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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453498/seed-priming-with-iron-and-zinc-in-bread-wheat-effects-in-germination-mitosis-and-grain-yield
#1
Sara Reis, Ivo Pavia, Ana Carvalho, José Moutinho-Pereira, Carlos Correia, José Lima-Brito
Currently, the biofortification of crops like wheat with micronutrients such as iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) is extremely important due to the deficiencies of these micronutrients in the human diet and in soils. Agronomic biofortification with Fe and Zn can be done through different exogenous strategies such as soil application, foliar spraying, and seed priming. However, the excess of these micronutrients can be detrimental to the plants. Therefore, in the last decade, a high number of studies focused on the evaluation of their phytotoxic effects to define the best strategies for biofortification of bread wheat...
February 16, 2018: Protoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451044/endemic-and-emerging-acute-virus-infections-in-indonesia-an-overview-of-the-past-decade-and-implications-for-the-future
#2
Wesley de Jong, Musofa Rusli, Soerajja Bhoelan, Sofie Rohde, Fedik A Rantam, Purwati A Noeryoto, Usman Hadi, Eric C M van Gorp, Marco Goeijenbier
Being the largest archipelago country in the world, with a tropical climate and a unique flora and fauna, Indonesia habitats one of the most diverse biome in the world. These characteristics make Indonesia a popular travel destination, with tourism numbers increasing yearly. These characteristics also facilitate the transmission of zoonosis and provide ideal living and breading circumstances for arthropods, known vectors for viral diseases. A review of the past 10 years of literature, reports of the Ministry of Health, Republic of Indonesia and ProMED-mail shows a significant increase in dengue infection incidence...
February 16, 2018: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449853/targeted-haplotype-comparisons-between-south-african-wheat-cultivars-appear-predictive-of-pre-harvest-sprouting-tolerance
#3
Scott L Sydenham, Annelie Barnard
Pre-harvest sprouting (PHS) has been a serious production constraint for over two decades, especially in the summer rainfall wheat production regions of South Africa. It is a complex genetic trait controlled by multiple genes, which are significantly influenced by environmental conditions. This complicates the accurate prediction of a cultivar's stability in terms of PHS tolerance. A number of reports have documented the presence of major QTL on chromosomes 3A and 4A of modern bread wheat cultivars, which confer PHS tolerance...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448899/dietary-exposure-of-the-belgian-population-to-emulsifiers-e481-sodium-stearoyl-2-lactylate-and-e482-calcium-stearoyl-2-lactylate
#4
Sarah Bel, Thomas Struyf, Tine Fierens, Griet Jacobs, Christine Vinkx, Mia Bellemans, Stefan Voorspoels, Karin De Ridder
A dietary exposure assessment of food emulsifiers E481 (sodium stearoyl-2-lactylate) and E482 (calcium stearoyl-2-lactylate) in the Belgian population was performed. Nationally representative food consumption data from the Belgian National Food Consumption Surveys 2004 (BNFCS2004) and 2014 (BNFCS2014) were used for calculations. A conservative approach (combining individual food consumption data with the maximum permitted level (MPL) of foods (tier 2), was compared with more refined estimates (combining individual food consumption data with actual concentrations measured in food products available on the Belgian market (tier 3))...
February 15, 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448093/probabilistic-assessment-of-dietary-exposure-to-heterocyclic-amines-and-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-from-consumption-of-meats-and-breads-in-the-united-states
#5
Jane G Pouzou, Solenne Costard, Francisco J Zagmutt
This probabilistic analysis estimated daily dietary exposures of the US population to heterocyclic amines and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from meat and some varieties of bread. Mean concentrations for these foods grouped by cooking method and food form were combined with consumption data from the National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (NHANES). Mean exposure to HCA2 (PhIP + MeIQx), was 565.3 ng/day (95% CrI: 403.73, 726.88), and to PAH8 (sum of BaP, ChY, BaA, BkF, BbF, DahA, IP, and BghiP), was 634...
February 12, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448089/probabilistic-estimates-of-heterocyclic-amines-and-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-concentrations-in-meats-and-breads-applicable-to-exposure-assessments
#6
Jane G Pouzou, Solenne Costard, Francisco J Zagmutt
Random effect meta-regressions were constructed to estimate concentrations of two heterocyclic amines (HCA) and eight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in meat and breads. Eighteen HCA studies and nine PAH studies of food concentration were assembled. Concentration was computed for beef, poultry, pork, and seafood, and bread. Fixed effect predictors included cooking time, form of the food, cooking method, interaction between form and cooking method, temperature at which the food was cooked food, fuel of the flame source, percentage of fat, and other elements...
