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Xiaocheng Li, Yonghua Li, Xiuting Li, Xin Ji, Man Zhang, Zhixu Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore consumption situation and composition parameter distribution of indefinite-configuration foods in diets of some urban adult Chinese residents, and establish the parameters databases. METHODS: A total of 1620 adult urban residents were sampled randomly by a multi-stage sampling method from four cities in Jiangsu and Shandong Provinces, and were investigated with a self-made Food Frequency Questionnaire. The moisture content status of indefinite-configuration foods from the market were analysed with the method of China national standards GB 5009...
January 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Anthony M Maher, Chloe E Ward, Melanie Pratt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Dermatitis
Bingxiu Zhou, Yuanyuan Yu, Lixia Yu, Binfu Que, Rui Qiu
Sipi soup (SPS), the aqueous extract derived from the root bark of Sophora japonical L, Salix babylonica L., Morus alba L., as well as Amygdalus davidiana (Carr.) C. de Vos, is a traditional Chinese medicine frequently used to prevent and treat infection and inflammation. However, the role of SPS in cancer‑associated fibroblasts (CAFs) require further investigation. In the present study, the effects of SPS on fibroblast inactivation and the underlying mechanism were investigated. Reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to analyze the mRNA expression levels of fibroblast activation protein (FAP), interleukin (IL)‑6, α‑smooth muscle actin (α‑SMA) and programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4)...
June 6, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Geir Wenberg Jacobsen, Elena Titova, Jan Pål Loennechen, Erik Magnus Berntsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2018: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
Liang Guo, Jun-Ping Qian, Yuan-Sheng Guo, Xiao Hai, Guo-Qiang Liu, Jian-Xing Luo, Mei Ya
Koumiss is a popular dairy product in many lands, traditionally prepared from mare milk with spontaneous fermentation. Mare milk and its fermented derivates are more expensive than cow milk and its fermented derivates, and the possibility exists for producers and dealers to adulterate equine products with bovine items. In this work, we described the development of a triplex real-time PCR based on the species-specific TaqMan probes (Ruibio Biotec Company, Beijing, China) for identification of bovine and equine DNA in milks and dairy products...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Yang T Du, Diana Piscitelli, Saima Ahmad, Laurence G Trahair, Jerry R Greenfield, Dorit Samocha-Bonet, Christopher K Rayner, Michael Horowitz, Karen L Jones
Glutamine is a potent stimulus for the release of glucagon-like peptide-1, which increases postprandial insulin and slows gastric emptying (GE). We determined the effects of glutamine on GE of, and glycaemic responses to, low- and high-nutrient drinks in eight healthy males (mean age 21.6 ± 0.7 years and BMI 22.9 ± 0.7 kg/m²). Participants were studied on four occasions on which they consumed either a low-nutrient (beef soup; 18 kcal) or high-nutrient (75 g dextrose; 255 kcal) drink, each with or without 30 g of glutamine (120 kcal), in a randomised, crossover design...
June 7, 2018: Nutrients
Suman Mohajan, Tania N Orchy, Tasnim Farzana
The research study was conducted to evaluate the effect of soy flour on functional, nutritional, and sensory properties of mushroom-moringa-supplemented soup which could be used as a protein-supplemented ready-to-eat food. In this study, corn flour was supplemented with soy flour at different levels such as 20% (T4), 15% (T3), 10% (T2), and 5% (T1), and without soy flour was kept as control (T0). Fixed amount of mushroom and moringa leaf powder was added in all soup powders. Soup powders were analyzed for functional, nutritional, and sensory parameters...
