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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150392/improvement-in-quality-of-life-after-bariatric-surgery-sleeve-versus-bypass
#1
Dirk P A Versteegden, Magaly J J Van Himbeeck, Simon W Nienhuijs
BACKGROUND: Obesity is steadily growing to be the largest threat to human health in this century, not only increasing prevalence of obesity-related co-morbidity but also impairing health-related quality of life (QoL). Bariatric surgery has shown to improve co-morbidity as well as QoL. OBJECTIVES: To assess the differences in improvement in QoL for the 2 most performed procedures: laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB)...
October 16, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149898/detection-of-plasmodium-falciparum-male-and-female-gametocytes-and-determination-of-parasite-sex-ratio-in-human-endemic-populations-by-novel-cheap-and-robust-rtqpcr-assays
#2
Federica Santolamazza, Pamela Avellino, Giulia Siciliano, Franck Adama Yao, Fabrizio Lombardo, Jean Bosco Ouédraogo, David Modiano, Pietro Alano, Valentina Dianora Mangano
BACKGROUND: The presence of Plasmodium falciparum gametocytes in peripheral blood is essential for human to mosquito parasite transmission. The detection of submicroscopic infections with gametocytes and the estimation of the gametocyte sex ratio are crucial to assess the human host potential ability to infect mosquitoes and transmit malaria parasites. AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work was to develop sensitive and cheap Real Time qPCR assays for large-scale epidemiological surveys, based on detection and amplification of gametocyte sex specific transcripts selected from the literature: the female-specific pfs25 and pf glycerol kinase (pfGK) and the male-specific pfs230p and pf13 transcripts...
November 17, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149882/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-the-introduction-of-s-1-therapy-for-first-line-metastatic-breast-cancer-treatment-in-japan-results-from-the-randomized-phase-iii-select-bc-trial
#3
Takeru Shiroiwa, Takashi Fukuda, Kojiro Shimozuma, Mitsuko Mouri, Yasuhiro Hagiwara, Takuya Kawahara, Shozo Ohsumi, Yasuo Hozumi, Yoshiaki Sagara, Yasuo Ohashi, Hirofumi Mukai
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the cost-effectiveness of replacing standard intravenous therapy (taxane) with oral S-1 therapy for first-line metastatic breast cancer treatment. METHODS: This cost-effectiveness analysis was based on data from a randomized phase III trial (SELECT BC). As cost-effectiveness was a secondary endpoint of the SELECT BC trial, some of the randomized patients participated in an EQ-5D survey (N = 391) and health economic survey (N = 146)...
November 17, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149091/social-environment-and-hospitalisation-after-release-from-prison-a-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Alexander D Love, Stuart A Kinner, Jesse T Young
This study examined the association between remoteness and area disadvantage, and the rate of subsequent hospitalisation, in a cohort of adults released from prisons in Queensland. A baseline survey of 1267 adult prisoners within 6 weeks of expected release was prospectively linked with hospital, mortality and reincarceration records. Postcodes were used to assign remoteness and area disadvantage categories. Multivariate Andersen-Gill regression models were fitted to test for associations between remoteness, area disadvantage and hospitalisation after release from prison...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148929/web-based-alcohol-intervention-in-first-year-college-students-efficacy-of-full-program-administration-prior-to-second-semester
#5
Rebecca J Gilbertson, Tina R Norton, Susan H Beery, Kassandra R Lee
BACKGROUND: Commercially available, web-based interventions for the prevention of alcohol use are being adopted for universal use with first-year college students, yet few have received empirical evaluation. OBJECTIVES: This randomized controlled trial investigated the effectiveness of a novel, commercially available, personalized web-based alcohol intervention, Alcohol-Wise (version 4.0, 3(rd) Millennium Classrooms), on multiple measures of alcohol consumption, alcohol consequences, alcohol expectancies, academic achievement, and adaptation to college in first-year students...
November 17, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148907/impact-of-patients-expressed-wishes-on-their-surrogate-decision-makers-preferred-decision-making-roles-in-japan
#6
Shuji Tsuda, Mieko Nakamura, Shigeru Aoki, Hiroshi Ono, Mitsuru Takagi, Hiroki Ohashi, Junichiro Miyachi, Yoshinori Matsui, Toshiyuki Ojima
BACKGROUND: Home medical care (HMC) patients and their families are expected to prepare for end-of-life decision making. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the decision readiness of HMC patients and their family surrogates. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING/SUBJECTS: We collected data from dyads, consisting of a HMC patient aged 65 years or older and a family member of the patient, recruited at four Japanese primary care clinics from January 2016 to November 2016...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147978/predictors-of-client-satisfaction-with-outpatient-mental-health-clinic-services-in-italy-and-new-york
#7
Luca Pauselli, Chiara Galletti, Norma Verdolini, Enrico Paolini, Daniela Gallucci, Pierfrancesco Maria Balducci, Francesco Bernardini, Jerome H Kogan, Ruth Shim, Patrizia Moretti, Michael T Compton
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess factors associated with client satisfaction in two mental health outpatient settings in Italy and the US. Sociodemographic and clinical variables, hope, and personality characteristics were evaluated in 18-65-year-old patients who had been receiving services for at least 2 months in one of two outpatient clinics, in Italy and the US. Patients were administered: the Healthy Days Core Module, the Kessler Screening Scale for Psychological Distress, the Verona Service Satisfaction Survey, the Client Satisfaction Inventory, the Health Service OutPatient Experience questionnaire, the Herth Hope Index, and the NEO Five-Factor Inventory-3...
