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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635664/adolescent-exposure-to-the-synthetic-cannabinoid-win-55212-2-modifies-cocaine-withdrawal-symptoms-in-adult-mice
#1
María A Aguilar, Juan Carlos Ledesma, Marta Rodríguez-Arias, Carles Penalva, Carmen Manzanedo, José Miñarro, M Carmen Arenas
Chronic cannabinoid consumption is an increasingly common behavior among teenagers and has been shown to cause long-lasting neurobehavioral alterations. Besides, it has been demonstrated that cocaine addiction in adulthood is highly correlated with cannabis abuse during adolescence. Cocaine consumption and subsequent abstinence from it can cause psychiatric symptoms, such as psychosis, cognitive impairment, anxiety, and depression. The aim of the present research was to study the consequences of adolescent exposure to cannabis on the psychiatric-like effects promoted by cocaine withdrawal in adult mice...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633688/normative-development-of-the-child-behavior-checklist-dysregulation-profile-from-early-childhood-to-adolescence-associations-with-personality-pathology
#2
Marike H F Deutz, Helen G M Vossen, Amaranta D De Haan, Maja Deković, Anneloes L Van Baar, Peter Prinzie
The Dysregulation Profile (DP) is a broad indicator of concurrent affective, behavioral, and cognitive dysregulation, often measured with the anxious/depressed, aggressive behavior, and attention problems syndrome scales of the Child Behavior Checklist. Despite an expanding body of research on the DP, knowledge of the normative developmental course of the DP from early childhood to adolescence is lacking. Furthermore, although we know that the DP longitudinally predicts personality pathology, no research yet has examined whether next to the DP in early childhood, the rate of change of the DP across development predicts personality pathology...
June 21, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631978/structural-and-predictive-properties-of-the-emotional-quotient-inventory-youth-version-short-form-eq-i-yv-s
#3
Sarah K Davis, Michael Wigelsworth
Emotional intelligence (EI) is a popular construct with concentrated areas of application in education and health contexts. There is a need for reliable and valid measurement of EI in young people, with brief yet sensitive measures of the construct preferable for use in time-limited settings. However, the proliferation of EI measures has often outpaced rigorous psychometric evaluation (Gignac, 2009 ). Using data from 849 adolescents (407 females, 422 males) aged 11 to 16 years (M age 13.4, SD = 1.2 years), this article systematically examines the structural and predictive properties of a frequently employed measure of adolescent trait EI-the Emotional Quotient Inventory Youth Version-Short Form (EQ-i:YV[S]); Bar-On & Parker, 2000 )...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630250/amplification-of-mglu5-endocannabinoid-signaling-rescues-behavioral-and-synaptic-deficits-in-a-mouse-model-of-adolescent-and-adult-dietary-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-imbalance
#4
Antonia Manduca, Anissa Bara, Thomas Larrieu, Olivier Lassalle, Corinne Joffre, Sophie Layé, Olivier J Manzoni
Energy-dense, yet nutritionally-poor food is a high-risk factor for mental health disorders. This is of particular concern during adolescence, a period often associated with increased consumption of low nutritional content food and higher prevalence of mental health disorders. Indeed, there is an urgent need to understand the mechanisms linking unhealthy diet and mental disorders. Deficiency in n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFAs) is a hallmark of poor nutrition and mood disorders. Here, we developed a mouse model of n-3 PUFAs deficiency lasting from adolescence into adulthood...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629784/-from-paediatric-urological-care-to-adult-urology-assessment-of-a-transition-consultation-for-adolescents
#5
L Even, S Mouttalib, J Moscovici, M Soulie, P Rischmann, X Game, P Galinier, O Bouali
To provide an adequate lifelong urological care in the complex period of adolescence, a transition consultation conducted by a paediatric surgeon and an urologist was developed in our institution. As a real rite of passage, it allows the follow-up and the adapted care of urological conditions, sometimes complex, and permits the transition between childhood and the world of grown-ups. We reported our experience at the Children Hospital of our institution (paediatric surgery and urology departments). During a 6 months period (January-July 2015), forty-five young adults with a mean age of 17...
