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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672926/insights-into-the-etiology-associated-gene-regulatory-networks-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-from-the-cancer-genome-atlas
#1
Veerabrahma Pratap Seshachalam, Karthik Sekar, Kam M Hui
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, alcoholic consumption and non-alcoholic fatty liver are the major known risk factors for Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). There have been very few studies comparing the underlying biological mechanisms associated with the different etiologies of HCC. In this study, we hypothesized the existence of different regulatory networks associated with different liver disease etiologies involved in hepatocarcinogenesis. METHODS: Using upstream regulatory analysis tool in ingenuity pathway analysis software, URs were predicted using differential expressed genes for HCC to facilitate the interrogation of global gene regulation...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628773/the-mutation-of-hepatitis-b-virus-and-the-prognosis-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-after-surgery-a-pilot-study
#2
Yaojun Zhang, Junting Huang, Jinbin Chen, Keli Yang, Jiancong Chen, Li Xu, Zhongguo Zhou, Minshan Chen
Background: Although hepatitis B virus (HBV) is still one of the most common etiological factors for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the association between the HBV mutations and the clinical characteristics and prognosis of HBV-related HCC patients (HBV-HCC) after surgical resection remains largely unknown. Materials and methods: A cohort of 131 consecutive patients who received hepatectomy for HBV-HCC were retrospectively enrolled. The HBV genotype and 14 genomic mutations, which have been reported to relate to HCC in liver samples, were sequenced...
2018: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576222/blocking-tim-3-or-and-pd-1-reverses-dysfunction-of-tumor-infiltrating-lymphocytes-in-hbv-related-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#3
Furong Liu, Gucheng Zeng, Shaotang Zhou, Xiaoshun He, Nianfeng Sun, Xiaofeng Zhu, Anbin Hu
BACKGROUND: The immunosuppression of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) is associated with rapid progression of hepatitis B virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HBV-HCC). T cell Ig- and mucin-domain-containing molecule-3 (Tim-3) and programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) are important inhibitory molecules expressed on the surface of T cells, but their roles in the function of TILs in HBV-HCC are poorly understood. We aimed to study the roles of these two markers in HBV-HCC. METHODS: Ninety patients with pathologically confirmed HBV-associated HCC were enrolled in our study...
March 22, 2018: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569872/concomitant-use-of-heat-shock-protein-70-glutamine-synthetase-and-glypican-3-is-useful-in-diagnosis-of-hbv-related-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-higher-specificity-and-sensitivity
#4
Bita Moudi, Zahra Heidari, Hamidreza Mahmoudzadeh-Sagheb, Seyed-Moayed Alavian, Kamran B Lankarani, Parisa Farrokh, Jens Randel Nyengaard
Hepatocellular carcinoma is the third leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide and late diagnosis is the main cause of death in HCC patients. In this study expression patterns of HSP70, GPC3 and GS and their relationships with pathogenesis of HCC in Iranian patients were investigated. The expression of HSP70, GPC3 and GS were determined by immunohistochemistry and quantitative real-time PCR (q-PCR) methods, using 121 cases from patients with HBV alone, HCC without HBV, HBV+HCC and 30 normal tissues as control group...
January 29, 2018: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556326/clinical-and-diagnostic-significance-of-homer1-in-hepatitis-b-virus-induced-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#5
Ping Luo, Xiaobo Feng, Wei Jing, Man Zhu, Nandi Li, Hu Zhou, Paul F Worley, Hongyan Chai, Jiancheng Tu
Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a malignant tumor worldwide. Attributed to the lack of early diagnosis index, most patients are diagnosed in their late stage. Homer1, as a member of scaffold protein family, is made up of two different isoforms: Homer1a and Homer1b/c. More and more evidences show that Homer1 is dysregulated in cancers. Here, in this study, we investigated the expression profile, clinical, diagnostic and prognostic significance of Homer1 in hepatitis B virus-induced HCC (HBV-HCC)...
2018: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456711/value-of-the-albumin-bilirubin-score-in-the-evaluation-of-hepatitis-b-virus-related-acute-on-chronic-liver-failure-liver-cirrhosis-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#6
Qing Lei, Yinhua Zhang, Changzheng Ke, Chunchun Yan, Ping Huang, Haixia Shen, Huiting Lei, Yue Chen, Jie Luo, Zhongji Meng
The aim of the present study was to investigate the value of the albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) score in the assessment of the disease conditions of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF), HBV-related liver cirrhosis (HBV-LC) and HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HBV-HCC). A total of 395 patients with HBV-ACLF, HBV-LC, or HBV-HCC were retrospectively studied. The ALBI, Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP), and Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) scores of the patients were calculated, and the relationships between the ALBI score and the CTP and MELD scores were investigated...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404490/survival-following-hospitalization-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-among-people-notified-with-hepatitis-b-or-c-virus-in-australia-2000-2014
#7
Reem Waziry, Jason Grebely, Janaki Amin, Maryam Alavi, Behzad Hajarizadeh, Jacob George, Gail V Matthews, Matthew Law, Gregory J Dore
We assessed trends in HCC survival in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in New South Wales, Australia. Data on HBV (n = 54,399) and HCV (n = 96,908) notifications (1993-2012) were linked to a hospitalization database (July 2000-June 2014), the New South Wales Cancer Registry, and the New South Wales Death Registry. A total of 725 (1.3%) first HBV-hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and 1,309 (1.4%) first HCV-HCC hospitalizations were included. Death occurred in 60.4% of HBV-HCC and 69...
