keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

bread

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550605/high-throughput-snp-genotyping-of-modern-and-wild-emmer-wheat-for-yield-and-root-morphology-using-a-combined-association-and-linkage-analysis
#1
Stuart J Lucas, Ayten Salantur, Selami Yazar, Hikmet Budak
Durum wheat (Triticum turgidum var. durum Desf.) is a major world crop that is grown primarily in areas of the world that experience periodic drought, and therefore, breeding climate-resilient durum wheat is a priority. High-throughput single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping techniques have greatly increased the power of linkage and association mapping analyses for bread wheat, but as yet there is no durum wheat-specific platform available. In this study, we evaluate the new 384HT Wheat Breeders Array for its usefulness in tetraploid wheat breeding by genotyping a breeding population of F6 hybrids, derived from multiple crosses between T...
May 26, 2017: Functional & Integrative Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542653/-folate-and-pregnancy-current-concepts-it-is-required-folic-acid-supplementation
#2
Erika Castaño, Raúl Piñuñuri, Sandra Hirsch, Ana María Ronco
Folate intake during pregnancy is essential for an adequate fetal and placental development and for the long time health of the individual. Its deficiency may induce fetal pathologies, including neural tube disease (NTD). Therefore, several countries implemented public policies to fortify foods with folic acid (FA). Chile started the fortification of wheat flour with FA in the year 2000, decreasing a 43% the prevalence of NTD. However, despite the high consumption of bread (the main fortified food with FA) by our population, a high number of pregnant women consume FA supplements, thus, over passing the maximal recommended FA intake...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539970/developing-transgenic-wheat-to-encounter-rusts-and-powdery-mildew-by-overexpressing-barley-chi26-gene-for-fungal-resistance
#3
Hala F Eissa, Sameh E Hassanien, Ahmed M Ramadan, Moustafa M El-Shamy, Osama M Saleh, Ahmed M Shokry, Mohamed Abdelsattar, Yasser B Morsy, Maher A El-Maghraby, Hussien F Alameldin, Sabah M Hassan, Gamal H Osman, Hesham T Mahfouz, Gharib A Gad El-Karim, Magdy A Madkour, Ahmed Bahieldin
BACKGROUND: The main aim of this study was to improve fungal resistance in bread wheat via transgenesis. Transgenic wheat plants harboring barley chitinase (chi26) gene, driven by maize ubi promoter, were obtained using biolistic bombardment, whereas the herbicide resistance gene, bar, driven by the CaMV 35S promoter was used as a selectable marker. RESULTS: Molecular analysis confirmed the integration, copy number, and the level of expression of the chi26 gene in four independent transgenic events...
2017: Plant Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536586/ancestral-qtl-alleles-from-wild-emmer-wheat-enhance-root-development-under-drought-in-modern-wheat
#4
Lianne Merchuk-Ovnat, Tzion Fahima, Jhonathan E Ephrath, Tamar Krugman, Yehoshua Saranga
A near-isogenic line (NIL-7A-B-2), introgressed with a quantitative trait locus (QTL) on chromosome 7AS from wild emmer wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp. dicoccoides) into the background of bread wheat (T. aestivum L.) cv. BarNir, was recently developed and studied in our lab. NIL-7A-B-2 exhibited better productivity and photosynthetic capacity than its recurrent parent across a range of environments. Here we tested the hypothesis that root-system modifications play a major role in NIL-7A-B-2's agronomical superiority...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533438/high-resolution-mapping-of-crossover-events-in-the-hexaploid-wheat-genome-suggests-a-universal-recombination-mechanism
#5
Benoit Darrier, Hélène Rimbert, François Balfourier, Lise Pingault, Ambre-Aurore Josselin, Bertrand Servin, Julien Navarro, Frédéric Choulet, Etienne Paux, Pierre Sourdille
During meiosis, crossovers (COs) create new allele associations by reciprocal exchange of DNA. In bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), COs are almost limited to subtelomeric regions of chromosomes resulting in a substantial loss of breeding efficiency in the proximal regions though these latter carry ~60-70% of the genes. Identifying sequence and/or chromosome features impacting recombination occurrence is thus relevant to improve and drive recombination. Using the recent release of a reference sequence of chromosome 3B and of the draft assemblies of the 20 other wheat chromosomes, we performed a fine-scale mapping of COs and we revealed that 82% of COs located in the distal ends of chromosome 3B representing 19% of the chromosome length...
May 22, 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532533/glycaemic-index-and-glycaemic-load-values-of-commonly-consumed-foods-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#6
Ayesha S Al Dhaheri, C Jeyakumar K Henry, Maysm N Mohamad, Eric O Ohuma, Leila Cheikh Ismail, Fatima T Al Meqbaali, Amjad H Jarrar
Glycaemic index (GI) and glycaemic load (GL) values of some commonly consumed foods in the United Arab Emirates were determined with an aim of adding these values to the existing international table of GI and GL values. In all, eighteen test foods categorised into breads (n 5), entrée dishes (n 3), main dishes (n 5) and sweet dishes (n 5) were tested. For each test food, at least fifteen healthy participants consumed 25 or 50 g available carbohydrate portions of a reference food (glucose), which was tested three times, and a test food after an overnight fast, was tested once, on separate occasions...