June 16, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628767/multi-modal-neuroimaging-of-adolescents-with-non-suicidal-self-injury-amygdala-functional-connectivity
#6
Melinda Westlund Schreiner, Bonnie Klimes-Dougan, Bryon A Mueller, Lynn E Eberly, Kristina M Reigstad, Patricia A Carstedt, Kathleen M Thomas, Ruskin H Hunt, Kelvin O Lim, Kathryn R Cullen
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a significant mental health problem among adolescents. Research is needed to clarify the neurobiology of NSSI and identify candidate neurobiological targets for interventions. Based on prior research implicating heightened negative affect and amygdala hyperactivity in NSSI, we pursued a systems approach to characterize amygdala functional connectivity networks during rest (resting-state functional connectivity [RSFC)]) and a task (task functional connectivity [TFC]) in adolescents with NSSI...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628762/white-matter-microstructure-in-boys-with-persistent-depressive-disorder
#7
Veronika Vilgis, Alasdair Vance, Ross Cunnington, Timothy J Silk
BACKGROUND: Persistent depressive symptoms in children and adolescents are considered a risk factor for the development of major depressive disorder (MDD) later in life. Previous research has shown alterations in white matter microstructure in pediatric MDD but discrepancies exist as to the specific tracts affected. The current study aimed to improve upon previous methodology and address the question whether previous findings of lower fractional anisotropy (FA) replicate in a sample of children with persistent depressive disorder characterized by mild but more chronic symptoms of depression...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627105/reverie-informed-research-interviewing
#8
Joshua Holmes
Drawing on Thomas Ogden's notion of 'reverie', the role of self-reflection in research interviewing is explored. Ogden views reverie as a co-created intersubjective phenomenon, a 'third', distinct from both analyst and patient. Two face-to-face research interviews with adolescent depression sufferers are described, showing how reverie can be used to help overcome impasse, and develop research hypotheses. Participant-centred research interviews were thus shown to be enhanced by psychoanalytically informed self-reflection as accessed through reverie...
June 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625180/abortion-and-subsequent-depressive-symptoms-an-analysis-of-the-national-longitudinal-study-of-adolescent-health
#9
A M Gomez
BACKGROUND: Twenty states currently require that women seeking abortion be counseled on possible psychological responses, with six states stressing negative responses. The majority of research finds that women whose unwanted pregnancies end in abortion do not subsequently have adverse mental health outcomes; scant research examines this relationship for young women. METHODS: Four waves of data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health were analyzed...
June 19, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624964/relations-between-executive-functions-social-impairment-and-friendship-quality-on-adjustment-among-high-functioning-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Rebecca W Lieb, Amy M Bohnert
High functioning adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) often have adjustment difficulties, specifically loneliness and depression. To better understand contributing factors, the current study evaluated associations between several Executive Function (EF) domains, social impairment, and friendship quality on depressive symptoms and loneliness in this population. Participants included 127 high functioning ASD adolescents and a parent/caregiver. Results indicated significant levels of parent-reported EF impairment which were positively correlated with increased levels of loneliness and depressive symptoms...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624602/the-mediating-effects-of-depressive-symptoms-and-sleep-quality-on-the-relationship-between-the-non-medical-use-of-prescription-drugs-and-suicidal-behaviors-among-chinese-adolescents
#11
Juan Wang, Yan Xu, Lan Guo, Jian-Xiong Deng, Jing-Hui Huang, Guo-Liang Huang, Xue Gao, Hong Wu, Si-Yuan Pan, Ci-Yong Lu
BACKGROUND: The nature of the relationship between the non-medical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD) and suicide has not been clearly elucidated. Some studies have suggested that the relationship between substance use and suicidal ideation may be spurious and could be explained by other variables. METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study was performed in Guangzhou. A total of 5853 students completed questionnaires and were included in the study. NMUPD, alcohol use, illicit drug use, depressive symptoms, sleep quality, and suicidal behaviors were assessed...
June 15, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623769/the-promotive-effects-of-peer-support-and-active-coping-on-the-relationship-between-bullying-victimization-and-depression-among-chinese-boarding-students
#12
Xue-Qin Yin, Li-Hui Wang, Guo-Dong Zhang, Xiao-Bing Liang, Jason Li, Marc A Zimmerman, Jin-Liang Wang
We examined the relationship between bully victimization experience and depression in rural adolescents and analyzed the moderating roles of peer support and active coping in male and female students. The sample comprised N=755 adolescents (376 females) with a mean age of 13.52 years. Through structural model and multi-group analysis, the results indicated: (1) a significant gender difference on the positive association between bullying victimization and depression; (2) peer support had a directly negative effect on depression among all boarding adolescents; and (3) significant moderating effect of active coping on the association between victimization and depression, without significant gender difference...
