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Linlu Zhao, Darren M Roffey, Suzan Chen
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. OBJECTIVE: To assess and synthesize the current evidence on the association between the rs1256120 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the estrogen receptor beta gene (ESR2) and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Hormonal disturbance has been postulated as a potential etiological factor in the development of AIS. As estrogen receptors are important mediators of estrogen response, mutations in these genes, including rs1256120 of ESR2, have been chosen as susceptibility candidates for AIS predisposition...
October 17, 2016: Spine
Valérie Bernard, Sakina Kherra, Bruno Francou, Jérôme Fagart, Say Viengchareun, Jérôme Guéchot, Asmahane Ladjouze, Anne Guiochon-Mantel, Kenneth S Korach, Nadine Binart, Marc Lombès, Sophie Christin-Maitre
CONTEXT: Estrogens influence many physiological processes in mammals, including reproduction. Estrogen peripheral actions are mainly mediated through estrogen receptors (ER) α and β, encoded by ESR1 and ESR2 genes, respectively. OBJECTIVE: To describe a family in which three members presented with estrogen insensitivity. DESIGN AND SETTING: Clinical evaluation, genetic and mutational analysis were performed in an academic medical center...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Virginia Régia Souza Silveira, Suzane Cristina Pigossi, Raquel Mantuaneli Scarel-Caminaga, Joni Augusto Cirelli, Rodrigo Rêgo, Nádia Accioly Pinto Nogueira
The objective of this study was to investigate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the IL10, NOS2A, and ESR2 genes and chronic periodontitis (CP) and aggressive periodontitis (AgP). Three groups of patients underwent periodontal and radiographic evaluations: CP (n = 61), AgP (n = 50), and periodontally healthy (control group=61). Genomic DNA was extracted from oral epithelial cells and used for genotyping by real-time polymerase chain reaction using TaqMan® probes. The investigated SNPs were: -1087G > A, -819C > T and -592C > A in the IL10; +2087G > A in the NOS2A, and +1730G > A in the ESR2 gene...
October 10, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
Zibo Li, Jianfu Heng, Jinhua Yan, Xinwu Guo, Lili Tang, Ming Chen, Limin Peng, Yepeng Wu, Shouman Wang, Zhi Xiao, Zhongping Deng, Lizhong Dai, Jun Wang
PURPOSE: Gene-specific methylation and expression have shown biological and clinical importance for breast cancer diagnosis and prognosis. Integrated analysis of gene methylation and gene expression may identify genes associated with biology mechanism and clinical outcome of breast cancer and aid in clinical management. METHODS: Using high-throughput microfluidic quantitative PCR, we analyzed the expression profiles of 48 candidate genes in 96 Chinese breast cancer patients and investigated their correlation with gene methylation and associations with breast cancer clinical parameters...
November 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Charles E Roselli, Rebecka Amodei, Kyle Gribbin, Keely Corder, Fred Stormshak, Charles T Estill
Prenatal exposure to excess androgen may result in impaired adult fertility in a variety of mammalian species. However, little is known about what feedback mechanisms regulate gonadotropin secretion during early gestation and how they respond to excess testosterone exposure. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of exogenous exposure to testosterone on key genes that regulate gonadotropin and GnRH secretion in fetal male lambs as compared with female cohorts. We found that biweekly maternal testosterone propionate (100 mg) treatment administered from day 30 to 58 of gestation acutely decreased (P<0...
September 27, 2016: Endocrinology
Olga Amelkina, Lina Zschockelt, Johanna Painer, Rodrigo Serra, Francisco Villaespesa, Eberhard Krause, Katarina Jewgenow, Beate C Braun
In contrast to the species studied, the corpus luteum (CL) of Iberian and Eurasian lynx physiologically persists in the ovary for more than 2 years and continues to secrete progesterone. Such persistent CL (perCL) transition into the next cycle and are present in the ovary together with the freshly formed CL (frCL) of a new ovulation. To date, the mechanisms supporting such CL persistence are not known. We analyzed the potential receptivity of feline CL to sex steroids through mRNA measurements of progesterone receptor (PGR), progesterone receptor membrane components (PGRMC) 1 and 2, estrogen receptor (ESR) 1 and ESR2, G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER1), and androgen receptor (AR)...
