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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879184/hsp78-78-kda-heat-shock-protein-a-representative-aaa-family-member-found-in-the-mitochondrial-matrix-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#1
REVIEW
Josielle Abrahão, David Z Mokry, Carlos H I Ramos
ATPases associated with diverse cellular activities (AAA+) form a superfamily of proteins involved in a variety of functions and are characterized by the presence of an ATPase module containing two conserved motifs known as Walker A and Walker B. ClpB and Hsp104, chaperones that have disaggregase activities, are members of a subset of this superfamily, known as the AAA family, and are characterized by the presence of a second highly conserved motif, known as the second region of homology (SRH). Hsp104 and its homolog Hsp78 (78 kDa heat shock protein) are representatives of the Clp family in yeast...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873066/preliminary-study-of-the-association-between-the-elimination-parameters-of-phenytoin-and-phenobarbital
#2
Janthima Methaneethorn, Duangchit Panomvana, Thaveechai Vachirayonstien
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic drug monitoring is essential for both phenytoin and phenobarbital therapy given their narrow therapeutic indexes. Nevertheless, the measurement of either phenytoin or phenobarbital concentrations might not be available in some rural hospitals. Information assisting individualized phenytoin and phenobarbital combination therapy is important. This study's objective was to determine the relationship between the maximum rate of metabolism of phenytoin (Vmax) and phenobarbital clearance (CLPB), which can serve as a guide to individualized drug therapy...
September 5, 2017: Drug Metabolism and Personalized Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819163/fusion-protein-analysis-reveals-the-precise-regulation-between-hsp70-and-hsp100-during-protein-disaggregation
#3
Sayaka Hayashi, Yosuke Nakazaki, Kei Kagii, Hiromi Imamura, Yo-Hei Watanabe
ClpB, a bacterial Hsp100, is a ring-shaped AAA+ chaperone that can reactivate aggregated proteins in cooperation with DnaK, a bacterial Hsp70, and its co-factors. ClpB subunits comprise two AAA+ modules with an interstitial rod-shaped M-domain. The M-domain regulates ClpB ATPase activity and interacts directly with the DnaK nucleotide-binding domain (NBD). Here, to clarify how these functions contribute to the disaggregation process, we constructed ClpB, DnaK, and aggregated YFP fusion proteins in various combinations...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798962/structural-pathway-of-regulated-substrate-transfer-and-threading-through-an-hsp100-disaggregase
#4
Célia Deville, Marta Carroni, Kamila B Franke, Maya Topf, Bernd Bukau, Axel Mogk, Helen R Saibil
Refolding aggregated proteins is essential in combating cellular proteotoxic stress. Together with Hsp70, Hsp100 chaperones, including Escherichia coli ClpB, form a powerful disaggregation machine that threads aggregated polypeptides through the central pore of tandem adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) rings. To visualize protein disaggregation, we determined cryo-electron microscopy structures of inactive and substrate-bound ClpB in the presence of adenosine 5'-O-(3-thiotriphosphate), revealing closed AAA+ rings with a pronounced seam...
August 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767525/comparison-of-lower-limb-and-back-exercises-for-runners-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#5
Congcong Cai, Yifan Yang, Pui W Kong
INTRODUCTION: This single-blind randomized trial was conducted to compare the treatment effect of lower limb (LL) exercises versus conventional lumbar extensor (LE) and lumbar stabilization (LS) exercises in recreational runners with chronic low back pain (cLBP), since there is currently no specific protocol for managing runners with cLBP. METHODS: 84 recreational runners with cLBP were allocated to three exercise groups (LL, LE, LS) for an 8-week intervention. Outcome measures included self-rated pain and running capability, lower limb strength, back muscles function, and running gait...
