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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722586/continuous-excretion-of-leptospira-borgpetersenii-ballum-in-mice-assessed-by-viability-quantitative-polymerase-chain-reaction
#1
Marie-Estelle Soupé-Gilbert, Emilie Bierque, Sophie Geroult, Magali Teurlai, Cyrille Goarant
Rodents are the main reservoir animals of leptospirosis. In this study, we characterized and quantified the urinary excretion dynamics of Leptospira by Mus musculus infected with 2 × 10(8) virulent Leptospira borgpetersenii serogroup Ballum. Each micturition was collected separately in metabolic cages, at 12 time points from 7 to 117 days post-infection (dpi). We detected Leptospira in all urine samples collected (up to 8 per time point per mouse) proving that Leptospira excretion is continuous with ca. 90% live L...
July 17, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721495/diversity-and-survival-of-artificial-lifeforms-under-sedimentation-and-random-motion
#2
Nicolas Glade, Olivier Bastien, Pascal Ballet
Cellular automata are often used to explore the numerous possible scenarios of what could have occurred at the origins of life and before, during the prebiotic ages, when very simple molecules started to assemble and organise into larger catalytic or informative structures, or to simulate ecosystems. Artificial self-maintained spatial structures emerge in cellular automata and are often used to represent molecules or living organisms. They converge generally towards homogeneous stationary soups of still-life creatures...
July 18, 2017: Theory in Biosciences, Theorie in Den Biowissenschaften
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720939/cholesterol-analysis-of-korean-eat-out-foods-for-national-food-composition-database
#3
Farhana Sharmin, Beom-Gyun Jeong, Jiyoung Jung, Venus Quines, Jiyeon Chun
Information on cholesterol intake through restaurant meal is of high concern because of increasing eat-out population. Since nutrient labeling is not mandatory for restaurant food in Korea, cholesterol database on restaurant menu is unavailable. This study was performed to construct regional and national cholesterol database on primary Korean restaurant foods including 30 soup/stew, 24 rice dishes, and 27 noodles. From 2009 to 2012, Korea Ministry of Food and Drug Safety collected total 5832 foods (81 food types ×6 regions ×12 restaurants) nationwide and then 486 composites representing food types and regions were prepared for cholesterol analysis...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714550/optimal-timing-and-frequency-of-bone-marrow-soup-therapy-for-functional-restoration-of-salivary-gland-injured-by-single-dose-or-fractionated-irradiation
#4
Dongdong Fang, Sixia Shang, Younan Liu, Mohammed Bakkar, Yoshinori Sumita, Jan Seuntjens, Simon D Tran
Injections of bone marrow (BM) cell extract, known as "BM Soup", was previously reported to mitigate ionizing radiation (IR) injury to salivary glands (SGs). However the optimal starting time and frequency to maintain BM Soup therapeutic efficacy remains unknown. This study tests the optimal starting time and frequency of BM Soup injections in mice radiated with either a single dose or fractionated dose. First, BM Soup treatment is started at 1, 3, or 7 weeks post-IR, while positive (non-IR) and negative (IR) control mice receive injections of saline (vehicle control)...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700539/propranolol-treatment-prevents-chronic-central-sensitization-induced-by-repeated-dural-stimulation
#5
Nelly Boyer, Jérémy Signoret-Genest, Alain Artola, Radhouane Dallel, Lénaïc Monconduit
Migraine is currently conceptualized as a chronic disease with episodic manifestations. In some patients, migraine attack frequency increases, leading to chronic migraine. Daily preventive therapy is initiated to decrease attack frequency. Propranolol, a first-line medication for migraine prophylaxis, reduces attack frequency in nearly 50% of patients receiving it. However, the mechanisms of its antimigraine action are unclear. We examined the effect of daily propranolol treatment (10 mg.kg per os, 8 days) in a rat model of recurrent activation of dural nociceptors (repeated infusion of an inflammatory soup (IS) on the dura through a cannula every 2-3 days)...
July 8, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682876/treatment-of-severe-fluoroacetamide-poisoning-in-patient-with-combined-multiple-organ-dysfunction-syndrome-by-evidence-based-integrated-chinese-and-western-medicines-a-case-report
#6
Wanxin Wen, Hongxia Gao, Nini Kang, Aili Lu, Caiwen Qian, Yuanqi Zhao
RATIONALE: Fluoroacetamide poisoning is the acute and severe disease of human, which leads to nervous, digestive, and cardiovascular system damage or even death in a short period of time. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of a 65-year-old woman with loss of consciousness, nausea, and vomiting who was sent to the hospital by passers-by. DIAGNOSIS: She was diagnosed with severe fluoroacetamide poisoning with combined multiple organ dysfunction syndrome...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675436/effect-of-teapot-materials-on-the-chemical-compositions-of-oolong-tea-infusion
#7
Zih-Hui Liao, Ying-Jie Chen, Jason Tze-Cheng Tzen, Ping-Chung Kuo, Maw-Rong Lee, Fu-Der Mai, Tirawat Rairat, Chi-Chung Chou
BACKGROUND: The flavor and quality of tea is widely believed to be associated with the pot the tea is made in. However, this claim is mostly by experience and lack solid support from scientific evidences. The current study investigated and compared the chemical compositions of oolong tea made from 6 teapot materials-Zisha, Zhuni, stainless steel, ceramic, glass, and plastic. RESULTS: For each tea sample, polyphenols and caffeine were examined by HPLC/UV, volatile compounds by GC/MS, amino acids by LC/MS, and minerals content by ICP/MS...