November 17, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147932/girls-and-boys-just-want-to-have-fun-a-mixed-methods-examination-of-the-role-of-gender-in-youth-mentoring-relationship-duration-and-quality
#8
Renée Spencer, Alison L Drew, Jill Walsh, Stella S Kanchewa
This prospective, mixed-methods study examined the role of gender in youth mentoring relationship duration and quality. Participants were 67 gender-matched pairs of adult mentors and youth participating in community-based mentoring programs as well as the youths' guardians. Mentors and youth completed surveys and qualitative interviews at multiple time points. At baseline, male youth reported stronger relationships with their guardians. Analysis of the survey data from the 3-month follow-up revealed that male mentors and youth reported stronger mentoring relationship quality...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146653/identifying-bioethical-issues-in-biostatistical-consulting-findings-from-a-us-national-pilot-survey-of-biostatisticians
#9
Min Qi Wang, Alice F Yan, Ralph V Katz
OBJECTIVES: The overall purposes of this first US national pilot study were to (1) test the feasibility of online administration of the Bioethical Issues in Biostatistical Consulting (BIBC) Questionnaire to a random sample of American Statistical Association (ASA) members; (2) determine the prevalence and relative severity of a broad array of bioethical violations requests that are presented to biostatisticians by investigators seeking biostatistical consultations; and (3) establish the sample size needed for a full-size phase II study...
November 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146652/dynamic-treatment-selection-and-modification-for-personalised-blood-pressure-therapy-using-a-markov-decision-process-model-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#10
Sung Eun Choi, Margaret L Brandeau, Sanjay Basu
OBJECTIVE: Personalised medicine seeks to select and modify treatments based on individual patient characteristics and preferences. We sought to develop an automated strategy to select and modify blood pressure treatments, incorporating the likelihood that patients with different characteristics would benefit from different types of medications and dosages and the potential severity and impact of different side effects among patients with different characteristics. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We developed a Markov decision process (MDP) model to incorporate meta-analytic data and estimate the optimal treatment for maximising discounted lifetime quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) based on individual patient characteristics, incorporating medication adjustment choices when a patient incurs side effects...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146565/development-and-usability-testing-of-a-computer-tailored-decision-support-tool-for-lung-cancer-screening-study-protocol
#11
Lisa Carter-Harris, Robert Skipworth Comer, Anurag Goyal, Emilee Christine Vode, Nasser Hanna, DuyKhanh Ceppa, Susan M Rawl
BACKGROUND: Awareness of lung cancer screening remains low in the screening-eligible population, and when patients visit their clinician never having heard of lung cancer screening, engaging in shared decision making to arrive at an informed decision can be a challenge. Therefore, methods to effectively support both patients and clinicians to engage in these important discussions are essential. To facilitate shared decision making about lung cancer screening, effective methods to prepare patients to have these important discussions with their clinician are needed...
November 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145557/comparative-analysis-of-the-growth-pattern-of-thyroid-cancer-in-young-patients-screened-by-ultrasonography-in-japan-after-a-nuclear-accident-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#12
Sanae Midorikawa, Akira Ohtsuru, Michio Murakami, Hideto Takahashi, Satoru Suzuki, Takashi Matsuzuka, Hiroki Shimura, Tetsuya Ohira, Shin-Ichi Suzuki, Seiji Yasumura, Shunichi Yamashita, Hitoshi Ohto, Koichi Tanigawa, Kenji Kamiya
Importance: Thyroid cancer generally grows at a very slow rate in adults, and overdiagnosis is a global issue. However, the detection of early-stage thyroid cancer by screening is not well described in young patients. To prevent overdiagnosis, it is essential to understand the natural course of thyroid cancer growth detection by ultrasonography screening in young patients. Objective: To evaluate the natural progression of thyroid cancer in young patients. Design, Setting, and Participants: An observational study evaluated changes in the diameter of malignant or suspected malignant thyroid tumors on 2 occasions...
