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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544800/reinforced-microextraction-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-from-polluted-soil-samples-using-an-in-needle-coated-fiber-with-polypyrrole-graphene-oxide-nanocomposite
#1
Mina Behfar, Ali Reza Ghiasvand, Fatemeh Yazdankhah
The surface of a stainless-steel wire was platinized using electrophoretic deposition method to create a high-surface-area, porous and cohesive substrate. The platinized fiber was coated by the polypyrrole/graphene oxide nanocomposite by electropolymerization and accommodated into a stainless-steel needle to fabricate an in-needle coated fiber. The developed setup was coupled to gas chromatography with flame ionization detection and applied to extract and determine polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (naphthalene, fluorene, phenanthrene, fluoranthene and pyrene) in complicated solid matrices, along with reinforcement of the extraction by cooling the sorbent, using liquid carbon dioxide...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544697/a-naphthalene-derivative-as-turn-on-fluorescent-chemosensor-for-the-highly-selective-and-sensitive-detection-of-al-3
#2
Zhong-Xin Zhu, Dong-Dong Yu, Zhi-Guo Liu, Ye-Wei Huang, A-Yi Zhou, Zhi-Wei Chen, Jia Sun, Xu Wang, Li-Tai Jin, Wei-Tao Cong
A Schiff base compound derived from naphthalene has been synthesized and characterized as an Al(3+) -selective fluorescent probe. The chemosensor (L) exhibits high selectively for Al(3+) in aqueous solution, even in the presence of biologically relevant cations such as Na(+) , K(+) , Ca(2+) , Mg(2+) , Pb(2+) and several transition metal ions. There was no observed interference from anions like Br(-) , Cl(-) , HSO3(-) , SO3(2-) , S2 O3(2-) , NO2(-) , CO3(2-) and AC(-) . The lowest detection limit for the chemosensor L was found to be 1...
May 22, 2017: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544594/diversity-of-aromatic-hydroxylating-dioxygenase-genes-in-mangrove-microbiome-and-their-biogeographic-patterns-across-global-sites
#3
Sanderson T P de Sousa, Lucélia Cabral, Gileno Vieira Lacerda Júnior, Valéria M Oliveira
Aromatic hydrocarbons (AH), such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, are compounds largely found in nature. Aromatic-ring-hydroxylating dioxygenases (ARHD) are proteins involved in AH degradation pathways. We used ARHD functional genes from an oil-impacted mangrove area and compared their diversity with other sites around the world to understand the ARHD biogeographic distribution patterns. For this, a comprehensive database was established with 166 operational protein families (OPFs) from 1,758 gene sequences obtained from 15 different sites worldwide, of which twelve are already published studies and three are unpublished...
May 23, 2017: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541674/effect-of-conjugation-length-on-photoinduced-charge-transfer-in-%C3%AF-conjugated-oligomer-acceptor-dyads
#4
Junlin Jiang, Amani A Alsam, Shanshan Wang, Shawkat M Aly, Zhenxing Pan, Omar F Mohammed, Kirk S Schanze
A series of -conjugated oligomer-acceptor dyads were synthesized that feature oligo(phenylene ethynylene) (OPE) conjugated backbones end-capped with a naphthalene diimide (NDI) acceptor. The OPE segments vary in length from 4 to 8 phenylene ethynene units (PEn-NDI, where n = 4, 6 and 8). Fluorescence and transient absorption spectroscopy reveals that intramolecular OPE NDI charge transfer dominates the deactivation of excited states of the PEn-NDI oligomers. Both charge separation (CS) and charge recombination (CR) are strongly exothermic (G0CS ~ -1...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541143/an-algorithm-for-identifying-mothball-composition
#5
Michael J Moss, Kevin F Maskell, Michelle A Hieger, Brandon K Wills, Kirk L Cumpston
INTRODUCTION: Unintentional mothball ingestions may cause serious toxicity in small children. Camphor, naphthalene, and paradichlorobenzene mothballs are difficult to distinguish without packaging. Symptoms and management differ based on the ingested compound. Previous studies have used a variety of antiquated, impractical and potentially dangerous techniques to identify the mothballs. The goal of this study is to discover a simplified identification technique using materials readily available in an emergency department...
