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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426888/adolescent-depression-differential-symptom-presentations-in-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-youth-using-the-patient-health-questionnaire-9
#1
Melanie L Bozzay, Kimberly N O'Leary, Alessandro S De Nadai, Kim Gryglewicz, Gabriela Romero, Marc S Karver
The present study examined differences in symptom presentation in screening for pediatric depression via evaluation of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). In particular, we examined whether PHQ-9 items function differentially among deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHH; n = 75) and hearing (n = 75) youth based on participants recruited from crisis assessment services. Multiple indicators multiple causes models were used to examine whether items of the PHQ-9 functioned differently between groups as well as whether there were group differences in the mean severity of depressive symptoms...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426640/announcement-sleep-awareness-week-april-23-29-2017
#2
(no author information available yet)
Sleep Awareness Week, the National Sleep Foundation's annual campaign to educate the public about the importance of sleep in health and safety, will be observed April 23-29, 2017. The amount of sleep a person needs changes with age. Adults need ≥7 hours each night to promote optimal health and well-being (1); children and adolescents require even more sleep. Sleep needs decrease from 12-16 hours of sleep per 24 hours (including naps) for infants aged 4-12 months to 8-10 hours of sleep for teenagers aged 13-18 years (2)...
April 21, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426363/social-risk-and-protective-factors-in-adolescents-reduction-and-cessation-of-alcohol-use
#3
Tyrone C Cheng, Celia C Lo
BACKGROUND: Adolescents' alcohol use is related to many health problems, injuries, and violent acts, some with fatal consequences. A gap exists in the literature discussing risk/protective factors in change from non-heavy drinking to non-drinking, and also for change from heavy drinking to non-heavy drinking or non-drinking. OBJECTIVE: This secondary study examined some risk and protective factors involved when adolescent non-heavy drinkers and adolescent heavy drinkers curb or terminate their drinking...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425737/time-varying-and-time-invariant-dimensions-of-depression-in-children-and-adolescents-implications-for-cross-informant-agreement
#4
David A Cole, Joan M Martin, Farrah M Jacquez, Jane M Tram, Rachel Zelkowitz, Elizabeth A Nick, Jason D Rights
The longitudinal structure of depression in children and adolescents was examined by applying a Trait-State-Occasion structural equation model to 4 waves of self, teacher, peer, and parent reports in 2 age groups (9 to 13 and 13 to 16 years old). Analyses revealed that the depression latent variable consisted of 2 longitudinal factors: a time-invariant dimension that was completely stable over time and a time-varying dimension that was not perfectly stable over time. Different sources of information were differentially sensitive to these 2 dimensions...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425734/a-within-person-approach-to-risk-for-suicidal-ideation-and-suicidal-behavior-examining-the-roles-of-depression-stress-and-abuse-exposure
#5
Adam Bryant Miller, Tory Eisenlohr-Moul, Matteo Giletta, Paul D Hastings, Karen D Rudolph, Matthew K Nock, Mitchell J Prinstein
OBJECTIVE: This study tests a novel, within-person model that reexamines depression and stress as risk factors for suicidal ideation and behavior among adolescent girls with and without sexual/physical abuse histories. METHOD: This longitudinal study includes data from 220 adolescent girls between 12 and 16 years of age (M = 14.69 years, SD = 1.37; 61% White). At baseline, adolescents reported the presence or absence of prior abuse as part of a clinical interview...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425688/pediatric-epilepsy-and-psychiatric-comorbidity-preliminary-observational-data-from-a-prospective-study
#6
Michela Gatta, Alessia Raffagnato, Stefania Mannarini, Laura Balottin, Irene Toldo, Marilena Vecchi, Clementina Boniver
BACKGROUND: Several studies have confirmed psychiatric comorbidity and a worse quality of life in children with epilepsy, but the clinical assessment and monitoring of these patients often pays insufficient attention to their psychological aspects alongside their neurological issues. The present study aims to describe the distribution of psychopathologies and their clinical evolution over 18 months in a sample of children followed up since the onset of their epilepsy. METHODS: After being diagnosed with epilepsy, 49 subjects (age 4-18y) were followed up with psychiatric and psychological assessments based on the use of dimensional and categorical psychometric tools...
