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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775820/adoption-of-farm-management-systems-for-cross-compliance-an-empirical-case-in-germany
#1
Ulrike Knuth, T S Amjath-Babu, Andrea Knierim
In Germany, Farm Management Systems (FMS) have been introduced as a support to farmers' compliance with environmental and other regulations, aiming at the increase of farm level performance and sustainable farming practices. Different kinds of FMS were developed and promulgated with various approaches, determined by each federal state's agricultural advisory system. Knowledge on the FMS' uptake and effectiveness has been lacking so far. The overall aim of this paper is to provide an analysis of the implementation process and selected outcomes of the policy-driven instrumental innovation of FMS...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773950/could-autism-be-associated-with-nutritional-status-in-the-palestinian-population-the-outcomes-of-the-palestinian-micronutrient-survey
#2
Mohammad Altamimi
Background: Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder. It is believed that the cause of autism is multifactorial, where genetic predispositions interact with environmental factors. In this context, micronutrients play a crucial role. Objective: To present evidence on current micronutrient status in Palestine and highlight its possible role in increasing problems of neurodevelopment disorders in general and autism in particular. Method: Analytical review of results...
2018: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772451/a-15-years-survey-for-dental-malpractice-claims-in-rome-italy
#3
R Manca, V Bruti, S Napoletano, E Marinelli
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, dental malpractice claims seems to have increased dramatically worldwide without a clear explanation. The aim of our work is to shed more light on this phenomenon to better understand its magnitude and trend, and to point out possible critical factors that, if changed, can mitigate it. MATERIAL AND METHOD: 458 cases of dental malpractice sentenced by the civil court of Rome, Italy, from 2001 to 2015, were collected. Useful information was extracted, reported in a grid and statistically analyzed...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772015/the-influence-of-spatial-and-temporal-discontinuities-of-forest-habitats-on-the-current-presence-of-flightless-saproxylic-beetles
#4
Eugénie Cateau, Pierre-Alexis Herrault, David Sheeren, Sylvie Ladet, Hervé Brustel
Flightless saproxylic beetles were selected in order to study the impact of temporal and spatial discontinuity of forests. They were chosen because: (1) they are unable to fly, making them dispersal-limited species, (2) they have a saproxylic diet, which means they are closely linked to the forest, and (3), they have rarely been studied. Forest temporal continuity was expected to be the main factor explaining the presence of these species, modulated by the past and present amount of forest in the surrounding landscape...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771795/the-effect-of-peer-support-on-colorectal-cancer-patients-adherence-to-guideline-concordant-multidisciplinary-care
#5
Arielle E Kanters, Arden M Morris, Paul H Abrahamse, Lona Mody, Pasithorn A Suwanabol
BACKGROUND: Multidisciplinary care is critical for the successful treatment of stage III colorectal cancer, yet receipt of adjuvant chemotherapy remains unacceptably low. Peer support, or exposure to others treated for colorectal cancer, has been proposed as a means to improve patient acceptance of cancer care. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to evaluate the effect of peer support on the attitudes of patients with colorectal cancer toward chemotherapy and their adherence to it...
May 15, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770874/electronic-voting-to-improve-morbidity-and-mortality-conferences
#6
Joel Zindel, Reto M Kaderli, Manuel O Jakob, Michel Dosch, Franziska Tschan, Daniel Candinas, Guido Beldi
BACKGROUND: It is of major importance in clinical surgery to identify potential patterns and specific causes of complications. Therefore, morbidity and mortality meetings (M&M) are widely used to discuss and evaluate deviations from expected outcomes in order to improve surgical practice. Moreover, M&M represent an important tool for continuous medical education. In this study, we introduced an electronic voting system to assess whether anonymity during M&M could limit potential biases due to hierarchical structures or opinion leaders...
May 16, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770344/is-delayed-weightbearing-after-matrix-associated-autologous-chondrocyte-implantation-in-the-knee-associated-with-better-outcomes-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
REVIEW
Matthew J Kraeutler, John W Belk, Trevor J Carver, Eric C McCarty
Background: Proper rehabilitation after matrix-associated autologous chondrocyte implantation (MACI) is essential to restore a patient's normal function without overloading the repair site. Purpose: To evaluate the current literature to assess clinical outcomes of MACI in the knee based on postoperative rehabilitation protocols, namely, the time to return to full weightbearing (WB). Study Design: Systematic review; Level of evidence, 1. Methods: A systematic review was performed to locate studies of level 1 evidence comparing the outcomes of patients who underwent MACI with a 6-week, 8-week, or 10/11-week time period to return to full WB...
