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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102511/some-nutritional-characteristics-of-enzymatically-resistant-maltodextrin-from-cassava-manihot-esculenta-crantz-starch
#1
Rocío Toraya-Avilés, Maira Segura-Campos, Luis Chel-Guerrero, David Betancur-Ancona
Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) native starch was treated with pyroconversion and enzymatic hydrolysis to produce a pyrodextrin and an enzyme-resistant maltodextrin. Some nutritional characteristics were quantified for both compounds. Pyroconversion was done using a 160:1 (p/v) starch:HCl ratio, 90 °C temperature and 3 h reaction time. The resulting pyrodextrin contained 46.21% indigestible starch and 78.86% dietary fiber. Thermostable α-amylase (0.01%) was used to hydrolyze the pyrodextrin at 95 °C for 5 min...
January 19, 2017: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101150/promising-effects-of-chinese-traditional-treatment-for-child-typhoid-complicated-by-myocarditis
#2
Jing Tian, Xinjiang An, Mingyu Fu, Qingwen Wang
The clinical effects were compared and analyzed of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) 'Ling Gui Long Mu soup' combined with the conventional Western medications in treating child typhoid complicated by myocarditis. From July, 2010 to May, 2014, 54 children suffering from typhoid complicated by myocarditis were enrolled in the present study. The patients were divided into the observation and control groups (n=27 cases per group) according to the random number table. Patients in the observation group were treated with basic Western medicine combined with TCM 'Ling Gui Long Mu soup' while patients in the control group were treated only with Western medicine...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100920/within-country-variation-of-salt-intake-assessed-via-urinary-excretion-in-japan-a-multilevel-analysis-in-all-47-prefectures
#3
Ken Uechi, Keiko Asakura, Shizuko Masayasu, Satoshi Sasaki
Salt intake in Japan remains high; therefore, exploring within-country variation in salt intake and its cause is an important step in the establishment of salt reduction strategies. However, no nationwide evaluation of this variation has been conducted by urinalysis. We aimed to clarify whether within-country variation in salt intake exists in Japan after adjusting for individual characteristics. Healthy men (n=1027) and women (n=1046) aged 20-69 years were recruited from all 47 prefectures of Japan. Twenty-four-hour sodium excretion was estimated using three spot urine samples collected on three nonconsecutive days...
January 19, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100827/insights-into-resource-consumption-cross-feeding-system-collapse-stability-and-biodiversity-from-an-artificial-ecosystem
#4
Yu Liu, David Sumpter
Community ecosystems at very different levels of biological organization often have similar properties. Coexistence of multiple species, cross-feeding, biodiversity and fluctuating population dynamics are just a few of the properties that arise in a range of ecological settings. Here we develop a bottom-up model of consumer-resource interactions, in the form of an artificial ecosystem 'number soup', which reflects basic properties of many bacterial and other community ecologies. We demonstrate four key properties of the number soup model: (i) communities self-organize so that all available resources are fully consumed; (ii) reciprocal cross-feeding is a common evolutionary outcome, which evolves in a number of stages, and many transitional species are involved; (iii) the evolved ecosystems are often 'robust yet fragile', with keystone species required to prevent the whole system from collapsing; (iv) non-equilibrium dynamics and chaotic patterns are general properties, readily generating rich biodiversity...
January 2017: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088208/stirring-the-motivational-soup-within-person-latent-profiles-of-motivation-in-exercise
#5
Magnus Lindwall, Andreas Ivarsson, Karin Weman-Josefsson, Linus Jonsson, Nikos Ntoumanis, Heather Patrick, Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, David Markland, Pedro Teixeira
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to use a person-oriented analytical approach to identify latent motivational profiles, based on the different behavioural regulations for exercise, and to examine differences in satisfaction of basic psychological needs (competence, autonomy and relatedness) and exercise behaviour across these motivational profiles. METHODS: Two samples, consisting of 1084 and 511 adults respectively, completed exercise-related measures of behavioural regulation and psychological need satisfaction as well as exercise behaviour...
January 14, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077281/does-acute-or-habitual-protein-deprivation-influence-liking-for-monosodium-glutamate
#6
Una Masic, Martin R Yeomans
The umami flavour generated by monosodium glutamate (MSG) has been proposed as the marker for the presence of protein in foods. As protein is the most closely regulated macronutrient in the diet, the present study addressed whether acute protein deprivation, habitual protein intake or a combination of the two influenced liking for the taste of MSG. 24 low-restraint male participants (mean age: 22; BMI: 23) consumed either their habitual breakfast (baseline), a low protein breakfast (breakfast meal with low protein milk and milkshake) or a high protein breakfast (breakfast meal with high protein milk and milkshake) on three different days, and then evaluated the acceptability of umami (MSG), salty (NaCl) or sweet (Acesulphame K) tastes at low or high concentrations in a soup context at lunchtime...
