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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222560/masseteric-nerve-transfer-for-facial-nerve-paralysis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Alexander W Murphey, William B Clinkscales, Samuel L Oyer
Importance: A review of the role of masseteric nerve transfer is needed to guide its use in facial reanimation. Objective: To systematically review the available literature, and, when applicable, analyze the combined outcomes of masseteric nerve transfer to better define its role in reanimation and to guide further research. Data Sources: Two independent researchers conducted the review using PubMed-NCBI and Scopus literature databases for studies on masseteric nerve transfer for facial nerve paralysis...
December 7, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219854/reconstruction-of-the-scapula-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-patients-after-total-scapulectomy-a-report-of-10-patients-treated-by-extracorporeal-irradiation-and-reimplantation-of-the-scapula
#2
Ahmed M El Ghoneimy, Mohamed S Zaghloul, Iman Zaky, Hala Taha, Ahmed Elgammal, Magdy El Sherbiny, Nehal Kamal
BACKGROUND: Ewing sarcoma of the scapula is uncommon. Restoration of shoulder function after total scapulectomy is challenging. Extracorporeal irradiation and reimplantation is a well-known method of biological reconstruction in orthopaedic oncology; yet very few reports in the literature describe its specific use in tumors of the scapula. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ten patients with the diagnosis of Ewing sarcoma of the scapula were surgically treated by total scapulectomy and extracorporeal irradiation and reimplantation of the scapula...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211217/application-of-unilateral-pectoralis-major-muscle-flap-in-the-treatment-of-sternal-wound-dehiscence
#3
Grazielle de Souza Horácio, Pedro Soler Coltro, Antonio Albacete, Juliano Baron Almeida, Vinícius Zolezi da Silva, Ivan de Rezende Almeida, Alfredo José Rodrigues, Jayme Adriano Farina
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to report the use of the unilateral pectoralis major muscle flap for the treatment of the sternal wound dehiscence. METHODS: A retrospective study including patients who underwent unilateral pectoralis major muscle flap was performed for the treatment of sternotomy dehiscence due to coronary artery bypass, valve replacement, congenital heart disease correction and mediastinitis, between 1997 and 2016. Data from the epidemiological profile of patients, length of hospital stay, postoperative complications and mortality rate were obtained...
September 2017: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203042/-treatment-of-radiation-induced-iliofemoral-arterial-complications-with-groin-radionecrosis
#4
J-M Fichelle
Long-term iliofemoral complications induced by radiation include vascular (arterial and venous) lesions, nervous lesions and soft tissue loss that can be cutaneous and subcutaneous and potentially lead to radionecrosis with vessel exposure. We present five cases of groin radionecrosis. There were three men and two women (age 30-73 years). Radiotherapy had been delivered 15 years earlier in three cases, and 2 years earlier in two cases. Symptoms were intermittent claudication (n=1), critical ischemia (n=1), and septic hemorrhage (n=1)...
December 2017: Journal de Médecine Vasculaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202348/upper-lip-reconstruction-using-a-pedicel-superficial-temporal-artery-flap
#5
Mohammad M Al-Qattan, Abdullah E Kattan
INTRODUCTION: The hair-bearing superficial temporal artery free flap has been used in men for total upper lip reconstruction. In this paper we present a case of a partial upper lip defect in a man that was reconstructed with a pedicle superficial temporal artery flap. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Following a car accident, a 35-year old man sustained a partial upper defect. The defect included the entire "outer lamella" (i.e. the skin and red lip) of the right hemi-lip as well as the outer part of the muscle (i...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198718/quadratus-femoris-muscle-pedicle-bone-flap-transplantation-in-the-treatment-of-femoral-neck-fracture-for-chinese-young-and-middle-aged-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Xiao-Jian Wang, Zhi-Hua Zhang, Lu Li, Yun-Xing Su, Lei Wei
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of quadratus femoris muscle pedicle bone flap transplantation combined with hollow compression screw fixation versus AO hollow compression screw fixation in the treatment of femoral neck fracture for Chinese young and middle-aged patients. METHODS: Case-controlled studies (CCTs) were used to compare the two operative methods in the treatment of femoral neck fractures. Data were retrieved from the Cochrane Library, Pubmed Database, CNKI, Chinese Biomedical Database...
November 4, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198704/ischemic-flap-survival-improvement-by-composition-selective-fat-grafting-with-novel-adipose-tissue-derived-product-stromal-vascular-fraction-gel
#7
Pan Zhang, Jingwei Feng, Yunjun Liao, Junrong Cai, Tao Zhou, Mingliang Sun, Jianhua Gao, Kai Gao
BACKGROUND: Flap necrosis due to insufficient blood supply is a common postoperative complication in random pattern flaps. Stem cell therapies have emerged as promising biologics for tissue ischemia. A novel fat derived product, stromal vascular fraction gel (SVF-gel), can be prepared with lipoaspirate through simple mechanical processing, removing only the lipid content. SVF-gel enriches adipose-derived stem cells and potentially beneficial for flap necrosis. METHODS: Nude mice ischemic flaps were treated with human SVF-gel, stromal vascular fraction (SVF) cell suspension or saline (n = 10)...
