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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020095/a-multiplex-pcr-mini-barcode-assay-to-identify-processed-shark-products-in-the-global-trade
#1
Diego Cardeñosa, Andrew Fields, Debra Abercrombie, Kevin Feldheim, Stanley K H Shea, Demian D Chapman
Protecting sharks from overexploitation has become global priority after widespread population declines have occurred. Tracking catches and trade on a species-specific basis has proven challenging, in part due to difficulties in identifying processed shark products such as fins, meat, and liver oil. This has hindered efforts to implement regulations aimed at promoting sustainable use of commercially important species and protection of imperiled species. Genetic approaches to identify shark products exist but are typically based on sequencing or amplifying large DNA regions and may fail to work on heavily processed products in which DNA is degraded...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989243/a-comprehensive-review-on-rasam-a-south-indian-traditional-functional-food
#2
REVIEW
Agilandeswari Devarajan, M K Mohanmarugaraja
The view that food can have an expanded role that goes well beyond providing a source of nutrients truly applies to traditional functional foods. The systematic consumption of such traditional functional food provides an excellent preventive measure to ward off many diseases. Rasam, a soup of spices, is a traditional South Indian food. It is traditionally prepared using tamarind juice as a base, with the addition of Indian sesame oil, turmeric, tomato, chili pepper, pepper, garlic, cumin, curry leaves, mustard, coriander, asafoetida, sea salt, and water...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972243/assessment-of-clinical-practices-for-crushing-medication-in-geriatric-units
#3
M Fodil, D Nghiem, M Colas, S Bourry, A-S Poisson-Salomon, H Rezigue, C Trivalle
OBJECTIVES: To assess the modification of the form of medication and evaluate staff observance of good clinical practices. DESIGN: One-day assessment of clinical practices. SETTING: 17 geriatrics units in the 3 Teaching Hospitals of Paris-Sud (APHP), France. PARTICIPANTS: Elderly in-patients with difficulties swallowing capsules and tablets. MEASUREMENTS: Assessment of target-patient prescriptions and direct observation of nurses' medical rounds...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971280/reproductive-ovarian-testing-and-the-alphabet-soup-of-diagnoses-dor-poi-pof-por-and-for
#4
REVIEW
Lisa M Pastore, Mindy S Christianson, James Stelling, William G Kearns, James H Segars
There are large variations in the number of oocytes within each woman, and biologically, the total quantity is at its maximum before the woman is born. Scientific knowledge is limited about factors controlling the oocyte pool and how to measure it. Within fertility clinics, there is no uniform agreement on the diagnostic criteria for each common measure of ovarian reserve in women, and thus, studies often conflict. While declining oocyte quantity/quality is a normal physiologic occurrence as women age, some women experience diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) much earlier than usual and become prematurely infertile...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968452/mediators-of-the-effects-of-rice-intake-on-health-in-individuals-consuming-a-traditional-japanese-diet-centered-on-rice
#5
Minori Koga, Atsuhito Toyomaki, Akane Miyazaki, Yukiei Nakai, Atsuko Yamaguchi, Chizuru Kubo, Junko Suzuki, Iwao Ohkubo, Mari Shimizu, Manabu Musashi, Yoshinobu Kiso, Ichiro Kusumi
Although the Japanese diet is believed to be balanced and healthy, its benefits have been poorly investigated, especially in terms of effects on mental health. We investigated dietary patterns and physical and mental health in the Japanese population using an epidemiological survey to determine the health benefits of the traditional Japanese diet. Questionnaires to assess dietary habits, quality of life, sleep quality, impulsivity, and depression severity were distributed to 550 randomly selected middle-aged and elderly individuals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959677/elements-of-kitchen-toxicology-to-exploit-the-value-of-traditional-african-recipes-the-case-of-egusi-okra-meal-in-the-diet-of-hiv-aids-subjects
#6
Chiara Frazzoli, Francesca Mazzanti, Mercy Bih Achu, Guy Bertrand Pouokam, Elie Fokou
The Egusi Okra soup is a traditional African meal that is considered of high nutritional value and protective against weight loss. We introduce the concept of "kitchen toxicology" to analyse the recipe of the Egusi Okra soup and highlight possible mitigation measures for toxic and/or antinutritional effects in the wide spectrum of health and nutritional needs of HIV+/AIDS subjects. In particular, we focus on toxicants (environmental contaminants, process contaminants, substances leaching from food contact materials) dysregulating the immune status, as well as on interactions between nutrients, contaminants, and/or antinutrients which may lead to secondary/conditioned nutritional deficiencies or imbalances; in their turn, these can modulate the ability to cope with toxicants, and increase nutritional requirements...
2017: Toxicology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951238/beliefs-and-practices-regarding-solid-food-introduction-among-latino-parents-in-northern-california
#7
Amy L Beck, Kristin S Hoeft, John I Takayama, Judith C Barker
Latino children are more likely to be obese than non-Hispanic white children, and feeding patterns that begin in infancy may contribute to this disparity. The objective of this study was to elucidate beliefs and practices related to the introduction of solids and solid food feeding in the first year of life among low-income Latino parents residing in Northern California. We conducted 26 semi-structured interviews that explored the timing of introduction of solids, selection of foods to serve to infants, feeding strategies, sources of information on solid food feeding and concerns about infant weight...