May 25, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540943/iptycenes-with-an-acridinone-motif-developed-through-4-2-cycloaddition-of-tethered-naphthalene-and-iminoquinone-via-a-radical-reaction
#6
Selvam Raju, Pratheepkumar Annamalai, Pei-Ling Chen, Yi-Hung Liu, Shih-Ching Chuang
A new class of iptycenes was developed by combining 2-(naphthalen-1-yl)anilines and p-benzoquinones through copper(ii)-mediated radical cyclisation. This unusual cyclisation reaction resulted in the robust and efficient syntheses of iptycenes with an acridinone motif. These iptycenes can be further transformed into planar acridinone heterocyclics through the Diels-Alder reaction.
May 25, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538680/diazonium-salt-based-surface-enhanced-raman-spectroscopy-nanosensor-detection-and-quantitation-of-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-water-samples
#7
Inga Tijunelyte, Stéphanie Betelu, Jonathan Moreau, Ioannis Ignatiadis, Catherine Berho, Nathalie Lidgi-Guigui, Erwann Guénin, Catalina David, Sébastien Vergnole, Emmanuel Rinnert, Marc Lamy de la Chapelle
Here, we present a surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) nanosensor for environmental pollutants detection. This study was conducted on three polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs): benzo[a]pyrene (BaP), fluoranthene (FL), and naphthalene (NAP). SERS substrates were chemically functionalized using 4-dodecyl benzenediazonium-tetrafluoroborate and SERS analyses were conducted to detect the pollutants alone and in mixtures. Compounds were first measured in water-methanol (9:1 volume ratio) samples. Investigation on solutions containing concentrations ranging from 10(-6) g L(-1) to 10(-3) g L(-1) provided data to plot calibration curves and to determine the performance of the sensor...
May 24, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537032/human-health-risk-constrained-naphthalene-contaminated-groundwater-remediation-management-through-an-improved-credibility-method
#8
Jing Li, Hongwei Lu, Xing Fan, Yizhong Chen
In this study, a human health risk constrained groundwater remediation management program based on the improved credibility is developed for naphthalene contamination. The program integrates simulation, multivariate regression analysis, health risk assessment, uncertainty analysis, and nonlinear optimization into a general framework. The improved credibility-based optimization model for groundwater remediation management with consideration of human health risk (ICOM-HHR) is capable of not only effectively addressing parameter uncertainties and risk-exceeding possibility in human health risk but also providing a credibility level that indicates the satisfaction of the optimal groundwater remediation strategies with multiple contributions of possibility and necessity...
May 24, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532153/the-photochemical-reactivity-of-1-6-methano-10-annulene
#9
Laura Moroni, Marco Pagliai, Riccardo Chelli, Giangaetano Pietraperzia, Pier Remigio Salvi, Cristina Gellini
1,6-methano[10]annulene solutions into cyclohexane have been subjected to continuous and pulsed UV irradiation. Photolysis occurs in both cases, giving naphthalene as a minor and major product, respectively. The wavelength dependence of the reaction in solution indicates that the photochemical process occurs exciting 1,6-methano[10]annulene in the second and third singlet electronic excited states. The reaction kinetics has been determined under pulsed irradiation. From the time dependence of concentrations, along with the support of density functional theory calculations and early published data, two mechanisms are proposed for naphthalene production...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531356/spin-polarization-transfer-from-a-photogenerated-radical-ion-pair-to-a-stable-radical-controlled-by-charge-recombination
#10
Noah E Horwitz, Brian T Phelan, Jordan N Nelson, Catherine M Mauck, Matthew D Krzyaniak, Michael R Wasielewski
Photoexcitation of electron donor-acceptor molecules frequently produces radical ion pairs with well-defined initial spin-polarized states that have attracted significant interest for spintronics. Transfer of this initial spin polarization to a stable radical is predicted to depend on the rates of the radical ion pair recombination reactions, but this prediction has not been tested experimentally. In this study, a stable radical/electron donor/chromophore/electron acceptor molecule, BDPA(•)-mPD-ANI-NDI, where BDPA(•) is α,γ-bisdiphenylene-β-phenylallyl, mPD is m-phenylenediamine, ANI is 4-aminonaphthalene-1,8-dicarboximide, and NDI is naphthalene-1,4:5,8-bis(dicarboximide), was synthesized...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530100/discovery-of-n-naphthalen-1-yl-n-alkyl-oxalamide-ligands-enables-cu-catalyzed-aryl-amination-with-high-turnovers
#11
Jie Gao, Subhajit Bhunia, Kailiang Wang, Lu Gan, Shanghua Xia, Dawei Ma
A class of N-(naphthalen-1-yl)-N'-alkyl oxalamides have been proven to be powerful ligands, making a coupling reaction of (hetero)aryl iodides with primary amines proceed at 50 °C with only 0.01 mol % of Cu2O and ligand as well as a coupling reaction of (hetero)aryl bromides with primary amines and ammonia at 80 °C with only 0.1 mol % of Cu2O and ligand. A wide range of coupling partners work well under these conditions, thereby providing an easy to operate method for preparing (hetero)aryl amines.
