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Lee Ling Lim, Alexander Tong Boon Tan, Kevin Moses, Viraj Rajadhyaksha, Siew Pheng Chan
The burden of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in East Asia is alarming. Rapid modernization and urbanization have led to major lifestyle changes and a tremendous increase in the prevalence of obesity, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes mellitus. The development of T2DM at a younger age, with lower body mass index, higher visceral adiposity, and more significant pancreatic beta-cell dysfunction compared to Caucasians are factors responsible for the increased prevalence of T2DM in East Asians. Sodium-glucose Cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors (canagliflozin, dapaglifozin, empagliflozin, etc...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
M Manova, E Petkova, S Yordanova, V Petkova, G Petrova
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2014: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Merlin C Thomas
Diabetes mellitus was originally conceived as a renal disorder. In the last decade, however, there has been renewed interest in role of the kidney in the development and maintenance of high glucose levels. This has led to the development of novel agents to inhibit sodium glucose transporter-2 (SGLT2) as a means to better control glucose levels and at the same time augment calorie wasting and lower insulin, blood pressure and uric acid levels. Such actions, indirectly, may also have benefits for the prevention of diabetic complications including renal disease...
June 2014: Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism
Marvin M Goldenberg
Dapaglifozin (Farxiga) for improved glycemic control in type-2 diabetes, and trametinib (Mekinist) in combination with dabrafenib (Tafinlar) for the treatment of advanced, unresectable melanoma.
March 2014: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
Olga González Albarrán, F Javier Ampudia-Blasco
Dapagliflozin is the first novel sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitor approved by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. By inhibiting SGLT2, dapagliflozin blocks reabsorption of filtered glucose in the kidney, increasing urinary glucose excretion and reducing blood glucose levels. Its mechanism of action is independent of pancreatic β cell function and modulation of insulin sensitivity. The results of phase III clinical trials showed that dapagliflozin, at a dose of 5 or 10mg/day for 24 weeks as monotherapy in previously untreated patients, or as add-on combination therapy with metformin, glimepiride, pioglitazone or insulin-based therapy, significantly reduced both HbA1c and fasting plasma glucose levels compared with placebo...
September 2013: Medicina Clínica
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