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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727971/congenital-extrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt-abernethy-malformation-type-ib-with-associated-hepatocellular-carcinoma-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Mark Benedict, Manuel Rodriguez-Davalos, Sukru Emre, Zenta Walther, Raffaella Morotti
Abernethy malformation, also termed congenital portosystemic shunt and congenital absence of portal vein is the result of malformation of the splanchnic venous system. Congenital portosystemic shunts are divided into extra- and intrahepatic shunts. Two shunts have been defined: Type I is characterized by the complete diversion of portal blood into the vena cava with an associated congenital absence of the portal vein. Type II is defined by an intact but diverted portal vein through a side-to-side, extrahepatic connection to the vena cava...
July 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725071/inferior-cava-vein-syndrome-and-heart-compression-due-to-a-giant-liver-cyst
#2
Pau Bosch Nicolau, José Luís Lázaro, Lluis Viladomiu, Xavier Merino Casabiel, Mar Riveiro-Barciela
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716868/solitary-fibrous-tumour-a-rare-tumour-of-the-pleural-cavity
#3
Ronit Bar-Haim, Alexe Gavrilov, Alexander Samokhvalov, Edward Altman
Solitary fibrous tumours are a rare group of tumours that originate from connective tissues such as the pleura and mediastinum. When growing within the thoracic cavity these tumours exert pressure on vital organs and large vessels. We have successfully operated on two patients with large solitary fibrous tumours and managed the pathophysiological changes manifested as superior vena cava syndrome resulting from these tumours.
July 16, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709918/unroofed-coronary-sinus-syndrome-an-easily-corrected-congenital-anomaly-but-more-diagnostic-suspicions-are-needed
#4
Changcheng Chen, Lili Xu, Yi Xu, Ping Li, Shuo Liu, Bin You
BACKGROUND: Unroofed coronary sinus syndrome (URCSS) is a spectrum of cardiac anomalies in which part (partial type) or the entire common wall (complete type) between the coronary sinus (CS) and left atrium is absent. It is commonly associated with a persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC). The PLSVC can even anomalously connect to the left atrium in complete type anomaly. URCSS has been reported to be associated with delayed diagnosis and life-threatening cerebral injury. The purpose of the present study was to review our experience with surgical correction of this often-concealed malformation and discuss methods for reducing diagnostic omission...
June 22, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705074/factors-associated-with-severity-of-sleep-apnoea-syndrome-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#5
Akihito Tanaka, Daijo Inaguma, Eri Ito, Naoki Kamegai, Akiko Kato, Minami Mizutani, Hiroya Shimogushi, Hibiki Shinjo, Yasuhiro Otsuka, Asami Takeda
Background In patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), prevalence of sleep apnoea syndrome (SAS) is reported to be markedly high. However, the factors associated with severity of SAS in such patients rarely have been reported. Methods This was a cross-sectional study of 100 stable non-dialysis patients with CKD who attended a CKD educational programme from April 2014 to August 2015. Diagnosis of SAS and its severity were assessed using a type-3 portable monitor. Results Eighty-six men and 14 women with a mean age of 71...
July 14, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690945/pacemaker-placement-in-persistent-left-superior-vena-cava
#6
Murtaza Sundhu, Mubbasher Syed, Sajjad Gul, Bilal Saqi, Robert Mosteller
Persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) is a rare disorder which is asymptomatic and hence is usually discovered while performing interventions through the left subclavian vein. We present a case of a 78-year-old male who was undergoing elective placement of a permanent pacemaker for tachycardia - bradycardia syndrome with post-conversion pauses of up to nine seconds. After achieving access through the left subclavian vein the wire kept on going on the left side of the chest instead of crossing the midline to the right side...
June 5, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689938/gonadal-vein-transposition-in-nutcracker-syndrome
#7
Roy Miler, Eric K Shang, Woosup Michael Park
INTRODUCTION/OBJECTIVES: Nutcracker syndrome, caused by mesoaortic compression of the left renal vein leading to symptoms related to venous hypertension, is an uncommon entity that may require operative intervention. Traditional open transposition of the left renal vein to the vena cava has been shown to have a re-intervention rate of up to 30%, while also having additional morbidity associated with laparotomy. More recently, endovascular stenting has been described in several small series, but have reported stent fracture, thrombosis and migration...