May 22, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529788/the-1-1-co-crystal-of-2-bromo-naphthalene-1-4-dione-and-1-8-di-hydroxy-anthracene-9-10-dione-crystal-structure-and-hirshfeld-surface-analysis
#12
Marlon D L Tonin, Simon J Garden, Mukesh M Jotani, Solange M S V Wardell, James L Wardell, Edward R T Tiekink
The asymmetric unit of the title co-crystal, C10H5BrO2·C14H8O4 [systematic name: 2-bromo-1,4-di-hydro-naphthalene-1,4-dione-1,8-dihy-droxy-9,10-di-hydro-anthracene-9,10-dione (1/1)], features one mol-ecule of each coformer. The 2-bromo-naphtho-quinone mol-ecule is almost planar [r.m.s deviation of the 13 non-H atoms = 0.060 Å, with the maximum deviations of 0.093 (1) and 0.099 (1) Å being for the Br atom and a carbonyl-O atom, respectively]. The 1,8-di-hydroxy-anthra-quinone mol-ecule is planar (r...
May 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528419/a-risk-based-characterization-of-sediment-contamination-by-legacy-and-emergent-contaminants-of-concern-in-coastal-british-columbia-canada
#13
Carmen Morales-Caselles, Jean-Pierre W Desforges, Neil Dangerfield, Peter S Ross
Sediments have long been used to help describe pollution sources, contaminated sites, trends over time, and habitat quality for marine life. We collected surficial sediments from 12 sites at an average seawater depth of 25 m in three near-urban areas of the Salish Sea (British Columbia, Canada) to investigate habitat quality for marine life, including heavily contaminated killer whales. Samples were analyzed using high-resolution instrumentation for a wide variety of congeners of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polybrominated diphenylethers (PBDEs), hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD), polybrominated biphenyls, polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans, organochlorine pesticides, and polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs)...
May 20, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527914/impact-of-hepatic-p450-mediated-biotransformation-on-the-disposition-and-respiratory-tract-toxicity-of-inhaled-naphthalene
#14
Nataliia Kovalchuk, Jacklyn Kelty, Lei Li, Matthew Hartog, Qing-Yu Zhang, Patricia Edwards, Laura Van Winkle, Xinxin Ding
We determined whether a decrease in hepatic microsomal cytochrome P450 activity would impact lung toxicity induced by inhalation exposure to naphthalene (NA), a ubiquitous environmental pollutant. The liver-Cpr-null (LCN) mouse showed decreases in microsomal metabolism of NA in liver, but not lung, compared to wild-type (WT) mouse. Plasma levels of NA and NA-glutathione conjugates (NA-GSH) were both higher in LCN than in WT mice after a 4-h nose-only NA inhalation exposure at 10ppm. Levels of NA were also higher in lung and liver of LCN, compared to WT, mice, following exposure to NA at 5 or 10ppm...
May 17, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527428/physicochemical-and-biological-interactions-between-cerium-oxide-nanoparticles-and-a-1-8-naphthalimide-derivative
#15
Gerardo Pulido-Reyes, Esperanza Martín, J L Gu Coronado, Francisco Leganes, Roberto Rosal, Francisca Fernández-Piñas
Cerium (Ce) oxide nanoparticles (CNPs) have attracted attention due to their high bioactivity and unique redox-chemistry. The oxygen vacancies at the surface of the nanoparticle explain the autocatalytic properties of CNPs in which the Ce(3+) atoms occupy the center of the oxygen vacancies surrounded by Ce(4+) atoms. Until now, CNPs have been associated with organic molecules at the synthesis stage to extend their applications or improve their stability. However, there is a lack of information regarding the post-synthesis interaction of CNPs and organic molecules that could enhance or induce new properties...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523927/retinoid-bms411-4-5-5-dimethyl-8-phenyl-5-6-dihydronaphthalen-2-yl-carbonyl-amino-benzoic-acid-a-potential-inhibitor-of-ns5a-protein-of-hepatitis-c-virus-a-candidate-for-combined-therapy-of-hepatitis-c-infection
#16
S Ibrahim, M J Asad, R T Mahmood, F H Wattoo, S Akhter, D Shahwar
Hepatitis C infection is a serious health issue worldwide caused by hepatitis C virus (HCV). There is an urgent need of search for new direct acting antiviral drugs due to the rapid development of drug resistance. The HCV NS5A protein is involved in creating resistance against antiviral therapy and there are also many reports that vitamin A deficiency is associated with non-responsiveness to antiviral treatment in HCV infected patients. So the present in silico study was aimed to find the relation between vitamin A deficiency and the NS5A protein's function in antiviral resistance...
