Read by QxMD icon Read


Petra Till, Marion E Pucher, Robert L Mach, Astrid R Mach-Aigner
Background: Due to its capability to secrete large quantities of plant biomass degrading enzymes (PBDE), Trichoderma reesei is widely applied for industrial purposes. In nature, expression of PBDE is efficiently regulated in this fungus. Several factors involved in this regulatory network have been identified. However, most of them are transcription factors. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) emerged as common players acting on epigenetic or transcriptional regulation in several eukaryotic organisms...
2018: Biotechnology for Biofuels
Funda Erol Cipe, Cigdem Aydogmus, Nina K Serwas, Gonca Keskindemirci, Kaan Boztuğ
PURPOSE: Adenosine deaminase 2 (ADA2) have been reported to cause vasculitic diseases and immunodeficiency recently. Patients present with stroke episodes and rashes mimicking polyarteritis nodosa (PAN). We report a patient who has been followed up with severe neutropenia and found an unexpectedly revealed novel mutation in CECR1 affecting ADA2. METHODS: We reviewed medical records and clinical history of the patient. No mutations in other known neutropenia genes such as ELA, G6PC3, HAX1, AP3B1, LAMTOR2, VPS13B, VPS45, GFI1, JAGN1, or WAS could be detected...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Immunology
Ying-Lan Li, Wen-Feng Cai, Lei Wang, Guan-Sheng Liu, Christian Paul, Lin Jiang, Boyu Wang, Xiang Gao, Yigang Wang, Shi-Zheng Wu
HCLS1 Associated Protein X-1 (HAX1) promotes cell survival through attenuation of the damaged signals from endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria, which are known as prominent intracellular compartments for the autophagic process under stress conditions. This study investigates whether autophagy can be upregulated in response to HAX1 overexpression and identifies the functional motif in HAX1 responsible for the autophagic induction. Autophagosome accumulation, mitochondrial membrane potential (Δψm), and apoptosis were assessed in HEK293 cells post transduction with full-length or truncated HAX1-encoding genes, while empty vector-transduced cells served as control...
May 2018: DNA and Cell Biology
Erik Pittermann, Nico Lachmann, Glenn MacLean, Stephan Emmrich, Mania Ackermann, Gudrun Göhring, Brigitte Schlegelberger, Karl Welte, Axel Schambach, Dirk Heckl, Stuart H Orkin, Tobias Cantz, Jan-Henning Klusmann
Severe congenital neutropenia (SCN, Kostmann disease) is a heritable disorder characterized by a granulocytic maturation arrest. Biallelic mutations in HCLS1 associated protein X-1 ( HAX1 ) are frequently detected in affected individuals, including those of the original pedigree described by Kostmann in 1956. To date, no faithful animal model has been established to study SCN mediated by HAX1 deficiency. Here we demonstrate defective neutrophilic differentiation and compensatory monocyte overproduction from patient-derived induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) carrying the homozygous HAX1 W44X nonsense mutation...
June 13, 2017: Blood Advances
Sukru Cekic, Halil Saglam, Orhan Gorukmez, Tahsin Yakut, Omer Tarim, Sara S Kilic
PURPOSE: Homozygous mutations in the HAX1 gene cause an autosomal recessive form of severe congenital neutropenia (SCN). There are limited data on cases of gonadal insufficiency that involve the HAX1 gene mutation. We aimed to evaluate the pubertal development and gonadal functions of our patients with a p.Trp44X mutation in the HAX1 gene. METHOD: Pubertal development, physical and laboratory findings of one male and seven female patients with HAX1 deficiency were evaluated...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Immunology
Julia Skokowa, David C Dale, Ivo P Touw, Cornelia Zeidler, Karl Welte
Severe congenital neutropenias are a heterogeneous group of rare haematological diseases characterized by impaired maturation of neutrophil granulocytes. Patients with severe congenital neutropenia are prone to recurrent, often life-threatening infections beginning in their first months of life. The most frequent pathogenic defects are autosomal dominant mutations in ELANE, which encodes neutrophil elastase, and autosomal recessive mutations in HAX1, whose product contributes to the activation of the granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) signalling pathway...
June 8, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
Xianyong Yin, Chris Bizon, Jeffrey Tilson, Yuan Lin, Ian R Gizer, Cindy L Ehlers, Kirk C Wilhelmsen
Nicotine dependence (ND) has a reported heritability of 40-70%. Low-coverage whole-genome sequencing was conducted in 1,889 samples from the UCSF Family study. Linear mixed models were used to conduct genome-wide association (GWA) tests of ND in this and five cohorts obtained from the database of Genotypes and Phenotypes. Fixed-effect meta-analysis was carried out separately for European (n = 14,713) and African (n = 3,369) participants, and then in a combined analysis of both ancestral groups. The meta-analysis of African participants identified a significant and novel susceptibility signal (rs56247223; p = 4...