November 30, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194743/optimizing-venous-outflow-in-reconstruction-of-gustilo-iiib-lower-extremity-traumas-with-soft-tissue-free-flap-coverage-are-two-veins-better-than-one
#8
John T Stranix, Z-Hye Lee, Lavinia Anzai, Adam Jacoby, Tomer Avraham, Pierre B Saadeh, Jamie P Levine, Vishal D Thanik
PURPOSE: The dependent nature of the lower extremity predisposes to venous congestion, especially following significant trauma. The benefit of a second venous anastomosis, however, remains unclear in lower extremity trauma free flap reconstruction. This study investigated the effect of an additional venous anastomosis on flap outcomes in lower extremity trauma reconstruction. METHODS: Retrospective review between 1979 and 2016 identified 361 soft tissue flaps performed for Gustilo IIIB/C coverage meeting inclusion criteria...
November 30, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194256/repair-of-the-nasal-floor-by-the-cleft-margin-flap-in-bilateral-complete-cleft-lip
#9
Jumpei Tsumoto, Keisuke Imai, Cheng Chun Wu
Bilateral complete cleft lip deformity has been the most challenging to plastic surgeons, and lots of methods of repair have been described in the literature. The basic principles are to achieve continuity of the orbicularis oris muscle, a balanced Cupid's bow with nasal ala, and a complete reconstruction of the nasal floor. The last one is, however, easily neglected. A well-reconstructed nasal floor serves as a good support of the nasal cartilage, which minimizes secondary deformity. In addition, a nasal floor with sufficient soft tissue and minimal contracture makes bone grafting easier in the future...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194253/temporal-flap-as-an-option-for-buconasal-fistula-closure
#10
Tuanny Carvalho de Lima do Nascimento, Bruna da Fonseca Wastner, Cassia Biron, Maurício Romanowski, Guilherme Strujak, Rafaela Scariot, João Luiz Carlini
Maxillary defects with buconasal/businusal communications are situations difficult to manage and solve. Several treatment options are available on the literature, each one with its indication. Temporal muscle flap is one of these options, being a technique that requires more experience of the surgeon to be properly performed and that is mainly indicated for difficult cases, large defects and those nonresponsive to simpler techniques. The main purpose of this paper is to report 3 clinical patients of the application of the temporal muscle flap for the closure of extensive oral defects...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193249/turbocharged-bilateral-pedicled-diep-flap-for-reconstruction-of-thigh-defect-without-recipient-vessels-a-case-report
#11
Manuel Fernández Garrido, Nicolás Pereira, Susana López Fernández, Carmen Vega, Jaume Masià
Reconstruction of thigh defects is usually straightforward, but in cases of poor soft tissue quality, free flap reconstruction is not possible due to the absence of recipient vessels. The turbocharge technique may increase the viable, vascularized area of a flap. In this report we present a case of the use of a turbocharged bilateral pedicled DIEP flap for reconstruction of thigh defect without recipient vessels. A 29-year-old woman who underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy plus radiation therapy for a leiomyosarcoma on the left thigh...
November 29, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184735/association-of-high-volume-surgeons-working-in-high-volume-hospitals-with-cost-of-free-flap-surgeries
#12
Elham Mahmoudi, Yiwen Lu, Shu-Chen Chang, Chia-Yu Lin, Yi-Chun Wang, Chee Jen Chang, Ming-Huei Cheng, Kevin C Chung
Background: We examined the associations of surgeon and hospital volume with total cost, length of stay (LOS), and cost per day for free tissue transfer (FTT) surgeries. Evidence demonstrates a higher likelihood of success for FTT in higher volume hospitals. Little, however, is known about volume-outcome associations for surgical costs and LOS. We hypothesized that higher provider volume is associated with lower cost and shorter LOS. Methods: Using Taiwan's national data (2001-2012), we conducted a retrospective cohort study of all adults 18-64 years of age who underwent FTT during the study period...
October 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179900/intra-and-extra-thoracic-muscle-flaps-and-chest-wall-reconstruction-following-resection-of-thoracic-tumors
#13
Sonia L Betancourt Cuellar, Lior Heller, Diana P Palacio, Wayne L Hofstetter, Edith M Marom
Improvements in surgical technique over the last decade enable surgeons to perform extensive resection and reconstruction in patients presenting with tumors involving the soft tissue or bony structures of the chest wall. The type of surgical resection and its size, depend on the type of tumor resected and its location. In addition to providing a better esthetic result, the reconstruction restores support and functionality of the thoracic cage. The approach to chest wall repair includes primary closure or reconstruction by using transposition flaps, free flaps, prosthetic material, or a mixture of a flap and prosthetic material...
