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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634628/standardizing-hysteroscopy-teaching-development-of-a-curriculum-using-the-delphi-method
#1
Marie-Emmanuelle Neveu, Elodie Debras, Julien Niro, Hervé Fernandez, Pierre Panel
BACKGROUND: Hysteroscopy is performed often and in many indications but is challenging to learn. Hands-on training in live patients faces ethical, legal, and economic obstacles. Virtual reality simulation may hold promise as a hysteroscopy training tool. No validated curriculum specific in hysteroscopy exists. The aim of this study was to develop a hysteroscopy curriculum, using the Delphi method to identify skill requirements. METHODS: Based on a literature review using the key words "curriculum," "simulation," and "hysteroscopy," we identified five technical and non-technical areas in which skills were required...
June 20, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633170/teaching-primary-care-genetics-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparison
#2
Deanna Telner, June C Carroll, Glenn Regehr, Diana Tabak, Kara Semotiuk, Risa Freeman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Given the increasing discussions of the impact of genetic medicine within family medicine, it is important to determine the most effective way of teaching this material to family medicine residents (FMRs). The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the impact of three methods of delivering primary care genetic content to FMRs. METHODS: Curriculum materials and assessment tools were created to teach and evaluate knowledge, skills, and attitudes around four core competencies in primary care genetics, with a focus on hereditary colorectal cancer (CRC)...
June 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632011/essential-public-health-competencies-for-medical-students-establishing-a-consensus-in-family-medicine
#3
Christopher P Morley, Scott R Rosas, Ranit Mishori, William Jordan, Yumi Shitama Jarris, Family Medicine/Public Health Competencies Work Group, Jacob Prunuske
Phenomenon: The integration of public health (PH) competency training into medical education, and further integration of PH and primary care, has been urged by the U.S. Institute of Medicine. However, PH competencies are numerous, and no consensus exists over which competencies are most important for adoption by current trainees. Our objective was to conduct a group concept mapping exercise with stakeholders identifying the most important and feasible PH skills to incorporate in medical and residency curricula...
March 2, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630507/analysis-of-the-student-experience-in-an-attending-pharmacist-model-general-medicine-advanced-pharmacy-practice-experience
#4
Teresa A O'Sullivan, Carmen Lau, Erin Sy, Hana Moogk, Stanley S Weber, Jennifer Danielson
Objective. To characterize and determine the quality of the student experience in an attending pharmacist model (APM). Methods. In-depth interviews were conducted with students completing an advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE) at two general medicine services using the APM over a 2-year time period. Quantitative information about student learning and interprofessional interactions were extracted from student evaluations of the site. Data from the mixed model were analyzed to identify strengths of the APM and areas needing improvement...
May 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629581/impact-of-a-teamstepps-trauma-nurse-academy-at-a-level-1-trauma-center
#5
V Kristen Peters, Ellen M Harvey, Andi Wright, Jennifer Bath, Dan Freeman, Bryan Collier
PROBLEM: Nurses are crucial members of the team caring for the acutely injured trauma patient. Until recently, nurses and physicians gained an understanding of leadership and supportive roles separately. With the advent of a multidisciplinary team approach to trauma care, formal team training and simulation has transpired. METHODS: Since 2007, our Level I trauma system has integrated TeamSTEPPS (Team Strategies & Tools to Enhance Performance & Patient Safety; Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD) into our clinical care, joint training of nurses and physicians, using simulations with participation of all health care providers...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629387/an-updated-assessment-of-microglia-depletion-current-concepts-and-future-directions
#6
REVIEW
Jinming Han, Robert A Harris, Xing-Mei Zhang
Microglia are the principal resident immune cells in the central nervous system and are believed to be versatile players in both inflammatory and physiological contexts. On the one hand, in order to safeguard the microenvironment microglia can be rapidly activated by contact with microbial products or cell debris, thereby exerting the functions of innate immunity via phagocytosis and secretion of cytokines and chemokines. Conversely, microglia can also assist in brain development, synaptic plasticity and neural repair through the production of neurotrophic factors and clearance of myelin debris...