April 25, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
Thipwimol Tim-Aroon, Natini Jinawath, Weerin Thammachote, Praweena Sinpitak, Anchalee Limrungsikul, Chaiyos Khongkhatithum, Duangrurdee Wattanasirichaigoon
GATAD2B gene is involved in chromatin modification and transcription activity. Loss-of-function mutations of GATAD2B have recently been defined to cause a recognizable syndrome with intellectual disability (ID). Human TPM3 gene encoding thin filament protein is associated with myopathies. Both genes are located on chromosome 1q21.3. We herein report an infant with feeding difficulty, developmental delay, hypotonia, and dysmorphic features including small palpebral fissures, telecanthus, sparse hair and eyebrow, cup-shaped ears, and clinodactyly...
March 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Tuba H Karapınar, Deniz Yılmaz Karapinar, Yeşim Oymak, Yılmaz Ay, Bengü Demirağ, Ayça Aykut, Hüseyin Onay, Filiz Hazan, Yeşim Aydınok, Ferda Özkınay, Canan Vergin
The genetic basis of haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) has not been elucidated in 10% of affected patients. In this study, we report four HLH episodes in three patients with HAX1 gene mutations. We screened the mutations associated with congenital neutropenia (CN) because the neutropenia persisted following HLH treatment. There were homozygous HAX1 mutations detected in all patients. This is the first case series of patients with CN caused by HAX1 mutation who presented with HLH. We hypothesize that severe neutropenia persists after an HLH episode in children without HLH mutations (especially infants) because these patients have CN caused by HAX1 mutations...
May 2017: British Journal of Haematology
Yi Sun, Jyh-Rong Chao, Wu Xu, Alan Pourpak, Kelli Boyd, Simon Moshiach, Guo-Yan Qi, Amina Fu, Hua-Rong Shao, Stanley Pounds, Stephan W Morris
In the HAX1/HtrA2-OMI/PARL (HOP) mitochondrial protein complex, anti-apoptotic signals are generated by cleavage and activation of the serine protease HtrA2/OMI by the rhomboid protease PARL upon recruitment of both proteases to inner mitochondrial membrane protein HAX1 (HS1-associated protein X-1). Here we report the negative regulation of the HOP complex by human leukemia-associated myeloid leukemia factor 1 (MLF1). We demonstrate that MLF1 physically and functionally associates with HAX1 and HtrA2. Increased interaction of MLF1 with HAX1 and HtrA2 displaces HtrA2 from the HOP complex and inhibits HtrA2 cleavage and activation, resulting in the apoptotic cell death...
April 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Christoph Klein
Severe congenital neutropenia (SCN), originally described by the Swedish pediatrician Rolf Kostmann, constitutes a heterogeneous disorder associated with a dramatic decrease of peripheral neutrophil granulocytes. Patients suffer from life-threatening bacterial infections unless treated by recombinant human granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) or allogeneic hematopoietic stem cells. This review is focused on the SCN variant caused by mutations in HCLS1 Associated Protein X-1 (HAX1) (SCN3, "Kostmann Disease")...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Immunology
Eltyeb Abdelwahid, Haijie Li, Jianxin Wu, Ana Carolina Irioda, Katherine Athayde Teixeira de Carvalho, Xuelai Luo
Cardiomyocyte apoptosis is a major process in pathogenesis of a number of heart diseases, including ischemic heart diseases and cardiac failure. Ensuring survival of cardiac cells by blocking apoptotic events is an important strategy to improve cardiac function. Although the role of ER disruption in inducing apoptosis has been demonstrated, we do not yet fully understand how it influences the mitochondrial apoptotic machinery in cardiac cell models. Recent investigations have provided evidences that the prosurvival protein HCLS1-associated protein X-1 (Hax1) protein is intimately associated with the pathogenesis of heart disease, mitochondrial biology, and protection from apoptotic cell death...
November 2016: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
Haijie Li, Xi Yang, Guihua Wang, Xiaolan Li, Deding Tao, Junbo Hu, Xuelai Luo
Histone methyltransferases and demethylases regulate transcription by altering the epigenetic marks on histones in tumorigenesis. Members of the histone lysine(K)-specific demethylase 4 (KDM4) family are dysregulated in several types of cancer. Here, we report a novel role for KDM4B in mitochondrial apoptosis. In this study, we demonstrate that KDM4B is overexpressed in colorectal cancer (CRC) tissues. Decreased expression of KDM4B significantly promoted apoptosis of CRC cell lines. Moreover, our data indicate that HAX1 is required for KDM4B-mediated mitochondrial apoptosis...
