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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340124/depressive-symptoms-and-involvement-in-physical-fighting-among-portuguese-adolescents
#1
Silvia Fraga, Elisabete Ramos, Henrique Barros
In this article, authors present findings on the relationship between depressive symptoms and involvement in physical fighting in late adolescence. Participants were 1,380 Portuguese adolescents initially recruited in 2003 to the EPITeen cohort. Depressive symptoms were assessed at 13 and 17 years of age using Beck Depressive Inventory II (BDI). Physical fighting was recorded at the age of 17. For girls, there was a significant association between depressive symptoms and physical fighting for those who scored BDI >13 at 17 years old and remained statistically significant after adjustment...
March 9, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340118/group-music-therapy-as-a-preventive-intervention-for-young-people-at-risk-cluster-randomized-trial
#2
Christian Gold, Suvi Saarikallio, Alexander Hew Dale Crooke, Katrina Skewes McFerran
Background: Music forms an important part of the lives and identities of adolescents and may have positive or negative mental health implications. Music therapy can be effective for mental disorders such as depression, but its preventive potential is unknown. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine whether group music therapy (GMT) is an effective intervention for young people who may be at risk of developing mental health problems, as indicated via unhealthy music use...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338919/genetic-overlap-between-schizophrenia-and-developmental-psychopathology-longitudinal-and-multivariate-polygenic-risk-prediction-of-common-psychiatric-traits-during-development
#3
Michel G Nivard, Suzanne H Gage, Jouke J Hottenga, Catharina E M van Beijsterveldt, Abdel Abdellaoui, Meike Bartels, Bart M L Baselmans, Lannie Ligthart, Beate St Pourcain, Dorret I Boomsma, Marcus R Munafò, Christel M Middeldorp
BACKGROUND: Several nonpsychotic psychiatric disorders in childhood and adolescence can precede the onset of schizophrenia, but the etiology of this relationship remains unclear. We investigated to what extent the association between schizophrenia and psychiatric disorders in childhood is explained by correlated genetic risk factors. METHODS: Polygenic risk scores (PRS), reflecting an individual's genetic risk for schizophrenia, were constructed for 2588 children from the Netherlands Twin Register (NTR) and 6127 from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents And Children (ALSPAC)...
March 11, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338795/-mom-i-don-t-want-to-hear-it-brain-response-to-maternal-praise-and-criticism-in-adolescents-with-major-depressive-disorder
#4
Jennifer S Silk, Kyung Hwa Lee, Rosalind D Elliott, Jill M Hooley, Ronald E Dahl, Anita Barber, Greg J Siegle
Recent research has implicated altered neural response to interpersonal feedback as an important factor in adolescent depression, with existing studies focusing on responses to feedback from virtual peers. We investigated whether depressed adolescents differed from healthy youth in neural response to social evaluative feedback from mothers. During neuroimaging, twenty adolescents in a current episode of major depressive disorder (MDD) and 28 healthy controls listened to previously recorded audio clips of their own mothers' praise, criticism and neutral comments...
February 17, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338644/clinical-hypnosis-an-effective-mind-body-modality-for-adolescents-with-behavioral-and-physical-complaints
#5
REVIEW
Anju Sawni, Cora Collette Breuner
Mind-body medicine is a system of health practices that includes meditation/relaxation training, guided imagery, hypnosis, biofeedback, yoga, art/music therapy, prayer, t'ai chi, and psychological therapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy. Clinical hypnosis is an important mind-body tool that serves as an adjunct to conventional medical care for the adolescent patient. Clinical hypnosis specifically uses self-directed therapeutic suggestions to cultivate the imagination and facilitate the mind-body connection, leading to positive emotional and physical well-being...
March 24, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334061/instrumental-variable-estimation-of-causal-odds-ratios-using-structural-nested-mean-models
#6
Roland A Matsouaka, Eric J Tchetgen Tchetgen
We consider estimating causal odds ratios using an instrumental variable under a logistic structural nested mean model (LSNMM). Current methods for LSNMMs either rely heavily on possible "uncongenial" modeling assumptions or involve intricate numerical challenges, which have impeded their use. In this article, we present an alternative method that ensures a congenial parametrization, circumvents computational complexity of existing methods, and is easy to implement. We illustrate the proposed method to (1) estimate the causal effect of years of education on earnings using data from the NLSYM and (2) assess the impact of moving families from high to low-poverty neighborhoods had on lifetime major depressive disorder among adolescents in the "Moving to Opportunity (MTO) for Fair Housing Demonstration Project" from the Department of Housing and Urban Development...
