keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Expectations Survey

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817502/stroke-related-disease-comorbidity-and-secondary-stroke-prevention-practices-among-young-stroke-survivors
#1
Gayenell S Magwood, Brandi M White, Charles Ellis
BACKGROUND: Although ischemic stroke incidence has been in decline over the past 60 years, the same has not been observed among individuals younger than 55 years. Recent reports have shown a substantial increase in young stroke incidence, yet little is known about young stroke survivors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the disease comorbidity profile and secondary prevention practices in stroke survivors younger than 50 years. METHODS: This study used a retrospective data analysis of secondary stroke prevention practices among young stroke survivors using data from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816206/measurement-properties-of-the-chinese-weinstein-noise-sensitivity-scale
#2
Daniel Y T Fong, Naomi Takemura, Pui-Hing Chau, Sarah L Y Wan, Janet Y H Wong
CONTEXT: Noise sensitivity may mediate or moderate the influences of noise exposure on health, and it needs to be reliably evaluated. The 21-item Weinstein's noise sensitivity scale (WNSS) has been the most popular scale for assessing noise sensitivity, but it is not yet available in traditional Chinese. AIMS: This study aimed to conduct linguistic and psychometric performance of WNSS in Hong Kong (HK) Chinese. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A population-based telephone survey with 1-week follow-up...
July 2017: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816023/community-sensitization-and-decision-making-for-trial-participation-a-mixed-methods-study-from-the-gambia
#3
Susan Dierickx, Sarah O'Neill, Charlotte Gryseels, Edna Immaculate Anyango, Melanie Bannister-Tyrrell, Joseph Okebe, Julia Mwesigwa, Fatou Jaiteh, René Gerrets, Raffaella Ravinetto, Umberto D'Alessandro, Koen Peeters Grietens
BACKGROUND: Ensuring individual free and informed decision-making for research participation is challenging. It is thought that preliminarily informing communities through 'community sensitization' procedures may improve individual decision-making. This study set out to assess the relevance of community sensitization for individual decision-making in research participation in rural Gambia. METHODS: This anthropological mixed-methods study triangulated qualitative methods and quantitative survey methods in the context of an observational study and a clinical trial on malaria carried out by the Medical Research Council Unit Gambia...
August 16, 2017: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815917/hiv-infected-patients-beliefs-about-their-chronic-co-treatments-in-comparison-with-their-combined-antiretroviral-therapy
#4
S Kamal, O Bugnon, M Cavassini, M P Schneider
OBJECTIVES: Thanks to the success of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), HIV-infected patients can have almost a normal life expectancy. This has resulted in an aging HIV-infected population with other chronic comorbidities such as cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, and depression. Our hypothesis is that patients' perceptions of and attitudes towards their cART, which is perceived as crucial to their survival, differ from their beliefs about their co-treatments, and this may have an impact on their medication adherence...
August 16, 2017: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815857/association-between-short-sleep-duration-and-body-mass-index-in-australian-indigenous-children
#5
Melissa Deacon-Crouch, Isabelle Skinner, Joseph Tucci, Timothy Skinner
AIM: Associations between short sleep duration and obesity and the relationship between obesity and chronic illness are well documented. Obese children are likely to become obese adults. To date, there is a paucity of information regarding sleep duration and quality for Indigenous Australian people. It may be that poor-quality, short sleep is contributing to the gap in health outcomes for Indigenous people compared with non-Indigenous adults and children. This study sought to investigate the possibility that poor sleep quality may be contributing to health outcomes for Indigenous children by exploring associations between sleep duration and body mass index (BMI)...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815825/the-prevalence-and-specific-characteristics-of-hospitalised-pressure-ulcer-patients-a-multicentre-cross-sectional-study
#6
Qing Zhou, Ting Yu, Yuan Liu, Ruifen Shi, Suping Tian, Chaoxia Yang, Huaxiu Gan, Yanying Zhu, Xia Liang, Ling Wang, Zhenhua Wu, Jinping Huang, Ailing Hu
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to ascertain the pressure ulcer prevalence in secondary and tertiary general hospitals in different areas of Guangdong Province in China and explore the possible risk factors that are related to pressure ulcers. BACKGROUND: Few multicentre studies have been conducted on pressure ulcer prevalence in Chinese hospitals. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design was used. METHODS: Data from a total of 25,264 patients were included in the analysis at 25 hospitals in China...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815784/nursing-care-for-stroke-patients-a-survey-of-current-practice-in-eleven-european-countries
#7
Zeliha Tulek, Ingrid Poulsen, Katrin Gillis, Ann-Cathrin Jönsson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To conduct a survey of the clinical nursing practice in European countries in accordance with the European Stroke Strategies (ESS) 2006, and to examine to what extent the ESS have been implemented in stroke care nursing in Europe. BACKGROUND: Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability globally. Optimal organisation of interdisciplinary stroke care is expected to ameliorate outcome after stroke. Consequently, universal access to stroke care based on evidence-based guidelines is a priority...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814540/autism-spectrum-disorder-in-fragile-x-syndrome-cooccurring-conditions-and-current-treatment
#8
Walter E Kaufmann, Sharon A Kidd, Howard F Andrews, Dejan B Budimirovic, Amy Esler, Barbara Haas-Givler, Tracy Stackhouse, Catharine Riley, Georgina Peacock, Stephanie L Sherman, W Ted Brown, Elizabeth Berry-Kravis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Individuals with fragile X syndrome (FXS) are frequently codiagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Most of our current knowledge about ASD in FXS comes from family surveys and small studies. The objective of this study was to examine the impact of the ASD diagnosis in a large clinic-based FXS population to better inform the care of people with FXS. METHODS: The study employed a data set populated by data from individuals with FXS seen at specialty clinics across the country...
