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Alicia L Garcia-Costa, Lucia Lopez-Perela, Xiyan Xu, Juan A Zazo, Juan J Rodriguez, Jose A Casas
This paper addresses the removal of four aromatic hydrocarbons typically found in petrochemical wastewater: benzene (B), toluene (T), o-xylene (X), and naphthalene (N), by microwave-assisted catalytic wet peroxide oxidation (MW-CWPO) using activated carbon (AC) as catalyst. Under the studied conditions, complete pollutant elimination (B, 1.28 mM; T, 1.09 mM; X, 0.94 mM; and N, 0.78 mM) was achieved, with more than 90% TOC removal after only 15-min reaction time, working at 120 °C, pH0  = 3, AC at 1 g L-1 , and H2 O2 at the stoichiometric dose...
May 21, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Wu-Jian Long, Changle Fang, Jingjie Wei, Haodao Li
Graphene oxide (GO) is a potential material to be used as a nano-reinforcement in cement matrix. However, a prerequisite for GO to fulfill its function in the cement matrix is homogeneous dispersion. In this study, the effects of three different dispersing agents (DAs), including polycarboxylate-based high range water reducer (P-HRWR), naphthalene-based high range water reducer (N-HRWR), and air entraining agent (AEA) on the dispersion of GO in aqueous solution, simulated concrete pore solution (SCPS), and suspension of cement pastes were sequentially investigated...
May 18, 2018: Materials
Fuxin Wang, Yu Zheng, Junlang Qiu, Shuqin Liu, Yexiang Tong, Fang Zhu, Gangfeng Ouyang
Herein, a graphene-based metal and nitrogen-doped carbon (GNC-Co) composite, derived from zeolite imidazolate framework-67 (ZIF-67)-graphene oxide composites, was successfully developed and applied as an excellent fiber coating for solid phase microextraction (SPME) with enhanced performance. The fabricated carbon has a hierarchically micro/mesoporous structure with a high specific surface area of 123 m2 g-1. The study found that pyrolytic graphene (G) has good adsorption properties for anthracene, phenanthrene, fluoranthene and pyrene, while pyrolytic ZIF-67 (NC-Co) has good adsorption properties for naphthalene, acenaphthylene, acenaphthylene and fluorene...
May 21, 2018: Nanoscale
Bo Su, John F Hartwig
peri-Disubstituted naphthalenes exhibit interesting physical properties and unique chemical reactivity, due to the parallel arrangement of the bonds to the two peri-disposed substituents. Regioselective installation of a functional group at the position peri to 1-substituted naphthalenes is challenging due to the steric interaction between the existing substituent and the position at which the second one would be installed. We report an iridium-catalyzed borylation of the C-H bond peri to a silyl group in naphthalenes and analogous polyaromatic hydrocarbons...
May 20, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Mohammad Hoseini, Ramin Nabizadeh, Juana Maria Delgado-Saborit, Ata Rafiee, Kamyar Yaghmaeian, Saeid Parmy, Sasan Faridi, Mohammad Sadegh Hassanvand, Masud Yunesian, Kazem Naddafi
The aim of this study was to investigate environmental and lifestyle factors affecting exposure to PAHs in the general population in a large city of the Middle East (Tehran) by measuring urinary monohydroxy polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (OH-PAHs) and establishing relationships between PAHs exposure and related factors. Urine samples were collected from 222 randomly chosen subjects who were living in the urban area of Tehran, Iran. Subjects were required to complete a detailed questionnaire aimed to document their personal and sociodemographic information, activities, cooking-related appliances, smoking history/exposure, and consumed foodstuff...
May 17, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Juan Wang, Zhe Tian, Yingbin Huo, Min Yang, Xingcan Zheng, Yu Zhang
To perform a systematic survey on the occurrence and removal of micropollutants during municipal wastewater treatment, 943 semi-volatile organic chemicals in 32 wastewater samples including influents of secondary treatments, secondary effluents and final effluents (effluents of advanced treatments), which were collected from seven full-scale municipal wastewater treatment plants (MWTPs) in China, were examined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) coupled with an automated identification and quantification system with a database (AIQS-DB)...
May 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Synnøve Lofthus, Inger K Almås, Peter Evans, Oliver Pelz, Odd Gunnar Brakstad
Operational planned discharges of produced water (PW) to the marine environment from offshore oil production installations, contain low concentrations of dispersed oil compounds, like polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and alkylated phenols (APs). Biotransformation in natural seawater (SW) of naphthalenes/PAHs and phenol/APs in field-collected PW from a North Sea platform was investigated in this biodegradation study. The PW was diluted in SW from a Norwegian fjord, and the biodegradation study was performed in slowly rotating carousels at 13 °C over a period of 62 days...
