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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684090/predictors-of-poor-outcome-in-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-a-single-center-study
#1
Emilia Stepnowska, Ewa Lewicka, Alicja Dąbrowska-Kugacka, Ludmiła Daniłowicz-Szymanowicz, Paweł Zagożdżon, Rafał Kamiński, Zuzanna Lewicka-Potocka, Paweł Miękus, Dariusz Kozłowski, Wojciech Potocki, Grzegorz Raczak
OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare disorder with unfavorable prognosis despite implementation of specific PAH-oriented therapy. The aim of the study was to define predictors of poor prognosis in patients from one center treated according to the Polish National Health Fund program. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-seven consecutive patients (30 women; aged 39±17 years) with PAH diagnosis were enrolled to the study. Clinical assessment, laboratory measurements, electrocardiogram, echocardiography, 6-minute walk test, 24-hour Holter monitoring, cardiopulmonary exercise test and microvolt T-wave alternans test were performed during routine visits...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682432/an-unusually-aggressive-large-cell-carcinoma-of-the-lung-undiagnosed-until-autopsy
#2
Kartikeya Rajdev, Abdul Hasan Siddiqui, Uroosa Ibrahim, Prateek Patibandla, Tahir Khan, Dany El-Sayegh
Large cell carcinoma (LCC) of the lung has a rapid mean volume doubling time (VDT) of around 67-134 days. In some cases of LCC where the VDT is extremely rapid, clinical presentation may mimic acute lung pathologies such as pneumonia. We describe a rare presentation of an aggressive LCC of the lung with an estimated VDT of around two weeks. A 52-year-old male with a history schizophrenia presented with fever, cough, and dyspnea for three weeks duration. His medical history was significant for a recent admission six weeks before current presentation for myocardial infarction (MI) and pneumonia...
February 19, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677085/surgical-antimicrobial-prophylaxis-among-pediatric-patients-in-south-africa-comparing-two-healthcare-settings
#3
Nicolene van der Sandt, Natalie Schellack, Lindi A Mabope, Mothahadini Pb Mawela, Danie Kruger, Brian Godman
BACKGROUND: Appropriate use of surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis (SAP) is a concern in view of its impact on morbidity, mortality and costs. Little is currently known about SAP in South Africa. OBJECTIVE: Assess compliance to SAP guidelines for pediatric patients undergoing surgery in one of four surgical sub-specialties among hospitals in South Africa. METHODS: Eight month retrospective chart review in both a teaching hospital and a private hospital between February and August 2015...
April 19, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676461/antiphospholipid-syndrome-characteristics-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-after-20-weeks-of-pregnancy
#4
Rinat Gabbay-Benziv, Hadas Zafrir-Danieli, Dorit Blickstein, Anat Shmueli, Lina Salman, Eran Hadar
OBJECTIVE: To assess outcomes after 20 weeks of pregnancy according to autoantibody profile and clinical presentation of maternal antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). METHODS: The present retrospective cohort analysis included women diagnosed with APS at a tertiary medical center in Israel between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2016. Anticardiolipin antibodies, anti-β2-glycoprotein antibodies, and lupus anticoagulant were assessed. Participants were stratified by type of APS (obstetric vs thrombotic), antibody profile, and antibody titer (low vs high)...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674908/antarctic-and-sub-antarctic-asteroidea-database
#5
Camille Moreau, Christopher Mah, Antonio Agüera, Nadia Améziane, David Barnes, Guillaume Crokaert, Marc Eléaume, Huw Griffiths, Charlène Guillaumot, Lenaïg G Hemery, Anna Jażdżewska, Quentin Jossart, Vladimir Laptikhovsky, Katrin Linse, Kate Neill, Chester Sands, Thomas Saucède, Stefano Schiaparelli, Jacek Siciński, Noémie Vasset, Bruno Danis
The present dataset is a compilation of georeferenced occurrences of asteroids (Echinodermata: Asteroidea) in the Southern Ocean. Occurrence data south of 45°S latitude were mined from various sources together with information regarding the taxonomy, the sampling source and sampling sites when available. Records from 1872 to 2016 were thoroughly checked to ensure the quality of a dataset that reaches a total of 13,840 occurrences from 4,580 unique sampling events. Information regarding the reproductive strategy (brooders vs...
