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Psychiatry guidelines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424757/survey-of-core-trainees-confidence-in-electroconvulsive-therapy
#1
Gillian Scott, David M Semple
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the survey was to assess confidence in electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in core psychiatry trainees across Scotland, looking at both theoretical and practical aspects of ECT. METHODS: A link to a 14-item electronic questionnaire was distributed to core trainees via deanery administrators. Most questions were based on the Royal College of Psychiatry's ECT guidelines. RESULTS: A total of 85 responses were analyzed from trainees at all 3 levels of core training and from all health boards across Scotland...
February 7, 2018: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423828/standardized-patients-in-clinical-psychology-and-psychotherapy-a-scoping-review-of-barriers-and-facilitators-for-implementation
#2
REVIEW
Franziska Kühne, Destina Sevde Ay, Mara Jasmin Otterbeck, Florian Weck
OBJECTIVES: The use of simulated and standardized patients (SP) is widely accepted in the medical field and, from there, is beginning to disseminate into clinical psychology and psychotherapy. The purpose of this study was therefore to systematically review barriers and facilitators that should be considered in the implementation of SP interventions specific to clinical psychology and psychotherapy. METHODS: Following current guidelines, a scoping review was conducted...
February 8, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405338/toward-valid-and-reliable-brain-imaging-results-in-eating-disorders
#3
Guido K W Frank, Angela Favaro, Rachel Marsh, Stefan Ehrlich, Elizabeth A Lawson
Human brain imaging can help improve our understanding of mechanisms underlying brain function and how they drive behavior in health and disease. Such knowledge may eventually help us to devise better treatments for psychiatric disorders. However, the brain imaging literature in psychiatry and especially eating disorders has been inconsistent, and studies are often difficult to replicate. The extent or severity of extremes of eating and state of illness, which are often associated with differences in, for instance hormonal status, comorbidity, and medication use, commonly differ between studies and likely add to variation across study results...
February 5, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403661/the-efpa-test-review-model-when-good-intentions-meet-a-methodological-thought-disorder
#4
Paul Barrett
The European Federation of Psychologists' Associations (EFPA) has issued sets of test standards and guidelines for psychometric test reviews without any attempt to address the critical content of many substantive publications by measurement experts such as Joel Michell. For example, he has argued that the psychometric test-theory which underpins classical and modern IRT psychometrics is "pathological", with the entire profession of psychometricians suffering from a methodological thought disorder. With the advent of new kinds of assessment now being created by the "Next Generation" of psychologists which no longer conform to the item-based, statistical test theory generated last century, a new framework is set out for constructing evidence-bases suitable for these "Next Generation" of assessments, which avoids the illusory beliefs of equal-interval or quantitatively structured psychological attributes...
January 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359282/-health-care-organization-the-new-german-s3-guideline-on-alcohol-related-disorders-and-its-relevance-for-health-care
#5
Arthur Günthner, Volker Weissinger, Heribert Fleischmann, Clemens Veltrup, Bettina Jäpel, Gerhard Längle, Klaus Amann, Eva Hoch, Karl Mann
BACKGROUND: Alcohol dependence is one of the most serious diseases of addiction in Germany. The new S3-guideline "Screening, Diagnostics and Treatment of Alcohol-Related Disorders" has been presented in 2015 and summarizes the present state of knowledge pertaining to the diagnosis and treatment of alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence. METHODS: This guideline was developed over four years within the framework of the Association of the Scientific Medical Societies in Germany (AWMF)...
January 22, 2018: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314463/prevalence-and-patterns-of-anti-epileptic-medication-prescribing-in-the-treatment-of-epilepsy-in-older-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities
#6
M O'Dwyer, J Peklar, N Mulryan, P McCallion, M McCarron, M C Henman
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of epilepsy is higher in people with intellectual disability (ID) and increases with the degree of ID. Although life expectancy for people with ID is increasing, people with ID coexisting with epilepsy have a higher mortality rate, particularly those who had recent seizures. There have been few observational studies of the prevalence and patterns of anti-epileptic prescribing among older people with ID and epilepsy. The aim of this study was to investigate prevalence and patterns of anti-epileptic prescribing in the treatment of epilepsy in a representative population of older people with ID and epilepsy...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289963/treatment-guidelines-for-circadian-rhythm-sleep-wake-disorders-of-the-polish-sleep-research-society-and-the-section-of-biological-psychiatry-of-the-polish-psychiatric-association-part-ii-diagnosis-and-treatment
#7
REVIEW
Adam Wichniak, Konrad S Jankowski, Michał Skalski, Krystyna Skwarło-Sońta, Jolanta B Zawilska, Marcin Żarowski, Ewa Poradowska, Wojciech Jernajczyk
AIM: Circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders (CRSWD) are a group of disorders, in which the timing of sleep and wakefulness significantly differs from a patient's expectations or socially acceptable times. The aimof the article is to present the current principles for the diagnosis and treatment of CRSWD in adults and children. METHOD: Guidelines proposed as CRSWD treatment standard are based on the recommendations from the scientific societies involved in the sleep research and medicine...
