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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157645/law-based-arguments-and-messages-to-advocate-for-later-school-start-time-policies-in-the-united-states
#1
REVIEW
Clark J Lee, Dennis M Nolan, Steven W Lockley, Brent Pattison
The increasing scientific evidence that early school start times are harmful to the health and safety of teenagers has generated much recent debate about changing school start times policies for adolescent students. Although efforts to promote and implement such changes have proliferated in the United States in recent years, they have rarely been supported by law-based arguments and messages that leverage the existing legal infrastructure regulating public education and child welfare in the United States. Furthermore, the legal bases to support or resist such changes have not been explored in detail to date...
December 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156162/the-evolution-of-limb-deformity-what-has-changed-over-the-past-ten-years
#2
REVIEW
Jessica L Wilczek, Guido A LaPorta
Limb deformity correction has been widely discussed in orthopedic literature with an increasing interest in technologically based surgical strategies. However, principles described by Ilizarov and Paley still form the basis of these newly developing surgical systems. The recent advances and increased use of computers and mobile devices in the medical arena, along with the application of dynamic hexapod external fixation, have allowed for easier and more convenient strategies, leading to a greater outreach and more confidence in the newer surgeon when faced with addressing a patient with a limb deformity...
January 2018: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155205/cystic-echinococcosis-in-turkana-kenya-30-years-of-imaging-in-an-endemic-region
#3
N Solomon, E Zeyhle, K Subramanian, P J Fields, T Romig, P Kern, J Y Carter, J Wachira, A Mengiste, C N L Macpherson
Cystic echinococcosis (CE), a widespread, complex zoonosis, causes chronic disease associated with high morbidity. The pastoral Turkana people of Kenya have one of the highest prevalence rates of CE in the world. Between 1983 and 2015, a CE control program in the Turkana region used ultrasound (US) screening surveys and surgical outreach visits to evaluate CE prevalence and treat those with the disease. As the gold standard modality for diagnosing CE, US reveals a great deal of information about the disease in affected populations...
November 16, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151656/unmarried-mothers-postnatal-school-enrollment-the-role-and-intersection-of-demographic-and-socioeconomic-characteristics
#4
Melissa Radey
Drawing from a theoretical model of educational decisions and intersectionality theory, this study examined demographic, socioeconomic, and public assistance characteristics that influence unmarried mothers' postnatal enrollment. Using the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (FFCWS), binomial and multinomial regression techniques were used to examine unmarried mothers' enrollment in their child's first nine years. Results showed unmarried mothers' educational commitment coupled with the influence of race and class indicate that they need additional opportunities to optimize their educations and job opportunities...
2017: Journal of Social Service Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151163/strengthening-the-healthy-start-workforce-a-mixed-methods-study-to-understand-the-roles-of-community-health-workers-in-healthy-start-and-inform-the-development-of-a-standardized-training-program
#5
Katherine Rachel DeAngelis, Katelyn Flaherty Doré, Deborah Dean, Paul Osterman
Introduction Healthy Start (HS) is dedicated to preventing infant mortality, improving birth outcomes, and reducing disparities in maternal and infant health. In 2014, the HS program was reenvisioned and standardization of services and workforce development were prioritized. This study examined how HS community health workers (CHW), as critical members of the workforce, serve families and communities in order to inform the development of a CHW training program to advance program goals. Methods In 2015, an online organizational survey of all 100 HS programs was conducted...
