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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878092/equine-fetal-adrenal-gonadal-and-placental-steroidogenesis
#1
Erin L Legacki, Barry A Ball, C Jo Corbin, Shavahn C Loux, Kirsten E Scoggin, Scott D Stanley, Alan J Conley
Equine fetuses have substantial circulating pregnenolone concentrations and thus have been postulated to provide significant substrate for placental 5α-reduced pregnane production, but the fetal site of pregnenolone synthesis remains unclear. The current studies investigated steroid concentrations in blood, adrenal glands, gonads and placenta from fetuses (4, 6, 9 and 10 months of gestational age (GA)), as well as tissue steroidogenic enzyme transcript levels. Pregnenolone and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) were the most abundant steroids in fetal blood, pregnenolone was consistently higher but decreased progressively with GA...
October 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863887/development-of-monoclonal-antibodies-against-the-human-3%C3%AE-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase-isomerase-isozymes
#2
Celso E Gomez-Sanchez, Mark Lewis, Kazutaka Nanba, William E Rainey, Maniselvan Kuppusamy, Elise P Gomez-Sanchez
The human 3 β -hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/isomerase (HSD3B) enzymes catalyze the conversion of 3 β -hydroxy 5-6 steroids into 3-keto 4-5 steroids, which is required for the synthesis of the mature steroid hormones secreted by the adrenal and gonads. The human has 2 isozymes, the HSD3B1 that is traditionally located in placenta and extra-adrenal tissues and the HSD3B2 that is expressed in the adrenal and gonads. Mice with both cryptochrome 1 and 2 genes deletion were recently found to have salt-sensitive hypertension and hyperaldosteronism...
August 29, 2017: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860760/copper-nanoparticle-induced-ovarian-injury-follicular-atresia-apoptosis-and-gene-expression-alterations-in-female-rats
#3
Jing Yang, Shifu Hu, Meng Rao, Lixia Hu, Hui Lei, Yanqing Wu, Yingying Wang, Dandan Ke, Wei Xia, Chang-Hong Zhu
Numerous studies have reported the accumulation of copper nanoparticles (Cu NPs) in organs and the corresponding damage, although whether Cu NPs can be translocated to the ovaries and their ovarian toxicity are still unknown. In this study, three groups of female rats were injected with 3.12, 6.25, or 12.5 mg/kg Cu NPs for 14 consecutive days. The pathological changes, hormone levels, apoptosis and apoptotic proteins, oxidative stress, and gene expression characteristics in the ovaries were then investigated...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822901/morphological-and-molecular-differences-in-corpus-luteum-of-pregnant-sows-from-divergent-genetic-groups
#4
Karine A Costa, Walmir da Silva, Renata Veroneze, José C Montes, Lucas L Verardo, Margareth E Botelho, Márcio S Duarte, Mariana M Neves, Paulo S Lopes, José D Guimarães, Susana A Teixeira, Laene Alcantara, Simone E F Guimarães
Comprehending mechanisms controlling corpus luteum (CL) angiogenesis and apoptosis in pregnant sows is essential to understand the physiological role of these processes in CL function, progesterone production and consequently in conceptus development and prenatal mortality. CL from 54 sows from two genetic groups, a commercial line (COM) and the local Piau breed (LPB), were obtained for gene expression (n = 3 COM; n = 6 LPB), histological and protein analysis (n = 3 COM; n = 3 LPB), divided in six gestational ages (seven, 15, 30, 45, 60 and 90 days)...
July 29, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744792/expression-of-3%C3%AE-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase-type-1-in-breast-cancer-is-associated-with-poor-prognosis-independent-of-estrogen-receptor-status
#5
Yuan-Ching Chang, Chi-Kuan Chen, Ming-Jen Chen, Jiunn-Chang Lin, Chi-Hsin Lin, Wen-Chien Huang, Shih-Ping Cheng, Shan-Na Chen, Chien-Liang Liu
BACKGROUND: Human 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (HSD3B1) plays a vital role in steroidogenesis in breast tumors and may therefore be a suitable target for treatment of breast cancer. This study investigated the role of HSD3B1 in the pathogenesis of breast cancer in clinical and experimental settings. METHODS: Expression of HSD3B1 in primary tumors of 258 breast cancer patients was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. Screening of breast cancer cell lines indicated that triple-negative MDA-MB-231 cells expressed HSD3B1...