October 29, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289962/treatment-guidelines-for-circadian-rhythm-sleep-wake-disorders-of-the-polish-sleep-research-society-and-the-section-of-biological-psychiatry-of-the-polish-psychiatric-association-part-i-physiology-assessment-and-therapeutic-methods
#8
REVIEW
Adam Wichniak, Konrad S Jankowski, Michal Skalski, Krystyna Skwarło-Sońta, Jolanta B Zawilska, Marcin Żarowski, Ewa Poradowska, Wojciech Jernajczyk
Majority of the physiological processes in the human organism are rhythmic. The most common are the diurnal changes that repeat roughly every 24 hours, called circadian rhythms. Circadian rhythms disorders have negative influence on human functioning. The aim of this article is to present the current understanding of the circadian rhythms physiological role, with particular emphasis on the circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders (CRSWD), principles of their diagnosis and chronobiological therapy. The guidelines are based on the review of recommendations from the scientific societies involved in sleep medicine and the clinical experiences of the authors...
October 29, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223951/heart-rate-variability-in-bipolar-disorder-and-borderline-personality-disorder-a-clinical-review
#9
REVIEW
Oliver Carr, Maarten de Vos, Kate E A Saunders
Heart rate variability (HRV) in psychiatric disorders has become an increasing area of interest in recent years following technological advances that enable non-invasive monitoring of autonomic nervous system regulation. However, the clinical interpretation of HRV features remain widely debated or unknown. Standardisation within studies of HRV in psychiatric disorders is poor, making it difficult to reproduce or build on previous work. Recently, a Guidelines for Reporting Articles on Psychiatry and Heart rate variability checklist has been proposed to address this issue...
December 9, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205757/enhancing-metabolic-monitoring-for-children-and-adolescents-using-second-generation-antipsychotics
#10
Mary Coughlin, Catherine L Goldie, Deborah Tregunno, Joan Tranmer, Marina Kanellos-Sutton, Sarosh Khalid-Khan
The prevalence of children and adolescents using second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) has increased significantly in recent years. In this population, SGAs are used to treat mood and behavioural disorders although considered 'off-label' or not approved for these indications. Metabolic monitoring is the systematic physical health assessment of antipsychotic users utilized to detect cardiovascular and endocrine side effects and prevent adverse events such as weight gain, hyperglycaemia, hyperlipidemia, and arrhythmias...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205739/the-use-of-psychiatry-focused-simulation-in-undergraduate-nursing-education-a-systematic-search-and-review
#11
REVIEW
Amanda D Vandyk, Michelle Lalonde, Sabrina Merali, Erica Wright, Irmajean Bajnok, Barbara Davies
Evidence on the use of simulation to teach psychiatry and mental health (including addiction) content is emerging, yet no summary of the implementation processes or associated outcomes exists. The aim of this study was to systematically search and review empirical literature on the use of psychiatry-focused simulation in undergraduate nursing education. Objectives were to (i) assess the methodological quality of existing evidence on the use of simulation to teach mental health content to undergraduate nursing students, (ii) describe the operationalization of the simulations, and (iii) summarize the associated quantitative and qualitative outcomes...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200549/ethics-in-psychiatric-research-issues-and-recommendations
#12
REVIEW
Shobhit Jain, Pooja Patnaik Kuppili, Raman Deep Pattanayak, Rajesh Sagar
Psychiatric research has increased remarkably over recent decades to help in understanding the current trends and better therapeutic options for illness. On the other hand, there is also a trend toward higher rates of retraction of published papers in the recent years. Ethics is required to maintain and increase the overall quality and morality of research. Psychiatric research faces several unique ethical challenges. Ethical guidelines are very important tool of research which safeguards participants; however, there is a dearth of such guidelines in India...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188347/-from-boxing-to-geriatric-psychiatry-facets-from-the-work-of-east-german-social-psychiatrist-bernhard-schwarz-1918-1991
#13
REVIEW
K Bart, H Steinberg
For the first time, this study presents publications representative for the work of the neurologist and sports physician Bernhard Schwarz, whose career spans from the 1950s to the 1970s. His work is characterized by exceptional originality. Schwarz acted as the physician of the GDR national boxing team and conducted a systematic long-term study of 800 boxers. He found increased occurrences of depression, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases and suggested that these were linked to recurring craniocerebral injury...
November 29, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133955/chemokines-in-depression-in-health-and-in-inflammatory-illness-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
S P Leighton, L Nerurkar, R Krishnadas, C Johnman, G J Graham, J Cavanagh
Inflammatory illness is associated with depression. Preclinical work has shown that chemokines are linked with peripheral-central crosstalk and may be important in mediating depressive behaviours. We sought to establish what evidence exists that differences in blood or cerebrospinal fluid chemokine concentration discriminate between individuals with depression and those without. Following PRISMA guidelines, we systematically searched Embase, PsycINFO and Medline databases. We included participants with physical illness for subgroup analysis, and excluded participants with comorbid psychiatric diagnoses...
