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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328041/sem-microphotogrammetry-a-new-take-on-an-old-method-for-generating-high-resolution-3d-models-from-sem-images
#1
A D Ball, P A Job, A E L Walker
The method we present here uses a scanning electron microscope programmed via macros to automatically capture dozens of images at suitable angles to generate accurate, detailed three-dimensional (3D) surface models with micron-scale resolution. We demonstrate that it is possible to use these Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) images in conjunction with commercially available software originally developed for photogrammetry reconstructions from Digital Single Lens Reflex (DSLR) cameras and to reconstruct 3D models of the specimen...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326107/factors-related-to-noncompliance-in-screening-and-tracking-mild-cognitive-impairment-patients-in-a-single-community
#2
Chanmin Park, Won Sub Kang, Jong Woo Kim, Jong-Woo Paik, Young Jong Kim, Jun Hee Jeon, Mee Ae Lee, Jae Gwang Kim, Ji Young Song
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the cumulative conversion rates (CCR) from minor cognitive impairment (MCI) to dementia among individuals who failed to participate in annual screening for dementia. Additionally, we analyzed the reasons for failing to receive follow-up screening in order to develop better strategies for improving follow-up screening rates. METHODS: We contacted MCI patients who had not visited the Dongdaemun-gu Center for Dementia for annual screening during the year following their registration...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325248/bridging-innovation-and-outreach-to-overcome-global-gaps-in-radiation-oncology-through-information-and-communication-tools-trainee-advancement-engaging-industry-attention-to-ethical-challenges-and-political-advocacy
#3
REVIEW
Luqman Dad, Trevor J Royce, Zachary Morris, Meena Moran, Todd Pawlicki, Deepak Khuntia, Patricia Hardenbergh, Bernard Cummings, Nina Mayr, Kenneth Hu
An evolving paradigm in global outreach in radiation oncology has been the implementation of a more region-specific, needs-based approach to help close the gap in radiation services to low- and middle-income countries through the use of innovative tools in information and communication technology. This report highlights 4 information and communication technology tools in action today: (1) the NCCN Framework for Resource Stratification of NCCN guidelines, (2) ASTRO e-Contouring, (3) i.treatsafely.org, and (4) ChartRounds...
April 2017: Seminars in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322658/on-the-frontlines
#4
Benissa E Salem, Jordan Kwon, Masha Ames
Homeless service providers (HSPs) are on the frontlines of caring for the most vulnerable populations to help them navigate out of homelessness and access health and social services. The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand, from the perspectives of HSPs ( N = 19; age range, 27-58 years; SD = 10.37), their account and experiences in working with homeless women (HW), and opportunities for intervention development and integration. Five focus groups were conducted with HSPs in Central City East, Los Angeles...
January 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319338/management-of-us-men-women-and-children-with-hemophilia-and-methods-and-demographics-of-the-bridging-hemophilia-b-experiences-results-and-opportunities-into-solutions-b-hero-s-study
#5
Tyler W Buckner, Michelle Witkop, Christine Guelcher, Mary Jane Frey, Susan Hunter, Skye Peltier, Michael Recht, Christopher Walsh, Craig M Kessler, Wendy Owens, David B Clark, Neil Frick, Michelle Rice, Neeraj N Iyer, Natalia Holot, David L Cooper, Robert Sidonio
The Bridging Hemophilia B Experiences, Results and Opportunities Into Solutions (B-HERO-S) initiative was launched in an effort to address specific gaps in the understanding of the psychosocial impact of mild-moderate-severe hemophilia B. The original Hemophilia Experiences, Results and Opportunities (HERO) qualitative study evaluated the needs of people with hemophilia A or B in multiple countries; however, a majority of participants had the more common moderate-severe hemophilia A. The B-HERO-S study was designed in collaboration with the hemophilia community to evaluate the needs of adults with hemophilia B and caregivers of children with hemophilia B, including affected women and caregivers of girls with hemophilia...
April 2017: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319335/evaluating-the-psychosocial-impact-of-hemophilia-b-the-bridging-hemophilia-b-experiences-results-and-opportunities-into-solutions-b-hero-s-study
#6
Robert Sidonio, Natalia Holot, David L Cooper
The needs of individuals living with hemophilia B, especially those with mild or moderate hemophilia and affected females, are not well understood. The Bridging Hemophilia B Experiences, Results and Opportunities into Solutions (B-HERO-S) initiative was developed in an effort to obtain greater insights into the unique issues and challenges faced by those with hemophilia B. This study explored the impact of hemophilia B on education, employment, engagement in physical activities and other psychosocial aspects of the lives of affected individuals and their families...
