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Posttraumatic stress disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087128/intranasal-oxytocin-to-prevent-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-emergency-department-patients
#1
Mirjam van Zuiden, Jessie L Frijling, Laura Nawijn, Saskia B J Koch, J Carel Goslings, Jan S Luitse, Tessa H Biesheuvel, Adriaan Honig, Dick J Veltman, Miranda Olff
BACKGROUND: There are currently few preventive interventions available for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Intranasal oxytocin administration early after trauma may prevent PTSD, because oxytocin administration was previously found to beneficially impact PTSD vulnerability factors, including neural fear responsiveness, peripheral stress reactivity, and socioemotional functioning. Therefore, we investigated the effects of intranasal oxytocin administration early after trauma on subsequent clinician-rated PTSD symptoms...
December 8, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080076/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-risk-for-suicidal-behavior-in-male-iraq-and-afghanistan-veterans-seeking-ptsd-treatment
#2
Timothy D Carroll, Joseph M Currier, Wesley H McCormick, Kent D Drescher
OBJECTIVE: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with increased risk for suicide and appear to occur in disproportionately high rates among men who served in the U.S. military. However, research has yet to examine a comprehensive range of ACEs among Iraq/Afghanistan veterans with combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or whether these premilitary stressors may contribute to suicidal behavior in this highly vulnerable population. METHOD: A sample of 217 men entering a residential program for combat-related PTSD completed measures for ACEs, combat exposure, and lifetime suicidal ideation and attempts...
January 12, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079769/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-relapse-and-clitoral-reconstruction-after-female-genital-mutilation
#3
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Francesco Bianchi Demicheli, Alexia Willame, Nathalie Recordon, Patrick Petignat
BACKGROUND: Evidence on clitoral reconstruction after female genital mutilation is lacking. CASE: A woman with female genital mutilation experiencing clitoral pain during sex consulted to undergo clitoral reconstruction. The surgery was complicated by a wound infection responsible for severe postoperative pain. Such genital pain made our patient recall the traumatic experience of genital mutilation and experience a relapse of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms...
January 9, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079572/concurrent-treatment-of-ptsd-and-substance-use-disorders-using-prolonged-exposure-cope-a-pilot-study-in-alcohol-dependent-women
#4
Anna Persson, Sudie E Back, Therese K Killeen, Kathleen T Brady, Melanie L Schwandt, Markus Heilig, Åsa Magnusson
OBJECTIVES: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders are highly comorbid. Effective treatments are largely lacking. This pilot study evaluated the safety and feasibility of a novel intervention, Concurrent Treatment of PTSD and Substance Use Disorders Using Prolonged Exposure (COPE), in preparation for a randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Twenty-two treatment-seeking women with current DSM-IV-TR PTSD and alcohol dependence (AD) were recruited...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078194/trauma-exposed-latina-immigrants-networks-a-social-network-analysis-approach
#5
Alejandra Hurtado-de-Mendoza, Adriana Serrano, Felisa A Gonzales, Nicole C Fernandez, Mark Cabling, Stacey Kaltman
OBJECTIVE: Trauma exposure among Latina immigrants is common. Social support networks can buffer the impact of trauma on mental health. This study characterizes the social networks of trauma-exposed Latina immigrants using a social network analysis perspective. METHODS: In 2011-2012 a convenience sample (n=28) of Latina immigrants with trauma exposure and presumptive depression or posttraumatic stress disorder was recruited from a community clinic in Washington DC...
November 2016: Journal of Latina/o Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077744/neuropsychiatric-outcomes-after-mefloquine-exposure-among-u-s-military-service-members
#6
Angelia A Eick-Cost, Zheng Hu, Patricia Rohrbeck, Leslie L Clark
Mefloquine was widely prescribed to U.S. military service members until 2009 when use was limited to personnel with contraindications to doxycycline and no contraindications to mefloquine. The need to estimate the occurrence of neuropsychiatric outcomes (NPOs) in service members prescribed mefloquine warranted a comprehensive evaluation of this issue. Active component service members filling a prescription for mefloquine, doxycycline, or atovaquone/proguanil (A/P) between January 1, 2008 and June 30, 2013, were included in the analysis...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076671/a-randomized-trial-of-collaborative-care-for-perinatal-depression-in-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-women-the-impact-of-comorbid-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#7
Nancy K Grote, Wayne J Katon, Joan E Russo, Mary Jane Lohr, Mary Curran, Erin Galvin, Kathy Carson
OBJECTIVE: The comorbidity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with antenatal depression poses increased risks for postpartum depression and may delay or diminish response to evidence-based depression care. In a secondary analysis of an 18-month study of collaborative care for perinatal depression, the authors hypothesized that pregnant, depressed, socioeconomically disadvantaged women with comorbid PTSD would show more improvement in the MOMCare intervention providing Brief Interpersonal Psychotherapy and/or antidepressants, compared to intensive public health Maternity Support Services (MSS-Plus)...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076641/cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-checklist-5-pcl-5-and-life-events-checklist-5-lec-5-for-the-brazilian-context
#8
Eduardo de Paula Lima, Alina Gomide Vasconcelos, William Berger, Christian Haag Kristensen, Elizabeth do Nascimento, Ivan Figueira, Mauro Vitor Mendlowicz
Objective: To describe the process of cross-cultural adaptation of the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist 5 (PCL-5) and the Life Events Checklist 5 (LEC-5) for the Brazilian sociolinguistic context. Method: The adaptation process sought to establish conceptual, semantic, and operational equivalence between the original items of the questionnaire and their translated versions, following standardized protocols. Initially, two researchers translated the original version of the scale into Brazilian Portuguese...
