keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

chicken

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156747/lethality-of-inappropriate-plasma-exposure-on-chicken-embryonic-development
#1
Jiao Jiao Zhang, Jin Oh Jo, Do Luong Huynh, Mrinmoy Ghosh, Nameun Kim, Sang Baek Lee, Hak Kyo Lee, Young Sun Mok, Taeho Kwon, Dong Kee Jeong
In this study, we examined the effects of non-thermal dielectric barrier discharge plasma on embryonic development in chicken eggs in order to determine the optimal level of plasma exposure for the promotion of embryonic growth. We exposed developing chicken embryos at either Hamburger-Hamilton (HH) stage 04 or HH 20 to plasma at voltages of 11.7 kV to 27.6 kV. Our results show exposure at 11.7 kV for 1 min promoted chicken embryonic development, but exposure to more duration and intensity of plasma resulted in dose-dependent embryonic death and HH 20 stage embryos survive longer than those at stage HH 04...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156611/immunodetection-of-porcine-red-blood-cell-containing-food-ingredients-using-a-porcine-hemoglobin-specific-monoclonal-antibody
#2
Jack A Ofori, Yun-Hwa P Hsieh
Monoclonal antibody (mAb) 24C12-E7 has been found to bind to a 12 kDa antigenic protein in the red blood cell (RBC) of porcine blood. The purpose of this study was to determine the identity of this 12 kDa protein and consequently examine its potential as a marker for monitoring porcine RBC-containing ingredients (PRBCIs) in foods. Proteomic techniques identified the 12 kDa antigenic protein to be a monomer of the tetrameric hemoglobin molecule. Further heat-processing of spray-dried PRBCIs diminishes its detectability...
November 20, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156559/tocotrienols-a-family-of-molecules-with-specific-biological-activities
#3
REVIEW
Raffaella Comitato, Roberto Ambra, Fabio Virgili
Vitamin E is a generic term frequently used to group together eight different molecules, namely: α-, β-, γ- and δ-tocopherol and the corresponding tocotrienols. The term tocopherol and eventually Vitamin E and its related activity was originally based on the capacity of countering foetal re-absorption in deficient rodents or the development of encephalomalacia in chickens. In humans, Vitamin E activity is generally considered to be solely related to the antioxidant properties of the tocolic chemical structure...
November 18, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156513/production-and-characterization-of-keratinolytic-proteases-by-a-chicken-feather-degrading-thermophilic-strain-thermoactinomyces-sp-yt06
#4
Lin Wang, Yuting Qian, Yun Cao, Ying Huang, Zhizhou Chang, Hongying Huang
Thermoactinomyces sp. strain YT06 was isolated from poultry compost and observed to degrade integral chicken feathers at 60°C completely, resulting in the formation of 3.24 mg/mL of free amino acid from 50 mL of culture containing 10 g/L chicken feathers. Strain YT06 could grow and secret keratinase using feather as the only carbon and nitrogen sources without other supplement, but complementation of 10 g/L sucrose and 4 g/L NaNO₃ increased the production of the keratinolytic enzyme. The maximum protease activities obtained were 110 U/mL and keratinase were 42 U/mL...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155964/effects-of-replacing-soybean-meal-with-chickpea-seeds-in-the-diet-on-mechanical-and-thermal-properties-of-tendon-tissue-in-broiler-chicken
#5
S Muszynski, M Kwiecien, M Swietlicki, P Dobrowolski, J Tatarczak, B Gladyszewska
The efficiency of the musculoskeletal system of broiler chickens, in particular during locomotion and in ensuring its supportive function, depends directly on the adequate function and mechanical endurance of soft tissues, including tendons. However, little is known whether the properties of musculoskeletal soft tissues can be influenced by changes of dietary protein. We substituted soybean meal with raw chickpea seeds as the primary protein source in the diet and studied the effects it had on the mechanical and thermal properties of drumstick tendons in broiler Ross 308 chickens...
