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sports injury surveillance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900171/priorities-for-injury-prevention-in-women-s-australian-football-a-compilation-of-national-data-from-different-sources
#1
Lauren V Fortington, Caroline F Finch
BACKGROUND/AIM: Participation in Australian football (AF) has traditionally been male dominated and current understanding of injury and priorities for prevention are based solely on reports of injuries in male players. There is evidence in other sports that indicates that injury types differ between males and females. With increasing participation in AF by females, it is important to consider their specific injury and prevention needs. This study aimed to provide a first injury profile from existing sources for female AF...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900156/sports-injuries-and-ill-health-episodes-in-the-cali-2013-world-games
#2
Paulo José Llinás, Rafael Fernando Serrano, Laureano Quintero Barrera, Juan Carlos Quiceno Noguera, Juan Pablo Martinez Cano
BACKGROUND: The World Games is a multisport event, second in importance only to the Olympic Games. Systematic surveillance of injuries and ill-health episodes is an essential part of modern integral healthcare given to athletes. AIM: To describe and analyse injuries and ill-health episodes affecting competitors during the Cali World Games 2013. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of injuries and ill-health episodes suffered by competing athletes...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900148/the-efficacy-of-a-movement-control-exercise-programme-to-reduce-injuries-in-youth-rugby-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
M D Hislop, K A Stokes, S Williams, C D McKay, M England, S P T Kemp, G Trewartha
BACKGROUND: Injuries to youth rugby players have become an increasingly prominent health concern, highlighting the importance of developing and implementing appropriate preventive strategies. A growing body of evidence from other youth sports has demonstrated the efficacy of targeted exercise regimens to reduce injury risk. However, studies have yet to investigate the effect of such interventions in youth contact sport populations like rugby union. OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of an evidence-based movement control exercise programme compared with a sham exercise programme to reduce injury risk in youth rugby players...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895518/single-leg-squats-can-predict-leg-alignment-in-dancers-performing-ballet-movements-in-turnout
#4
Luke S Hopper, Nahoko Sato, Andries L Weidemann
The physical assessments used in dance injury surveillance programs are often adapted from the sports and exercise domain. Bespoke physical assessments may be required for dance, particularly when ballet movements involve "turning out" or external rotation of the legs beyond that typically used in sports. This study evaluated the ability of the traditional single-leg squat to predict the leg alignment of dancers performing ballet movements with turnout. Three-dimensional kinematic data of dancers performing the single-leg squat and five ballet movements were recorded and analyzed...
2016: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884864/sports-injuries-and-illnesses-in-the-lillehammer-2016-youth-olympic-winter-games
#5
Kathrin Steffen, Christine Holm Moseid, Lars Engebretsen, Pia K Søberg, Olav Amundsen, Kristian Holm, Thomas Moger, Torbjørn Soligard
BACKGROUND: Injury and illness surveillance during high-level youth sports events is an important first step in health prevention and caretaking of the young elite athletes. AIM: To analyse injuries and illnesses that occurred during the 10 days 2nd Youth Olympic Winter Games (YOG), held in Lillehammer 2016. METHODS: We recorded the daily occurrence (or non-occurrence) of injuries and illnesses through the reporting of (1) all National Olympic Committee (NOC) medical teams and (2) the polyclinic and medical venues by the Lillehammer Organising Committee (LYOCOG) medical staff...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880039/importance-of-external-cause-coding-for-injury-surveillance-lessons-from-assessment-of-overexertion-injuries-among-u-s-army-soldiers-in-2014
#6
Michelle Canham-Chervak, Ryan A Steelman, Anna Schuh, Bruce H Jones
Injuries are a barrier to military medical readiness, and overexertion has historically been a leading mechanism of injury among active duty U.S. Army soldiers. Details are needed to inform prevention planning. The Defense Medical Surveillance System (DMSS) was queried for unique medical encounters among active duty Army soldiers consistent with the military injury definition and assigned an overexertion external cause code (ICD-9: E927.0-E927.9) in 2014 (n=21,891). Most (99.7%) were outpatient visits and 60% were attributed specifically to sudden strenuous movement...