September 23, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951062/talinum-triangulare-whole-wheat-meal-fortified-with-soy-flour-consumed-with-talinum-triangulare-gbure-soup-glycemic-index-and-the-test-human-subjects-lipid-profiles
#8
Sunday Adeola Emaleku, Olusola D Omueti, Godsent Oluwakemi Emaleku
AIM: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are some of the leading causes of death in the world, and diet has roles in their etiology. This research study therefore investigates the glycemic index (GI) of soy flour fortified whole wheat meal (SFFWWM) consumed with Talinum triangulare (gbure) soup and the effects of the meal on the lipid profiles of the test human subjects. METHODS: The control human subjects and test human subjects were fed D-glucose (DG) and whole wheat meal (WWM) with Talinum triangulare soup respectively on the first day of the experiment, and SFFWWM with the same soup the next day (for test subjects only) after 10-12h overnight fasting...
August 24, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902163/infants-and-children-s-salt-taste-perception-and-liking-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Djin G Liem
Sodium is an essential nutrient for the human body. It is widely used as sodium chloride (table salt) in (processed) foods and overconsumed by both children and adults, placing them at risk for adverse health effects such as high blood pressure and cardiovascular diseases. The current review focusses on the development of salt taste sensitivity and preferences, and its association with food intake. Three -to- four month old infants are able to detect and prefer sodium chloride solutions over plain water, which is thought to be a biological unlearned response...
September 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895669/glycemic-load-and-carbohydrates-content-in-the-diets-of-cancer-patients
#10
Anna Czekajło, Dorota Różańska, Anna Mandecka, Klaudia Konikowska, Malwina Madalińska, Andrzej Szuba, Bożena Regulska-Ilow
Background: Glycemic load (GL) is used to evaluate how various food products affect blood sugar level. According to some studies, high dietary GL may increase the risk of cancer development and recurrence. Objective: The aim of the study was to assess dietary glycemic load and intake of carbohydrates derived from various food products by patients staying on an oncological ward. Material and methods: The study group included 100 cancer patients aged 19-83 years (59...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893250/association-between-dietary-patterns-and-cognitive-function-among-70-year-old-japanese-elderly-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-sonic-study
#11
Hitomi Okubo, Hiroki Inagaki, Yasuyuki Gondo, Kei Kamide, Kazunori Ikebe, Yukie Masui, Yasumichi Arai, Tatsuro Ishizaki, Satoshi Sasaki, Takeshi Nakagawa, Mai Kabayama, Ken Sugimoto, Hiromi Rakugi, Yoshinobu Maeda
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of studies in Western countries have shown that healthy dietary patterns may have a protective effect against cognitive decline and dementia. However, information on this relationship among non-Western populations with different cultural settings is extremely limited. We aim to examine the relationship between dietary patterns and cognitive function among older Japanese people. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 635 community-dwelling people aged 69-71 years who participated in the prospective cohort study titled Septuagenarians, Octogenarians, Nonagenarians Investigation with Centenarians (SONIC)...
September 11, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888145/nmr-based-identification-of-the-major-bioactive-molecules-from-an-italian-cultivar-of-lycium-barbarum
#12
Annalisa Lopatriello, Rosario Previtera, Simona Pace, Markus Werner, Luigi Rubino, Oliver Werz, Orazio Taglialatela-Scafati, Martino Forino
Lycium barbarum (Solanaceae), long known to the traditional Chinese medicine because of its many health-promoting effects, has of late spread widely across the Western hemisphere, mainly on account of the nutritional richness in vitamins, minerals and antioxidant metabolites of its fruits. Data on bioactive metabolites from fruits and leaves, which are commonly consumed in soups and salads, are scarce and sometimes even contradictory. By means of NMR, the present study identified the specialised products contained in an Italian cultivar of L...
September 6, 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869909/dietary-patterns-and-depressive-symptoms-during-pregnancy-in-japan-baseline-data-from-the-kyushu-okinawa-maternal-and-child-health-study
#13
Yoshihiro Miyake, Keiko Tanaka, Hitomi Okubo, Satoshi Sasaki, Shinya Furukawa, Masashi Arakawa
BACKGROUND: Only one Brazilian study has examined the association between dietary patterns and depressive symptoms during pregnancy. The current cross-sectional study examined this issue in Japan. METHODS: Study subjects were 1744 pregnant women. Between April 2007 and March 2008, information under study was obtained. Dietary patterns were derived from a factor analysis of 33 predefined food groups based on a self-administered diet history questionnaire. Depressive symptoms were defined as a Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale score ≥ 16...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867103/recipe-standardization-nutrient-composition-and-sensory-evaluation-of-waterleaf-talinum-triangulare-and-wild-spinach-gnetum-africanum-soup-afang-commonly-consumed-in-south-south-nigeria
#14
Yetunde E Alozie, Henrietta N Ene-Obong
One hundred recipes of waterleaf and wild spinach soup (afang) consumed among the Ibibios in South-south Nigeria were collected through interview and questionnaire from indigenous homemakers and food sellers, harmonized, standardized, prepared and their nutrient content calculated. Mean weights of ingredients were calculated to obtain the control recipe. Major ingredients in the soup were analyzed chemically. Edible portions, retention factors to be applied in recipe calculation were determined. Sensory evaluation was conducted on five of the most preferred recipes on a nine-point hedonic scale...
