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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933320/neisseria-dumasiana-sp-nov-from-human-sputum-and-a-dog-s-mouth
#1
Danielle Wroblewski, Jocelyn Cole, Jana McGinnis, Maria Perez, Harriet Wilson, Lisa A Mingle, Kimberlee A Musser, William J Wolfgang
Three independent isolates of Gram-reaction-negative cocci collected from two New York State patients and a dog's mouth in California were subjected to a polyphasic analysis. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity among these isolates is 99.66 to 99.86 %. The closest species with a validly published name is Neisseria zoodegmatis (98.7 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity) with six additional species of the genus Neisseria with greater than 97 % similarity. Average nucleotide identity (ANI) and genome-to-genome distance calculator (GGDC 2...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932897/comparison-of-alternative-%C3%AE-hcg-follow-up-protocols-after-single-dose-methotrexate-therapy-for-tubal-ectopic-pregnancy
#2
Yavuz Emre Şükür, Kazibe Koyuncu, Mehmet Murat Seval, Esra Çetinkaya, Fulya Dökmeci
PURPOSE: To evaluate the performances of five different βhCG follow-up protocols after single-dose methotrexate therapy for tubal ectopic pregnancy (EP). METHODS: Data of patients who received single-dose methotrexate therapy for tubal EP at a university hospital between January 2011 and July 2016 were reviewed. A 'successful methotrexate treatment' was defined if the EP treated with no need for surgery. The performances of different protocols were tested by comparing with the currently used '15% βhCG decrease between days 4 and 7' protocol...
September 20, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929006/a-comparison-of-the-morphological-and-biochemical-characteristics-of-chlorella-sorokiniana-and-chlorella-zofingiensis-cultured-under-photoautotrophic-and-mixotrophic-conditions
#3
Siti Nor Ani Azaman, Norio Nagao, Fatimah M Yusoff, Sheau Wei Tan, Swee Keong Yeap
The responses of two species of microalgae, Chlorella sorokiniana and Chlorella zofingiensis, were compared regarding their morphological and biochemical properties under photoautotrophic and mixotrophic conditions. These microalgae were cultured under both conditions, and their crude ethanolic extracts were examined for their pigment and total phenolic contents. In addition, the microalgae's antioxidant activities were determined using a DPPH radical scavenging assay and a ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assay...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928497/perianal-abscess-mimicking-levator-ani-syndrome-a-case-report-and-approach-to-the-differential-diagnosis-of-anorectal-pain
#4
Paul Mastragostino, Alexander D Lee, Patrick J Battaglia
OBJECTIVE: To present the clinical management and comprehensive differential diagnosis of a patient with anorectal pain from a perianal abscess. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 41-year-old woman presented with pain localized to her perianal and gluteal region, accompanied by internal and external rectal pain. Prior to presentation, the patient had received a working diagnosis of levator ani syndrome. INTERVENTION AND OUTCOME: An interdisciplinary management approach was utilized...
August 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927960/a-comparison-between-multipolar-mapping-and-conventional-mapping-of-atrial-tachycardias-in-the-context-of-atrial-fibrillation-ablation
#5
Sok-Sithikun Bun, Tahar Delassi, Decebal Gabriel Latcu, Mohammed El Jamili, Anis Ayari, Abdelkarim Errahmouni, Benjamin Berte, Nadir Saoudi
BACKGROUND: Activation mapping can be challenging and time-consuming in patients with multiple atrial tachycardias (ATs). AIMS: To compare multielectrode mapping using a dedicated mapping catheter - PentaRay (Biosense Webster Inc.) - and the conventional technique for mapping ATs in the context of atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. METHODS: All procedures where PentaRay mapping of AT were used - after or during persistent AF ablation - were analysed...
September 15, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926088/treatments-for-priapism-in-boys-and-men-with-sickle-cell-disease
#6
REVIEW
Francis I Chinegwundoh, Sherie Smith, Kofi A Anie
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease comprises a group of genetic haemoglobin disorders. The predominant symptom associated with sickle cell disease is pain resulting from the occlusion of small blood vessels by abnormally 'sickle-shaped' red blood cells. There are other complications, including chronic organ damage and prolonged painful erection of the penis, known as priapism. Severity of sickle cell disease is variable, and treatment is usually symptomatic. Priapism affects up to half of all men with sickle cell disease, however, there is no consistency in treatment...
September 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925907/atrial-fibrillation-ablation-increases-inflammation-chemokine-modulation-suppresses-activation-of-leukocytes-isolated-after-ablation
#7
Alexandra Lucas, Mohammad Al-Ani, Sriram Ambadapadi, Jordan R Yaron, Donghang Zheng, Adisson Fortunel, Maia Doroton-Guevara, Liying Liu, Sufi Morshed, Jay Fricker, William Miles, Matthew McKillop
AIMS: Atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation is associated with increased circulating markers of inflammation. Innate immune, or inflammation, pathways up-regulate mononuclear cell responses and may increase risk for recurrent arrhythmia. Chemokines and serine protease coagulation pathways both activate innate immune responses. Here, we measured inflammatory markers in peripheral blood samples from patients after cryoballoon and/or radiofrequency pulmonary vein isolation and assessed the capacity for inhibition of chemokine and serine protease pathways to block cell activation...