July 31, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754725/genome-wide-analysis-of-the-first-sequenced-mycoplasma-capricolum-subsp-capripneumoniae-strain-m1601
#6
Shengli Chen, Huafang Hao, Ping Zhao, François Thiaucourt, Ying He, Pengcheng Gao, Han Guo, Wenheng Ji, Zhanhui Wang, Zhongxin Lu, Yuefeng Chu, Yongsheng Liu
Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae (Mccp) is a common pathogen of goats that causes contagious caprine pleuropneumonia. We closed the gap and corrected rRNA operons in the draft genome of Mccp M1601: a strain isolated from an infected goat in a farm in Gansu, China. The genome size of M1601 is 1,016,707 bp with a GC content of 23.67%. We identified 915 genes (occupying 90.27% of the genome), of which 713 are protein-coding genes (excluding 163 pseudogenes). No genomic islands and complete insertion sequences were found in the genome...
September 7, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700685/characterization-of-the-molecular-chaperone-clpb-from-the-pathogenic-spirochaete-leptospira-interrogans
#7
Joanna Krajewska, Anna Modrak-Wójcik, Zbigniew J Arent, Daniel Więckowski, Michal Zolkiewski, Agnieszka Bzowska, Sabina Kędzierska-Mieszkowska
Leptospira interrogans is a spirochaete responsible for leptospirosis in mammals. The molecular mechanisms of the Leptospira virulence remain mostly unknown. Recently, it has been demonstrated that an AAA+ chaperone ClpB (a member of the Hsp100 family) from L. interrogans (ClpBLi) is not only essential for survival of Leptospira under the thermal and oxidative stresses, but also during infection of a host. The aim of this study was to provide further insight into the role of ClpB in the pathogenic spirochaetes and explore its biochemical properties...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693754/a-comprehensive-analysis-of-mitochondrial-genes-variants-and-their-association-with-antipsychotic-induced-weight-gain
#8
Kirti Mittal, Vanessa F Gonçalves, Ricardo Harripaul, Ari B Cuperfain, Brandi Rollins, Arun K Tiwari, Clement C Zai, Malgorzata Maciukiewicz, Daniel J Müller, Marquis P Vawter, James L Kennedy
Antipsychotic Induced Weight Gain (AIWG) is a common and severe side effect of many antipsychotic medications. Mitochondria play a vital role for whole-body energy homeostasis and there is increasing evidence that antipsychotics modulate mitochondrial function. This study aimed to examine the role of variants in nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes and the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in conferring risk for AIWG. We selected 168 European-Caucasian individuals from the CATIE sample based upon meeting criteria of multiple weight measures while taking selected antipsychotics (risperidone, quetiapine or olanzapine)...
September 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687938/a-scoring-system-predicting-the-clinical-course-of-clpb-defect-based-on-the-foetal-and-neonatal-presentation-of-31-patients
#9
Ewa Pronicka, Mariola Ropacka-Lesiak, Joanna Trubicka, Magdalena Pajdowska, Markus Linke, Elsebet Ostergaard, Carol Saunders, Sandra Horsch, Clara van Karnebeek, Joy Yaplito-Lee, Felix Distelmaier, Katrin Õunap, Shamima Rahman, Martin Castelle, John Kelleher, Safa Baris, Katarzyna Iwanicka-Pronicka, Colin G Steward, Elżbieta Ciara, Saskia B Wortmann
Recently, CLPB deficiency has been shown to cause a genetic syndrome with cataracts, neutropenia, and 3-methylglutaconic aciduria. Surprisingly, the neurological presentation ranges from completely unaffected to patients with virtual absence of development. Muscular hypo- and hypertonia, movement disorder and progressive brain atrophy are frequently reported. We present the foetal, peri- and neonatal features of 31 patients, of which five are previously unreported, using a newly developed clinical severity scoring system rating the clinical, metabolic, imaging and other findings weighted by the age of onset...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663823/sequencing-a-piece-of-history-complete-genome-sequence-of-the-original-escherichia-coli-strain
#10
Karl A Dunne, Roy R Chaudhuri, Amanda E Rossiter, Irene Beriotto, Douglas F Browning, Derrick Squire, Adam F Cunningham, Jeffrey A Cole, Nicholas Loman, Ian R Henderson
In 1885, Theodor Escherich first described the Bacillus coli commune, which was subsequently renamed Escherichia coli. We report the complete genome sequence of this original strain (NCTC 86). The 5 144 392 bp circular chromosome encodes the genes for 4805 proteins, which include antigens, virulence factors, antimicrobial-resistance factors and secretion systems, of a commensal organism from the pre-antibiotic era. It is located in the E. coli A subgroup and is closely related to E. coli K-12 MG1655. E...