February 6, 2017: Biostatistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333546/pharmacokinetics-and-safety-of-vortioxetine-in-pediatric-patients
#7
Robert L Findling, Adelaide S Robb, Melissa DelBello, Michael Huss, Nora McNamara, Elias Sarkis, Russell Scheffer, Lis H Poulsen, Grace Chen, Ole Michael Lemming, Johan Areberg, Philippe Auby
OBJECTIVE: The primary objectives of this study were to evaluate the pharmacokinetics (PK) and tolerability of single and multiple doses of vortioxetine in children and adolescents with a depressive or anxiety disorder and to provide supportive information for appropriate dosing regimens for pediatric clinical trials. METHODS: This prospective, open-label, multinational, multisite, multiple-dose trial enrolled 48 patients (children and adolescents; 1:1 ratio) divided into 8 cohorts (4 adolescent and 4 child), with each cohort including 6 patients...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332858/modified-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-in-depressed-adolescents-a-pilot-study
#8
Deirdre A Conroy, Alison M Czopp, Dawn M Dore-Stites, Richard R Dopp, Roseanne Armitage, Timothy F Hoban, J Todd Arnedt
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to pilot a five-week insomnia treatment in adolescents with major depressive disorder (MDD) and insomnia. This was an open-label trial of a modified-group cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTI). PARTICIPANTS: Adolescents with MDD (n = 16; mean age = 17.3 +/- 1.7), characterized by the Children's Depression Rating Scale-Revised T-score ≥ 55 and insomnia, characterized by > 30 min to fall or return to sleep and an Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) score of ≥ 7 participated...
March 23, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330583/pregnant-adolescent-women-s-perceptions-of-depression-and-psychiatric-services-in-the-united-states
#9
Sarah E Bledsoe, Cynthia F Rizo, Traci L Wike, Candace Killian-Farrell, Julia Wessel, Anne-Marie O Bellows, Alison Doernberg
PROBLEM: Adolescent mothers and their children are at high-risk for depression and the associated negative educational, social, health, and economic outcomes. BACKGROUND: However, few pregnant adolescent women with depression receive psychiatric services, especially low-income or racial/ethnic minority adolescent women. AIM: This qualitative study explores perceptions of depression, psychiatric services, and barriers to accessing services in a sample of low-income, pregnant racial/ethnic minority adolescent women...
March 15, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328739/effects-of-a-brief-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-group-intervention-on-baseline-brain-perfusion-in-adolescents-with-major-depressive-disorder
#10
Zrinka Sosic-Vasic, Birgit Abler, Georg Grön, Paul Plener, Joana Straub
A number of neuroimaging studies have identified altered regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) related to major depressive disorder (MDD) in adult samples, particularly in the lateral prefrontal, cingular and temporal regions. In contrast, neuroimaging investigations in adolescents with MDD are rare, although investigating young patients during a significant period of brain maturation might offer valuable insights into the neural mechanisms of MDD. We acquired perfusion images obtained with continuous arterial spin labelling in 21 medication-naive adolescents with MDD before and after a five-session cognitive behavioural group therapy (group CBT)...
March 21, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328738/inhibition-of-hippocampal-long-term-potentiation-by-high-fat-diets-is-it-related-to-an-effect-of-palmitic-acid-involving-glycogen-synthase-kinase-3
#11
Ana Contreras, Danila Del Rio, Ana Martínez, Carmen Gil, Lidia Morales, Mariano Ruiz-Gayo, Nuria Del Olmo
High-fat diets (HFD) impair hippocampal-dependent learning and memory and produce important changes in synaptic transmission by enhancing glutamate uptake, decreasing synaptic efficacy, and inhibiting plasticity mechanisms such as N-methyl-D-aspartate-mediated long-term depression (LTD) within the hippocampus. Adolescent animals seem to be particularly susceptible to the detrimental effect of HFD as dietary treatments carried out between weaning and early adulthood are much more efficient in terms of hippocampal damage that those carried out during the adult period...
March 21, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328699/a-mindfulness-program-adapted-for-adolescents-with-chronic-pain-feasibility-acceptability-and-initial-outcomes
#12
Danielle A Ruskin, Michelle M Gagnon, Sara A Kohut, Jennifer N Stinson, Kathryn S Walker
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric chronic pain is a major health issue which can lead to significant interference in daily functioning. Mindfulness-based interventions (MBI's), which emphasize acceptance rather than control of pain, have gained increasing attention as a viable treatment option among adults with chronic pain. The effectiveness of MBIs for chronic pain in pediatric populations remains largely unknown. This prospective pre-post interventional study was conducted to examine the feasibility, acceptability, and initial effectiveness of an 8-week group MBI for adolescents (MBI-A) with chronic pain...
March 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327447/effect-of-motivational-interviewing-on-depression-scale-scores-of-adolescents-with-obesity-and-overweight
#13
Silvia Freira, Marina Serra Lemos, Geoffrey Williams, Marta Ribeiro, Fernanda Pena, Maria do Céu Machado
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of motivational interview (MI) with conventional care on the depression scale scores of adolescents with obesity/overweight. It was a controlled cluster randomized trial with parallel design, including two groups: intervention group [Motivational Interview Group (MIG)], control group [Conventional Intervention Group (CIG)]. INTERVENTION: three face-to-face 30min' interviews three months apart (only MIG interviews were based on MI principles)...
