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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549275/understanding-the-relationships-between-water-quality-recreational-fishing-practices-and-human-health-in-phoenix-arizona
#1
E Pulford, B A Polidoro, M Nation
Across the United States, recreational freshwater fisheries are not only an important leisure activity, but can also provide a relatively inexpensive source of protein in local diets. However, recreational freshwater fisheries are generally not well-monitored in terms of fish consumption vs. catch and release, nor are all recreational surface waters regularly monitored for the presence of potentially harmful contaminants in water or fishes. In six urban lakes that support recreational fisheries in Phoenix, Arizona, a majority of surveyed anglers reported eating recreationally caught fishes, even though they thought the water might be polluted...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545417/community-level-characteristics-and-environmental-factors-of-child-respiratory-illnesses-in-southern-arizona
#2
Nathan Lothrop, Khaleel Hussaini, Dean Billheimer, Paloma Beamer
BACKGROUND: Lower respiratory illnesses (LRIs) and asthma are common diseases in children <5 years of age. Few studies have investigated the relationships between multiple, home-based social and environmental risk factors and asthma and LRIs in children. Of those that have, none have focused exclusively on children <5 years of age, who are more physiologically vulnerable and spend more time at home compared to older children. Further, no studies have done so at the community level...
May 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544870/the-killing-of-kitty-genovese-what-else-does-this-case-tell-us
#3
Saul M Kassin
Well known in popular culture, the 1964 murder of Kitty Genovese in Queens, New York, became famous because not one of an alleged 38 bystanders called police until it was too late. Within psychology, this singular event inspired the study of bystander intervention. With the spotlight of history focused on Ms. Genovese and bystanders, other events, also profound for what they tell us about human social behavior, have escaped public notice. Based on archival records and current interviews, this article describes the three issues linked to Genovese...
May 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542125/notes-from-the-field-measles-outbreak-at-a-united-states-immigration-and-customs-enforcement-facility-arizona-may-june-2016
#4
Heather Venkat, Ahmed M Kassem, Chia-Ping Su, Clancey Hill, Evan Timme, Graham Briggs, Kenneth Komatsu, Susan Robinson, Rebecca Sunenshine, Manisha Patel, Diana Elson, Paul Gastañaduy, Shane Brady
HASH(0x34fcac0)
May 26, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526022/a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study-of-medical-student-preferences-for-vodcast-design-format-and-pedagogical-approach
#5
Robin K Pettit, Marjorie Kinney, Lise McCoy
BACKGROUND: Vodcasts (video podcasts) are becoming increasingly popular in medical education. At A.T. Still University School of Osteopathic Medicine in Arizona (ATSU SOMA), vodcasts are an essential component of our blended learning environment, where year 2-4 students train in a contextual setting at community health centers across the U.S. Vodcasts are used far less frequently in our year 1 residential learning environment at the main campus in Arizona, but we are considering moving to significantly more interactive educational experiences with on-demand videos followed by in-class activities...
May 19, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525402/diagnosis-and-management-of-allergic-contact-dermatitis-in-children-common-allergens-that-can-be-easily-missed
#6
Sharon E Jacob, Nikoleta Brankov, Alastair Kerr
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Contact dermatitis is an economically burdensome pediatric disease, and it is important to know the top allergens that have remained as top offenders for over the last decade. RECENT FINDINGS: A comparative analysis of the 20-allergen screen was done against the current top 40 pediatric allergens, and it revealed that the 20-allergen screening series would have theoretically only captured 47.5% of the relevant contact allergens (52.5% failure to detect rate)...
May 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523606/frederick-yi-tung-cho-1939-2011-his-phd-days-in-biophysics-the-photosynthesis-lab-and-his-patents-in-engineering-physics
#7
Govindjee, John C Munday, George C Papageorgiou
We present here a Tribute to Frederick Yi-Tung Cho (1939-2011), an innovative and ingenious biophysicist and an entrepreneur. He was one of the 4 earliest PhD students [see: Cederstrand (1965)-Carl Nelson Cederstrand; coadvisor: Eugene Rabinowitch; Papageorgiou (1968)-George C. Papageorgiou (coauthor of this paper); and Munday (1968)-John C. Munday Jr. (also a coauthor of this paper)] of one of us (Govindjee) in Biophysics at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) during the late 1960s (1963-1968)...
May 18, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522894/interventional-audiology-to-address-hearing-health-care-disparities-oyendo-bien-pilot-study
#8
REVIEW
Nicole Marrone, Maia Ingram, Maria Somoza, Daisey Sánchez Jacob, Adriana Sanchez, Stephanie Adamovich, Frances P Harris
Interventional audiology, specifically community-based outreach, can connect people with the hearing health care system. Community-based participatory research methods were applied in two phases of research to: (1) investigate the needs of families affected by hearing loss in a rural Arizona community on the U.S.-Mexico border; and (2) evaluate an outreach program on hearing health. The needs assessment included interviews with persons with hearing loss and focus groups with family members and the greater community...
