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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213508/familial-occurrence-of-atrioventricular-nodal-reentrant-tachycardia
#1
Yoav Michowitz, Adi Anis-Heusler, Eyal Reinstein, Oholi Tovia-Brodie, Aharon Glick, Bernard Belhassen
BACKGROUND: Atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) is considered a sporadic disease occurring in ≈22.5 cases per 10 000 in the general population. We define the prevalence and characteristics of familial AVNRT among patients who underwent radiofrequency ablation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Ablation reports of all patients with familial AVNRT (at least 2 first-degree family members) who underwent radiofrequency ablation in our institution and in another hospital were reviewed...
February 2017: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209394/ensifer-shofinae-sp-nov-a-novel-rhizobial-species-isolated-from-root-nodules-of-soybean-glycine-max
#2
Wen Hao Chen, Sheng Hui Yang, Zhao Hu Li, Xiao Xia Zhang, Xin Hua Sui, En Tao Wang, Wen Xin Chen, Wen Feng Chen
Two bacterial strains isolated from root nodules of soybean were characterized phylogenetically as members of a distinct group in the genus Ensifer based on 16S rRNA gene comparisons. They were also verified as a separated group by the concatenated sequence analyses of recA, atpD and glnII (with similarities ≤93.9% to the type strains for defined species), and by the average nucleotide identities (ANI) between the whole genome sequence of the representative strain CCBAU 251167(T) and those of the closely related strains in Ensifer glycinis and Ensifer fredii (90...
February 2, 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209013/identifying-aarskog-syndrome
#3
Anis Ahmed, Abdullah Mufeed, Ashir Kolikkal Ramachamparambathu, Umer Hasoon
Aarskog syndrome also known as Aarskog-Scott Syndrome, Facio-digito-genital Syndrome or Faciogenital Dysplasia is a rare, X-linked disorder predominantly affecting males, characterized by facial, skeletal and genital anomalies. This is a case report of a 15-year-old male patient who visited our college complaining of poor facial aesthetics. History revealed consanguinity and his sibling to be suffering from the same. A diagnosis of Aarskog syndrome was made based upon the detailed patient history, thorough clinical evaluation and identification of characteristic findings in radiographs...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204908/a-large-scale-evaluation-of-algorithms-to-calculate-average-nucleotide-identity
#4
Seok-Hwan Yoon, Sung-Min Ha, Jeongmin Lim, Soonjae Kwon, Jongsik Chun
Average nucleotide identity (ANI) is a category of computational analysis that can be used to define species boundaries of Archaea and Bacteria. Calculating ANI usually involves the fragmentation of genome sequences, followed by nucleotide sequence search, alignment, and identity calculation. The original algorithm to calculate ANI used the BLAST program as its search engine. An improved ANI algorithm, called OrthoANI, was developed to accommodate the concept of orthology. Here, we compared four algorithms to compute ANI, namely ANIb (ANI algorithm using BLAST), ANIm (ANI using MUMmer), OrthoANIb (OrthoANI using BLAST) and OrthoANIu (OrthoANI using USEARCH) using >100,000 pairs of genomes with various genome sizes...
February 15, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203504/repair-of-fingertip-defect-using-an-anterograde-pedicle-flap-based-on-the-dorsal-perforator
#5
Omar Tillo, Andrea Jester, Kerstin Oestreich, Ruth Lester, Sami A Al-Ani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202056/normal-gastric-emptying-time-of-a-carbohydrate-rich-drink-in-elderly-patients-with-acute-hip-fracture-a-pilot-study
#6
Per M Hellström, Bodil Samuelsson, Amer N Al-Ani, Margareta Hedström
BACKGROUND: Guidelines for fasting in elderly patients with acute hip fracture are the same as for other trauma patients, and longer than for elective patients. The reason is assumed stress-induced delayed gastric emptying with possible risk of pulmonary aspiration. Prolonged fasting in elderly patients may have serious negative metabolic consequences. The aim of our study was to investigate whether the preoperative gastric emptying was delayed in elderly women scheduled for surgery due to acute hip fracture...