June 19, 2017: Molecular Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629300/dynamic-interplay-of-pharmacy-learners-during-a-solid-organ-transplantation-learning-experience
#7
Jonathan H Sin, Hanlin Li, Nicholas Jandovitz, Madeline King, Demetra S Tsapepas
Institutions with established clinical pharmacy services have the ability to offer focused patient care learning experiences, often led by a clinical specialist, for pharmacy residents and pharmacy students. Since all parties are continually involved in professional development and lifelong learning, the aforementioned groups can all be considered "pharmacy learners." By utilizing the dynamic interplay and collaboration between pharmacy learners through direct and nondirect patient care activities, experiential and educational opportunities may be improved and enhanced for each learner...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621188/-investigation-of-laparoscopic-bimanual-technic-education-with-laparoscopic-training-box
#8
Bence Hajnal, Lilla Kapossy, Gábor István, Tímea Kakucs, Péter Benkő, Péter Lukovich
INTRODUCTION: In some surgical wards residents start to do laparoscopic operations using both hands, while in other places they only use their dominant hand, and only start to use both hands later. There are no data at the moment about which method is more effective. METHODS: We divided 20 students with no laparoscopic experience into 2 groups: one group practised one hand at a time (1K), the other group used both hands (2K) during the 5 days. On the last day both groups had to do every exercise with one hand and two hands as well, then they had to do 3 new exercises, which needed both hands...
June 2017: Magyar Sebészet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615399/concussion-diagnosis-and-management-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-family-medicine-residents
#9
Aneetinder Mann, Charles H Tator, James D Carson
OBJECTIVE: To assess the knowledge of, attitudes toward, and learning needs for concussion diagnosis and management among family medicine residents. DESIGN: E-mail survey. SETTING: University of Toronto in Ontario. PARTICIPANTS: Family medicine residents (N = 348). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: To describe relationships between awareness of concussion management and lifestyle, education background, and residency placement, t tests and (2) tests were used as appropriate...
June 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609331/evaluation-and-impact-of-the-advanced-pediatric-life-support-course-in-the-care-of-pediatric-emergencies-in-spain
#10
Javier Benito, Carlos Luaces-Cubells, Santiago Mintegi, Ignacio Manrique Martínez, Mercedes De la Torre Espí, Concepción Miguez Navarro, Paula Vazquez López, Carmen Campos Calleja, Francesc Ferres Serrat, María Teresa Alonso Salas, Javier González Del Rey
INTRODUCTION: The Advanced Pediatric Life Support (APLS) course was introduced in the training of professionals who care for pediatric emergencies in Spain in 2005. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the impact of the APLS course in the current clinical practice in Spanish PEDs. METHODS: The directors of APLS courses were asked about information regarding the courses given to date, especially on the results of the satisfaction survey completed by students at the end of the course...
June 12, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608992/student-and-recent-graduate-perspectives-on-radiological-imaging-instruction-during-basic-anatomy-courses
#11
Andrew W Phillips, Hunter Eason, Christopher M Straus
Recently, faculty at Pritzker School of Medicine, The University of Chicago, have made efforts to improve the depth of radiological anatomy knowledge that students have, but no insights exist as to student and resident opinions of how clinically helpful deep anatomical understanding is. A single-institution survey of second- and fourth-year medical students and postgraduate year 1-4 residents from 11 specialties, composed of five-point Likert questions, sample examination questions, and narrative response questions, was distributed in 2015...
June 13, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608826/transportation-matters-a-health-impact-assessment-in-rural-new-mexico
#12
Michelle Del Rio, William L Hargrove, Joe Tomaka, Marcelo Korc
This Health Impact Assessment (HIA) informed the decision of expanding public transportation services to rural, low income communities of southern Doña Ana County, New Mexico on the U.S./Mexico border. The HIA focused on impacts of access to health care services, education, and economic development opportunities. Qualitative and quantitative data were collected from surveys of community members, key informant interviews, a focus group with community health workers, and passenger surveys during an initial introduction of the transit system...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606597/resident-involvement-in-microsurgery-an-american-college-of-surgeons-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-analysis
#13
Kevin T Jubbal, Daniel Chang, Shayan A Izaddoost, William Pederson, Dmitry Zavlin, Anthony Echo
OBJECTIVE: In the current healthcare climate, there is increased focus on medical errors, patient outcomes, and the influence of resident participation on these metrics. Other studies have examined the influence of resident involvement on surgical outcomes, but the arena of microsurgery, with added complexity and learning curve, has yet to be investigated. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was performed to find patients undergoing procedures with free tissue transfer by screening for Current Procedural Terminology codes...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598741/toward-a-research-agenda-for-competency-based-medical-education
#14
Larry Gruppen, Jason R Frank, Jocelyn Lockyer, Shelley Ross, M Dylan Bould, Peter Harris, Farhan Bhanji, Brian D Hodges, Linda Snell, Olle Ten Cate
Competency-based medical education (CBME) is both an educational philosophy and an approach to educational design. CBME has already had a broad impact on medical schools, residency programs, and continuing professional development in health professions around the world. As the CBME movement evolves and CBME programs are implemented, a wide range of emerging research questions will warrant scholarly examination. In this paper, we describe a proposed CBME research agenda developed by the International CBME Collaborators...