May 23, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532413/dietary-habits-oral-impact-on-daily-performance-and-type-2-diabetes-a-matched-case-control-study-from-sudan
#7
Hasaan G Mohamed, Kamal Mustafa, Salah O Ibrahim, Anne N Åstrøm
BACKGROUND: It is evident that social and behavioural factors influence on individuals' general health and quality of life. Nevertheless, information about the influence of dietary habits on oral health-related quality of life is limited; especially among patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). The aim of this study was to examine the influence of dietary habits and clinical oral health indicators on oral health-related quality of life in individuals with and without T2D. METHODS: A total of 149 T2D cases and 298 controls were recruited for this age and gender matched case-control study...
May 22, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531784/gut-microbiota-mediated-benefits-of-barley-kernel-products-on-metabolism-gut-hormones-and-inflammatory-markers-as-affected-by-co-ingestion-of-commercially-available-probiotics-a-randomized-controlled-study-in-healthy-subjects
#8
Anne Nilsson, Elin Johansson-Boll, Jonna Sandberg, Inger Björck
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Barley kernel based products have been shown to induce benefits on blood glucose regulation, cardio-metabolic risk markers and appetite regulating hormones in a time perspective of 11-16 h after intake. The mechanisms have been assigned to gut fermentation of indigestible carbohydrates. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate if the modulatory effects of barley on markers of metabolic- and appetite regulation are affected by a dietary background including a mixture of commercially available probiotics...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531638/incorporation-of-beta-glucans-into-bread-postprandial-glucose-insulin-and-ghrelin-response-of-healthy-subjects
#9
Nikoleta S Stamataki, Amalia E Yanni, Maria G Stoupaki, Alexandros Tsigkas, Panagiotis Konstantopoulos, Irene Pateras, Nikolaos Tentolouris, Despina N Perrea, Vaios T Karathanos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530606/effects-of-chemical-composition-and-baking-on-in-vitro-digestibility-of-proteins-in-breads-made-from-selected-gluten-containing-and-gluten-free-flours
#10
Tong Wu, Cheryl Taylor, Thomas Nebl, Ken Ng, Louise E Bennett
Breads prepared from cereal grains are a dietary staple, providing a significant proportion of daily energy, but not necessarily of dietary protein. However, good digestibility of proteins in bread is important to avoid potential immunogenic effects of undigested peptides, including for those gluten-intolerant. Four gluten-containing (white wheat, wholemeal wheat, spelt and rye) and four gluten-free (chick pea, lupin, buckwheat, amaranth) flours were used to make yeast-leavened breads standardized for protein...
October 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530586/characterization-of-textural-rheological-thermal-microstructural-and-water-mobility-in-wheat-flour-dough-and-bread-affected-by-trehalose
#11
Bo Peng, Youqian Li, Shiyong Ding, Jun Yang
The study aims to elucidate the effects of trehalose on the mechanical, thermal, and rheological properties of wheat flour dough and water distribution in bread. Texture profile analysis, DSC, farinograph, extensograph, and frequency sweep were applied in dough. The results from SEM revealed that the gluten film became less notable with the presence of trehalose. The kinetics of staling process, low-field (1)H NMR, and water-binding capacity were employed to characterize physicochemical properties of bread...
October 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527745/early-life-protein-intake-food-sources-correlates-and-tracking-across-the-first-5-years-of-life
#12
Karen J Campbell, Gavin Abbott, Miaobing Zheng, Sarah A McNaughton
BACKGROUND: High consumption of protein has been associated with accelerated growth and adiposity in early childhood. OBJECTIVE: To describe intake, food sources, correlates, and tracking of protein in young children. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of Melbourne Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT). Dietary data were collected using three 24-hour dietary recalls at ages 9 and 18 months as well as 3.5 and 5 years. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: First-time mothers and their child (n=542) participated in an 18-month intervention to prevent childhood obesity and the cohort was followed-up with no intervention when children were aged 3...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526703/mir156-regulated-taspls-interact-with-tad53-to-regulate-tatb1-and-taba1-expression-in-bread-wheat
#13
Jie Liu, Xiliu Cheng, Pan Liu, Jiaqiang Sun
Genetic and environmental factors affect bread wheat plant architecture, which determines grain yield. In this study, we demonstrate that miR156 controls bread wheat plant architecture. We show that overexpression of tae-miR156 in bread wheat cultivar Kenong199 leads to increased tiller number and severe defects in spikelet formation, probably due to the tae-miR156-mediated repression of a group of SQUAMOSA PROMOTER BINDING PROTEIN-LIKE (SPL) genes. Furthermore, we found that the expression of two genes TaBA1 and TaTB1, whose orthologous genes in diverse plant species play conserved roles in regulating plant architecture, is markedly reduced in the tae-miR156-OE bread wheat plants...
