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Sialolithiasis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036000/unilateral-submandibular-gland-atrophy-and-sialolithiasis-diagnosed-on-99mtc-mibi-spect-ct-in-a-patient-with-primary-hyperparathyroidism
#1
Puskar Pattanayak, Prasanna Santhanam, Mehrbod Som Javadi, Lilja B Solnes, Steven P Rowe
A variety of sequelae of elevated calcium levels are encountered in patients with underlying primary hyperparathyroidism, including stone formation such as calculi in the urinary tract and sialoliths in the salivary glands and ducts. We present a case of a 54-year-old woman with fatigue, myalgia, and poor concentration who was found to have hypercalcemia (corrected calcium, 11.2 mg/dL) and elevated parathyroid hormone level (112 pg/mL), laboratory values consistent with primary hyperparathyroidism. She underwent evaluation with a Tc-MIBI parathyroid SPECT scan that included x-ray CT acquisitions for anatomical localization and attenuation correction...
October 13, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035699/risk-factors-for-complications-of-intraoral-removal-of-submandibular-sialoliths
#2
Sung Hwa Dong, Seok Hyun Kim, Jeon Gang Doo, Ah Ra Jung, Young Chan Lee, Young-Gyu Eun
PURPOSE: Intraoral removal of submandibular sialoliths is a surgical technique for the treatment of sialolithiasis and is reported to have excellent outcomes. The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors leading to complications of this procedure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The medical records of 200 patients who had undergone intraoral removal of sialoliths from January 2006 through June 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. A telephone survey was used to check postoperative symptoms...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026477/giant-submandibular-calculus-eroding-oral-cavity-mucosa
#3
Eng Haw Lim, Sanjeevan Nadarajah, Irfan Mohamad
Sialolithiasis is the formation of calculi or sialoliths in the salivary gland. It is the most common benign condition of the salivary gland. Sialolithiasis can occur in all salivary glands. The submandibular gland is most commonly affected followed by the parotid gland. Calculi commonly measure less than 10 mm. Calculi of more than 15 mm are termed giant salivary gland calculi and are infrequently reported in the literature. Here, we report a case of unusually large submandibular gland calculus of 5 cm in greatest dimension which caused erosion of the oral cavity...
September 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935124/treatment-outcomes-of-sialendoscopy-for-submandibular-gland-sialolithiasis-the-minor-axis-of-the-sialolith-is-a-regulative-factor-for-the-removal-of-sialoliths-in-the-hilum-of-the-submandibular-gland-using-sialendoscopy-alone
#4
Norio Kondo, Toshio Yoshihara, Yukie Yamamura, Kaoru Kusama, Eri Sakitani, Yukako Seo, Mayako Tachikawa, Keiko Kujirai, Erika Ono, Yasuyo Maeda, Tomohito Nojima, Akiko Tamiya, Emiri Sato, Manabu Nonaka
OBJECTIVE: To assess the general guidelines for the removal of sialoliths for submandibular gland sialolithiasis using sialendoscopy alone. METHODS: We analyzed 61 sialoliths treated using sialendoscopy in 42 patients with submandibular gland sialolithiasis. We evaluated the submandibular gland sialoliths and divided each case based upon the location: the Wharton's duct or the hilum. We measured the major and minor axes of the sialoliths using a soft tissue computed-tomography (CT) scan and evaluated the removal rate of the sialoliths using sialendoscopy alone...
September 18, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895432/intraductal-laser-fiber-tip-fracture-and-retrieval-during-sialendoscopic-laser-assisted-lithotripsy
#5
Andrew J Goates, Raymond W Kung, Chad R Tracy, Henry T Hoffman
Fragmentation of flexible laser fiber tips has been reported to occur during therapeutic bronchoscopy and urologic stone treatment. We report fragmentation of 200-µm single-use silica-based fibers during sialendoscopy-controlled Holmium:YAG laser treatment of a parotid and a submandibular stone. The technique employed to successfully retrieve the fiber tips is described in the context of identifying this potential complication from endoscopic management of sialolithiasis.
September 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838906/the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-contrast-enhanced-ct-of-the-neck-for-the-investigation-of-sialolithiasis
#6
Y M Purcell, R G Kavanagh, A M Cahalane, A G Carroll, S G Khoo, R P Killeen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Sialolithiasis is a common benign pathology affecting the salivary glands but it is unclear if contrast-enhanced CT, which is commonly used for investigation of head and neck pathology, can identify calculi as accurately as noncontrast CT. The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of contrast-enhanced CT of the neck in the diagnosis of sialolithiasis compared with noncontrast CT of the neck used as the criterion standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective, case-control study of 92 consecutive cases in 90 patients who underwent both noncontrast CT of the neck and contrast-enhanced CT of the neck in 2 tertiary referral centers from January 2011 to December 2015 for investigation of sialolithiasis...
