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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806123/identity-confusion-and-materialism-mediate-the-relationship-between-excessive-social-network-site-usage-and-online-compulsive-buying
#1
Saeed Pahlevan Sharif, Jasmine Khanekharab
This study investigates the mediating role of identity confusion and materialism in the relationship between social networking site (SNS) excessive usage and online compulsive buying among young adults. A total of 501 SNS users aged 17 to 23 years (M = 19.68, SD = 1.65) completed an online survey questionnaire. A serial multiple mediator model was developed and hypotheses were tested using structural equation modeling. The results showed that excessive young adult SNS users had a higher tendency toward compulsive buying online...
August 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798961/leaking-privacy-and-shadow-profiles-in-online-social-networks
#2
David Garcia
Social interaction and data integration in the digital society can affect the control that individuals have on their privacy. Social networking sites can access data from other services, including user contact lists where nonusers are listed too. Although most research on online privacy has focused on inference of personal information of users, this data integration poses the question of whether it is possible to predict personal information of nonusers. This article tests the shadow profile hypothesis, which postulates that the data given by the users of an online service predict personal information of nonusers...
August 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793818/internet-forums-for-suicide-bereavement
#3
Eleanor Bailey, Karolina Krysinska, Bridianne O'Dea, Jo Robinson
BACKGROUND: Bereavement by suicide is associated with a number of consequences including poor mental health outcomes and increased suicide risk. Despite this, the bereaved by suicide may be reluctant to seek help from friends, family, and professionals. Internet forums and social networking sites are a popular avenue of support for the bereaved, but to date there is a lack of research into their use and efficacy. AIMS: To survey users of suicide bereavement Internet forums and Facebook groups regarding their help-seeking behaviors, use of forums, and perceived benefits and limitations of such use...
August 10, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792645/social-and-spatial-effects-on-genetic-variation-between-foraging-flocks-in-a-wild-bird-population
#4
Reinder Radersma, Colin J Garroway, Anna W Santure, Isabelle De Cauwer, Damien R Farine, Jon Slate, Ben C Sheldon
Social interactions are rarely random. In some instances animals exhibit homophily or heterophily, the tendency to interact with similar or dissimilar conspecifics respectively. Genetic homophily and heterophily influence the evolutionary dynamics of populations, because they potentially affect sexual and social selection. Here we investigate the link between social interactions and allele frequencies in foraging flocks of great tits (Parus major) over three consecutive years. We constructed co-occurrence networks which explicitly described the splitting and merging of 85,602 flocks through time (fission-fusion dynamics), at 60 feeding sites...
August 9, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783240/social-media-use-in-german-visceral-surgeons-a-cross-sectional-study-of-a-national-cohort
#5
C M Boßelmann, B Griffiths, H J Gallagher, K E Matzel, R R W Brady
BACKGROUND: Engagement in social media is increasing. Medical professionals have been adapting LinkedIn, a professional networking site, and Twitter, a micro-blogging service, for a number of uses. This development has been described for a number of medical specialties, but there remains a paucity of European data. A study was undertaken to measure engagement and activity of German visceral surgeons on social media platforms. METHOD: Visceral surgeons were identified from 15 regional Associations of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians (Kassenärztliche Vereinigungen) opt-in registers...
August 7, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779909/resting-state-functional-under-connectivity-within-and-between-large-scale-cortical-networks-across-three-low-frequency-bands-in-adolescents-with-autism
#6
Xujun Duan, Heng Chen, Changchun He, Zhiliang Long, Xiaonan Guo, Yuanyue Zhou, Lucina Q Uddin, Huafu Chen
Although evidence is accumulating that autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is associated with disruption of functional connections between and within brain networks, it remains largely unknown whether these abnormalities are related to specific frequency bands. To address this question, network contingency analysis was performed on brain functional connectomes obtained from 213 adolescent participants across nine sites in the Autism Brain Imaging Data Exchange (ABIDE) multisite sample, to determine the disrupted connections between and within seven major cortical networks in adolescents with ASD at Slow-5, Slow-4 and Slow-3 frequency bands and further assess whether the aberrant intra- and inter-network connectivity varied as a function of ASD symptoms...
August 3, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751766/foragers-of-sympatric-asian-honey-bee-species-intercept-competitor-signals-by-avoiding-benzyl-acetate-from-apis-cerana-alarm-pheromone
#7
Ping Wen, Yanan Cheng, Yufeng Qu, Hongxia Zhang, Jianjun Li, Heather Bell, Ken Tan, James Nieh
While foraging, animals can form inter- and intraspecific social signalling networks to avoid similar predators. We report here that foragers of different native Asian honey bee species can detect and use a specialized alarm pheromone component, benzyl acetate (BA), to avoid danger. We analysed the volatile alarm pheromone produced by attacked workers of the most abundant native Asian honey bee, Apis cerana and tested the responses of other bee species to these alarm signals. As compared to nest guards, A. cerana foragers produced 3...