2018: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673188/novel-chlorhexidine-loaded-polymeric-nanoparticles-for-root-canal-treatment
#6
Gina Quiram, Francisco Montagner, Kelli L Palmer, Mihaela C Stefan, Katherine E Washington, Danieli C Rodrigues
Persistence of microorganisms in dentinal tubules after root canal chemo-mechanical preparation has been well documented. The complex anatomy of the root canal and dentinal buffering ability make delivery of antimicrobial agents difficult. This work explores the use of a novel trilayered nanoparticle (TNP) drug delivery system that encapsulates chlorhexidine digluconate, which is aimed at improving the disinfection of the root canal system. Chlorhexidine digluconate was encapsulated inside polymeric self-assembled TNPs...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670426/contribution-to-the-knowledge-of-saprinus-erichson-1834-of-forensic-relevance-from-lebanon-coleoptera-histeridae
#7
Salman Shayya, Nicolas Dégallier, André Nel, Dany Azar, Tomáš Lackner
Many histerid beetles are necrophilous on carrion during both active and advanced stages of decomposition. In this study, 13 species of Saprinus were recorded on carrion from Lebanon, containing eight that are new for the Lebanese fauna. The following Saprinus species are newly recorded from Lebanon: 1) Saprinus (S.) caerulescens caerulescens (Hoffmann, 1803); 2) S. (S.) calatravensis Fuente, 1899; 3) S. (S.) chalcites (Illiger, 1807); 4) S. (S.) godet (Brullé, 1832); 5) S. (S.) maculatus (P. Rossi, 1792); 6) S...
2018: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669399/the-impact-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-on-the-clinical-phenotype-of-antiphospholipid-antibody-positive-patients-results-from-antiphospholipid-syndrome-alliance-for-clinical-trials-and-international-networking-aps-action-clinical-database-and-repository
#8
Ozan Unlu, Doruk Erkan, Medha Barbhaiya, Danieli Andrade, Iana Nascimento, Renata Rosa, Alessandra Banzato, Vittorio Pengo, Amaia Ugarte, Maria Gerosa, Lanlan Ji, Maria Efthymiou, D Ware Branch, Guilherme Raires de Jesus, Angela Tincani, H Michael Belmont, Paul R Fortin, Michelle Petri, Esther Rodriguez, Guillermo J Pons-Estel, Jason S Knight, Tatsuya Atsumi, Rohan Willis, Stephane Zuily, Maria G Tektonidou
OBJECTIVE: Although systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is the most common autoimmune disease associated with antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL), limited data exist on the impact of SLE on the clinical phenotype of aPL-positive patients. The primary objective was to compare the clinical, laboratory, and treatment characteristics of aPL-positive patients with or without SLE. METHODS: A secure web-based data capture system stores patient demographics, and aPL-related clinical and laboratory characteristics...
April 18, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667024/double-baltazar-procedure-for-repair-of-gastric-leakage-post-sleeve-gastrectomy-from-two-sites-case-report-of-new-surgical-technique
#9
Hussein Mcheimeche, Samer H Dbouk, Riad Saheli, Dany Lichaa, Louai S Chalaby
BACKGROUND: Staple line leak is one of the most challenging complications following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, with a rate reaching near 1%. Its management often implicates a multidisciplinary approach and experienced bariatric and metabolic surgeons. The literature is abundant on various approaches to treat single staple line leak with variable results. But what to do in front of an intra-op incidental finding of double gastric fistulae? METHODS: In this article, we describe a new successful surgical treatment option of double Baltazar technique for a patient who was found to have two gastric fistulae post-sleeve gastrectomy...
