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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541219/inferring-social-influence-of-anti-tobacco-mass-media-campaign
#1
Qianyi Zhan, Jiawei Zhang, Philip Yu, Sherry Emery, Junyuan Xie
Anti-tobacco mass media campaigns are designed to influence tobacco users. It has been proved that campaigns will produce users' changes in awareness, knowledge, and attitudes, and also produce meaningful behavior change of audience. Antismoking television advertising is the most important part in the campaign. Meanwhile nowadays successful online social networks are creating new media environment, however little is known about the relation between social conversations and anti-tobacco campaigns. This paper aims to infer social influence of these campaigns, and the problem is formally referred to as the Social Influence inference of anti-Tobacco mass mEdia campaigns (SITE) problem...
May 23, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539302/diversity-in-older-adults-use-of-the-internet-identifying-subgroups-through-latent-class-analysis
#2
Leonieke C van Boekel, Sebastiaan Tm Peek, Katrien G Luijkx
BACKGROUND: As for all individuals, the Internet is important in the everyday life of older adults. Research on older adults' use of the Internet has merely focused on users versus nonusers and consequences of Internet use and nonuse. Older adults are a heterogeneous group, which may implicate that their use of the Internet is diverse as well. Older adults can use the Internet for different activities, and this usage can be of influence on benefits the Internet can have for them. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to describe the diversity or heterogeneity in the activities for which older adults use the Internet and determine whether diversity is related to social or health-related variables...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537486/social-media-mourning
#3
Jensen Moore, Sara Magee, Ellada Gamreklidze, Jennifer Kowalewski
This article uses grounded theory methodology to analyze in-depth interviews conducted with mourners who used social networking sites during bereavement. The social media mourning (SMM) model outlines how social networking sites are used to grieve using one or more of the following: (a) one-way communication, (b) two-way communication, and (c) immortality communication. The model indicates causal conditions of SMM: (a) sharing information with family or friends and (sometimes) beginning a dialog, (b) discussing death with others mourning, (c) discussing death with a broader mourning community, and (d) commemorating and continuing connection to the deceased...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535293/invited-commentary-a-landmark-study-launched-in-a-public-health-maelstrom
#4
Eric A Engels, Charles S Rabkin, James J Goedert
The acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic was first recognized in 1981, and it quickly became a public health emergency. In a 1987 paper in the American Journal of Epidemiology (Am J Epidemiol. 1987;126(2): 310-318), Richard Kaslow et al. described the launch of the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS), a cohort study of homosexual men in 4 US cities, the purpose of which was to better understand the natural history of AIDS and its determinants. The MACS enrolled participants through a range of community contacts...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533977/serotonergic-activation-during-courtship-and-aggression-in-the-brown-anole-anolis-sagrei
#5
Jacob T Hartline, Alexandra N Smith, David Kabelik
The role of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) in social behavior regulation is not fully understood. While 5-HT release in nuclei of the social behavior network has generally been associated with inhibition of aggressive behavior across multiple classes of vertebrates, less is known about its effects on sexual, especially non-copulatory courtship display behaviors. Furthermore, most research has examined effects at 5-HT release sites, while studies examining the behavioral relevance of source cell populations have generated contradictory findings...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527508/social-media-and-web-presence-for-patients-and-professionals-evolving-trends-and-implications-for-practice
#6
REVIEW
Jose E Barreto, Curtis L Whitehair
The use of social media has become very instinctive to many. It has become part of a daily routine. Enhanced communication, liberated expressions of self, becoming updated with all the trends and news, and marketing promotion are only some of the reasons why most people use social media. Health care providers including physicians should take advantage of these platforms for professional purposes. Social media extends far beyond the famous platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest, and Instagram, used mostly for social connections...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526035/microblogging-violent-attacks-on-medical-staff%C3%A2-in-china-a-case-study-of-the-longmen-county-people-s-hospital-incident
#7
Jia Tian, Li Du
BACKGROUND: A violent attack on medical staff in Guangdong Province, in which a female doctor at Longmen County People's Hospital (LCPH) was severely injured by a knife-wielding patient, has drawn significant public attention to the phenomenon of hospital violence and initiated discussions on how to resolve violence in hospitals. Social networking sites, such as Sina Weibo, a Chinese version of Twitter, have played a role in this public debate. The incident at LCPH provides an opportunity to examine how Weibo has been used in the debate about violence against medical staff in China...