February 15, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198668/comparative-analysis-of-corynebacterium-glutamicum-genomes-a-new-perspective-for-the-industrial-production-of-amino-acids
#7
Junjie Yang, Sheng Yang
BACKGROUND: Corynebacterium glutamicum is a non-pathogenic bacterium widely used in industrial amino acid production and metabolic engineering research. Although the genome sequences of some C. glutamicum strains are available, comprehensive comparative genome analyses of these species have not been done. Six wild type C. glutamicum strains were sequenced using next-generation sequencing technology in our study. Together with 20 previously reported strains, we present a comprehensive comparative analysis of C...
January 25, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197396/comparison-of-the-effect-of-labiolingual-inclination-and-anteroposterior-position-of-maxillary-incisors-on-esthetic-profile-in-three-different-facial-patterns
#8
Praveen Chirivella, Gowri Sankar Singaraju, Prasad Mandava, V Karunakar Reddy, Jeevan Kumar Neravati, Suja Ani George
OBJECTIVE: To test the null hypothesis that there is no effect of esthetic perception of smiling profile in three different facial types by a change in the maxillary incisor inclination and position. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A smiling profile photograph with Class I skeletal and dental pattern, normal profile were taken in each of the three facial types dolichofacial, mesofacial, and brachyfacial. Based on the original digital image, 15 smiling profiles in each of the facial types were created using the FACAD software by altering the labiolingual inclination and anteroposterior position of the maxillary incisors...
January 2017: Journal of Orthodontic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197088/synchronization-and-inter-layer-interactions-of-noise-driven-neural-networks
#9
Anis Yuniati, Te-Lun Mai, Chi-Ming Chen
In this study, we used the Hodgkin-Huxley (HH) model of neurons to investigate the phase diagram of a developing single-layer neural network and that of a network consisting of two weakly coupled neural layers. These networks are noise driven and learn through the spike-timing-dependent plasticity (STDP) or the inverse STDP rules. We described how these networks transited from a non-synchronous background activity state (BAS) to a synchronous firing state (SFS) by varying the network connectivity and the learning efficacy...
2017: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183793/clinical-information-has-low-sensitivity-for-postmortem-diagnosis-of-heart-valve-disease
#10
Sean Coffey, Andrew R Harper, Benjamin J Cairns, Ian Sd Roberts, Bernard D Prendergast
BACKGROUND: Accuracy of routinely collected information concerning cause of death is essential for public health and health systems planning. Since clinical examination has relatively low sensitivity for detection of valvular heart disease (VHD), mortality data based on clinical information alone might routinely underestimate the number of deaths due to VHD. METHODS: We compared autopsy findings against premortem clinical information for 8198 consecutive adult postmortems (mean age 69...
February 9, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183741/patterns-of-homicide-in-north-tunisia-a-10-year-study-2005-2014
#11
Mehdi Ben Khelil, Fethia Farhani, Hana Harzallah, Mohamed Allouche, Meriem Gharbaoui, Ahmed Banasr, Anis Benzarti, Moncef Hamdoun
BACKGROUND: In Tunisia and in the Arab world, few data are available about homicide patterns. The aim of our study was to analyse the victims' profiles and the general pattern. METHODS: 636 homicide victims were autopsied at the Legal Medicine Department of Charles Nicolle Hospital in Tunis, over a period of 10 years (2005-2014). RESULTS: Victims were males in 79.7% with a male-to-female ratio of 3.93 and the average age was 37.7 years...
February 9, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180951/bradyrhizobium-centrolobii-and-bradyrhizobium-macuxiense-sp-nov-isolated-from-centrolobium-paraense-grown-in-soil-of-amazonia-brazil
#12
Daniele C Michel, Samuel R Passos, Jean L Simões-Araujo, Alexandre C Baraúna, Krisle da Silva, Marcia M Parma, Itamar S Melo, Sofie E De Meyer, Graham O'Hara, Jerri E Zilli
Thirteen Gram-negative, aerobic, motile with polar flagella, rod-shaped bacteria were isolated from root nodules of Centrolobium paraense Tul. grown in soils from the Amazon region of Brazil. Growth of strains was observed at temperature range 20-36 °C (optimal 28 °C), pH ranges 5-11 (optimal 6.0-7.0), and 0.1-0.5%NaCl (optimal 0.1-0.3%). Analysis of 16S rRNA gene placed the strains into two groups within Bradyrhizobium. Closest neighbouring species (98.8%) for group I was B. neotropicale while for group II were 12 species with more than 99% of similarity...
