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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447201/estimation-model-for-habitual-24-hour-urinary-sodium-excretion-using-simple-questionnaires-from-normotensive-koreans
#1
Ji-Sook Kong, Yeon-Kyung Lee, Mi Kyung Kim, Mi-Kyeong Choi, Young-Ran Heo, Taisun Hyun, Sun Mee Kim, Eun-Soon Lyu, Se-Young Oh, Hae-Ryun Park, Moo-Yong Rhee, Hee-Kyong Ro, Mi Kyung Song
This study was conducted to develop an equation for estimation of 24-h urinary-sodium excretion that can serve as an alternative to 24-h dietary recall and 24-h urine collection for normotensive Korean adults. In total, data on 640 healthy Korean adults aged 19 to 69 years from 4 regions of the country were collected as a training set. In order to externally validate the equation developed from that training set, 200 subjects were recruited independently as a validation set. Due to heterogeneity by gender, we constructed a gender-specific equation for estimation of 24-h urinary-sodium excretion by using a multivariable linear regression model and assessed the performance of the developed equation in validation set...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422041/association-between-empirically-derived-dietary-patterns-with-blood-lipids-fasting-blood-glucose-and-blood-pressure-in-adults-the-india-migration-study
#2
Krithiga Shridhar, Ambika Satija, Preet K Dhillon, Sutapa Agrawal, Ruby Gupta, Liza Bowen, Sanjay Kinra, A V Bharathi, D Prabhakaran, K Srinath Reddy, Shah Ebrahim
BACKGROUND: Dietary patterns (DPs) in India are heterogenous. To date, data on association of indigenous DPs in India with risk factors of nutrition-related noncommunicable diseases (cardiovascular disease and diabetes), leading causes of premature death and disability, are limited. We aimed to evaluate the associations of empirically-derived DPs with blood lipids, fasting glucose and blood pressure levels in an adult Indian population recruited across four geographical regions of India...
February 8, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409795/medicinal-foods-and-beverages-among-maasai-agro-pastoralists-in-northern-tanzania
#3
Casey J Roulette, Efrem-Fred A Njau, Marsha B Quinlan, Robert J Quinlan, Douglas R Call
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Pastoralist Maasai populations of east Africa use several different wild plants as dietary and medicinal additives in beverages (soups and teas), yet little is known about how the plants used and the rationales for use compare and contrast across different Maasai beverages, including how gender specific dietary and health concerns structure patterns of intake. AIM OF THE STUDY: We investigated three Maasai beverages: almajani (tea or herbal infusion); motorí (traditional soup); and okiti (psychoactive herbal tea)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407000/the-arteriolar-injury-in-hypertension
#4
Qian Ru Gu, Yang Yang Li, Guo Rong Chen, M J Quinn
In 1937, Drs. Moritz and Oldt described arteriolar injuries in the kidneys (and other viscera) in hypertension, across the age range, in both sexes, and, in different races. This hypothesis proposes that injuries to vasomotor nerves cause the arteriolar injury in the kidney in hypertension, (as well as that in the uterus in preeclampsia). Different patterns of perivascular hyalinisation in different viscera are clues to the varying causes and consequences of arteriolar injury. In the uterus there is a symmetrical, perivascular "halo of hyalinisation" that marks the lines of extension of regenerating, injured nerves to the placental bed, whereas in the kidney there is a disordered and asymmetrical "halo of hyalinisation" where persistent, and recurrent, increases in intravascular pressures interrupt development of regenerating nerves...
February 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387569/anorexia-highlights-in-traditional-persian-medicine-and-conventional-medicine
#5
REVIEW
Majid Nimrouzi, Mohammad Mehdi Zarshenas
Objective: Anorexia and impaired appetite (Dysorexia) are common symptoms with varying causes, and often need no serious medical intervention. Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a chronic psychiatric disease with a high mortality rate. In Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM), anorexia is a condition in which anorexic patients lose appetite due to dystemperament. This review aims to discuss the common points of traditional and conventional approaches rather than introducing Persian medical recommendations suitable for nowadays use...
January 2018: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385055/effects-of-consuming-preloads-with-different-energy-density-and-taste-quality-on-energy-intake-and-postprandial-blood-glucose
#6
Siew Ling Tey, Nurhazwani Salleh, Christiani Jeyakumar Henry, Ciaran G Forde
Consumption of reduced energy dense foods and drink has the potential to reduce energy intake and postprandial blood glucose concentrations. In addition, the taste quality of a meal (e.g., sweet or savoury) may play a role in satiation and food intake. The objective of this randomised crossover study was to examine whether energy density and taste quality has an impact on energy intake and postprandial blood glucose response. Using a preload design, participants were asked to consume a sweet ("Cheng Teng") or a savoury (broth) preload soup in high energy density (HED; around 0...
