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sports injury surveillance

Nicholas A Smith, Thiphalak Chounthirath, Huiyun Xiang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemiology of youth soccer-related injuries treated in emergency departments in the United States. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of soccer-related injuries among children 7 through 17 years of age from 1990 through 2014 with data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System. Injury rates were calculated from soccer participation data. RESULTS: An estimated 2 995 765 (95% confidence interval [CI], 2 309 112-3 682 418) children 7 through 17 years old were treated in US emergency departments for soccer-related injuries during the 25-year study period, averaging 119 831 (95% CI, 92 364-147 297) annually...
September 12, 2016: Pediatrics
Karen G Roos, Zachary Y Kerr, Timothy C Mauntel, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Erik A Wickstrom
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprains are a common injury in collegiate sports. Few studies have examined the epidemiology of individual ligament injuries, specifically the lateral ligament complex (LLC) of the ankle. PURPOSE: To describe the epidemiology, including the estimated yearly national incidence, of LLC sprains among National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. METHODS: Injury surveillance data for 25 sports from the NCAA Injury Surveillance Program (NCAA-ISP) for the academic years 2009-2010 to 2014-2015 were used for analysis...
August 29, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
A Gupta, C M Davidson, M A McIsaac
INTRODUCTION: Surveys that collect information on injuries often focus on the single "most serious" event to help limit recall error and reduce survey length. However, this can mask less serious injuries and result in biased incidence estimates for specific injury subcategories. METHODS: Data from the 2002 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey and from the Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (CHIRPP) were used to compare estimates of sports injury incidence in Canadian children...
August 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
Robert W Westermann, Zachary Y Kerr, Peter Wehr, Annuziato Amendola
BACKGROUND: Sports-related concussions (SRCs) have gained increased societal interest in the past decade. The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) has implemented legislation and rule changes to decrease the incidence and risk of head injury impacts. The "targeting" rule forbids initiating contact with the crown of a helmet and targeting defenseless players in the head and neck area; however, there are concerns that this rule change has unintentionally led to an increased incidence of lower extremity injuries...
August 10, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Grant Baldwin, Matt Breiding, David Sleet
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can have long term effects on mental and physical health, and can disrupt vocational, educational, and social functioning. TBIs can range from mild to severe and their effects can last many years after the initial injury. CDC seeks to reduce the burden of TBI from unintentional injuries through a focus on primary prevention, improved recognition and management, and intervening to improve health outcomes after TBI. CDC uses a 4-stage public health model to guide TBI prevention, moving from 1) surveillance of TBI, 2) identification of risk and protective factors for TBI, 3) development and testing of evidence-based interventions, to 4) bringing effective intervention to scale through widespread adoption...
June 30, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
J G Garrick, R Requa
In brief: To avoid the bias of injury studies based only on coaches' perceptions, four athletic trainers served in high schools in a two-year study to identify and evaluate all injuries resulting from athletic participation. There were 1,181 injuries in 3,049 participants in 19 sports. Sprains and strains accounted for two thirds of the injuries, and the most common injury was the ankle sprain. Thirty-nine percent of injuries were evaluated by a physician, and 25 injuries required hospitalization. The athletic trainers probably increased physician visits and x-ray examinations and sensitized the schools to the need for injury prevention, recognition, treatment, and rehabilitation...
February 1981: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Bernadette K Johnson, R Dawn Comstock
OBJECTIVE: Describe chest and abdominal injury epidemiology among US high school athletes. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of longitudinal surveillance data. SETTING: Injury data from 2005/06 to 2013/14 academic years were collected using an internet-based surveillance system. PARTICIPANTS: A large sample of US high schools. ASSESSMENT OF RISK FACTORS: Injuries sustained as a function of sport. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Chest, rib, thoracic spine, and abdominal injuries sustained during high school athletic events...
July 15, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
E D Zemper
In brief: The National Sports Injury Surveillance System collected data during the 1986 and 1987 playing seasons from a national sample of 6,229 college football players. The overall injury rate for the two seasons was 6.32/1,000 athlete-exposures, or 45.27/100 athletes. Offensive players incurred more injuries than defensive players. The knee and ankle were the most common injury sites, and sprains were the most common injury. Injuries during games occurred most frequently in the third quarter and least often in the first quarter...
November 1989: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Ian Shrier, Ben Clarsen, Evert Verhagen, Kerry Gordon, Jay Mellette
The recent increased use of injury and illness surveillance programmes has the potential to greatly advance our knowledge about risk factors and treatment effectiveness. Maximising this potential requires that data be entered in a format that can be interpreted and analysed. One remaining challenge concerns whether and when an increase in symptoms should be documented within an existing injury record (eg, exacerbation) versus a new injury record. In this review, we address this challenge using the principles of the multistate framework for the analysis of subsequent injury in sport (M-FASIS)...
June 28, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Zachary Y Kerr, Karen G Roos, Aristarque Djoko, Sara L Dalton, Steven P Broglio, Stephen W Marshall, Thomas P Dompier
CONTEXT:   Injury rates compare the relative frequency of sport-related concussions across groups. However, they may not be intuitive to policy makers, parents, or coaches in understanding the likelihood of concussion. OBJECTIVE:   To describe 4 measures of incidence (athlete-based rate, athlete-based risk, team-based rate, and team-based risk) during the 2011-2012 through 2014-2015 academic years. DESIGN:   Descriptive epidemiology study...