February 8, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178292/differential-requirements-of-hippocampal-de-novo-protein-and-mrna-synthesis-in-two-long-term-spatial-memory-tests-spontaneous-place-recognition-and-delay-interposed-radial-maze-performance-in-rats
#13
Takaaki Ozawa, Kazuo Yamada, Yukio Ichitani
Hippocampal de novo mRNA and protein synthesis has been suggested to be critical for long-term spatial memory. However, its requirement in each memory process (i.e. encoding, consolidation and retrieval) and the differences in the roles of de novo mRNA and protein synthesis in different situations where spatial memory is tested have not been thoroughly investigated. To address these questions, we examined the effects of hippocampal administration of the protein synthesis inhibitors, anisomycin (ANI) and emetine (EME), as well as that of an mRNA synthesis inhibitor, 5,6-dichlorobenzimidazole 1-β-D-ribofuranoside (DRB), on rat performance in two long-term spatial memory tests...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177751/evidence-of-nonlocal-muscle-fatigue-in-male-youth
#14
Aymen Ben Othman, Anis Chaouachi, Mehdi M Chaouachi, Raouf Hammami, Sofien Kasmi, David G Behm
Evidence for nonlocal muscle fatigue (NLMF) has been inconsistent in adults, with no studies investigating youth. The objective was to examine NLMF in youth. Forty-two young males (age, 10-13 years) were tested for maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) force of the ipsilateral and contralateral knee extensors at 90° and 120° knee flexion, elbow flexors at 90°, handgrip, knee extensor isokinetic torque (300(o)·s(-1) analyzed at 90(o) and 120(o) knee flexion), as well as a unilateral countermovement jump (CMJ) and Y Balance test (YBT)...
November 2, 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166215/genetic-loci-associated-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-overlap-with-loci-for-lung-function-and-pulmonary-fibrosis
#15
Brian D Hobbs, Kim de Jong, Maxime Lamontagne, Yohan Bossé, Nick Shrine, María Soler Artigas, Louise V Wain, Ian P Hall, Victoria E Jackson, Annah B Wyss, Stephanie J London, Kari E North, Nora Franceschini, David P Strachan, Terri H Beaty, John E Hokanson, James D Crapo, Peter J Castaldi, Robert P Chase, Traci M Bartz, Susan R Heckbert, Bruce M Psaty, Sina A Gharib, Pieter Zanen, Jan W Lammers, Matthijs Oudkerk, H J Groen, Nicholas Locantore, Ruth Tal-Singer, Stephen I Rennard, Jørgen Vestbo, Wim Timens, Peter D Paré, Jeanne C Latourelle, Josée Dupuis, George T O'Connor, Jemma B Wilk, Woo Jin Kim, Mi Kyeong Lee, Yeon-Mok Oh, Judith M Vonk, Harry J de Koning, Shuguang Leng, Steven A Belinsky, Yohannes Tesfaigzi, Ani Manichaikul, Xin-Qun Wang, Stephen S Rich, R Graham Barr, David Sparrow, Augusto A Litonjua, Per Bakke, Amund Gulsvik, Lies Lahousse, Guy G Brusselle, Bruno H Stricker, André G Uitterlinden, Elizabeth J Ampleford, Eugene R Bleecker, Prescott G Woodruff, Deborah A Meyers, Dandi Qiao, David A Lomas, Jae-Joon Yim, Deog Kyeom Kim, Iwona Hawrylkiewicz, Pawel Sliwinski, Megan Hardin, Tasha E Fingerlin, David A Schwartz, Dirkje S Postma, William MacNee, Martin D Tobin, Edwin K Silverman, H Marike Boezen, Michael H Cho
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of mortality worldwide. We performed a genetic association study in 15,256 cases and 47,936 controls, with replication of select top results (P < 5 × 10(-6)) in 9,498 cases and 9,748 controls. In the combined meta-analysis, we identified 22 loci associated at genome-wide significance, including 13 new associations with COPD. Nine of these 13 loci have been associated with lung function in general population samples, while 4 (EEFSEC, DSP, MTCL1, and SFTPD) are new...