March 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327416/associations-between-adolescent-experiences-of-violence-in-malawi-and-gender-based-attitudes-internalizing-and-externalizing-behaviors
#14
Vira Ameli, Franziska Meinck, Alistair Munthali, Boniface Ushie, Lisa Langhaug
Little is known about adolescent exposure to and factors associated with violence in Malawi. The aim of this research was to describe the prevalence of exposure to violence among adolescents in Malawi, and test the hypotheses that such exposures are associated with gender-based violent attitudes, and with internalizing and externalizing problems. In 2014, 561 primary school pupils were interviewed (50% girls), and logistic regression analysis was performed on gender-stratified data, adjusting for sociodemographic differences...
March 16, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326161/the-underlying-dimensions-of-dsm-5-ptsd-symptoms-and-their-relations-with-anxiety-and-depression-in-a-sample-of-adolescents-exposed-to-an-explosion-accident
#15
Haibo Yang, Li Wang, Chengqi Cao, Xing Cao, Ruojiao Fang, Jianxin Zhang, Jon D Elhai
Background: A large number of empirical studies pertaining to the latent dimensions of DSM-5 PTSD symptoms have accumulated. However, there is still a lack of studies specific to youths. Objective: This study sought to investigate the latent dimensions of DSM-5 PTSD symptoms in a sample of adolescents exposed to an explosion accident. Method: Participants were 836 students (407 females and 428 males). Self-reported measures including the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 and the anxiety and depression subscales of the 21-item Depression Anxiety Stress Scale were administered to participants...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326115/self-injury-and-suicide-attempt-in-relation-with-trauma-and-dissociation-among-adolescents-with-dissociative-and-non-dissociative-disorders
#16
Filiz Kılıç, Murat Coşkun, Hasan Bozkurt, İlyas Kaya, Salih Zoroğlu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the role of trauma and dissociation over self-injurious behaviors (SIB) and suicide attempts (SA) in adolescents. METHODS: A total of 207 adolescents participated in the study. After conducting diagnostic interview, participants were divided into five groups as subjects with dissociative disorders (DD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), major depressive disorder (MDD) and anxiety disorders (AD), and a control group (CG) without any psychiatric disorder...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326057/psychometric-properties-of-the-chinese-shortened-version-of-the-zuckerman-kuhlman-personality-questionnaire-in-a-sample-of-adolescents-and-young-adults
#17
Daoyang Wang, Mingming Hu, Chanjin Zheng, Zhengguang Liu
Introduction: The original 89-item Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire (form III Revised, ZKPQ-III-R) is a widely accepted and used self-report measure for personality traits. This study assessed the reliability and construct validity of the Chinese short 46-item version of the ZKPQ-III-R in a sample of adolescents and young adults. Methodology: A total of 1,019 Chinese adolescents and young adults completed the Chinese version of the original 89-item version ZKPQ-III-R and short 46-item version ZKPQ-III-R, self-report measures of depression, life satisfaction, and subjective health complaints (SHC), the Big Five personality traits, and a substance use risk profile...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325174/the-relationship-between-adolescent-rumination-and-maternal-rumination-criticism-and-positivity
#18
Jessica L Douglas, Deirdre Williams, Shirley Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Rumination predicts depression in adults and adolescents. The development of rumination has been linked to parenting practices, but only limited research has investigated this and research has tended to rely on self-report parenting measures. AIMS: To investigate the relationship between female adolescent rumination and maternal modelling, criticism and positivity using an observational measure of parental behaviour. METHOD: A cross-sectional design was used...
March 22, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324806/social-networking-site-sns-use-by-adolescent-mothers-can-social-support-and-social-capital-be-enhanced-by-online-social-networks-a-structured-review-of-the-literature
#19
REVIEW
Samantha Nolan, Joyce Hendricks, Sally Ferguson, Amanda Towell
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: to critically appraise the available literature and summarise the evidence relating to adolescent mothers' use of social networking sites in terms of any social support and social capital they may provide and to identify areas for future exploration. BACKGROUND: social networking sites have been demonstrated to provide social support to marginalised individuals and provide psycho-social benefits to members of such groups. Adolescent mothers are at risk of; social marginalisation; anxiety disorders and depressive symptoms; and poorer health and educational outcomes for their children...
March 7, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324796/individual-mental-health-life-course-events-and-dynamic-neighbourhood-change-during-the-transition-to-adulthood
#20
Noli Brazil, William A V Clark
Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, this study examines the relationship between significant changes in neighbourhood poverty during the transition to adulthood and shifts in depressive symptoms. We found that associations between changes in neighbourhood poverty and mental health disappeared after controlling for contemporaneous life course events, specifically transitions associated with intimate relationship building and human capital formation. The exception is a decrease in depressive symptoms for females moving into lower poverty neighbourhoods across the entire transition to adulthood period...
March 18, 2017: Health & Place
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