September 18, 2017: Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925621/creating-a-space-where-doctors-can-be-vulnerable
#8
Ani A Bodoutchian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Family Practice Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923481/adam17-is-the-main-sheddase-for-the-generation-of-human-triggering-receptor-expressed-in-myeloid-cells-htrem2-ectodomain-and-cleaves-trem2-after-histidine-157
#9
Dominik Feuerbach, Patrick Schindler, Carmen Barske, Stefanie Joller, Edwige Beng-Louka, Katie A Worringer, Sravya Kommineni, Ajamete Kaykas, Daniel J Ho, Chaoyang Ye, Karl Welzenbach, Gaelle Elain, Laurent Klein, Irena Brzak, Anis K Mir, Christopher J Farady, Reiner Aichholz, Simone Popp, Nathalie George, Ulf Neumann
Triggering receptor expressed in myeloid cells (TREM2) is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily and is expressed in macrophages, dendritic cells, microglia, and osteoclasts. TREM2 plays a role in phagocytosis, regulates release of cytokine, contributes to microglia maintenance, and its ectodomain is shed from the cell surface. Here, the question was addressed at which position sheddases cleave TREM2 and what are the proteases involved in this process. Using both pharmacological and genetic approaches we report that the main protease contributing to the release of TREM2 ectodomain is ADAM17, (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase domain containing protein, also called TACE, TNFα converting enzyme) while ADAM10 plays a minor role...
September 18, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920837/bacillus-solisilvae-sp-nov-isolated-from-forest-soil
#10
Tong Pan, Hairong He, Xiaochong Wang, Yibo Shen, Junwei Zhao, Kai Yan, Xiangjing Wang, Chongxi Liu, Ji Zhang, Wensheng Xiang
A novel Gram-stain-positive, motile, endospore-forming, rod-shaped bacterial strain, NEAU-cbsb5T, was isolated from forest soil from Changbai Mountain, Heilongjiang Province, China. The isolate grew at 15-40 °C (optimum 30 °C), at pH 6.0-8.0 (optimum pH 7.0) and in the presence of up to 4 % (w/v) NaCl, although NaCl was not required for growth. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain NEAU-cbsb5T formed a distinct lineage within the genus Bacillus and was most closely related to Bacillus acidiceler DSM 18954T (99...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919524/chitosan-ferulic-acid-coated-poly-%C3%AE%C2%B5-caprolactone-electrospun-materials-with-antioxidant-antibacterial-and-antitumor-properties
#11
Gyuldzhan Yakub, Milena Ignatova, Nevena Manolova, Iliya Rashkov, Reneta Toshkova, Ani Georgieva, Nadya Markova
Novel fibrous materials from poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL), chitosan (Ch) and natural phenolic acid ferulic acid (FA) of diverse design were successfully prepared by electrospinning or electrospinning combined with dip-coating. FA incorporated in the PCL fibrous mats or in the Ch coating was in the amorphous state as evidenced by the performed differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. The release of FA was affected by the composition and design of the polymer matrix. The incorporation of a combination of FA and Ch in the fibrous mats imparted to these materials higher killing rates against pathogenic bacteria S...
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917238/qualitative-study-of-eating-habits-in-bruneian-primary-school-children
#12
Tajidah Talip, Rajiah Serudin, Salmah Noor, Nik Tuah
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity is a serious public health issue globally and poor eating habits are an important contributing factor. This study aimed to explore the perceptions, practices and attitudes towards healthy eating in Bruneian primary school children. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A qualitative study was conducted among 40 subjects involving 18 children (aged 9-10 years old), 12 parents and 10 teachers, who were recruited from two primary schools using convenience sampling...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915402/complete-immunization-coverage-and-its-determinants-among-children-in-malaysia-findings-from-the-national-health-and-morbidity-survey-nhms-2016
#13
K K Lim, Y Y Chan, A Noor Ani, J Rohani, Z A Siti Norfadhilah, M R Santhi
OBJECTIVES: The success of the Expanded Program on Immunization among children will greatly reduce the burden of illness and disability from vaccine preventable diseases. The aim of the study was to evaluate the complete immunization coverage and its determinants among children aged 12-23 months in Malaysia. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Data on immunization were extracted from the 2016 National Health and Morbidity Survey...
