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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077035/nurses-online-behaviour-lessons-for-the-nursing-profession
#1
Janet Green
Social networking has become an extremely popular online activity, however like many activities on the internet, there are some privacy risks and concerns associated with its use. In recent years an increasing number of nurses have been censured or asked to appear before regulatory or registering authorities for unprofessional behaviour on social media sites. Problem behaviours identified include: inappropriate content and postings, crossing professional boundaries and breaching patient privacy and confidentiality...
January 12, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077011/mourning-and-grief-on-facebook
#2
Erin Willis, Patrick Ferrucci
Facebook not only changed the way we communicate but also the way we mourn and express grief. The social networking site allows users to interact with deceased users' walls after death. This study utilized textual analysis to categorize Facebook posts ( N = 122) on 30 deceased users' walls according to uses and gratifications theory. Most posts were found to be motivated by entertainment, followed by integration and social interaction. Facebook users posted memories, condolences, and interacted with friends and family members in the deceased user's network...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075492/a-thematic-content-analysis-of-cheatmeal-images-on-social-media-characterizing-an-emerging-dietary-trend
#3
Eva Pila, Jonathan M Mond, Scott Griffiths, Deborah Mitchison, Stuart B Murray
Despite the pervasive social endorsement of "cheat meals" within pro-muscularity online communities, there is an absence of empirical work examining this dietary phenomenon. The present study aimed to characterize cheat meals, and explore the meaning ascribed to engagement in this practice. Thematic content analysis was employed to code the photographic and textual elements of a sample (n = 600) that was extracted from over 1.6 million images marked with the #cheatmeal tag on the social networking site, Instagram...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064525/healthy-children-strong-families-2-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-healthy-lifestyle-intervention-for-american-indian-families-designed-using-community-based-approaches
#4
Emily J Tomayko, Ronald J Prince, Kate A Cronin, Tassy Parker, Kyungmann Kim, Vernon M Grant, Judith N Sheche, Alexandra K Adams
Background/Aims Few obesity prevention trials have focused on young children and their families in the home environment, particularly in underserved communities. Healthy Children, Strong Families 2 is a randomized controlled trial of a healthy lifestyle intervention for American Indian children and their families, a group at very high risk of obesity. The study design resulted from our long-standing engagement with American Indian communities, and few collaborations of this type resulting in the development and implementation of a randomized clinical trial have been described...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062351/training-the-workforce-description-of-a-longitudinal-interdisciplinary-education-and-mentoring-program-in-palliative-care
#5
Stacie Levine, Sean O'Mahony, Aliza Baron, Aziz Ansari, Catherine Deamant, Joel Frader, Ileana Leyva, Michael Marschke, Michael Preodor
CONTEXT: The rapid increase in demand for palliative care (PC) services has led to concerns regarding workforce shortages and threats to the resiliency of PC teams. OBJECTIVES: To describe the development, implementation, and evaluation of a regional interdisciplinary training program in PC. METHODS: Thirty nurse and physician "fellows" representing 22 health systems across the Chicago region participated in a two-year PC training program...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033503/negative-consequences-from-heavy-social-networking-in-adolescents-the-mediating-role-of-fear-of-missing-out
#6
Ursula Oberst, Elisa Wegmann, Benjamin Stodt, Matthias Brand, Andrés Chamarro
Social networking sites (SNS) are especially attractive for adolescents, but it has also been shown that these users can suffer from negative psychological consequences when using these sites excessively. We analyze the role of fear of missing out (FOMO) and intensity of SNS use for explaining the link between psychopathological symptoms and negative consequences of SNS use via mobile devices. In an online survey, 1468 Spanish-speaking Latin-American social media users between 16 and 18 years old completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the Social Networking Intensity scale (SNI), the FOMO scale (FOMOs), and a questionnaire on negative consequences of using SNS via mobile device (CERM)...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032525/the-breakdown-of-galileo-s-roman-network-crisis-and-community-ca-1633
#7
Paula Findlen, Hannah Marcus
Rome has long been central to the story of Galileo's life and scientific work. Through an analysis of the metadata of Galileo's surviving letters, combined with a close reading of the letters themselves, we discuss how Galileo used correspondence to build a Roman network. Galileo initially assembled this network around the members of the Lincean Academy, a few carefully nurtured relationships with important ecclesiastics, and the expertise of well positioned Tuscan diplomats in the Eternal City. However, an analysis of Galileo's correspondence in the aftermath of the trial of 1633 provides us with a unique opportunity to interrogate how his altered circumstances transformed his social relations...
