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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424634/when-the-second-language-takes-the-lead-neurocognitive-processing-changes-in-the-first-language-of-adult-attriters
#1
Kristina Kasparian, Karsten Steinhauer
Although research on multilingualism has revealed continued neuroplasticity for language-learning beyond what was previously expected, it remains controversial whether and to what extent a second language (L2) acquired in adulthood may induce changes in the neurocognitive processing of a first language (L1). First language (L1) attrition in adulthood offers new insight on neuroplasticity and the factors that modulate neurocognitive responses to language. To date, investigations of the neurocognitive correlates of L1 attrition and of factors influencing these mechanisms are still scarce...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422814/the-effect-of-rubric-guided-focused-personalized-coaching-sessions-and-video-recorded-presentations-on-teaching-skills-among-fourth-year-medical-students-a-pilot-study
#2
Vatche Tchekmedyian, Helen M Shields, Stephen R Pelletier, Valeria C Pazo
PROBLEM: As medical students become residents, teaching becomes an expected and integral responsibility. Yet, training-for-teaching opportunities are lacking. In 2014, the authors designed a pilot study using rubric-guided, focused, personalized coaching sessions and video-recorded presentations to improve student teaching skills among fourth-year students at Harvard Medical School. APPROACH: In 2014-2015, the authors recruited students from an elective on how to tutor preclinical students for the pilot, which consisted of four phases: a precoaching teaching presentation, a 30- to 45-minute coaching session, a postcoaching teaching presentation, and blinded reviewer ratings...
April 18, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421176/distributed-learning-revitalizing-anesthesiology-training-in-resource-limited-ethiopia
#3
Krupa B Patel, Morgan Dooley, Ananya Abate, Vanessa Moll
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has a significant paucity of available health-care workers. Despite the increasing number of medical schools, there are not enough physician instructors. Furthermore, availability and standardization of postgraduate training are lacking. Modalities of e-learning have been shown to be successful when used to impart medical education in other resource-limited countries. The Emory University and Addis Ababa University (AAU) Departments of Anesthesiology have formed a collaboration with the intent of improving the AAU Anesthesiology residency program, one of two postgraduate training programs for anesthesiology in Ethiopia...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417658/resident-involvement-in-professional-otolaryngology-organizations-current-trends-in-the-united-states
#4
Kevin Wong, Minyoung Jang, Amir Gilad, Jessica R Levi
Involvement by residents in professional medical organizations can enrich their training, but little data exist regarding the number and types of involvement opportunities available to otolaryngology residents. We sought to fill this gap in knowledge by quantifying the extent to which major otolaryngology-related organizations in the United States provide involvement opportunities to otolaryngology residents. Our analysis included 23 organizations and subspecialty societies. Results showed that many opportunities exist for residents to attend conferences and present research; however, fewer involvement and funding opportunities existed in any other leadership, health policy, or service-learning experiences...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417434/characterizing-rural-food-access-in-remote-areas
#5
Chris J Bardenhagen, Courtney A Pinard, Rich Pirog, Amy Lazarus Yaroch
Residents of rural areas may have limited access to healthy foods, leading to higher incidence of diet related health issues. Smaller grocers in rural areas experience challenges in maintaining fresh produce and other healthy foods available for customers. This study assessed the rural food environment in northeast Lower Michigan in order to inform healthy food financing projects such as the Michigan Good Food Fund. The area's retail food businesses were categorized using secondary licensing, business, and nutrition program databases...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412786/-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-residency-training-in-the-united-states-what-can-we-learn
#6
Y F Ren
China is currently in the process of establishing formal residency training programs in oral and maxillofacial surgery and other medical and dental specialties. Regulatory agencies, and educational and academic institutions in China are exploring mechanisms, goals and standards of residency training that meet the needs of the Chinese healthcare system. This article provides an introduction of residency training in oral and maxillofacial surgery in the United States, with emphasis on the accreditation standard by the Commission on Dental Accreditation...
April 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407264/microvascular-anastomosis-simulation-using-a-chicken-thigh-model-interval-versus-massed-training
#7
Stephen Schoeff, Brian Hernandez, Derek J Robinson, Mark J Jameson, David C Shonka
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To compare the effectiveness of massed versus interval training when teaching otolaryngology residents microvascular suturing on a validated microsurgical model. STUDY DESIGN: Otolaryngology residents were placed into interval (n = 7) or massed (n = 7) training groups. The interval group performed three separate 30-minute practice sessions separated by at least 1 week, and the massed group performed a single 90-minute practice session. Both groups viewed a video demonstration and recorded a pretest prior to the first training session...
