keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Residency learning

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780731/the-resident-s-point-of-view-in-the-learning-curve-of-thymic-mis-why-should-i-learn-it
#1
REVIEW
Anna E Frick, Hans Van Veer, Herbert Decaluwé, Willy Coosemans, Dirk Van Raemdonck
Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) in thoracic surgery became quite popular during the last years. The aim of introducing and performing more MIS is to reduce surgical trauma, pain and complications in patients. Training in MIS increases operative time and thus cost in theatre but thus improves with experience. For a resident, the cases should be well selected with experienced supervision in a suitable setting with supporting staff and optimal instruments. Understanding the anatomy of the lung, using simulators, and attending workshops makes the learning curve shorter...
2018: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777919/brain-to-bone-what-is-the-contribution-of-the-brain-to-skeletal-homeostasis
#2
REVIEW
Anna Idelevich, Roland Baron
The brain, which governs most, if not all, physiological functions in the body, from the complexities of cognition, learning and memory, to the regulation of basal body temperature, heart rate and breathing, has long been known to affect skeletal health. In particular, the hypothalamus - located at the base of the brain in close proximity to the medial eminence, where the blood-brain-barrier is not as tight as in other regions of the brain but rather "leaky", due to fenestrated capillaries - is exposed to a variety of circulating body cues, such as nutrients (glucose, fatty acids, amino acids), and hormones (insulin, glucagon, leptin, adiponectin) [1-3]...
May 16, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777356/visuospatial-abilities-and-fine-motor-experiences-influence-acquisition-and-maintenance-of-fundamentals-of-laparoscopic-surgery-fls-task-performance
#3
Cuan M Harrington, Patrick Dicker, Oscar Traynor, Dara O Kavanagh
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgery poses a unique learning curve due to the requirement for non-intuitive psychomotor skills. The fundamentals of laparoscopic surgery (FLS) program trains and certifies residents in such skills. However, innate predictors of FLS performance and maintenance remain to be described. This single-centre observational study aimed to assess for candidate factors influencing the acquisition and maintenance of FLS performance amongst a surgically naïve cohort...
May 18, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776902/an-internet-based-radiology-course-in-medical-school-comparison-of-academic-performance-of-students-on-campus-versus-those-with-absenteeism-due-to-residency-interviews
#4
Andrew George Alexander, Deborah Deas, Paul Eric Lyons
BACKGROUND: Imaging and its optimal use are imperative to the practice of medicine, yet many students don't receive a formal education in radiology. Concurrently, students look for ways to take time away from medical school for residency interviewing. Web-based instruction provides an opportunity to combine these imperatives using online modalities. OBJECTIVE: A largely Web-based course in radiology during the 4th year of medical school was evaluated both for its acceptance to students who needed to be away from campus for interviews, and its effectiveness on a nationally administered standardized test...
May 18, 2018: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776428/evidence-of-the-impact-of-systemic-inflammation-on-neuroinflammation-from-a-non-bacterial-endotoxin-animal-model
#5
Chunxia Huang, Michael Garnet Irwin, Gordon Tin Chun Wong, Raymond Chuen Chung Chang
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammation induces neuroinflammation and cellular changes such as tau phosphorylation to impair cognitive function, including learning and memory. This study uses a single model, laparotomy without any pathogen, to characterize these changes and their responses to anti-inflammatory treatment in the intermediate term. METHODS: In a two-part experiment, wild-type C57BL/6N mice (male, 3 month old, 25 ± 2 g) were subjected to sevoflurane anesthesia alone or to a laparotomy...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774485/educational-impact-of-trainee-facilitated-head-and-neck-radiology-pathology-correlation-conferences
#6
Daniel Thomas Ginat, Nicole A Cipriani, Gregory Christoforidis
The goal of this study was to evaluate the benefits of resident and fellow-facilitated radiology-pathology head and neck conferences. A total of seven resident-facilitated and six fellow-facilitated head and neck radiology-pathology cases were presented as part of the radiology department conference series. The radiology residents were surveyed regarding the perceived quality and effectiveness of the fellow-facilitated sessions. The number of publications yielded from all the cases presented was tracked. Overall, the residents assessed the quality of the fellow-facilitated conferences with an average score of 3...
