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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091279/aflatoxin-m1-in-human-breast-milk-in-shahrekord-iran-and-association-with-dietary-factors
#1
Tina Jafari, Aziz A Fallah, Soleiman Kheiri, Abdolmajid Fadaei, Sayed Asadollah Amini
This survey was conducted to determine the occurrence and levels of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) in 250 breast milk samples of lactating mothers, obtained from urban and rural regions of Shahrekord, Iran. Moreover, the association between AFM1 occurrence levels and dietary factors were assessed. AFM1 analysis was carried out using the competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique for screening and high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection (HPLC-FLD) for confirmatory purposes...
January 16, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087646/wheat-genotypes-with-combined-resistance-to-wheat-curl-mite-wheat-streak-mosaic-virus-wheat-mosaic-virus-and-triticum-mosaic-virus
#2
Wen-Po Chuang, Lina Maria Aguirre Rojas, Luaay Kahtan Khalaf, Guorong Zhang, Allan K Fritz, Anna E Whitfield, C Michael Smith
The wheat curl mite, Aceria tosichella Keifer, (WCM) is a global pest of bread wheat that reduces yields significantly. In addition, WCM carries Wheat streak mosaic virus (WSMV, family Potyviridae, genus Tritimovirus), the most significant wheat virus in North America; High Plains wheat mosaic virus (HPWMoV, genus Emaravirus, formerly High plains virus); and Triticum mosaic virus (TriMV, family Potyviridae, genus Poacevirus). Viruses carried by WCM have reduced wheat yields throughout the U.S. Great Plains for >50 yr, with average yield losses of 2-3% and occasional yield losses of 7-10%...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077114/using-nudging-and-social-marketing-techniques-to-create-healthy-worksite-cafeterias-in-the-netherlands-intervention-development-and-study-design
#3
Elizabeth Velema, Ellis L Vyth, Ingrid H M Steenhuis
BACKGROUND: The worksite cafeteria is a suitable setting for interventions focusing on changing eating behavior, because a lot of employees visit the worksite cafeteria regularly and a variety of interventions could be implemented there. The aim of this paper is to describe the intervention development and design of the evaluation of an intervention to make the purchase behavior of employees in the worksite cafeteria healthier. The developed intervention called "the worksite cafeteria 2...
January 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076242/bread-and-butter-of-family-medicine-guidelines-population-screening-diagnostic-evaluations-and-practice-models
#4
EDITORIAL
Dean A Seehusen, Marjorie A Bowman, Anne Victoria Neale
This issue of JABFM is full of evidence and thoughtful articles on topics central to family medicine. These articles critically examine what family physicians do on a daily basis. Reports in this issue provide new evidence regarding guidelines, screening programs, evaluation procedures, and practice models. Clinical articles report that the sensitivity of mailed Fecal Immunochemical Testing changes with the weather; a dermatoscope and a simple algorithm can help differentiate malignant from benign skin lesions; and that a few almonds can alter blood glucose levels in response to a glucose tolerance test...
November 2016: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069189/ultrasound-treated-potato-peel-and-sweet-lime-pomace-based-biopolymer-film-development
#5
Purba Prasad Borah, Pulak Das, Laxmikant S Badwaik
Treatment and management of food processing waste is a major challenge for food industry. Potato processing industry generates tremendous amount of peel and consider it as zero valued waste. Again, pomace generated after juice extraction from sweet lime pulp is considered as waste and not properly utilized. Whereas these waste could be utilized for the development of biodegradable packaging film to overcome environmental issues. Composite films were prepared with varying proportion of potato peel powder (PP) and sweet lime pomace (SLP) in the ratio of 0:1(A), 0...