January 7, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049996/the-effects-of-the-habitual-consumption-of-miso-soup-on-the-blood-pressure-and-heart-rate-of-japanese-adults-a-cross-sectional-study-of-a-health-examination
#7
Koji Ito, Kenji Miyata, Masahiro Mohri, Hideki Origuchi, Hideo Yamamoto
Objective It is recommended that middle-aged and elderly individuals reduce their salt intake because of the high prevalence of hypertension. The consumption of miso soup is associated with salt intake, and the reduced consumption of miso soup has been recommended. Recent studies have demonstrated that the consumption of miso soup can attenuate an autonomic imbalance in animal models. However, it is unclear whether these results are applicable to humans. This study examined the cross-sectional association between the frequency of miso soup consumption and the blood pressure and heart rate of human subjects...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049274/iron-release-from-the-lucky-iron-fish%C3%A2-safety-considerations
#8
Gavin R Armstrong, Cate E Dewey, Alastair Js Summerlee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The principal objective was to explore in greater detail safety issues with regard to the use of the Lucky Iron Fish® (fish) as a treatment for iron deficiency and iron deficiency anaemia in women in rural Cambodia. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Experiments were done to determine: (1) purity of the iron in the fish by mass spectroscopy; (2) release of iron and contaminants released during boiling in water using inductive-ly-coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy; (3) the impact of cooking time, acidity and number of fish in acidified water and two types of Khmer soups; and (4) drinkability of the water after boiling with different num-bers of fish...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999843/preference-of-food-saltiness-and-willingness-to-consume-low-sodium-content-food-in-a-chinese-population
#9
P H Chau, H H Y Ngai, A Y M Leung, S F Li, L O Y Yeung, K C Tan-Un
OBJECTIVE: To compare the preference of food saltiness and the willingness to consume low-sodium food among hypertensive older people, non-hypertensive older people and non-hypertensive young people in a Chinese population. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study based on a quota sample. Three saltiness options (low-sodium, medium-sodium and high-sodium) of soup and bread were offered to each participant who rated the taste of each food on a 5-point Likert scale. Then, the participants rated their willingness to consume the low-sodium content foods on a 5-point Likert scale, given they were informed of the benefit of the low-sodium option...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984195/abnormal-mitochondrial-dynamics-and-impaired-mitochondrial-biogenesis-in-trigeminal-ganglion-neurons-in-a-rat-model-of-migraine
#10
Xin Dong, Xinying Guan, Keyan Chen, Shanquan Jin, Chengyun Wang, Lanyun Yan, Zhaochun Shi, Xue Zhang, Ling Chen, Qi Wan
Accumulating evidence has demonstrated a possible role of mitochondrial dysfunction in migraine pathophysiology. Migraine sufferers exhibit impaired metabolic capacity, with an increased formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Mitochondrial dynamics and mitochondrial biogenesis are key processes regulating mitochondrial homeostasis. The aim of this study was to explore the alterations of mitochondrial regulatory networks in a rat model of migraine induced by repeated dural stimulation with inflammatory soup (IS)...
October 28, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976554/stepwise-diet-management-in-pediatric-gastrointestinal-graft-versus-host-disease
#11
Nevra Koç, Mehmet Gündüz, M Fatih Azık, Betül Tavil, Dilek Gürlek-Gökçebay, Eda Özaydın, Bahattin Tunç, Duygu Uçkan
Gastrointestinal tract is one of the major systems affected by graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Injury to the gut during conditioning therapy before stem-cell transplantation (SCT) plays a pivotal role in the initiation of inflammatory stimuli. We reviewed medical records of the patients who underwent SCT between April 2010 and June 2013 in our center. A stepwise upgrade diet was given to the children with acute GI-GVHD (Gastrointestinal GVHD) including parenteral and enteral nutrition. A total of 105 patients underwent SCT and seven patients developed grade III-IV acute GI-GVHD...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965640/rnaseq-analysis-of-endornavirus-infected-vs-endornavirus-free-common-bean-phaseolus-vulgaris-cultivar-black-turtle-soup
#12
Surasak Khankhum, Noa Sela, Juan M Osorno, Rodrigo A Valverde
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941253/fermented-food-consumption-and-psychological-distress-in-pregnant-women-a-nationwide-birth-cohort-study-of-the-japan-environment-and-children-s-study
#13
Fumiaki Takahashi, Hidekazu Nishigori, Toshie Nishigori, Satoshi Mizuno, Taku Obara, Hirohito Metoki, Kasumi Sakurai, Mami Ishikuro, Noriyuki Iwama, Nozomi Tatsuta, Ichiko Nishijima, Ikuma Fujiwara, Takahiro Arima, Kunihiko Nakai, Takashi Sugiyama, Shinichi Kuriyama, Nobuo Yaegashi
Health benefits of fermented foods are attracting attention worldwide, and they have been traditionally eaten in Japan. Moreover, a recent study showed the association between the higher intake of yogurt and lower prevalence of depressive symptoms during pregnancy. Psychological problems, such as anxiety and depression, during pregnancy are serious health concerns and may increase the risk of adverse outcomes in children. In this study, we explored the association between fermented food consumption and psychological distress in 10,129 pregnant Japanese women, using the fixed data of the Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS), an ongoing nation-wide birth cohort study...