April 18, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665563/exploring-the-relationships-among-personality-traits-burnout-dimensions-and-stigma-in-a-sample-of-mental-health-professionals
#10
Leonardo Zaninotto, Genny Rossi, Andrea Danieli, Alberto Frasson, Leonardo Meneghetti, Maria Zordan, Paolo Tito, Beatrice Salvetti, Andreas Conca, Roberta Ferranti, Silvia Salcuni, Marco Solmi
A sample of mental health professionals (n = 215) from six Community Mental Health Services was examined using a short version of the Attribution Questionnaire-27, the Maslach Burnout Inventory and the Ten Items Personality Inventory to detect possible associations among stigma, burnout dimensions and personality traits. The role of demographic and professional variables was also explored. Perception of workplace safety resulted to significantly affect attitudes toward patients. The concern about being assaulted and a low level of Personal Accomplishment were both related to avoidant attitudes, while the presence of procedures for managing the violent patient was associated with a higher level of Personal Accomplishment...
April 7, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663045/infection-related-ventilator-associated-complications-in-icu-patients-colonised-with-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae
#11
François Barbier, Sébastien Bailly, Carole Schwebel, Laurent Papazian, Élie Azoulay, Hatem Kallel, Shidasp Siami, Laurent Argaud, Guillaume Marcotte, Benoît Misset, Jean Reignier, Michaël Darmon, Jean-Ralph Zahar, Dany Goldgran-Toledano, Étienne de Montmollin, Bertrand Souweine, Bruno Mourvillier, Jean-François Timsit
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical significance of infection-related ventilator-associated complications (IVAC) and their impact on carbapenem consumption in mechanically ventilated (MV) patients colonised with extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBLE). METHODS: Inception cohort study from the French prospective multicenter OUTCOMEREA database (17 ICUs, 1997-2015) including all ESBLE carriers (systematic rectal swabbing at admission then weekly and/or urinary or superficial surgical site colonisation) with MV duration > 48 h and ≥ 1 episode of IVAC after carriage documentation...
April 16, 2018: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659556/electrochemical-determination-of-norepinephrine-by-means-of-modified-glassy-carbon-electrodes-with-carbon-nanotubes-and-magnetic-nanoparticles-of-cobalt-ferrite
#12
Daniely Ferreira de Queiroz, Tony Rogério de Lima Dadamos, Sergio Antonio Spinola Machado, Marco Antonio Utrera Martines
This study describes the electrochemical preparation of the electrocatalytic oxidation/reduction of noradrenaline in modified glassy carbon of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles and carbon nanotubes (GC/MWCNT/FCo98 ). The cobalt ferrite powder was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The optimum conditions found in an electrode composition were 4 μL of cobalt ferrite and 10 μL of carbon nanotubes in 0.1 mol L-1 PBS at pH 7.0. The electrode displays electrochemical behavior in a wide potential range (-0...
April 16, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657447/evaluation-of-reproducibility-of-robotic-knee-testing-device-gnrb-on-60-healthy-knees
#13
Dany Mouarbes, Etienne Cavaignac, Philippe Chiron, Emilie Bérard, Jérôme Murgier
Introduction: There is a main concern about the usefulness and the accuracy of the different laximeters. The GnrB device is becoming more popular, but according to the literature it's not clear whether it is fully reliable. Objective: GNRB laxity measurements are not reproducible for measurement of anterior translation of the tibia. Material and methods: We analyzed the reproducibility of GNRB measurements in healthy subjects by the Test-Retest method in 2 sessions...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656674/psycho-social-approach-of-perinatal-palliative-care
#14
Barthélémy Tosello, Lionel Dany
The diagnosis of some of these antenatal pathologies is difficult to reconcile with post-natal survival. Indeed, the diagnosis and management of pregnancies complicated by lethal fetal abnormalities (LFA) pose a challenge for both the parents and the clinicians. The practices discussed are characterized by the multiple challenges involved (on professional, informational, human, and ethical levels) and question the necessity and validity of a multidisciplinary approach. Revealing professional experiences and practices and the biopsychosocial processes behind them could prove useful in advancing attitudes toward LFA, how it is managed, and the care options available...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656020/odorant-binding-protein-based-identification-of-natural-spatial-repellents-for-the-african-malaria-mosquito-anopheles-gambiae
#15
Thomas Kröber, Konstantinos Koussis, Martine Bourquin, Panagiota Tsitoura, Maria Konstantopoulou, Taiwo Sam Awolola, Francesca R Dani, Huili Qiao, Paolo Pelosi, Kostas Iatrou, Patrick M Guerin
There is increasing interest in the development of effective mosquito repellents of natural origin to reduce transmission of diseases such as malaria and yellow fever. To achieve this we have employed an in vitro competition assay involving odorant-binding proteins (OBPs) of the malaria mosquito, Anopheles gambiae, with a predominantly female expression bias to identify plant essential oils (EOs) containing bioactive compounds that target mosquito olfactory function. EOs and their fractions capable of binding to such OBPs displayed repellence against female mosquitoes in a laboratory repellence assay...