May 2018: Food Science & Nutrition
Yukako Tani, Takeo Fujiwara, Manami Ochi, Aya Isumi, Tsuguhiko Kato
Background: Because eating behaviors are established early in life, it is important to instill healthy eating habits in children. However, no published studies have examined the effects of what is habitually consumed first at a meal on children's body weight in real settings. The aim of this study was to examine the associations between what was consumed (vegetables, rice/bread, meat/fish, or soup) at the start of a meal and childhood overweight in Japan. Methods: We used cross-sectional data from the Adachi Child Health Impact of Living Difficulty (A-CHILD) study, a population-based study comprising all first-grade students in Adachi City, Tokyo, Japan, performed in 2015...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Junior George Pakoa, Marie-Estelle Soupé-Gilbert, Dominique Girault, Dexter Takau, Justina Gaviga, Ann-Claire Gourinat, Arnaud Tarantola, Cyrille Goarant
BACKGROUND: Estimates of leptospirosis morbidity identified Oceania as the region with highest burden. Besides Australia and New Zealand, Oceania is home of Pacific Island Countries and Territories, most of which are developing countries facing a number of challenges. Their archipelago geography notably affects health infrastructure and access to healthcare. Although human leptospirosis was formerly identified in Vanuatu, there is a lack of knowledge of this disease in the country. We aimed to identify leptospirosis in outpatients visiting the hospital...
June 4, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Sofia Vilela, Milton Severo, Teresa Moreira, Elisabete Ramos, Carla Lopes
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of a short food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to assess dietary intake at 4 and 7 years of age, against 3d food diaries (FD) and serum biomarkers, using two methods to convert the FFQ to daily intake in grams and nutrients (standard and z-score method). SUBJECTS/METHODS: The present analysis comprises data from 2482 4-year-old children and 3511 7-year-old children, from the birth cohort Generation XXI (Porto, Portugal)...
May 30, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Jaqueline Lopes Pereira, Paula Victória Félix, Josiemer Mattei, Regina Mara Fisberg
Although changes in Brazilian diet have occurred over the last decades, there is no evidence about differences in food portion sizes (FPS) over time. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the association of FPS with excess body weight (EBW), and to monitor differences in the population from São Paulo, Brazil, from 2003 to 2015. Data came from three cross-sectional population-based studies with 5270 individuals aged ≥12 years in 2003, 2008, and 2015. Dietary data were obtained from 24-h recalls. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate the association between FPS and EBW...
May 30, 2018: Nutrients
Carolina Christina Burgos-Vega, Lilyana D Quigley, Gabriela Trevisan Dos Santos, Flora Yan, Marina Asiedu, Blaine Jacobs, Marina Motina, Nida Safdar, Hayyan Yousuf, Amanda Avona, Theodore John Price, Greg Dussor
Background Migraine is characterized by a collection of neurological symptoms in the absence of injury or damage. However, several common preclinical migraine models require significant damage to the skull to stimulate the dura mater, the likely source of afferent signaling leading to head pain. The goal of this study was to determine whether dural stimulation can be performed in mice using an injection that does not cause injury or damage. Methods Using mice, injections of stimuli were administered to the dura mater through the soft tissue at the intersection between the lambdoidal and sagittal sutures...
January 1, 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
Rani Polak, David Pober, Avigail Morris, Rakefet Arieli, Margaret Moore, Elliot Berry, Mati Ziv
The Community Culinary Coaching Program is a community-based participatory program aimed at improving communal settlement residents' nutrition. The residents, central kitchens, preschools, and communal dining rooms were identified as areas for intervention. Evaluation included goals accomplishment assessed by food purchases by the central kitchens, and residents' feedback through focus groups. Purchasing included more vegetables (mean (standard error) percent change), (+7% (4); P = .32), fish (+115% (11); P < ...
July 2018: Journal of Ambulatory Care Management
András J Tóth, Katalin Szakmár, Anna Dunay, Csaba B Illés, András Bittsánszky
BACKGROUND: According to European trends, more children eat at school canteens than ever before, therefore food safety and quality have become increasingly significant in recent years. Nevertheless, there are large differences in food safety levels in different school canteens. We hypothesize that the microbial status of the served meal represents on the general hygiene of the kitchen. Our research examines whether mesophilic aerobic bacteria measured in served food are connected with the level of hygiene in the catering unit, and whether this indicator can be used as a criterion for assessing school kitchens...
