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pancreatic divisum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904444/anatomic-variations-of-the-pancreatic-duct-and-their-relevance-with-the-cambridge-classification-system-mrcp-findings-of-1158-consecutive-patients
#1
Zehra Hilal Adibelli, Mustafa Adatepe, Cetin Imamoglu, Ozgur Sipahi Esen, Nazif Erkan, Mehmet Yildirim
BACKGROUND: The study was conducted to evaluate the frequencies of the anatomic variations and the gender distributions of these variations of the pancreatic duct and their relevance with the Cambridge classification system as morphological sign of chronic pancreatitis using magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 1312 consecutive patients who referred to our department for MRCP between January 2013 and August 2015...
December 1, 2016: Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888858/novel-findings-in-the-management-of-acute-pancreatitis
#2
Federico Bolado, Enrique de-Madaria
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a potentially serious disease whose incidence is on the increase. Pancreas divisum does not meet the required criteria to be considered an aetiological factor. Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction may be another cause of idiopathic AP. Less invasive methods cannot replace Sphincter of Oddi manometry in diagnosis. Almost half of patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome develop organ failure, but the mechanisms involved are not completely understood. Obesity is a risk factor for severity in AP; the cause could be the presence of free unsaturated fatty acids, which have pro-inflammatory activity...
September 2016: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846144/low-alcohol-and-cigarette-use-is-associated-to-the-risk-of-developing-chronic-pancreatitis
#3
Milena Di Leo, Gioacchino Leandro, Satish K Singh, Alberto Mariani, Margherita Bianco, Raffaella Alessia Zuppardo, Elisabetta Goni, Teresa Marzia Rogger, Francesco Di Mario, Mario Guslandi, Francesco De Cobelli, Alessandro Del Maschio, Pier Alberto Testoni, Giulia Martina Cavestro
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the contribution of smoking and alcohol intake and pancreas divisum on the risk of developing chronic pancreatitis (CP). METHODS: Consecutive patients with CP who underwent secretin-enhanced magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography were compared with consecutive patients without pancreatic disease who underwent secretin-enhanced magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography for irritable bowel syndrome. RESULTS: We enrolled 145 consecutive CP patients and 103 irritable bowel syndrome patients from 2010 to 2014...
November 11, 2016: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829604/an-impacted-minor-papilla-stone-in-a-patient-with-pancreas-divisum-that-caused-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-pancreatitis-a-case-report
#4
Yoshiaki Isono, Shimpei Matsusaki, Hiroki Tanaka, Tomomasa Tochio, Hiroaki Kumazawa, Tomohiro Sase, Tomonori Saito, Hiroshi Okano, Youichirou Baba, Katsumi Mukai
A 75-year-old woman with epigastric pain was admitted to our emergency department. She was diagnosed with an acute exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis based on the results of blood tests and abdominal computed tomography (CT). The abdominal CT and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography revealed pancreas divisum. Abdominal CT also showed a stone in the minor papilla, with impaction of the stone being the most likely cause of the acute episode. Therefore, endoscopic sphincterotomy of the minor papilla and endoscopic naso-pancreatic duct drainage were performed to remove the stone and decrease the internal pressure of the pancreatic duct...
2016: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824485/the-value-of-secretin-enhanced-mrcp-in-patients-with-recurrent-acute-pancreatitis
#5
Kumar Sandrasegaran, Bilal Tahir, Udaykamal Barad, Evan Fogel, Fatih Akisik, Temel Tirkes, Stuart Sherman
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to assess the additional value of secretin-enhanced MRCP over conventional (non-secretin-enhanced) MRCP in diagnosing disease in patients with recurrent acute pancreatitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of a radiology database found 72 patients with recurrent acute pancreatitis who had secretin-enhanced MRCP and ERCP correlation within 3 months of each other between January 2007 and December 2011. Of these patients, 54 had no history of pancreatic tumor or surgery and underwent MRI more than 3 months after an episode of acute pancreatitis...
November 8, 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817166/acute-obstructive-pancreatitis-after-pancreas-sparing-total-duodenectomy-in-a-patient-with-pancreas-divisum-a-case-report
#6
Shimpei Otsuka, Teiichi Sugiura, Katsuhiko Uesaka
BACKGROUND: Pancreas-sparing total duodenectomy (PSTD) is an ideal recommended procedure for patients with multiple duodenal adenomas or early duodenal cancer. We herein report a rare but serious complication of PSTD. CASE PRESENTATION: A 20-year-old woman with duodenal adenocarcinoma underwent PSTD. On postoperative day one, she complained of severe abdominal pains. Her serum amylase and serum pancreatic amylase levels were extremely elevated (Amy, 1296 IU/L; P-Amy, 1273 IU/L)...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815641/the-impact-of-surgical-strategies-on-outcomes-for-pediatric-chronic-pancreatitis
#7
Maria G Sacco Casamassima, Seth D Goldstein, Jingyan Yang, Colin D Gause, Fizan Abdullah, Avner Meoded, Martin A Makary, Paul M Colombani
PURPOSE: To review our institutional experience in the surgical treatment of pediatric chronic pancreatitis (CP) and evaluate predictors of long-term pain relief. METHODS: Outcomes of patients ≤21 years surgically treated for CP in a single institution from 1995 to 2014 were evaluated. RESULTS: Twenty patients underwent surgery for CP at a median of 16.6 years (IQR 10.7-20.6 years). The most common etiology was pancreas divisum (n = 7; 35%)...
