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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636749/annual-direct-medical-costs-associated-with-diabetes-related-complications-in-the-event-year-and-in-subsequent-years-in-hong-kong
#1
F Jiao, C K H Wong, S C W Tang, C S C Fung, K C B Tan, S McGhee, R Gangwani, C L K Lam
AIM: To develop models to estimate the direct medical costs associated with diabetes-related complicationsin the event year and in subsequent years. METHODS: The public direct medical costs associated with 13 diabetes-related complications were estimated among a cohort of 128 353 people with diabetes over 5 years. Private direct medical costs were estimated from a cross-sectional survey among 1825 people with diabetes. We used panel data regression with fixed effects to investigate the impact of each complication on direct medical costs in the event year and subsequent years, adjusting for age and co-existing complications...
June 21, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636289/loss-of-idealism-or-realistic-optimism-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-dental-hygiene-students-and-registered-dental-hygienists-professional-identity-perceptions
#2
J M Champine, M R Inglehart, D Furgeson, J F Halaris, M Fitzgerald, T E Danciu, J S Kinney
OBJECTIVES: The dental hygiene profession in the U.S. is in the process of establishing a direct access model of care and contributing to the creation of the profession of a dental therapist. The objectives were to analyse the professional role perceptions of dental hygiene students and registered dental hygienists in these times of change. Specifically, it was explored whether dental hygiene students' current professional identities differ (i) from their expected future identities, and (ii) from dental hygienists' current and (iii) past identities...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634517/introduction-of-a-quality-improvement-curriculum-in-the-department-of-internal-medicine-lincoln-medical-center
#3
Usha Venugopal, Moiz Kasubhai, Vikram Paruchuri
Community hospitals with limited resources struggle to engage physicians in Quality improvement initiatives. We introduced Quality Improvement (QI) curriculum for residents in response to ACGME requirements and surveyed the residents understanding of QI and their involvement in QI projects before and after the introduction of the curriculum. The current article describes our experiences with the process, the challenges and possible solutions to have a successful resident led QI initiative in a community hospital...
January 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633992/eating-out-in-four-nordic-countries-national-patterns-and-social-stratification
#4
T B Lund, U Kjærnes, L Holm
Using a survey conducted in four Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden) in 2012, we investigated whether eating out in cafés and restaurants in these countries is best characterized as a workday pattern activity or a leisure activity; and, whether frequent eating at cafés and restaurants is related to socio-demographic factors and factors relevant to the organization of daily life. We found that eating out is not a fundamental part of everyday eating. It is something which takes place occasionally...
June 17, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633833/recent-advances-in-ultrasonic-treatment-challenges-and-field-applications-for-controlling-harmful-algal-blooms-habs
#5
REVIEW
Jungsu Park, Jared Church, Younggyu Son, Keug-Tae Kim, Woo Hyoung Lee
Algal blooms are a naturally occurring phenomenon which can occur in both freshwater and saltwater. However, due to excess nutrient loading in water bodies (e.g. agricultural runoff and industrial activities), harmful algal blooms (HABs) have become an increasing issue globally, and can even cause health effects in humans due to the release of cyanotoxins. Among currently available treatment methods, sonication has received increasing attention for algal control because of its low impact on ecosystems and the environment...
September 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633689/the-relationship-between-community-nutritionists-use-of-policy-systems-and-environmental-strategies-to-prevent-obesity-and-its-determinants-depends-on-networking
#6
Angela H Lu, Katherine L Dickin, Mark A Constas, Jamie S Dollahite
OBJECTIVE: To apply the Theory of Planned Behaviour to examine the relationship between the constructs of background factors and beliefs towards using policy, systems and environmental (PSE) strategies and reported use of PSE strategies to prevent obesity by a group of professional nutrition educators. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using self-reported survey. SETTING: Cooperative Extension in New York, USA. SUBJECTS: Nutrition educators (n 58); survey response rate 100 %...
June 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633322/the-detrimental-consequences-of-overestimating-future-health-in-late-life
#7
Jeremy M Hamm, Stefan T Kamin, Judith G Chipperfield, Raymond P Perry, Frieder R Lang
Objectives: Although forecasting a positive future can be adaptive, it may not be when expectations are unmet. Our study examined whether such inaccurate expectations about future health status (overestimation) were maladaptive for older adults who commonly experience late life declines in physical functioning. Method: We analyzed data from the nationally representative German Aging Survey (DEAS; 1996-2011; n = 2,539; age range 60-85 years) using multilevel growth models that assessed the influence of inaccurate health expectations on older adults' physical functioning over a 9-year period...