May 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069076/effects-of-whole-grain-rye-porridge-with-added-inulin-and-wheat-gluten-on-appetite-gut-fermentation-and-postprandial-glucose-metabolism-a-randomised-cross-over-breakfast-study
#6
Isabella Lee, Lin Shi, Dominic-Luc Webb, Per M Hellström, Ulf Risérus, Rikard Landberg
Whole-grain rye foods reduce appetite, insulin and sometimes glucose responses. Increased gut fermentation and plant protein may mediate the effect. The aims of the present study were to investigate whether the appetite-suppressing effects of whole-grain rye porridge could be enhanced by replacing part of the rye with fermented dietary fibre and plant protein, and to explore the role of gut fermentation on appetite and metabolic responses over 8 h. We conducted a randomised, cross-over study using two rye porridges (40 and 55 g), three 40-g rye porridges with addition of inulin:gluten (9:3; 6:6; 3:9 g) and a refined wheat bread control (55 g), served as part of complete breakfasts...
January 10, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065177/association-between-carbohydrate-nutrition-and-prevalence-of-depressive-symptoms-in-older-adults
#7
Bamini Gopinath, Victoria M Flood, George Burlutksy, Jimmy C Y Louie, Paul Mitchell
We aimed to examine the relationship between dietary glycaemic index (GI) and glycaemic load of foods consumed, intakes of carbohydrates, sugars and fibre, and the prevalence of depressive symptoms in older adults. Data collected from 2334 participants aged 55+ years and 1952 participants aged 60+ years were analysed. Dietary information was collected using a semi-quantitative FFQ. Depressive symptoms were based on antidepressant use or either the 36-Item Short-Form Survey, which included the Mental Health Index (MHI), or the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression-10 Scale...
January 9, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056779/transcriptome-profiling-reveals-the-genetic-basis-of-alkalinity-tolerance-in-wheat
#8
Chen Meng, Tai-Yong Quan, Zhong-Yi Li, Kang-Li Cui, Li Yan, Yu Liang, Jiu-Lan Dai, Guang-Min Xia, Shu-Wei Liu
BACKGROUND: Soil alkalinity shows significant constraints to crop productivity; however, much less attention has been paid to analyze the effect of soil alkalinity on plant growth and development. Shanrong No. 4 (SR4) is an alkalinity tolerant bread wheat cultivar selected from an asymmetric somatic hybridization between the bread wheat cultivar Jinan 177 (JN177) and tall wheatgrass (Thinopyrum ponticum), which is a suitable material for studying alkalinity tolerant associate genes. RESULTS: The growth of SR4 plant seedlings was less inhibited than that of JN177 when exposed to alkalinity stress conditions...
January 5, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055148/genome-wide-association-study-for-13-agronomic-traits-reveals-distribution-of-superior-alleles-in-bread-wheat-from-the-yellow-and-huai-valley-of-china
#9
Congwei Sun, Fuyan Zhang, Xuefang Yan, Xiangfen Zhang, Zhongdong Dong, Dangqun Cui, Feng Chen
Bread wheat is a leading cereal crop worldwide. Limited amount of superior allele loci restricted the progress of molecular improvement in wheat breeding. Here we revealed new allelic variation distribution for 13 yield-related traits in series of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) using the Wheat 90K genotyping assay, characterized in 163 bread wheat cultivars. Agronomic traits were investigated in 14 environments at three locations over three years. After filtering SNP datasets, GWAS using 20,689 high-quality SNPs associated 1,769 significant loci that explained, on average, ~20% of the phenotypic variation, both detected already reported loci and new promising genomic regions...
January 5, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054938/evolution-of-gluten-content-in-cereal-based-gluten-free-products-an-overview-from-1998-to-2016
#10
María Ángeles Bustamante, María Pilar Fernández-Gil, Itziar Churruca, Jonatan Miranda, Arrate Lasa, Virginia Navarro, Edurne Simón
The treatment of Celiac disease consists in a strict lifelong gluten-free (GF) diet. As the ingestion of small amounts can have damaging complications, there has been an ongoing discussion regarding the safe threshold for dietary residual gluten. The aim was to analyze the evolution of gluten content in cereal-based GF foodstuffs (n = 3141) from 1998 to 2016 measured by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique. Eight categories were defined: flours, breakfast cereals/bars, bakery, pasta, breads, dough, snacks, and yeasts, and these were divided into GF labeled-foods (GF-L) or reportedly GF foodstuffs, but not certified (GF-NC)...