November 18, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151150/a-comparison-of-cancer-risk-assessment-and-testing-outcomes-in-patients-from-underserved-vs-tertiary-care-settings
#6
Huma Q Rana, Sarah R Cochrane, Elaine Hiller, Ruth N Akindele, Callie M Nibecker, Ludmila A Svoboda, Angel M Cronin, Judy E Garber, Christopher S Lathan
In cancer genetics, technological advances (next generation sequencing) and the expansion of genetic test options have resulted in lowered costs and increased access to genetic testing. Despite this, the majority of patients utilizing cancer genetics services lack diversity of gender, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. Through retrospective chart review, we compared outcomes of cancer genetics consultations at a tertiary cancer center and a Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) (58 tertiary and 23 FQHC patients) from 2013 to 2015...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149791/the-dementia-care-coordination-program-engaging-health-systems-in-caregiver-supports
#7
Pamela Nadash, Nina M Silverstein, Frank Porell
This paper reports on a process evaluation using mixed methods to assess a Dementia Care Coordination Program, which is distinctive in using the medical system, rather than direct outreach, to identify and refer families to supports provided by an Alzheimer's Association chapter via dedicated care consultants. One care consultant received referrals from individual physicians, while the other, employed by a health plan, received referrals from health plan case managers. Through key informant interviews, focus groups, and physician and caregiver surveys, we identified key issues, finding high rates of stakeholder satisfaction, but some practical issues around information sharing and data tracking...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149788/knowledge-of-alzheimer-s-disease-among-vietnamese-americans-and-correlates-of-their-knowledge-about-alzheimer-s-disease
#8
Sang E Lee, Banghwa Lee Casado
The present study examined the knowledge of Alzheimer's disease and correlates of the disease knowledge among Vietnamese Americans. Cross-sectional survey interviews were conducted with 95 middle-aged and older Vietnamese Americans. Vietnamese Americans showed limited knowledge about Alzheimer's disease. Normalization of Alzheimer's disease in old age was prevalent. They lacked knowledge about treatment and cure of Alzheimer's disease. Those who reside longer in the U.S. and are more exposed to Alzheimer's disease are likely to have higher levels of Alzheimer's disease knowledge...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149585/are-twitter-and-blogs-important-tools-for-the-modern-psychological-scientist
#9
Yana Weinstein, Megan A Sumeracki
Psychological scientists have many roles, one of which is, arguably, to communicate their research findings to a broader audience. Twitter and blogging offer relatively inexpensive options for this type of outreach. Engagement in these outreach efforts can lead to career enhancement, but also comes at a cost. We examined a sample of 327 psychological scientists to determine the prevalence of this type of outreach; while the use of Twitter appears to be on the rise, blogging remains very rare. In this piece, we explore the costs and benefits for psychological scientists of blogging and engaging with the general public on Twitter, and how tweeting and blogging might relate to academic merit and varieties of fame in psychology...
November 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144886/comparative-effectiveness-of-proactive-tobacco-treatment-among-smokers-with-and-without-chronic-lower-respiratory-disease
#10
Anne C Melzer, Barbara Clothier, Sandra J Japuntich, Siamak Noorbaloochi, Patrick Hammett, Diana J Burgess, Anne M Joseph, Steven S Fu
RATIONALE: Adults with chronic lower respiratory disease (CLRD) differ in their barriers to smoking cessation, but also suffer from tobacco related health concerns, which may motivate quit attempts. Few studies have examined differences in tobacco treatment response between smokers with and without CLRD. OBJECTIVE: We examined the effectiveness of a proactive outreach program for cessation among smokers with and without CLRD. METHODS: Subgroup analysis of the Veterans VICTORY Over Tobacco Study, a pragmatic randomized controlled trial that demonstrated the effectiveness of proactive outreach and the choice of tobacco treatments compared to usual care...
November 16, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141765/bionomics-and-spatial-distribution-of-triatomine-vectors-of-trypanosoma-cruzi-in-texas-and-other-southern-states-usa
#11
Rachel Curtis-Robles, Sarah A Hamer, Sage Lane, Michael Z Levy, Gabriel L Hamer
Defining spatial and temporal occurrences of triatomine vectors of Trypanosoma cruzi, the agent of Chagas disease, in the US is critical for public health protection. Through a citizen science program and field collections from 2012 to 2016, we collected 3,215 triatomines, mainly from Texas. Using morphological and molecular approaches, we identified seven Triatoma species and report sex, length, and blood engorgement status. Many citizen-collected triatomines (92.9%) were encountered indoors, in peridomestic settings, or in dog kennels and represent spillover transmission risk of T...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137515/choosing-wisely-campaign-valuable-for-providers-who-knew-about-it-but-awareness-remained-constant-2014-17
#12
Carrie H Colla, Alexander J Mainor
Together with physician specialty societies, the Choosing Wisely® campaign has codified recommendations of which health care services' use should be questioned and discussed with patients. The ABIM Foundation administered surveys in 2014 and 2017 to examine physicians' attitudes toward and awareness of the use of low-value care. The surveys included questions on the factors driving that use, physicians' comfort in having conversations with patients about that use, and physicians' exposure to the Choosing Wisely campaign...