May 2017: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520707/using-molecular-characterization-to-support-investigations-of-aquatic-facility-associated-outbreaks-of-cryptosporidiosis-alabama-arizona-and-ohio-2016
#9
Michele C Hlavsa, Dawn M Roellig, Matthew H Seabolt, Amy M Kahler, Jennifer L Murphy, Taishayla K McKitt, Evelyn F Geeter, Ron Dawsey, Sherri L Davidson, Thuy N Kim, Theresa H Tucker, Sally Ann Iverson, Brenna Garrett, Nicole Fowle, Jennifer Collins, Gregory Epperson, Scott Zusy, Joli R Weiss, Ken Komatsu, Edwin Rodriguez, J Gage Patterson, Rebecca Sunenshine, Brandi Taylor, Katie Cibulskas, Lynn Denny, Keoni Omura, Boris Tsorin, Kathleen E Fullerton, Lihua Xiao
Cryptosporidiosis is a nationally notifiable gastrointestinal illness caused by parasitic protozoa of the genus Cryptosporidium, which can cause profuse, watery diarrhea that can last up to 2-3 weeks in immunocompetent patients and can lead to life-threatening wasting and malabsorption in immunocompromised patients. Fecal-oral transmission of Cryptosporidium oocysts, the parasite's infectious life stage, occurs via ingestion of contaminated recreational water, drinking water, or food, or following contact with infected persons or animals, particularly preweaned bovine calves (1)...
May 19, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514633/why-have-multiple-plastic-responses-interactions-between-color-change-and-heat-avoidance-behavior-in-battus-philenor-larvae
#10
Matthew E Nielsen, Daniel R Papaj
Having multiple plastic responses to a change in the environment, such as increased temperature, can be adaptive for two major reasons: synergy (the plastic responses perform better when expressed simultaneously) or complementarity (each plastic response provides a greater net benefit in a different environmental context). We investigated these hypotheses for two forms of temperature-induced plasticity of Battus philenor caterpillars in southern Arizona populations: color change (from black to red at high temperatures) and heat avoidance behavior (movement from host to elevated refuges at high host temperatures)...
June 2017: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497034/comparison-of-fluoride-levels-in-tap-and-bottled-water-and-reported-use-of-fluoride-supplementation-in-a-united-states-mexico-border-community
#11
Kerton R Victory, Nolan L Cabrera, Daniela Larson, Kelly A Reynolds, Joyce Latura, Cynthia A Thomson, Paloma I Beamer
BACKGROUND: Compared to the general United States (U.S.) population, Arizona counties along the U.S.-Mexico border have a higher prevalence of dental caries, which can be reduced with adequate fluoride exposure. Because of concern regarding local tap water quality, fluoride-free bottled water consumption is common in this region, raising concern that families are not receiving adequate fluoride to promote dental health. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the levels of fluoride in tap and bottled water as well as the use of fluoride supplements in an Arizona border community...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495527/facilitating-state-wide-collaboration-around-family-planning-care-in-the-context-of-zika
#12
Christine Dehlendorf, Loretta Gavin, Jacki Witt, Susan Moskosky
INTRODUCTION: Family planning providers have an important role to play in the response to the public health challenge posed by Zika. In the United States, there are high rates of unintended pregnancy, especially in states most at risk for mosquito-borne transmission of the Zika virus. This paper describes efforts by eight of these states (Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, and Texas) to build capacity for quality family planning care in the context of Zika...
May 8, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486499/importance-of-neutral-processes-varies-in-time-and-space-evidence-from-dryland-stream-ecosystems
#13
Xiaoli Dong, David A Lytle, Julian D Olden, Tiffany A Schriever, Rachata Muneepeerakul
Many ecosystems experience strong temporal variability in environmental conditions; yet, a clear picture of how niche and neutral processes operate to determine community assembly in temporally variable systems remains elusive. In this study, we constructed neutral metacommunity models to assess the relative importance of neutral processes in a spatially and temporally variable ecosystem. We analyzed macroinvertebrate community data spanning multiple seasons and years from 20 sites in a Sonoran Desert river network in Arizona...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480288/culture-proven-thorn-associated-infections-in-arizona-10-year-experience-at-mayo-clinic
#14
Sierra C Simmons, Adriane I Budavari, Shimon Kusne, Nan Zhang, Holenarasipur R Vikram, Janis E Blair
BACKGROUND: Thorn injuries are common in the desert Southwest; however, the frequency and microbiology of thorn-associated infections have not been systematically described. Most information comes from case reports describing infections from atypical or environmental microorganisms. Our aim was to summarize the spectrum of thorn-associated infections. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of electronic health records for patients presenting to our institution from January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2014 for treatment of thorn-associated injuries and then focused on the patients with cultures...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476931/a-genome-wide-association-study-using-a-custom-genotyping-array-identifies-variants-in-gpr158-associated-with-reduced-energy-expenditure-in-american-indians
#15
Paolo Piaggi, Ivica Masindova, Yunhua L Muller, Josep Mercader, Gregory B Wiessner, Peng Chen, Sayuko Kobes, Wen-Chi Hsueh, Milliejoan Mongalo, William C Knowler, Jonathan Krakoff, Robert L Hanson, Clifton Bogardus, Leslie J Baier
Pima Indians living in Arizona suffer from a high prevalence of obesity, and we have previously shown that a relatively lower energy expenditure (EE) predicts weight and fat mass gain in this population. Energy expenditure (EE) is a familial trait (heritability=0.52); therefore, in the current study, we aimed to identify genetic variants that affect EE and thereby influence BMI and body fatness in Pima Indians.Genotypic data from 491,265 variants were analyzed for association with resting metabolic rate (RMR) and 24-h EE assessed in a whole-room calorimeter in 507 and 419 Pima Indians, respectively...