January 3, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049735/adherence-to-a-healthy-nordic-diet-and-risk-of-stroke-a-danish-cohort-study
#11
Camilla Plambeck Hansen, Kim Overvad, Cecilie Kyrø, Anja Olsen, Anne Tjønneland, Søren Paaske Johnsen, Marianne Uhre Jakobsen, Christina Catherine Dahm
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Specific dietary patterns, including the Mediterranean diet, have been associated with stroke prevention. Our aim was to investigate whether adherence to a healthy Nordic diet, including fish, apples and pears, cabbages, root vegetables, rye bread, and oatmeal, was associated with risk of stroke. METHODS: Incident cases of stroke among 55 338 men and women from the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health cohort were identified from the Danish National Patient Register and verified by review of records...
January 3, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043504/rehabilitation-of-treated-tb-patients-social-psychological-and-economic-aspects
#12
Blessina Amulya Kumar
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: To highlight the need for post-treatment rehabilitation of TB patient; including social psychological and economic aspects. METHODS: Patient interaction, informal interviews, field observations and secondary research. The minimum duration of treatment (for drug-susceptible TB) is 6months. Treatment for drug-resistant TB can be from anywhere between 18 and 24months. In some cases treatment can last for more than 5years. Despite this, little attention is given to the social, psychological and economic impact extended treatment can have on the lives of individuals...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042413/association-between-nutritional-status-with-spontaneous-abortion
#13
Rahimeh Ahmadi, Saeideh Ziaei, Sosan Parsay
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous abortion is the most common adverse pregnancy outcome. We aimed to investigate a possible link between nutrient deficiencies and the risk of spontaneous abortion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control study included the case group (n=331) experiencing a spontaneous abortion before 14 weeks of pregnancy and the control group (n=331) who were healthy pregnant women over 14 weeks of pregnancy. The participants filled out Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), in which they reported their frequency of consumption for a given serving of each food item during the past three months, on a daily, weekly or monthly basis...
January 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036107/linkage-drag-constrains-the-roots-of-modern-wheat
#14
Kai P Voss-Fels, Lunwen Qian, Sebastian Parra-Londono, Ralf Uptmoor, Matthias Frisch, Gabriel Keeble-Gagnère, Rudi Appels, Rod J Snowdon
Roots, the hidden half of crop plants, are essential for resource acquisition. However, knowledge about the genetic control of below-ground plant development in wheat, one of the most important small-grain crops in the world, is very limited. The molecular interactions connecting root and shoot development and growth, and thus modulating the plant's demand for water and nutrients along with its ability to access them, are largely unexplored. Here we demonstrate that linkage drag in European bread wheat, driven by strong selection for a haplotype variant controlling heading date, has eliminated a specific combination of two flanking, highly conserved, haplotype variants whose interaction confers increased root biomass...
December 30, 2016: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035736/targeted-metabolomics-reveals-differences-in-the-extended-postprandial-plasma-metabolome-of-healthy-subjects-after-intake-of-whole-grain-rye-porridges-versus-refined-wheat-bread
#15
Lin Shi, Carl Brunius, Magnus Lindelöf, Souad Abou Shameh, Huaxing Wu, Isabella Lee, Rikard Landberg, Ali A Moazzami
SCOPE: We previously found that whole-grain (WG) rye porridges suppressed appetite and improved glucose metabolism. The present work aimed to investigate potential plasma metabolites that may be related to differences in those appetite and glucose responses. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-one health subjects consumed six isocaloric breakfasts in a randomised cross-over study. Plain WG rye porridges (40 g and 55 g), rye porridge enriched with different inulin: gluten proportions (9:3 g; 6:6 g; 3:9 g), and a 55 g refined wheat bread (control) were served as part of complete breakfast, followed by a standardized lunch...
