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L Thijs, P Messiaen, J van der Hilst, V Madoe, C Melis, P Van Eyken, I Vanmoerkerke, F Janssens
Schistosomiasis is a parasitic disease caused by Schistosoma species. Intestinal and hepatic schistosomiases are the most common forms of chronic disease. We describe a case of a 26-year old patient from Eritrea who was referred to our hospital with abdominal pain and diarrhea. The diagnosis of hepatosplenic schistosomiasis was made by liver biopsy and the patient was treated with praziquantel. Hepatic schistosomiasis is characterised by deposition of schistosomal eggs in the liver which results in a host cell immune response and leads to granuloma formation and neoangiogenesis...
January 2018: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
Anne Mette Falstie-Jensen, Søren Bie Bogh, Søren Paaske Johnsen
Objective: To examine the association between compliance with consecutive cycles of accreditation and patient-related outcomes. Design: A Danish nationwide population-based study from 2012 to 2015. Setting: In-patients admitted with one of the 80 diagnoses at public, non-psychiatric hospitals. Participants: In-patients admitted with one of 80 primary diagnoses which accounted for 80% of all deaths occuring within 30 dyas after admission...
March 19, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
Paola Mosconi, Cinzia Colombo, Anna Roberto, Giulia Candiani, Maria Teresa Greco, Roberto Satolli, Carlo Castellani
Background: Health technology assessment and ethical issues have to be dealt with in deciding on national carrier screening for cystic fibrosis (CF)-the most frequent severe autosomal recessive disease in Caucasian populations and several stakeholders need to be involved. A citizens' jury is one way to ask citizens to deliberate on controversial topics in the interests of a society. The aims of this project were to gather opinions about CF carrier screening through citizens' jury deliberations and to match them with the findings of a large online consultation survey open to the general population, people with CF and families and health professionals...
March 19, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
L Clifford McDonald, Dale N Gerding, Stuart Johnson, Johan S Bakken, Karen C Carroll, Susan E Coffin, Erik R Dubberke, Kevin W Garey, Carolyn V Gould, Ciaran Kelly, Vivian Loo, Julia Shaklee Sammons, Thomas J Sandora, Mark H Wilcox
A panel of experts was convened by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA) to update the 2010 clinical practice guideline on Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in adults. The update, which has incorporated recommendations for children (following the adult recommendations for epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment), includes significant changes in the management of this infection and reflects the evolving controversy over best methods for diagnosis...
March 19, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Maria Amélia de Campos Oliveira, Tharsila Martins Rios da Silva
Inequalities are the result of the different positions held by individuals in different social spaces, and are related to the distribution of power and property. Health advocacy is a strategy to reduce such inequalities, especially those considered unfair and unnecessary, aiming to fully promote the right to health. This study aims to discuss the contribution of nursing in the field of health advocacy, which includes the right of everyone to a healthy life as one of the strategies for the reorientation of the Brazilian healthcare model...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Shouhua Wang, Yanqing Li, Chaozhuo Li, Yijun Qiao, Shuling He
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to determine the need for supportive care among women suffering from breast cancer in China and to identify its potential determinants to inform the development of effective and efficient healthcare services across different settings. MATERIAL AND METHODS In a tertiary-care hospital in Weifang, China, between July 2015 and January 2016, all women attending the Breast Cancer Clinic for regular physical examinations after treatment for breast cancer were consecutively recruited...
March 21, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
David Sturgeon
Over the past four decades, UK governments have moved towards an increasingly pro-market model of healthcare provision. Under this system, patients are not only encouraged, but expected, to take increasing responsibility for healthcare decision-making and the risks that it might entail. This article investigate how and why patients make choices about their health care and how service providers help facilitate this. Between October 2014 and May 2015, the researcher was embedded as an emergency nurse practitioner at two minor injury units in order to undertake direct and participant observation...
March 22, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Camila Fronzo
Improving the patient experience often involves changing aspects of service delivery. Hollister Education organised a symposium designed to help clinical nurse specialists in urology implement vitally needed change. Camila Fronzo, Editorial Project Manager and Coordinator, MA Healthcare, describes its themes.
March 1, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Joseph Ting, Ashley Roberts, Anne Synnes, Roderick Canning, Jaya Bodani, Luis Monterossa, Prakesh S Shah
BACKGROUND: Neonatal fungaemia is associated with adverse neonatal outcomes and higher overall healthcare expenditure. Our objective is to review the epidemiology of invasive fungal infections (IFIs) in neonates in Canada. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study using data collected by the Canadian Neonatal Network (CNN) was conducted. Using a nested matched cohort study design, risk factors and outcomes of neonates born <33 weeks gestation (n=39,305) during 2003-2013 were compared between neonates diagnosed with an IFI during their stay to infection-free controls...
March 15, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Roxanne C Oriel, Julie Wang
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this review is to describe effective management strategies in nursery or school based upon research findings. RECENT FINDINGS: The prevalence of food allergy and number of emergency department visits for food-related anaphylaxis are increasing in children and adolescents. As there is currently no cure, the most effective strategy to decrease allergic reactions is food allergen avoidance. However, allergic reactions are inevitable in both food allergic children as well as in first-time reactors...