June 22, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
Mersine A Bryan, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, R Dawn Comstock, Frederick Rivara
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of sports- and recreation-related concussions (SRRCs) in the United States is unknown. More than 44 million youth participate in sports annually, thus understanding the frequency of SRRCs in children is important on a population level. Our objective was to determine the number of SRRCs occurring annually among US youth ≤18 years old. METHODS: We identified SRRCs using 3 national databases: MarketScan, National Electronic Injury Surveillance System, and National High School Sports Related Injury Surveillance System, Reporting Injury Online...
July 2016: Pediatrics
Julie Agel, Todd Rockwood, David Klossner
OBJECTIVE: To present data on the rate of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in 15 collegiate sports from 2004 to 2005 through 2012 to 2013 updating the 1988-1989 to 2003-2004 data. DESIGN: Prospectively designed descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING: National Collegiate Athletic Association Schools. PARTICIPANTS: National Collegiate Athletic Association School athletes. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Injury rate by year and sport...
June 16, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
John W Orchard, Craig Ranson, Benita Olivier, Mandeep Dhillon, Janine Gray, Ben Langley, Akshai Mansingh, Isabel S Moore, Ian Murphy, Jon Patricios, Thiagarajan Alwar, Christopher J Clark, Brett Harrop, Hussain I Khan, Alex Kountouris, Mairi Macphail, Stephen Mount, Anesu Mupotaringa, David Newman, Kieran O'Reilly, Nicholas Peirce, Sohail Saleem, Dayle Shackel, Richard Stretch, Caroline F Finch
Cricket was the first sport to publish recommended methods for injury surveillance in 2005. Since then, there have been changes to the nature of both cricket and injury surveillance. Researchers representing the major cricket playing nations met to propose changes to the previous recommendations, with an agreed voting block of 14. It was decided that 10 of 14 votes (70%) were required to add a new definition element and 11 of 14 (80%) were required to amend a previous definition. In addition to the previously agreed 'Match time-loss' injury, definitions of 'General time-loss', 'Medical presentation', 'Player-reported' and 'Imaging-abnormality' injuries are now provided...
June 8, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Cole Klick, Courtney M C Jones, David Adler
INTRODUCTION: Surfing is a popular recreational and competitive sport in the United States and worldwide. Previous studies indicate surfers are frequently injured, but most studies are survey based, and little is known about surfing injuries that present to emergency departments (EDs). AIMS: This study examines the epidemiology of surfing injuries presenting to US EDs. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed using data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System database from the US Consumer Product Safety Commission from 2002 to 2013...
August 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Matthew J Matava, Simon Görtz
American football has become one of the most popular sports in the United States. Despite the millions of players at all levels of competition who gain the physical, social, and psychological rewards that football provides, many interested stakeholders continue to ask, "Is football safe?" Although there are only approximately 1,700 players on National Football League (NFL) rosters, the injuries they sustain have garnered the most attention-and criticism-from the national media. Increased public awareness of the injury potential football possesses has led to an open debate and a major shift in public sentiment over the past 5 years...
July 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
Tabitha A Cheng, Jeneita M Bell, Tadesse Haileyesus, Julie Gilchrist, David E Sugerman, Victor G Coronado
OBJECTIVE: To describe the circumstances, characteristics, and trends of emergency department (ED) visits for nonfatal, playground-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) among persons aged ≤14 years. METHODS: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System-All Injury Program from January 1, 2001, through December 31, 2013, was examined. US Census bridged-race population estimates were used as the denominator to compute rates per 100 000 population. SAS and Joinpoint linear weighted regression analyses were used to analyze the best-fitting join-point and the annual modeled rate change...
June 2016: Pediatrics
Keith G Hauret, Laura Pacha, Bonnie J Taylor, Bruce H Jones
Disease and nonbattle injury (DNBI) are the leading causes of morbidity during wars and military operations. However, adequate medical data were never before available to service public health centers to conduct DNBI surveillance during deployments. This article describes the process, results and lessons learned from centralized DNBI surveillance by the US Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, predecessor of the US Army Public Health Command, during operations in Afghanistan and Iraq (2001-2013)...
April 2016: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
C E de Putter, E F van Beeck, S Polinder, M J M Panneman, A Burdorf, S E R Hovius, R W Selles
BACKGROUND: Hand and wrist injuries are very common at the Emergency Departments (ED), and among the most costly injury types in the working population. The purpose of this study was to explore the causes of non-trivial hand and wrist injuries (i.e., hand fractures, wrist fractures and complex soft-tissue injuries) in working-age adults in order to identify target areas for prevention. METHODS: Data were extracted from the Dutch Injury Surveillance System, from the National Hospital Discharge Registry and from a patient follow-up survey in working-age adults (aged 20-64 years) in the period 2008-2012...
July 2016: Injury
Karen G Roos, Erin B Wasserman, Sara L Dalton, Aaron Gray, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
AIM: To describe the epidemiology of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) men's and women's soccer injuries during the 2009/2010-2014/2015 academic years. METHODS: This descriptive epidemiology study used NCAA Injury Surveillance Program (NCAA-ISP) data during the 2009/2010-2014/2015 academic years, from 44 men's and 64 women's soccer programmes (104 and 167 team seasons of data, respectively). Non-time-loss injuries were defined as resulting in <24 h lost from sport...
May 17, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Houmehr Hojjat, Peter F Svider, Ho-Sheng Lin, Adam J Folbe, Mahdi A Shkoukani, Jean Anderson Eloy, Giancarlo Zuliani
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To estimate the incidence of patients presenting to emergency departments (EDs) for facial trauma sustained from participation in combat sports and evaluate injury patterns and patient demographics. METHODS: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) was evaluated for facial injuries from wrestling, boxing, and martial arts leading to ED visits from 2008 to 2013. Relevant entries were examined for injury mechanism, location, type, as well as other patient characteristics...
August 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
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