2016: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933493/norovirus-gii-pe-genotype-tracking-a-foodborne-outbreak-on-a-cruise-ship-through-molecular-epidemiology-brazil-2014
#14
Simone Guadagnucci Morillo, Adriana Luchs, Audrey Cilli, Cibele Daniel Ribeiro, Rita de Cássia Compagnoli Carmona, Maria do Carmo Sampaio Tavares Timenetsky
Norovirus (NoV) is recognized as the most common cause of foodborne outbreaks. In 2014, an outbreak of acute gastroenteritis occurred on a cruise ship in Brazil, and NoV became the suspected etiology. Here we present the molecular identification of the NoV strains and the use of sequence analysis to determine modes of virus transmission. Food (cream cheese, tuna salad, grilled fish, orange mousse, and vegetables soup) and clinical samples were analyzed by ELISA, conventional RT-PCR, qRT-PCR, and sequencing...
December 8, 2016: Food and Environmental Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928114/thorough-mastication-prior-to-swallowing-increases-postprandial-satiety-and-the-thermic-effect-of-a-meal-in-young-women
#15
Naho Komai, Naoko Motokubota, Maki Suzuki, Ikuyo Hayashi, Toshio Moritani, Narumi Nagai
There is evidence to support that mastication may contribute to the prevention of weight gain via reduction of appetite sensations and subsequent energy intake. However, the metabolic effect of mastication after consumption of a daily meal, composed of the staple food (rice), soup, main and side dishes, is limited. Therefore, the effect of thorough mastication on greater satiety and the thermic effect of a meal (TEM) was investigated in young women. In study 1, energy expenditure (EE) derived from masticatory muscle activity for 20 min was measured while chewing hard, tasteless, non-caloric gum in seven subjects...
2016: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923940/the-auditory-kuleshov-effect-multisensory-integration-in-movie-editing
#16
Andreas M Baranowski, H Hecht
Almost a hundred years ago, the Russian filmmaker Lev Kuleshov conducted his now famous editing experiment in which different objects were added to a given film scene featuring a neutral face. It is said that the audience interpreted the unchanged facial expression as a function of the added object (e.g., an added soup made the face express hunger). This interaction effect has been dubbed "Kuleshov effect." In the current study, we explored the role of sound in the evaluation of facial expressions in films...
December 5, 2016: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919551/defining-the-core-microbiome-in-corals-microbial-soup
#17
REVIEW
Alejandra Hernandez-Agreda, Ruth D Gates, Tracy D Ainsworth
Corals are considered one of the most complex microbial biospheres studied to date, hosting thousands of bacterial phylotypes in species-specific associations. There are, however, substantial knowledge gaps and challenges in understanding the functional significance of bacterial communities and bacterial symbioses of corals. The ubiquitous nature of some bacterial interactions has only recently been investigated and an accurate differentiation between the healthy (symbiotic) and unhealthy (dysbiotic) microbial state has not yet been determined...
December 2, 2016: Trends in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916910/excited-state-dynamics-of-melamine-and-its-lysine-derivative-investigated-by-femtosecond-transient-absorption-spectroscopy
#18
Yuyuan Zhang, Ashley A Beckstead, Yuesong Hu, Xijun Piao, Dennis Bong, Bern Kohler
Melamine may have been an important prebiotic information carrier, but its excited-state dynamics, which determine its stability under UV radiation, have never been characterized. The ability of melamine to withstand the strong UV radiation present on the surface of the early Earth is likely to have affected its abundance in the primordial soup. Here, we studied the excited-state dynamics of melamine (a proto-nucleobase) and its lysine derivative (a proto-nucleoside) using the transient absorption technique with a UV pump, and UV and infrared probe pulses...
November 30, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908552/weight-following-birth-and-childhood-dietary-intake-a%C3%A2-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Maria João Fonseca, Catarina Durão, Carla Lopes, Ana Cristina Santos
OBJECTIVES: Unhealthy childhood dietary habits track through life and are independent and modifiable risk factors for disease. Therefore, it is essential to understand the factors involved. We aimed to evaluate the associations of birthweight (BW) and newborn weight change (NWC) during the first 96 h of life and childhood longitudinal weight trajectories with dietary intake at age 4. METHODS: As part of the Generation XXI birth cohort (G21), children were recruited in 2005 and 2006 at all public units providing obstetrical and neonatal care in Porto, Portugal...
January 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892825/strange-bedfellows-anachronisms-identity-politics-and-the-queer-case-of-trans
#20
Nerissa Gailey
This article explores trans identities, as articulated within a few historical texts. From early literary depictions of gender difference, to medicalized conceptions of transsexualism, to a proliferation of trans and queer identities represented by an ever-expanding "alphabet soup" of identity labels, our understandings of identities, sexualities, and queer community-building continue to change. I utilize the notion of "kind-making," as elaborated upon in the work of Ian Hacking, to illustrate that some queer and trans identifications are affiliative, while others are contrastive or oppositional in nature, and these structural differences have important implications with respect to understanding identity and sexuality, and also trans inclusion within LGBT communities and activist efforts...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
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