July 4, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670332/relationship-between-chinese-medicine-dietary-patterns-and-the-incidence-of-breast-cancer-in-chinese-women-in-hong-kong-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-survey
#8
Xiao Zheng, Jianping Chen, Ting Xie, Zhiyu Xia, Wings Tjing Yung Loo, Lixing Lao, JieShu You, Jie Yang, Kamchuen Tsui, Feizhi Mo, Fei Gao
BACKGROUND: This retrospective cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the relationship between Chinese medicine (CM) dietary patterns (hot, neutral, and cold) and the incidence of breast cancer among Chinese women in Hong Kong. METHODS: Breast cancer cases (n = 202) and healthy controls (n = 202) were matched according to demographics. Chinese women residing in Hong Kong for the past 7 years were recruited by media advertisements (e.g., via newspapers, radio, and posters)...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663148/oral-reproductive-and-developmental-toxicity-of-lignosus-rhinocerotis-mycelium-in-rat
#9
Bo-Yi Jhou, Hsiao-Hui Liu, Shu-Hsing Yeh, Chin-Chu Chen
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Lignosus rhinocerotis (L. rhinocerotis), also known as the tiger milk mushroom, is widely used as traditional medicine and as soup ingredient in Malaysia and Hong Kong. It is edible and is used traditionally for the treatment of fever, cough, asthma, wounds, chronic hepatitis, gastric ulcers and cancers. In view of its safety profile, little information is found in scientific literature. The objective of this study is to investigate developmental toxicity of L...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660194/dietary-patterns-characterized-by-high-meat-consumption-are-associated-with-other-unhealthy-life-styles-and-depression-symptoms
#10
Maria João Gregório, Ana M Rodrigues, Mónica Eusébio, Rute Dinis Sousa, Sara Dias, Beate André, Kjersti Grønning, Pedro S Coelho, Jorge M Mendes, Pedro Graça, Geir A Espnes, Jaime C Branco, Helena Canhão
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify dietary patterns (DPs) of Portuguese adults, to assess their socioeconomic, demographic, lifestyle determinants, and to identify their impact on health. DESIGN: EpiDoC 2 study included 10,153 Portuguese adults from the EpiDoC Cohort, a population-based study. In this study, trained research assistants using computer-assisted telephone interview collected socioeconomic, demographic, dietary, lifestyles, and health information from March 2013 to July 2015...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653698/material-witness-making-anyon-soup
#11
Philip Ball
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2017: Nature Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638117/disrupted-functional-connectivity-between-the-periaqueductal-gray-and-other-brain-regions-in-a-rat-model-of-recurrent-headache
#12
Zhihua Jia, Wenjing Tang, Dengfa Zhao, Shengyuan Yu
Functional connectivity (FC) has been used to investigate the pathophysiology of migraine. We aimed to identify atypical FC between the periaqueductal gray (PAG) and other brain areas in rats induced by repeated meningeal nociception. The rat model was established by infusing an inflammatory soup (IS) through supradural catheters in conscious rats. Quiescent and face-grooming behaviors were observed to assess nociceptive behavior. FC analysis seeded on the PAG was performed on rats 21 days after IS infusion...
June 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626103/-study-on-lifestyle-in-patients-with-gastroesophageal-%C3%A2-reflux-disease
#13
Lingzhi Yuan, Dan Tang, Jin Peng, Nanfang Qu, Chun Yue, Fen Wang
To investigate the correlation between certain unhealthy lifestyles and the incidence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), thus to provide the lifestyle guidelines for GERD patients.
 Methods: Retrospective study were conducted for 402 GERD and 276 non-GERD out-patients in Department of Gastroenterology, Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University from August, 2014 to August, 2015 based on questionnaire survey, then the correlation of unhealthy lifestyles with GERD were analyzed.
 Results: The top 10 common symptoms for GERD were as follows: reflux, acid regurgitation, postprandial fullness, heartburn, swallow obstruction or pain, epigastric burning sensation, paraesthesia pharynges, poststernal pain, chronic laryngopharyngitis, and chronic cough...
May 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598509/comparison-of-nutritional-composition-aroma-compounds-and-biological-activities-of-two-kinds-of-tartary-buckwheat-tea
#14
Huimin Guo, Xiushi Yang, Haitao Zhou, Xiuxiu Luo, Peiyou Qin, Jincai Li, Guixing Ren
Tartary buckwheat tea (TBT) is becoming increasingly popular for its unique flavor and health benefits. However, there is little information regarding the differences in nutritional quality among different kinds of TBT. Two kinds of TBT samples, whole grain tea (WGT) and whole plant tea (WPT), were collected from markets in China. The content of their nutritional compositions, including protein, amino acids, starch, fat, fatty acids, and flavonoids, as well as aroma compounds, were determined. Antioxidant and α-glucosidase inhibitory activities were also evaluated...
