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Psychiatry guidelines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223951/heart-rate-variability-in-bipolar-disorder-and-borderline-personality-disorder-a-clinical-review
#1
REVIEW
Oliver Carr, Maarten de Vos, Kate E A Saunders
Heart rate variability (HRV) in psychiatric disorders has become an increasing area of interest in recent years following technological advances that enable non-invasive monitoring of autonomic nervous system regulation. However, the clinical interpretation of HRV features remain widely debated or unknown. Standardisation within studies of HRV in psychiatric disorders is poor, making it difficult to reproduce or build on previous work. Recently, a Guidelines for Reporting Articles on Psychiatry and Heart rate variability checklist has been proposed to address this issue...
December 9, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205757/enhancing-metabolic-monitoring-for-children-and-adolescents-using-second-generation-antipsychotics
#2
Mary Coughlin, Catherine L Goldie, Deborah Tregunno, Joan Tranmer, Marina Kanellos-Sutton, Sarosh Khalid-Khan
The prevalence of children and adolescents using second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) has increased significantly in recent years. In this population, SGAs are used to treat mood and behavioural disorders although considered 'off-label' or not approved for these indications. Metabolic monitoring is the systematic physical health assessment of antipsychotic users utilized to detect cardiovascular and endocrine side effects and prevent adverse events such as weight gain, hyperglycaemia, hyperlipidemia, and arrhythmias...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205739/the-use-of-psychiatry-focused-simulation-in-undergraduate-nursing-education-a-systematic-search-and-review
#3
REVIEW
Amanda D Vandyk, Michelle Lalonde, Sabrina Merali, Erica Wright, Irmajean Bajnok, Barbara Davies
Evidence on the use of simulation to teach psychiatry and mental health (including addiction) content is emerging, yet no summary of the implementation processes or associated outcomes exists. The aim of this study was to systematically search and review empirical literature on the use of psychiatry-focused simulation in undergraduate nursing education. Objectives were to (i) assess the methodological quality of existing evidence on the use of simulation to teach mental health content to undergraduate nursing students, (ii) describe the operationalization of the simulations, and (iii) summarize the associated quantitative and qualitative outcomes...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200549/ethics-in-psychiatric-research-issues-and-recommendations
#4
REVIEW
Shobhit Jain, Pooja Patnaik Kuppili, Raman Deep Pattanayak, Rajesh Sagar
Psychiatric research has increased remarkably over recent decades to help in understanding the current trends and better therapeutic options for illness. On the other hand, there is also a trend toward higher rates of retraction of published papers in the recent years. Ethics is required to maintain and increase the overall quality and morality of research. Psychiatric research faces several unique ethical challenges. Ethical guidelines are very important tool of research which safeguards participants; however, there is a dearth of such guidelines in India...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188347/-from-boxing-to-geriatric-psychiatry-facets-from-the-work-of-east-german-social-psychiatrist-bernhard-schwarz-1918-1991
#5
REVIEW
K Bart, H Steinberg
For the first time, this study presents publications representative for the work of the neurologist and sports physician Bernhard Schwarz, whose career spans from the 1950s to the 1970s. His work is characterized by exceptional originality. Schwarz acted as the physician of the GDR national boxing team and conducted a systematic long-term study of 800 boxers. He found increased occurrences of depression, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases and suggested that these were linked to recurring craniocerebral injury...
November 29, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133955/chemokines-in-depression-in-health-and-in-inflammatory-illness-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
S P Leighton, L Nerurkar, R Krishnadas, C Johnman, G J Graham, J Cavanagh
Inflammatory illness is associated with depression. Preclinical work has shown that chemokines are linked with peripheral-central crosstalk and may be important in mediating depressive behaviours. We sought to establish what evidence exists that differences in blood or cerebrospinal fluid chemokine concentration discriminate between individuals with depression and those without. Following PRISMA guidelines, we systematically searched Embase, PsycINFO and Medline databases. We included participants with physical illness for subgroup analysis, and excluded participants with comorbid psychiatric diagnoses...