November 2016: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872744/association-between-sports-type-and-overuse-injuries-of-extremities-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Charlène Chéron, Christine Le Scanff, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Sporting activities can cause injuries and overuse injuries of the extremities (OIE) in children have been shown to be more common than injuries caused by trauma. The lower extremity is more frequently affected than the upper extremity in OIE, but it is not known whether injury site and diagnosis vary in different sporting activities. PURPOSE: To identify any differences between sports in relation to diagnoses and anatomical areas most likely to be injured...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806997/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-and-implementation-of-the-boksmart-safe-six-injury-prevention-programme-a-study-protocol
#8
Nicola Sewry, Evert Verhagen, Mike Lambert, Willem van Mechelen, James Brown
BACKGROUND: The injury burden in rugby union ('rugby') is high. While exercise-based injury prevention programmes have successfully reduced injuries in other sports such as football, there is minimal research on this topic in rugby union. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and implementation of an exercise-based intervention (BokSmart Safe Six) in junior rugby players that aims to reduce the injury risk profile and burden of injury. SETTING: 14-16-year-old junior rugby players in two geographically separated locations in South Africa over the 2017 rugby playing season...
November 2, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803617/the-relationship-of-practice-exposure-and-injury-rate-on-game-performance-and-season-success-in-professional-male-basketball
#9
Toni Caparrós, Eduard Alentorn-Geli, Gregory D Myer, Lluís Capdevila, Kristian Samuelsson, Bruce Hamilton, Gil Rodas
The objectives of this study were to determine the relationship among game performance, injury rate, and practice exposure in a professional male basketball team. A retroospective analysis of prospective collected data was conducted over seven consecutive seasons (2007/2008 to 2013/2014). Data collection included sports performance during competition (statistical evaluation), injury rate, and total exposure (games and practices). Over the surveillance period, 162 injuries (91 practice; 71 matches) occurred over 32,668 hours of exposure (556 games and 2005 practices)...
September 2016: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797733/german-translation-and-content-validation-of-the-ostrc-questionnaire-on-overuse-injuries-and-health-problems
#10
A Hirschmüller, K Steffen, K Fassbender, B Clarsen, R Leonhard, L Konstantinidis, N P Südkamp, E J Kubosch
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to translate, culturally adapt and validate the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre (OSTRC) Questionnaire on Health Problems into the German context. METHODS: A slightly modified back-translation method was used to translate the questionnaire. Validation was done in 24 high-level Paralympic athletes followed over 20 consecutive weeks. RESULTS: The translated version of the questionnaire showed a very high internal consistency and good test-retest reliability (Cronbach's α 0...
October 20, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797729/hamstring-injuries-in-elite-gaelic-football-an-8-year-investigation-to-identify-injury-rates-time-loss-patterns-and-players-at-increased-risk
#11
Mark Roe, John C Murphy, Conor Gissane, Catherine Blake
BACKGROUND: Hamstring injuries occur frequently in field sports, yet longitudinal information to guide prevention programmes is missing. AIM: Investigate longitudinal hamstring injury rates and associated time loss in elite Gaelic football, while identifying subgroups of players at increased risk. METHODS: 38 data sets from 15 elite male Gaelic football teams were received by the National Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) Injury Surveillance Database between 2008 and 2015...
October 20, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621412/soccer-related-injuries-treated-in-emergency-departments-1990-2014
#12
Nicholas A Smith, Thiphalak Chounthirath, Huiyun Xiang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemiology of youth soccer-related injuries treated in emergency departments in the United States. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of soccer-related injuries among children 7 through 17 years of age from 1990 through 2014 with data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System. Injury rates were calculated from soccer participation data. RESULTS: An estimated 2 995 765 (95% confidence interval [CI], 2 309 112-3 682 418) children 7 through 17 years old were treated in US emergency departments for soccer-related injuries during the 25-year study period, averaging 119 831 (95% CI, 92 364-147 297) annually...
September 12, 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573356/the-epidemiology-of-lateral-ligament-complex-ankle-sprains-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-sports
#13
Karen G Roos, Zachary Y Kerr, Timothy C Mauntel, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Erik A Wickstrom
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprains are a common injury in collegiate sports. Few studies have examined the epidemiology of individual ligament injuries, specifically the lateral ligament complex (LLC) of the ankle. PURPOSE: To describe the epidemiology, including the estimated yearly national incidence, of LLC sprains among National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. METHODS: Injury surveillance data for 25 sports from the NCAA Injury Surveillance Program (NCAA-ISP) for the academic years 2009-2010 to 2014-2015 were used for analysis...