April 12, 2018: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655925/translation-of-public-health-theory-into-nursing-practice-optimization-of-a-nurse-driven-hiv-testing-program-in-the-emergency-department
#16
Madeleine Whalen, Bhakti Hansoti, Yu-Hsiang Hsieh, Mustapha Saheed, Dani Signer, Richard Rothman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2018: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653265/proteomic-analysis-of-chemosensory-organs-in-the-honey-bee-parasite-varroa-destructor-a-comprehensive-examination-of-the-potential-carriers-for-semiochemicals
#17
Immacolata Iovinella, Alison McAfee, Guido Mastrobuoni, Stefan Kempa, Leonard J Foster, Paolo Pelosi, Francesca Romana Dani
We have performed a proteomic analysis on chemosensory organs of Varroa destructor, the honey bee mite, in order to identify putative soluble carriers for pheromones and other olfactory cues emitted by the host. In particular, we have analysed forelegs, mouthparts (palps, chelicera and hypostome) and the second pair of legs (as control tissue) in reproductive and phoretic stages of the Varroa life cycle. We identified 958 Varroa proteins, most of them common to the different organs and stages. Sequence analysis shows that four proteins can be assigned to the odorant-binding protein (OBP)-like class, which bear some similarity to insect OBPs, but so far have only been reported in some Chelicerata...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652424/pre-discharge-test-may-worsen-cognitive-functioning-in-patients-with-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator
#18
Alicja Raczak, Ludmiła Daniłowicz-Szymanowicz, Maciej Kempa, Anna Korsak, Emilia Kisicka, Ewa Lewicka, Mikołaj Majkowicz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627951/risk-factors-for-recurrent-clostridium-difficile-infection-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-israel
#19
Wasef Na'amnih, Amos Adler, Tamar Miller-Roll, Dani Cohen, Yehuda Carmeli
To estimate the rate and identified risk factors for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (rCDI) in Israel. We conducted a retro-prospective case-control study of all adult (age ≥ 18 years) patients with an initial episode of CDI (iCDI) at Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2014. We collected demographic, clinical, and epidemiological information for patients who were classified as recurrent (cases) and non-recurrent (control) groups. In total, 648 patients with iCDI were identified in the study...
April 7, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626305/prevalence-and-predictors-of-preoperative-venous-thromboembolism-in-asymptomatic-patients-undergoing-major-oncologic-surgery
#20
Melanie L Gainsbury, Jennifer Erdrich, Dani Taubman, James Mirocha, Nicholas Manguso, Farin Amersi, Allan W Silberman
BACKGROUND: Postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a leading cause of in-hospital mortality for cancer patients; however, the prevalence of preoperative VTE remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors associated with preoperative VTE in asymptomatic patients undergoing major oncologic surgery. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 346 patients identified from our prospectively maintained database of patients undergoing abdominopelvic oncologic surgery from 2009 to 2016...
April 6, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
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