June 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623624/effect-of-parenting-and-peer-stressors-on-cognitive-vulnerability-and-risk-for-depression-among-youth
#13
Caroline W Oppenheimer, Benjamin L Hankin, Jami Young
Parenting behaviors influence clinical depression among youth, but little is known about the developmental processes that may account for this association. This study investigated whether parenting is associated with the onset of clinical depression and depressive symptoms through negative cognitive style, particularly under conditions of high exposure to stressors, in a community sample of children and adolescents (N = 275; 59% girls). Observational methods were used to assess positive and negative parenting during a laboratory social-evaluative stressor task...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623183/phone-based-interventions-in-adolescent-psychiatry-a-perspective-and-proof-of-concept-pilot-study-with-a-focus-on-depression-and-autism
#14
Robert Yuzen Chen, Jordan Robert Feltes, William Shun Tzeng, Zoe Yunzhu Lu, Michael Pan, Nan Zhao, Rebecca Talkin, Kavon Javaherian, Anne Glowinski, Will Ross
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine has emerged as an innovative platform to diagnose and treat psychiatric disorders in a cost-effective fashion. Previous studies have laid the functional framework for monitoring and treating child psychiatric disorders electronically using videoconferencing, mobile phones (smartphones), and Web-based apps. However, phone call and text message (short message service, SMS) interventions in adolescent psychiatry are less studied than other electronic platforms. Further investigations on the development of these interventions are needed...
June 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622815/effects-of-a-brief-ed-based-alcohol-and-violence-intervention-on-depressive-symptoms
#15
Megan L Ranney, Jason Goldstick, Andria Eisman, Patrick M Carter, Maureen Walton, Rebecca M Cunningham
OBJECTIVE: Depressive symptoms frequently co-exist in adolescents with alcohol use and peer violence. This paper's purpose was to examine the secondary effects of a brief alcohol-and-violence-focused ED intervention on depressive symptoms. METHOD: Adolescents (ages 14-18) presenting to an ED for any reason, reporting past year alcohol use and aggression, were enrolled in a randomized control trial (control, therapist-delivered brief intervention [TBI], or computer-delivered brief intervention [CBI])...
May 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622159/weeding-out-the-justification-for-marijuana-treatment-in-patients-with-developmental-and-behavioral-conditions
#16
Theodora Nelson, Yi Hui Liu, Kara S Bagot, Martin T Stein
Alex is a 13-year-old adolescent with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-combined type, anxiety, and depression. He has been resistant to engaging in therapy and treatment with various medications has been unsuccessful. Alex's parents are concerned about his anxiety, isolation, oppositional behaviors, academic underachievement, truancy, and substance use. A recent altercation with his stepfather led to a police intervention and a brief removal of Alex from the home...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621485/the-conundrums-of-human-development-implications-for-the-study-of-child-and-adolescent-disorder
#17
EDITORIAL
Alice M Gregory
The conundrums inherent in the study of child and adolescent development are likely never far from the minds of the readers of JCPP. The complexity of development is flagged clearly in this issue. Included papers remind us that the link between associations (here maternal depression and child internalising problems) can change over short time periods. Even when the magnitude of associations stay consistent over time (here between the home environment and depression), there may be different aetiological processes underlying these links...
July 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620285/the-evidence-for-altered-bdnf-expression-in-the-brain-of-rats-reared-or-housed-in-social-isolation-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Jana Murínová, Nataša Hlaváčová, Magdaléna Chmelová, Igor Riečanský
There is evidence that development and maintenance of neural connections are disrupted in major mental disorders, which indicates that neurotrophic factors could play a critical role in their pathogenesis. Stress is a well-established risk factor for psychopathology and recent research suggests that disrupted signaling via brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) may be involved in mediating the negative effects of stress on the brain. Social isolation of rats elicits chronic stress and is widely used as an animal model of mental disorders such as schizophrenia and depression...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620276/an-analysis-of-a-novel-short-term-therapeutic-psychoeducational-program-for-children-and-adolescents-with-chronic-neurological-illness-and-their-parents-feasibility-and-efficacy
#19
Bonglim Joo, Young-Mock Lee, Heung Dong Kim, Soyong Eom
The purpose of this intervention was to develop a therapeutic psycho-educational program that improves quality of life in children and adolescents who are experiencing chronic neurological illness, including epilepsy, and their parents, and to analyze the intervention's feasibility and efficacy and participants' satisfaction. Participants were eight children (n = 8) and adolescents and their parents; participating children were experiencing chronic neurological illness with psychological comorbidity; children with intellectual impairment were excluded (IQ < 80)...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619470/whole-body-hyperthermia-and-a-subthreshold-dose-of-citalopram-act-synergistically-to-induce-antidepressant-like-behavioral-responses-in-adolescent-rats
#20
Matthew W Hale, Jodi L Lukkes, Kathleen F Dady, Kyle J Kelly, Evan D Paul, David G Smith, Charles L Raison, Christopher A Lowry
BACKGROUND: Open and randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled clinical trials have demonstrated clinical efficacy of infrared whole-body hyperthermia in treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD). Demonstration of antidepressant-like behavioral effects of whole-body hyperthermia in preclinical rodent models would provide further support for the clinical use of infrared whole-body hyperthermia for the treatment of MDD, and would provide additional opportunities to explore underlying mechanisms...
June 12, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
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