May 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768416/poverty-dynamics-poverty-thresholds-and-mortality-an-age-stage-markovian-model
#8
Shayna Fae Bernstein, David Rehkopf, Shripad Tuljapurkar, Carol C Horvitz
Recent studies have examined the risk of poverty throughout the life course, but few have considered how transitioning in and out of poverty shape the dynamic heterogeneity and mortality disparities of a cohort at each age. Here we use state-by-age modeling to capture individual heterogeneity in crossing one of three different poverty thresholds (defined as 1×, 2× or 3× the "official" poverty threshold) at each age. We examine age-specific state structure, the remaining life expectancy, its variance, and cohort simulations for those above and below each threshold...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767220/patients-perceptions-of-bedside-rounding
#9
Allen F Shih, Nana O Addo-Tabiri, Andre N Sofair
OBJECTIVES: Concerns regarding lack of privacy, poor patient understanding, and physician discomfort have led to a decline in rounding at the bedside. Our project explored patient perceptions of the implementation and value of bedside rounding. METHODS: This mixed-methods study used semi-structured qualitative interviews and a five-item Likert survey, which included questions about patients' experiences with rounds, their comfort level with the rounding process, and their understanding of care after rounds...
May 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764641/student-preparation-time-for-traditional-lecture-versus-team-based-learning-in-a-pharmacotherapy-course
#10
Beth DeJongh, Nicia Lemoine, Elizabeth Buckley, Laura Traynor
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Determine how much time students spent preparing for traditional lecture versus team-based learning (TBL) for a pharmacotherapy course and determine if time spent in each pedagogy was within stated expectations for the course. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Instructors used a combination of traditional lecture and TBL to deliver material. Before each lecture, instructors recorded the amount of time students spent preparing for each method using a one-question clicker-response survey...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763841/nursing-and-midwifery-students-perceptions-of-spirituality-spiritual-care-and-spiritual-care-competency-a-prospective-longitudinal-correlational-european-study
#11
Linda Ross, Wilfred McSherry, Tove Giske, René van Leeuwen, Annemiek Schep-Akkerman, Tiburtius Koslander, Jenny Hall, Vibeke Østergaard Steenfeldt, Paul Jarvis
BACKGROUND: Nurses and midwives care for people at some of the most vulnerable moments of their lives, so it is essential that they have the skills to give care which is compassionate, dignified, holistic and person-centred. Holistic care includes spiritual care which is concerned with helping people whose beliefs, values and sense of meaning, purpose and connection is challenged by birth, illness or death. Spiritual care is expected of nurses/midwives but they feel least prepared for this part of their role...
May 9, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763767/to-deliver-or-not-to-deliver-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-eating-disorders-replication-and-extension-of-our-understanding-of-why-therapists-fail-to-do-what-they-should-do
#12
Sandra Mulkens, Chloé de Vos, Anastacia de Graaff, Glenn Waller
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the extent to which therapists fail to apply empirically supported treatments in a sample of clinicians in The Netherlands, delivering cognitive behavioral therapy for eating disorders (CBT-ED). It aimed to replicate previous findings, and to extend them by examining other potential intra-individual factors associated with the level of (non-)use of core CBT-ED techniques. METHOD: Participants were 139 clinicians (127 women; mean age 41...
May 4, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762271/economic-value-of-greater-access-to-bariatric-procedures-for-patients-with-severe-obesity-and-diabetes
#13
David D Kim, David E Arterburn, Sean D Sullivan, Anirban Basu
OBJECTIVE: Designing optimal insurance is important to ensure access to care for individuals that are most likely to benefit. We examined the potential impact of lowering patient cost-sharing for bariatric procedures. METHODS: After defining 10 subgroups by body mass index (BMI) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), we analyzed the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey datasets to estimate the prevalence of each subgroup. The MarketScan claims database provided utilization rates and costs of bariatric procedures...
May 12, 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761723/knowledge-and-attitudes-regarding-hpv-and-vaccination-among-chinese-women-aged-20-to-35-years-in-fujian-province-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Lihua Chen, Yiyi Song, Guanyu Ruan, Qiaoyu Zhang, Fen Lin, Jun Zhang, Ting Wu, Jian An, Binhua Dong, Pengming Sun
The use of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine was recently approved in Mainland China. This study determined the knowledge and attitudes of young women aged 20 to 35 years in Fujian Province, China, with regard to HPV and vaccination and explored the potential factors influencing their attitudes toward HPV vaccination. This was a cross-sectional study that collected data regarding the knowledge on and attitudes toward HPV and vaccination using questionnaires. Furthermore, the prevalence of HPV was determined from the sampled participants...