July 6, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685383/endovascular-management-of-malignant-inferior-vena-cava-syndromes
#8
Daniel Kuetting, Daniel Thomas, Kai Wilhelm, Claus C Pieper, Hans H Schild, Carsten Meyer
PURPOSE: Malignant obstructions of the inferior vena cava (IVC) are a common cause of the IVC syndrome. As reports on interventional treatment of malignant inferior caval obstructions are very sparse, the purpose of this study was to retrospectively assess the outcome of endovascular treatment of symptomatic, malignant IVC syndromes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2000 and 2015, 19 patients (six women; mean age 59 years ± 14) received endovascular treatment of malignant IVC obstruction/occlusion...
July 6, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685257/budd-chiari-syndrome-hepatic-venous-outflow-tract-obstruction
#9
REVIEW
Dominique-Charles Valla
BACKGROUND: Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) is a rare disease characterized by hepatic venous outflow tract obstruction (HVOTO). METHODS: Recent literature has been analyzed for this narrative review. RESULTS: Primary BCS/HVOTO is a result of thrombosis. The same patient often has multiple risk factors for venous thrombosis and most have at least one. Presentation and etiology may differ between Western and certain Eastern countries. Myeloproliferative neoplasms are present in 40% of patients and are usually associated with the V617F-JAK2 mutation in myeloid cells, in particular peripheral blood granulocytes...
July 6, 2017: Hepatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681367/expandable-metallic-stent-for-endobronchial-metastasis-from-colorectal-cancer-reports-of-2-cases
#10
Tomoki Nakamura, Takayuki Tajima, Takashi Ogimi, Hiroshi Miyakita, Miho Nitta, Kazunori Myojin, Sakurako Tajiri, Ichiro Kobayashi, Takayuki Nishi, Sotaro Sadahiro, Hideo Shimada
In recent years, there have been many reports about the efficacy of stenting for central bronchial stenosis. When central bronchial stenosis is due to metastasis of a malignant tumor to the trachea and/or bronchi (endobronchial metastasis: EM), it is classified as "narrow EM" and "broad EM." [1] We managed two patients in whom bilateral stent placement was required for narrow and broad EM arising from colorectal cancer. Case 1: In September 2011, a 66-year-old man underwent low anterior resection for advanced colorectal cancer associated with unresectable liver metastasis...
July 20, 2017: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674724/infantile-scimitar-syndrome-with-unusual-associations
#11
Abullah Al-Shamrani, Reem S AlSadi, Motea E Elhoury, Adel S AlHarbi
Scimitar syndrome is a variant of partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection (PAPVC), in which all or part of the right lung is drained by right pulmonary veins that anomalously connect to the inferior vena cava (IVC). The affected lung and its associated airways are often hypoplastic. In addition, aortopulmonary collateral vessels may be involved on the affected side, causing sequestration of that side; such involvement is commonly associated with cardiac defects. We report a case of infantile scimitar syndrome that involved a typical association with the right lung, but with extremely unusual associations with congenital hydrocephalus and heart blockage...
July 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667425/effectiveness-of-catheter-directed-thrombolysis-and-stent-implantation-on-iliofemoral-vein-thrombosis-caused-by-iliac-vein-compression
#12
Zhi-Bing Ming, Wen-Dong Li, Rui-Fan Yuan, Xiao-Qiang Li, Wen-Bin Ding
The purpose of this study was to objectively assess the morbidity of post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) in iliofemoral vein thrombosis treated with catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) and stenting under the protection of inferior vena cava (IVC) filter. All patients with an unprovoked episode of iliofemoral vein thrombosis combined with iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS) during January 2011 and January 2015 were enrolled. Clinical records of all patients were evaluated. Firstly, cox regression was performed to find out the factors impacted the incidence of PTS...
August 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658779/sclerosing-mediastinitis-presenting-as-complete-heart-block
#13
Reena Bharadwaj, Manoj Gopal Madakshira, Prashant Bharadwaj, Hardeep Singh Sidhu
Sclerosing Mediastinitis (SM) is a rare condition which is characterized by the presence of dense fibrosis which infiltrates and encroaches upon various structures in the mediastinal cavity. Depending on the extent and the predominant organ of involvement, the patient presents with symptomatology of dysphagia, superior vena cava compression syndrome or dyspnoea. However, the involvement of the heart is rarely seen. Aetiologies of SM are several, with infections being the most common. We discuss a case of SM involving the oesophagus, descending aorta, hilum of lungs and the heart secondary to mucormycosis in an immunocompetent male...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655488/acute-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-after-thoracic-surgery
#14
Patricio Maskin, Federico Bonora, Matías Lescano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 24, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654925/cardiovascular-oncologic-emergencies
#15
Sundeep Shenoy, Safal Shetty, Shilpa Lankala, Faiz Anwer, Andrew Yeager, Sasikanth Adigopula
Oncologic emergencies can present either as a progression of a known cancer or as the initial presentation of a previously undiagnosed cancer. In most of these situations, a very high degree of suspicion is required to allow prompt assessment, diagnosis, and treatment. In this article, we review the presentation and management of cardiovascular oncologic emergencies from primary and metastatic tumors of the heart and complications such as pericardial tamponade, superior vena cava syndrome, and hyperviscosity syndrome...