May 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522735/d3-receptors-regulate-excitability-in-a-unique-class-of-prefrontal-pyramidal-cell
#8
Rebecca L Clarkson, Alayna T Liptak, Steven M Gee, Vikaas S Sohal, Kevin J Bender
The D3 dopamine receptor, a member of the Gi-coupled D2-family of dopamine receptors, is expressed throughout limbic circuits affected in neuropsychiatric disorders, including prefrontal cortex. These receptors are important for prefrontal executive function, as pharmacological and genetic manipulations that affect prefrontal D3 receptors alter anxiety, social interaction, and reversal learning. And yet, the mechanisms by which D3 receptors regulate prefrontal circuits, and whether D3 receptors regulate specific prefrontal subnetworks, remain unknown...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507916/past-present-and-future-of-kidney-paired-donation-transplantation-in-india
#9
REVIEW
Vivek B Kute, Himanshu V Patel, Pankaj R Shah, Pranjal R Modi, Veena R Shah, Sayyed J Rizvi, Bipin C Pal, Manisha P Modi, Priya S Shah, Umesh T Varyani, Pavan S Wakhare, Saiprasad G Shinde, Vijay A Ghodela, Minaxi H Patel, Varsha B Trivedi, Hargovind L Trivedi
One third of healthy willing living kidney donors are rejected due to ABO blood group incompatibility and donor specific antibody. This increases pre-transplant dialysis duration leading to increased morbidity and mortality on the kidney transplantation waiting list. Over the last decade kidney paired donation is most rapidly increased source of living kidney donors. In a kidney transplantation program dominated by living donor kidney transplantation, kidney paired donation is a legal and valid alternative strategy to increase living donor kidney transplantation...
April 24, 2017: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506123/jack-d-a-mobile-social-networking-application-and-gender-performance-a-site-of-exclusion-within-a-site-of-inclusion
#10
Michael D Bartone
User-generated smartphone applications have created a new level of virtual connectivity for gay males, one in which users can create profiles and meet other users as nearby or as faraway as possible. For those within close proximity, the other users can be considered their "virtual neighbors." While the applications are theoretically designed to be places of inclusion and not exclusion, where any gay male with economic means can download an application, many profiles have been created, which exclude other users...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504040/facebook-addiction-and-loneliness-in-the-post-graduate-students-of-a-university-in-southern-india
#11
Manoj Shettar, Ravichandra Karkal, Anil Kakunje, Rohan Dilip Mendonsa, Vv Mohan Chandran
BACKGROUND: Facebook is a social networking site (SNS) for communication, entertainment and information exchange. Recent research has shown that excessive use of Facebook can result in addictive behavior in some individuals. AIM: To assess the patterns of Facebook use in post-graduate students of Yenepoya University and evaluate its association with loneliness. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done to evaluate 100 post-graduate students of Yenepoya University using Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale (BFAS) and University of California and Los Angeles (UCLA) loneliness scale version 3...
June 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494648/social-networking-addiction-attachment-style-and-validation-of-the-italian-version-of-the-bergen-social-media-addiction-scale
#12
Lucia Monacis, Valeria de Palo, Mark D Griffiths, Maria Sinatra
Aim Research into social networking addiction has greatly increased over the last decade. However, the number of validated instruments assessing addiction to social networking sites (SNSs) remains few, and none have been validated in the Italian language. Consequently, this study tested the psychometric properties of the Italian version of the Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale (BSMAS), as well as providing empirical data concerning the relationship between attachment styles and SNS addiction. Methods A total of 769 participants were recruited to this study...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492592/electronic-collaboration-in-dermatology-resident-training-through-social-networking
#13
Natalie M Meeks, April L McGuire, Bryan T Carroll
The use of online educational resources and professional social networking sites is increasing. The field of dermatology is currently under-utilizing online social networking as a means of professional collaboration and sharing of training materials. In this study, we sought to assess the current structure of and satisfaction with dermatology resident education and gauge interest for a professional social networking site for educational collaboration. Two surveys-one for residents and one for faculty-were electronically distributed via the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery and Association of Professors of Dermatology (APD) listserves...
