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Cava syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148523/nephrotic-syndrome-and-duplication-of-the-inferior-vena-cava-a-series-of-unfortunate-events
#1
Katarzyna Klejna, Tomasz Hryszko, Radosław Zawadzki, Beata Naumnik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148000/the-feasibility-and-safety-of-piccs-accessed-via-the-superficial-femoral-vein-in-patients-with-superior-vena-cava-syndrome
#2
Yonghui Wan, Yuxin Chu, Yanru Qiu, Qian Chen, Wei Zhou, Qibin Song
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and safety of the peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) accessed via the superficial femoral vein in patients with superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS). METHODS: From October 2010 to December 2014, 221 cancer patients with SVCS in our center received real-time ultrasound-guidance of the superficial femoral vein inserted central catheters (FICCs) at the mid-thigh. PICC insertion via upper extremity veins had also been investigated in 2604 cancer patients without SVCS as control...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126538/recurrent-pulmonary-aneurysms-hughes-stovin-syndrome-on-the-spectrum-of-beh%C3%A3-et-disease
#3
Sami M Bennji, Leonard du Preez, Stephanie Griffith-Richards, Derrick P Smit, Jonathan Rigby, Coenraad F N Koegelenberg, Elvis M Irusen, Brian W Allwood
In this report, we describe a male patient who presented with recurrent life-threatening hemoptysis due to the sequential formation of multiple pulmonary aneurysms. Both pulmonary artery coil embolization and right lower lobectomy were performed, with limited success. The patient experienced extensive bilateral femoral DVT extending into the inferior vena cava, with massive hemoptysis, fulfilling the diagnosis of Hughes-Stovin syndrome. A final diagnosis of Behçet disease was made following extensive investigation, and the patient responded well to prednisone 20 mg orally and azathioprine 100 mg orally...
November 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115093/a-case-of-multiple-cardiovascular-and-tracheal-anomalies-presented-with-wolff-parkinson-white-syndrome-in-a-middle-aged-adult
#4
Hyejin Shi, Sungmin Sohn, SungHo Wang, Sungrock Park, SangKi Lee, Song Yi Kim, Sun Young Jeong, Changhwan Kim
Congenital cardiovascular anomalies, such as dextrocardia, persistent left superior vena cava (SVC), and pulmonary artery (PA) sling, are rare disorders. These congenital anomalies can occur alone, or coincide with other congenital malformations. In the majority of cases, congenital anomalies are detected early in life by certain signs and symptoms. A 56-year-old man with no previous medical history was admitted due to recurrent wide QRS complex tachycardia with hemodynamic collapse. A chest radiograph showed dextrocardia...
December 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078930/oncologic-mechanical-emergencies
#5
REVIEW
Umar A Khan, Carl B Shanholtz, Michael T McCurdy
Prevalence of cancer and its various related complications continues to rise. Increasingly these life-threatening complications are initially managed in the emergency department, making a prompt and accurate diagnosis crucial to effectively institute the proper treatment and establish goals of care. The following oncologic emergencies are reviewed in this article: pericardial tamponade, superior vena cava syndrome, brain metastasis, malignant spinal cord compression, and hyperviscosity syndrome.
December 2017: Hematology/oncology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078243/-endovascular-therapy-of-chronic-venous-outflow-obstruction
#6
Michael Lichtenberg, Houman Jalaie
Current national and international guidelines recommend endovascular therapy of iliofemoral thromboses in young patients, as a treatment option to avoid the post-thrombotic syndrome. Possible techniques include endovascular local lysis therapy, as well as pharmacomechanical or purely mechanical procedures. Endovascular therapy of chronic obstruction of the inferior V. cava or pelvic veins is an effective therapy for patients suffering from post-thrombotic syndrome. If there is involvement of the V. femoralis communis, hybrid operations may be considered in which an AV fistula is formed or endophlebectomy is carried out...
October 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066637/transcatheter-valve-implantation-to-inferior-vena-cava-to-control-carcinoid-symptoms
#7
Vandana M Sagar, Richard P Steeds, Sagar N Doshi, Tahir Shah
Severe carcinoid syndrome and carcinoid heart disease in neuroendocrine tumours can have a significant impact on a patient's quality of life and are a major cause of morbidity and mortality. We present a novel approach to managing a patient with medically uncontrollable carcinoid syndrome. Inferior and superior vena cava placement of transcatheter heart valves has been used to treat patients with right heart failure due to severe tricuspid and pulmonary regurgitation. However, this procedure has not been attempted to specifically reduce hormone secretion, primarily from the liver, in order to control carcinoid syndrome symptoms...