July 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738902/a-comparative-effectiveness-study-of-two-culturally-competent-models-of-diabetes-self-management-programming-for-latinos-from-low-income-households
#8
Janet Page-Reeves, Lidia Regino, Cristina Murray-Krezan, Molly Bleecker, Erik Erhardt, Mark Burge, Elaine Bearer, Shiraz Mishra
BACKGROUND: Diabetes risk is extremely high for Latinos from low-income households. Health guidelines recommend that individuals learn strategies to self-manage their diabetes, but getting people to adopt required lifestyle changes is challenging and many people are not able to prevent their pre-diabetes from escalating or effectively control their diabetes. Systematic reviews show that culturally competent self-management programs can significantly improve diabetes outcomes and different models for culturally competent programming have been developed...
July 24, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737424/facilitator-and-participant-use-of-facebook-in-a-community-based-intervention-for-parents-the-infant-extend-program
#9
Katherine L Downing, Karen J Campbell, Paige van der Pligt, Kylie D Hesketh
BACKGROUND: Social networking sites such as Facebook afford new opportunities for behavior-change interventions. Although often used as a recruitment tool, few studies have reported the use of Facebook as an intervention component to facilitate communication between researchers and participants. The aim of this study was to examine facilitator and participant use of a Facebook component of a community-based intervention for parents. METHODS: First-time parent groups participating in the intervention arm of the extended Infant Feeding, Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT Extend) Program were invited to join their own private Facebook group...
July 24, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734196/on-status-epilepticus-and-pins-a-systematic-content-analysis
#10
Naim Mahroum, Abdulla Watad, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Howard Amital, Kassem Sharif, Samaa Watad, Giulia Adavastro, Giovanna Canepa, Francesco Brigo, Mohammad Adawi
Status epilepticus (SE) can be defined as abnormally prolonged, persistent, or recurrent clinical and/or electrographic epileptic activity and, as such, is a challenging medical emergency requiring an aggressive treatment aimed at promptly terminating the seizures. It imposes a relevant clinical burden, both in terms of comorbidity and mortality. In the era of the Web 2.0, most people search the Web to obtain SE-related information. The current investigation aimed at qualitatively characterizing the pins related to SE: Pinterest, "the world's catalog of ideas", is a visual social networking site that enables users to freely upload visual material, to bookmark, and to share it (repin)...
July 19, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728643/sharing-of-alcohol-related-content-on-social-networking-sites-frequency-content-and-correlates
#11
Eilin K Erevik, Torbjørn Torsheim, Øystein Vedaa, Cecilie S Andreassen, Ståle Pallesen
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to explore students' reports of their sharing of alcohol-related content on different social networking sites (i.e., frequency of sharing and connotations of alcohol-related posts), and to identify indicators of such posting. METHOD: Students at the four largest institutions for higher education in Bergen, Norway, were invited to participate in an Internet-based survey. The sample size was 11,236 (a 39.4% response rate). The survey included questions about disclosure of alcohol-related content on social networking sites, alcohol use (using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test), personality factors (using the Mini-IPIP), and demographic characteristics...
May 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724399/health-needs-access-to-healthcare-and-perceptions-of-ageing-in-an-urbanizing-community-in-india-a-qualitative-study
#12
Nandita Bhan, Pavitra Madhira, Arundati Muralidharan, Bharati Kulkarni, Gvs Murthy, Sanjay Basu, Sanjay Kinra
BACKGROUND: India's elderly population is rising at an unprecedented rate, with a majority living in rural areas. Health challenges associated with ageing, changing social networks and limited public health infrastructure are issues faced by the elderly and caregivers. We examined perceptions of health needs of the elderly across local stakeholders in an urbanizing rural area. METHODS: The qualitative study was conducted among participants in the Andhra Pradesh Children and Parents Study (APCAPS) site in Rangareddy district, Telangana...
