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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330029/association-of-100-fruit-juice-consumption-and-3-year-weight-change-among-postmenopausal-women-in-the-in-the-women-s-health-initiative
#1
Brandon J Auerbach, Alyson J Littman, James Krieger, Bessie A Young, Joseph Larson, Lesley Tinker, Marian L Neuhouser
The association between drinking 100% fruit juice and long-term weight gain is controversial and has been investigated in few studies. We examined whether 100% fruit juice consumption was associated with weight change in a large prospective cohort of postmenopausal women. We analyzed data from 49,106 postmenopausal women in the United States enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative between 1993 and 1998. Food frequency questionnaires at baseline and year 3 assessed food and beverage intake. Body weight was measured at in-person clinic visits...
January 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291172/the-american-college-of-academic-international-medicine-2017-consensus-statement-on-international-medical-programs-establishing-a-system-of-objective-valuation-and-quantitative-metrics-to-facilitate-the-recognition-and-incorporation-of-academic-international
#2
Gregory L Peck, Manish Garg, Bonnie Arquilla, Vicente H Gracias, Harry L Anderson Iii, Andrew C Miller, Bhakti Hansoti, Paula Ferrada, Michael S Firstenberg, Sagar C Galwankar, Ramon E Gist, Donald Jeanmonod, Rebecca Jeanmonod, Elizabeth Krebs, Marian P McDonald, Benedict Nwomeh, James P Orlando, Lorenzo Paladino, Thomas J Papadimos, Robert L Ricca, Joseph V Sakran, Richard P Sharpe, Mamta Swaroop, Stanislaw P Stawicki
The growth of academic international medicine (AIM) as a distinct field of expertise resulted in increasing participation by individual and institutional actors from both high-income and low-and-middle-income countries. This trend resulted in the gradual evolution of international medical programs (IMPs). With the growing number of students, residents, and educators who gravitate toward nontraditional forms of academic contribution, the need arose for a system of formalized metrics and quantitative assessment of AIM- and IMP-related efforts...
October 2017: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248197/significance-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-women-with-uterine-carcinosarcoma
#3
Koji Matsuo, Malcolm S Ross, Dwight D Im, Merieme M Klobocista, Stephen H Bush, Marian S Johnson, Tadao Takano, Erin A Blake, Yuji Ikeda, Masato Nishimura, Yutaka Ueda, Masako Shida, Kosei Hasegawa, Tsukasa Baba, Sosuke Adachi, Takuhei Yokoyama, Shinya Satoh, Hiroko Machida, Shiori Yanai, Keita Iwasaki, Takahito M Miyake, Satoshi Takeuchi, Munetaka Takekuma, Tadayoshi Nagano, Mayu Yunokawa, Tanja Pejovic, Kohei Omatsu, Mian M K Shahzad, Joseph L Kelley, Frederick R Ueland, Lynda D Roman
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for venous thromboembolism (VTE) and to examine the association of VTE and survival in women with uterine carcinosarcoma. METHODS: This multicenter retrospective study examined 906 women who underwent primary surgical treatment for stage I-IV uterine carcinosarcoma. Time-dependent analyses were performed for cumulative incidence of VTE after surgery on multivariate models. RESULTS: There were 72 (7.9%) women who developed VTE after surgery with 1-, 2-, and 5-year cumulative incidences being 5...
December 13, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235958/caring-science-or-science-of-caring
#4
Marian C Turkel, Jean Watson, Joseph Giovannoni
The concepts caring science and science of caring have different meanings; however, they are often used interchangeably. The purpose of this paper is to present an overview of the synthesis of the scholarly literature on the definitions of the science of caring and caring science and to affirm the authors' perspective relating to the language of caring science. Caring science advances the epistemology and ontology of caring. Ideas related to caring science inquiry are presented, and the authors acknowledge the future of caring science as unitary caring science...
January 2018: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128648/a-hypertension-emergency-department-intervention-aimed-at-decreasing-disparities-design-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Heather M Prendergast, Marina Del Rios, Renee Petzel-Gimbar, Daniel Garside, Sara Heinert, Sandra Escobar-Schulz, Pavitra Kotini-Shah, Michael Brown, Jinsong Chen, Joseph Colla, Marian Fitzgibbon, Ramon A Durazo-Arvizu, Martha Daviglus
Effective interventions to identify and treat uncontrolled hypertension (HTN), particularly in underrepresented populations that use the emergency department (ED) for primary care, are critically needed. Uncontrolled HTN contributes significantly to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and is more frequently encountered among patients presenting to the ED as compared to the primary care setting. EDs serve as the point of entry into the health care system for high-risk patient populations, including minority and low-income patients...