November 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136490/adopting-state-level-policy-to-support-physical-activity-among-school-aged-children-and-adolescents-georgia-s-shape-act
#13
Rodney S Lyn, Erica R Sheldon, Michael P Eriksen
Physical inactivity among children is a public health problem associated with low levels of fitness, obesity, and increased risk of chronic diseases. Public health experts have identified policies targeting physical activity as a promising strategy to address this challenge. Understanding the process by which such policies are adopted may help to facilitate progress nationally. To examine lessons learned from the passage of the Student Health and Physical Education Act in Georgia, we conducted 15 interviews with people engaged in the adoption of the act...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135626/community-outreach-in-terms-of-early-heart-attack-care-as-a-new-way-of-thinking-in-chest-pain-center-unit-care-giving-commentary-on-the-german-chest-pain-unit-network
#14
Raymond Bahr, Tienush Rassaf, Frank Breuckmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Critical Pathways in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134297/community-based-efforts-to-prevent-and-manage-diabetes-in-women-living-in-vulnerable-communities
#15
Laurie Lachance, R Patrick Kelly, Margaret Wilkin, Jodi Burke, Sandra Waddell
Social determinants of health likely play a significant role in the development of type 2 diabetes for women in vulnerable communities. Adult African American women diagnosed with or at-risk for diabetes in Inkster, Michigan (n = 113) and a group of demographically similar women in Flint, Michigan (n = 48) participated in programs aimed at increasing diabetes-related self-management behaviors through peer coaching, health literacy training, and social support. Participants completed surveys to measure changes in health, health behaviors, health literacy, and social support...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130607/qualitative-experiences-of-disengagement-in-assertive-outreach-teams-in-particular-for-black-men-clinicians-perspectives
#16
Chris Wagstaff, Hermine Graham, Richard Salkeld
INTRODUCTIO: Engagement with services is often poor amongst people with severe mental health problems, yet key to improving clinical outcomes. AIMS: This study explores the perception of clinicians on patients with severe mental health problems, in particular the experiences of black men, who disengage from mental health services. METHOD: Two focus groups twelve, mainly white, experienced clinicians in the UK were recruited. Transcripts were analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis...
November 12, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130267/long-term-impact-of-a-postdischarge-community-health-worker-intervention-on-health-care-costs-in-a-safety-net-system
#17
Alison A Galbraith, David J Meyers, Dennis Ross-Degnan, Marguerite E Burns, Catherine E Vialle-Valentin, Marc R Larochelle, Sharon Touw, Fang Zhang, Meredith Rosenthal, Richard B Balaban
OBJECTIVE: Patient navigators (PNs) may represent a cost-effective strategy to improve transitional care and reduce hospital readmissions. We evaluated the impact of a PN intervention on health system costs in the 180 days after discharge for high-risk patients in a safety-net system. DATA SOURCE/SETTING: Primary and secondary data from an academic safety-net health system. STUDY DESIGN: We compared per-patient utilization and costs, overall and by age, for high-risk, medical service patients randomized to the PN intervention relative to usual care between October 2011 and April 2013...
December 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126701/the-role-of-digital-health-in-making-progress-toward-sustainable-development-goal-sdg-3-in-conflict-affected-populations
#18
Yara M Asi, Cynthia Williams
PURPOSE: The progress of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) shows that sustained global action can achieve success. Despite the unprecedented achievements in health and education, more than one billion people, many of them in conflict-affected areas, were unable to reap the benefits of the MDG gains. The recently developed Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are even more ambitious then their predecessor. SDG 3 prioritizes health and well-being for all ages in specific areas such as maternal mortality, communicable diseases, mental health, and healthcare workforce...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126121/the-relationship-between-neighborhood-disorder-and-barriers-to-cessation-in-a-sample-of-impoverished-inner-city-smokers-in-baltimore-maryland-usa
#19
Carl Latkin, Ryan D Kennedy, Melissa Davey-Rothwell, Tuo-Yen Tseng, Lauren Czaplicki, Anirudh Baddela, Catie Edwards, Geetanjali Chander, Meghan Bridgid Moran, Amy Knowlton
Introduction: Economic disparities in rates of smoking have been well documented in many countries. These disparities exist on an individual and geographic or neighborhood level. This cross-sectional study examined the relationship between neighborhood physical and social disorder and barriers to smoking cessation among an impoverished urban sample. Methods: A sample of current smokers were recruited through street outreach, posted advertisements, and word of mouth from impoverished neighborhoods in Baltimore, Maryland, USA for a study of psychosocial factors and smoking behaviors...
November 8, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125374/interventions-to-improve-utilization-of-cataract-surgical-services-by-girls-case-studies-from-asia-and-africa
#20
Priya Adhisesha Reddy, Elizabeth A Kishiki, Hari Bahadur Thapa, Lisa Demers, Robert Geneau, Ken Bassett
PURPOSE: Gender and blindness initiatives continue to make eye care personnel aware of the service utilization inequity strongly favouring men, yet interventions to reduce that inequity, particularly for girls, are under developed. METHODS: This descriptive study gathered quantitative data on the degree of gender equity at five Child Eye Health Tertiary Facilities (CEHTFs) in Asia and Africa and conducted in-depth interviews with eye care personnel to assess their strategies and capacity to reduce gender inequity...
November 10, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
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