October 23, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062682/transudative-chylothorax-in-a-patient-with-lymphangioleiomyomatosis
#8
Adrian Pedro Noriega Aldave, John W Leslie
Transudative chylothorax is a rare type of pleural effusion. It has been described to be present in the setting of liver cirrhosis, heart failure, amyloidosis, nephrotic syndrome, superior vena cava thrombosis, sclerosing mesenteritis and heart failure. We present the case of an 86-year-old woman with a right-side transudative chylothorax associated with heart failure and lymphangioleiomyomatosis.
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054305/scimitar-syndrome-in-children-and-adults-natural-history-outcomes-and-risk-analysis
#9
Hanjay Wang, David Kalfa, Marlon S Rosenbaum, Jonathan N Ginns, Matthew J Lewis, Julie S Glickstein, Emile A Bacha, Paul J Chai
BACKGROUND: Scimitar syndrome involves congenital anomalous pulmonary venous return to the inferior vena cava. Optimal management remains controversial. We describe the natural history of disease, nonsurgical and surgical outcomes, and risk factors for poor outcomes at our institution. METHODS: Patients with anomalous pulmonary venous return to the inferior vena cava documented on echocardiography at our institution between January 1994 and January 2015 were reviewed retrospectively...
October 18, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050117/-pediatric-idiopathic-hypereosinophilic-syndrome-with-pulmonary-embolism-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#10
N Dong, X Y Dong
Objective: To explore clinical features of idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome combined with pulmonary embolism. Method: A retrospective analysis of a patient with idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome and pulmonary embolism diagnosed and treated in the Respiratory Department of Shanghai Children's Hospital in September 2016 was performed. A literature search was performed with"Eosinophils increased, thrombosis"as the Chinese keywords in Wanfang database and"idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome, deep vein thrombosis"as the English key words in PubMed database...
October 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045241/taking-assent-to-new-heights-a-case-report-on-do-not-resuscitate-status-in-pediatric-palliative-care-procedures
#11
Heather A Ballard, Santhanam Suresh
Dying adolescents presenting for palliative procedures have complicated developmental and ethical issues, especially when reconsidering do-not-resuscitate orders. Though the American Academy of Pediatrics has guidelines, there is limited information in the literature on how to take care of these patients. We describe the case of a 14-year-old patient presenting to the interventional radiology suite for management of superior vena cava syndrome. The patient's goals of treatment were elucidated through a comprehensive care team consisting of the procedural and oncology teams...
October 17, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038739/unusual-case-of-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-caused-by-intravascular-thyroid-metastasis
#12
Vanesa Varela Pose, María Patricia Fierro Alanis, Anaberta Bermudez Naveira, Oskarina Lourdes Silva Gonzalez, Jorge Fernandez Noya, Urbano Anido Herranz, Rafael Lopez Lopez
Superior cava venous obstruction use to show a typical clinical presentation and a CT scan or even an ultrasonography can be sufficient to achieve an accurate diagnosis, but in this case, to obtain the final diagnosis, a multimodal assessment is needed. This case report shows a multidisciplinary approach which helped diagnose a complicated case, where conventional diagnostic methods were not enough.
2017: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038416/cardiac-metastasis-of-nonvisceral-soft-tissue-leiomyosarcoma
#13
Cristina Martinez, Jamal S Rana, Matthew D Solomon
Metastasis of a nonvisceral leiomyosarcoma to the heart is rare. We present the case of a man with a history of an upper extremity cancerous lesion that was completely resected with appropriate surveillance monitoring, which then metastasized to the heart 14 years later, presenting as superior vena cava syndrome. Full evaluation found no other metastatic lesions, including no residual sarcoma at the former primary site. We include transthoracic echocardiography and computed tomography images of unusual presentation of the large mass extending from the caudal superior vena cava to the right atrium and into the right ventricle across the tricuspid valve...
2017: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037346/contemporary-outcomes-of-elective-iliocaval-and-infrainguinal-venous-intervention-for-post-thrombotic-chronic-venous-occlusive-disease
#14
Johnathon C Rollo, Steven M Farley, Juan Carlos Jimenez, Karen Woo, Peter F Lawrence, Brian G DeRubertis
BACKGROUND: Patients with iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis are at risk for development of post-thrombotic syndrome. Iliac vein stenting has been shown to significantly improve clinical outcomes in patients with venous outflow obstruction, although many studies include a heterogeneous population with several different venous pathologic processes. Our objective was to evaluate the results of iliocaval and infrainguinal venous intervention for venous outflow obstruction due to post-thrombotic chronic venous occlusive disease...