December 30, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035155/effect-of-gelatinized-flour-fraction-on-thermal-and-rheological-properties-of-wheat-based-dough-and-bread
#16
H Carrillo-Navas, A Y Guadarrama-Lezama, E J Vernon-Carter, S García-Díaz, I Reyes, J Alvarez-Ramírez
This work considered gelatinized wheat flour fraction with properties similar to hydrocolloid to enhance the strength of dough network by improving water retention and rheological characteristics. The gelatinized (90 °C) fraction of the wheat flour was incorporated in the dough formulation at different levels (5, 10, and 20% w/w). The effects of the gelatinized flour (GF) fraction on the dough rheology and thermal properties were studied. The incorporation of GF induced a moderate increase of dough viscoelasticity and reduced the freezing and melting enthalpies...
November 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028392/effect-of-pseudocereal-based-breakfast-meals-on-the-first-and-second-meal-glucose-tolerance-in-healthy-and-diabetic-subjects
#17
Shreef G N Gabrial, Marie-Christine R Shakib, Gamal N Gabrial
BACKGROUND: Many studies have indicated that the incidence of serious diabetic complications may be reduced through strict glycemic control. A low glycemic index diet is one tool to improve insulin resistance and improve glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). AIM: The objective was to study the effect of pseudocereals-based breakfasts (quinoa and buckwheat) on glucose variations at first meal (breakfast) and second meal (standardised lunch) in healthy and diabetic subjects...
December 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025503/associations-of-maternal-dietary-patterns-during-pregnancy-with-offspring-adiposity-from-birth-until-54-months-of-age
#18
Ling-Wei Chen, Izzuddin M Aris, Jonathan Y Bernard, Mya-Thway Tint, Airu Chia, Marjorelee Colega, Peter D Gluckman, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Seang-Mei Saw, Yap-Seng Chong, Fabian Yap, Keith M Godfrey, Rob M van Dam, Mary Foong-Fong Chong, Yung Seng Lee
Most studies linking maternal diet with offspring adiposity have focused on single nutrients or foods, but a dietary pattern approach is more representative of the overall diet. We thus aimed to investigate the relations between maternal dietary patterns and offspring adiposity in a multi-ethnic Asian mother-offspring cohort in Singapore. We derived maternal dietary patterns using maternal dietary intake information at 26-28 weeks of gestation, of which associations with offspring body mass index (BMI), abdominal circumference (AC), subscapular skinfold (SS), and triceps skinfold (TS) were assessed using longitudinal data analysis (linear mixed effects (LME)) and multiple linear regression at ages 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 24, 36, 48, and 54 months...
December 22, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018403/comparative-analysis-of-phenolic-compound-characterization-and-their-biosynthesis-genes-between-two-diverse-bread-wheat-triticum-aestivum-varieties-differing-for-chapatti-unleavened-flat-bread-quality
#19
Monica Sharma, Rajat Sandhir, Anuradha Singh, Pankaj Kumar, Ankita Mishra, Sanjay Jachak, Sukhvinder P Singh, Jagdeep Singh, Joy Roy
Phenolic compounds (PCs) affect the bread quality and can also affect the other types of end-use food products such as chapatti (unleavened flat bread), now globally recognized wheat-based food product. The detailed analysis of PCs and their biosynthesis genes in diverse bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) varieties differing for chapatti quality have not been studied. In this study, the identification and quantification of PCs using UPLC-QTOF-MS and/or MS/MS and functional genomics techniques such as microarrays and qRT-PCR of their biosynthesis genes have been studied in a good chapatti variety, "C 306" and a poor chapatti variety, "Sonalika...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017991/rheological-properties-and-bread-quality-of-frozen-sweet-dough-with-added-xanthan-and-different-freezing-rate
#20
Mina Akbarian, Arash Koocheki, Mohebbat Mohebbi, Elnaz Milani
In this paper the effects of frozen storage time, xanthan gum and rate of freezing on frozen sweet dough properties and unfermented bread quality was investigated. Results revealed that the water holding capacity, WHC, K1 (stress decay rate) and K2 (residual stress at the end of the stress relaxation experiment) values of frozen dough decreased with increasing frozen storage time and decreasing freezing rate; while the lowest values for these parameters were obtained for samples without xanthan gum. The amount of unfreezable water increased and freezable water decreased with addition of xanthan gum...
October 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
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