December 1, 2016: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031800/functional-traits-determine-heterospecific-use-of-risk-related-social-information-in-forest-birds-of-tropical-south-east-asia
#8
Fangyuan Hua, Ding Li Yong, Muhammad Nazri Janra, Liza M Fitri, Dewi Prawiradilaga, Kathryn E Sieving
In birds and mammals, mobbing calls constitute an important form of social information that can attract numerous sympatric species to localized mobbing aggregations. While such a response is thought to reduce the future predation risk for responding species, there is surprisingly little empirical evidence to support this hypothesis. One way to test the link between predation risk reduction and mobbing attraction involves testing the relationship between species' attraction to mobbing calls and the functional traits that define their vulnerability to predation risk...
December 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027668/social-determinants-of-health-and-retention-in-hiv-care-in-a-clinical-cohort-in-ontario-canada
#9
Beth Rachlis, Ann N Burchell, Sandra Gardner, Lucia Light, Janet Raboud, Tony Antoniou, Jean Bacon, Anita Benoit, Curtis Cooper, Claire Kendall, Mona Loutfy, Wendy Wobeser, Frank McGee, Anita Rachlis, Sean B Rourke
: Continuous HIV care supports antiretroviral therapy initiation and adherence, and prolongs survival. We investigated the association of social determinants of health (SDH) and subsequent retention in HIV care in a clinical cohort in Ontario, Canada. The Ontario HIV Treatment Network Cohort Study is a multi-site cohort of patients at 10 HIV clinics. Data were collected from medical charts, interviews, and via record linkage with the provincial public health laboratory for viral load tests...
December 27, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002686/research-on-social-networking-sites-and-social-support-from-2004-to-2015-a-narrative-review-and-directions-for-future-research
#10
Jingbo Meng, Lourdes Martinez, Amanda Holmstrom, Minwoong Chung, Jeff Cox
The article presents a narrative review of scholarship on social support through social networking sites (SNSs) published from 2004 to 2015. By searching keywords related to social support and SNSs in major databases for social sciences, we identified and content analyzed directly relevant articles (N = 88). The article summarizes the prevalence of theory usage; the function of theory usage (e.g., testing a theory, developing a theory); major theories referenced; and methodologies, including research designs, measurement, and the roles of social support and SNS examined in this literature...
January 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000333/leveraging-social-capital-of-individuals-with-intellectual-disabilities-through-participation-on-facebook
#11
Carmit-Noa Shpigelman
BACKGROUND: Participation in social networking sites has considerable potential to leverage the individual's social capital, including persons with intellectual disabilities, whose real-world social networks are fairly limited. METHOD: This study aimed to understand how individuals with intellectual disabilities use Facebook to access social capital benefits, if at all. Qualitative interviews and observations were conducted with 20 adult Facebook users with intellectual disabilities...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998880/social-media-use-among-living-kidney-donors-and-recipients-survey-on-current-practice-and-potential
#12
Abby Swanson Kazley, Bashir Hamidi, Wendy Balliet, Prabhakar Baliga
BACKGROUND: In the United States, there is a national shortage of organs donated for transplant. Among the solid organs, most often kidneys are donated by living donors, but the lack of information and complicated processes limit the number of individuals who serve as living kidney donors. Social media can be a tool for advocacy, educating the public about the need, process, and outcomes of live kidney donors, yet little is known about social media use by kidney transplant patients. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the social media use of potential kidney transplant patients and their willingness to use social media and their networks to advocate and educate about living kidney donation...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994566/cultural-and-personality-predictors-of-facebook-intrusion-a-cross-cultural-study
#13
Agata Błachnio, Aneta Przepiorka, Martina Benvenuti, Davide Cannata, Adela M Ciobanu, Emre Senol-Durak, Mithat Durak, Michail N Giannakos, Elvis Mazzoni, Ilias O Pappas, Camelia Popa, Gwendolyn Seidman, Shu Yu, Anise M S Wu, Menachem Ben-Ezra
The increase in the number of users of social networking sites (SNS) has inspired intense efforts to determine intercultural differences between them. The main aim of the study was to investigate the cultural and personal predictors of Facebook intrusion. A total of 2628 Facebook users from eight countries took part in the study. The Facebook Intrusion Questionnaire, the Ten-Item Personality Inventory, and the Singelis Scale were used. We found that two variables related to Country were significantly related to Facebook intrusion: uniqueness (negatively) and low context (positively); of the personality variables, conscientiousness, and emotional stability were negatively related to the dependent variable of Facebook intrusion across different countries, which may indicate the universal pattern of Facebook intrusion...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968894/hiv-self-testing-among-high-risk-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Yilu Qin, Fengying Liu, Weiming Tang, Songyuan Tang, Chuncheng Liu, Jessica Mao, Chongyi Wei, Joseph Tucker