December 2017: Seminars in Ultrasound, CT, and MR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178203/the-anatomy-of-the-musculocutaneous-latissimus-dorsi-flap-for-neophalloplasty
#14
M Dennis, A Granger, A Ortiz, M Terrell, M Loukos, J Schober
INTRODUCTION: In transgender surgery, the ideal neophallus is one that: (a) is constructed using a reproducible procedure, (b) possesses tactile and erogenous sensation, (c) is large and rigid enough (naturally, or using a prosthesis) to permit penetrative intercourse, (d) leaves acceptable donor site morbidity, (e) results in esthetically satisfactory appearance, and (f) allows for voiding while standing. The musculocutaneous latissimus dorsi (MLD) flap has favorable results in the area of neophalloplasty...
November 27, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171159/unilateral-pectoralis-major-muscle-flap-for-the-treatment-of-sternal-wounds-due-to-ludwig-s-angina
#15
Antonio Albacete Neto, Pedro S Coltro, Grazielle S Horácio, Ivan R Almeida, Jayme A Farina Junior
Necrotising descending mediastinitis may rarely originate from Ludwig's angina, which is an infection of the submandibular space. The use of the bilateral pectoralis major muscle flap for the treatment of sternal wound dehiscence is common, but reports of the unilateral application of this flap are scarce. This study aims to report the use of the unilateral pectoralis major muscle flap for the treatment of sternotomy dehiscence in a patient with mediastinitis due to Ludwig's angina. A 21-year-old male patient underwent an exploratory cervicotomy and median sternotomy for drainage of a submandibular infection that extended to the anterior, retropharyngeal and mediastinal cervical spaces...
November 24, 2017: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166346/options-in-acellular-dermal-matrix-device-assembly
#16
Steven Sigalove
Prepectoral prosthetic breast reconstruction has become increasingly popular during the last several years. Original shortcomings and poor outcomes in the 1970s have been overcome with the use of the bioengineered breast concept-namely, use of improved form stable breast implants, autologous fat grafting, and acellular dermal matrices (ADMs). Careful use of these reconstructive tools combined with improved mastectomy skin flaps has lead to successful early outcomes. Prepectoral breast reconstruction mitigates the animation deformities and muscle tightness previously associated with dual-plane prosthetic breast reconstruction while at the same time producing reproducible and outstanding aesthetic outcomes...
December 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166342/important-considerations-for-performing-prepectoral-breast-reconstruction
#17
Hani Sbitany
Prepectoral breast reconstruction has emerged as an excellent technique for postmastectomy reconstruction, as it allows for full preservation of a patient's pectoralis major muscle and chest wall function. This reduces pain, eliminates animation deformity, and results in high patient satisfaction. Safely performed prepectoral breast reconstruction requires a careful patient selection process before committing to the procedure, taking into account comorbidities, radiation status, and oncologic criteria such as tumor location and breast cancer stage...
December 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166313/the-perineal-turnover-perforator-flap-a-new-and-simple-technique-for-perineal-reconstruction-after-extralevator-abdominoperineal-excision
#18
Maria Chasapi, Mohamed Maher, Peter Mitchell, Milind Dalal
BACKGROUND: Extralevator abdominoperineal excision (ELAPE) is increasingly used to treat locally advanced low rectal cancer as it has been related to superior oncological outcomes than traditional abdominoperineal excision.However, ELAPE also has been associated with high perineal wound morbidity rates as it creates a larger perineal cavity than standard abdominoperineal excision. This greater defect, along with the effects of preoperative chemoradiation on wound healing, makes uneventful perineal reconstruction post-ELAPE a real challenge for the plastic surgeon...
November 21, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165749/analysis-of-the-factors-affecting-surgical-site-infection-and-bone-flap-resorption-after-cranioplasty-with-autologous-cryopreserved-bone-the-importance-of-temporalis-muscle-preservation
#19
Sung-Won Jin, Sang-Dae Kim, Sung-Kon Ha, Dong-Jun Lim, Hwa Lee, Hi-Jin You
AIM: A decompressive craniectomy is a potentially life-saving surgical procedure for raised intracranial pressure. Once it has been performed, patients are obliged to undergo a second procedure with cranioplasty. The aim of this study was to investigate the outcomes and associated complications after delayed cranioplasty using autologous, cryopreserved bone. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 57 consecutive patients treated with cranioplasty with autologous cryopreserved bone for various conditions causing increased intracranial pressure due to brain swelling...
November 1, 2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165433/management-of-free-flap-failure-in-head-and-neck-surgery
#20
C Copelli, K Tewfik, L Cassano, N Pederneschi, S Catanzaro, A Manfuso, R Cocchi
Free flap surgery is overall considered the gold standard in head and neck reconstruction, with a success rate of 95%. The management of a total flap necrosis and which solution, between a pedicled or a second free flap, is safer for a salvage procedure is still controversial. Object of this study is to describe the authors' management of total free flap loss in head and neck reconstruction and compare the choices and results to those reported in the literature. From January 2012 to January 2016, 149 consecutive free flaps were performed at the Maxillo- Facial Operative Unit of the Hospital Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza in San Giovanni Rotondo (Italy) for reconstruction of head and neck defects...
October 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
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