September 6, 2016: Oncotarget
Peter Cavnar, Kristina Inman
HS1-associated protein X-1 (Hax1) is a 35 kDa protein that is ubiquitously expressed. Hax1 is an anti-apoptotic protein with additional roles in cell motility, and autosomal recessive loss of Hax1 results in Kostmann syndrome, a form of severe congenital neutropenia. Because of the important role of Hax1 in neutrophils we demonstrate here validation of two commercially available research antibodies directed against human Hax1 in the human myeloid leukemia cell line PLB-985 cells. We show that both the mouse anti-Hax1 monoclonal IgG directed against amino acids 10-148 of Hax1 and a rabbit anti-Hax1 polyclonal IgG antibody directed against full-length Hax1 reliably and consistently detect Hax1 during immunoblotting of three different PLB-985 cell densities...
2015: F1000Research
Cigdem Aydogmus, Funda Cipe, Melda Tas, Aysenur Akinel, Özlem Öner, Gonca Keskindemirci, Helen Bornaun, Günsel Kutluk, Arzu Babayigit Hocaoglu
BACKGROUND: Mutations in the HAX-1 gene cause an autosomal recessive form of severe congenital neutropenia (SCN), which particularly manifests with recurrent skin, lung and deep tissue infections from the first few months of life. OBJECTIVE: We retrospectively evaluated the clinical and laboratory findings of the patients diagnosed with SCN carrying HAX1 gene mutations. METHODS: A total of five patients with SCN, carrying a HAX1 gene mutation, were evaluated in terms of clinical and laboratory findings...
March 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
Chenyi Sheng, Qichao Ni
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the HS-1-associated protein X-1 (HAX1) and Ki-67 expression in the breast cancer and its clinical significance. METHODS: Breast cancer tissues and tumor-adjacent tissues were collected from 81 patients, and immunohistochemistry was conducted to detect the HAX1 and Ki-67 expression. The correlations of HAX1 expression with demographics, clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis were evaluated. RESULTS: HAX1 was highly expressed in the breast cancer, and its expression was related to the degree of breast cancer differentiation (P=0...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Lei Qian, Andrew M Bradford, Peter H Cooke, Barbara A Lyons
Growth factor receptor bound protein 7 (Grb7) is a signal-transducing adaptor protein that mediates specific protein-protein interactions in multiple signaling pathways. Grb7, with Grb10 and Grb14, is members of the Grb7 protein family. The topology of the Grb7 family members contains several protein-binding domains that facilitate the formation of protein complexes, and high signal transduction efficiency. Grb7 has been found overexpressed in several types of cancers and cancer cell lines and is presumed involved in cancer progression through promotion of cell proliferation and migration via interactions with the erythroblastosis oncogene B 2 (human epidermal growth factor receptor 2) receptor, focal adhesion kinase, Ras-GTPases, and other signaling partners...
July 2016: Journal of Molecular Recognition: JMR
Ivo P Touw
Severe congenital neutropenia (SCN) is a genetically heterogeneous condition of bone marrow failure usually diagnosed in early childhood and characterized by a chronic and severe shortage of neutrophils. It is now well-established that mutations in HAX1 and ELANE (and more rarely in other genes) are the genetic cause of SCN. In contrast, it has remained unclear how these mutations affect neutrophil development. Innovative models based on induced pluripotent stem cell technology are being explored to address this issue...
2015: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
Han Liu, Jiping Yue, He Huang, Xuewen Gou, Shao-Yu Chen, Yingming Zhao, Xiaoyang Wu
Cell migration is a fundamental cellular process requiring integrated activities of the cytoskeleton, membrane, and cell/extracellular matrix adhesions. Many cytoskeletal activities rely on microtubule filaments. It has been speculated that microtubules can serve as tracks to deliver proteins essential for focal adhesion turnover. Three microtubule end-binding proteins (EB1, EB2, and EB3) in mammalian cells can track the plus ends of growing microtubules. EB1 and EB3 together can regulate microtubule dynamics by promoting microtubule growth and suppressing catastrophe, whereas, in contrast, EB2 does not play a direct role in microtubule dynamic instability, and little is known about the cellular function of EB2...
December 25, 2015: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Vikram Prasad, John N Lorenz, Valerie M Lasko, Michelle L Nieman, Wei Huang, Yigang Wang, David W Wieczorek, Gary E Shull
Null mutations in one copy of ATP2A2, the gene encoding sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase isoform 2 (SERCA2), cause Darier disease in humans, a skin condition involving keratinocytes. Cardiac function appears to be unimpaired in Darier disease patients, with no evidence that SERCA2 haploinsufficiency itself causes heart disease. However, SERCA2 deficiency is widely considered a contributing factor in heart failure. We therefore analyzed Atp2a2 heterozygous mice to determine whether SERCA2 haploinsufficiency can exacerbate specific heart disease conditions...
2015: BioMed Research International
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"