November 8, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058705/identification-of-a-gene-expression-signature-associated-with-the-metastasis-suppressor-function-of-nme1-prognostic-value-in-human-melanoma
#6
M Kathryn Leonard, Joseph R McCorkle, Devin E Snyder, Marian Novak, Qingbei Zhang, Amol C Shetty, Anup A Mahurkar, David M Kaetzel
Although NME1 is well known for its ability to suppress metastasis of melanoma, the molecular mechanisms underlying this activity are not completely understood. Herein, we utilized a bioinformatics approach to systematically identify genes whose expression is correlated with the metastasis suppressor function of NME1. This was accomplished through a search for genes that were regulated by NME1, but not by NME1 variants lacking metastasis suppressor activity. This approach identified a number of novel genes, such as ALDOC, CXCL11, LRP1b, and XAGE1 as well as known targets such as NETO2, which were collectively designated as an NME1-Regulated Metastasis Suppressor Signature (MSS)...
October 23, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056442/salvage-chemotherapy-with-taxane-and-platinum-for-women-with-recurrent-uterine-carcinosarcoma
#7
Koji Matsuo, Malcolm S Ross, Mayu Yunokawa, Marian S Johnson, Hiroko Machida, Kohei Omatsu, Merieme M Klobocista, Dwight D Im, Shinya Satoh, Tsukasa Baba, Yuji Ikeda, Stephen H Bush, Kosei Hasegawa, Erin A Blake, Munetaka Takekuma, Masako Shida, Masato Nishimura, Sosuke Adachi, Tanja Pejovic, Satoshi Takeuchi, Takuhei Yokoyama, Yutaka Ueda, Keita Iwasaki, Takahito M Miyake, Shiori Yanai, Tadayoshi Nagano, Tadao Takano, Mian M K Shahzad, Frederick R Ueland, Joseph L Kelley, Lynda D Roman
OBJECTIVE: To examine survival after recurrence (SAR) among women with recurrent uterine carcinosarcoma who received a taxane/platinum doublet as the first-line salvage chemotherapy. METHODS: We retrospectively examined 148 women with recurrent uterine carcinosarcoma who received salvage chemotherapy within a cohort of 906 uterine carcinosarcomas. An independent association of salvage chemotherapy type and SAR was examined with multivariate analysis. RESULTS: There were 71 (48...
December 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044542/survival-outcome-of-women-with-stage-iv-uterine-carcinosarcoma-who-received-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-followed-by-surgery
#8
Koji Matsuo, Marian S Johnson, Dwight D Im, Malcolm S Ross, Stephen H Bush, Mayu Yunokawa, Erin A Blake, Tadao Takano, Merieme M Klobocista, Kosei Hasegawa, Yutaka Ueda, Masako Shida, Tsukasa Baba, Shinya Satoh, Takuhei Yokoyama, Hiroko Machida, Yuji Ikeda, Sosuke Adachi, Takahito M Miyake, Keita Iwasaki, Shiori Yanai, Satoshi Takeuchi, Masato Nishimura, Tadayoshi Nagano, Munetaka Takekuma, Mian M K Shahzad, Tanja Pejovic, Kohei Omatsu, Joseph L Kelley, Frederick R Ueland, Lynda D Roman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To examine survival of women with stage IV uterine carcinosarcoma (UCS) who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by hysterectomy. METHODS: This is a nested case-control study within a retrospective cohort of 1192 UCS cases. Women who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by hysterectomy based-surgery for stage IV UCS (n = 26) were compared to those who had primary hysterectomy-based surgery without neoadjuvant chemotherapy for stage IV UCS (n = 120)...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025028/cohort-profile-pregnancy-and-childhood-epigenetics-pace-consortium
#9