January 31, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384338/nutritional-quality-and-patterns-of-lunch-menus-at-child-care-centers-in-south-korea-and-japan
#7
Sooyoun Kwon, Yoonjae Yeoh, Satoko Abe
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the nutritional quality and patterns of lunch menus provided by child care centers in South Korea and Japan. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The weekly lunch menus from Monday to Saturday that child care centers provided in November 2014 in South Korea and Japan were analyzed. For Korea, a total of 72 meals provided by 12 centers in Seoul were analyzed by referring to the homepage of the Center for Children's Foodservice Management, which serviced menus for child care centers...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376111/efficient-sum-of-outer-products-dictionary-learning-soup-dil-and-its-application-to-inverse-problems
#8
Saiprasad Ravishankar, Raj Rao Nadakuditi, Jeffrey A Fessler
The sparsity of signals in a transform domain or dictionary has been exploited in applications such as compression, denoising and inverse problems. More recently, data-driven adaptation of synthesis dictionaries has shown promise compared to analytical dictionary models. However, dictionary learning problems are typically non-convex and NP-hard, and the usual alternating minimization approaches for these problems are often computationally expensive, with the computations dominated by the NP-hard synthesis sparse coding step...
December 2017: IEEE Transactions on Computational Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369458/clinical-reactivity-of-celery-cultivars-in-allergic-patients-role-of-api-g-1
#9
S Dölle, S Welter, E Ruppel, K Lehmann, D Schwarz, E Jensen-Jarolim, P Zieglmayer, P Franken, M Worm
BACKGROUND: Celery (Apium graveolens L.) is a vegetable consumed worldwide. Celery stalks and celeriac roots are often ingredients in convenient food products like spice blends and soups. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we examined the allergenicity of distinct celeriac cultivars. METHODS: Sixteen celery allergic patients were identified using a double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC). Ten different celeriac cultivars were used for skin prick testing in the patients...
January 25, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350752/importance-of-applying-condiments-in-a-commonly-consumed-food-system-for-understanding-the-association-between-familiarity-and-sensory-drivers-of-liking-a-study-focused-on-doenjang
#10
Soo Hyun Roh, Soh Min Lee, Sang Sook Kim, Kwang-Ok Kim
Doenjang, a Korean traditional fermented soybean paste, is one of the most essential condiments in Korean cuisine. Condiments are rarely consumed as it is, and are generally applied to other foods. The objective of this study was to understand how sensory drivers of liking of Doenjang would be affected according to food forms in which it is evaluated: the original paste form compared with a normally consumed soup form, and to understand the association of familiarity of evaluated food form. Descriptive analysis and consumer acceptability test was performed in 2 consumption forms: the original paste form and the Doenjang soup from...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334976/plants-traditionally-used-to-make-cantonese-slow-cooked-soup-in-china
#11
Yujing Liu, Qi Liu, Ping Li, Deke Xing, Huagang Hu, Lin Li, Xuechen Hu, Chunlin Long
BACKGROUND: Lǎo huǒ liàng tāng (Cantonese slow-cooked soup, CSCS) is popular in Guangdong, China, and is consumed by Cantonese people worldwide as a delicious appetizer. Because CSCS serves as an important part of family healthcare, medicinal plants and plant-derived products are major components of CSCS. However, a collated record of the diverse plant species and an ethnobotanical investigation of CSCS is lacking. Because of globalization along with a renewed interest in botanical and food therapy, CSCS has attracted a growing attention in soup by industries, scientists, and consumers...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329874/a-survey-of-free-glutamic-acid-in-foods-using-a-robust-lc-ms-ms-method
#12
Nur Cebi, Canan Ekinci Dogan, Elmas Oktem Olgun, Osman Sagdic
An effective and simultaneous liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was used with the aim of quantifying monosodium glutamate (MSG) in foodstuffs, such as chips, taste cubes, sauces and soups. The results were linear (R2 = 1), with very low LOD and LOQ values, 1.0 µg/kg, 5.0 µg/kg, respectively. Excellent repeatability and reproducibility were also achieved. This highly sensitive and robust LC-MS/MS technique was applied successfully for the detection and quantification of MSG in a wide variety of foodstuffs...
May 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325771/a-cross-cultural-study-of-acceptability-and-food-pairing-for-hot-sauces
#13
Hyun-Jee Kim, Seo-Jin Chung, Kwang-Ok Kim, Belinda Nielsen, Rie Ishii, Michael O'Mahony
This study was conducted to understand the acceptance levels of hot sauces among consumers from different culinary cultures. Two newly developed hot sauces [fermented red chili pepper with soybean-paste-based sauce(GS) and fermented red chili-pepper-based sauce(KS)] were compared with Tabasco sauce(TB) and Sriracha sauce(SR). Two separate cross-cultural home-use tests(HUTs) were conducted: pizza and cream soup were provided as food items in HUT 1, whereas grilled chicken wings and rice noodle soup were provided in HUT 2...
January 8, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310748/deciphering-the-unexplored-leptospira-diversity-from-soils-uncovers-genomic-evolution-to-virulence
#14
Roman Thibeaux, Gregorio Iraola, Ignacio Ferrés, Emilie Bierque, Dominique Girault, Marie-Estelle Soupé-Gilbert, Mathieu Picardeau, Cyrille Goarant
Despite recent advances in our understanding of the genomics of members of the genus Leptospira, little is known on how virulence has emerged in this heterogeneous bacterial genus as well as on the lifestyle of pathogenic members of the genus Leptospira outside animal hosts. Here, we isolated 12 novel species of the genus Leptospira from tropical soils, significantly increasing the number of known species to 35 and finding evidence of highly unexplored biodiversity in the genus. Extended comparative phylogenomics and pan-genome analyses at the genus level by incorporating 26 novel genomes, revealed that, the traditional leptospiral 'pathogens' cluster, as defined by their phylogenetic position, can be split in two groups with distinct virulence potential and accessory gene patterns...
