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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782585/exploring-transformations-in-caribbean-indigenous-social-networks-through-visibility-studies-the-case-of-late-pre-colonial-landscapes-in-east-guadeloupe-french-west-indies
#1
Tom Brughmans, Maaike S de Waal, Corinne L Hofman, Ulrik Brandes
This paper presents a study of the visual properties of natural and Amerindian cultural landscapes in late pre-colonial East-Guadeloupe and of how these visual properties affected social interactions. Through a review of descriptive and formal visibility studies in Caribbean archaeology, it reveals that the ability of visual properties to affect past human behaviour is frequently evoked but the more complex of these hypotheses are rarely studied formally. To explore such complex hypotheses, the current study applies a range of techniques: total viewsheds, cumulative viewsheds, visual neighbourhood configurations and visibility networks...
2018: Journal of archaeological method and theory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781869/utilizing-facebook-and-automated-telephone-calls-to-increase-adoption-of-a-local-smoke-alarm-installation-program
#2
Shannon Frattaroli, Eric Schulman, Eileen M McDonald, Elise C Omaki, Wendy C Shields, Vanya Jones, William Brewer
CONTEXT: Innovative strategies are needed to improve the prevalence of working smoke alarms in homes. To our knowledge, this is the first study to report on the effectiveness of Facebook advertising and automated telephone calls as population-level strategies to encourage an injury prevention behavior. OBJECTIVE: We examine the effectiveness of Facebook advertising and automated telephone calls as strategies to enroll individuals in Baltimore City's Fire Department's free smoke alarm installation program...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780339/your-co-author-received-150-citations-pride-but-not-envy-mediates-the-effect-of-system-generated-achievement-messages-on-motivation
#3
Sonja Utz, Nicole L Muscanell
ResearchGate, a social network site for academics, prominently displays the achievements of people one follows ("With 150 new reads, X was the most read author from their institute"). The goal of this paper was to examine the emotional and motivational effects of these system-generated messages, thereby extending prior research on envy-evoking status updates on Facebook to a professional context. We also extend the research on social comparisons and more broadly, on emotional responses elicited by social media...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766328/implementing-a-standardized-social-networks-testing-strategy-in-a-low-hiv-prevalence-jurisdiction
#4
Casey Schumann, Danielle Kahn, Michelle Broaddus, Jacob Dougherty, Megan Elderbrook, James Vergeront, Ryan Westergaard
Alternative HIV testing strategies are needed to engage individuals not reached by traditional clinical or non-clinical testing programs. A social networks recruitment strategy, in which people at risk for or living with HIV are enlisted and trained by community-based agencies to recruit individuals from their social, sexual, or drug-using networks for HIV testing, demonstrates higher positivity rates compared to other non-clinical recruitment strategies in some jurisdictions. During 2013-2015, a social networks testing protocol was implemented in Wisconsin to standardize an existing social networks testing program...
May 15, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764767/a-systematic-review-of-mobile-produce-markets-facilitators-and-barriers-to-use-and-associations-with-reported-fruit-and-vegetable-intake
#5
Bi-Sek Hsiao, Lindiwe Sibeko, Lisa M Troy
BACKGROUND: Diet-related chronic diseases are a major public health burden. There is growing awareness that disparities in healthful food access contribute to disparities in health. Mobile produce markets (MPMs) have emerged as a strategy to improve fruit and vegetable access and consumption, particularly among low-income, minority, and other vulnerable populations (eg, older adults and children) in food desert neighborhoods. OBJECTIVE: This review examined research on MPMs in the United States and specifically aimed to assess the relationship between MPM use and fruit and/or vegetable intake, and facilitators and barriers related to MPM use within a social ecological framework...