Janine F Felix, Bonnie R Joubert, Andrea A Baccarelli, Gemma C Sharp, Catarina Almqvist, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Hasan Arshad, Nour Baïz, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg, Kelly M Bakulski, Elisabeth B Binder, Luigi Bouchard, Carrie V Breton, Bert Brunekreef, Kelly J Brunst, Esteban G Burchard, Mariona Bustamante, Leda Chatzi, Monica Cheng Munthe-Kaas, Eva Corpeleijn, Darina Czamara, Dana Dabelea, George Davey Smith, Patrick De Boever, Liesbeth Duijts, Terence Dwyer, Celeste Eng, Brenda Eskenazi, Todd M Everson, Fahimeh Falahi, M Daniele Fallin, Sara Farchi, Mariana F Fernandez, Lu Gao, Tom R Gaunt, Akram Ghantous, Matthew W Gillman, Semira Gonseth, Veit Grote, Olena Gruzieva, Siri E Håberg, Zdenko Herceg, Marie-France Hivert, Nina Holland, John W Holloway, Cathrine Hoyo, Donglei Hu, Rae-Chi Huang, Karen Huen, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Dereje D Jima, Allan C Just, Margaret R Karagas, Robert Karlsson, Wilfried Karmaus, Katerina J Kechris, Juha Kere, Manolis Kogevinas, Berthold Koletzko, Gerard H Koppelman, Leanne K Küpers, Christine Ladd-Acosta, Jari Lahti, Nathalie Lambrechts, Sabine A S Langie, Rolv T Lie, Andrew H Liu, Maria C Magnus, Per Magnus, Rachel L Maguire, Carmen J Marsit, Wendy McArdle, Erik Melén, Phillip Melton, Susan K Murphy, Tim S Nawrot, Lorenza Nisticò, Ellen A Nohr, Björn Nordlund, Wenche Nystad, Sam S Oh, Emily Oken, Christian M Page, Patrice Perron, Göran Pershagen, Costanza Pizzi, Michelle Plusquin, Katri Raikkonen, Sarah E Reese, Eva Reischl, Lorenzo Richiardi, Susan Ring, Ritu P Roy, Peter Rzehak, Greet Schoeters, David A Schwartz, Sylvain Sebert, Harold Snieder, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Anne P Starling, Jordi Sunyer, Jack A Taylor, Henning Tiemeier, Vilhelmina Ullemar, Marina Vafeiadi, Marinus H Van Ijzendoorn, Judith M Vonk, Annette Vriens, Martine Vrijheid, Pei Wang, Joseph L Wiemels, Allen J Wilcox, Rosalind J Wright, Cheng-Jian Xu, Zongli Xu, Ivana V Yang, Paul Yousefi, Hongmei Zhang, Weiming Zhang, Shanshan Zhao, Golareh Agha, Caroline L Relton, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Stephanie J London
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888824/associations-of-100-fruit-juice-versus-whole-fruit-with-hypertension-and-diabetes-risk-in-postmenopausal-women-results-from-the-women-s-health-initiative
#10
Brandon J Auerbach, Alyson J Littman, Lesley Tinker, Joseph Larson, James Krieger, Bessie Young, Marian Neuhouser
The objective of this study was to determine whether consumption of 100% fruit juice as compared to whole fruit is associated with increased risk of hypertension or diabetes. We analyzed postmenopausal women in the United States enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative between 1993 and 1998. Whole fruit and 100% fruit juice intake were assessed by baseline food frequency questionnaire. Standardized questionnaires assessed outcomes every 6-12months during a mean 7.8years of follow-up. Cox regression estimated hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for incident hypertension (n=36,314 incident cases/80,539 total participants) and diabetes (n=11,488 incident cases/114,219 total participants)...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813417/cmtm6-maintains-the-expression-of-pd-l1-and-regulates-anti-tumour-immunity
#11
Marian L Burr, Christina E Sparbier, Yih-Chih Chan, James C Williamson, Katherine Woods, Paul A Beavis, Enid Y N Lam, Melissa A Henderson, Charles C Bell, Sabine Stolzenburg, Omer Gilan, Stuart Bloor, Tahereh Noori, David W Morgens, Michael C Bassik, Paul J Neeson, Andreas Behren, Phillip K Darcy, Sarah-Jane Dawson, Ilia Voskoboinik, Joseph A Trapani, Jonathan Cebon, Paul J Lehner, Mark A Dawson
Cancer cells exploit the expression of the programmed death-1 (PD-1) ligand 1 (PD-L1) to subvert T-cell-mediated immunosurveillance. The success of therapies that disrupt PD-L1-mediated tumour tolerance has highlighted the need to understand the molecular regulation of PD-L1 expression. Here we identify the uncharacterized protein CMTM6 as a critical regulator of PD-L1 in a broad range of cancer cells, by using a genome-wide CRISPR-Cas9 screen. CMTM6 is a ubiquitously expressed protein that binds PD-L1 and maintains its cell surface expression...