February 12, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444813/-teosinte-branched1-regulates-inflorescence-architecture-and-development-in-bread-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l
#7
Laura E Dixon, Julian R Greenwood, Stefano Bencivenga, Peng Zhang, James Cockram, Gregory Mellers, Kerrie Ramm, Colin Cavanagh, Steve M Swain, Scott Andrew Boden
The flowers of major cereals are arranged on reproductive branches known as spikelets, which group together to form an inflorescence. Diversity for inflorescence architecture has been exploited during domestication to increase crop yields, and genetic variation for this trait has potential to further boost grain production. Multiple genes that regulate inflorescence architecture have been identified by studying alleles that modify gene activity or dosage; however, little is known in wheat. Here, we show TEOSINTE BRANCHED1 ( TB1 ) regulates inflorescence architecture in bread wheat ( Triticum aestivum L...
February 14, 2018: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444674/the-gendered-experience-with-respect-to-health-seeking-behaviour-in-an-urban-slum-of-kolkata-india
#8
Moumita Das, Federica Angeli, Anja J S M Krumeich, Onno C P van Schayck
BACKGROUND: Empirical evidence shows that the relationship between health-seeking behaviour and diverse gender elements, such as gendered social status, social control, ideology, gender process, marital status and procreative status, changes across settings. Given the high relevance of social settings, this paper intends to explore how gender elements interact with health-seeking practices among men and women residing in an Indian urban slum, in consideration of the unique socio-cultural context that characterises India's slums...
February 14, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442457/dietary-patterns-and-breast-or-lung-cancer-risk-a-pooled-analysis-of-2-case-control-studies-in-north-eastern-poland
#9
Beata Krusińska, Iwona Hawrysz, Małgorzata A Słowińska, Lidia Wądołowska, Maciej Biernacki, Anna Czerwińska, Janusz J Gołota
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer in women and lung cancer in men are the most prevalent cancers in Poland and worldwide. Evidence of the impact of food groups and nutrients on the risk of breast and lung cancer is limited and lacking conclusions. Studies on food consumption and breast or lung cancer are limited. OBJECTIVES: Assessment of the association between dietary patterns and the prevalence of breast and lung cancers in adult Poles. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved a pooled analysis of 2 case-control studies on 320 subjects aged 50-70 years from north-eastern Poland (160 women, 160 men)...
December 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442017/determination-of-coumarin-in-seasonal-bakery-products-using-quechers-and-gc-ms
#10
F Vetter, C Müller, M Stöckelhuber, F Bracher
Cinnamon is a traditional herbal drug, but more importantly, it is used as a flavor compound in the production of foodstuff. Due to the content of significant concentrations of coumarin in Cassia cinnamon, effective control of the coumarin content in seasonal bakery products like ginger bread and cinnamon biscuits is urgently needed. Here we present a novel, fast and fully validated protocol for the determination of coumarin in marketed bakery products using the QuEChERS sample preparation technique in combination with GC-MS analysis...
June 1, 2017: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438647/iodine-adequacy-in-tasmania-sustained-after-7-years-of-mandatory-bread-fortification
#11
Kristen L Hynes, Judy A Seal, Petr Otahal, Monique A Reardon, John R Burgess
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 19, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433778/novel-meat-enriched-foods-for-older-consumers
#12
Mustafa M Farouk, Michelle J Y Yoo, Nazimah S A Hamid, Maryann Staincliffe, Briar Davies, Scott O Knowles
Red meat enriched versions of bread, spaghetti, yoghurt, ice cream and chocolate were prototyped and assessed for some of their physical, chemical and microbiological properties, as well as sensory appeal. The protein content of the products were significantly increased and their colour went darker with meat enrichment (p<0.05). Bread volume and spaghetti tensile strength increased and ice cream meltability and yoghurt apparent viscosity decreased with meat enrichment (p<0.05). The overall acceptability/liking of bread, flavoured ice cream and spaghetti were not affected (p>0...
February 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433580/dietary-patterns-and-physical-activity-in-the-metabolically-un-healthy-obese-the-dutch-lifelines-cohort-study
#13
Sandra N Slagter, Eva Corpeleijn, Melanie M van der Klauw, Anna Sijtsma, Linda G Swart-Busscher, Corine W M Perenboom, Jeanne H M de Vries, Edith J M Feskens, Bruce H R Wolffenbuttel, Daan Kromhout, Jana V van Vliet-Ostaptchouk
BACKGROUND: Diversity in the reported prevalence of metabolically healthy obesity (MHO), suggests that modifiable factors may be at play. We evaluated differences in dietary patterns and physical activity between MHO and metabolically unhealthy obesity (MUO). METHODS: Cross-sectional data of 9270 obese individuals (30-69 years) of the Lifelines Cohort Study was used. MHO was defined as obesity and no metabolic syndrome risk factors and no cardiovascular disease history...
February 12, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433574/association-between-diet-quality-dietary-patterns-and-cardiometabolic-health-in-australian-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Katherine M Livingstone, Sarah A McNaughton
BACKGROUND: Diet quality indices score dietary intakes against recommendations, whereas dietary patterns consider the pattern and combination of dietary intakes. Studies evaluating both methodologies in relation to cardiometabolic health in a nationally representative sample are limited. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between diet quality, dietary patterns and markers of cardiometabolic health in Australian adults. METHODS: Dietary data, using two 24-h dietary recalls, were collected from adults in the cross-sectional Australian Health Survey 2011-2013 (n = 2121; 46...