May 12, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755384/weibo-or-wechat-assessing-preference-for-social-networking-sites-and-role-of-personality-traits-and-psychological-factors
#6
Juan Hou, Yamikani Ndasauka, Xuefei Pan, Shuangyi Chen, Fei Xu, Xiaochu Zhang
Research trying to understand individual difference in the use of different social networking sites (SNSs) is minimal. In the present study, we collected data from 714 college students in China (273 males) to assess how personality traits and psychological factors relate to excessive use of WeChat and Weibo. We found that excessive use of Weibo and WeChat correlated positively with neuroticism, loneliness, and external locus of control and negatively with agreeableness, social support, and social interaction...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750955/the-comparing-options-for-management-patient-centered-results-for-uterine-fibroids-compare-uf-registry-rationale-and-design
#7
Elizabeth A Stewart, Barbara L Lytle, Laine Thomas, Ganesa R Wegienka, Vanessa Jacoby, Michael P Diamond, Wanda K Nicholson, Raymond M Anchan, Sateria Venable, Kedra Wallace, Erica E Marsh, George L Maxwell, Bijan J Borah, William H Catherino, Evan R Myers
OBJECTIVE: To design and establish a uterine fibroid (UF) registry based in the United States (US) to provide comparative effectiveness data regarding UF treatment. STUDY DESIGN: We report here the design and initial recruitment for the Comparing Options for Management: Patient-centered Results for Uterine Fibroids (COMPARE-UF) registry (Clinicaltrials.gov, NCT02260752), funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) in collaboration with the-Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI)...
May 8, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741711/engagement-with-online-tobacco-marketing-among-adolescents-in-the-us-2013-2014-to-2014-2015
#8
Samir Soneji, JaeWon Yang, Meghan Bridgid Moran, Andy S L Tan, James Sargent, Kristin E Knutzen, Kelvin Choi
Objective: To assess changes in engagement with online tobacco and electronic cigarette marketing ('online tobacco marketing') among adolescents in the US between 2013 and 2015. Methods: We assessed the prevalence of 6 forms of engagement with online tobacco marketing, both overall and by brand, among adolescents sampled in Wave 1 (2013-2014; N=13,651) and Wave 2 (2014-2015; N=12,172) of the nationally representative Population Assessment for Tobacco and Health Study...
May 5, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740362/you-are-what-you-read-the-belief-systems-of-cyber-bystanders-on-social-networking-sites
#9
Angel N M Leung, Natalie Wong, JoAnn M Farver
The present study tested how exposure to two types of responses to a hypothetical simulated Facebook setting influenced cyber-bystanders' perceived control and normative beliefs using a 4 cyberbully-victim group (pure cyberbullies, non-involved, pure cyberbullied victims, and cyberbullied-victims) × 2 condition (offend vs. defend) experimental design. 203 Hong Kong Chinese secondary school and university students (132 females, 71 males; 12 to 28; M = 16.70; SD = 3.03 years old) were randomly assigned into one of two conditions...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734048/the-role-of-alcohol-in-constructing-gender-class-identities-among-young-women-in-the-age-of-social-media
#10
Jemma Lennox, Carol Emslie, Helen Sweeting, Antonia Lyons
Research suggests young women view drinking as a pleasurable aspect of their social lives but that they face challenges in engaging in a traditionally 'masculine' behaviour whilst maintaining a desirable 'femininity'. Social network sites such as Facebook make socialising visible to a wide audience. This paper explores how young people discuss young women's drinking practices, and how young women construct their identities through alcohol consumption and its display on social media. We conducted 21 friendship-based focus groups (both mixed and single sex) with young adults aged 18-29 years and 13 individual interviews with a subset of focus group respondents centred on their Facebook practices...