April 13, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406846/the-value-of-simulation-based-training-in-the-path-to-laparoscopic-urological-proficiency
#8
Ben S E P Van Cleynenbreugel, Ali S Gözen, Theodoros Tokas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Numerous factors have reduced the training opportunities of surgical residents in the operating room. There is also the question of patient's safety. This gives a need for increased training opportunities outside the operating room. We look if there is an added value in simulation-based training (SBT) in the acquisition of laparoscopic skills. RECENT FINDINGS: Incorporating SBT into the medical students curriculum reduces surgical complication rates in the operating room...
April 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406048/placement-of-central-venous-port-catheters-and-peripherally-inserted-central-catheters-in-the-routine-clinical-setting-of-a-radiology-department-analysis-of-costs-and-intervention-duration-learning-curve
#9
Roman Rotzinger, Bernhard Gebauer, Dirk Schnapauff, Florian Streitparth, Gero Wieners, Christian Grieser, Patrick Freyhardt, Bernd Hamm, Martin H Maurer
Background Placement of central venous port catheters (CVPS) and peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC) is an integral component of state-of-the-art patient care. In the era of increasing cost awareness, it is desirable to have more information to comprehensively assess both procedures. Purpose To perform a retrospective analysis of interventional radiologic implantation of CVPS and PICC lines in a large patient population including a cost analysis of both methods as well as an investigation the learning curve in terms of the interventions' durations...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404541/making-air-pollution-visible-a-tool-for-promoting-environmental-health-literacy
#10
Ekaterina Galkina Cleary, Allison P Patton, Hsin-Ching Wu, Alan Xie, Joseph Stubblefield, William Mass, Georges Grinstein, Susan Koch-Weser, Doug Brugge, Carolyn Wong
BACKGROUND: Digital maps are instrumental in conveying information about environmental hazards geographically. For laypersons, computer-based maps can serve as tools to promote environmental health literacy about invisible traffic-related air pollution and ultrafine particles. Concentrations of these pollutants are higher near major roadways and increasingly linked to adverse health effects. Interactive computer maps provide visualizations that can allow users to build mental models of the spatial distribution of ultrafine particles in a community and learn about the risk of exposure in a geographic context...
April 12, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404204/global-surgical-electives-in-residency-the-impact-on-training-and-future-practice
#11
Melike Harfouche, Leandra Krowsoski, Amy Goldberg, Zoe Maher
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate perceptions regarding the value of global surgical electives (GSEs) and pursuit of a career in global surgery amongst residents and surgeons. METHODS: We sent an anonymous questionnaire to all current and former surgical residents of our tertiary-care, university-based institution from the years 2000-2013. Questions addressed the experience and value of practicing surgery in low or middle income countries (LMIC) in residency and as a career...
April 7, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401571/tying-knots-an-activity-theory-analysis-of-student-learning-goals-in-clinical-education
#12
Douglas P Larsen, Austin Wesevich, Jana Lichtenfeld, Antony R Artino, Ryan Brydges, Lara Varpio
CONTEXT: Learning goal programmes are often created to help students develop self-regulated learning skills; however, these programmes do not necessarily consider the social contexts surrounding learning goals or how they fit into daily educational practice. OBJECTIVES: We investigated a high-frequency learning goal programme in which students generated and shared weekly learning goals with their clinical teams in core Year 3 clerkships. Our study explores: (i) how learning goals were incorporated into the clinical work, and (ii) the factors that influenced the use of students' learning goals in work-based learning...
April 12, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400222/self-reported-health-and-safety-awareness-improves-prediction-of-level-of-care-needs-in-veterans-discharged-from-a-post-acute-unit
#13
Julija Stelmokas, Linas A Bieliauskas, Katherine A Kitchen Andren, Robert Hogikyan, Neil B Alexander
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the differential value of a self-reported health and safety awareness measure relative to other medical, psychosocial, and cognitive factors in predicting level of care (LOC) needs following hospital discharge. DESIGN: Retrospective medical record review. SETTING: Community Living Center Post-Acute Care (CLC-PAC) unit at a Veterans Affairs (VA) hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 175 Veterans admitted to the VA hospital or directly to the CLC-PAC from home...