April 2017: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318343/enduring-consequences-from-the-war-on-drugs-how-policing-practices-impact-hiv-risk-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-baltimore-city
#7
Natalie Flath, Karin Tobin, Kelly King, Alexandra Lee, Carl Latkin
BACKGROUND: Neighborhood-level characteristics, including police activity, are associated with HIV and Hepatitis C injection risk-behaviors among people who inject drugs (PWID). However, the pathways through which these neighborhood perceptions shape individual-level HIV risk behaviors are unclear. This study helps to explain perceived behaviors between perceived neighborhood police activity and HIV injection risk behavior (i.e., injection syringe/tool sharing in the previous 6 months)...
March 20, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301609/community-health-worker-perspectives-on-a-new-primary-health-care-initiative-in-the-eastern-cape-of-south-africa
#8
Katherine Austin-Evelyn, Miriam Rabkin, Tonderayi Macheka, Anthony Mutiti, Judith Mwansa-Kambafwile, Thomas Dlamini, Wafaa M El-Sadr
BACKGROUND: In 2010, South Africa's National Department of Health launched a national primary health care (PHC) initiative to strengthen health promotion, disease prevention, and early disease detection. The strategy, called Re-engineering Primary Health Care (rPHC), aims to provide a preventive and health-promoting community-based PHC model. A key component of rPHC is the use of community-based outreach teams staffed by generalist community health workers (CHWs). METHODS: We conducted focus group discussions and surveys on the knowledge and attitudes of 91 CHWs working on community-based rPHC teams in the King Sabata Dalindyebo (KSD) sub-district of Eastern Cape Province...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300995/health-care-of-people-in-homelessness-a-comparative-study-of-mobile-units-in-portugal-united-states-and-brazil
#9
Igor da Costa Borysow, Eleonor Minho Conill, Juarez Pereira Furtado
This paper describes and analyzes the legal and normative framework guiding the use of mobile units in Portugal, United States and Brazil, which seek to improve access and continuity of care for people in homelessness. We used a comparative analysis through literature and documentary review relating three categories: context (demographic, socio-economic and epidemiological), services system (access, coverage, organization, management and financing) and, specifically, mobile units (design, care and financing model)...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295831/factors-influencing-resident-choice-of-prosthodontic-residency-program
#10
Pandora Keala Lee Wojnarwsky, Yan Wang, Kumar Shah, Sreenivas Koka
PURPOSE: The decision by prosthodontic residency program directors to employ the Match process highlights the need to understand applicant priorities that influence their choice of which programs to rank highly. The purpose of this study is to determine the factors that were most important to residents when choosing from among nonmilitary based prosthodontics dental residency programs in the United States. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Following completion of a pilot study, all currently enrolled prosthodontic residents at nonmilitary residency programs were invited to participate via the internet...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295794/alcohol-and-disadvantaged-men-a-feasibility-trial-of-an-intervention-delivered-by-mobile-phone
#11
Iain K Crombie, Linda Irvine, Donald W Falconer, Brian Williams, Ian W Ricketts, Claire Jones, Gerry Humphris, John Norrie, Peter Slane, Peter Rice
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Disadvantaged men suffer substantial harm from heavy drinking. This feasibility study developed and evaluated the methods for a trial of a brief intervention delivered by text messages to disadvantaged men. It aimed to test the methods for recruitment and retention, to monitor engagement with the intervention and assess the overall acceptability of study methods. DESIGN AND METHODS: Disadvantaged men aged 25-44 years who had ≥2 episodes of binge drinking (≥8 units in one session) in the preceding month were recruited...
March 13, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295354/describing-trajectories-of-homeless-service-use-in-hawai-i-using-latent-class-growth-analysis
#12
Kristen Gleason, John P Barile, Charlene K Baker
The State of Hawai'i, like many other areas across the United States, has large numbers of individuals and families experiencing homelessness, many of whom seek support through statewide shelters and services. This study explored the diversity of ways in which individuals and families moved through Hawai'i's homeless service system. Using administrative data, a cohort of new service users was tracked across time to trace the developmental trajectories of their homeless service use. The sample consisted of adults who had entered the service system for the first time in the fiscal year (FY) of 2010 (N = 4655)...