July 25, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740105/a-brief-exposure-to-cadmium-impairs-leydig-cell-regeneration-in-the-adult-rat-testis
#6
Xiaolong Wu, Xiaoling Guo, Huang Wang, Songyi Zhou, Lili Li, Xiaomin Chen, Guimin Wang, Jianpeng Liu, Hong-Shan Ge, Ren-Shan Ge
Cadmium is an endocrine disruptor, impairing male reproduction. The objective of this study is to investigate whether cadmium affects rat Leydig cell regeneration and to dissect the underlying mechanism. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats received a single intraperitoneal injection (i.p.) of 0, 0.5 or 1.0 mg/kg of cadmium chloride, followed by ethane dimethane sulfonate (EDS) treatment to eliminate adult Leydig cells 20 days later. Compared to control (0 dose), cadmium treatment reduced serum testosterone levels by days 21, 35, and 56 after EDS treatment...
July 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710293/probing-gata-factor-function-in-mouse-leydig-cells-via-testicular-injection-of-adenoviral-vectors
#7
Gervette M Penny, Rebecca B Cochran, Marjut Pihlajoki, Antti Kyrönlahti, Anja Schrade, Merja Häkkinen, Jorma Toppari, Markku Heikinheimo, David B Wilson
Testicular Leydig cells produce androgens essential for proper male reproductive development and fertility. Here, we describe a new Leydig cell ablation model based on Cre/Lox recombination of mouse Gata4 and Gata6, two genes implicated in the transcriptional regulation of steroidogenesis. The testicular interstitium of adult Gata4(flox/flox) ; Gata6(flox/flox) mice was injected with adenoviral vectors encoding Cre + GFP (Ad-Cre-IRES-GFP) or GFP alone (Ad-GFP). The vectors efficiently and selectively transduced Leydig cells, as evidenced by GFP reporter expression...
October 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655875/proximal-gata-binding-sites-are-essential-for-human-hsd3b1-gene-transcription-in-the-placenta
#8
Tsai-Chun Lai, Hsiao-Fang Li, Yu-Shian Li, Pei-Yu Hung, Ming-Kwang Shyu, Meng-Chun Hu
The enzyme 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/isomerase (3β-HSD) is involved in the synthesis of active steroid hormones. Two human 3β-HSD isoforms are expressed in a tissue-specific pattern. HSD3B1 (type I) expression is essential to produce progesterone for pregnancy maintenance. To understand the mechanisms of human HSD3B1 activation in the placenta, 2.2 kb of 5'-flanking sequence and 5'-deletions were fused to the luciferase reporter gene and transfected into human JEG-3 cells. The proximal -238/+337 sequence had the highest promoter activity...
June 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637041/the-effects-of-fungicides-on-human-3%C3%AE-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase-1-and-aromatase-in-human-placental-cell-line-jeg-3
#9
Shuyan Cao, Leping Ye, Ying Wu, Baiping Mao, Lanlan Chen, Xiudi Wang, Ping Huang, Ying Su, Ren-Shan Ge
Placenta secretes a large amount of progesterone and estradiol, which are critical for maintaining pregnancy. In human placenta, 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 1 (HSD3B1) catalyzes pregnenolone to form progesterone, and aromatase (CYP19A1) catalyzes testosterone into estradiol. Fungicides display antifungal activities and are widely used to prevent fungal infections in agricultural plants. These chemicals include azoles, such as tebuconazole (TEB), triadimefon (TRI), and vinclozolin (VCZ) or organotins, such as tributyltin (TBT) and tetrabutyltin (TTBT)...