October 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074666/association-between-posttraumatic-stress-and-acceptance-of-social-changes-findings-from-a-general-population-study-and-proposal-of-a-new-concept
#9
Evaldas Kazlauskas, Paulina Zelviene
BACKGROUND: There is a growing understanding of the importance of the social factors of posttraumatic stress disorder. AIMS: This study expands research on association between posttraumatic stress and social factors by introducing the measure of the acceptance of social changes and evaluating possible links between posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and acceptance of social changes. METHODS: A general population sample ( n = 778) aged from 18 to 89 years ( M = 40...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073047/examining-cognitive-examining-cognitive-processes-and-drinking-urge-in-ptsd
#10
Jennifer P Read, Rachel L Bachrach, Jeffrey D Wardell, Scott F Coffey
Despite their centrality to learning theories, strikingly little attention has been paid to the role of cognitions in efforts to understand associations between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol drinking. In the present study, we sought to examine information processing pathways for trauma and alcohol information, and the effects of posttraumatic stress and trauma cue exposure on these pathways. Participants were college students (N = 232; 49% female; Mage = 19.56,SD = 1.44) categorized into three diagnostic groups based on current PTSD status determined by structured clinical interview...
December 24, 2016: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072906/-no-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-lithuania-national-health-care-fails-to-identify-ptsd
#11
Evaldas Kazlauskas, Paulina Zelviene, Jonas Eimontas
Lithuanian National Health Insurance (NHI) registry data from 2014 and 2015 were used to estimate the annual rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other stress-related disorders in Lithuania. A large gap was found between 12-month PTSD prevalence based on epidemiological data and annual PTSD rates based on health care service utilization in Lithuania. Estimations from the health care service's utilization data revealed that only about 0.01% to 0.02% of the population in Lithuania is diagnosed with PTSD annually, indicating that the national health care system identifies only about 1% of potential PTSD cases in Lithuania...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072836/pre-migration-trauma-exposure-and-mental-health-functioning-among-central-american-migrants-arriving-at-the-us-border
#12
Allen Keller, Amy Joscelyne, Megan Granski, Barry Rosenfeld
In recent years, increasing numbers of families and individuals have arrived at the U.S. border from Central America, in particular, from Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala. This study sought to examine pre-migration trauma exposure and current mental health functioning of migrant families arriving at the U.S. border from the Northern Triangle region, with specific attention to the reasons offered for leaving their home country and the frequency with which migrant families appear to satisfy legal criteria for asylum We interviewed 234 adults in McAllen, Texas, using a structured interview and standardized questionnaires to assess exposure to trauma prior to migration, reasons for leaving their home country and symptoms of posttraumatic stress and depression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072503/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-and-cognitive-function-in-a-large-cohort-of-middle-aged-women
#13
Jennifer A Sumner, Kaitlin Hagan, Fran Grodstein, Andrea L Roberts, Brian Harel, Karestan C Koenen
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been linked to cognitive decline, but research in women is generally lacking. We examined whether trauma and elevated PTSD symptoms were associated with worse cognitive function in middle-aged civilian women. A secondary objective was to investigate the possible role of depression in the relation of PTSD symptoms to cognitive function. METHODS: The sample comprised 14,029 middle-aged women in the Nurses' Health Study II...
January 10, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072467/a-cross-lagged-panel-study-of-dissociation-and-posttraumatic-stress-in-a-treatment-seeking-sample-of-survivors-of-childhood-sexual-abuse
#14
Siobhan Murphy, Ask Elklit, Jamie Murphy, Philip Hyland, Mark Shevlin
OBJECTIVE: The current prospective study assessed the temporal relations between dissociation and posttraumatic stress (PTS) in a sample of treatment-seeking female survivors of childhood sexual abuse. PTS refers to symptoms associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the absence of a clinical diagnosis of PTSD. METHOD: Initial assessment was on average 23 years after the onset of abuse (N = 405), and participants were followed-up after 6 months (N = 245) and 12 months (N = 119)...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068141/ethnoracial-differences-in-ptsd-symptoms-and-trauma-related-cognitions-in-treatment-seeking-active-duty-military-personnel-for-ptsd
#15
Brittany N Hall-Clark, Antonia N Kaczkurkin, Anu Asnaani, Jody Zhong, Alan L Peterson, Jeffrey S Yarvis, Elisa V Borah, Katherine A Dondanville, Elizabeth A Hembree, Brett T Litz, Jim Mintz, Stacey Young-McCaughan, Edna B Foa
OBJECTIVE: It is uncertain whether ethnoracial factors should be considered by clinicians assessing and treating posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among service members. The purpose of this study was to shed light on ethnoracial variation in the presentation of PTSD symptoms, trauma-related cognitions, and emotions among treatment-seeking active duty military personnel. METHOD: Participants were 303 male active duty military members with PTSD participating in a clinical trial (60% were self-identified as White, 19% as African American, and 21% as Hispanic/Latino)...