May 19, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525953/human-yeast-hybrids-new-visions-to-genetic-disorders-and-drug-discovery
#14
Najmeh Zarei, Vahid Khalaj
Yeast has been a very helpful organism for centuries, especially with respect to fermentation of sugars and production of bread. However, for an even longer time, yeast has been a distant relative of humans having diverged from a common ancestor, about one billion years ago. More than one third of the yeast genes have human counterparts, despite this evolutionary distance. Yeast and human orthologs perform the same or similar functions. Investigations have demonstrated that 9-92% of the amino acid sequences in similar human and yeast proteins overlap...
July 2017: Iranian Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522999/fermentation-ph-modulates-the-size-distributions-and-functional-properties-of-gluconobacter-albidus-tmw-2-1191-levan
#15
Tharalinee Ua-Arak, Frank Jakob, Rudi F Vogel
Bacterial levan has gained an increasing interest over the last decades due to its unique characteristics and multiple possible applications. Levan and other exopolysaccharides (EPSs) production are usually optimized to obtain the highest concentration or yield while a possible change of the molecular size and mass during the production process is mostly neglected. In this study, the molar mass and radius of levan samples were monitored during fermentations with the food-grade, levan-producing acetic acid bacterium Gluconobacter (G...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521538/correction-to-raninen-lappi-kolehmainen-kolehmainen-mykk%C3%A3-nen-poutanen-and-raatikainen-diet-derived-changes-by-sourdough-fermented-rye-bread-in-exhaled-breath-aspiration-ion-mobility-spectrometry-profiles-in-individuals-with-mild-gastrointestinal-symptoms
#16
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520767/ms26-cyp704b-is-required-for-anther-and-pollen-wall-development-in-bread-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l-and-combining-mutations-in-all-three-homeologs-causes-male-sterility
#17
Manjit Singh, Manish Kumar, Katherine Thilges, Myeong-Je Cho, A Mark Cigan
Development of anthers and pollen represents an important aspect of the life cycle in flowering plants. Genes contributing to anther and pollen development have been widely studied in many plant species. Ms26/CYP704B genes play an important role in pollen development through biosynthesis of sporopollenin for pollen exine formation. To investigate the role of Ms26/CYP704B genes in anther and pollen development of bread wheat, mutations in the A-, B-, and D-homeologs of the putative Ms26/CYP704B gene were analyzed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517039/genetics-of-mycorrhizal-symbiosis-in-winter-wheat-triticum-aestivum
#18
Heike Lehnert, Albrecht Serfling, Matthias Enders, Wolfgang Friedt, Frank Ordon
Bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) is a major staple food and therefore of prime importance for feeding the Earth's growing population. Mycorrhiza is known to improve plant growth, but although extensive knowledge concerning the interaction between mycorrhizal fungi and plants is available, genotypic differences concerning the ability of wheat to form mycorrhizal symbiosis and quantitative trait loci (QTLs) involved in mycorrhization are largely unknown. Therefore, a diverse set of 94 bread wheat genotypes was evaluated with regard to root colonization by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi...
May 18, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516817/decreased-but-still-sufficient-iodine-intake-of-children-and-adults-in-the-netherlands
#19
Janneke Verkaik-Kloosterman, Elly J M Buurma-Rethans, Arnold L M Dekkers, Caroline T M van Rossum
Sufficient I intake is important for the synthesis of thyroid hormones, which play an important role in normal growth and development. Our aim was to estimate habitual I intake for the Dutch population and the risk of inadequate or excessive intakes. Further, we aimed to provide an insight into the dietary sources of I and the association with socio-demographic factors. Data from the Dutch National Food Consumption Survey 2007-2010 (n 3819; 7-69 years), and from the Dutch food and supplement composition tables were used to estimate habitual I intake with a calculation model...
May 18, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515404/insolubility-and-alteration-of-allergenic-activity-of-wheat-proteins-in-processed-foods
#20
Kajiyo Tanaka, Yuuki Kanie, Michita Naitou, Misa Suzuki, Harue Umemura, Kazunori Tagami, Kazunori Sakai, Tomoko Furuta, Chikako Yamada, Hidehiko Izumi, Tomoharu Yokooji, Hiroaki Matsuo, Komei Ito
BACKGROUND: Food processing causes decomposition, denaturation or polymerization of protein, which may alter an allergic reaction. This study aimed to investigate the insolubility and alteration of wheat allergens in processed foods and the reactivity to patient sera. METHODS: We extracted proteins from wheat flour, udon and bread using different extracts and conducted SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. IgE-immunoblotting was also conducted using sera from children with wheat allergy...
2017: Arerugī, [Allergy]
keyword
keyword
11828
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"