April 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475482/-in-our-community-a-friend-is-a-psychologist-an-ethnographic-study-of-informal-care-in-two-bhutanese-refugee-communities
#14
Liana Chase, Ram P Sapkota
The recent rise in suicide among Bhutanese refugees has been linked to the erosion of social networks and community supports in the ongoing resettlement process. This paper presents ethnographic findings on the role of informal care practiced by relatives, friends, and neighbors in the prevention and alleviation of mental distress in two Bhutanese refugee communities: the refugee camps of eastern Nepal and the resettled community of Burlington, Vermont, US. Data gathered through interviews ( n = 40, camp community; n = 22, resettled community), focus groups (four, camp community), and participant observation (both sites) suggest that family members, friends, and neighbors were intimately involved in the recognition and management of individual distress, often responding proactively to perceived vulnerability rather than reactively to help-seeking...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470133/exploring-the-advantages-of-using-social-network-sites-snss-in-dental-medicine-organisations
#15
Mário Franco, Leonor Pais
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to deepen and contribute to knowledge of the use of social network sites (SNSs) in organisations, and more precisely, identify the advantages. Design/methodology/approach To reach this objective, a cross-section study was adopted based on application of a questionnaire, the final sample consisting of 78 dental medicine organisations in Portugal. Findings The results obtained lead to the conclusion that a great number of the organisations studied are connected to SNSs, particularly Facebook...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470036/choosing-face-the-curse-of-self-in-profile-image-selection
#16
David White, Clare A M Sutherland, Amy L Burton
People draw automatic social inferences from photos of unfamiliar faces and these first impressions are associated with important real-world outcomes. Here we examine the effect of selecting online profile images on first impressions. We model the process of profile image selection by asking participants to indicate the likelihood that images of their own face ("self-selection") and of an unfamiliar face ("other-selection") would be used as profile images on key social networking sites. Across two large Internet-based studies (n = 610), in line with predictions, image selections accentuated favorable social impressions and these impressions were aligned to the social context of the networking sites...
2017: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464727/consumer-led-health-related-online-sources-and-their-impact-on-consumers-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#17
Elina Laukka, Piia Rantakokko, Marjo Suhonen
The aim of the review was to describe consumer-led health-related online sources and their impact on consumers. The review was carried out as an integrative literature review. Quantisation and qualitative content analysis were used as the analysis method. The most common method used by the included studies was qualitative content analysis. This review identified the consumer-led health-related online sources used between 2009 and 2016 as health-related online communities, health-related social networking sites and health-related rating websites...
April 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462764/the-lived-neighborhood-understanding-how-people-with-dementia-engage-with-their-local-environment
#18
Richard Ward, Andrew Clark, Sarah Campbell, Barbara Graham, Agneta Kullberg, Kainde Manji, Kirstein Rummery, John Keady
BACKGROUND: In this paper, we report progress on "Neighborhoods: our people, our places" an international study about how people living with dementia interact with their neighborhoods. The ideas of social health and citizenship are drawn upon to contextualize the data and make a case for recognizing and understanding the strengths and agency of people with dementia. In particular, we address the lived experience of the environment as a route to better understanding the capabilities, capacities, and competencies of people living with dementia...
May 2, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460754/pig-traders-networks-on-the-kenya-uganda-border-highlight-potential-for-mitigation-of-african-swine-fever-virus-transmission-and-improved-asf-disease-risk-management
#19
Jacqueline Kasiiti Lichoti, Jocelyn Davies, Yiheyis Maru, Philip M Kitala, Samuel M Githigia, Edward Okoth, Salome A Bukachi, Sam Okuthe, Richard P Bishop
We applied social network analysis to pig trader networks on the Kenya-Uganda border. Social network analysis is a recently developed tool, which is useful for understanding value chains and improving disease control policies. We interviewed a sample of 33 traders about their experiences with trade and African swine fever (ASF), analyzed the networks they generated in purchasing pigs and selling pork and their potential contribution to modulating dissemination of the ASF virus (ASFV). The majority of the traders were aware of clinical signs of ASF and the risk of trade transmitting ASFV...
May 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456638/-polycystic-kidney-disease-an-analysis-of-e-patients-exchanges-in-the-public-blogosphere
#20
Corinne Lagrafeuil, Mélanie Hueber, Xavier Magnien, Thierry Baroghel, Laurent Lecardeur, Thierry Marquet
The goal this study was to understand the preoccupations of e-patients with Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD), through their discussions on social networks, and to compare them with those of members of a specialized association. We collected and analyzed all messages containing an unequivocal expression of the pathology (polycystic kidney disease, PKD, ADPKD, etc.) available on public forums on the French Internet and all french-language messages posted on the forum of the patient group Association Polykystose-France (PKD-France) during 2 years...
April 26, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
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