September 7, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717716/breast-cancer-and-african-ancestry-lessons-learned-at-the-10-year-anniversary-of-the-ghana-michigan-research-partnership-and-international-breast-registry
#12
Evelyn Jiagge, Joseph Kwaku Oppong, Jessica Bensenhaver, Francis Aitpillah, Kofi Gyan, Ishmael Kyei, Ernest Osei-Bonsu, Ernest Adjei, Michael Ohene-Yeboah, Kathy Toy, Karen Eubanks Jackson, Marian Akpaloo, Dorcas Acheampong, Beatrice Antwi, Faustina Obeng Agyeman, Zainab Alhassan, Linda Ahenkorah Fondjo, Osei Owusu-Afriyie, Robert Newman Brewer, Amma Gyamfuah, Barbara Salem, Timothy Johnson, Max Wicha, Sofia Merajver, Celina Kleer, Judy Pang, Emmanuel Amankwaa-Frempong, Azadeh Stark, Francis Abantanga, Lisa Newman, Baffour Awuah
Women with African ancestry in western, sub-Saharan Africa and in the United States represent a population subset facing an increased risk of being diagnosed with biologically aggressive phenotypes of breast cancer that are negative for the estrogen receptor, the progesterone receptor, and the HER2/neu marker. These tumors are commonly referred to as triple-negative breast cancer. Disparities in breast cancer incidence and outcome related to racial or ethnic identity motivated the establishment of the International Breast Registry, on the basis of partnerships between the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital in Kumasi, Ghana, the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and the Henry Ford Health System in Detroit, Michigan...
October 2016: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391439/one-anastomosis-gastric-bypass-first-407-patients-in-1%C3%A2-year
#13
Yonatan Lessing, Niv Pencovich, Marian Khatib, Shai Meron-Eldar, Joseph Koriansky, Subhi Abu-Abeid
BACKGROUND: One-anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB) is a promising laparoscopic procedure with various benefits including shorter operating times and less operative complications. That said, it is yet to gain widespread acceptance. Here, we describe our first-year experience with OAGB in our department, in particular the safety and efficacy of this procedure. METHODS: This study is a retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent OAGB between March 2015 and March 2016 by our bariatric surgery unit...
October 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333861/vouchers-for-future-kidney-transplants-to-overcome-chronological-incompatibility-between-living-donors-and-recipients
#14
Jeffrey L Veale, Alexander M Capron, Nima Nassiri, Gabriel Danovitch, H Albin Gritsch, Amy Waterman, Joseph Del Pizzo, Jim C Hu, Marek Pycia, Suzanne McGuire, Marian Charlton, Sandip Kapur
BACKGROUND: The waiting list for kidney transplantation is long. The creation of "vouchers" for future kidney transplants enables living donation to occur when optimal for the donor and transplantation to occur later, when and if needed by the recipient. METHODS: The donation of a kidney at a time that is optimal for the donor generates a "voucher" that only a specified recipient may redeem later when needed. The voucher provides the recipient with priority in being matched with a living donor from the end of a future transplantation chain...
September 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333769/incidence-of-low-seroimmunity-to-hepatitis-b-virus-in-children-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#15
Abhishek Watts, William E Bennett, Jean P Molleston, Sandeep K Gupta, Joseph M Croffie, Shamaila Waseem, Brian A McFerron, Steven J Steiner, Sanjay Kumar, Charles P Vanderpool, Emily C Hon, Molly A Bozic, Girish C Subbarao, Marian D Pfefferkorn
OBJECTIVES: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) often receive immunosuppressive therapy, which may make them vulnerable to infections such as hepatitis B. We hypothesized that hepatitis B virus titers are low in the vaccinated pediatric population with IBD. The aims of our study were to identify the incidence of lower titers of hepatitis B surface antibody (HBsAb) and determine which patient factors may be associated with lower HBsAb titers. METHODS: Patients with diagnosis of IBD, ages 5 to 18 years, were prospectively enrolled...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297082/blood-product-utilization-in-human-upper-extremity-transplantation-challenges-complications-considerations-and-transfusion-protocol-conception
#16
Jay S Raval, Vijay S Gorantla, Jaimie T Shores, W P Andrew Lee, Raymond M Planinsic, Marian A Rollins-Raval, Gerald Brandacher, Karen E King, Joseph E Losee, Joseph E Kiss
BACKGROUND: Upper-extremity transplantation (UET) is a reality. Immunologic, functional, and graft survival outcomes have been encouraging. However, these complex reconstructions have unique considerations that pose distinct challenges. Transplant programs have reported morbidity and mortality due to significant intraoperative blood losses, but similar data are scant during other phases of recovery. We report experience from two centers on complete blood component demands and utilization with UET...