BACKGROUND: HIV self-testing holds great promise for reaching high-risk key populations who do not access facility-based services, but it has rarely been evaluated outside of structured research settings. HIV self-testing is a process by which a person takes and interprets a test. We aimed to characterise implementation of unsupervised HIV self-testing among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China. METHODS: We undertook a nationwide online survey of MSM in November, 2015, in China...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968893/sex-tourism-among-chinese-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#15
Jessica Mao, Weiming Tang, Chuncheng Liu, Ngai Sze Wong, Songyuan Tang, Chongyi Wei, Joseph Tucker
BACKGROUND: Sex tourism among men who have sex with men (MSM) provides a risk for spread of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. Sex tourism is defined as travelling outside of one's home town and purchasing sex with gifts or money. Our objective was to characterise the frequency, sociodemographic characteristics, and sexual risk behaviours among Chinese MSM sex tourists. METHODS: We undertook an online, cross-sectional survey of high-risk MSM throughout China in November, 2015...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940615/the-role-of-vip-in-social-behavior-neural-hotspots-for-the-modulation-of-affiliation-aggression-and-parental-care
#16
Marcy A Kingsbury, Leah C Wilson
Although the modulation of social behaviors by most major neurochemical systems has been explored, there are still standouts, including the study of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP). VIP is a modulator of circadian, reproductive, and seasonal rhythms and is well known for its role in reproductive behavior, as it is the main vertebrate prolactin-releasing hormone. Originally isolated as a gut peptide, VIP and its cognate receptors are present in virtually every brain area that is important for social behavior, including all nodes of the core "social behavior network" (SBN)...
December 2016: Integrative and Comparative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940342/social-learning-within-a-community-of-practice-investigating-interactions-about-evaluation-among-zoo-education-professionals
#17
Kathayoon Khalil, Nicole M Ardoin, Deborah Wojcik
The accessibility and ubiquity of zoos and aquariums-which reach over 700 million people worldwide annually-make them critical sites for science and environmental learning. Through educational offerings, these sites can generate excitement and curiosity about nature and motivate stewardship behavior, but only if their programs are high quality and meet the needs of their audiences. Evaluation is, therefore, critical: knowing what works, for whom, and under what conditions must be central to these organizations...
December 5, 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936372/strategic-self-presentation-or-authentic-communication-predicting-adolescents-alcohol-references-on-social-media
#18
Femke Geusens, Kathleen Beullens
OBJECTIVE: The current study is one of the first to examine how self-reported alcohol consumption, friends' perceived alcohol consumption, and the perceived number of friends sharing alcohol references on social networking sites (SNS) is associated with adolescents' sharing of alcohol references on SNS. METHOD: A cross-sectional paper-and-pencil survey was administered among 3,172 adolescents (n = 3,133 used for analyses, mean age = 17.16 years, SD = 0.93; 50.7% male)...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925798/excessive-time-on-social-networking-sites-and-disordered-eating-behaviors-among-undergraduate-students-appearance-and-weight-esteem-as-mediating-pathways
#19
Marisa Murray, Danijela Maras, Gary S Goldfield
Social networking sites (SNS) are a popular form of communication among undergraduate students. Body image concerns and disordered eating behaviors are also quite prevalent among this population. Maladaptive use of SNS has been associated with disordered eating behaviors; however, the mechanisms remain unclear. The present study examined if body image concerns (e.g., appearance and weight esteem) mediate the relationship between excessive time spent on SNS and disordered eating behaviors (restrained and emotional eating)...
December 2016: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925217/things-online-social-networking-can-take-away-reminders-of-social-networking-sites-undermine-the-desirability-of-offline-socializing-and%C3%A2-pleasures
#20
Shiang-Shiang Li, Yevvon Yi-Chi Chang, Wen-Bin Chiou
People are beginning to develop symbiotic relationships with social networking sites (SNSs), which provide users with abundant opportunities for social interaction. We contend that if people perceive SNSs as sources of social connection, the idea of SNSs may reduce the desire to pursue offline social activities and offline pleasures. Experiment 1 demonstrated that priming with SNSs was associated with a weakened desirability of offline social activities and an increased inclination to work alone. Felt relatedness mediated the link between SNS primes and reduced desire to engage in offline social activities...
December 7, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
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