March 2017: Microbial Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621333/francisella-requires-dynamic-type-vi-secretion-system-and-clpb-to-deliver-effectors-for-phagosomal-escape
#11
Maj Brodmann, Roland F Dreier, Petr Broz, Marek Basler
Francisella tularensis is an intracellular pathogen that causes the fatal zoonotic disease tularaemia. Critical for its pathogenesis is the ability of the phagocytosed bacteria to escape into the cell cytosol. For this, the bacteria use a non-canonical type VI secretion system (T6SS) encoded on the Francisella pathogenicity island (FPI). Here we show that in F. novicida T6SS assembly initiates at the bacterial poles both in vitro and within infected macrophages. T6SS dynamics and function depends on the general purpose ClpB unfoldase, which specifically colocalizes with contracted sheaths and is required for their disassembly...
June 16, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611991/substrate-discrimination-by-clpb-and-hsp104
#12
Danielle M Johnston, Marika Miot, Joel R Hoskins, Sue Wickner, Shannon M Doyle
ClpB of E. coli and yeast Hsp104 are homologous molecular chaperones and members of the AAA+ (ATPases Associated with various cellular Activities) superfamily of ATPases. They are required for thermotolerance and function in disaggregation and reactivation of aggregated proteins that form during severe stress conditions. ClpB and Hsp104 collaborate with the DnaK or Hsp70 chaperone system, respectively, to dissolve protein aggregates both in vivo and in vitro. In yeast, the propagation of prions depends upon Hsp104...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611990/structure-and-function-of-p97-and-pex1-6-type-ii-aaa-complexes
#13
REVIEW
Paul Saffert, Cordula Enenkel, Petra Wendler
Protein complexes of the Type II AAA+ (ATPases associated with diverse cellular activities) family are typically hexamers of 80-150 kDa protomers that harbor two AAA+ ATPase domains. They form double ring assemblies flanked by associated domains, which can be N-terminal, intercalated or C-terminal to the ATPase domains. Most prominent members of this family include NSF (N-ethyl-maleimide sensitive factor), p97/VCP (valosin-containing protein), the Pex1/Pex6 complex and Hsp104 in eukaryotes and ClpB in bacteria...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577028/ketones-2-heptanone-2-nonanone-and-2-undecanone-inhibit-dnak-dependent-refolding-of-heat-inactivated-bacterial-luciferases-in-escherichia-coli-cells-lacking-small-chaperon-ibpb
#14
Olga E Melkina, Inessa A Khmel, Vladimir A Plyuta, Olga A Koksharova, Gennadii B Zavilgelsky
Many bacteria, fungi, and plants produce volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted to the environment. Bacterial VOCs play an important role in interactions between microorganisms and in bacterial-plant interactions. Here, we show that such VOCs as ketones 2-heptanone, 2-nonanone, and 2-undecanone inhibit the DnaKJE-ClpB bichaperone dependent refolding of heat-inactivated bacterial luciferases. The inhibitory activity of ketones had highest effect in Escherichia coli ibpB::kan cells lacking small chaperone IbpB...
June 3, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455762/expression-of-the-stress-response-regulators-ctsr-and-hrca-in-the-uropathogen-staphylococcus-saprophyticus-during-heat-shock
#15
Ciro César Rossi, Lorayne Lauria de Oliveira, Deivid de Carvalho Rodrigues, Turán Peter Ürményi, Marinella Silva Laport, Marcia Giambiagi-deMarval
The uropathogen Staphylococcus saprophyticus is an ubiquitous bacterium but little is known about mechanisms that allow its persistence in diverse environments. Here we evaluated S. saprophyticus growth and survival during heat shock, the expression of stress response regulators ctsR and hrcA through qRT-PCR and heat shock protein synthesis through (35)S-Met metabolic labeling. S. saprophyticus does not tolerate temperatures much higher than the optimal 37 °C, as its growth is greatly affected at 42 °C, though viability is maintained up to 48 °C...
