keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Patient expectation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141128/immune-enhancing-effect-of-nanometric-lactobacillus-plantarum-nf1-nlp-nf1-in-a-mouse-model-of-cyclophosphamide-induced-immunosuppression
#1
Dae-Woon Choi, Sun Young Jung, Jisu Kang, Young-Do Nam, Seong-Il Lim, Ki Tae Kim, Hee Soon Shin
Nanometric Lactobacillus plantarum nF1 (nLp-nF1) is a biogenics consisting of dead L. plantarum pre-treated with heat and a nanodispersion process. In this study, we investigated the immune-enhancing effects of nLp-nF1 in vivo and in vitro. To evaluate the immunostimulatory effects of nLp-nF1, mice immunosuppressed by cyclophosphamide (CPP) treatment were administered with nLp-nF1. As expected, CPP restricted the immune response of mice, whereas oral administration of nLp-nF1 significantly increased total IgG in serum, and cytokine production [interleukin-12 (IL-12) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α)] in bone marrow cells...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141017/temozolomide-post-pazopanib-treatment-failure-in-patients-with-advanced-sarcoma-a-case-series
#2
Manojkumar Bupathi, John L Hays, James L Chen
BACKGROUND: Sarcomas are rare, heterogeneous tumors for which prognosis remains dismal in patients with advanced disease. Pazopanib, a vascular endothelial growth factor receptor inhibitor, has shown modest efficacy in patients with soft tissue sarcoma who fail cytotoxic chemotherapy. The cytotoxic agent temozolomide has also demonstrated activity in patients with advanced sarcoma. OBJECTIVE: We performed a retrospective case series to evaluate the feasibility of adding temozolomide to pazopanib in advanced sarcoma patients following single-agent pazopanib failure...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140949/predictive-ability-and-interobserver-reliability-of-computed-tomography-findings-for-angioembolization-in-patients-with-pelvic-fracture
#3
Shunsuke Yoshikawa, Atsushi Shiraishi, Mitsuhiro Kishino, Makiko Honda, Nao Urushibata, Kosuke Sekiya, Tomohisa Shoko, Yasuhiro Otomo
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify computed tomography (CT) findings that predict the need for angioembolization in patients with pelvic fracture. METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study was performed between April 2006 and October 2015 at two urban emergency medical centers in Japan. The study included patients who underwent CT within 3 hours of arrival and were diagnosed with a pelvic fracture. The study outcome was undergoing angioembolization within 24 hours of arrival...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140878/clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma-metastatic-to-the-gynecologic-tract-a-clinicopathologic-analysis-of-17-cases
#4
Oluwole Fadare, Mohamed M Desouki, Katja Gwin, Krisztina Z Hanley, Elke A Jarboe, Sharon X Liang, Charles M Quick, Kojo R Rawish, Andres A Roma, Wenxin Zheng, Jonathan L Hecht, Vinita Parkash, Adeboye O Osunkoya
Clear cell renal cell carcinomas (CCRCC) rarely metastasizes to the gynecologic tract. In this study, we analyzed a multi-institutional data set to provide insights into the clinical, morphologic, and immunophenotypic features of this phenomenon. Seveteen metastatic CCRCC involving the gynecologic tract [ovary/fallopian tube (n=9), vulva (n=2), uterine corpus (n=3), cervix (n=2), uterine serosa (n=1)] were analyzed. Mean patient age was 62 yr (range: 45-79 yr). Most cases (15/17) presented as a recurrence 6 to 72 mo postnephrectomy, 1 case was concurrently diagnosed, and 1 case (a cervical metastasis) was diagnosed prenephrectomy...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140831/relative-efficacies-of-hboc-201-and-polyheme-to-increase-oxygen-transport-compared-to-blood-and-crystalloids-2017-military-supplement
#5
Gregory P Dubé, Arkadiy N Pitman, Colin F Mackenzie
BACKGROUND: Because total hemoglobin in circulation ([THb]) is an established predictor of clinical outcomes in anemic individuals, the relative efficacies of resuscitation fluids to increase [THb] can be used to design better hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier (HBOC) clinical trials. METHODS: Expected efficacies of HBOC-201 (13 g Hb/dL) and packed RBCs (pRBCs, 24 g Hb/dL) to increase [THb] were calculated and interpreted in the context of SAEs in the HEM-0115 phase III clinical trial...
November 14, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140757/new-insights-into-lymphoma-pathogenesis
#6
Kojo S J Elenitoba-Johnson, Megan S Lim
Lymphomas represent clonal proliferations of lymphocytes that are broadly classified based upon their maturity (peripheral or mature versus precursor) and lineage (B cell, T cell, and natural killer cell). Insights into the pathogenetic mechanisms involved in lymphoma impact the classification of lymphoma and have significant implications for the diagnosis and clinical management of patients. Serial scientific and technologic advances over the last 30 years in immunology, cytogenetics, molecular biology, gene expression profiling, mass spectrometry-based proteomics, and, more recently, next-generation sequencing have contributed to greatly enhance our understanding of the pathogenetic mechanisms in lymphoma...