November 15, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155957/identification-of-cells-expressing-olfm4-and-lgr5-mrna-by-in-situ-hybridization-in-the-yolk-sac-and-small-intestine-of-embryonic-and-early-post-hatch-chicks
#6
H Zhang, E A Wong
The chicken yolk sac (YS) and small intestine are essential for nutrient absorption during the pre-hatch and post-hatch periods, respectively. Absorptive enterocytes and secretory cells line the intestinal villi and originate from stem cells located in the intestinal crypts. Similarly, in the YS, there are absorptive and secretory cells that presumably originate from a stem cell population. Leucine-rich repeat containing G protein-coupled receptor 5 (Lgr5) and olfactomedin 4 (Olfm4) are 2 widely used markers for intestinal stem cells...
November 15, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155570/chemistry-antimicrobial-mechanisms-and-antibiotic-activities-of-cinnamaldehyde-against-pathogenic-bacteria-in-animal-feeds-and-human-foods
#7
Mendel Friedman
Cinnamaldehyde is a major constituent of cinnamon essential oils produced by aromatic cinnamon plants. This compound has been reported to exhibit antimicrobial properties in vitro in laboratory media and in animal feeds and human foods contaminated with disease-causing bacteria including Bacillus cereus, Campylobacter jejuni, Clostridium perfringens, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, and Salmonella enterica. This integrated review surveys and interprets our current knowledge of the chemistry, analysis, safety, mechanism of action, and antibiotic activities of cinnamaldehyde in food animal (cattle, lambs, calves, pigs, poultry) diets and in widely consumed liquid (apple, carrot, tomato, and watermelon juices, milk) and solid foods...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155267/chronic-subcutaneous-infusion-of-neurosecretory-protein-gm-increases-body-mass-gain-in-chicks
#8
Kenshiro Shikano, Shusuke Taniuchi, Eiko Iwakoshi-Ukena, Megumi Furumitsu, George E Bentley, Lance J Kriegsfeld, Kazuyoshi Ukena
Recently we discovered a small hypothalamic protein in the chicken, named neurosecretory protein GL (NPGL), which is associated with body growth and energy metabolism in birds and rodents. Genome database analysis suggested that the NPGL gene has a paralogous gene in vertebrates, named neurosecretory protein GM (NPGM). However, the biological action of NPGM remains unclear. In this study, we investigated whether NPGM affects body growth in chicks. We found that subcutaneous infusion of NPGM for six days increased body mass gain in a dose-dependent manner...
November 16, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154854/chicken-il-17a-is-expressed-in-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-cell-subsets-and-binds-to-a-receptor-present-on-macrophages-and-t-cells
#9
Isabelle Walliser, Thomas W Göbel
IL-17A as important cytokine in host defense has been analysed intensively and various homologous have been identified. To further gain insight into the functional properties of chicken (gg) IL-17A its expression profile was analysed by intracellular cytokine staining. In splenocytes and peripheral blood mononuclear cells gg IL-17A was detected in subsets of CD4(+) T cells and γδ T cells. In contrast the gg IL-17A producing populations in intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes were characterized as either CD3(+)CD25(+) cells or γδ T cells...
November 14, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154844/anticoccidial-effects-of-areca-nut-areca-catechu-l-extract-on-broiler-chicks-experimentally-infected-with-eimeria-tenella
#10
Dingfa Wang, Luli Zhou, Wei Li, Hanlin Zhou, Guanyu Hou
To study the anticoccidial effects of areca nut extract (ANE) on coccidiosis, 270 one-day old Wenchang broiler chicks were divided into six equal groups, each with three replicate cages (n = 15 per cage). The six groups were the blank control group (BC), negative control group (NC), positive control group (PC), and three ANE-treated groups. The birds in the three control groups (BC, NC and PC) were fed a basal diet without ANE supplementation. The birds in the three ANE-treated groups were fed a basal diet supplied with ANE at 100 (T1), 200 (T2), or 300 (T3) mg/kg feed...