October 2017: Hepatology Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387234/cadherin-17-is-related-to-recurrence-and-poor-prognosis-of-cytokeratin-19-positive-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#8
Chao-Wei Lee, Sey-En Lin, Hsin-I Tsai, Po-Jung Su, Chia-Hsun Hsieh, Yung-Chia Kuo, Chang-Mu Sung, Cheng-Yu Lin, Chi-Neu Tsai, Ming-Chin Yu
A previous study demonstrated that cytokeratin 19 (CK19) expression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is an indicator of HCC invasiveness, including lymph node metastasis (LNM), tumor infiltration/non-encapsulation and poor prognosis. The exact mechanism by which CK19 expression results in poor prognosis remains unclear. Through the use of an Affymetrix U133A oligonucleotide microarray [20 patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-HCC], it was demonstrated that cadherin 17 (CDH17) significantly correlated with CK19 expression (R2 , 0...
January 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378599/mir-3928v-is-induced-by-hbx-via-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-egr1-and-contributes-to-hepatocellular-carcinoma-malignancy-by-down-regulating-vdac3
#9
Qiaoge Zhang, Ge Song, Lili Yao, Yankun Liu, Min Liu, Shengping Li, Hua Tang
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) plays a critical role in the tumorigenic behavior of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported to participate in HCC development via the regulation of their target genes. However, HBV-modulated miRNAs involved in tumorigenesis remain to be identified. Here, we found that a novel highly expressed miRNA, TLRC-m0008_3p (miR-3928v), may be an important factor that promotes the malignancy of HBV-related HCC. METHODS: Solexa sequencing was applied to profile miRNAs, and RT-qPCR was used to identify and quantitate miRNAs...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231260/metformin-inhibits-tumorigenesis-in-hbv-induced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-by-suppressing-hulc-overexpression-caused-by-hbx
#10
Zhen Jiang, Haichao Liu
We aimed to understand whether metformin imposes the inhibitory effect on the HBV-associated tumorigenesis by regulating the HULC and its downstream signaling pathway. Luciferase assay, RT-PCR, and Western-blot, MTT and flow cytometry analysis were performed to understand and the mechanism, by which metformin enhance the inhibitory effect on the HBV-associated tumorigenesis by regulating the HULC and its downstream signaling pathway. HBX promoted viability of three types of cell lines, while metformin inhibited apoptosis of above two cells...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212479/a-pilot-systematic-genomic-comparison-of-recurrence-risks-of-hepatitis-b-virus-associated-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-low-and-high-degree-liver-fibrosis
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Seungyeul Yoo, Wenhui Wang, Qin Wang, M Isabel Fiel, Eunjee Lee, Spiros P Hiotis, Jun Zhu
BACKGROUND: Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection leads to liver fibrosis, which is a major risk factor in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and an independent risk factor of recurrence after HCC tumor resection. The HBV genome can be inserted into the human genome, and chronic inflammation may trigger somatic mutations. However, how HBV integration and other genomic changes contribute to the risk of tumor recurrence with regards to the different degree of liver fibrosis is not clearly understood...
December 7, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139083/comparison-of-hepatectomy-for-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-related-hcc-and-hbv-related-hcc
#12
Yunhong Tian, Huan Lyu, Yunhong He, Yong Xia, Jun Li, Feng Shen
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a group of clinicopathological manifestations. The outcome of liver surgery in metabolic syndrome-related hepatocellular carcinoma (MetS-HCC) still needs to be evaluated. We aim to clarify the outcomes following liver resection in patients with MetS-HCC compared those with hepatitis B virus-related HCC (HBV-HCC). METHODS: All the consecutive patients undergoing hepatectomy for HCC between January 2009 and December 2012 were retrospectively considered...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138264/comprehensive-investigation-of-cytokine-and-immune-related-gene-variants-in-hbv-associated-hepatocellular-carcinoma-patients
#13
Fengxue Yu, Xiaolin Zhang, Suzhai Tian, Lianxia Geng, Weili Xu, Ning Ma, Mingbang Wang, Yuan Jia, Xuechen Liu, Junji Ma, Yuan Quan, Chaojun Zhang, Lina Guo, Wenting An, Dianwu Liu
Host genotype may be closely related to the different outcomes of Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. To identify the association of variants and HBV infection, we comprehensively investigated the cytokine- and immune-related gene mutations in patients with HBV associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HBV-HCC). Fifty-three HBV-HCC patients, 53 self-healing cases (SH) with HBV infection history and 53 healthy controls (HCs) were recruited, the whole exon region of 404 genes were sequenced at >900× depth. Comprehensive variants and gene levels were compared between HCC and HC, and HCC and SH...