February 6, 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163823/draft-genome-sequence-of-type-strain-hbr26-t-and-description-of-rhizobium-aethiopicum-sp-nov
#16
Aregu Amsalu Aserse, Tanja Woyke, Nikos C Kyrpides, William B Whitman, Kristina Lindström
Rhizobium aethiopicum sp. nov. is a newly proposed species within the genus Rhizobium. This species includes six rhizobial strains; which were isolated from root nodules of the legume plant Phaseolus vulgaris growing in soils of Ethiopia. The species fixes nitrogen effectively in symbiosis with the host plant P. vulgaris, and is composed of aerobic, Gram-negative staining, rod-shaped bacteria. The genome of type strain HBR26(T) of R. aethiopicum sp. nov. was one of the rhizobial genomes sequenced as a part of the DOE JGI 2014 Genomic Encyclopedia project designed for soil and plant-associated and newly described type strains...
2017: Standards in Genomic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163698/bacillus-amyloliquefaciens-bacillus-velezensis-and-bacillus-siamensis-form-an-operational-group-b-amyloliquefaciens-within-the-b-subtilis-species-complex
#17
Ben Fan, Jochen Blom, Hans-Peter Klenk, Rainer Borriss
The plant growth promoting model bacterium FZB42(T) was proposed as the type strain of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens subsp. plantarum (Borriss et al., 2011), but has been recently recognized as being synonymous to Bacillus velezensis due to phylogenomic analysis (Dunlap C. et al., 2016). However, until now, majority of publications consider plant-associated close relatives of FZB42 still as "B. amyloliquefaciens." Here, we reinvestigated the taxonomic status of FZB42 and related strains in its context to the free-living soil bacterium DSM7(T), the type strain of B...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154946/rhizobium-rhizosphaerae-sp-nov-a-novel-species-isolated-from-rice-rhizosphere
#18
Juan-Juan Zhao, Jun Zhang, Rui-Jie Zhang, Cai-Wen Zhang, Hua-Qun Yin, Xiao-Xia Zhang
Two novel, Gram-negative, motile, rod-shaped, aerobic bacterial strains, MH17(T) and RD15, were isolated from the sterilized root and rhizosphere soil of rice, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the similarity between strains MH17(T) and RD15 was 100%. The isolates exhibit high sequence similarities to Rhizobium oryzae CGMCC 1.7048(T) (98.7%) and Rhizobium petrolearium SL-1(T) (97.0% and 97.1%), which supports that they belong to a novel species in the genus Rhizobium...
February 2, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154915/prolapse-symptoms-are-associated-with-abnormal-functional-anatomy-of-the-pelvic-floor
#19
Zeelha Abdool, Hans Peter Dietz, Barend Gerhardus Lindeque
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The etiology of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) likely includes over-distension or tears (avulsion) of the levator ani muscle. However, there is a lack of studies evaluating the association between symptoms of POP and these factors. This study was designed to determine the association between POP symptoms and clinical prolapse stage on the one hand, and pelvic floor functional anatomy on the other hand. METHODS: This prospective observational study included 258 patients seen at a tertiary urogynecological unit with symptoms of POP as defined by pertinent ICIQ questions...
February 2, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152432/rates-and-determinants-of-incidence-and-clearance-of-cervical-hpv-genotypes-among-hiv-seropositive-women-in-pune-india
#20
Arati Mane, Vikrant V Sahasrabuddhe, Amit Nirmalkar, Arun R Risbud, Seema Sahay, Ramesh A Bhosale, Sten H Vermund, Sanjay M Mehendale
BACKGROUND: Several studies in recent years have documented the genotype-specific prevalence of HPV infection and wide diversity and multiplicity of HPV genotypes among HIV-seropositive women. Yet, information on changes in HPV genotype-specific incidence and clearance rates over time, and their correlation with clinical or immunologic factors among HIV-seropositive women is scarce. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a prospective study to investigate the incidence and clearance rates of cervical HPV genotypes among HIV-seropositive women in India and expand the evidence base in this area of research...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
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