July 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590423/a-novel-technique-for-sterilization-using-a-power-self-regulated-single-mode-microwave-cavity
#15
Juan D Reverte-Ors, Juan L Pedreño-Molina, Pablo S Fernández, Antonio J Lozano-Guerrero, Paula M Periago, Alejandro Díaz-Morcillo
In this paper, a novel technique to achieve precise temperatures in food sterilization has been proposed. An accurate temperature profile is needed in order to reach a commitment between the total removal of pathogens inside the product and the preservation of nutritional and organoleptic characteristics. The minimal variation of the target temperature in the sample by means of a monitoring and control software platform, allowing temperature stabilization over 100 °C, is the main goal of this work. A cylindrical microwave oven, under pressure conditions and continuous control of the microwave supply power as function of the final temperature inside the sample, has been designed and developed with conditions of single-mode resonance...
June 7, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572974/nutritional-advantages-of-sous-vide-cooking-compared-to-boiling-on-cereals-and-legumes-determination-of-ashes-and-metals-content-in-ready-to-eat-products
#16
Mariangela Rondanelli, Maria Daglia, Silvia Meneghini, Arianna Di Lorenzo, Gabriella Peroni, Milena Anna Faliva, Simone Perna
In order to guarantee the highest quality of ready-to-eat cereals and legumes, two different cooking methods have been applied: traditional cooking and sous-vide. Ashes and metals content (magnesium, potassium, iron, zinc, and copper) has been determined and compared in 50 samples of red lentils, peas, Borlotti beans, pearl barley, and cereals soup. All the samples cooked with sous-vide showed a significant increase in the content of minerals with the exception of potassium in cereal soup, iron in Borlotti beans, and magnesium in pearl barley...
May 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572925/origins-production-and-utilization-of-cassava-in-burkina-faso-a-contribution-of-a-neglected-crop-to-household-food-security
#17
Flibert Guira, Koussao Some, Donatien Kabore, Hagrétou Sawadogo-Lingani, Yves Traore, Aly Savadogo
Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is a food plant introduced in Africa from America by the Portuguese in 1558. The objective of this study is to establish cassava origins, production, and utilization in Burkina Faso. The investigation was carried out in the regions of Center West, Cascades, Boucle du Mouhoun, Hauts Bassins, South West, and Center East of Burkina Faso. Eighteen cassava processing units and 226 farmers in 57 communities from the selected regions have been involved in the survey. The investigation showed that cassava was introduced to Burkina Faso, former Upper Volta from the costal countries, Gold Coast (now Ghana), by both local traders and the Roman Catholic White missionaries...
May 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569619/effects-of-point-massage-of-liver-and-stomach-channel-combined-with-pith-and-trotter-soup-on-postpartum-lactation-start-time
#18
Qiong Luo, Yin Hu, Hui Zhang
Delay in lactation initiation causes maternal anxiety and subsequent adverse impact on maternal exclusive breast feeding. It is important to explore a safe and convenient way to promote lactation initiation. The feasibility of point massage of liver and stomach channel combined with pith and trotter soup on prevention of delayed lactation initiation was investigated in the present study. 320 women were enrolled and randomly divided into four groups, control group (80 women), point massage group (80 women), pith and trotter soup group (80 women), and massage + soup group (80 women) to compare the lactation initiation time...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566905/the-effect-of-rhus-verniciflua-stokes-extracts-on-photo-aged-mouse-skin
#19
Hannah Hong, Minyoung Jung, Sung Jay Choe, Jung-Bae Kim, Eung Ho Choi
BACKGROUND: Rhus verniciflua Stokes (RV) has traditionally been used in Korea as an indigenous food (Rhus chicken soup) and as an herbal medicinal plant. While the anticancer, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory properties of RV have been actively studied in the medical field, its antioxidant effects in the skin that resist the reactive oxygen species in keratinocytes and fibroblasts is less understood. OBJECTIVE: We designed to evaluate the effects of R. verniciflua Stokes extract (RVE) on the photo-aged skin by an in vitro experiment using human fibroblasts and an in vivo experiment using a photo-aged murine model...
June 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559979/a-new-comorbidity-model-and-the-common-pathological-mechanisms-of-migraine-and-epilepsy
#20
Shanghua Fan, Zheman Xiao, Fan Zhu, Xiaohua He, Zuneng Lu
A bi-directional relationship between epilepsy and migraine has been widely reported in epidemiological and clinical studies, but the mechanisms of interaction between these disorders have not been fully examined using animal models. The aim of the present study was to develop a new comorbidity model of migraine and epilepsy. Nociception was induced by applying an inflammatory soup to the dura mater; this procedure resulted in nociception similar to that expressed in inflammatory disorders such as migraine...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
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