February 12, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433274/the-effects-of-microfluidization-on-rheological-and-textural-properties-of-gluten-free-corn-breads
#15
Oguz Kaan Ozturk, Behic Mert
This study presents the potential of microfluidization as a value adding process to corn gluten meal (CGM), which is often used as animal feed and is underutilized in food industry. In this study, we aimed to improve water holding ability of corn gluten and to investigate possibility of using this zein-rich byproduct as the main ingredient in gluten-free bread formulations. For this reason, microfluidization as a milling process for CGM, and its effects on rheological and textural properties of gluten-free bread formulations were investigated...
March 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430678/zebularine-treatment-is-associated-with-deletion-of-ft-b1-leading-to-an-increase-in-spikelet-number-in-bread-wheat
#16
E Jean Finnegan, Brett Ford, Xiaomei Wallace, Filomena Pettolino, Patrick T Griffin, Robert J Schmitz, Peng Zhang, Jose M Barrero, Matthew J Hayden, Scott A Boden, Colin A Cavanagh, Steve M Swain, Ben Trevaskis
The number of rachis nodes (spikelets) on a wheat spike is a component of grain yield that correlates with flowering time. The genetic basis regulating flowering in cereals is well understood, but there are reports that flowering time can be modified at high frequency by selective breeding, suggesting that it may be regulated by both epigenetic and genetic mechanisms. We investigated the role of DNA methylation in regulating spikelet number and flowering time by treating a semi-spring wheat with the demethylating agent, Zebularine...
February 10, 2018: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430373/understanding-the-molecular-basis-of-differential-grain-protein-accumulation-in-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l-through-expression-profiling-of-transcription-factors-related-to-seed-nutrients-storage
#17
Alok Kumar, Jai Prakash Jaiswal, Netrapal Sharma, Supriya Gupta, Anil Kumar
Increasing nutritional value of cereals is one of the important research and breeding objectives to overcome malnutrition in developing countries. The synthesis of grain seed proteins during grain filling is controlled by several mechanisms including transcriptional and posttranscriptional modifications. In the current investigation, transcript abundance analysis of three allelic variants of seed storage protein activator (Spa A, Spa B and Spa D) and NAM-B1 affecting seed nutrient concentration was carried out in two genotypes (UP 2672 and HS 540) of bread wheat differing in grain protein content...
February 2018: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430298/macronutrient-manipulations-of-cheese-resulted-in-lower-energy-content-without-compromising-its-satiating-capacity
#18
Thea Toft Hansen, Anders Sjödin, Christian Ritz, Simon Bonnet, Sanne Kellebjerg Korndal
Manipulation of food's macronutrient composition in order to reduce energy content without compromising satiating capacity may be helpful in body weight control. For cheeses, substituting fat with protein may provide such opportunity. We aimed at examining the acute effect of cheeses with different macronutrient compositions on accumulated energy intake and subjective appetite sensation. A total of thirty-nine normal-weight (average BMI 24·4 kg/m2) men and women completed the partly double-blind, randomised crossover study with high-protein/low-fat (HP/LF, 696 kJ), high-protein/high-fat (HP/HF, 976 kJ) and low-protein/high-fat (LP/HF, 771 kJ) cheeses...
2018: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428828/participation-in-the-child-and-adult-care-food-program-is-associated-with-healthier-nutrition-environments-at-family-child-care-homes-in-mississippi
#19
Temitope Erinosho, Amber Vaughn, Derek Hales, Stephanie Mazzucca, Ziya Gizlice, Dianne Ward
OBJECTIVE: Describe foods and beverages offered, nutrition practices, and nutrition policies of family child care homes in Mississippi and differences by participation in the Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study conducted between fall, 2015 and spring, 2016. SETTING: Mississippi. PARTICIPANTS: Random, stratified sample of 134 family child care homes that enroll 3- to 5-year-olds. Providers completed a modified version of the Environment and Policy Assessment and Observation-self-report tool...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428786/the-associations-of-dietary-patterns-with-all-cause-mortality-and-other-lifestyle-factors-in-the-elderly-an-age-specific-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Wenjing Zhao, Shigekazu Ukawa, Emiko Okada, Kenji Wakai, Takashi Kawamura, Masahiko Ando, Akiko Tamakoshi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The association between dietary pattern and mortality has been well studied in the general population; however, few studies have focused on the elderly. We aimed to examine the association of dietary pattern with subsequent overall mortality in elderly Japanese, and demonstrate the modifiable effect of lifestyle factors on this association. METHODS: Totally 2949 Japanese community-dwelling residents aged 64 or 65 years were included in the NISSIN Project in 1996-2005...
February 7, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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