November 4, 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775287/-distal-pancreatectomy-as-surgical-option-in-pancreas-divisum-associated-with-rubinstein-taybi-syndrome
#8
H Delgado Bartra, F M Lapouble Ramírez, J Bonilla Pabón, S T Vega Centeno
INTRODUCTION: The Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome and pancreas divisum are uncommon diseases in children. The Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome diagnosis is only clinical, and mental retardation and dysmorphic features mainly characterize it. The PD relates to idiopathic pancreatitis in 7.5% of patients suffering from this disorder. It has not been found any cases reported where these diseases are associated and the management of patients with pancreatitis associated with PD is still a challenge. CLINICAL CASE: A patient diagnosed with Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome has recurrent abdominal pain of six months and elevated pancreatic enzymes, he underwent a magnetic resonance imaging where pancreas divisum is suspected...
April 15, 2015: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660206/intrahepatic-biliary-duct-branching-patterns-cystic-duct-anomalies-and-pancreas-divisum-in-a-tertiary-referral-center-a-magnetic-resonance-cholangiopancreaticographic-study
#9
Ankur Gupta, Praveer Rai, Vivek Singh, Rakesh Kumar Gupta, Vivek Anand Saraswat
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about anatomic variations in intrahepatic biliary ducts (IHBD) is relevant for performing biliary drainage and for avoiding bile duct injury during cholecystectomy and liver resections. Low insertion of cystic duct (LICD) is a common anatomic variant. Pancreas divisum is the commonest congenital anomaly of pancreas; it has been causally linked with recurrent acute pancreatitis (RAP). METHODS: Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreaticography (MRCP) images of 500 consecutive patients were reviewed for anatomic variants of IHBD, cystic duct, and pancreatic duct...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530069/minor-papilla-endotherapy-in-patients-with-ventral-duct-obstruction-identification-and-management
#10
Nicholas G Brown, Douglas A Howell, Brian C Brauer, John Walker, Sachin Wani, Raj J Shah
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Pancreatic duct (PD) cannulation via the major papilla may be compromised by downstream obstruction of the ventral PD from a stone or stricture. In patients with a patent accessory PD, cannulation of the minor papilla permits stenting or stone removal upstream of the ventral PD obstruction. Data on this technique are limited. METHODS: University of Colorado Hospital and Maine Medical Center endoscopy databases were queried for ERCPs with minor papilla cannulation...
August 13, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27371265/role-of-ercp-in-patients-with-idiopathic-recurrent-acute-pancreatitis
#11
REVIEW
Piyush Somani Md, Udayakumar Navaneethan Md
Recurrent acute pancreatitis (RAP) is defined based on the occurrence of two or more episodes of acute pancreatitis. RAP is differentiated from chronic pancreatitis based on the presence of a normal morphological appearance of the pancreas between episodes. RAP can be due to a variety of etiologies including common bile duct stones or sludge, sphincter of Oddi dysfunction (SOD), pancreas divisum (PD), anomalous pancreaticobiliary junction, genetic mutations, and alcohol related. In approximately 30 % of patients, the etiology of RAP is unclear and the term "idiopathic" is used...
September 2016: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27367451/acute-pancreatitis-after-endoscopic-biopsy-of-the-minor-duodenal-papilla-in-an-individual-with-pancreas-divisum
#12
Woo Jin Jeong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27366041/endoscopic-management-of-splenic-pseudocysts-associated-with-acute-and-chronic-pancreatitis
#13
Surinder Singh Rana, Ravi Sharma, Puneet Chhabra, Vishal Sharma, Rajesh Gupta, Deepak Kumar Bhasin
BACKGROUND: Splenic pseudocysts (SP) are a rare consequence of both acute and chronic pancreatitis. Surgery has been conventional treatment for SP and literature on role of endoscopic treatment is scant. In this study, we retrospectively evaluated SP clinical and radiological characteristics as well as the outcome following endoscopic drainage. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of SP patients seen at our unit from January 2002 to June 2015. All patients were treated with attempted endoscopic transpapillary drainage with a nasopancreatic drain or stent...
