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Lysis syndrome

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November 2016: Nursing
Roberta Kaplow, Karen Iyere
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Nursing
Matthew D Seftel, John Kuruvilla, Tom Kouroukis, Versha Banerji, Graeme Fraser, Michael Crump, Rajat Kumar, Haji I Chalchal, Muhammad Salim, Rob C Laister, Susan Crocker, Spencer B Gibson, Marcia Toguchi, John F Lyons, Hao Xu, Jean Powers, Joana Sederias, Lesley Seymour, Annette E Hay
AT7519M is a small molecule inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinases 1, 2, 4, 5, and 9 with in vitro activity against lymphoid malignancies. In two concurrent Phase II trials, we evaluated AT7519M in relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) using the recommended Phase II dosing of 27 mg/m(2) twice weekly for 2 of every 3 weeks. Primary objective was objective response rate (ORR). Nineteen patients were accrued (7 CLL, 12 MCL). Four CLL patients achieved stable disease (SD)...
October 17, 2016: Leukemia & Lymphoma
Seiya Urae, Kayori Tsuruoka, Sayaka Kuroya, Yugo Shibagaki
Tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) is a metabolic disorder that is generally associated with a malignancy leading to hyperuricemia, hyperphosphatemia, and acute kidney injury. On the other hand, we sometimes encounter these phenomena in nonmalignant disease, which has been referred to as tumor lysis-like syndrome in some studies. We herein experienced a case in which tumor lysis-like syndrome occurred in the course of therapy for eosinophilic disease of the lung, a nonmalignant disease. Even in nonmalignant disease, massive cell lysis induced by therapy can cause phenomena such as TLS or tumor lysis-like syndrome...
2016: Internal Medicine
Roshan Agarwala, Akash Batta, Varun Suryadevera, Vivek Kumar, Vishal Sharma, Surinder Singh Rana
Tumour lysis syndrome is an oncological emergency which is usually seen following chemotherapy for rapidly proliferating haematological malignancies. Spontaneous tumour lysis syndrome is rare in solid tumour and even rarer with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Tumour lysis syndrome in the setting of HCC is usually reported as a consequence of therapeutic interventions like sorafenib administration or trans-arterial chemoembolization. We report about a case of a young lady with chronic hepatitis B related HCC who developed spontaneous tumour lysis syndrome and presented with hypocalcemic tetany...
October 12, 2016: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
Selvin Sundar Raj Mani, Thomas Kodiatte, Manjeera Jagannati
Plasmablastic lymphoma is a rare entity accounting for around 2.7% of all AIDS-related lymphomas. The oral cavity and gastrointestinal tract are the most common sites involved. We report a case of a 34-year-old HIV-positive woman with a rare presentation of cutaneous nodules all over the body. Due to overwhelming tumour burden, she developed tumour lysis syndrome during her hospital stay and succumbed to the illness.
October 13, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Lincy Vinayan M, Usha Padmini, Balamurughan, Selvamani, K Sivakumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Lincy Vinayan M, Usha Padmini, Balamurughan, Selvamani, K Sivakumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
T Nguyen, S Johnston, L Clarke, P Smith, D Staines, S Marshall-Gradisnik
Transient receptor potential melastatin subfamily 3 (TRPM3) ion channels play a role in calcium (Ca(2+) ) cell signalling. Reduced TRPM3 has been identified in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) patients. However, the significance of TRPM3 and association with intracellular Ca(2+) mobilisation has yet to be determined. Fifteen CFS/ME patients (mean age 48.82 ± 9.83 years) and 25 health controls (mean age 39.2 ± 12.12 years) were examined. Isolated NK cells were labelled with fluorescent antibodies to determine TRPM3, CD107a, and CD69 receptors on CD56(Dim) CD16(+) NK cells and CD56(Bright) CD16(Dim/-) NK cells...
October 11, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
Michael Stormly Hansen, Oliver Niels Klefter, Hanne Olsen Julian, Anne Marie Lynge Pedersen, Steffen Heegaard
Pemphigoid and pemphigus diseases as well as Stevens-Johnson syndrome present as vesiculobullous disorders of the skin and may additionally involve both the oral cavity and the ocular surface. Ocular involvement ranges from mild irritation and dry eye disease to chronic conjunctivitis, symblepharon, eyelid malposition, ocular surface scarring and severe visual loss. In addition to diagnostic assessments, ophthalmologists must treat the dry eye and Meibomian gland dysfunction components of these diseases using a stepladder approach, including eyelid hygiene and lubricants...
October 7, 2016: Oral Diseases
Khadijeh Alishah, Sedigheh Asad, Khosro Khajeh, Neda Akbari
Uric acid, a side product of nucleotide metabolism, should be cleared from blood stream since its accumulation can cause cardiovascular diseases and gout. Uricase (urate oxidase) converts uric acid to 5-hydroxyisourate, but it is absent in human and other higher apes. Yet, the recombinant form of uricase, Rasburicase, is now commercially available to cure tumor lysis syndrome by lowering serum uric acid level. Developing new methods to efficiently purify pharmaceutical proteins like uricase has attracted researchers' attention...