March 20, 2018: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Ioana Agache, Liliana Rogozea
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The precision medicine concept is both appealing and challenging. We review here the recent findings in the endotype-driven approach for major allergic diseases. RECENT FINDINGS: Stratified medicine for different allergic diseases can identify patients who are more likely to benefit or experience an adverse reaction in response to a given therapy and anticipate their long-term outcome and vital risk. In addition, this approach potentially facilitates drug development and prevention strategies...
March 20, 2018: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Reneeka Persaud, Patricia M Coutts, Alisa Brandon, Luvneet Verma, James A Elliott, R Gary Sibbald
GENERAL PURPOSE: The purpose of this learning activity is to provide information about the Healthy Foot Screen, a new tool for assessment of common foot abnormalities. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After completing this continuing education activity, you should be able to:1...
April 2018: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
Nikhil Jain, Frank M Phillips, Tristan Weaver, Safdar N Khan
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, economic analysis. OBJECTIVE: To study patient profile associated with preoperative chronic opioid therapy (COT), and study COT as a risk factor for 90-day complications, emergency department (ED) visits, and readmission after primary one- to two-level posterior lumbar fusion (PLF) for degenerative spine disease. We also evaluated associated costs, risk factors, and adverse events related to long-term postoperative opioid use. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Chronic opioid use is associated with poor outcomes and dependence after spine surgery...
March 20, 2018: Spine
Patrick Gogognon, Béatrice Godard
Research in health occupies a central place in the elaboration of public policies and the interventions that aim to reduce inequality and make the right to health effective. However, research in health remains marked by inequalities which particularly affect developing countries. The objective of this critical recension of the international normative frameworks and the scientific literature is to present a summary of the assessment, underline the challenges and identify the main recommendations as well as the ethical principles that aim to reduce inequalities in the field of health research...
May 22, 2017: Journal International de Bioéthique et D'éthique des Sciences
Fiona Springall
People with learning disabilities are often marginalised in healthcare, including in hospice settings, and as a result may not receive effective end of life care. Research in hospice settings has identified that many staff lack confidence, skills and knowledge in caring for people with learning disabilities, which can have a negative effect on the care these individuals receive. To address these issues, the author has proposed a service improvement initiative, which she developed as part of her learning disability nursing degree programme...
March 21, 2018: Nursing Standard
Josephine L K Murray, Diogo F P Marques, Ross L Cameron, Alison Potts, Jennifer Bishop, Beatrix von Wissmann, Naoma William, Arlene J Reynolds, Chris Robertson, Jim McMenamin
Scotland observed an unusual influenza A(H3N2)-dominated 2017/18 influenza season with healthcare services under significant pressure. We report the application of the moving epidemic method (MEM) to virology data as a tool to predict the influenza peak activity period and peak week of swab positivity in the current season. This novel MEM application has been successful locally and is believed to be of potential use to other countries for healthcare planning and building wider community resilience.
March 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
Ozge Dokuzlar, Pinar Soysal, Cansu Usarel, Ahmet Turan Isik
INTRODUCTION: Depression is a common and serious healthcare problem for older adults. This study aimed to determine the validity and reliability of GDS-4 and GDS-5 in Turkish, and to establish a new short-form Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) for our population, and also determine the superiority of each short scale to another. METHODS: A total of 437 outpatients were enrolled in the study. A researcher evaluated all participants according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-fifth edition (DSM-5) diagnostic criteria, and then another researcher applied GDS-15 to all participants...
March 21, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Mary Lavelle, Jennifer Abthorpe, Thomas Simpson, Gabriel Reedy, Fiona Little, Anita Banerjee
The majority of maternal deaths in the UK are due to pre-existing or new-onset medical conditions, known as 'indirect deaths'. The MBRRACE report identified serious gaps in clinicians' human factors skills, including communication, leadership and teamwork, which contributed to maternal death. In response, we developed the first multi-disciplinary simulation-based training programme designed to address Medical Emergencies in Obstetrics (MEmO). Employing a mixed methods design, this study evaluated the educational impact of this training programme on the healthcare staff (n = 140), including the medical doctors (n = 91) and the midwives (n = 49)...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Martina Larsson, Pollyanna Cohen, Gayle Hann, Sarah M Creighton, Deborah Hodes
This pilot study researched the attitudes towards and the knowledge of female genital mutilation (FGM) in adult women with FGM and their partners. The participant population consisted of English-speaking women and men over 18 years old attending specialist FGM clinics in two London hospitals. The participants completed a questionnaire on the attitudes and the knowledge of FGM, which were adapted with permission from the United Nations Children's Fund and the United States Agency for International Development household surveys...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Rebecca Udemans, Marie-Louise Stokes, Louise Rigby, Priya Khanna, Jonathan Christiansen
AIM: The Royal Australasian College of Physicians is renewing its specialty training programs and shifting towards competency-based medical education. Our aim is to improve the quality and rigor of training and graduate outcomes, and promote high standards of physician practice to serve the health of patients, families, and communities in a changing healthcare environment. METHODS: We are progressing holistic change and multiple educational innovations in a complex environment...
March 21, 2018: Medical Teacher
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