April 20, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424378/-recognition-care-and-prevention-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-adults
#7
Zoltán Rihmer, Attila Németh, Tamás Kurimay, Dóra Perczel-Forintos, György Purebl, Péter Döme
Suicide is a major public health problem everywhere in the world and in the WHO European Region suicide accounts for over 120,000 deaths per year. 1. Recognition and diagnosis: An underlying psychiatric disorder is present in up to 90% of people who completed suicide. Comorbidity with depression, anxiety, substance abuse and personality disorders is high. In order to achieve successful prevention of suicidality, adequate diagnostic procedures and appropriate treatment for the underlying disorder are essential...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421391/epidemiology-of-suicide-attempts-among-youth-transitioning-to-adulthood
#8
Martie P Thompson, Kevin Swartout
Suicide is the second leading cause of death for older adolescents and young adults. Although empirical literature has identified important risk factors of suicidal behavior, it is less understood if changes in risk factors correspond with changes in suicide risk. To address this knowledge gap, we assessed if there were different trajectories of suicidal behavior as youth transition into young adulthood and determined what time-varying risk factors predicted these trajectories. This study used four waves of data spanning approximately 13 years from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421013/the-blurred-future-of-adolescent-gamblers-impulsivity-time-horizon-and-emotional-distress
#9
Giovanna Nigro, Marina Cosenza, Maria Ciccarelli
The main purpose of this study was to investigate the interplay of functional and dysfunctional impulsivity, delay discounting, time perspective, and emotional negative states on gambling severity in Italian adolescents. A second aim of the study was to analyze the developmental trajectories of gambling involvement, functional and dysfunctional impulsivity, delay discounting, consideration of future consequences, and negative affectivity in a cross-sectional perspective. One thousand and ten Italian adolescents aging between 12 and 19 years were administered the South Oaks Gambling Screen Revised for Adolescents (SOGS-RA), the Functional and Dysfunctional Impulsivity Scale (FDIS), the Monetary Choice Questionnaire (MCQ), the Consideration of Future Consequences Scale (CFC-14), and the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scales-21 (DASS-21)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420454/genetic-and-environmental-influences-on-the-codevelopment-among-borderline-personality-disorder-traits-major-depression-symptoms-and-substance-use-disorder-symptoms-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#10
Marina A Bornovalova, Brad Verhulst, Troy Webber, Matt McGue, William G Iacono, Brian M Hicks
Although borderline personality disorder (BPD) traits decline from adolescence to adulthood, comorbid psychopathology such as symptoms of major depressive disorder (MDD), alcohol use disorder (AUD), and drug use disorders (DUDs) likely disrupt this normative decline. Using a longitudinal sample of female twins (N = 1,763), we examined if levels of BPD traits were correlated with changes in MDD, AUD, and DUD symptoms from ages 14 to 24. A parallel process biometric latent growth model examined the contributions of genetic and environmental factors to the relationships between developmental components of these phenotypes...
April 19, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419918/internal-shifting-impairments-in-response-to-emotional-information-in-dysphoric-adolescents
#11
Laura Wante, Sven C Mueller, Ineke Demeyer, Tiffany Naets, Caroline Braet
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have suggested that internal cognitive control impairments may play an important role in the development of depression. Despite a growing body of research in adults, the ability to shift internal attention between mental representations in working memory has received little attention in younger populations. This study investigated internal shifting capacity between emotional and non-emotional information in dysphoric and non-dysphoric adolescents...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419661/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-stabilises-glycaemic-control-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-outcomes-from-a-randomised-control-trial
#12
Christina Wei, Ruth J Allen, Patricia M Tallis, Fiona J Ryan, Linda P Hunt, Julian Ph Shield, Elizabeth C Crowne
BACKGROUND: To compare the impact of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) with non-directive supportive counselling (NDC) on glycaemic control and psychological well-being in adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants aged 11 to 16 years with T1DM (duration ≥1 year) from 4 UK-based paediatric diabetes centres were randomised to receive either 6 weekly sessions of 1-to-1 CBT (n = 43) or NDC (n = 42), with 2 further sessions at 6 and 12 months...
April 17, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417545/gender-composition-of-the-occupation-sexual-orientation-and-mental-health-in-young-adulthood
#13
Koji Ueno, Preeti Vaghela, Amanda N Nix
The gender composition of the occupation has important implications for work conditions, rewards, and experiences, but little is known about whether it impacts workers' mental health. The present study seeks to answer this question by focusing on depressive symptoms and drug dependence symptoms as mental health outcomes and young adulthood as the life course context. The study further examines whether the association varies by sexual orientation, considering that occupational gender composition affects levels of stress exposure and social support availability in different ways for heterosexuals and sexual minorities...
April 18, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417515/do-maternal-depression-and-anxiety-influence-children-s-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#14
Francine Dos Santos Costa, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco, Marília Leão Goettems
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the influence of depressive and anxiety symptoms in young mothers on their perception in relation to their children's oral health-related quality of life (COHRQoL). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out in Pelotas, Southern Brazil, and it was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers having their prenatal care in public health service, starting in 2008. When the children were aged 24-36 months, they and their mothers were interviewed and submitted to clinical examination by a trained team...