November 2016: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
Roberta Kaplow, Karen Iyere
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2016: Nursing
Lianwen Zhang, Michael B Steele, Nathan Jenks, Jacquelyn Grell, Marshall Behrens, Rebecca Nace, Shruthi Naik, Mark J Federspiel, Stephen J Russell, Kah-Whye Peng
Tumor selective oncolytic vesicular stomatitis viruses (VSVs) are being evaluated in clinical trials. Here we report that the MPC-11 murine plasmacytoma model is so extraordinarily susceptible to oncolytic VSVs that a low dose of virus leads to extensive intratumoral viral replication, sustained viremia, intravascular coagulation and a rapidly fatal tumor lysis syndrome (TLS). Rapid softening, shrinkage and hemorrhagic necrosis of flank tumors was noted within 1-2 days after virus administration, leading to hyperkalemia, hyperphosphatemia, hypocalcemia, hyperuricemia, increase in plasma cell free DNA, lymphopenia, consumptive coagulopathy, increase in fibrinogen degradation products, decreased liver function tests, dehydration, weight loss, and euthanasia or death after 5-8 days...
September 27, 2016: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
Shrilakshmi Hegde, Shivanand Manjunath Hegde, Renate Rosengarten, Rohini Chopra-Dewasthaly
Mycoplasma agalactiae is the etiological agent of the contagious agalactia syndrome in sheep and goats and causes significant economic losses worldwide. Yet the mechanism of pathogenesis is largely unknown. Even whole-genome sequence analysis of its pathogenic type strain did not lead to any conclusions regarding its virulence or pathogenicity factors. Although inflammation and tissue destruction at the local site of M. agalactiae infection are largely considered as effects of the host immune response, the direct effect of the agent on host cells is not completely understood...
2016: PloS One
A Dupré, C Mousseaux, A Bouguerba, S Ayed, J Barchazs, M Boukari, D Goldgran-Toledano, C Bornstain, F Vincent
Whether it appears spontaneously or is induced by therapy, the tumor lysis syndrome is responsible for a massive release of ions and puric bases degradation of products in the circulation exceeding the renal excretion capacity. Some, such as uric acid, xanthine, and calcium phosphate, can precipitate in the renal tubules or parenchyma. It must be known to any practitioner supporting patients with hematologic malignancies, mainly high-grade but also some solid tumors. The 2015 publication of the British recommendations pertaining to patients suffering from hematological diseases should be broadcast...
September 19, 2016: La Revue de Médecine Interne
Takeo Yasu, Shunsuke Kobayashi, Mai Horii, Yosuke Kurokawa
Tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) is a life-threatening oncologic emergency. The control of serum uric acid level (UA) is important for prevention of TLS. Febuxostat has demonstrated its superiority over allopurinol in decreasing UA level. We retrospectively evaluated the efficacy of febuxostat 10 mg in prevention of hyperuricemia associated with TLS (HU-TLS) in 12 patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Mean UA levels were found to significantly decrease (p = 0.003). HU-TLS was prevented in all patients. Thus, febuxostat 10 mg is effective in prevention of HU-TLS...
September 19, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Efthymios D Avgerinos, Omar El-Shazly, Geetha Jeyabalan, George Al-Khoury, Eric Hager, Michael J Singh, Michel S Makaroun, Rabih A Chaer
BACKGROUND: Inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis may occur in patients with iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis (DVT), and its impact on thrombolysis outcomes is poorly defined. This study compared outcomes of patients undergoing thrombolysis for acute iliofemoral DVT with and without IVC involvement. METHODS: Patients who underwent thrombolysis for iliofemoral DVT between May 2007 and March 2014 were identified from a prospectively maintained database and divided into two groups: those with IVC involvement and those without...
October 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
Saartje Bloemen, Xiao Xuan Wu, Katrien M Devreese, Bas de Laat, Jacob H Rand, Ljiljana V Vasovic
INTRODUCTION: The antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an acquired autoimmune disorder predisposing patients to thrombosis or pregnancy complications. Since inverted erythrocyte membranes (iEMs) might provide a physiologically relevant source of anionic phospholipids, we studied the interactions of phospholipid-binding proteins and APS antibodies using iEMs. MATERIALS & METHODS: iEMs were prepared from packed erythrocytes by hypotonic lysis. Phosphatidylserine (PS) exposure was confirmed by annexin A5 (A5) binding using fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry...
October 2016: Thrombosis Research
N Bayrakci, N Ozkayar, O Caglayan, F Dede
Tumour lysis syndrome (TLS) is a rare but serious complication of cancer treatment. It is generally seen in patients with high tumour load or chemosensitive tumour after chemotherapy and is more common with haematological malignancies like leukaemia and lymphoma when compared to solid tumours. Tumour lysis syndrome occurring after radiotherapy (RT) in patients with solid tumours is very rare. We aimed to present TLS seen after RT for a vertebral tumoural mass in a patient with metastatic adenocarcinoma of unknown origin...
February 22, 2016: West Indian Medical Journal
Dustin L Higashi, Nicolas Biais, Deborah L Donahue, Jeffrey A Mayfield, Charles R Tessier, Kevin Rodriguez, Brandon L Ashfeld, Jeffrey Luchetti, Victoria A Ploplis, Francis J Castellino, Shaun W Lee
Streptococcus pyogenes, or group A Streptococcus (GAS), is a human bacterial pathogen that can manifest as a range of diseases from pharyngitis and impetigo to severe outcomes such as necrotizing fasciitis and toxic shock syndrome. GAS disease remains a global health burden with cases estimated at over 700 million annually and over half a million deaths due to severe infections(1). For over 100 years, a clinical hallmark of diagnosis has been the appearance of complete (beta) haemolysis when grown in the presence of blood...
2016: Nature Microbiology
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