June 13, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633054/men-and-women-with-psychosis-and-the-impact-of-illness-duration-on-sex-differences-the-second-australian-national-survey-of-psychosis
#8
Mary-Claire Hanlon, Linda E Campbell, Natalie Single, Clare Coleman, Vera A Morgan, Susan M Cotton, Helen J Stain, David J Castle
We aimed to examine and compare sex-differences in people receiving treatment for psychotic illnesses in community settings, based on long or short duration of illness; expecting association between longer illness-duration and worse outcomes in women and men. Clinical, demographic and service-use data from the Survey of High Impact Psychosis were analysed by sex and duration of illness (≤5 years; ≥6 years), using independent t-tests, chi-square tests, one-way ANOVA, and Cramer's V. Of the 1825 participants, 47% had schizophrenia, 17...
June 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632645/management-of-symptomatic-lumbar-disk-herniation-an-international-perspective
#9
Pravesh S Gadjradj, Mark P Arts, Maurits W van Tulder, Wim J R Rietdijk, Wilco C Peul, Biswadjiet S Harhangi
STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire survey. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the current practice patterns of surgeons regarding both the surgical and nonsurgical management of lumbar disk herniation (LDH) worldwide and to compare this with the current literature. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Sciatica is a common diagnosis in the general population. Sciatica is most frequently caused by LDH. Multiple surgical techniques and treatment modalities are available to treat LDH, albeit some with small effect sizes or without compelling evidence...
June 19, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632425/factors-influencing-occupational-therapists-decision-to-supervise-fieldwork-students
#10
Joscelyn Varland, Elizabeth Cardell, Jeanette Koski, Molly McFadden
The purpose of this study was to identify factors that influence the decision to supervise a Level II occupational therapy fieldwork student. A survey was sent to occupational therapists identified from licensure boards and alumni rosters, including those who have and have not supervised students (n = 548). The results identified both positive and negative influences along with predictive factors of supervising a student. While positive factors included continuing education units, education on fieldwork expectations, their own fieldwork experiences, shared supervision, and access to educational resources, negative influences consisted of: job responsibilities, caseload, productivity standards, working part-time, and fear of failing a student...
June 20, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631904/-analysis-of-factors-affecting-the-compliance-with-medical-therapy-for-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#11
V A Malkhasyan, P I Rasner, A R Gevorkyan, I V Semenyakin, A V Tedeev, D Yu Pushkar
AIM: To investigate factors affecting the compliance of patients with the combination therapy for benign prostatic hyperplasia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four hundred BPH outpatients treated with combination therapy were surveyed. RESULTS: The absolute majority of patients (76.16%) expected a quick positive result. 10.47% viewed their disease as too advanced, did not believe in the effectiveness of medical therapy and believed the surgery to be the only treatment option...
June 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631234/quality-matters-implementation-moderates-student-outcomes-in-the-paths-curriculum
#12
Neil Humphrey, Alexandra Barlow, Ann Lendrum
Analyses of the relationship between levels of implementation and outcomes of school-based social and emotional learning (SEL) interventions are relatively infrequent and are typically narrowly focused. Thus, our objective was to assess the relationship between variability in a range of implementation dimensions and intervention outcomes in the Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies (PATHS) curriculum. Implementation of PATHS was examined in 69 classrooms across 23 schools in the first year of a major randomized controlled trial...
June 19, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631199/practical-interventions-to-enhance-resident-ownership-of-patient-care
#13
Thomas Soeprono, Jesse Markman, Michael Grodesky, Deborah Cowley
OBJECTIVE: In the modern training environment, some question whether trainees have the opportunity to develop ownership of patient care, which includes concepts such as advocacy, autonomy, commitment, communication, follow-through, knowledge about the patient, responsibility, and teamwork. Despite descriptions of what ownership is, there is little discussion of how to foster ownership during residency. The objective of this study was to solicit psychiatry resident and faculty perspectives on ways to enhance resident ownership in training...
June 19, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630104/evidence-for-adaptive-introgression-of-disease-resistance-genes-among-closely-related-arabidopsis-species
#14
Jesper Bechsgaard, Tove Hedegaard Jorgensen, Mikkel Heide Schierup
The generation and maintenance of functional variation in the pathogen defense system of plants is central to the constant evolutionary battle between hosts and parasites. If a species is susceptible to a given pathogen, hybridisation and subsequent introgression of a resistance allele from a related species can potentially be an important source of new immunity and is therefore expected to be selected for in a process referred to as adaptive introgression. Here we survey sequence variation in ten resistance (R) genes and compare with 37 reference genes in natural populations of the two closely related and interfertile species Arabidopsis lyrata and A...