June 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814534/clinician-attitudes-to-pain-and-use-of-analgesia-in-cattle-where-are-we-10-years-on
#9
John G Remnant, Alex Tremlett, Jon N Huxley, Chris D Hudson
Pain in cattle can arise though disease or injury or may result from veterinary or husbandry procedures. Controlling pain is important to safeguard animal welfare. Previous studies indicated that the use of analgesics in cattle has lagged behind use in companion animals. Over the last decade, more analgesic products have become available for use in cattle and there have been increased efforts to communicate the importance and benefits of analgesia. A questionnaire (based on that used in a similar study published in 2006) was sent to UK cattle practitioners asking them to score pain severity for several conditions of cattle and asking about their attitudes towards and use of analgesic medicines...
August 16, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813762/the-impact-of-a-rural-training-track-on-medical-students-specialty-choice
#10
Brooke Jensen, Susan M Anderson, Edward Simanton
BACKGROUND: Compare the expectations and outcomes of students involved in rural medical training versus those of urban trainees. METHODS: Survey items relating to primary care interest were added to program evaluation surveys already being sent at the beginning and end of the primary clinical year. Students from the graduating class of 2016 and the class of 2017 responded to the surveys (N=115). Responses from students trained in rural sites were compared with students trained in medium or large communities...
June 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813467/meat-consumption-reduction-in-italian-regions-health-co-benefits-and-decreases-in-ghg-emissions
#11
Sara Farchi, Manuela De Sario, Enrica Lapucci, Marina Davoli, Paola Michelozzi
INTRODUCTION: Animal agriculture has exponentially grown in recent decades in response to the rise in global demand for meat, even in countries like Italy that traditionally eat a Mediterranean, plant-based diet. Globalization related dietary changes are contributing to the epidemic of non-communicable diseases and to the global climate crisis, and are associated with huge carbon and water footprints. The objective of the study is to assess inequalities in health impacts and in attributable greenhouse gases-GHG emissions in Italy by hypothesizing different scenarios of reduction in red and processed meat consumption towards healthier consumption patterns more compliant with the recommendations of the Mediterranean food pyramid...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812935/motivations-for-learning-of-family-medicine-residents-trained-in-competency-based-education
#12
Oksana Babenko, Olga Szafran, Sudha Koppula, Lillian Au
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Family physicians regularly encounter clinical uncertainty and ambiguity and thus, are expected to engage in on-going learning to respond to changing needs of family practice. Using Achievement Goal Theory, the objective of this study was to examine motivations for learning of family medicine residents in a competency-based program. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study, employing a survey methodology with family medicine residents at the mid-point of training at a Canadian university...
August 16, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812834/cost-effectiveness-of-rural-incentive-packages-for-graduating-medical-students-in-lao-pdr
#13
Eric Keuffell, Wanda Jaskiewicz, Khampasong Theppanya, Kate Tulenko
BACKGROUND: The dearth of health workers in rural settings in Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR) and other developing countries limits healthcare access and outcomes. In evaluating non-wage financial incentive packages as a potential policy option to attract health workers to rural settings, understanding the expected costs and effects of the various programs ex ante can assist policy-makers in selecting the optimal incentive package. METHODS: We use discrete choice experiments (DCEs), costing analyses and recent empirical results linking health worker density and health outcomes to estimate the future location decisions of physicians and determine the cost-effectiveness of 15 voluntary incentives packages for new physicians in Lao PDR...
October 29, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811874/functional-roles-of-an-engineer-species-for-coastal-benthic-invertebrates-and-demersal-fish
#14
Aurélie Chaalali, Anik Brind'Amour, Stanislas F Dubois, Hervé Le Bris
Through their tissues or activities, engineer species create, modify, or maintain habitats and alter the distribution and abundance of many plants and animals. This study investigates key ecological functions performed by an engineer species that colonizes coastal ecosystems. The gregarious tubiculous amphipod Haploops nirae is used as a biological model. According to previous studies, the habitat engineered by H. nirae (i.e., Haploops habitat) could provide food and natural shelter for several benthic species such as benthic diatoms belonging to the gender Navicula, the micrograzer Geitodoris planata, or the bivalve Polititapes virgineus...