March 13, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293620/mobile-phone-use-among-female-entertainment-workers-in-cambodia-an-observation-study
#13
Carinne Brody, Brent Tatomir, Tuot Sovannary, Khuondyla Pal, Song Mengsrun, Jennifer Dionosio, Minh-Anh Luong, Siyan Yi
BACKGROUND: Text or voice messages containing health behavior change content may be an inexpensive, discreet, sustainable and scalable way to reach populations at high risk for HIV. In Cambodia, one of the important high-risk populations is female entertainment workers (FEWs). This ethnographic study aims to explore typical phone use, examining patterns and behaviors that may influence the design of future mHealth interventions. METHODS: The study consisted of one 8-hour non-participant observation session for 15 randomly sampled FEWs...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293422/regional-disparities-in-immunization-services-in-ghana-through-a-bottleneck-analysis-approach-implications-for-sustaining-national-gains-in-immunization
#14
A E Yawson, G Bonsu, L K Senaya, A O Yawson, J B Eleeza, J K Awoonor-Williams, H K Banskota, E E A Agongo
BACKGROUND: Immunization is considered one of the most cost effective public health interventions for reducing child morbidity, mortality and disability. The aim of this work is to describe the application of the Bottleneck analysis (BNA) process to assess gaps in immunization services in Ghana and implications for sustaining the gains in Immunization coverage. METHODS: A national assessment was conducted in May 2015, through use of desk reviews, field visits and key informant interviews...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288182/modelling-optimal-allocation-of-resources-in-the-context-of-an-incurable-disease
#15
Betty Nannyonga, David J T Sumpter
Nodding syndrome has affected and led to the deaths of children between the ages of 5 and 15 in Northern Uganda since 2009. There is no reliable explanation of the disease, and currently the only treatment is through a nutritional programme of vitamins, combined with medication to prevent symptoms. In the absence of a proper medical treatment, we develop a dynamic compartmental model to plan the management of the syndrome and to curb its effects. We use incidence data from 2012 and 2013 from Pader, Lamwo and Kitgum regions of Uganda to parameterize the model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288073/association-of-the-affordable-care-act-with-smoking-and-tobacco-treatment-utilization-among-adults-newly-enrolled-in-health-care
#16
Kelly C Young-Wolff, Daniella Klebaner, Cynthia I Campbell, Constance Weisner, Derek D Satre, Alyce S Adams
OBJECTIVES: To examine rates of smoking and tobacco treatment utilization by insurance coverage status (Medicaid, commercial, exchange) among newly enrolled patients in the post Affordable Care Act (ACA) era. METHODS: We examined new members who enrolled in Kaiser Permanente Northern California through Medicaid, the California exchange, or nonexchange commercial plans (N=122,298) in the first 6 months of 2014 following ACA implementation. We compared these groups on smoking prevalence and tested whether smokers in each group differed on sociodemographic characteristics and in their utilization of tobacco treatment (pharmacotherapy and counseling) in 2014...
March 10, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287773/alcohol-use-and-service-utilization-among-veterans-in-treatment-for-schizophrenia
#17
Eric R Pedersen, Wenjing Huang, Amy N Cohen, Alexander S Young
Comorbid alcohol and drug use disorders are treatable and have substantial effects on outcomes and health care utilization in people with schizophrenia. While these substance use disorders (SUDs) are thought to be common in patients with schizophrenia, it has been difficult to characterize prevalence and treatment utilization of this population, since administrative data and medical records may not identify patients with schizophrenia who have an SUD diagnosis. In this study, we used an in-person, population-based survey of 801 individuals with schizophrenia who were in treatment within the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) to inform service delivery for patients with these problems...
March 13, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287771/outreach-to-veterans-with-serious-mental-illness-who-are-lost-to-care-predictors-of-outreach-contact
#18
Cynthia Z Burton, Kristen M Abraham, Chelsea M Grindle, Stephanie Visnic, Samantha M Hack, John F McCarthy, Nicholas W Bowersox
This evaluation identified factors associated with outreach contact to veterans with serious mental illness (SMI) who were lost to Veterans Health Administration (VHA) care. From March 2012 through September 2013, the VHA SMI Re-Engage initiative identified 4,241 veterans for reengagement outreach; 31% of whom were successfully contacted. Higher odds of contact was associated with older age, married status, no history of homelessness, bipolar disorder diagnosis, having no recent inpatient stay, living closer to a VHA medical center, fewer years since last visit, and having a service-connected disability...
March 13, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284691/relationships-between-early-life-growth-intake-and-birth-season-with-first-lactation-performance-of-holstein-dairy-cows
#19
H Chester-Jones, B J Heins, D Ziegler, D Schimek, S Schuling, B Ziegler, M B de Ondarza, C J Sniffen, N Broadwater
The objective was to determine the relationships between early-life parameters [including average daily gain (ADG), body weight (BW), milk replacer intake, starter intake, and birth season] and the first-lactation performance of Holstein cows. We collected data from birth years 2004 to 2012 for 2,880 Holstein animals. Calves were received from 3 commercial dairy farms and enrolled in 37 different calf research trials at the University of Minnesota Southern Research and Outreach Center from 3 to 195 d. Upon trial completion, calves were returned to their respective farms...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284208/violent-victimization-and-health-service-utilization-in-a-forensic-psychiatric-context-a-comparison-between-offenders-with-mental-disorders-and-matched-controls
#20
Mats Persson, Henrik Belfrage, Marianne Kristiansson
BACKGROUND: Offenders with mental disorders constitute a particularly exposed group in society, with high rates of morbidity, mortality, and social deprivation. Often thought of primarily as perpetrators, these individuals may also be subjected to violence. Previous research indicates that violent victimization during lifespan is a risk factor for violent perpetration among psychiatric patients, but victimization studies on the group of offenders with mental disorders are scarce. Health services are pivotal to this group, but although most individuals do utilize these services, their vulnerability seems to remain...
March 11, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
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