May 17, 2018: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771691/the-relationship-between-the-learning-and-patient-safety-climates-of-clinical-departments-and-residents-patient-safety-behaviors
#7
Milou E W M Silkens, Onyebuchi A Arah, Cordula Wagner, Albert J J A Scherpbier, Maas Jan Heineman, Kiki M J M H Lombarts
PURPOSE: Improving residents' patient safety behavior should be a priority in graduate medical education to ensure the safety of current and future patients. Supportive learning and patient safety climates may foster this behavior. This study examined the extent to which residents' self-reported patient safety behavior can be explained by the learning climate and patient safety climate of their clinical departments. METHOD: The authors collected learning climate data from clinical departments in the Netherlands that used the web-based Dutch Residency Educational Climate Test between September 2015 and October 2016...
May 15, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770174/a-simple-technique-to-prolong-molding-time-during-application-of-a-fiberglass-cast-an-in-vitro-study
#8
Mark Ayzenberg, Michael Narvaez, James Raphael
Casting is routinely used for acute and post-operative immobilization and remains a cornerstone in the non-operative management of fractures and deformities. The application of a properly fitted and wellmolded cast, especially for a trainee, can be challenging. We present a simple method of prolonging cure time of fiberglass cast - placing ice in the dip water. Eight-ply, fiveinch fiberglass cast was circumferentially applied to an aluminum-wrapped cardboard cylinder. An electronic, 2-channel temperature sensor (TR-71wf Temp Logger, T&D Corporation, Matsumoto, Japan), accurate to 0...
March 29, 2018: Orthopedic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769058/efficacy-of-standardized-training-on-a-virtual-reality-simulator-to-advance-knee-and-shoulder-arthroscopic-motor-skills
#9
Stefan Rahm, Karl Wieser, David E Bauer, Felix Wa Waibel, Dominik C Meyer, Christian Gerber, Sandro F Fucentese
BACKGROUND: Most studies demonstrated, that training on a virtual reality based arthroscopy simulator leads to an improvement of technical skills in orthopaedic surgery. However, how long and what kind of training is optimal for young residents is unknown. In this study we tested the efficacy of a standardized, competency based training protocol on a validated virtual reality based knee- and shoulder arthroscopy simulator. METHODS: Twenty residents and five experts in arthroscopy were included...
May 16, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767215/and-now-please-sign-on-the-dotted-line-teaching-residents-about-professional-life-after-residency
#10
Sherine Salib, Victoria Valencia, Alejandro Moreno
OBJECTIVES: Despite possible long-term repercussions, few training programs teach their residents about the business of medicine. In particular, certain contractual issues can adversely affect a young physician's career mobility. METHODS: We designed a business-of-medicine curriculum and used a survey to determine whether the curriculum satisfied attendees' perceived knowledge gaps about the topics covered in the course, which included four key contractual matters: physician employment contracts (including restrictive covenants), malpractice insurance, job search, and interviewing skills...
May 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766914/training-residents-and-fellows-in-the-procedure-of-diagnostic-cervicocerebral-angiography-techniques-to-avoid-complications
#11
Xianli Lv, Wei Li, Youxiang Li
We examine the problems arising when training residents/fellows (RFs) initiate the learning of diagnostic cervicocerebral angiography (DCCA) and describe the steps on how to facilitate the learning process while avoiding complications. The risk of permanent neurological deficit as a result of DCCA ranges from 0.3-0.5%. Factors that correlated with complications include the following: the history of cerebral infarction, infusion of a large amount of contrast medium, a prolonged fluoroscopic time (>80 min) and the efficiency of training received...
May 2018: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766035/using-the-teaching-perspectives-inventory-as-an-introduction-to-a-residents-as-teachers-curriculum
#12
Amy C Robertson, Leslie C Fowler, Amy Miller Juve
Objective: The Anesthesiology Milestone Project includes a milestone for assessing the teaching attributes of residents within the competency of Practice-based Learning and Improvement. We intend to develop a Residents-as-Teachers educational curriculum to assist our residents in successfully achieving this milestone. The goal of this study is to identify the specific teaching perspectives and intentions of our residents and to promote residents' comprehension of their own teaching philosophy...
October 2017: Journal of Education in Perioperative Medicine: JEPM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764645/design-and-short-term-impact-of-an-event-to-promote-careers-in-clinical-pharmacy
#13
Sarah Ray, Andrew Ticcioni, Robert Mueller, Jessica Battaglia
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is a role for local pharmacy organizations to promote clinical pharmacy and increase awareness to both potential and current pharmacy students. The Greater Milwaukee College of Clinical Pharmacy (GMCCP) chapter sought to promote clinical pharmacy amongst current and prospective pharmacy students to increase the knowledge, awareness, and interest in clinical pharmacy. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Subcommittee members designed programming to introduce the basics of clinical pharmacy...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764267/clinical-narratives-in-residency-education-exploration-of-the-learning-process
#14
Jennifer A Furze, Bruce H Greenfield, J B Barr, Kathleen Geist, Judith Gale, Gail M Jensen
BACKGROUND: Post-professional residency educational programs aim to advance the knowledge and skills of therapists in a clinical specialty area, however, little is known about the process, outcomes, or effectiveness of residency education. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to use narrative as a teaching and learning tool to gain insight into the progressive development of the residents' learning process. DESIGN: Qualitative methods including a retrospective analysis of residents' narratives were used to explore the professional development and thought process of residents...