July 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714835/interventions-to-support-and-develop-clinician-researcher-leadership-in-one-health-district
#13
Margaret Fry, Anthony Dombkins
Purpose Clinical leadership, researcher capacity and a culture of clinical inquiry are needed in the clinical workforce. The purpose of this paper is to report on a program which was used to develop and support clinicians to explore practice, implement innovation, translate evidence and build researcher capacity. Design/methodology/approach This pragmatic paper presents a case study of a nursing and midwifery clinician-researcher development program. The multi-site, multi-modal program focused on education, mentoring and support, communication networks, and clinician-university partnerships strategies to build workforce capacity and leadership...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713309/associations-among-different-internet-access-time-gender-and-cyberbullying-behaviors-in-taiwan-s-adolescents
#14
Cheng-Min Chao, Tai-Kuei Yu
With the increasing convenience of social networking sites and their interconnectedness with human interaction, verbal and image bullying have turned digital, making cyberbullying a new form of bullying attracting the attention of researchers, social workers, and schools. This study focuses on the status quo of attitude toward cyberbullying and cyberbullying behavior, explores associations of attitude toward behavior on cyberbullying behavior in gender and different internet access times. In a cross-sectional survey, adolescents were surveyed through self-report questionnaires, 13,864 respondents were received among 150 high schools in Taiwan...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709290/stochastic-dynamics-for-reinfection-by-transmitted-diseases
#15
Alessandro S Barros, Suani T R Pinho
The use of stochastic models to study the dynamics of infectious diseases is an important tool to understand the epidemiological process. For several directly transmitted diseases, reinfection is a relevant process, which can be expressed by endogenous reactivation of the pathogen or by exogenous reinfection due to direct contact with an infected individual (with smaller reinfection rate σβ than infection rate β). In this paper, we examine the stochastic susceptible, infected, recovered, infected (SIRI) model simulating the endogenous reactivation by a spontaneous reaction, while exogenous reinfection by a catalytic reaction...
June 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691513/use-of-social-networking-sites-and-associations-with-skin-tone-dissatisfaction-sun-exposure-and-sun-protection-in-a-sample-of-australian-adolescents
#16
John Mingoia, Amanda D Hutchinson, David H Gleaves, Nadia Corsini, Carlene Wilson
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has indicated that greater exposure to traditional media (i.e. television, film, and print) predicted skin cancer risk factors in adolescents; however, the relationship between social media usage and these outcomes remains unexplored. We examined whether social networking site (SNS) usage, and the particular manner of this use, was associated with skin tone dissatisfaction, sun exposure and sun protection among Australian adolescents. We also explored sex differences in SNS usage related to tanning...
July 10, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675130/analysis-of-stakeholders-networks-of-infant-and-young-child-nutrition-programmes-in-sri-lanka-india-nepal-bangladesh-and-pakistan
#17
Shahadat Uddin, Hana Mahmood, Upul Senarath, Quazi Zahiruddin, Sumit Karn, Sabrina Rasheed, Michael Dibley
BACKGROUND: Effective public policies are needed to support appropriate infant and young child feeding (IYCF) to ensure adequate child growth and development, especially in low and middle income countries. The aim of this study was to: (i) capture stakeholder networks in relation to funding and technical support for IYCF policy across five countries in South Asia (i.e. Sri Lanka, India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan); and (ii) understand how stakeholder networks differed between countries, and identify common actors and their patterns in network engagement across the region...
June 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667209/factors-associated-with-online-victimisation-among-malaysian-adolescents-who-use-social-networking-sites-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Mary J Marret, Wan Yuen Choo
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of online interpersonal victimisation and its association with patterns of social networking site (SNS) use, offline victimisation, offline perpetration and parental conflict among Malaysian adolescents using SNS. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of students from randomly selected public secondary schools in the state of Negeri Sembilan was conducted using an anonymous self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire examined patterns of SNS use and included measures of online victimisation, online perpetration, offline victimisation and parental conflict...
June 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661375/barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-smoking-cessation-in-pregnancy-and-following-childbirth-literature-review-and-qualitative-study
#19
Linda Bauld, Hilary Graham, Lesley Sinclair, Kate Flemming, Felix Naughton, Allison Ford, Jennifer McKell, Dorothy McCaughan, Sarah Hopewell, Kathryn Angus, Douglas Eadie, David Tappin
BACKGROUND: Although many women stop smoking in pregnancy, others continue, causing harm to maternal and child health. Smoking behaviour is influenced by many factors, including the role of women's significant others (SOs) and support from health-care professionals (HPs). OBJECTIVES: To enhance understanding of the barriers to, and facilitators of, smoking cessation and the feasibility and acceptability of interventions to reach and support pregnant women to stop smoking...
June 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661374/bullying-victimization-social-network-usage-and-delinquent-coping-in-a-sample-of-urban-youth-examining-the-predictions-of-general-strain-theory
#20
Thomas Baker, William V Pelfrey
Guided by the propositions of general strain theory, this study examines the impact of experienced and anticipated strains on the delinquent coping of adolescents while accounting for the usage of social networking sites. Specifically, this study uses self-report survey data collected from 3,195 middle and high school students in a single Midwest city in the United States to explore the effect of experiencing the strains of traditional bullying victimization and cyberbullying victimization on adolescents self-reported soft drug use, hard drug use, and weapon carrying behavior...
December 1, 2016: Violence and Victims
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