July 5, 2016: Theriogenology
Karin Fehsel, Tamara Schikowski, Michaela Jänner, Anke Hüls, Mohammed Voussoughi, Thomas Schulte, Andrea Vierkötter, Tom Teichert, Christian Herder, Dorothea Sugiri, Ursula Krämer, Christian Luckhaus
Genetic and environmental risk factors contribute to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's dementia. Besides known genetic risk factors like the apolipoprotein (APO) Eε4 allele, single nuclear polymorphisms (SNPs) of the estrogen receptors (ESRs) are candidate genetic risk factors, while air pollution represents an environmental risk factor for dementia. Effects of these risk factors and their interaction were investigated in the SALIA cohort of 834 non-demented elderly women. Cognitive function was assessed by the CERAD-plus test battery...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Neural Transmission
Kaylon L Bruner-Tran, Antoni J Duleba, Hugh S Taylor, Kevin G Osteen
The common environmental toxicant, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD or, commonly, dioxin) is a known endocrine disruptor that has been linked to the development of endometriosis in experimental models. Using a murine model, we previously demonstrated that in utero TCDD exposure promotes the transgenerational development of an "endometriosis-like" uterine phenotype consisting of reduced responsiveness to progesterone, subfertility and an increased risk of preterm birth. Since adenomyosis is frequently observed as a comorbidity in women with endometriosis, herein, we sought to determine the incidence of adenomyosis in non-pregnant mice with a history of direct or indirect TCDD exposure...
August 17, 2016: Biology of Reproduction
A Gajewska, M Zielinska-Gorska, E Wasilewska-Dziubinska, M Baran, G Kotarba, K Gorski
The well-recognized sensitivity of the galanin gene in the anterior pituitary gland to estrogen suggests that estrogen receptor activity may influence the galaninergic system through modulation of galanin receptor (GALR) gene expression. Here, we evaluated the following: (i) the effects of estrogen on GALR mRNA expression; (ii) the estrogen receptor subtype that is specifically involved in this activity; and (iii) the effects of progesterone in the absence or presence of estrogen on galanin concentration in anterior pituitary gland...
June 2016: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
Wanjun Lin, Jiajun Huang, Xiaolin Liao, Zhongwen Yuan, Senling Feng, Ying Xie, Wenzhe Ma
Breast cancer, the most frequent cancer in women, is the second leading cause of cancer-related death. Estrogens and estrogen receptors are well recognized to play predominant roles in breast cancer development and growth. Neo-tanshinlactone is a natural product isolated from Salvia miltiorrhiza and showed selective growth inhibition of ER+ breast cancer cell lines as demonstrated by cell proliferation assay and colony formation assay. The selective anti-proliferative effect of neo-tanshinlactone was associated with the induction of apoptosis in ER+ breast cancer cells...
September 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Yoshinao Katsu, Paul A Cziko, Charlie Chandsawangbhuwana, Joseph W Thornton, Rui Sato, Koari Oka, Yoshio Takei, Michael E Baker, Taisen Iguchi
Estrogens regulate many physiological responses in vertebrates by binding to the estrogen receptor (ER), a ligand-activated transcription factor. To understand the evolution of vertebrate ERs and to investigate how estrogen acts in a jawless vertebrate, we used degenerate primer sets and PCR to isolate DNA fragments encoding two distinct ER subtypes, Esr1a and Esr1b from the Japanese lamprey, Lethenteron japonicum. Phylogenetic analysis indicates that these two ERs are the result of lineage-specific gene duplication within the jawless fishes, different from the previous duplication event of Esr1 (ERα) and Esr2 (ERβ) within the jawed vertebrates...
September 15, 2016: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Maria Maddalena Di Fiore, Alessandra Santillo, Sara Falvo, Salvatore Longobardi, Gabriella Chieffi Baccari
A bulk of evidence suggests that d-aspartate (d-Asp) regulates steroidogenesis and spermatogenesis in vertebrate testes. This review article focuses on intracellular signaling mechanisms elicited by d-Asp possibly via binding to the N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) in both Leydig cells, and spermatogonia. In Leydig cells, the amino acid upregulates androgen production by eliciting the adenylate cyclase-cAMP and/or mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways. d-Asp treatment enhances gene and protein expression of enzymes involved in the steroidogenic cascade...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
María Castelló-Ruiz, Juan B Salom, Ricardo Fernández-Musoles, María C Burguete, Mikahela A López-Morales, Alessandro Arduini, Teresa Jover, David Hervás, Germán Torregrosa, Enrique Alborch
We have previously shown that the selective estrogen receptor modulator, bazedoxifene, improves the consequences of ischemic stroke. Now we aimed to characterize the effects and mechanisms of action of bazedoxifene in cerebral arteries. Male rabbit isolated basilar arteries were used for isometric tension recording and quantitative PCR. Bazedoxifene relaxed cerebral arteries as 17-β-estradiol, PPT [estrogen receptor (ER) α agonist], and G1 [G protein-coupled ER (GPER) agonist] did it (PPT > BZA = G1 > 17-β-estradiol)...