November 14, 2017: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154745/differential-gene-expression-in-chicken-primary-b-cells-infected-ex-vivo-with-attenuated-and-very-virulent-strains-of-infectious-bursal-disease-virus-ibdv
#11
Katherine L Dulwich, Efstathios S Giotis, Alice Gray, Venugopal Nair, Michael A Skinner, Andrew J Broadbent
Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) belongs to the family Birnaviridae and is economically important to the poultry industry worldwide. IBDV infects B cells in the bursa of Fabricius (BF), causing immunosuppression and morbidity in young chickens. In addition to strains that cause classical Gumboro disease, the so-called 'very virulent' (vv) strain, also in circulation, causes more severe disease and increased mortality. IBDV has traditionally been controlled through the use of live attenuated vaccines, with attenuation resulting from serial passage in non-lymphoid cells...
November 20, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154097/diversity-abundance-and-persistence-of-antibiotic-resistance-genes-in-various-types-of-animal-manure-following-industrial-composting
#12
Xun Qian, Jie Gu, Wei Sun, Xiao-Juan Wang, Jian-Qiang Su, Robert Stedfeld
Aerobic composting is used widely for animal manure recycling, and it may reduce the amount of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) that enter the environment. We sampled three types of animal (bovine, chicken, and pig) manure and the corresponding composts from 12 large-scale farms, and tested multiple ARGs and mobile genetic elements (MGEs) by high-throughput qPCR. A total of 109 ARGs were detected in the manure and compost samples, thereby demonstrating that both are important ARG reservoirs. The diversity and abundance of ARGs were significantly higher in chicken and pig manure than bovine manure, but industrial composting was more efficient at reducing the ARGs in chicken manure than pig and bovine manure...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152884/economic-impacts-of-avian-influenza-outbreaks-in-kerala-india
#13
G Govindaraj, R Sridevi, S N Nandakumar, R Vineet, P Rajeev, M K Binu, V Balamurugan, H Rahman
This study assessed the short-run impact to poultry farmers, duck hatcheries, control costs, compensation paid to stakeholders (transfer payments) and market reactions on own and substitute product prices and backwater tourism (boat operators) due to avian influenza (AI) outbreaks in Kuttanad region of Kerala, India, during 2014. The primary data from 91 poultry farms (duck farms, broiler chicken and backyard poultry), four hatcheries and 90 backwater boat owners were collected through pre-tested schedules...
November 19, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151896/genotypic-diversity-antimicrobial-resistance-and-biofilm-forming-abilities-of-campylobacter-isolated-from-chicken-in-central-china
#14
Tengfei Zhang, Jun Dong, Yiluo Cheng, Qin Lu, Qingping Luo, Guoyuan Wen, Guoping Liu, Huabin Shao
Background: Campylobacter is considered to be the leading cause of human bacterial gastroenteritis, of which poultry is the main reservoir. Campylobacter contaminated chicken products are a major cause of human Campylobacter infection. In this study, the prevalence of Campylobacter in chicken in central China was investigated, and the genotypic diversity, antimicrobial resistance and biofilm of these isolates were characterized. Results: A total of 206 Campylobacter isolates, including 166 C...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151863/a-phylogenomic-analysis-of-marek-s-disease-virus-reveals-independent-paths-to-virulence-in-eurasia-and-north-america
#15
Jakob Trimpert, Nicole Groenke, Maria Jenckel, Shulin He, Dusan Kunec, Moriah L Szpara, Stephen J Spatz, Nikolaus Osterrieder, Dino P McMahon
Virulence determines the impact a pathogen has on the fitness of its host, yet current understanding of the evolutionary origins and causes of virulence of many pathogens is surprisingly incomplete. Here, we explore the evolution of Marek's disease virus (MDV), a herpesvirus commonly afflicting chickens and rarely other avian species. The history of MDV in the 20th century represents an important case study in the evolution of virulence. The severity of MDV infection in chickens has been rising steadily since the adoption of intensive farming techniques and vaccination programs in the 1950s and 1970s, respectively...