November 14, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122225/-web-visit-patterns-for-the-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-management-of-depressive-disorder-and-alcohol-abuse-dependence
#7
Fernando Suárez-Obando, Carlos Gómez Restrepo
INTRODUCTION: Clinical practice guidelines (CPG) are a set of recommendations for professionals, patients, and families, in order to make decisions about health care. The CPG respond to the need for concise, accurate, practical, and up to date information. In the field of mental health, Colombia has developed three GPC; alcohol (GPC-OH), depression (GPC-TDA), and schizophrenia. OBJECTIVES: To describe the Web Portal traffic related to psychiatry guidelines, with emphasis on the number of visits, distribution throughout Colombian cities, and estimating user behaviour patterns...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117269/assessing-reporting-quality-of-randomized-controlled-trial-abstracts-in-psychiatry-adherence-to-consort-for-abstracts-a-systematic-review
#8
Seung Yeon Song, Boyeon Kim, Inhye Kim, Sungeun Kim, Minjeong Kwon, Changsu Han, Eunyoung Kim
BACKGROUND: Reporting quality of randomized controlled trial (RCT) abstracts is important as readers often make their first judgments based on the abstracts. This study aims to assess the reporting quality of psychiatry RCT abstracts published before and after the release of Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials for Abstracts (CONSORT-A) guidelines. METHODS: MEDLINE/PubMed search was conducted to identify psychiatric RCTs published during 2005-2007 (pre-CONSORT) and 2012-2014 (post-CONSORT)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112195/face-and-predictive-validity-of-the-clock%C3%AE-19-mouse-as-an-animal-model-for-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
M Kristensen, A A Nierenberg, S D Østergaard
Mice carrying the circadian locomotor output cycles Kaput delta 19 N-ethyl-N-nitrosoure (ENU) mutation (ClockΔ19) are used as an animal model for bipolar disorder (BD). We aimed to systematically review the face validity (phenotypical and pathophysiological resemblance with BD) and predictive validity (responsiveness to treatments used in BD) of this model in adherence with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guideline. We carried out a systematic search of the databases PubMed and Embase, combining search terms covering BD and ClockΔ19...
November 7, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112030/nurses-views-highlight-a-need-for-the-systematic-development-of-patient-safety-culture-in-forensic-psychiatry-nursing
#10
Anssi Kuosmanen, Jari Tiihonen, Eila Repo-Tiihonen, Markku Eronen, Hannele Turunen
BACKGROUND: Although forensic nurses work with the most challenging psychiatric patients and manifest a safety culture in their interactions with patients, there have been few studies on patient safety culture in forensic psychiatric nursing. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this qualitative study was to describe nurses' views of patient safety culture in their working unit and daily hospital work in 2 forensic hospitals in Finland. METHODS: Data were collected over a period of 1 month by inviting nurses to answer an open-ended question in an anonymous Web-based questionnaire...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110776/psychiatric-syndromes-other-than-dementia
#11
Karl Bechter, Florian Deisenhammer
There is wide variability in how psychiatry guidelines and textbooks address the question of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diagnostics in the screening of psychiatric disorders. A United States-based textbook confirms that there is no consensus about which laboratory investigation should be routinely performed in psychiatric patients, but with respect to CSF diagnostics, the differences are even more striking. A survey among European experts showed a wide variety of opinions regarding clinical use and criteria in various countries of Europe and worldwide: some psychiatrists, mostly university hospital-based, recommended performing CSF diagnostics in every patient first experiencing severe mental illness (SMI), but especially in patients from the schizophrenia spectrum, whereas others almost never perform CSF examinations themselves and usually refer patients to neurology departments if necessary...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098925/the-world-federation-of-societies-of-biological-psychiatry-wfsbp-guidelines-for-the-biological-treatment-of-bipolar-disorders-acute-and-long-term-treatment-of-mixed-states-in-bipolar-disorder
#12
Heinz Grunze, Eduard Vieta, Guy M Goodwin, Charles Bowden, Rasmus W Licht, Jean-Michel Azorin, Lakshmi Yatham, Sergey Mosolov, Hans-Jürgen Möller, Siegfried Kasper
OBJECTIVES: Although clinically highly relevant, the recognition and treatment of bipolar mixed states has played only an underpart in recent guidelines. This WFSBP guideline has been developed to supply a systematic overview of all scientific evidence pertaining to the acute and long-term treatment of bipolar mixed states in adults. METHODS: Material used for these guidelines is based on a systematic literature search using various data bases. Their scientific rigour was categorised into six levels of evidence (A-F), and different grades of recommendation to ensure practicability were assigned...
November 3, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052262/diversion-evaluations-a-specialized-forensic-examination
#13
Virginia Barber-Rioja, Merrill Rotter, Faith Schombs
Diversion programs screen justice-involved individuals for the presence of psychiatric disorders, and after negotiations take place with attorneys and treatment providers, these programs link participants with community-based treatment programs in lieu of incarceration. As the number of diversion programs, including mental health courts, continues to rapidly grow, so does the need for "diversion evaluations". Diversion evaluations are a type of forensic mental health assessment (FMHA) conducted to assist the courts in making decisions regarding diversion eligibility...