2017: Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528174/prenatal-exposure-to-di-n-butyl-phthalate-disrupts-the-development-of-adult-leydig-cells-in-male-rats-during-puberty
#10
Xiaomin Chen, Linxi Li, Huitao Li, Hongguo Guan, Yaoyao Dong, Xiaoheng Li, Qiufan Wang, Qingquan Lian, Guoxin Hu, Ren-Shan Ge
Fetal exposure to di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) causes the adult disease such as lower testosterone production and infertility. However, the mechanism is still unknown. The objective of the present study is to determine how DBP affects the involution of fetal Leydig cells during the neonatal period and how this event causes the delayed development of the adult Leydig cells during puberty. The pregnant Sprague Dawley dams were randomly divided into 3 groups and were gavaged with 0 (corn oil, the vehicle control), 100 or 500mg/kg DBP from gestational day 12 (G12) to G21...
July 1, 2017: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521442/mrna-expression-of-steroidogenic-enzymes-steroid-hormone-receptors-and-their-coregulators-in-gastric-cancer
#11
Bartosz Adam Frycz, Dawid Murawa, Maciej Borejsza-Wysocki, Mateusz Wichtowski, Arkadiusz Spychała, Ryszard Marciniak, Paweł Murawa, Michał Drews, Paweł Piotr Jagodziński
Epidemiological and experimental findings suggest that the development of gastric cancer (GC) is regulated by steroid hormones. In postmenopausal women and older men, the majority of steroid hormones are produced locally in peripheral tissue through the enzymatic conversion of steroid precursors. Therefore, using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis, the mRNA expression of genes encoding steroidogenic enzymes, including steroid sulfatase (STS), hydroxy-delta-5-steroid dehydrogenase 3 beta- and steroid delta-isomerase 1 (HSD3B1), 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 7 and aromatase (CYP19A1), was investigated in primary tumoral and adjacent healthy gastric mucosa from 60 patients with GC...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432091/suppressive-effects-of-tnf%C3%AE-il6-and-macrophages-on-thecal-androgen-production
#12
Moafaq S Samir, Claire Glister, Dareen Mattar, Mhairi Laird, Philip G Knight
Pro-inflammatory cytokines secreted by macrophages and other cell-types are implicated as intra-ovarian factors affecting different aspects of ovarian function including follicle and corpus luteum 'turnover', steroidogenesis and angiogenesis. Here, we compared granulosal (GC) and thecal (TC) expression of TNF, IL6 and their receptors (TNFR1, TNFRSF1B, IL6R) during bovine antral follicle development; all five mRNA transcripts were detected in both GC and TC and statistically significant cell-type and follicle stage-related differences were evident...
April 21, 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391539/interactions-between-dietary-acrylamide-intake-and-genes-for-ovarian-cancer-risk
#13
Janneke G F Hogervorst, Piet A van den Brandt, Roger W L Godschalk, Frederik-Jan van Schooten, Leo J Schouten
Some epidemiological studies observed a positive association between dietary acrylamide intake and ovarian cancer risk but the causality needs to be substantiated. By analyzing gene-acrylamide interactions for ovarian cancer risk for the first time, we aimed to contribute to this. The prospective Netherlands Cohort Study on diet and cancer includes 62,573 women, aged 55-69 years. At baseline in 1986, a random subcohort of 2589 women was sampled from the total cohort for a case cohort analysis approach. Dietary acrylamide intake of subcohort members and ovarian cancer cases (n = 252, based on 20...
May 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333263/loss-of-luteotropic-prostaglandin-e-plays-an-important-role-in-the-regulation-of-luteolysis-in-women
#14
Junko Nio-Kobayashi, Masataka Kudo, Noriaki Sakuragi, Toshihiko Iwanaga, W Colin Duncan
STUDY QUESTION: Do intraluteal prostaglandins (PG) contribute to luteal regulation in women? SUMMARY ANSWER: Prostaglandin E (PGE), which is produced in human granulosa-lutein cells stimulated with luteotropic hCG, exerts similar luteotropic effects to hCG, and the expression of PG synthetic and metabolic enzymes in the human CL is driven toward less PGE but more prostaglandin F (PGF) during luteolysis. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Uterine PGF is a major luteolysin in many non-primate species but not in women...