March 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215838/impact-of-adjuvant-therapy-on-recurrence-patterns-in-stage-i-uterine-carcinosarcoma
#17
Koji Matsuo, Kohei Omatsu, Malcolm S Ross, Marian S Johnson, Mayu Yunokawa, Merieme M Klobocista, Dwight D Im, Stephen H Bush, Yutaka Ueda, Tadao Takano, Erin A Blake, Kosei Hasegawa, Tsukasa Baba, Masako Shida, Shinya Satoh, Takuhei Yokoyama, Hiroko Machida, Sosuke Adachi, Yuji Ikeda, Keita Iwasaki, Takahito M Miyake, Shiori Yanai, Masato Nishimura, Tadayoshi Nagano, Munetaka Takekuma, Satoshi Takeuchi, Tanja Pejovic, Mian Mk Shahzad, Frederick R Ueland, Joseph L Kelley, Lynda D Roman
BACKGROUND: To examine recurrence patterns in women with stage I uterine carcinosarcoma (UCS) stratified by adjuvant therapy pattern. METHODS: We examined 443 cases of stage I UCS derived from a retrospective cohort of 1192 UCS cases from 26 institutions. Adjuvant therapy patterns after primary hysterectomy-based surgery were correlated to recurrence patterns. RESULTS: The most common adjuvant therapy was chemotherapy alone (41.5%) followed by chemotherapy/radiotherapy (15...
April 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209138/using-whole-genome-sequencing-to-investigate-transmission-in-a-multi-host-system-bovine-tuberculosis-in-new-zealand
#18
Joseph Crispell, Ruth N Zadoks, Simon R Harris, Brent Paterson, Desmond M Collins, Geoffrey W de-Lisle, Paul Livingstone, Mark A Neill, Roman Biek, Samantha J Lycett, Rowland R Kao, Marian Price-Carter
BACKGROUND: Bovine tuberculosis (bTB), caused by Mycobacterium bovis, is an important livestock disease raising public health and economic concerns around the world. In New Zealand, a number of wildlife species are implicated in the spread and persistence of bTB in cattle populations, most notably the brushtail possum (Trichosurus vulpecula). Whole Genome Sequenced (WGS) M. bovis isolates sourced from infected cattle and wildlife across New Zealand were analysed. Bayesian phylogenetic analyses were conducted to estimate the substitution rate of the sampled population and investigate the role of wildlife...
February 16, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188747/high-incidence-of-celiac-disease-in-a-long-term-study-of-adolescents-with-susceptibility-genotypes
#19
Edwin Liu, Fran Dong, Anna E Barón, Iman Taki, Jill M Norris, Brigitte I Frohnert, Edward J Hoffenberg, Marian Rewers
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Little is known about the incidence of celiac disease in the general population of children in the United States. We aimed to estimate the cumulative incidence of celiac disease in adolescents born in the Denver metropolitan area. METHODS: We collected data on HLA-DR, DQ genotypes of 31,766 infants, born from 1993 through 2004 at St. Joseph's Hospital in Denver, from the Diabetes Autoimmunity Study in the Young. Subjects with susceptibility genotypes for celiac disease and type 1 diabetes were followed up for up to 20 years for development of tissue transglutaminase autoantibodies (tTGA)...
May 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173628/designing-ecological-climate-change-impact-assessments-to-reflect-key-climatic-drivers
#20
REVIEW
Helen R Sofaer, Joseph J Barsugli, Catherine S Jarnevich, John T Abatzoglou, Marian K Talbert, Brian W Miller, Jeffrey T Morisette
Identifying the climatic drivers of an ecological system is a key step in assessing its vulnerability to climate change. The climatic dimensions to which a species or system is most sensitive - such as means or extremes - can guide methodological decisions for projections of ecological impacts and vulnerabilities. However, scientific workflows for combining climate projections with ecological models have received little explicit attention. We review Global Climate Model (GCM) performance along different dimensions of change and compare frameworks for integrating GCM output into ecological models...
July 2017: Global Change Biology
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