November 15, 2017: Annual Review of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140738/do-outcomes-of-osteochondral-allograft-transplantation-differ-based-on-age-and-sex-a-comparative-matched-group-analysis
#7
Rachel M Frank, Eric J Cotter, Simon Lee, Sarah Poland, Brian J Cole
BACKGROUND: The effect of patient age or sex on outcomes after osteochondral allograft transplantation (OCA) has not been assessed. PURPOSE: To determine clinical outcomes for male and female patients aged ≥40 years undergoing OCA compared with a group of patients aged <40 years. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: A review of prospectively collected data of consecutive patients who underwent OCA by a single surgeon with a minimum follow-up of 2 years was conducted...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140658/killing-u-s-slowly-curing-the-epidemic-rise-of-cancer-drug-prices
#8
Emily K White
In August 2015, more than 110 U.S. oncologists published an article detailing the deleterious effects of rising cancer drugs prices and calling for numerous reforms to our prescription drug system. These prices are the result of decades of political maneuvering; they reflect the way our country has chosen to pay for healthcare, to foster and reward innovation, and to promote a national free market system. While these choices have resulted in immense profits for pharmaceutical companies—and subsidized the development of prescription drugs globally—they have also left many cancer patients unable to afford their medications...
2017: Food and Drug Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140557/withdrawn-pharmacological-cardioversion-for-atrial-fibrillation-and-flutter
#9
REVIEW
John Cordina, Gillian E Mead
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation is the commonest cardiac dysrhythmia. It is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. There are two approaches to the management of atrial fibrillation: controlling the ventricular rate or converting to sinus rhythm in the expectation that this would abolish its adverse effects. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of pharmacological cardioversion of atrial fibrillation in adults on the annual risk of stroke, peripheral embolism, and mortality...
November 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140162/eight-week-return-to-play-following-latarjet-shoulder-reconstruction-in-an-australian-football-player-a-case-report
#10
Myles Murphy, Marshall Stockden, Ken Withers, William Breidahl, Jonathon Charlesworth
INTRODUCTION: Anterior shoulder dislocations are a common injury in many sports resulting in extended time lost from play with an extremely high recurrence rate in young athletes playing high risk sport. Latarjet shoulder reconstruction is a common surgical procedure used to prevent subsequent dislocation with an expected rehabilitation timeframe of between four to six months before return to play. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 21-year-old male Australian football player experienced two left sided shoulder dislocations before undergoing a left Latarjet shoulder reconstruction...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140114/radiology-reporting-current-practices-and-an-introduction-to-patient-centered-opportunities-for-improvement
#11
Marina I Mityul, Brian Gilcrease-Garcia, Mark D Mangano, Jennifer L Demertzis, Andrew J Gunn
OBJECTIVE: As health care evolves, the radiology report must also change to satisfy referring physician and patient expectations. Knowledge of the issues and controversies regarding a patient-centered approach to reporting practices is important. This article will aid the radiologist in this endeavor by summarizing key facets of radiology reporting, including current reporting standards and emerging patient-centered concepts in report language, formatting, and delivery. CONCLUSION: Future efforts to improve radiology reporting practices need to account for the needs of an increasingly heterogeneous audience that includes patients...
November 15, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139627/understanding-and-meeting-your-legal-responsibilities-as-a-nurse
#12
Louise Terry, Graham Carr, Yvonne Halpin
Nurses, midwives and nursing students are legally responsible for their actions. This article discusses the legal standard of care required in relation to nursing and midwifery practice and nurses' professional standards and code of conduct. It examines how courts in the UK determine if nurses have met their duty of care and how nurses must ensure they maintain competence to provide safe care. It examines why organisational knowing - understanding the organisation in which one is employed; its people, values and how it works - is important for all nurses, regardless of their level in the organisation...
November 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139276/preventing-stroke-and-assessing-risk-in-women
#13
Tracey Keteepe-Arachi, Sanjay Sharma
Ischaemic stroke is rare in premenopausal women but risk increases with advancing age and doubles in the ten years following the menopause. Up to the age of 75 years men have a 25% higher risk of suffering a stroke compared with women. However, the increased life expectancy of women ultimately results in a higher overall incidence. Twice as many women die from stroke compare with breast cancer. Women with cerebrovascular disease are more likely to present with atypical symptoms than men. Altered mental status (including unresponsiveness, confusion and behavioural change) is the most common nonconventional symptom, and is reported by 23% of women compared with 15% of men...
March 2017: Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139055/downstream-breast-imaging-following-screening-mammography-in-medicare-patients-with-advanced-cancer-a-population-based-study
#14
Gelareh Sadigh, Richard Duszak, Kevin C Ward, Renjian Jiang, Jeffrey M Switchenko, Kimberly E Applegate, Ruth C Carlos
BACKGROUND: Screening tests are generally not recommended in patients with advanced cancer and limited life expectancy. Nonetheless, screening mammography still occurs and may lead to follow-up testing. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the frequency of downstream breast imaging following screening mammography in patients with advanced colorectal or lung cancer. DESIGN: Population-based study. PARTICIPANTS: The study included continuously enrolled female fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries ≥65 years of age with advanced colorectal (stage IV) or lung (stage IIIB-IV) cancer reported to a Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registry between 2000 and 2011...