August 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810982/evaluation-of-the-validity-and-response-burden-of-patient-self-report-measures-of-the-pain-assessment-screening-tool-and-outcomes-registry-pastor
#15
Karon F Cook, Michael A Kallen, Chester Buckenmaier, Diane M Flynn, Steven R Hanling, Teresa S Collins, Kristin Joltes, Kyung Kwon, Sheila Medina-Torne, Parisa Nahavandi, Joshua Suen, Richard Gershon
BACKGROUND: In 2009, the Army Pain Management Task Force was chartered. On the basis of their findings, the Department of Defense recommended a comprehensive pain management strategy that included development of a standardized pain assessment system that would collect patient-reported outcomes data to inform the patient-provider clinical encounter. The result was the Pain Assessment Screening Tool and Outcomes Registry (PASTOR). The purpose of this study was to assess the validity and response burden of the patient-reported outcome measures in PASTOR...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810973/the-influence-of-combat-experience-on-psychologically-healthy-soldiers-attentiveness-to-environmental-threats
#16
Bethany Ranes, Chris P Long, Stephanie Traynham, Amanda Hayes
INTRODUCTION: In contrast to previous research that has primarily examined how psychological disorders (e.g., post-traumatic stress disorder [PTSD], anxiety) are affected by and affect individuals' threat perceptions, this study examines the relationship between combat experience and threat-monitoring in psychologically healthy Soldiers. Existing research has established how prolonged or intense experiences with war-related stressors can lead individuals to undergo an unconscious fear-conditioning process that affects the circuitry of the prefrontal cortex, hippocampus, amygdala, and anterior cingulate cortex regions of the brain...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810511/estimation-of-the-proximity-of-private-domestic-wells-to-underground-storage-tanks-oklahoma-pilot-study
#17
James W Weaver, Andrew R Murray, Fran V Kremer
For protecting drinking water supplies, the locations of areas with reliance on private domestic wells (hereafter referred to as "wells") and their relationship to contaminant sources need to be determined. A key resource in the U.S. was the 1990 Census where the source of domestic drinking water was a survey question. Two methods are developed to update estimates of the areal density of well use using readily accessible data. The first uses well logs reported to the states and the addition of housing units reported to the Census Bureau at the county, census tract and census block group scales...
August 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810160/differences-in-prevalence-socio-behavioral-correlates-and-psychosocial-distress-between-club-drug-and-hard-drug-use-in-taiwan-results-from-the-2014-national-survey-of-substance-use
#18
Wei J Chen, Shang-Chi Wu, Wen-Ing Tsay, Yen-Tyng Chen, Po-Chang Hsiao, Ya-Hui Yu, Te-Tien Ting, Chuan-Yu Chen, Yu-Kang Tu, Jiun-Hau Huang, Hao-Jan Yang, Chung-Yi Li, Carol Strong, Cheng-Fang Yen, Chia-Feng Yen, Jui Hsu
BACKGROUND: This study examined variation between users of 'club' and 'hard' drugs in Taiwan in terms of prevalence of use and demographics and psychosocial characteristics. METHODS: Data were derived from a survey of 17,837 Taiwanese civilians, aged 12-64 years, using stratified, multi-stage, random sampling. Participants completed a computer-assisted self-interview on tablet computers which covered use of legal substances, sedatives/hypnotics and prescription analgesics; use of illicit drugs/inhalants, risky sexual experiences; expectations of drugs; and psychological distress...
August 12, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809200/alarm-fatigue-vs-user-expectations-regarding-context-aware-alarm-handling-in-hospital-environments-using-callmesmart
#19
Terje Solvoll, Harald Arntsen, Gunnar Hartvigsen
Surveys and research show that mobile communication systems in hospital settings are old and cause frequent interruptions. In the quest to remedy this, an Android based communication system called CallMeSmart tries to encapsulate most of the frequent communication into one hand held device focusing on reducing interruptions and at the same time make the workday easier for healthcare workers. The objective of CallMeSmart is to use context-awareness techniques to automatically monitor the availability of physicians' and nurses', and use this information to prevent or route phone calls, text messages, pages and alarms that would otherwise compromise patient care...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808909/oxytocin-and-anxiety-disorders-translational-and-therapeutic-aspects
#20
REVIEW
Wadih Jean Naja, Michaelangelo Pietro Aoun
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to evaluate the most recent literature examining the oxytocin (OXT) system's role in human anxiety by surveying various fields of preclinical and clinical research supporting this role, and queries whether the OXT system might be a target for novel anxiolytics. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence from the diverse body of literature presented here, from translational research, genetic and neuroimaging studies, to clinical trials of intranasal (IN) OXT reveals a positive association...
August 15, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
keyword
keyword
118252
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"