November 16, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145438/factors-associated-with-patients-satisfaction-in-brazilian-dental-primary-health-care
#13
Muath Abdullah Aldosari, Mary Angela Tavares, Antônio Thomaz Gonzaga Matta-Machado, Mauro Henrique Nogueira Guimarães Abreu
OBJECTIVE: To assess factors associated with patients' satisfaction with the treatment by dentists in primary health care (PHC) in Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The dataset was part of a nationwide cross-sectional survey for evaluating PHC teams conducted by the Brazilian Ministry of Health. Patients from each of 16,202 oral health teams were interviewed. In addition to sociodemographic information, the questionnaire included information about patient experience domains: access and booking of dental appointments, bonding and accountability, welcoming of the patient, and their perception of dental facilities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144847/explaining-the-sexuality-gap-in-protest-participation
#14
Eric Swank
This study investigated the relationship between sexual orientations and the protest actions of adults in the United States. Drawing from General Social Survey data from 1996 to 2004, we found that lesbians, gays, and bisexuals were more than twice as likely to protest as heterosexuals. To account for this sexuality gap, we used Patrick Egan's (2008) political distinctiveness theories to identify possible underlying causes of these protesting differences. After running several regressions, we found that sexuality and protesting relationships were moderated by issues of educational attainment, marital statuses, metropolitan residencies, political partisanships, governmental grievances, and gender role expectations...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142652/the-association-between-risk-factors-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-canada-a-cross-sectional-study-using-the-2014-canadian-community-health-survey
#15
Selma Osman, Chelsea Ziegler, Randie Gibson, Razi Mahmood, John Moraros
Background: The global prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is expected to increase and the disease is projected to be the third leading cause of death by the year 2020. The purpose of this study was to measure the prevalence and determine the risk factors for COPD in Canada. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study that uses data from a nationally generalizable survey, the Canadian Community Health Survey, 2014. There were 46,924 respondents aged 35 years or older...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142580/medical-education-journal-club-two-years-experience-at-king-saud-university
#16
Samina A Khan, Mona M Soliman
Objective: Medical Education Journal Club is an evidence-based approach to teach and learn critical appraisal techniques on available literature. This study evaluates the implementation and experience of two academic years of Journal club at Medical Education Department, King Saud University. Methods: We started JC in 2015 at medical education department, KSU. An invitation with a published paper and event poster were sent 2 weeks prior of the session to participants...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142372/mapping-the-characteristics-of-critical-care-facilities-assessment-distribution-and-level-of-critical-care-facilities-from-central-india
#17
Saurabh Saigal, Jai Prakash Sharma, Abhijit Pakhare, Santosh Bhaskar, Sanjay Dhanuka, Sanjay Kumar, Yogesh Sabde, Pradip Bhattacharya, Rajnish Joshi
Background: In low- and middle-income countries such as India, where health systems are weak, the number of available Critical Care Unit (Intensive Care Unit [ICU]) beds is expected to be low. There is no study from the Indian subcontinent that has reported the characteristics and distribution of existing ICUs. We performed this study to understand the characteristics and distribution of ICUs in Madhya Pradesh (MP) state of Central India. We also aimed to develop a consensus scoring system and internally validate it to define levels of care and to improve health system planning and to strengthen referral networks in the state...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142326/complex-organic-molecules-in-strongly-uv-irradiated-gas
#18
S Cuadrado, J R Goicoechea, J Cernicharo, A Fuente, J Pety, B Tercero
We investigate the presence of complex organic molecules (COMs) in strongly UV-irradiated interstellar molecular gas. We have carried out a complete millimetre (mm) line survey using the IRAM 30 m telescope towards the edge of the Orion Bar photodissociation region (PDR), close to the H2 dissociation front, a position irradiated by a very intense far-UV (FUV) radiation field. These observations have been complemented with 8.5″ resolution maps of the H2CO JKa,Kc = 51,5 → 41,4 and C(18)O J = 3 → 2 emission at 0...
July 2017: Astronomy and Astrophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141610/social-relations-and-healthcare-utilisation-among-middle-aged-and-older-people-study-protocol-for-an-implementation-and-register-based-study-in-denmark
#19
Anne Sophie Bech Mikkelsen, Rikke Lund, Maria Kristiansen
BACKGROUND: While previous research establishes an association between social relations, health and use of healthcare services among older people, how to implement this knowledge in real-life settings has received much less attention. This study will explore the relationship between social relations, health and use of healthcare services in a Danish mid-life population sample. In addition, the study will explore individual and contextual factors affecting the implementation of a group-based life story intervention aimed at establishing and strengthening social relations among older people at nursing homes in Denmark...
November 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141187/factors-associated-with-final-year-nursing-students-desire-to-work-in-the-primary-health-care-setting-findings-from-a-national-cross-sectional-survey
#20
Jacqueline G Bloomfield, Christina Aggar, Tamsin H T Thomas, Christopher J Gordon
BACKGROUND: Registered nurses are under-represented in the primary health care setting both internationally and in Australia, and this shortage is predicted to worsen. To address the increasingly complex healthcare needs of an ageing population, it is vital to develop and sustain a primary health care nursing workforce, yet attracting nurses is challenging. In Australia, registered nurses graduating from university typically commence their careers in hospital-based transition to professional practice programs...
October 23, 2017: Nurse Education Today
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