January 2018: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759063/discontinuation-of-the-pace-plus-trial-problems-in-patient-recruitment-in-general-practice
#15
M Schreijenberg, P A J Luijsterburg, Y D M Van Trier, D Rizopoulos, M A Koopmanschap, L Voogt, C G Maher, B W Koes
BACKGROUND: The PACE Plus trial was a multi-center, double-blinded, superiority randomized controlled trial (RCT) conducted in patients from Dutch general practice to investigate the efficacy of paracetamol and NSAIDs in acute non-specific low back pain (LBP). Because insufficient numbers of patients could be recruited (only four out of the required 800 patients could be recruited over a period of 6 months), the trial was prematurely terminated in February 2017, 6 months after the start of recruitment...
May 14, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758883/challenges-in-coupling-lter-with-environmental-assessments-an-insight-from-potential-and-reality-of-the-chinese-ecological-research-network-in-servicing-environment-assessments
#16
Shaoxia Xia, Yu Liu, Xiubo Yu, Bojie Fu
Environmental assessments estimate, evaluate and predict the consequences of natural processes and human activities on the environment. Long-term ecosystem observation and research networks (LTERs) are potentially valuable infrastructure to support environmental assessments. However, very few environmental assessments have successfully incorporated them. In this study, we try to reveal the current status of coupling LTERs with environmental assessments and look at the challenges involved in improving this coupling through exploring the role that Chinese Ecological Research Network (CERN), the LTER of China, currently plays in regional environment assessments...
August 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757882/american-association-of-nurse-practitioners-national-nurse-practitioner-sample-survey-update-on-acute-care-nurse-practitioner-practice
#17
Ruth Kleinpell, Michelle L Cook, Diane L Padden
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Data from national surveys on the practice of nurse practitioners (NPs) provides valuable information on aspects of practice, demographic characteristics of providers and patients, plans for continued employment, and role satisfaction. The American Association of Nurse Practitioners (AANP) has been conducting the AANP Sample Survey since 1988. METHODS: The most recent AANP Sample Survey was conducted in 2016 with a random stratified survey of 40,000 NPs...
March 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757444/physical-activity-sedentary-time-and-associated-factors-in-recipients-of-solid-organ-transplantation
#18
Edwin J van Adrichem, Rienk Dekker, Wim P Krijnen, Erik A M Verschuuren, Pieter U Dijkstra, Cees P van der Schans
Background: Short-term survival after solid-organ transplantation has substantially improved, and the focus has shifted to long-term survival, including the role of physical activity (PA). Knowledge about PA and sedentary time in recipients of solid-organ transplantation is limited, and identification of the levels and associated factors is necessary for intervention development. Objective: The objectives of this study were to investigate the level of PA and sedentary time in recipients of solid-organ transplantation and to identify factors associated with these behaviors...
May 10, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756560/sexual-coercion-perpetration-and-victimization-gender-similarities-and-differences-in-adolescence
#19
Andrés A Fernández-Fuertes, Rodrigo J Carcedo, Begoña Orgaz, Antonio Fuertes
Sexual coercion is a worldwide health problem that endangers the well-being of those involved. In the same line of the most recent and comprehensive studies, this study sought to investigate the extent of sexual coercion, both perpetration and victimization, among male and female adolescents. Moreover, it jointly analyzed the predictive power of different variables that have been considered as useful to design preventive programs. For this purpose, a cross-sectional study, using proportional stratified cluster sampling, was performed and 1,242 Spanish adolescents (15-19 years old) were surveyed...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756556/mapping-the-scope-of-occupational-therapy-practice-in-palliative-care-a-european-association-for-palliative-care-cross-sectional-survey
#20
Gail Eva, Deidre Morgan
BACKGROUND: Occupational therapists play an integral role in the care of people with life-limiting illnesses. However, little is known about the scope of occupational therapy service provision in palliative care across Europe and factors influencing service delivery. AIM: This study aimed to map the scope of occupational therapy palliative care interventions across Europe and to explore occupational therapists' perceptions of opportunities and challenges when delivering and developing palliative care services...
May 2018: Palliative Medicine
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