November 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035731/postoperative-adjuvant-sorafenib-or-sunitinib-for-nonmetastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma-with-venous-tumor-thrombus-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Liangyou Gu, Hongzhao Li, Luyao Chen, Xintao Li, Baojun Wang, Qingbo Huang, Fan Zhang, Yang Fan, Yu Gao, Cheng Peng, Xin Ma, Xu Zhang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of antiangiogenic agents (sorafenib and sunitinib) as postoperative adjuvant therapy in patients with nonmetastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and venous tumor thrombus (VTT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: From March 2006 to January 2016, 147 patients who met the inclusion criteria were enrolled; 27 patients received sorafenib, and 17 patients received sunitinib. After radical nephrectomy and thrombectomy, the duration of maintenance targeted medication treatment was approximately 1 year...
December 2017: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017434/transesophageal-echocardiogram-guided-stent-placement-in-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-secondary-to-granulomatous-lung-disease-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#16
REVIEW
Kaiwen Sun, Rishi Batra, Nicholas W Markin, Melissa Suh, Iraklis I Pipinos, Ellen K Roberts, Jason N Mactaggart, B Timothy Baxter
Obstruction of the superior vena cava (SVC) is an uncommon, but potentially life-threatening condition due to likely development of edema in the head and neck and potential respiratory compromise. Less than half of those affected by SVC syndrome survive more than a year. Obstruction can be from neoplasms or secondary to benign disease. Treatment for most cases of symptomatic SVC syndrome involves placement of a stent to relieve the stenosis. Serious complications such as stent migration, pulmonary embolism, and cardiac tamponade can occur in 5% to 10% of cases, and inadequate imaging of the SVC-atrial junction by fluoroscopy contributes to these problems...
November 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971023/metastatic-primary-testicular-carcinoid-tumor-managed-with-radical-orchiectomy-retroperitoneal-lymph-node-dissection-and-inferior-vena-cava-excision-case-report
#17
H K Bangash, D Hayne, I A Thyer
Metastatic primary testicular carcinoid tumor remains a very rare condition. We report the first case of metastatic primary testicular carcinoid tumor where along retroperitoneal lymph node dissection excision of the Inferior Vena Cava was also performed. The rarity is further emphasised by the presence of a contralateral testicular dermoid cyst. Given the features of the tumor were not in keeping with the traditional predictors of metastases (primary tumor >7.3 cm, poor differentiation and the presence of carcinoid syndrome) this case adds valuable addition to the relatively limited literature available on this rare condition...
November 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962659/polysplenia-syndrome-with-duodenal-and-pancreatic-dysplasia-in-a-holstein-calf-a-case-report
#18
Daisuke Kondoh, Tomomi Kawano, Tomoaki Kikuchi, Kaoru Hatate, Kenichi Watanabe, Motoki Sasaki, Norio Yamagishi, Hisashi Inokuma, Nobuo Kitamura
BACKGROUND: Laterality disorders of the abdominal organs include situs inversus totalis that mirrors the arrangements of all internal organs and heterotaxy syndrome (situs ambiguus) in which the thoracic or abdominal organs are abnormally arranged. Heterotaxy is often accompanied by multiple congenital malformations, and it generally comprises asplenia and polysplenia syndromes. To our knowledge, polysplenia syndrome has been reported in only three cattle, and computerized tomographic (CT) images of these animals were not obtained...
September 29, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948543/three-dimensional-imaging-for-thoracoscopic-resection-of-complex-lung-anomalies
#19
Yuhei Yokoyama, Masaaki Sato, Mitsugu Omasa, Hiroshi Date
BACKGROUND: Building surgical strategies for complex lung anomalies such as congenital pulmonary venolobar syndrome is difficult because of their rarity and variance. Using three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT), we can determine strategies safely. We describe a 27-year-old man with multifocal pulmonary malformations who underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) using 3D-CT. CASE PRESENTATION: A 27-year-old man presented with hemoptysis associated with complex pulmonary malformations, including a triple-arched vein connecting the superior and inferior pulmonary veins with partial drainage into the inferior vena cava, a systemic and numerous arterial supply to the right lower lobe from the abdominal aorta, abnormal lobulation, and a tracheal bronchus in the right lung...
September 25, 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932613/primary-pulmonary-lymphoma-presenting-with-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-in-a-young-female
#20
Divya Salhan, Prakash Verma, Tun Win Naing, Ebad Ur Rehman, Saroj Kandel, Danillo Enriquez, Joseph Quist, Frances Schmidt
Primary Pulmonary Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma (PPDLBCL) is an extremely rare entity, which exhibits an aggressive behavior by compressing local blood vessels. It represents only 0.04% of all lymphoma cases and is extremely rare in young age. We present a case of a primary pulmonary lymphoma with superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) in a young female. 27-year-old African American female presented with fever, cough, and facial puffiness for 2 weeks and unintentional weight loss. Chest examination showed decreased breath sounds and dullness on percussion on right side...
2017: Case Reports in Pulmonology
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