May 1, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261840/feeding-hydroalcoholic-extract-powder-of-lepidium-meyenii-maca-enhances-testicular-gene-expression-of-3%C3%AE-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase-in-rats
#15
Y Ohta, N Kawate, T Inaba, H Morii, K Takahashi, H Tamada
Although feeding diets containing the extract powder of Lepidium meyenii (maca), a plant growing in Peru's Central Andes, increases serum testosterone concentration associated with enhanced ability of testosterone production by Leydig cells in male rats, changes in testicular steroidogenesis-related factors by the maca treatment are not known. This study examined the effects of maca on testicular gene expressions for luteinizing hormone receptor, steroidogenic acute regulatory protein and steroidogenic enzymes...
March 6, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208175/independent-validation-of-effect-of-hsd3b1-genotype-on-response-to-androgen-deprivation-therapy-in-prostate-cancer
#16
Neeraj Agarwal, Andrew W Hahn, David M Gill, James M Farnham, Austin I Poole, Lisa Cannon-Albright
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027903/seasonal-changes-and-sexual-dimorphism-in-gene-expression-of-star-protein-steroidogenic-enzymes-and-sex-hormone-receptors-in-the-frog-brain
#17
Alessandra Santillo, Sara Falvo, Maria Maddalena Di Fiore, Gabriella Chieffi Baccari
The brain of amphibians contains all the key enzymes of steroidogenesis and has a high steroidogenic activity. In seasonally-breeding amphibian species brain steroid levels fluctuate synchronously with the reproductive cycle. Here we report a study of gene expression of StAR protein, key steroidogenic enzymes and sex hormone receptors in the telencephalon (T) and diencephalon-mesencephalon (D-M) of male and female reproductive and post-reproductive Pelophylax esculentus, a seasonally breeding anuran amphibian...
May 15, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979506/re-hsd3b1-and-resistance-to-androgen-deprivation-therapy-in-prostate-cancer-a-retrospective-multicohort-study
#18
Samir S Taneja
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893427/cholesterol-import-and-steroidogenesis-are-biosignatures-for-gastric-cancer-patient-survival
#19
Wei-Chun Chang, Shang-Fen Huang, Yang-Ming Lee, Hsueh-Chou Lai, Bi-Hua Cheng, Wei-Chung Cheng, Jason Yen-Ping Ho, Long-Bin Jeng, Wen-Lung Ma
Androgens, estrogens, progesterone and related signals are reported to be involved in the pathology of gastric cancer. However, varied conclusions exist based on serum hormone levels, receptor expressions, and in vitro or in vivo studies. This report used a web-based gene survival analyzer to evaluate biochemical processes, including cholesterol importing via lipoprotein/receptors (L/R route), steroidogenic enzymes, and steroid receptors, in gastric cancer patients prognosis. The sex hormone receptors (androgen receptor, progesterone receptor, and estrogen receptor ESR1 or ESR2), L/R route (low/high-density lipoprotein receptors, LDLR/LRP6/SR-B1 and lipoprotein lipase, LPL) and steroidogenic enzymes (CYP11A1, HSD3B1, CYP17, HSD17B1, HSD3B1, CYP19A1 and SRD5A1) were associated with 5-year survival of gastric cancer patients...
January 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813053/elevated-steroid-hormone-production-in-the-db-db-mouse-model-of-obesity-and-type-2-diabetes
#20
Anja Hofmann, Mirko Peitzsch, Coy Brunssen, Jennifer Mittag, Annett Jannasch, Annika Frenzel, Nicholas Brown, Steven M Weldon, Graeme Eisenhofer, Stefan R Bornstein, Henning Morawietz
Obesity and type 2 diabetes have become a major public health problem worldwide. Steroid hormone dysfunction appears to be linked to development of obesity and type 2 diabetes and correction of steroid abnormalities may offer new approaches to therapy. We therefore analyzed plasma steroids in 15-16 week old obese and diabetic db/db mice using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Lean db/+ served as controls. Db/db mice developed obesity, hyperglycemia, hyperleptinemia, and hyperlipidemia. Hepatic triglyceride storage was increased and adiponectin and pancreatic insulin were lowered...
January 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
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