May 4, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733683/biobanking-in-a-challenging-african-environment-unique-experience-from-the-siren-project
#11
Rufus O Akinyemi, Kazeem Akinwande, Samuel Diala, Osi Adeleye, Abiodun Ajose, Kehinde Issa, Dorcas Owusu, Isaac Boamah, Isah Suleiman Yahaya, Abdulraheem Olayemi Jimoh, Lucius Imoh, Gregory Fakunle, Albert Akpalu, Fred Sarfo, Kolawole Wahab, Emmanuel Sanya, Lukman Owolabi, Reginald Obiako, Godwin Osaigbovo, Morenikeji Komolafe, Michael Fawale, Philip Adebayo, Paul Olowoyo, Yahaya Obiabo, Taofiki Sunmonu, Ijezie Chukwuonye, Olayemi Balogun, Basirat Adeoye, Florence Oladele, Peter Olowoniyi, Frederick Adeyemi, Arthur Lezzi, Ajibola Tunde Falayi, Michael Fasanya, Kolawole Ogunwale, Olabisi Adeola, Omolara Olomu, Olumayowa Aridegbe, Ruth Laryea, Ezinne Uvere, Moyinoluwalogo Faniyan, Ezinne Melikam, Raelle Tagge, Onoja Akpa, Joshua Akinyemi, Oyedunni Arulogun, Hemant K Tiwari, Bruce Ovbiagele, Mayowa Owolabi
Africa was previously insufficiently represented in the emerging discipline of biobanking despite commendable early efforts. However, with the Human, Heredity, and Health in Africa (H3Africa) initiative, biorepository science has been bolstered, regional biobanks are springing up, and awareness about biobanks is growing on the continent. The Stroke Investigative Research and Educational Network (SIREN) project is a transnational, multicenter, hospital and community-based study involving over 3000 cases and 3000 controls recruited from 16 sites in Ghana and Nigeria...
May 7, 2018: Biopreservation and Biobanking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730846/the-effects-of-rtms-on-impulsivity-in-normal-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Cheng-Chang Yang, Birgit Völlm, Najat Khalifa
Impulsivity is a multi-dimensional construct that is regarded as a symptom of many psychiatric disorders. Harm resulting from impulsive behaviour can be substantial for the individuals concerned, for their social network, and for wider society. Therefore, the importance of developing therapeutic interventions to target impulsivity is paramount. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature from AMED, Embase, Medline, and PsycINFO databases on the use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in healthy adults to modulate different subdomains (motor, temporal and reflection) of impulsivity...
May 5, 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719045/wearing-the-marks-of-violence-unusual-trauma-patterning-at-coyo-oriental-northern-chile
#13
Christina Torres-Rouff, Mark Hubbe, William J Pestle
OBJECTIVES: In this article, we present analyses of traumatic injury data from the Middle Period Coyo Oriental cemetery in northern Chile. We test a series of hypotheses about the role of sex, foreign contact, ritual access, and temporal shifts, in the patterning of cranial trauma in this cemetery. METHODS: Two hundred and twenty-seven crania from Coyo Oriental were analyzed using standard bioarcheological methods to determine sex and age as well as the presence of cranial fractures...
May 2, 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717921/perceptions-of-pediatric-residents-regarding-counseling-about-use-of-social-networking-sites
#14
Sumeet L Banker, Ada M Fenick, Li Qin, Jaideep S Talwalkar
Increasing use of social networking sites (SNS) among youth prompted professional organizations to urge pediatricians to promote healthy media use. Electronic questionnaires were distributed to 76 pediatric residents at one academic center measuring attitudes, practices, and familiarity with SNS. Of 43 respondents (response rate = 57%), most reported personal SNS use (98%) and familiarity with SNS used by youth (72%), and 88% agreed that pediatricians should provide counseling on SNS use. Only 5% felt they had adequate training on SNS use in children, and just 26% felt comfortable advising families...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716586/access-to-health-care-for-uninsured-latina-immigrants-in-south-carolina
#15
John S Luque, Grace Soulen, Caroline B Davila, Kathleen Cartmell
BACKGROUND: South Carolina is considered a "new destination" state for Latino immigrants. Language barriers, transportation difficulties, low socioeconomic status, inflexible work schedules, different cultural norms, and anxiety and fear related to the current anti-immigrant political climate all negatively impact Latino immigrants' frequency of contact with the health care system, and consequently they suffer poor health outcomes. The study objective was to explore uninsured Latina immigrant women's access to health care and alternative treatment strategies in coastal South Carolina...