April 2018: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
Tony Benson, Fiona Lavelle, Tamara Bucher, Amanda McCloat, Elaine Mooney, Bernadette Egan, Clare E Collins, Moira Dean
Nutrition and health claims on foods can help consumers make healthier food choices. However, claims may have a 'halo' effect, influencing consumer perceptions of foods and increasing consumption. Evidence for these effects are typically demonstrated in experiments with small samples, limiting generalisability. The current study aimed to overcome this limitation through the use of a nationally representative survey. In a cross-sectional survey of 1039 adults across the island of Ireland, respondents were presented with three different claims (nutrition claim = "Low in fat"; health claim = "With plant sterols...
May 22, 2018: Nutrients
Chao-Kun Wei, Kiran Thakur, Dun-Hua Liu, Jian-Guo Zhang, Zhao-Jun Wei
We aimed to simplify the enzymolysis process for flaxseed protein hydrolysates production as Maillard reaction products (MRPs) to generate different flavor characteristics. More than 50% activity of immobilized enzymes (Alcalase and Flavourzyme) was retained after repeated use. Subsequently, after five weeks, the activities of the immobilized enzymes were also observed to be higher after storage at 4 °C. The optimum conditions for production of flaxseed protein hydrolysates using sequential enzymatic hydrolysis were as follow: 3,000 U/g of Alcalase at 60 °C and pH 8...
October 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Jun I K Park, Aulia Khamas Heikhmakhtiar, Chang Hyun Kim, Yoo Seok Kim, Seong Wook Choi, Kwang Soup Song, Ki Moo Lim
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although it is important to analyze the hemodynamic factors related to the right ventricle (RV) after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation, previous studies have focused only on the alteration of the ventricular shape and lack quantitative analysis of the various hemodynamic parameters. Therefore, we quantitatively analyzed various hemodynamic parameters related to the RV under normal, heart failure (HF), and HF incorporated with continuous flow LVAD therapy by using a computational model...
May 22, 2018: Biomedical Engineering Online
Tse-Ming Chou, Shih-Pin Chen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic migraine (CM) is a recalcitrant subtype of migraine which causes high degrees of disability, poor treatment responses, and frequent recurrences in sufferers. However, the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the development and chronification of migraine attacks remain incompletely understood. A validated animal model could help to decipher the pathogenic mechanism of the disease, facilitating the development of possible therapeutic strategies for CM. In this review, we aimed to summarize current animal models of CM and discuss the validity of these models...
May 19, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Roman Thibeaux, Dominique Girault, Emilie Bierque, Marie-Estelle Soupé-Gilbert, Anna Rettinger, Anthony Douyère, Michael Meyer, Gregorio Iraola, Mathieu Picardeau, Cyrille Goarant
Leptospirosis is an important environmental disease and a major threat to human health causing at least 1 million clinical infections annually. There has recently been a growing interest in understanding the environmental lifestyle of Leptospira . However, Leptospira isolation from complex environmental samples is difficult and time-consuming and few tools are available to identify Leptospira isolates at the species level. Here, we propose a polyphasic isolation and identification scheme, which might prove useful to recover and identify environmental isolates and select those to be submitted to whole-genome sequencing...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
D Dan Ramdath, Thomas M S Wolever, Yaw Chris Siow, Donna Ryland, Aileen Hawke, Carla Taylor, Peter Zahradka, Michel Aliani
The consumption of pulses is associated with many health benefits. This study assessed post-prandial blood glucose response (PPBG) and the acceptability of food items containing green lentils. In human trials we: (i) defined processing methods (boiling, pureeing, freezing, roasting, spray-drying) that preserve the PPBG-lowering feature of lentils; (ii) used an appropriate processing method to prepare lentil food items, and compared the PPBG and relative glycemic responses (RGR) of lentil and control foods; and (iii) conducted consumer acceptability of the lentil foods...
May 11, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
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