July 2016: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27325219/prospective-endoscopic-ultrasound-based-approach-to-the-evaluation-of-idiopathic-pancreatitis-causes-response-to-therapy-and-long-term-outcome
#14
C Mel Wilcox, Toni Seay, Hwasoon Kim, Shyam Varadarajulu
OBJECTIVES: Although idiopathic pancreatitis is common, the natural history is not well studied, and the best diagnostic approach to both single and multiple attacks remains undefined. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated patients with idiopathic pancreatitis over a 10-year period, and clinical information for each episode was reviewed. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) was performed in all patients. Patients with microlithiasis or bile duct stones were referred for cholecystectomy and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), respectively...
September 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27150861/ectopic-opening-of-the-common-bile-duct-accompanied-by-choledochocele-and-pancreas-divisum
#15
Tetsuya Takikawa, Atsushi Kanno, Atsushi Masamune, Seiji Hongo, Naoki Yoshida, Eriko Nakano, Shin Miura, Shin Hamada, Kiyoshi Kume, Kazuhiro Kikuta, Morihisa Hirota, Tooru Shimosegawa
A 32-year-old woman was referred due to abdominal pain and elevated liver enzymes. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed ectopic opening of the common bile duct (CBD) into the duodenal bulb. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed a hemispheric bulge in the duodenal bulb. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) revealed the bulge to be cystic dilatation of the CBD. ERCP also showed no communication between the ventral and dorsal pancreatic ducts. We diagnosed the patient with ectopic opening of the CBD accompanied by choledochocele and pancreas divisum...
2016: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27077713/chronic-pancreatitis-landmark-papers-management-decisions-and-future
#16
Eugene P DiMagno, Matthew J DiMagno
On May 16, 2015 at the invitation of the American Gastroenterological Association Institute Council E.P.D. presented a state-of-the-art lecture at Digestive Disease Week 2015. The aims were to discuss a selection of landmark papers in chronic pancreatitis (CP) that influence modern management and to conclude by suggesting some future directions. This is based on that presentation. We will specifically review the following: duct anatomy and pancreas divisum, description of chronic relapsing pancreatitis and its differentiation from recurrent acute pancreatitis and established CP (ECP), natural histories and gene discoveries of alcoholic, idiopathic and hereditary pancreatitis, development of pancreatic cancer in CP, exocrine pancreatic insufficiency and calculation of dose and delivery of enzymes, endoscopic ultrasonography, and autoimmune pancreatitis...
May 2016: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27030246/endoscopic-management-of-internally-migrated-pancreatic-duct-stents-with-video
#17
Suryaprakash Bhandari, Atul Sharma, Rajesh Bathini, Amit Maydeo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Spontaneous intestinal migration of pancreatic stents is a known phenomenon. However, retrieval of a proximally migrated pancreatic stent (PMPS) poses a therapeutic challenge. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate technical success of endoscopic retrograde of cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for extraction of PMPS, including number of sessions, need of surgery for failures and intervention-induced adverse events. The secondary outcome was to evaluate long-term effects of PMPS on the ductal morphology...
March 2016: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26879163/imaging-of-pancreas-divisum-by-linear-array-endoscopic-ultrasonography
#18
Malay Sharma, Amit Pathak, Chittapuram Srinivasan Rameshbabu, Praveer Rai, Vijendra Kirnake, Abid Shoukat
Pancreas divisum (PD) is the most common developmental anatomic variant of pancreatic duct. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is often performed to evaluate idiopathic pancreatitis and has been shown to have high accuracy in diagnosis of PD. The different techniques to identify PD by linear EUS have been described differently by different authors. If EUS is done with a proper technique it can be a valuable tool in the diagnosis of PD. The anatomical and technical background of different signs has not been described so far...
January 2016: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26876393/pancreas-divisum
#19
Muhammad Ali Taj, Sajida Qureshi, Shahriyar Ghazanfar, Arif Rasheed Siddiqui, Saad Khalid Niaz, M Saeed Quraishy, Muhammad Shahid
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the complications, technical success, diagnostic evaluation and various endoscopic management options in patients with pancreas divisum. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Endoscopy Suite, Surgical Unit 4, Civil Hospital, Karachi, from January 2007 to December 2013. METHODOLOGY: All Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangio-pancreatography (ERCPs) procedure performed in patients with pancreas divisum were analyzed...
February 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26787401/endoscopic-intervention-through-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-in-the-management-of-symptomatic-pancreas-divisum-a-long-term-follow-up-study
#20
Yi Lu, Bin Xu, Lu Chen, Li-Ke Bie, Biao Gong
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for the treatment of symptomatic pancreas divisum (PD) and to discuss whether ERCP procedures and outcomes in younger patients differ from those of adults. METHODS: Symptomatic patients with PD were included in the study and divided into underaged (age ≤17 years) and adult (age ≥18 years) group. The clinical information of each patient was reviewed, and then the patients were contacted by telephone or their medical records were reviewed to determine their long-term followup outcomes...
May 23, 2016: Gut and Liver
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