December 2017: Evolutionary Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151586/h7n9-virulent-mutants-detected-in-chickens-in-china-pose-an-increased-threat-to-humans
#16
Jianzhong Shi, Guohua Deng, Huihui Kong, Chunyang Gu, Shujie Ma, Xin Yin, Xianying Zeng, Pengfei Cui, Yan Chen, Huanliang Yang, Xiaopeng Wan, Xiurong Wang, Liling Liu, Pucheng Chen, Yongping Jiang, Jinxiong Liu, Yuntao Guan, Yasuo Suzuki, Mei Li, Zhiyuan Qu, Lizheng Guan, Jinkai Zang, Wenli Gu, Shuyu Han, Yangming Song, Yuzhen Hu, Zeng Wang, Linlin Gu, Wenyu Yang, Libin Liang, Hongmei Bao, Guobin Tian, Yanbing Li, Chuanling Qiao, Li Jiang, Chengjun Li, Zhigao Bu, Hualan Chen
Certain low pathogenic avian influenza viruses can mutate to highly pathogenic viruses when they circulate in domestic poultry, at which point they can cause devastating poultry diseases and severe economic damage. The H7N9 influenza viruses that emerged in 2013 in China had caused severe human infections and deaths. However, these viruses were nonlethal in poultry. It is unknown whether the H7N9 viruses can acquire additional mutations during their circulation in nature and become lethal to poultry and more dangerous for humans...
October 24, 2017: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151444/effect-of-morphological-changes-in-feather-follicles-of-chicken-carcasses-after-defeathering-and-chilling-on-the-degree-of-skin-contamination-by-campylobacter-species
#17
Khin Maung Latt, Ayaka Urata, Taisuke Shinki, Satomi Sasaki, Takako Taniguchi, Naoaki Misawa
Campylobacter jejuni and C. coli are the leading causes of enteric infections in many developed countries. Healthy chickens are considered to act as reservoirs of campylobacters, as the organisms colonize the intestinal tract. Once infected birds enter a processing plant, contamination of chicken carcasses with campylobacters occurs over the entire skin during defeathering and evisceration due to leakage of crop and/or intestinal contents. Although the role of feather follicles in the contamination of chicken carcasses by campylobacters during processing is still debatable, it has been considered that the microorganisms would be entrapped and retained in the follicles due to the morphological changes resulting from defeathering and chilling...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151074/interferon-lambda-2-promotes-mammary-tumor-metastasis-via-angiogenesis-extension-and-stimulation-of-cancer-cell-migration
#18
R Pingwara, K Witt-Jurkowska, K Ulewicz, J Mucha, K Tonecka, Z Pilch, B Taciak, K Zabielska-Koczywas, M Mori, S Berardozzi, B Botta, T P Rygiel, M Krol
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) support tumor development by stimulation of angiogenesis and immune response inhibition. In our previous study, we showed that interferon lambda 2 (IFN-λ2), secreted by MDSCs, enhances production of pro-angiogenic factors by cancer cells via phosphorylation of STAT3 and therefore promotes blood vessels formation. In the present study IFN-λ2 level was evaluated by ELISA in serum of tumor-bearing mice, whereas its expression in MDSCs isolated from the lungs with metastatic tumors and normal lungs was assessed by qPCR...
August 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150579/septicaemic-pasteurellosis-in-unvaccinated-lambs-in-northern-ireland
#19
(no author information available yet)
Northern ireland disease surveillance, july to september 2017Bibersteinia trehalosi causing septicaemic pasteurellosis in lambsAbortion due to Streptococcus pluranimalium in cattleLymphoma in cattleAcute fasciolosis in sheepErysipelas in pigsMarek's disease in chickens.
November 18, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150011/optimization-of-crispr-cas9-genome-editing-for-loss-of-function-in-the-early-chick-embryo
#20
Shashank Gandhi, Michael L Piacentino, Felipe M Vieceli, Marianne E Bronner
The advent of CRISPR/Cas9 has made genome editing possible in virtually any organism, including those not previously amenable to genetic manipulations. Here, we present an optimization of CRISPR/Cas9 for application to early avian embryos with improved efficiency via a three-fold strategy. First, we employed Cas9 protein flanked with two nuclear localization signal sequences for improved nuclear localization. Second, we used a modified guide RNA (gRNA) scaffold that obviates premature termination of transcription and unstable Cas9-gRNA interactions...
December 1, 2017: Developmental Biology
keyword
keyword
11829
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"