July 5, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Kai Zheng, Yan Li, Shaoxiang Wang, Xiao Wang, Chenghui Liao, Xiaopeng Hu, Long Fan, Qiangrong Kang, Yong Zeng, Xuli Wu, Haiqiang Wu, Jian Zhang, Yifei Wang, Zhendan He
Modulation of autophagy has been increasingly regarded as a promising cancer therapeutic approach. In this study, we screened several ginsenosides extracted from Panax ginseng and identified ginsenoside Ro (Ro) as a novel autophagy inhibitor. Ro blocked the autophagosome-lysosome fusion process by raising lysosomal pH and attenuating lysosomal cathepsin activity, resulting in the accumulation of the autophagosome marker MAP1LC3B/LC3B and SQSTM1/p62 (sequestosome 1) in various esophageal cancer cell lines. More detailed studies demonstrated that Ro activated ESR2 (estrogen receptor 2), which led to the activation of NCF1/p47(PHOX) (neutrophil cytosolic factor 1), a subunit of NADPH oxidase, and subsequent reactive oxygen species (ROS) production...
September 2016: Autophagy
Haiming Yuan, Yingjun Xie, Qian Li, Xizi Hu, Xinwei Li, Xiaofang Sun, Weiwei Zhao
Paternal uniparental disomy 14 (patUPD14) is a distinct, clinically recognizable syndrome. Using a clinical SNP microarray, we identified patUPD14 in a boy with a normal karyotype presenting cardiomyopathy and facial anomalies, a specific configuration of the thoracic ribs ('coat hanger sign'), and hypospadias. Analyses of polymorphic microsatellites confirmed the diagnosis of patUPD14. We discuss the functions of the genes included in the rearrangement and their involvement in the pathogenesis of these disorders, especially hypospadias...
2016: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Donata Ponikwicka-Tyszko, Marcin Chrusciel, Joanna Stelmaszewska, Piotr Bernaczyk, Maria Sztachelska, Iwona Sidorkiewicz, Milena Doroszko, Jakub Tomaszewski, Juha S Tapanainen, Ilpo Huhtaniemi, Slawomir Wolczynski, Nafis A Rahman
CONTEXT: FSH receptor (FSHR), besides being expressed in gonads, is also expressed in some extragonadal tissues at low levels. OBJECTIVE: We examined the functional expression of FSHR in different types of endometriotic lesions. DESIGN: Extensive studies were carried out to detect functional FSHR expression and FSH-stimulated estrogen production in ovarian endometriomas and recto-vaginal endometriotic nodules (RVEN). Normal endometrium, ovary, and myometrium tissues from nonpregnant cycling women served as controls...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Camille Gautier, Isabelle Barrier-Battut, Isabelle Guénon, Didier Goux, Christelle Delalande, Hélène Bouraïma-Lelong
Estrogen receptors ESR1, ESR2 and GPER are present on mature ejaculated horse spermatozoa, suggesting these cells as putative targets for estrogens. Indeed, spermatozoa are exposed to high level of estrogens during the transit in the male and female genital tracts but their roles are not investigated. So, we evaluated in vitro the role of 17β-estradiol during post-testicular maturations: regulation of motility, capacitation and acrosome reaction. Moreover according to the pseudo-seasonal breeder status of the stallion, we analyzed the putative seasonal variations in the presence of ESRs in spermatozoa...
July 1, 2016: General and Comparative Endocrinology
José Eduardo Vargas, Bárbara Nery Porto, Renato Puga, Renato Tetelbom Stein, Paulo Márcio Pitrez
Corticosteroid resistance (CR) is a major barrier to the effective treatment of severe asthma. Hence, a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in this condition is a priority. Network analysis is an emerging strategy to explore this complex heterogeneous disorder at system level to identify a small own network for CR in asthma. Gene expression profile of GSE7368 from bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) of CR in subjects with asthma was downloaded from the gene expression omnibus (GEO) database and compared to BAL of corticosteroid-sensitive (CS) patients...
July 2016: Molecular Biology Reports
Signe Altmäe, Karin Tamm-Rosenstein, Francisco J Esteban, Jaak Simm, Liis Kolberg, Hedi Peterson, Madis Metsis, Kai Haldre, José A Horcajadas, Andres Salumets, Anneli Stavreus-Evers
Little consensus has been reached on the best protocol for endometrial preparation for frozen embryo transfer (FET). It is not known how, and to what extent, hormone supplementation in artificial cycles influences endometrial preparation for embryo implantation at a molecular level, especially in patients who have experienced recurrent implantation failure. Transcriptome analysis of 15 endometrial biopsy samples at the time of embryo implantation was used to compare two different endometrial preparation protocols, natural versus artificial cycles, for FET in women who have experienced recurrent implantation failure compared with fertile women...
June 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
A Al Naib, H L M Tucker, G Xie, D H Keisler, F F Bartol, R P Rhoads, R M Akers, M L Rhoads
Prepubertal exposure of the developing ovaries and reproductive tract (RT) to estrogen or xenoestrogens can have acute and long-term consequences that compromise the reproductive performance of cattle. This research examined effects of the selective estrogen receptor modulator tamoxifen (TAM) on gene and protein abundance in prepubertal ovaries and RT, with a particular focus on signaling pathways that affect morphology. Tamoxifen was administered to Holstein heifer calves (n=8) daily (0.3mg/kg subcutaneously) from 28 to 120 d of age, when tissues were collected...
July 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
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