life-and-sexual-functioning-in-a-comorbid-sample-after-the-unified-protocol-transdiagnostic-group-treatment
#15
Ana Claudia Corrêa de Ornelas Maia, Jenny Sanford, Hannah Boettcher, Antonio E Nardi, David Barlow
Patients with multiple mental disorders often experience sexual dysfunction and reduced quality of life. The unified protocol (UP) is a transdiagnostic treatment for emotional disorders that has the potential to improve quality of life and sexual functioning via improved emotion management. The present study evaluates changes in quality of life and sexual functioning in a highly comorbid sample treated with the UP in a group format. Forty-eight patients were randomly assigned to either a UP active-treatment group or a medication-only control group...
October 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574235/how-arizona-medicaid-accelerated-the-integration-of-physical-and-behavioral-health-services
#16
Deborah Bachrach, Patricia M Boozang, Hailey E Davis
ISSUE: In most states, one agency has responsibility for Medicaid enrollees' physical health services and at least one other agency has responsibility for their behavioral health services. Apportioning responsibility for the physical and behavioral health of Medicaid beneficiaries into different agencies inevitably leads to different--and sometimes misaligned--policy goals, program priorities, and purchasing strategies, thereby impeding the delivery of integrated care. GOAL: To describe the rationale, process, and impact of Arizona's 2015 consolidation of its physical and behavioral health services agencies into its Medicaid agency...
May 2017: Issue Brief of the Commonwealth Fund
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566083/-a-case-of-coccidioidomycosis-in-turkey-imported-from-the-united-states-of-america
#17
Seniha Başaran, Nilgün Karabıçak, Serap Şimşek Yavuz, Nathan P Wiederhold, Seda Şafak, Aysun Sarıbuğa, Deanna A Sutton, Züleyha Bingöl, Atahan Çağatay, Halit Özsüt, Zeki Kılıçaslan, Haluk Eraksoy
Coccidioidomycosis caused by Coccidioides immitis or Coccidioides posadasii is a rare infectious disease except in endemic regions. In this report the third documented imported case of coccidioidomycosis in Turkey was presented. A thirty-year-old male patient was admitted to our hospital with fever and purulent drainage from his chest tube. He had worked in Arizona, USA, until 4 months before this presentation. While in Arizona, he experienced cough and hemoptysis and was diagnosed as pulmonary coccidioidomycosis...
April 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565979/flow-diversion-of-tandem-cerebral-aneurysms-a-multi-institutional-retrospective-study
#18
Al-Wala Awad, Karam Moon, Nam Yoon, Marcus D Mazur, M Yashar S Kalani, Philipp Taussky, Cameron G McDougall, Felipe C Albuquerque, Min S Park
OBJECTIVE Flow diversion has proven to be an efficacious means of treating cerebral aneurysms that are refractory to other therapeutic means. Patients with tandem aneurysms treated with flow diversion have been included in larger, previously reported series; however, there are no dedicated reports on using this technique during a single session to treat this unique subset of patients. Therefore, the authors analyzed the outcomes of patients who had undergone single-session flow diversion for the treatment of tandem aneurysms...
June 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562684/bottles-to-trees-plastic-beverage-bottles-as-an-alternative-nursery-growing-container-for-reforestation-in-developing-countries
#19
Safiullah Khurram, Owen T Burney, Robert C Morrissey, Douglass F Jacobs
Reforestation is needed globally to help restore degraded sites, combat desertification, protect watersheds, and provide forest products. This involves planting forest tree seedlings grown in local nurseries, but technologies to produce quality seedlings are lacking in developing countries. Modern nursery containers used to propagate seedlings have internal-surface barriers (ribs or ridges) or side-slits to prevent root spiraling. These are cost prohibitive or unavailable in developing countries and so polybags (plastic bags) are more commonly used, despite their tendency to produce seedlings with deformed root systems that have less potential to establish on field sites...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562279/effectiveness-of-evidence-based-asthma-interventions
#20
Suzanne Kennedy, Ryan Bailey, Katy Jaffee, Anne Markus, Maya Gerstein, David M Stevens, Julie Kennedy Lesch, Floyd J Malveaux, Herman Mitchell
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Researchers often struggle with the gap between efficacy and effectiveness in clinical research. To bridge this gap, the Community Healthcare for Asthma Management and Prevention of Symptoms (CHAMPS) study adapted an efficacious, randomized controlled trial that resulted in evidence-based asthma interventions in community health centers. METHODS: Children (aged 5-12 years; N = 590) with moderate to severe asthma were enrolled from 3 intervention and 3 geographically/capacity-matched control sites in high-risk, low-income communities located in Arizona, Michigan, and Puerto Rico...
May 9, 2017: Pediatrics
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