November 14, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122225/-web-visit-patterns-for-the-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-management-of-depressive-disorder-and-alcohol-abuse-dependence
#15
Fernando Suárez-Obando, Carlos Gómez Restrepo
INTRODUCTION: Clinical practice guidelines (CPG) are a set of recommendations for professionals, patients, and families, in order to make decisions about health care. The CPG respond to the need for concise, accurate, practical, and up to date information. In the field of mental health, Colombia has developed three GPC; alcohol (GPC-OH), depression (GPC-TDA), and schizophrenia. OBJECTIVES: To describe the Web Portal traffic related to psychiatry guidelines, with emphasis on the number of visits, distribution throughout Colombian cities, and estimating user behaviour patterns...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117269/assessing-reporting-quality-of-randomized-controlled-trial-abstracts-in-psychiatry-adherence-to-consort-for-abstracts-a-systematic-review
#16
Seung Yeon Song, Boyeon Kim, Inhye Kim, Sungeun Kim, Minjeong Kwon, Changsu Han, Eunyoung Kim
BACKGROUND: Reporting quality of randomized controlled trial (RCT) abstracts is important as readers often make their first judgments based on the abstracts. This study aims to assess the reporting quality of psychiatry RCT abstracts published before and after the release of Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials for Abstracts (CONSORT-A) guidelines. METHODS: MEDLINE/PubMed search was conducted to identify psychiatric RCTs published during 2005-2007 (pre-CONSORT) and 2012-2014 (post-CONSORT)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112195/face-and-predictive-validity-of-the-clock%C3%AE-19-mouse-as-an-animal-model-for-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
M Kristensen, A A Nierenberg, S D Østergaard
Mice carrying the circadian locomotor output cycles Kaput delta 19 N-ethyl-N-nitrosoure (ENU) mutation (ClockΔ19) are used as an animal model for bipolar disorder (BD). We aimed to systematically review the face validity (phenotypical and pathophysiological resemblance with BD) and predictive validity (responsiveness to treatments used in BD) of this model in adherence with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guideline. We carried out a systematic search of the databases PubMed and Embase, combining search terms covering BD and ClockΔ19...
November 7, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112030/nurses-views-highlight-a-need-for-the-systematic-development-of-patient-safety-culture-in-forensic-psychiatry-nursing
#18
Anssi Kuosmanen, Jari Tiihonen, Eila Repo-Tiihonen, Markku Eronen, Hannele Turunen
BACKGROUND: Although forensic nurses work with the most challenging psychiatric patients and manifest a safety culture in their interactions with patients, there have been few studies on patient safety culture in forensic psychiatric nursing. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this qualitative study was to describe nurses' views of patient safety culture in their working unit and daily hospital work in 2 forensic hospitals in Finland. METHODS: Data were collected over a period of 1 month by inviting nurses to answer an open-ended question in an anonymous Web-based questionnaire...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110776/psychiatric-syndromes-other-than-dementia
#19
Karl Bechter, Florian Deisenhammer
There is wide variability in how psychiatry guidelines and textbooks address the question of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diagnostics in the screening of psychiatric disorders. A United States-based textbook confirms that there is no consensus about which laboratory investigation should be routinely performed in psychiatric patients, but with respect to CSF diagnostics, the differences are even more striking. A survey among European experts showed a wide variety of opinions regarding clinical use and criteria in various countries of Europe and worldwide: some psychiatrists, mostly university hospital-based, recommended performing CSF diagnostics in every patient first experiencing severe mental illness (SMI), but especially in patients from the schizophrenia spectrum, whereas others almost never perform CSF examinations themselves and usually refer patients to neurology departments if necessary...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098925/the-world-federation-of-societies-of-biological-psychiatry-wfsbp-guidelines-for-the-biological-treatment-of-bipolar-disorders-acute-and-long-term-treatment-of-mixed-states-in-bipolar-disorder
#20
Heinz Grunze, Eduard Vieta, Guy M Goodwin, Charles Bowden, Rasmus W Licht, Jean-Michel Azorin, Lakshmi Yatham, Sergey Mosolov, Hans-Jürgen Möller, Siegfried Kasper
OBJECTIVES: Although clinically highly relevant, the recognition and treatment of bipolar mixed states has played only an underpart in recent guidelines. This WFSBP guideline has been developed to supply a systematic overview of all scientific evidence pertaining to the acute and long-term treatment of bipolar mixed states in adults. METHODS: Material used for these guidelines is based on a systematic literature search using various data bases. Their scientific rigour was categorised into six levels of evidence (A-F), and different grades of recommendation to ensure practicability were assigned...
November 3, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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