May 4, 2018: Chemosphere
Ding-Ding Gao, Hui-Xia Dou, Hai-Xia Su, Ming-Ming Zhang, Ting Wang, Qiu-Feng Liu, Hai-Yan Cai, Hai-Peng Ding, Zhuo Yang, Wei-Liang Zhu, Ye-Chun Xu, He-Yao Wang, Ying-Xia Li
Fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) plays a critical role in metabolism and inflammatory processes and therefore is a potential therapeutic target for immunometabolic diseases such as diabetes and atherosclerosis. Herein, we reported the identification of naphthalene-1-sulfonamide derivatives as novel, potent and selective FABP4 inhibitors by applying a structure-based design strategy. The binding affinities of compounds 16dk, 16do and 16du to FABP4, at the molecular level, are equivalent to or even better than that of BMS309403...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Miguel N Pinto, Jorge Martinez-Gonzalez, Indranil Chakraborty, Pradip K Mascharak
Microbial invasion and colonization of the skin and underlying soft tissues are among the most common types of infections, becoming increasingly prevalent in hospital settings. Systemic antibiotic chemotherapies are now extremely limited due to emergence of drug-resistant Gram-positive and multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacterial strains. Topical administration of antimicrobials provides an effective route for the treatment of skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs). Therefore, the development of new and effective materials for the delivery of these agents is of paramount importance...
May 18, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
Amanda Rose Shores, Brittany Hethcock, Melinda Laituri
Surface spills of water produced from hydraulic fracturing can expose soil and groundwater to organics such as BTEX and naphthalene (BTEX&N) as well as high concentrations of salt. As an alternative to soil excavation, we evaluated the effectiveness of BTEX&N soil remediation using 2 grasses present in Colorado. Perennial ryegrass and foxtail barley were grown separately in pots in the greenhouse and exposed to salt or a synthesized produced-water slurry containing relevant levels of salt and BTEX&N...
July 3, 2018: International Journal of Phytoremediation
Xujun Zheng, Yang Zhang, Ning Cao, Xin Li, Shuoqing Zhang, Renfeng Du, Haiying Wang, Zhenni Ye, Yan Wang, Fahe Cao, Haoran Li, Xin Hong, Andrew C-H Sue, Chuluo Yang, Wei-Guang Liu, Hao Li
Spin-spin interactions between two identical aromatic radicals have been studied extensively and utilized to establish supramolecular recognition. Here we report that spin-pairing interactions could also take place between two different π-electron radicals, namely a bipyridinium radical cation (BPY+• ) and a naphthalene-1,8:4,5-bis(dicarboximide) radical anion (NDI─• ). The occurrence of this type of previously unreported hetero radical-pairing interactions is attributed to enhancement effect of Coulombic attraction between these two radicals bearing opposite charges...
May 17, 2018: Nature Communications
Zitong Liu, Guanxin Zhang, Deqing Zhang
Organic semiconductors have received increasing attentions in recent years because of their promising applications in various optoelectronic devices. The key performance metric for organic semiconductors is charge carrier mobility, which is governed by the electronic structures of conjugated backbones and intermolecular/interchain π-π interactions and packing in both microscopic and macroscopic levels. For this reason, more efforts have been paid to the design and synthesis of conjugated frameworks for organic semiconductors with high charge mobilities...
May 17, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
Patrick O'Brien, Matthias Zeller, Wei-Tsung Lee
The title compound, [NiBr(C25 H29 N2 O)], contains an NiII atom with a slightly distorted square-planar coordination environment defined by one O and two N atoms from the 2-{[(8-aminona-phthalen-1-yl)imino]-meth-yl}-4,6-di- tert -butyl-phenolate ligand and a bromide anion. The Ni-O and Ni-N bond lengths are slightly longer than those observed in the phenyl backbone counterpart, which can be attributed to the larger steric hindrance of the naphthyl group in the structure of the title compound. The mol-ecule as a whole is substanti-ally distorted, with both the planar naphthalene-1,8-di-amine and imino-meth-yl-phenolate substitutents rotated against the NiN2 OBr plane by 38...
April 1, 2018: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
Gajendran Jagadeesan, Immanuel Monica Chandramalar, Jayachandran Karunakaran, Solaiappan Gopinath, Arasambattu K Mohanakrishnan
In the title compound, C26 H20 O5 , a 1,2-di-hydro-naphthalene derivative, the cyclo-hexa-1,3-diene ring of the 1,2-di-hydro-naphthalene ring system adopts a half-chair conformation. The mean plane of the 1,2-di-hydro-napthalene ring system makes dihedral angles of 86.23 (6) and 64.80 (7)° with two phenyl rings. The carbonyl O atom attached to the di-hydro-naphthalene ring system deviates from the mean plane of the 1,2-di-hydro-naphthalene ring system by 0.618 (1) Å. In the crystal, the mol-ecules are linked into layers parallel to the bc plane via two kinds of C-H⋯O inter-actions, one of which forms a C (10) chain motif running along the c- axis direction and the other forms an R 2 2 (6) ring motif...