August 24, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828116/chronic-sialadenitis-with-sialolithiasis-associated-with-parapharyngeal-fistula-and-tonsillolith
#7
Bharat A Panuganti, Randall L Baldassarre, Julie Bykowski, Jacob Husseman
Sialolithiasis is a common salivary pathology, suggested to affect over 1% of the population by postmortem studies. An uncommon complication of sialadenitis and sialolithiasis is the formation of fistulous tracts to other cervicofacial compartments. Submandibular gland sialocutaneous and sialo-oral fistulae have been sparsely described, but a sialo-pharyngeal fistula manifesting as a tonsillolith has yet to be described. We present an unusual case of a 35-year-old male presenting with recalcitrant neck pain and a presumed tonsillolith in the background of chronic submandibular sialadenitis, subsequently demonstrating a salivary fistula through the parapharyngeal space...
September 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770160/removal-of-submandibular-calculi-by-surgical-method-and-hydraulic-power-with-curved-needle-a-case-report
#8
Seong-Ho Cho, Ji-Deuk Han, Jung-Han Kim, Shi-Hyun Lee, Ji-Bong Jo, Chul-Hoon Kim, Bok-Joo Kim
Sialolithiasis, the most common salivary gland pathology, is caused by calculi in the gland itself and its duct. While patients with small sialoliths can undergo conservative treatment, those with standard-size or larger sialoliths require sialolithotomy. In the present case study, we removed two sialoliths located beneath the mucosa in the posterior and anterior regions of Wharton's duct, respectively. For the posterior calculus, we performed sialolithotomy via an intra-oral approach; thereafter, the small anterior calculus near the duct orifice was removed by hydraulic power...
June 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746326/giant-sialolith-of-submandibular-duct
#9
P Sakthivel, R Yogal, S Singh, P Sharma, C A Singh
Sialolithiasis is one of the most common diseases of salivary glands and commonly involves submandibular gland and ducts. "Giant sialoliths" typically measure more than 15 mm in any dimension. Here, an unusual case of sialolith in submandibular duct is reported which progressed into a giant sialolith in six months' time is reported. A 42-year-old man presented with complaints of recurrent pain and swelling in the right submandibular area. A large stone was palpable intraorally within the Wharton's duct and intra-operatively, an elongated giant sialolith of 50 mm length was found which is the second largest to be published till date...
April 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695783/sialendoscopic-pneumatic-lithotripsy-for-salivary-calculi-a-new-technique-and-a-long-term-clinical-experience
#10
Erhun Serbetci, M Mazhar Celikoyar, Aytug Altundag
We report our results comprising a series of 34 cases of sialolithiasis that were approached sialendoscopically with conventional instruments (ie, basket and/or forceps) and for which stone removal was unsuccessful and so were thereafter treated with pneumatic lithotripsy. Intraductal pneumatic lithotripsy was able to fragment 30 of 34 (88%) salivary calculi in total. No major complications occurred. All 30 treated glands returned to normal function without any symptoms. We believe that the success of sialendoscopy is closely related to the success of salivary stone fragmentability...
July 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669304/gland-preservation-in-patients-undergoing-sialoendoscopy
#11
Virginie Achim, Tyler J Light, Peter E Andersen
Objective Sialoendoscopy is a minimally invasive technique for the treatment of obstructive sialadenitis. We aim to describe treatment considerations and report our ultimate rate of gland preservation. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Academic tertiary hospital. Subject and Methods A total of 128 consecutive sialoendoscopy cases for obstructive sialadenitis between 2009 and 2015 were evaluated. Procedures included endoscopic stricture dilation, basket-assisted stone retrieval, Holmium laser lithotripsy, and combined endoscopic transoral stone excision...
July 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651858/the-landmark-for-removal-of-sialoliths-using-sialendoscopy-alone-in-parotid-gland-sialolithiasis
#12
Norio Kondo, Toshio Yoshihara, Yukie Yamamura, Kaoru Kusama, Eri Sakitani, Yukako Seo, Mayako Tachikawa, Keiko Kujirai, Erika Ono, Yasuyo Maeda, Tomohito Nojima, Akiko Tamiya, Emiri Sato, Manabu Nonaka
OBJECTIVE: To assess the general guidelines for removal of sialoliths in parotid gland sialolithiasis using sialendoscopy alone. METHODS: We analyzed 34 sialoliths treated using sialendoscopy in 26 patients with parotid gland sialolithiasis. We divided the Stensen's duct and parotid gland into for parts using computed tomography findings: (A) front of the masseter, (B) anterior and lateral to the center (anterolateral) of the masseter, (C) posterior and lateral to the center (posterolateral) of the masseter, (D) behind of the masseter...