November 14, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138974/medical-complications-and-mortality-in-octogenarians-undergoing-elective-spinal-fusion-surgeries
#15
Sharad Rajpal, E Lee Nelson, Alan T Villavicencio, Jayratna Telang, Roshan Kantha, Kara Beasley, Sigita Burneikiene
BACKGROUND: The consequences of suffering postoperative complications in elderly undergoing spinal surgeries may be different compared to younger patients. The primary objective of this study was to identify the types and frequency of medical complications and mortality rates in patients 80 years of age or older undergoing elective spinal fusion surgeries for degenerative spinal disease. METHODS: A prospective observational study with a retrospective chart review was performed, which included all consecutive patients ≥80 years old undergoing elective spinal fusion surgeries from May 2012 to August 2015...
November 14, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138631/sarc006-phase-ii-trial-of-chemotherapy-in-sporadic-and-neurofibromatosis-type-1-associated-chemotherapy-naive-malignant-peripheral-nerve-sheath-tumors
#16
Christine S Higham, Seth M Steinberg, Eva Dombi, Arie Perry, Lee J Helman, Scott M Schuetze, Joseph A Ludwig, Arthur Staddon, Mohammed M Milhem, Daniel Rushing, Robin L Jones, Michael Livingston, Stewart Goldman, Christopher Moertel, Lars Wagner, David Janhofer, Christina M Annunziata, Denise Reinke, Lauren Long, David Viskochil, Larry Baker, Brigitte C Widemann
Background: Worse chemotherapy response for neurofibromatosis type 1- (NF1-) associated compared to sporadic malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNST) has been reported. Methods: We evaluated the objective response (OR) rate of patients with AJCC Stage III/IV chemotherapy-naive NF1 MPNST versus sporadic MPNST after 4 cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, 2 cycles of ifosfamide/doxorubicin, and 2 cycles of ifosfamide/etoposide. A Simon optimal two-stage design was used (target response rate 40%)...
2017: Sarcoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138593/intrathecal-pain-management-a-team-based-approach
#17
REVIEW
Jeremy A Adler, Neona M Lotz
Objective: Physician assistants (PAs), nurse practitioners (NPs), and registered nurses (RNs) provide professional services on pain management teams. This review provides an overview of the practical management of chronic pain with intrathecal (IT) therapy using an interprofessional approach (eg, physicians and other health care professionals), with a focus on the contributions of PAs, NPs, and RNs. Methods: Narrative review based on literature searches of the Medline database and treatment guidelines on the use of IT therapy in the management of patients with chronic pain...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138533/comparison-of-visual-outcomes-after-bilateral-implantation-of-a-diffractive-trifocal-intraocular-lens-and-blended-implantation-of-an-extended-depth-of-focus-intraocular-lens-with-a-diffractive-bifocal-intraocular-lens
#18
André Lins de Medeiros, André Gustavo de Araújo Rolim, Antonio Francisco Pimenta Motta, Bruna Vieira Ventura, César Vilar, Mário Augusto Pereira Dias Chaves, Pedro Carlos Carricondo, Wilson Takashi Hida
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the visual outcomes and subjective visual quality between bilateral implantation of a diffractive trifocal intraocular lens, Alcon Acrysof IQ(®) PanOptix(®) TNFT00 (group A), and blended implantation of an extended depth of focus lens, J&J Tecnis Symfony(®) ZXR00 with a diffractive bifocal intraocular lens, J&J Vision Tecnis(®) ZMB00 (group B). Methods: This prospective, nonrandomized, consecutive, comparative study included the assessment of 40 eyes in 20 patients implanted with multifocal intraocular lens...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138367/-the-framework-of-the-amended-cancer-control-act
#19
Shinsuke Amano
The Cancer Control Act approved in 2006 was amended in December 2016 by the nonpartisan federation of the National Assembly, while meeting the requests from cancer patient groups. In the chapter on the basic ideas, it is said that cancer control needs to advance the development ofthe social environment that enables cancer patients to run a smooth social life and employment support for cancer patients and promotion of cancer education are newly stated. In the chapter on the basic measures, palliative care, rehabilitation, the research on rare cancer and intractable cancer, the treatment ofchildhood cancer patients and the improvement of educational environment for those patients, and the support for private organizations and cancer patient groups are newly stated...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138217/effectiveness-of-interprofessional-education-in-renal-physiology-curricula-for-health-sciences-graduate-students
#20
Lisa M Harrison-Bernard, Mihran V Naljayan, Jane M Eason, Donald E Mercante, Tina P Gunaldo
The primary purpose of conducting an interprofessional education (IPE) experience during the renal physiology block of a graduate-level course was to provide basic science, physical therapy, and physician assistant graduate students with an opportunity to work as a team in the diagnosis, treatment, and collaborative care of a patient with acute kidney injury. The secondary purpose was to enhance the understanding of basic renal physiology principles with a patient case presentation of renal pathophysiology...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
keyword
keyword
118250
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"