March 1, 2018: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
Jamal Lasri, Katherine Chulvi, Naser Eltaher Eltayeb
The aldoximes C11 H9 NO (I) and C15 H11 NO (II), synthesized in ca 90% yield, by treatment of 1-naphthaldehyde or phenanthrene-9-carbaldehyde, respectively, with hydroxyl-amine hydro-chloride and sodium carbonate, have been characterized by IR, 1 H, 13 C and DEPT-135 NMR spectroscopies, and also by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The mol-ecules of (I) and (II) are conformationally similar, with the aldoxime substituent groups lying outside the planes of the naphthalene or phenanthrene rings, forming dihedral angles with them of 23...
March 1, 2018: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
Azadeh Ghods, Jayne Gilbert, Jennifer R Baker, Cecilia C Russell, Jennette A Sakoff, Adam McCluskey
Bolinaquinone is a natural product that is a structurally complex, cytotoxic sesquiterpene quinone. A scaffold simplification and focused library approach using a microwave-assisted Suzuki coupling gave 32 bolinaquinone analogues with good-to-excellent cytotoxicity profiles. Mono-arylbenzoquinones, Library A , were preferentially toxic towards BE2-C (neuroblastoma) cells with growth inhibition (GI50 ) values of 4-12 µM; only the 3,4-dimethoxyphenyl 23 and 3-biphenyl 28 variants were broad-spectrum active-HT29 (colon carcinoma), U87 and SJ-G2 (glioblastoma), MCF-7 (breast carcinoma), A2780 (ovarian carcinoma), H460 (lung carcinoma), A431 (skin carcinoma), Du145 (prostate carcinoma), BE2-C (neuroblastoma), MIA (pancreatic carcinoma) and SMA (spontaneous murine astrocytoma)...
April 2018: Royal Society Open Science
Fabiana Pandolfi, Isabella Chiarotto, Marta Feroci
The electrochemical reduction of 2-(2,2-dibromovinyl)naphthalene in a DMF solution (Pt cathode) yields selectively 2-ethynylnaphthalene or 2-(bromoethynyl)naphthalene in high yields, depending on the electrolysis conditions. In particular, by simply changing the working potential and the supporting electrolyte, the reaction can be directed towards the synthesis of the terminal alkyne (Et4 NBF4 ) or the bromoalkyne (NaClO4 ). This study allowed to establish that 2-(bromoethynyl)naphthalene can be converted into 2-ethynylnaphthalene by cathodic reduction...
2018: Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry
Gelson Perin, Daniela Rodrigues Araujo, Patrick Carvalho Nobre, Eder João Lenardao, Raquel Guimarães Jacob, Marcio Santos Silva, Juliano Alex Roehrs
A green methodology to synthesize 2-organoselanyl-naphthalenes based on the reaction of alkynols with diaryl diselenides is described. The electrophilic species of selenium were generated in situ, by the oxidative cleavage of the Se-Se bond of diaryl diselenides by Oxone® using water as the solvent. The reactions proceeded efficiently under ultrasonic irradiation as an alternative energy source, using a range of alkynols and diorganyl diselenides as starting materials. Through this methodology, the corresponding 2-organoselanyl-naphthalenes were obtained in moderate to good yields (56-94%) and in short reaction times (0...
2018: PeerJ
Linan Xie, Liwen Zhang, Chen Wang, Xiaojing Wang, Ya-Ming Xu, Hefen Yu, Ping Wu, Shenglan Li, Lida Han, A A Leslie Gunatilaka, Xiaoyi Wei, Min Lin, István Molnár, Yuquan Xu
Glycosylation is a prominent strategy to optimize the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of drug-like small-molecule scaffolds by modulating their solubility, stability, bioavailability, and bioactivity. Glycosyltransferases applicable for "sugarcoating" various small-molecule acceptors have been isolated and characterized from plants and bacteria, but remained cryptic from filamentous fungi until recently, despite the frequent use of some fungi for whole-cell biocatalytic glycosylations...
May 14, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Xiao-Fei Han, Juan Chen, Yan-Ping Shi
A N-doped carbon nanotubes-reinforced hollow fiber solid-phase microextraction (N-doped CNTs-HF-SPME) method was developed for determination of two naphthalene-derived phytohormones, 1-naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) and 2-naphthoxyacetic acid (2-NOA), at trace levels in tomatoes. N-doped CNTs were dispersed in ultrapure water with the assistance of surfactant, and then immobilized into the pores of hollow fiber by capillary forces and sonification. The resultant N-doped CNTs-HF was wetted with 1-octanol, subsequently immersed into the tomato samples to extract the target analytes under a magnetic stirring, and then desorbed with methanol by sonication prior to chromatographic analysis...
August 1, 2018: Talanta
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