June 23, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635577/-an-intraoral-swelling-located-in-the-buccal-mucosa
#13
J Schortinghuis, M Contini
A 69-year-old woman presented with a bony hard swelling inside her left cheek. After clinical and radiographic examination, the diagnosis sialolithiasis of the main duct of the parotid gland was made. Surgical removal relieved her complaints.
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556090/value-of-sonography-in-the-diagnosis-of-sialolithiasis-comparison-with-the-reference-standard-of-direct-stone-identification
#14
Miguel Goncalves, Mirco Schapher, Heinrich Iro, Wolfgang Wuest, Konstantinos Mantsopoulos, Michael Koch
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of sonography for diagnosing sialolithiasis in comparison with the existing reference standard of direct identification of a stone. METHODS: A total of 659 glands with signs of obstructive sialadenopathy were evaluated retrospectively. Sonographic examinations of the large head salivary glands had been performed initially in all cases. Direct depiction of a stone during sialoendoscopy or transoral ductal surgery or observation of stone fragmentation with discharge of concrements after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, was regarded as definitive evidence and as the reference standard for the presence of sialolithiasis...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490396/prognostic-factors-for-therapeutic-sialendoscopy
#15
D Cox, L Chan, D Veivers
OBJECTIVE: To review our experience with therapeutic sialendoscopy in both the submandibular and parotid glands in order to determine prognostic factors and improve successful outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Single-centre, retrospective chart review. METHOD: The medical records of patients who had undergone sialendoscopy for sialolithiasis were reviewed, and demographic details, stone data (location, size, multiplicity, mobility), and operative technique and success were recorded...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483226/pediatric-sialolithiasis-is-not-related-to-oral-or-oropharyngeal-infection-a-population-based-case-control-study-using-the-korean-national-health-insurance-database
#16
Seong Jun Won, Eunkyu Lee, Hee Jung Kim, Hyun-Kyung Oh, Han-Sin Jeong
OBJECTIVES: Poor oral hygiene is one of the risk factors for sialolithiasis particularly in adults; however the etiology of sialolithiasis in pediatric patients remains largely unknown. The purpose of this study is to identify the association between sialolithiasis and the oral/oropharyngeal infections in the pediatric population, as surrogate indicators for oral hygiene and retrograde infections to the affected salivary gland. METHODS: This was a population based case-control study using the Korean National Health Insurance Database...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482450/-clinical-application-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-in-sialolithiasis-diagnosis
#17
REVIEW
Y J Wu, G Li
Diagnosis of sialolithiasis usually needs the combination of clinical and imaging-based examination. The use of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in patients with sialolithiasis has been increasing in dental practice in recent years. CBCT has some advantages in the diagnosis and treatment of sialolithiasis. However, CBCT should not be considered as the first choice for the diagnosis and treatment of sialolithiasis, and it is suitable to be used in the case of complex sialolithiasis which can not be diagnosed by traditional imaging methods...
May 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480577/sialendoscopy-assisted-transfacial-removal-of-parotid-sialoliths-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Lauren T Roland, S Andrew Skillington, M Allison Ogden
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature and conduct a meta-analysis to determine the effectiveness and safety of the combined endoscopic-transfacial approach for parotid sialolith management. DATA SOURCES: PubMed 1946-, Embase 1947-, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Database of Abstracts of Review Effects, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, clinicaltrials.gov, Proquest Dissertations and Theses, and FirstSearch Proceedings to March 2015...
May 7, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468191/sialolithiasis-of-an-accessory-parotid-gland-causing-mid-cheek-pain
#19
Jeong Hong Kim, Min Bum Kim, Suk Won Chang, Ju Wan Kang
A 52-year-old woman presented with a slightly painful swelling of the right cheek area without postprandial aggravation of the symptom last 1 week. On physical examination, an approximately 1.5 cm sized firm, slightly tender mass was palpated on the right mid-cheek region, and she did not show any abnormal findings on neurologic examination. Computed tomography showed a well-enhanced lesion with low density of internal portion in right cheek area, and tiny calcification was noted within internal low-density portion of cheek mass...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457224/accuracy-of-ultrasonography-and-computed-tomography-in-the-evaluation-of-patients-undergoing-sialendoscopy-for-sialolithiasis
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
W Walsh Thomas, Jennifer E Douglas, Christopher H Rassekh
Objective To determine the accuracy of the 2 most utilized imaging modalities in obstructive sialadenitis secondary to sialolithiasis-computed tomography (CT) and ultrasonography (US)-using sialendoscopic findings as a comparison standard. To review the impact of CT and US on the management of sialolithiasis managed with sialendoscopy alone and through combined approaches. Study Design Retrospective cohort study. Setting Quaternary academic referral center. Subjects and Methods All cases of patients undergoing sialendoscopy by a single surgeon for suspected parotid and submandibular gland pathology between the October 2013 and April 2016 were reviewed...
May 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
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