December 22, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052129/hepatitis-b-virus-associated-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#14
Youhua Xie
Liver cancer is the fifth most common cancer worldwide in men and the ninth in women. It is also the second most common cause of cancer mortality. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common type of liver cancer. About 350 million people globally are chronically infected with HBV. Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection accounts for at least 50% cases of HCC worldwide. Other non-HBV factors may increase HCC risk among persons with chronic HBV infection. Both indirect and direct mechanisms are involved in HCC oncogenesis by HBV...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045023/more-advanced-disease-and-worse-survival-in-cryptogenic-compared-to-viral-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#15
Tomi W Jun, Ming-Lun Yeh, Ju Dong Yang, Vincent L Chen, Pauline Nguyen, Nasra H Giama, Chung-Feng Huang, Ann W Hsing, Chia-Yen Dai, Jee-Fu Huang, Wan-Long Chuang, Lewis R Roberts, Ming-Lung Yu, Mindie H Nguyen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Although hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections remain major risk factors for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), non-viral causes of HCC, particularly non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), are becoming increasingly prevalent. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical characteristics and survival of cryptogenic and viral HCC. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study involving 3878 consecutive HCC patients seen at two tertiary centres in the United States and one in Taiwan from 2004 to 2014...
October 16, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865603/independent-and-additive-interaction-between-polymorphisms-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-308-and-lymphotoxin-%C3%AE-252-on-risk-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-related-to-hepatitis-b
#16
Jung-Fa Tsai, Shinn-Chern Chen, Zu-Yau Lin, Chia-Yen Dai, Jee-Fu Huang, Min-Lung Yu, Wan-Long Chuang
This case-control study was aimed to assess the effect of genetic variants of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α-308 and lymphotoxin (LT) α+252 on development of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Their gene-gene interaction was also investigated. We enrolled 200 pairs of age- and sex-matched patients with cirrhotic HBV-HCC and unrelated patients with HBV-cirrhosis alone. Polymorphisms of TNFα-308 and LTα+252 were genotyped. Synergy index was used to calculate interaction between the variant genotypes...
September 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804513/noncirrhotic-hepatocellular-carcinoma-etiology-and-occult-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-a-hepatitis-b-virus-endemic-area
#17
Chang Woo Shim, Joong-Won Park, So Hee Kim, Jin Sook Kim, Bo Hyun Kim, Sung Hoon Kim, Eun Kyung Hong
BACKGROUND: Although hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) usually develops in cirrhotic livers, a minority of cases occur in noncirrhotic livers (NCLs). We investigated etiology, clinicopathological features, and occult hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection (OBI) in patients with NCL HCC in an HBV-endemic area. METHODS: A total of 710 patients who underwent resection or transplantation for HCC at the National Cancer Center (NCC), Korea, were enrolled. HCC and fibrosis stage were diagnosed pathologically...
July 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796032/nomogram-for-individualized-prediction-of-recurrence-after-postoperative-adjuvant-tace-for-hepatitis-b-virus-related-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#18
Jiang Jiang, Hao Hu, Rong Liu, Jian Hua Wang, Xiao Ran Long, Jia Fan, Zhi Ping Yan
This study sought to develop an effective and reliable nomogram for predictions of recurrence for postoperative adjuvant transarterial chemoembolization (PA-TACE) in patients with hepatitis B virus-related (HBV) hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).The nomogram was established based on data obtained from a retrospective study on 235 consecutive patients with HBV HCC who received PA-TACE as an initial therapy from 2006 to 2010 in our center. Eighty-four patients who were collected at another institution between 01/2008 and 12/2010 served as an external validation set...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562643/alcohol-dysregulated-micrornas-in-hepatitis-b-virus-related-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#19
Hao Zheng, Angela E Zou, Maarouf A Saad, Xiao Qi Wang, James G Kwok, Avinaash Korrapati, Pinxue Li, Tatiana Kisseleva, Jessica Wang-Rodriguez, Weg M Ongkeko
Alcohol consumption and chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection are two well-established risk factors for Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); however, there remains a limited understanding of the molecular pathway behind the pathogenesis and progression behind HCC, and how alcohol promotes carcinogenesis in the context of HBV+ HCC. Using next-generation sequencing data from 130 HCC patients and 50 normal liver tissues, we identified a panel of microRNAs that are significantly dysregulated by alcohol consumption in HBV+ patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551666/clinical-features-and-outcome-of-surgical-patients-with-non-b-non-c-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Shigeki Wakiyama, Michinori Matsumoto, Koichiro Haruki, Takeshi Gocho, Taro Sakamoto, Hiroaki Shiba, Yasuro Futagawa, Yuichi Ishida, Katsuhiko Yanaga
AIM: To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of surgical patients with non-B non-C hepatocellular carcinoma (NBNC-HCC) compared to those of hepatitis B virus (HBV)- and hepatitis C virus (HCV)-HCC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Clinical data and outcomes were compared among the three groups. Prognostic factors of patients with NBNC-HCC were investigated. RESULTS: Compared to HBV-HCC, patients with NBNC-HCC had higher chance of hypertension (HTN) (p<0...
June 2017: Anticancer Research
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