May 15, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761286/a-qualitative-analysis-of-stress-and-relaxation-themes-contributing-to-burnout-in-first-year-psychiatry-and-medicine-residents
#15
Nicole M Benson, Deanna Chaukos, Heather Vestal, Emma F Chad-Friedman, John W Denninger, Christina P C Borba
OBJECTIVE: Qualitative research on trainee well-being can add nuance to the understanding of propagators of burnout, and the role for interventions aimed at supporting well-being. This qualitative study was conducted to identify (i) situations and environments that cause stress for trainees, (ii) stress-reducing activities that trainees utilize, and (iii) whether trainees who report distress (high burnout and depression scores) describe different stressors and relaxation factors than those who do not...
May 14, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760093/transhemispheric-ecosystem-disservices-of-pink-salmon-in-a-pacific-ocean-macrosystem
#16
Alan M Springer, Gus B van Vliet, Natalie Bool, Mike Crowley, Peter Fullagar, Mary-Anne Lea, Ross Monash, Cassandra Price, Caitlin Vertigan, Eric J Woehler
Pink salmon ( Oncorhynchus gorbuscha ) in the North Pacific Ocean have flourished since the 1970s, with growth in wild populations augmented by rising hatchery production. As their abundance has grown, so too has evidence that they are having important effects on other species and on ocean ecosystems. In alternating years of high abundance, they can initiate pelagic trophic cascades in the northern North Pacific Ocean and Bering Sea and depress the availability of common prey resources of other species of salmon, resident seabirds, and other pelagic species...
May 14, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759881/spanish-urological-schools-1880-1970
#17
M Pérez-Albacete
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: We researched the start of urological specialisation in Spain, from the end of the 19th century to the institution of the education system (resident medical intern) to learn about the centres and individuals who created the urological teaching units and training schools in which the first Spanish urologists specialised their training. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We extracted the references from books on the history of urology, from periodic urological publications and from the posters on history submitted to the congresses of the Spanish Urological Association and filled in the data and dates with the Historical Dictionary of Spanish Urologists...
May 11, 2018: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758071/the-long-term-impact-of-community-mobilisation-through-participatory-women-s-groups-on-women-s-agency-in-the-household-a-follow-up-study-to-the-makwanpur-trial
#18
Lu Gram, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Dharma S Manandhar, Daniel Strachan, Joanna Morrison, Naomi Saville, David Osrin, Kirti M Tumbahangphe, Anthony Costello, Michelle Heys
Women's groups practicing participatory learning and action (PLA) in rural areas have been shown to improve maternal and newborn survival in low-income countries, but the pathways from intervention to impact remain unclear. We assessed the long-term impact of a PLA intervention in rural Nepal on women's agency in the household. In 2014, we conducted a follow-up study to a cluster randomised controlled trial on the impact of PLA women's groups from 2001-2003. Agency was measured using the Relative Autonomy Index (RAI) and its subdomains...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757387/e-learning-on-antibiotic-prescribing-the-role-of-autonomous-motivation-in-participation-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Martine G Caris, Jonne J Sikkens, Rashmi A Kusurkar, Michiel A van Agtmael
Objectives: E-learning is increasingly used in education on antimicrobial stewardship, but participation rates are often low. Insight into factors that affect participation is therefore needed. Autonomous motivation is associated with higher achievements in medical education and could also play a role in e-learning participation. We therefore aimed to investigate the role of residents' autonomous motivation in their participation in e-learning on antibiotic prescribing. Methods: We performed a multicentre cohort study in two academic and two teaching hospitals...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755181/the-pervasive-role-of-social-learning-in-primate-lifetime-development
#20
REVIEW
Andrew Whiten, Erica van de Waal
In recent decades, an accelerating research effort has exploited a substantial diversity of methodologies to garner mounting evidence for social learning and culture in many species of primate. As in humans, the evidence suggests that the juvenile phases of non-human primates' lives represent a period of particular intensity in adaptive learning from others, yet the relevant research remains scattered in the literature. Accordingly, we here offer what we believe to be the first substantial collation and review of this body of work and its implications for the lifetime behavioral ecology of primates...
2018: Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
keyword
keyword
118198
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"