September 12, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912974/comment-on-interrelationship-between-sleep-and-exercise-a-systematic-review
#14
COMMENT
Mohamed A Mejri, Omar Hammouda, Amel Tayech, Narimen Yousfi, Anis Chaouachi, Nizar Souissi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advances in Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912365/d-dimer-in-african-americans-whole-genome-sequence-analysis-and-relationship-to-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-the-jackson-heart-study
#15
Laura M Raffield, Neil A Zakai, Qing Duan, Cecelia Laurie, Joshua D Smith, Marguerite R Irvin, Margaret F Doyle, Rakhi P Naik, Ci Song, Ani W Manichaikul, Yongmei Liu, Peter Durda, Jerome I Rotter, Nancy S Jenny, Stephen S Rich, James G Wilson, Andrew D Johnson, Adolfo Correa, Yun Li, Deborah A Nickerson, Kenneth Rice, Ethan M Lange, Mary Cushman, Leslie A Lange, Alex P Reiner
OBJECTIVE: Plasma levels of the fibrinogen degradation product D-dimer are higher among African Americans (AAs) compared with those of European ancestry and higher among women compared with men. Among AAs, little is known of the genetic architecture of D-dimer or the relationship of D-dimer to incident cardiovascular disease. APPROACH AND RESULTS: We measured baseline D-dimer in 4163 AAs aged 21 to 93 years from the prospective JHS (Jackson Heart Study) cohort and assessed association with incident cardiovascular disease events...
September 14, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905802/coccygodynia-pathogenesis-diagnostics-and-therapy-review-of-the-writing
#16
Bogumiła Dampc, Krzysztof Słowiński
Coccygodynia is a problem with a small percentage (1%) of the population suffering from musculoskeletal disorders. This pain is often associated with trauma, falling on the tailbone, long cycling, or by women after childbirth. The reason for the described problem can be the actual morphological changes. Idiopathic coccygodynia causes therapeutic difficulties to specialists of many fields. Unsatisfactory treatment, including coccygectomy tends to seek new solutions. They belong to them techniques exploited in the manual therapy which in their spectrum hold: direct techniques - per rectum as well as indirect techniques taking into account distant structures of the motor organ, remaining in dense interactions with the coccygeal part...
August 31, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904688/cellulitis-in-aged-persons-a-neglected-infection-in-the-literature
#17
Anis Mzabi, Wafa Marrakchi, Zeineb Alaya, Fatma Ben Fredj, Amel Rezgui, Elyès Bouajina, Chedia Laouani Kechrid
Cellulitis is a frequent soft tissue and skin infection. The lower limbs are affected in 70 to 80% of cases. Cellulitis in aged persons is not yet well described in literature. A retrospective descriptive study conducted in the Internal Medicine Department of Sahloul hospital in Sousse in Tunisia. It included patients whose age was up to 65 years old admitted into hospital for cellulitis of the legs, the arms or the face. One hundred fifty eight patients with a mean age of 73 years old (range: 65 to 94 years old) were included...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904528/access-criteria-for-anti-tnf-agents-in-spondyloarthritis-influence-on-comparative-1-year-cost-effectiveness-estimates
#18
Stephanie Harvard, Daphne Guh, Nick Bansback, Pascal Richette, Alain Saraux, Bruno Fautrel, Aslam Anis
BACKGROUND: Anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) agents are an effective, but costly, treatment for spondyloarthritis (SpA). Worldwide, multiple sets of access criteria aim to restrict anti-TNF therapy to patients with specific clinical characteristics, yet the influence of access criteria on anti-TNF cost-effectiveness is unknown. Our objective was to use data from the DESIR cohort, a prospective study of early SpA patients in France, to determine whether the French anti-TNF access criteria are the most cost-effective in that setting relative to other potential restrictions...
2017: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900705/clinical-relevance-of-neurological-evaluation-in-patients-suffering-urinary-retention-in-the-absence-of-subvesical-obstruction
#19
N Schwertner-Tiepelmann, A Hagedorn-Wiesner, C Erschig, K Beilecke, F Schwab, R Tunn
PURPOSE: Clinical relevance of neurological evaluation in patients suffered urinary retention in the absence of subvesical obstruction. Determining whether (1) women complaining residual bladder volume without prolapse and obstruction always suffer pudendal nerve damage; (2) neurogenic damage can be linked to patients history/clinical examination; (3) therapy alters regarding to neurological findings; and (4) electromyography (EMG) of musculus sphincter ani externus (MSAE) can be omitted with electronically stimulated pudendal nerve latency (ESPL) as the standard investigation...
September 12, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898554/pulmonary-blastoma-in-a-child-report-of-a-case-with-cytological-findings
#20
Mou Das, Priyanka Maity Chaudhuri, Anis Bandyopadhyay, Uttara Chatterjee
Pulmonary blastoma is an uncommon tumour. It constitutes <0.1% of all resected lung cancers. It is even more rare in children with only a few case reports describing this entity in them. Pulmonary blastoma should not be confused with pleuropulmonary blastoma which is a paediatric lung tumour with different morphology and better outcome. Here we take the opportunity of describing pulmonary blastoma in a 3 years old child along with its cytological findings.
September 12, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
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