January 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867081/is-sodium-and-potassium-content-of-commonly-consumed-processed-packaged-foods-a-cause-of-concern
#15
Meenu Singh, Suneeta Chandorkar
Processed foods are the major contributors towards sodium intake thereby pre-disposing individuals towards risk of Diet Related Non-communicable Diseases (DR-NCDs). There is paucity of data on sodium and potassium content of processed packaged foods in India. The sodium and potassium content of the most commonly consumed processed packaged foods (n=154) was analyzed by AOAC 969.23 method using Flame Photometer. Highest analyzed mean sodium content was found in soups (4823±1674mg/100g, range=3220 to 8000mg/100g) while the potassium content was highest in chips with a mean of 778±260mg/100g and ranged between 360 and 1220mg/100g...
January 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859314/the-role-of-multispecies-social-interactions-in-shaping-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-pathogenicity-in-the-cystic-fibrosis-lung
#16
Siobhán O'Brien, Joanne L Fothergill
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a major pathogen in the lungs of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. However, it is now recognised that a diverse microbial community exists in the airways comprising aerobic and anaerobic bacteria as well as fungi and viruses. This rich soup of microorganisms provides ample opportunity for interspecies interactions, particularly when considering secreted compounds. Here, we discuss how P. aeruginosa-secreted products can have community-wide effects, with the potential to ultimately shape microbial community dynamics within the lung...
August 15, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857333/mri-assessment-of-the-postprandial-gastrointestinal-motility-and-peptide-response-in-healthy-humans
#17
A Khalaf, C L Hoad, A Menys, A Nowak, S A Taylor, S Paparo, M Lingaya, Y Falcone, G Singh, R C Spiller, P A Gowland, L Marciani, G W Moran
BACKGROUND: Feeding triggers inter-related gastrointestinal (GI) motor, peptide and appetite responses. These are rarely studied together due to methodological limitations. Recent MRI advances allow pan-intestinal, non-invasive assessment of motility in the undisturbed gut. This study aimed to develop a methodology to assess pan-intestinal motility and transit in a single session using MRI and compare imaging findings to GI peptide responses to a test meal and symptoms in a healthy volunteer cohort...
August 31, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843973/acute-effects-of-monosodium-glutamate-addition-to-whey-protein-on-appetite-food-intake-blood-glucose-insulin-and-gut-hormones-in-healthy-young-men
#18
G Harvey Anderson, Hrvoje Fabek, Rajadurai Akilen, Diptendu Chatterjee, Ruslan Kubant
AIMS: This study investigated the effects of adding monosodium glutamate (MSG) to carrot soup with or without whey protein, on subjective appetite, food intake (FI) and satiety hormones in healthy young men. METHODS: Two experiments were conducted using a repeated-measures, within-subject, crossover design. In exp-1 healthy young men (n = 28) consumed water alone (500 mL), or carrot soup (500 g) with or without MSG (5 g, 1% w/w) or whey protein enriched (36 g) carrot soup with or without MSG (5 g, 1% w/w)...
August 24, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842814/protein-kinase-c-%C3%AE-contributes-to-central-sensitization-in-a-rat-model-of-chronic-migraine
#19
Baixue Wu, Sha Wang, Guangcheng Qin, Jingmei Xie, Ge Tan, Jiying Zhou, Lixue Chen
Protein kinase C γ (PKCγ) is a critical regulator of central sensitization and is widely recognized to be involved in the pathogenesis of chronic migraine (CM). However, the function of PKCγ in CM remains unknown. This study investigated the role of PKCγ on pathogenesis of CM. We repeated infusions of inflammatory soup (IS) on the intact dura of conscious rats to model recurrent trigeminovascular or dural nociceptor activation assumed to occur in patients with CM. The von Frey test was then used to detect changes in pain threshold...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836716/education-of-the-postprandial-experience-by-a-sensory-cognitive-intervention
#20
T Pribic, H Vilaseca, A Nieto, L Hernandez, C Malagelada, A Accarino, J Roca, F Azpiroz
BACKGROUND: Ingestion of a meal induces homeostasis-related sensations (satiety/fullness) that have a hedonic dimension (satisfaction/mood). We have previously shown that a previous physiological intervention, a meal preload, influences the responses to a subsequent meal, specifically: it increases satiety/fullness and decreases satisfaction. We now wished to determine the differential effects of education on the homeostatic and hedonic postprandial experience. METHODS: Randomized, parallel study comparing the effect of real vs sham education on the responses to a probe meal...
August 24, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
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