August 29, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556918/masking-in-reports-of-most-serious-events-bias-in-estimators-of-sports-injury-incidence-in-canadian-children
#14
A Gupta, C M Davidson, M A McIsaac
INTRODUCTION: Surveys that collect information on injuries often focus on the single "most serious" event to help limit recall error and reduce survey length. However, this can mask less serious injuries and result in biased incidence estimates for specific injury subcategories. METHODS: Data from the 2002 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey and from the Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (CHIRPP) were used to compare estimates of sports injury incidence in Canadian children...
August 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511792/increasing-lower-extremity-injury-rates-across-the-2009-2010-to-2014-2015-seasons-of-national-collegiate-athletic-association-football-an-unintended-consequence-of-the-targeting-rule-used-to-prevent-concussions
#15
Robert W Westermann, Zachary Y Kerr, Peter Wehr, Annuziato Amendola
BACKGROUND: Sports-related concussions (SRCs) have gained increased societal interest in the past decade. The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) has implemented legislation and rule changes to decrease the incidence and risk of head injury impacts. The "targeting" rule forbids initiating contact with the crown of a helmet and targeting defenseless players in the head and neck area; however, there are concerns that this rule change has unintentionally led to an increased incidence of lower extremity injuries...
December 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497467/using-the-public-health-model-to-address-unintentional-injuries-and-tbi-a-perspective-from-the-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-cdc
#16
Grant Baldwin, Matt Breiding, David Sleet
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can have long term effects on mental and physical health, and can disrupt vocational, educational, and social functioning. TBIs can range from mild to severe and their effects can last many years after the initial injury. CDC seeks to reduce the burden of TBI from unintentional injuries through a focus on primary prevention, improved recognition and management, and intervening to improve health outcomes after TBI. CDC uses a 4-stage public health model to guide TBI prevention, moving from 1) surveillance of TBI, 2) identification of risk and protective factors for TBI, 3) development and testing of evidence-based interventions, to 4) bringing effective intervention to scale through widespread adoption...
June 30, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452853/medical-care-and-injury-surveillance-in-the-high-school-setting
#17
J G Garrick, R Requa
In brief: To avoid the bias of injury studies based only on coaches' perceptions, four athletic trainers served in high schools in a two-year study to identify and evaluate all injuries resulting from athletic participation. There were 1,181 injuries in 3,049 participants in 19 sports. Sprains and strains accounted for two thirds of the injuries, and the most common injury was the ankle sprain. Thirty-nine percent of injuries were evaluated by a physician, and 25 injuries required hospitalization. The athletic trainers probably increased physician visits and x-ray examinations and sensitized the schools to the need for injury prevention, recognition, treatment, and rehabilitation...
February 1981: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428676/epidemiology-of-chest-rib-thoracic-spine-and-abdomen-injuries-among-united-states-high-school-athletes-2005-06-to-2013-14
#18
Bernadette K Johnson, R Dawn Comstock
OBJECTIVE: Describe chest and abdominal injury epidemiology among US high school athletes. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of longitudinal surveillance data. SETTING: Injury data from 2005/06 to 2013/14 academic years were collected using an internet-based surveillance system. PARTICIPANTS: A large sample of US high schools. ASSESSMENT OF RISK FACTORS: Injuries sustained as a function of sport. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Chest, rib, thoracic spine, and abdominal injuries sustained during high school athletic events...
July 15, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27404310/injury-rates-in-a-national-sample-of-college-football-teams-a-2-year-prospective-study
#19
E D Zemper
In brief: The National Sports Injury Surveillance System collected data during the 1986 and 1987 playing seasons from a national sample of 6,229 college football players. The overall injury rate for the two seasons was 6.32/1,000 athlete-exposures, or 45.27/100 athletes. Offensive players incurred more injuries than defensive players. The knee and ankle were the most common injury sites, and sprains were the most common injury. Injuries during games occurred most frequently in the third quarter and least often in the first quarter...
November 1989: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27354717/improving-the-accuracy-of-sports-medicine-surveillance-when-is-a-subsequent-event-a-new-injury
#20
Ian Shrier, Ben Clarsen, Evert Verhagen, Kerry Gordon, Jay Mellette
The recent increased use of injury and illness surveillance programmes has the potential to greatly advance our knowledge about risk factors and treatment effectiveness. Maximising this potential requires that data be entered in a format that can be interpreted and analysed. One remaining challenge concerns whether and when an increase in symptoms should be documented within an existing injury record (eg, exacerbation) versus a new injury record. In this review, we address this challenge using the principles of the multistate framework for the analysis of subsequent injury in sport (M-FASIS)...
June 28, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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