January 9, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068140/mental-strategies-as-mediators-of-the-link-between-attachment-and-ptsd
#16
Paulo Correia Ferrajão, Deborah Badoud, Rui Aragão Oliveira
The authors analyzed the relationship between attachment dimensions (avoidance and anxiety) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms through the mediation of the mental strategies organization, that is, behavioral and intrapsychic strategies used to cope with traumatic events and symptoms, among a sample of war veterans. Sample was composed of Portuguese war veterans (N = 60): 30 veterans suffered from chronic PTSD (nonrecovered) and 30 veterans had remission from PTSD (recovered). Assessment of mental strategies was retrieved from 1 interview assessed by 3 judges, and attachment patterns and PTSD symptoms were assessed through self-report measures...
January 9, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068139/do-acceptance-and-mindfulness-moderate-the-relationship-between-maladaptive-beliefs-and-posttraumatic-distress
#17
Jillian C Shipherd, Kristalyn Salters-Pedneault
OBJECTIVE: Maladaptive pre- and posttraumatic beliefs are reliable predictors of distress in the wake of trauma. Acceptance and mindfulness skills may be associated with less distress in the presence of these beliefs, but few studies have explored these relationships. This study examined whether individual differences in acceptance and mindfulness moderate the relationship between maladaptive thoughts and distress in postdeployment soldiers. METHOD: We explored the relationships between posttraumatic maladaptive beliefs, acceptance, mindfulness, and posttraumatic distress (posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD] and general psychological symptoms) in a sample of recently postdeployed active duty U...
January 9, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068120/daily-associations-between-ptsd-drinking-and-self-appraised-alcohol-related-problems
#18
Sarah M Wilson, Marketa Krenek, Paul A Dennis, Samantha S Yard, Kendall C Browne, Tracy L Simpson
Alcohol dependence (AD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are highly comorbid, yet limited research has focused on PTSD and daily drinking as they relate to self-appraised alcohol-related problems. In treatment contexts, patients' appraisals of alcohol-related problems have implications for assessment, intervention strategies, and prognosis. This study investigated the moderating effect of within-person (daily symptoms) and between-person (overall severity) differences in PTSD on the association between daily drinking and same-day alcohol-related problems...
January 9, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065842/fear-extinction-and-memory-reconsolidation-as-critical-components-in-behavioral-treatment-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-potential-augmentation-of-these-processes
#19
REVIEW
Noelle B Smith, Jennifer M Doran, Lauren M Sippel, Ilan Harpaz-Rotem
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with alterations in critical brain regions such as the amygdala, hippocampus, and prefrontal cortex. This brief review has two objectives: (1) to discuss research examining extinction and reconsolidation processes as mechanisms in PTSD psychotherapy, and (2) present possibilities for augmenting extinction and reconsolidation within treatment through alterations to therapeutic interventions and novel approaches. A key component of many effective PTSD therapies is exposure, which involves intentional confrontation and processing of the traumatic memory...
January 5, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065208/mental-health-and-psychosocial-problems-in-the-aftermath-of-the-nepal-earthquakes-findings-from-a-representative-cluster-sample-survey
#20
J C Kane, N P Luitel, M J D Jordans, B A Kohrt, I Weissbecker, W A Tol
AIMS: Two large earthquakes in 2015 caused widespread destruction in Nepal. This study aimed to examine frequency of common mental health and psychosocial problems and their correlates following the earthquakes. METHODS: A stratified multi-stage cluster sampling design was employed to randomly select 513 participants (aged 16 and above) from three earthquake-affected districts in Nepal: Kathmandu, Gorkha and Sindhupalchowk, 4 months after the second earthquake. Outcomes were selected based on qualitative preparatory research and included symptoms of depression and anxiety (Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25); post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD Checklist-Civilian); hazardous alcohol use (AUDIT-C); symptoms indicating severe psychological distress (WHO-UNHCR Assessment Schedule of Serious Symptoms in Humanitarian Settings (WASSS)); suicidal ideation (Composite International Diagnostic Interview); perceived needs (Humanitarian Emergency Settings Perceived Needs Scale (HESPER)); and functional impairment (locally developed scale)...
January 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
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