January 3, 2018: Microbial Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307088/physiological-traits-of-endornavirus-infected-and-endornavirus-free-common-bean-phaseolus-vulgaris-cv-black-turtle-soup
#15
S Khankhum, R A Valverde
This study evaluated the physiological traits of eight lines of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) cv. Black Turtle Soup, four of which were double-infected with Phaseolus vulgaris endornavirus 1 and Phaseolus vulgaris endornavirus 2, and four of which were endornavirus-free. Plants from all eight lines were morphologically similar and did not show statistically significant differences in plant height, wet weight, number of days to flowering and pod formation, pods per plant, pod thickness, seed size, number of seeds per pod, and anthocyanin content...
January 6, 2018: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287470/authentication-of-iceland-moss-cetraria-islandica-by-uplc-qtof-ms-chemical-profiling-and-dna-barcoding
#16
Maonian Xu, Starri Heidmarsson, Margret Thorsteinsdottir, Marco Kreuzer, Julie Hawkins, Sesselja Omarsdottir, Elin Soffia Olafsdottir
The lichen Cetraria islandica or Iceland Moss is commonly consumed as tea, food ingredients (e.g. in soup or bread) and herbal medicines. C. islandica, which has two chemotypes, can be difficult to distinguish from the sister species Cetraria ericetorum. They are collectively referred to as the Cetraria islandica species complex. This study aimed to use an UPLC-QToF-MS chemical profiling together with DNA barcoding to distinguish species and chemotypes of the C. islandica species complex. Our results show that the two chemotypes of C...
April 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280320/convenient-monitoring-system-of-intracellular-microrna-expression-during-adipogenesis-via-mechanical-stimulus-induced-exocytosis-of-lipovesicular-mirna-beacon
#17
Seungmin Han, Byunghoon Kang, Eunji Jang, Jisun Ki, Eunjung Kim, Mun-Young Jeong, Yong-Min Huh, Hye-Young Son, Seungjoo Haam
Noninvasive investigation of microRNAs (miRNAs) expression, which is deeply related to biological phenomena such as stem cell differentiation, in culture soup is particularly useful for monitoring of stem cell differentiation without phototoxicity of living cells, especially when cell morphologies remain unchanged during differentiation. However, real-time detection of miRNA in culture soup is not recommended because of insufficient miRNA amounts in culture soup. In this study, a convenient method is introduced for real-time assessing intracellular miRNA in culture soup by using lipovesicular miRNA beacon (Lipo-mB) and mechanical stimulus-mediated exocytosis...
December 27, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277624/wider-range-of-allodynia-in-a-rat-model-of-repeated-dural-nociception-compared-with-infraorbital-nerve-chronic-constriction-injury
#18
Guanqun Hu, Mingjie Zhang, Min Su, Qing Zhang, Hangfei Wu, Xiaolin Wang, Zhao Dong, Shengyuan Yu
BACKGROUND: To identify differences in allodynia and grooming behaviours between rat models of either repeated dural nociception with inflammatory soup (IS) or infraorbital nerve chronic constriction injury (IoN-CCI). METHODS: Repeated dural nociception was induced via the application of IS to the dural meninges and IoN-CCI was applied to model neuropathic pain. All surgeries were performed on the right side and a sham operation was performed on the control group...
December 23, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250284/incorporating-stroke-and-bleeding-risk-stratification-tools-into-atrial-fibrillation-management-making-sense-of-the-alphabet-soup
#19
REVIEW
Thomas F Deering
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia managed by many physicians in a variety of clinical settings. One of the most important clinical decisions related to effective AF management centers upon the need to perform accurate thromboembolic risk stratification followed by effective management decisions that align with established guidelines. This manuscript will review the present state of the art and provide guidance to physicians to enhance patient outcomes.
April 2017: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249758/-a-case-of-hypersensitivity-reaction-to-enokitake-flammulina-velutipes-ingestion
#20
Tomoya Shingaki, Yukiko Hiraguchi, Mari Gen, Shoko Yoshino, Yusuke Kumagai, Yuko Ebishima, Kenji Owa, Kenta Otuji, Yasuto Kondou, Yutaka Suehiro
We experienced a case of 10-year-old girl who developed hypersensitivity reactions after eating enokitake. The patient had food allergy to egg until 5 years old. When she was 4 years old, she ate enokitake with a hot-pot dish. Later, she felt itching in her mouth. Therefore, she never ate enokitake since that time. At the age of 10, she drank only the soup of enokitake with school lunch. After that she felt discomfort and itching in her oral cavity. The result of enokitake and other mushrooms (siitake, simeji, and eringi) skin prick to prick test were all positive...
2017: Arerugī, [Allergy]
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