June 28, 2017: Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648654/gianturco-z-stent-fixation-of-a-modified-iliac-limb-stent-graft-endoprosthesis-for-the-treatment-of-malignant-superior-vena-cava-syndrome
#16
Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, Matthew L Osher, Kyle J Cooper, Wael A Saad, David M Williams, Minhaj S Khaja
Superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome, characterized by facial and arm swelling, is most frequently caused by intrathoracic malignancies. Decompression may be achieved with endovenous stent placement. Polytetrafluoroethylene-covered stents have shown to have higher long-term cumulative patency rates compared with uncovered stents for the treatment of malignant SVC syndrome. Unfortunately, polytetrafluoroethylene-covered stents are not readily available worldwide. Moreover, the existing armamentarium, including balloon-expandable iCAST stents (maximum diameter 10 mm) and heparin-coated Viabahn stent-graft endoprostheses (maximum diameter 13 mm), are too small to adequately treat malignant obstruction of the SVC...
June 23, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633266/complete-neurological-recovery-after-acute-total-occlusion-of-the-superior-vena-cava
#17
Yafen Liang, Clayton A Kaiser, Matthew R Danter
Superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome, characterized by swelling of the upper torso, can result from a wide range of causes. The presence and severity of clinical symptoms depends on the degree of stenosis, the location of stenosis, the speed of development of stenosis, and existing collateral flow. Acute complete occlusion of the SVC frequently leads to poor neurologic outcomes such as coma or death. We report a case of a patient who had complete neurologic recovery after 26 minutes of acute total occlusion of the SVC...
July 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631648/leiomyosarcoma-of-inferior-vena-cava-with-intracardiac-extension-presenting-as-budd-chiari-syndrome-report-of-a-rare-case
#18
Kaniyappan Nambiyar, Arvind Ahuja, Minakshi Bhardwaj
Primary leiomyosarcoma of vascular origin is a rare malignant smooth muscle tumor. This report describes a case of primary leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava (IVC) in a 52-year-old male who presented with complaints of abdominal pain, chest pain, and bilateral lower limb swelling for 4 months. Imaging of the chest and abdomen revealed a mass in the IVC extending into right atrium, heterogeneous enhancement of liver, hepatosplenomegaly, and ascites. Histopathological examination showed a malignant spindle cell tumor with cells arranged in fascicular and hemangiopericytomatous pattern...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631134/budd-chiari-syndrome-outcomes-of-endovascular-intervention-a-single-center-experience
#19
Nitin Jagtap, Mithun Sharma, Jagdeesh Singh, Manu Tandan, P N Rao, Rajesh Gupta, Sundeep Lakhtakia, Mohan Ramchandani, Harshal Shah, T Mahesh Kumar, Santosh Darishetty, G V Rao, D N Reddy
AIM: Outcomes of endovascular intervention in Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) have been reported with varied results. Clinical outcomes of endovascular interventions in BCS and role of various prognostic scores were critically evaluated in this study. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed consecutive patients of BCS who underwent endovascular intervention between January 2007 and May 2016 at our center. Technical, clinical successes and complications were documented...
June 20, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629571/detection-and-characterization-of-budd-chiari-syndrome-with-inferior-vena-cava-obstruction-comparison-of-fixed-and-flexible-delayed-scan-time-of-computed-tomography-venography
#20
Peng-Li Zhou, Gang Wu, Xin-Wei Han, Yong-Hua Bi, Wen-Guang Zhang, Zheng-Yang Wu
PURPOSE: To compare the results of computed tomography venography (CTV) with a fixed and a flexible delayed scan time for Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) with inferior vena cava (IVC) obstruction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 209 consecutive BCS patients with IVC obstruction underwent either a CTV with a fixed delayed scan time of 180s (n=87) or a flexible delayed scan time for good image quality according to IVC blood flow in color Doppler ultrasonography (n=122)...
June 2017: European Journal of Radiology
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