October 19, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986993/children-in-out-of-home-care-are-at-high-risk-of-somatic-dental-and-mental-ill-health
#14
L S Randsalu, L Laurell
AIM: The Swedish Social Board has implemented a support strategy to guide out-of-home care for children, which translates as children's needs in focus (CNIF) and includes a systematic health assessment. It was fully introduced into the Skåne province in 2012 and our study covered the first four years of the CNIF health assessments, from 2012 to 2015. METHODS: We studied children aged 0-17 years in out-of-home care who had been referred by social workers for a CNIF health assessment, using their medical records to investigate both their health and the value of the health assessments...
October 7, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983797/clinical-factors-associated-with-decision-to-recommend-methylphenidate-treatment-for-children-with-adhd-in-france
#15
Elodie Courtabessis, Florence Pupier, Laurie Surig, Marie-Christine Picot, Erika Nogué, Valérie Macioce, Elizabeth Stein, Diane Purper-Ouakil
European guidelines advise on best practices for the diagnosis and non-pharmacological and pharmacological treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study aimed to (1) assess whether clinician's decisions to initiate methylphenidate treatment in children diagnosed with ADHD are in accordance with European guidelines and (2) identify clinical factors associated with the decision to recommend methylphenidate prescription. 5 to 13-year-old patients with an ADHD diagnosis were consecutively evaluated in an outpatient child and adolescent psychiatry clinic in France...
October 5, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971725/transcranial-sonography-in-psychiatry-as-a-potential-tool-in-diagnosis-and-research
#16
Carsten Drepper, Julia Geißler, Giuseppe Pastura, Rezzak Yilmaz, Daniela Berg, Marcel Romanos, Manfred Gerlach
Objectives During the last two decades' transcranial sonography (TCS) of the brain parenchyma evolved from a pure research tool to a clinical relevant neuroimaging method especially in Parkinson's disease and related movement disorders. The aim of this systematic review is to update and summarize the published TCS findings in psychiatric disorders and critically address the question whether TCS may be a valuable tool for the diagnosis or differential diagnosis of psychiatric disorders similarly to the field of movement disorders...
October 3, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953833/study-on-the-use-of-antipsychotic-medication-in-an-intellectual-disability-id-community-caseload
#17
Madhusudan Deepak Thalitaya, Claire Reynolds, Imadeldin Ismail
BACKGROUND: People with intellectual disabilities (ID) are prescribed antipsychotic medications for different reasons; sometimes this is for a mental illness such as psychotic or affective symptoms, however antipsychotics are also used to improve behaviours that challenge, which are common in people with intellectual disabilities (ID) or autism or both. Antipsychotic medications can have many unwanted side effects and these should be monitored for. Guidelines also indicate that reductions in medication should be considered at psychiatry reviews and alternative interventions should be trialled...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953769/do-general-practitioners-follow-guidelines-on-the-use-of-antidepressants-to-treat-depression-can-the-situation-be-improved
#18
Shentong Wang, Katherine Alice Wilkinson, Mark Agius
Several papers have been written to show that General Practitioners do not always prescribe according to the guidelines despite the availability of guidelines regarding the dosage and length of treatment with antidepressants to treat a depressive episode. Here we review the evidence as to whether GPs follow antidepressant guidelines, covering the data between 1996 and the present day, and discuss the implications of this evidence. We then propose solutions which could be used to improve adherence to the guidelines...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922669/a-critical-commentary-on-the-2017-agnp-consensus-guidelines-for-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-in-neuropsychopharmacology
#19
Jose de Leon
In 2004, 2011, and 2017, the Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Neuropsychopharmakologie und Pharmakopsychiatrie (AGNP), a group of German-speaking psychiatric researchers and psychiatrists, published successive versions of therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) expert group consensus guidelines. The 2017 version has as a major strength its encyclopedic nature, including 1358 references. The guideline has 3 major sections: 1) theoretical aspects of TDM, 2) drug concentration levels in blood to guide neuropsychopharmacotherapy, and 3) practical aspects of TDM in psychiatry and neurology...
September 18, 2017: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922069/glutamatergic-agents-in-the-treatment-of-compulsivity-and-impulsivity-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#20
Konstantin Mechler, Alexander Häge, Nina Schweinfurth, Jeffrey C Glennon, Rick M Dijkhuizen, Declan Murphy, Sarah Durston, Steven Williams, Jan K Buitelaar, Tobias Banaschewski, Ralf W Dittmann, The Tactics Consortium
OBJECTIVE: Research has implicated glutamatergic projections between the various frontal subregions in the pathogenesis of compulsivity and impulsivity. Reducing striatal glutamate release, or antagonising the action of glutamate at its receptors, may therefore represent viable treatment strategies. Several glutamatergic agents with regulatory approval for other indications are available and may be of potential benefit in the treatment of compulsivity/impulsivity in psychiatric disorders in paediatric patients...
September 18, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
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