April 17, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416810/the-joint-impact-of-cognitive-performance-in-adolescence-and-familial-cognitive-aptitude-on-risk-for-major-psychiatric-disorders-a-delineation-of-four-potential-pathways-to-illness
#15
K S Kendler, H Ohlsson, R S E Keefe, K Sundquist, J Sundquist
How do joint measures of premorbid cognitive ability and familial cognitive aptitude (FCA) reflect risk for a diversity of psychiatric and substance use disorders? To address this question, we examined, using Cox models, the predictive effects of school achievement (SA) measured at age 16 and FCA-assessed from SA in siblings and cousins, and educational attainment in parents-on risk for 12 major psychiatric syndromes in 1 140 608 Swedes born 1972-1990. Four developmental patterns emerged. In the first, risk was predicted jointly by low levels of SA and high levels of FCA-that is a level of SA lower than would be predicted from the FCA...
April 18, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415966/birth-by-caesarean-section-and-school-performance-in-swedish-adolescents-a-population-based-study
#16
Eileen A Curran, Louise C Kenny, Christina Dalman, Patricia M Kearney, John F Cryan, Timothy G Dinan, Ali S Khashan
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to assess the impact of obstetric mode of delivery, and in particular birth by Caesarean section (CS), on school performance in adolescents using a large, population-based cohort. METHODS: We extracted data from the Swedish Medical Birth Register and National School Register. We included all live singleton births in Sweden from 1982-1995 (n = 1,489,925). School grades were reported on a scale from 0 to 320, scores less than 160 (i...
April 17, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415879/depressive-symptom-trajectories-in-late-adolescence-and-early-adulthood-a-systematic-review
#17
Klaus Oliver Schubert, Scott R Clark, Linh K Van, Jane L Collinson, Bernhard T Baune
OBJECTIVE: In adolescents and young adults, depressive symptoms are highly prevalent and dynamic. For clinicians, it is difficult to determine whether a young person reporting depressive symptoms is at risk of developing ongoing mood difficulties or whether symptoms form part of a transient maturational process. Trajectory analyses of longitudinally assessed symptoms in large cohorts have the potential to untangle clinical heterogeneity by determining subgroups or classes of symptom course and their risk factors, by interrogating the impact of known or suspected risk factors on trajectory slope and intercept and by tracing the interrelation between depressive symptoms and other clinical outcomes over time...
May 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414965/response-to-a-mindful-self-compassion-intervention-in-teens-a-within-person-association-of-mindfulness-self-compassion-and-emotional-well-being-outcomes
#18
Karen Bluth, Tory A Eisenlohr-Moul
As adolescence can be a stressful developmental stage, the purpose of this study was to determine if a novel mindful self-compassion program would decrease stress, depressive symptoms, and anxiety and increase resilience, gratitude, and curiosity/exploration (positive risk-taking), and to ascertain if mindfulness and self-compassion co-varied with these outcomes over time. Forty-seven adolescents in the southeast U.S. enrolled in an 8-week mindful self-compassion course in five cohorts. Measures were assessed at pre-intervention, post-intervention, and 6-week follow-up...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414929/association-of-physical-injury-and-mental-health-results-from-the-national-comorbidity-survey-adolescent-supplement
#19
Jessica L Jenness, Cordelie E Witt, D Alex Quistberg, Brian D Johnston, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Jessica L Mackelprang, Katie A McLaughlin, Monica S Vavilala, Frederick P Rivara
Nonfatal injury is common among adolescents in the U.S., but little is known about the bi-directional associations between injury and mental health. Utilizing a nationally representative sample of U.S. adolescents, we examined 1) associations between lifetime mental health history and subsequent injury; 2) concurrent associations between injury and mental health; and 3) associations between injury and subsequent mental disorders. Data were drawn from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication-Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A), a national survey of adolescents aged 13 through 17 years (N = 10,123)...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414489/prospective-identification-of-adolescent-suicide-ideation-using-classification-tree-analysis-models-for-community-based-screening
#20
Ryan M Hill, Benjamin Oosterhoff, Julie B Kaplow
OBJECTIVE: Although a large number of risk markers for suicide ideation have been identified, little guidance has been provided to prospectively identify adolescents at risk for suicide ideation within community settings. The current study addressed this gap in the literature by utilizing classification tree analysis (CTA) to provide a decision-making model for screening adolescents at risk for suicide ideation. METHOD: Participants were N = 4,799 youth (Mage = 16...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
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