2017: Acta Virologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523616/the-effect-of-multiple-contamination-of-soil-on-lmw-and-mmw-pahs-accumulation-in-the-roots-of-rubus-fruticosus-l-naturally-growing-near-the-copper-mining-and-smelting-complex-bor-east-serbia
#17
Slađana Č Alagić, Vesna P Stankov Jovanović, Violeta D Mitić, Jelena S Nikolić, Goran M Petrović, Snežana B Tošić, Gordana S Stojanović
Samples of roots and spatial soils of native Rubus fruticosus L. were collected from the spots positioned at different distances from the copper smelter and city heating plants in the industrial zone of the town of Bor (Serbia) and subjected to chemical analyses in order to determine the content of several heavy metals, and 15 priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). In this study, the results for 9 low and medium molecular weight PAHs (LMW and MMW PAHs) are represented and processed using the calculation of bio-concentration factors and statistical methods such as hierarchical cluster analysis and Pearson's correlation study with the aim of investigating the plant capabilities for their uptake from the soil and later accumulation into the root tissue, under the hostile circumstances of multiple contamination...
May 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522264/discovery-synthesis-and-structure-activity-relations-of-3-4-dihydro-1h-spiro-naphthalene-2-2-piperidin-1-ones-as-potassium-competitive-acid-blockers
#18
Toshihiro Imaeda, Koji Ono, Kazuo Nakai, Yasunobu Hori, Jun Matsukawa, Terufumi Takagi, Yasushi Fujioka, Naoki Tarui, Mitsuyo Kondo, Akio Imanishi, Nobuhiro Inatomi, Masahiro Kajino, Fumio Itoh, Haruyuki Nishida
With the aim to discover a gastric antisecretory agent more potent than the existing proton pump inhibitors, novel 3,4-dihydro-1H-spiro(naphthalene-2,2'-piperidin)-1-one derivatives, which could occupy two important lipophilic pockets (described as LP-1 and LP-2) of H(+),K(+)-ATPase and can strongly bind to the K(+)-binding site, were designed based on a docking model. Among the compounds synthesized, compound 4d showed a strong H(+),K(+)-ATPase-inhibitory activity and a high stomach concentration in rats, resulting in potent inhibitory action on histamine-stimulated gastric acid secretion in rats...
May 6, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513737/dimeric-and-trimeric-derivatives-of-the-azinomycin-b-chromophore-show-enhanced-dna-binding
#19
Milena Balazy, Alejandra Fausto, Christina Voskanian, Bianca Chavez, Harmanpreet Panesar, Thomas G Minehan
To explore the utility of the azinomycin B chromophore as a platform for the development of major-groove binding small molecules, we have prepared a series of 3-methoxy-5-methylnaphthalene derivatives containing diamine, triamine, and carbohydrate linker moieties. All bis- and tris-azinomycin derivatives are intercalators that display submicromolar binding affinities for calf-thymus DNA, as revealed by viscometry measurements and fluorescent intercalator displacement (FID) assays, respectively. Although the tightest binding ligand 1d (Ka = 2...
May 17, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513683/a-theoretical-study-of-low-lying-singlet-and-triplet-excited-states-of-quinazoline-quinoxaline-and-phthalazine-insight-into-triplet-formation
#20
Mihajlo Etinski, Christel M Marian
Quinazoline, quinoxaline and phthalazine are nitrogen containing heterocyclic aromatic molecules which belong to the class diazanaphthalenes. These isomers have low-lying nπ* and naphthalene-like ππ* states that interact via spin-orbit coupling. In this contribution, we study their structure and electronic states by means of a coupled-cluster method. The computed properties are compared to those of cinnoline which were obtained in our previous study [Etinski et al., Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2014, 16, 4740]...
May 17, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
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