May 2, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706912/the-diaper-change-play-validation-of-a-new-observational-assessment-tool-for-early-triadic-family-interactions-in-the-first-month-postpartum
#16
Jérôme Rime, Hervé Tissot, Nicolas Favez, Michael Watson, Werner Stadlmayr
The quality of family relations, observed during mother-father-infant triadic interactions, has been shown to be an important contributor to child social and affective development, beyond the quality of dyadic mother-child, father-child, and marital relationships. Triadic interactions have been well described in families with 3 month olds and older children using the Lausanne Trilogue Play (LTP). Little is known about the development of mother-father-baby interactions in the very 1st weeks postpartum, mostly because no specific observational setting or particular instrument had been designed to cover this age yet...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696553/associations-between-neighborhood-characteristics-social-cohesion-and-perceived-sex-partner-risk-and-non-monogamy-among-hiv-seropositive-and-hiv-seronegative-women-in-the-southern-u-s
#17
Danielle F Haley, Gina M Wingood, Michael R Kramer, Regine Haardörfer, Adaora A Adimora, Anna Rubtsova, Andrew Edmonds, Neela D Goswami, Christina Ludema, DeMarc A Hickson, Catalina Ramirez, Zev Ross, Hector Bolivar, Hannah L F Cooper
Neighborhood social and physical factors shape sexual network characteristics in HIV-seronegative adults in the U.S. This multilevel analysis evaluated whether these relationships also exist in a predominantly HIV-seropositive cohort of women. This cross-sectional multilevel analysis included data from 734 women enrolled in the Women's Interagency HIV Study's sites in the U.S. South. Census tract-level contextual data captured socioeconomic disadvantage (e.g., tract poverty), number of alcohol outlets, and number of non-profits in the census tracts where women lived; participant-level data, including perceived neighborhood cohesion, were gathered via survey...
April 25, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694319/victimisation-through-bullying-and-cyberbullying-emotional-intelligence-severity-of-victimisation-and-technology-use-in-different-types-of-victims
#18
María Beltrán-Catalán, Izabela Zych, Rosario Ortega-Ruiz, Vicente J Llorent
BACKGROUND: Bullying and cyberbullying are global public health problems. However, very few studies described prevalence, similarities and differences among face-to-face victims, cybervictims and students who are victimised through both bullying and cyberbullying. This study was conducted to describe these different patterns of victimisation and severity of victimisation, emotional intelligence and technology use in different types of victims. METHOD: A total number of 2,139 secondary school students from 22 schools, randomly selected from all provinces of Andalusia, Spain, participated in this study...
May 2018: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683721/count-your-calories-and-share-them-health-benefits-of-sharing-mhealth-information-on-social-networking-sites
#19
Anne Oeldorf-Hirsch, Andrew C High, John L Christensen
This study investigates the relationship between sharing tracked mobile health (mHealth) information online, supportive communication, feedback, and health behavior. Based on the Integrated Theory of mHealth, our model asserts that sharing tracked health information on social networking sites benefits users' perceptions of their health because of the supportive communication they gain from members of their online social networks and that the amount of feedback people receive moderates these associations. Users of mHealth apps (N = 511) completed an online survey, and results revealed that both sharing tracked health information and receiving feedback from an online social network were positively associated with supportive communication...
April 23, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674175/social-networking-sites-sns-as-a-tool-for-midwives-to-enhance-social-capital-for-adolescent-mothers
#20
Samantha Nolan, Joyce Hendricks, Moira Williamson, Sally Ferguson
OBJECTIVE: to explore ways in which midwives can enhance the support provided by social networking sites for adolescent mothers. DESIGN: a narrative approach was employed to guide the research design and processes. Approval was obtained from Edith Cowan University human ethics department. SETTING: focus groups and interviews were undertaken with adolescent mothers and midwives in Western Australia. FINDINGS: the four key themes identified across both groups were validation by midwives, importance of ownership, enhanced community connections and the importance of guideline development...
April 3, 2018: Midwifery
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