April 8, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400132/utility-of-a-simple-lighting-device-to-improve-chest-compressions-learning
#14
L González-Calvete, R Barcala-Furelos, J D Moure-González, C Abelairas-Gómez, A Rodríguez-Núñez
INTRODUCTION: The recommendations on cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) emphasize the quality of the manoeuvres, especially chest compressions (CC). Audiovisual feedback devices could improve the quality of the CC during CPR. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of a simple lighting device as a visual aid during CPR on a mannequin. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-two paediatricians who attended an accredited paediatric CPR course performed, in random order, 2min of CPR on a mannequin without and with the help of a simple lighting device, which flashes at a frequency of 100 cycles per minute...
April 8, 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397582/the-interactive-candidate-assessment-tool-a-new-way-to-interview-residents
#15
Michael P Platt, Vafa Akhtar-Khavari, Rafael Ortega, Jeffrey I Schneider, Tabitha Fineberg, Kenneth M Grundfast
The purpose of the residency interview is to determine the extent to which a well-qualified applicant is a good fit with a residency program. However, questions asked during residency interviews tend to be standard and repetitive, and they may not elicit information that best differentiates one applicant from another. The iCAT (interactive Candidate Assessment Tool) is a novel interview instrument that allows both interviewers and interviewees to learn about each other in a meaningful way. The iCAT uses a tablet computer to enable the candidate to select questions from an array of video and nonvideo vignettes...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396705/changing-the-impact-of-nursing-assistants-education-in-seniors-care-the-living-classroom-in-long-term-care
#16
REVIEW
Veronique M Boscart, Josie d'Avernas, Paul Brown, Marlene Raasok
BACKGROUND: Evidence-informed care to support seniors is based on strong knowledge and skills of nursing assistants (NAs). Currently, there are insufficient NAs in the workforce, and new graduates are not always attracted to nursing home (NH) sectors because of limited exposure and lack of confidence. Innovative collaborative approaches are required to prepare NAs to care for seniors. METHODS: A 2009 collaboration between a NH group and a community college resulted in the Living Classroom (LC), a collaborative approach to integrated learning where NA students, college faculty, NH teams, residents, and families engage in a culture of learning...
March 2017: Canadian Geriatrics Journal: CGJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391243/accurate-classification-of-protein-subcellular-localization-from-high-throughput-microscopy-images-using-deep-learning
#17
Tanel Pärnamaa, Leopold Parts
High throughput microscopy of many single cells generates high-dimensional data that are far from straightforward to analyze. One important problem is automatically detecting the cellular compartment where a fluorescently tagged protein resides, a task relatively simple for an experienced human, but difficult to automate on a computer. Here, we train an 11-layer neural network on data from mapping thousands of yeast proteins, achieving per cell localization classification accuracy of 91%, and per protein accuracy of 99% on held out images...
April 8, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391215/fast-variable-structure-stochastic-automaton-for-discovering-and-tracking-spatiotemporal-event-patterns
#18
Junqi Zhang, Yuheng Wang, Cheng Wang, MengChu Zhou
Discovering and tracking spatiotemporal event patterns have many applications. For example, in a smart-home project, a set of spatiotemporal pattern learning automata are used to monitor a user's repetitive activities, by which the home's automaticity can be promoted while some of his/her burdens can be reduced. Existing algorithms for spatiotemporal event pattern recognition in dynamic noisy environment are based on fixed structure stochastic automata whose state transition function is fixed and predesigned to guarantee their immunity to noise...
April 5, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390883/is-orthopedic-department-teaching-status-associated-with-adverse-outcomes-of-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty
#19
Matthew R Boylan, Dean C Perfetti, Qais Naziri, Aditya V Maheshwari, Carl B Paulino, Michael A Mont
BACKGROUND: Although resident physicians play a vital role in the US health care system, they are believed to create inefficiencies in the delivery of care. Under the regional component of the Comprehensive Care for Joint Replacement model, teaching hospitals are forced to compete on efficiency and outcomes with nonteaching hospitals. METHODS: We identified 86,021 patients undergoing elective primary total hip arthroplasty in New York State between January 1, 2009, and September 30, 2014...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386515/current-state-and-problems-of-radiation-risk-communication-based-on-the-results-of-a-2012-whole-village-survey
#20
Yujiro Kuroda
PURPOSE: The entire village of Iitate was contaminated by radioactive material from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant; even today, the residents remain evacuated. For the villagers, risk communication is an important element of recovery and maintaining health. This analysis focuses on the problem of radiation, presents results from a questionnaire of villagers, and examines methods for future risk communication activities. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In May 2012, anonymous surveys were sent to 2914 heads of households whose addresses were registered in Iitate...
February 24, 2017: PLoS Currents
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