June 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598708/twelve-tips-for-implementation-of-student-as-teacher-programs
#15
Taylor Freret, Jasmine Rana, Richard M Schwartzstein, Holly C Gooding
Much has been written about the learning benefits of peer teaching for medical trainees. What remains less certain is how practically to implement "Student-as-teacher" (SaT) programs combining teacher-skills training with hands-on teaching experiences for medical students to prepare them for their roles as teachers in residency and beyond. In this article, we address this gap by outlining twelve tips for the implementation of SaT programs based on review of the literature and our experience implementing SaT curricula at our institution...
June 9, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598457/rural-health-care-workers-and-local-residents-health-status-in-yulong-county-of-yunnan-province-china-and-hat-yai-city-of-songkhla-mansion-thailand
#16
Q U Fanwei, J Yanling, V Chongsuvivatwong, T Liabsuetrakul, L Yan, C Le, J Runsheng
INTRODUCTION: To compare health status between Hat Yai city of Songkhla Province in Thailand and Yulong county of Yunnan province in China about rural health care workers and local residents, analyzing of both differences, learning from the advanced experience and practice of Thailand, adjusting policy, especially for the implementation of measures to improve the lack of human resources construction of Yulong County rural health, promote the level of rural health service of Lijiang. METHODS: A qualitative study consisting of focus group discussions and individual in-depth interviews were conducted in Rural Health Care Workers and Local Residents Health Status in Yulong County of Yunnan Province China and Hat Yai City of Songkhla Mansion Thailand from...
January 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597480/public-understanding-of-ebola-risks-mastering-an-unfamiliar-threat
#17
Baruch Fischhoff, Gabrielle Wong-Parodi, Dana Rose Garfin, E Alison Holman, Roxane Cohen Silver
Ebola was the most widely followed news story in the United States in October 2014. Here, we ask what members of the U.S. public learned about the disease, given the often chaotic media environment. Early in 2015, we surveyed a representative sample of 3,447 U.S. residents about their Ebola-related beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors. Where possible, we elicited judgments in terms sufficiently precise to allow comparing them to scientific estimates (e.g., the death toll to date and the probability of dying once ill)...
June 8, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595686/attitudes-of-nursing-facilities-staff-toward-pharmacy-students-interaction-with-its-residents
#18
Donna Adkins, Paul Gavaza, Sharon Deel
OBJECTIVE: All Appalachian College of Pharmacy second-year students undertake the longitudinal geriatric early pharmacy practice experiences (EPPE) 2 course, which involves interacting with geriatric residents in two nursing facilities over two semesters. The study investigated the nursing staff's perceptions about the rotation and the pharmacy students' interaction with nursing facility residents. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Academic setting...
June 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594983/a-facial-trauma-simulation-course-for-evaluation-and-treatment-of-facial-fractures
#19
J Jared Christophel, Stephen S Park, Stephen J Nogan, Garth F Essig
Importance: Traditional facial trauma laboratories are used for teaching basic concepts of fracture reduction and hardware manipulation. Facial trauma simulation laboratories allow training physicians the opportunity to develop unique treatment plans as they would in real patient encounters. Objective: To assess the value of a novel facial trauma simulation course requiring residents to practice advanced decision making. Design, Setting, and Participants: Data were prospectively collected July 23 and August 23 and 24, 2016, in a survey study during a resident physician trauma simulation course...
June 8, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593692/it-s-worth-the-wait-optimizing-questioning-methods-for-effective-intraoperative-teaching
#20
Meredith Barrett, Christopher P Magas, Larry D Gruppen, Priya H Dedhia, Gurjit Sandhu
BACKGROUND: The use of questioning to engage learners is critical to furthering resident education intraoperatively. Previous studies have demonstrated that higher level questioning and optimal wait times (>3 s) result in learner responses reflective of higher cognition and retention. Given the importance of intraoperative learning, we investigated question delivery in the operating room. METHODS: A total of 12 laparoscopic cholecystectomies were observed and recorded...
June 7, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
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