May 5, 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452581/the-arizona-cognitive-test-battery-for-down-syndrome-test-retest-reliability-and-practice-effects
#16
Jamie O Edgin, Payal Anand, Tracie Rosser, Elizabeth I Pierpont, Carlos Figueroa, Debra Hamilton, Lillie Huddleston, Gina Mason, Goffredina Spanò, Lisa Toole, Mina Nguyen-Driver, George Capone, Leonard Abbeduto, Cheryl Maslen, Roger H Reeves, Stephanie Sherman
A multisite study investigated the test-retest reliability and practice effects of a battery of assessments to measure neurocognitive function in individuals with Down syndrome (DS). The study aimed to establish the appropriateness of these measures as potential endpoints for clinical trials. Neurocognitive tasks and parent report measures comprising the Arizona Cognitive Test Battery (ACTB) were administered to 54 young participants with DS (7-20 years of age) with mild to moderate levels of intellectual disability in an initial baseline evaluation and a follow-up assessment 3 months later...
May 2017: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452423/coccidioidomycosis-among-persons-undergoing-lung-transplantation-in-the-coccidioidal-endemic-region
#17
Sachin Chaudhary, Laura Meinke, Huthayfa Ateeli, Kenneth S Knox, Yuval Raz, Neil M Ampel
BACKGROUND: Coccidioidomycosis, an endemic fungal infection, is more likely to be symptomatic and severe among those receiving allogeneic transplants. While several case series have been published for various transplanted organs, none has described the incidence and outcomes in those receiving lung transplants within the coccidioidal endemic region. METHODS: Patients receiving a heart-lung, single-lung, or bilateral-lung transplantation at the University of Arizona between 1985 and 2009 were retrospectively reviewed...
April 28, 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452300/a-comparison-of-seasonal-trends-in-asthma-exacerbations-among-children-from-geographic-regions-with-different-climates
#18
Julia A Wisniewski, Anne P McLaughlin, Philip J Stenger, James Patrie, Mark A Brown, Jane M El-Dahr, Thomas A E Platts-Mills, Nora J Byrd, Peter W Heymann
BACKGROUND: The fall peak in childhood asthma exacerbations is thought to be related to an increase in viral infections and allergen exposure when children return to school. Whether the seasonality of asthma attacks among children from different geographic regions follows similar trends is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To compare seasonal trends in asthma exacerbations among school-age children who lived in different geographic locations, with different climates, within the United States...
November 1, 2016: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452107/neuroinvasive-st-louis-encephalitis-virus-infection-in-solid-organ-transplant-recipients
#19
Carlos A Hartmann, Holenarasipur R Vikram, Maria T Seville, Robert Orenstein, Shimon Kusne, Janis E Blair, Thomas E Grys, Roberto L Patron
In the summer of 2015, 3 unrelated solid organ transplant recipients had meningoencephalitis suggestive of West Nile virus (WNV) infection in Phoenix, Arizona. Testing was inconclusive but was later confirmed as St. Louis encephalitis (SLE). We retrospectively reviewed clinical manifestations, treatment, and outcomes of these transplant recipients. Common symptoms were fever, rigors, diarrhea, headache, and confusion. One patient died 3 days after hospitalization. Therapy for the 2 patients was initiated with interferon alfa-2b (IFN) and intravenous immunoglobulin G (IVIG) (IFN+IVIG in combination)...
April 27, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445566/variation-in-outcomes-at-bariatric-surgery-centers-of-excellence
#20
Andrew M Ibrahim, Amir A Ghaferi, Jyothi R Thumma, Justin B Dimick
Importance: In the United States, reports about perioperative complications associated with bariatric surgery led to the establishment of accreditation criteria for bariatric centers of excellence and many bariatric centers obtaining accreditation. Currently, most bariatric procedures occur at these centers, but to what extent they uniformly provide high-quality care remains unknown. Objective: To describe the variation in surgical outcomes across bariatric centers of excellence and the geographic availability of high-quality centers...
April 26, 2017: JAMA Surgery
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