June 19, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629828/factors-associated-with-the-decision-of-operative-procedure-for-proximal-femoral-bone-metastasis-questionnaire-survey-to-institutions-participating-the-bone-and-soft-tissue-tumor-study-group-of-the-japan-clinical-oncology-group
#15
Nobuhito Araki, Hirokazu Chuman, Tomoya Matsunobu, Kazuhiro Tanaka, Hirohisa Katagiri, Toshiyuki Kunisada, Toru Hiruma, Hiroaki Hiraga, Hideo Morioka, Hiroshi Hatano, Kunihiro Asanuma, Yoshihiro Nishida, Koji Hiraoka, Takeshi Okamoto, Satoshi Abe, Munenori Watanuki, Takeshi Morii, Hideshi Sugiura, Yukihiro Yoshida, Takatoshi Ohno, Hidetatsu Outani, Koichiro Yokoyama, Shoji Shimose, Haruhiko Fukuda, Yukihide Iwamoto
BACKGROUND: Pathological fracture of the proximal femur is a main cause of cancer patients losing their ability to walk. Although both osteosynthetic devices (predominantly intramedullary nails) and prosthetic replacement have been widely performed for treatment, controversies exist regarding which procedure should be used for the various conditions. In order to decide the eligibility criteria of a planned randomized prospective study about the treatment of pathological fractures of the proximal femur, we assessed the factors affecting the selection of operative procedures using questionnaires sent to the members of the Bone and Soft Tissue Tumor Study Group (BSTTSG) of the Japan Clinical Oncology Group (JCOG)...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627971/moving-on-factors-associated-with-caregivers-bereavement-adjustment-using-a-random-population-based-face-to-face-survey
#16
Emma Burns, Holly G Prigerson, Steve J Quinn, Amy P Abernethy, David C Currow
BACKGROUND: Providing care at end of life has consequences for caregivers' bereavement experience. 'Difficulty moving on with life' is an informative and unbiased symptom of prolonged grief disorder. Predictors of bereaved caregivers' ability to 'move on' have not been examined across the population. AIM: To identify the characteristics of bereaved hands-on caregivers who were, and were not, able to 'move on' 13-60 months after the 'expected' death of someone close...
June 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624995/how-does-it-feel-to-be-a-pathology-resident-results-of-a-survey-on-experiences-and-job-satisfaction-during-pathology-residency
#17
Burcin Pehlivanoglu, Hur Hassoy, Catarina Calle, Amelie Dendooven, ILKe Nalbantoglu, Lidiya Reshchikova, Gulen Gul, Basak Doganavsargil
Residents' career choices and professional motivation can be affected from perception of their role and recognition within a medical team as well as their educational and workplace experiences. To evaluate pathology trainees' perceptions of their pathology residency, we conducted a 42-item survey via a web-based link questioning respondents' personal and institutional background, workplace, training conditions, and job satisfaction level. For the 208 residents from different European countries who responded, personal expectations in terms of quality of life (53%) and scientific excitement (52%) were the most common reasons why they chose and enjoy pathology...
June 17, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622786/dairy-cow-disability-weights
#18
Craig S McConnel, Ashleigh A McNeil, Joleen C Hadrich, Jason E Lombard, Franklyn B Garry, Jane Heller
Over the past 175 years, data related to human disease and death have progressed to a summary measure of population health, the Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY). As dairies have intensified there has been no equivalent measure of the impact of disease on the productive life and well-being of animals. The development of a disease-adjusted metric requires a consistent set of disability weights that reflect the relative severity of important diseases. The objective of this study was to use an international survey of dairy authorities to derive disability weights for primary disease categories recorded on dairies...
August 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621995/two-and-three-dimensional-probes-of-parity-in-primordial-gravity-waves
#19
Kiyoshi Wesley Masui, Ue-Li Pen, Neil Turok
We show that three-dimensional information is critical to discerning the effects of parity violation in the primordial gravity-wave background. If present, helical gravity waves induce parity-violating correlations in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) between parity-odd polarization B modes and parity-even temperature anisotropies (T) or polarization E modes. Unfortunately, EB correlations are much weaker than would be naively expected, which we show is due to an approximate symmetry resulting from the two-dimensional nature of the CMB...
June 2, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621054/delivery-mode-and-breastfeeding-outcomes-among-new-mothers-in-nicaragua
#20
Sara N Kiani, Katherine M Rich, Darby Herkert, Cara Safon, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
Breastfeeding has been shown to benefit infants and mothers. Women who have caesarean deliveries (C-sections) are expected to be less likely to initiate and continue breastfeeding than those who have vaginal deliveries. Given the high rate of C-sections in Nicaragua, the importance of breastfeeding, and the centrality of culture in choices about breastfeeding, this study sought to examine if mode of delivery relates with breastfeeding initiation and exclusivity in Nicaragua. Two hundred fifty mothers were surveyed about birth experiences and breastfeeding behaviour in 3 public clinics in León, Nicaragua, between June and August 2015...
June 16, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
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