August 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379056/a-randomized-trial-to-determine-the-duration-of-analgesia-following-a-15-and-a-30-minute-application-of-acupuncture-like-tens-on-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#16
Yannick Tousignant-Laflamme, Claudia Laroche, Christine Beaulieu, Ann-Julie Bouchard, Sabrina Boucher, Mélanie Michaud-Létourneau
BACKGROUND: Acupuncture-like TENS (AL-TENS) has been shown to produce prolonged pain relief, but no study has yet investigated its duration on a population suffering from chronic low back pain (CLPB). OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to quantify the duration and magnitude of analgesia induced by a 15- or 30-minute application of AL-TENS. METHODOLOGY: We recruited a sample of 11 participants presenting with CLBP and conducted a randomized, crossover study, where participants were given AL-TENS for 15 and 30 minutes on two separate occasions...
May 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333306/protein-aggregation-in-ehrlichia-chaffeensis-during-infection-of-mammalian-cells
#17
Dorota Kuczynska-Wisnik, Chuanmin Cheng, Roman R Ganta, Michal Zolkiewski
Ehrlichia chaffeensis is an obligatory intracellular pathogen transmitted through infected ticks to humans and other vertebrates. We investigated the extent of protein aggregation in E. chaffeensis during infection of canine macrophage cell line, DH82. We discovered that the size of the aggregated fraction of E. chaffeensis proteins increased during the first 48 h post infection. We also incubated the infected cells with guanidinium chloride (GuHCl), a known inhibitor of the protein-disaggregating molecular chaperone ClpB...
March 1, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331079/characterization-and-vaccine-potential-of-membrane-vesicles-produced-by-francisella-noatunensis-subsp-orientalis-in-an-adult-zebrafish-model
#18
Leidy Lagos, Julia I Tandberg, Urska Repnik, Preben Boysen, Erik Ropstad, Deepa Varkey, Ian T Paulsen, Hanne C Winther-Larsen
Vaccine development against extracellular bacteria has been important for the sustainability of the aquaculture industry. In contrast, infections with intracellular pathogens remain largely an unresolved problem. Francisella noatunensis subsp. orientalis is a Gram-negative, facultative intracellular bacterium that causes the disease francisellosis in fish. Francisellosis is commonly characterized as a chronic granulomatous disease with high morbidity and can result in high mortality depending on the host. In this study, we explored the potential of bacterial membrane vesicles (MVs) as a vaccine agent against F...
May 2017: Clinical and Vaccine Immunology: CVI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275610/mutant-analysis-reveals-allosteric-regulation-of-clpb-disaggregase
#19
Kamila B Franke, Bernd Bukau, Axel Mogk
The members of the hexameric AAA+ disaggregase of E. coli and S. cerevisiae, ClpB, and Hsp104, cooperate with the Hsp70 chaperone system in the solubilization of aggregated proteins. Aggregate solubilization relies on a substrate threading activity of ClpB/Hsp104 fueled by ATP hydrolysis in both ATPase rings (AAA-1, AAA-2). ClpB/Hsp104 ATPase activity is controlled by the M-domains, which associate to the AAA-1 ring to downregulate ATP hydrolysis. Keeping M-domains displaced from the AAA-1 ring by association with Hsp70 increases ATPase activity due to enhanced communication between protomers...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143392/binding-site-of-restriction-modification-system-controller-protein-in-mollicutes
#20
Gleb Y Fisunov, Daria V Evsyutina, Valentin A Manuvera, Vadim M Govorun
BACKGROUND: Bacteria of the class Mollicutes underwent extreme reduction of genomes and gene expression control systems. Only a few regulators are known to date. In this work, we describe a novel group of transcriptional regulators that are distributed within different Mollicutes and control the expression of restriction-modification systems (RM-systems). RESULTS: We performed cross-species search of putative regulators of RM-systems (C-proteins) and respective binding sites in Mollicutes...
January 31, 2017: BMC Microbiology
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