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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931200/social-media-in-otolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery
#1
Modupe Oyewumi, John Lee, Allan Vescan
The objective of this study was to assess the current use of social media tools within Canadian otolaryngology-head and neck surgery (OHNS) programs and to assess the interest within these programs to integrate social media for networking, social, and educational programs. A prospective study from September 2013 to February 2014 was performed involving residents and faculty in Canadian OHNS programs. A 26-item questionnaire was created and sent to staff and resident physicians who met the study inclusion criteria using an online survey tool (http://surveymonkey...
September 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926290/social-networking-sites-use-and-the-morphology-of-a-social-semantic-brain-network
#2
Ofir Turel, Qinghua He, Damien Brevers, Antoine Bechara
Social lives have shifted, at least in part, for large portions of the population to social networking sites. How such lifestyle changes may be associated with brain structures is still largely unknown. In this manuscript, we describe two preliminary studies aimed at exploring this issue. The first study (n=276) showed that Facebook users reported on increased social-semantic and mentalizing demands, and that such increases were positively associated with people's level of Facebook use. The second study (n=33) theorized on and examined likely anatomical correlates of such changes in demands on the brain...
September 19, 2017: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910502/using-narrative-inquiry-to-listen-to-the-voices-of-adolescent-mothers-in-relation-to-their-use-of-social-networking-sites-sns
#3
Samantha Nolan, Joyce Hendricks, Moira Williamson, Sally Ferguson
AIM: This article presents a discussion highlighting the relevance and strengths of using narrative inquiry to explore experiences of social networking site (SNS) use by adolescent mothers. BACKGROUND: Narrative inquiry as a method reveals truths about holistic human experience. Knowledge gleaned from personal narratives informs nursing knowledge and clinical practice. This approach gives voice to adolescent mothers in relation to their experiences with SNS as a means of providing social support...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903891/health-information-national-trends-survey-in-american-sign-language-hints-asl-protocol-for-the-cultural-adaptation-and-linguistic-validation-of-a-national-survey
#4
Poorna Kushalnagar, Raychelle Harris, Raylene Paludneviciene, TraciAnn Hoglind
BACKGROUND: The Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) collects nationally representative data about the American's public use of health-related information. This survey is available in English and Spanish, but not in American Sign Language (ASL). Thus, the exclusion of ASL users from these national health information survey studies has led to a significant gap in knowledge of Internet usage for health information access in this underserved and understudied population. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study are (1) to culturally adapt and linguistically translate the HINTS items to ASL (HINTS-ASL); and (2) to gather information about deaf people's health information seeking behaviors across technology-mediated platforms...
September 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903664/preferences-and-actual-chemotherapy-decision-making-in-the-greater-plains-collaborative-breast-cancer-study
#5
Ann M Berger, Russell J Buzalko, Kevin A Kupzyk, Bret J Gardner, Dilorom M Djalilova, Julie L Otte
INTRODUCTION: There is renewed interest in identifying breast cancer patients' participation in decision-making about adjuvant chemotherapy. There is a gap in the literature regarding the impact of these decisions on quality of life (QOL) and quality of care (QOC). Our aims were to determine similarities and differences in how patients diagnosed with breast cancer preferred to make decisions with providers about cancer treatment, to examine the patient's recall of her role when the decision was made about chemotherapy and to determine how preferred and actual roles, as well as congruence between them, relate to QOL and perceived QOC...
September 13, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892935/efficacy-of-health-education-using-facebook-to-promote-healthy-lifestyle-among-medical-students-in-puducherry-india-a-non-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Smrithi Krishnamohan, P Stalin, Zile Singh, Maghida Sridhar
INTRODUCTION: Increasing burden of overweight and obesity among young adults is mainly due to unhealthy lifestyle especially with respect to diet and physical activity. At the same time, younger generations are spending more time with social network sites. Therefore, this study was intended to explore the role of social networking sites in promoting healthy lifestyle. AIM: To measure the efficacy of health education using social networking sites in promoting healthy lifestyle among medical students in Puducherry, India...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882813/perceptions-of-health-related-information-on-facebook-cross-sectional-study-among-vietnamese-youths
#7
Melvyn Wb Zhang, Bach Xuan Tran, Huong Thi Le, Hinh Duc Nguyen, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Tho Dinh Tran, Carl A Latkin, Roger Cm Ho
BACKGROUND: While health information websites may have previously been the core source of information about health-related conditions on the Internet, social networking sites are increasingly replacing those websites as a source of health-related information. The increasingly popularity of social networking sites among the general population has consequential impact on health policies as well as health-related interventions. To date, there remains a paucity of research conducted in developing countries like Vietnam looking at the influence of social networking sites...
September 7, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876967/understanding-factors-associated-with-singaporean-adolescents-intention-to-adopt-privacy-protection-behavior-using-an-extended-theory-of-planned-behavior
#8
Shirley S Ho, May O Lwin, Andrew Z H Yee, Edmund W J Lee
Using an extended theory of planned behavior (TPB), this study explores how the original TPB variables (attitude, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control), personality traits, privacy concern, past privacy protection behaviors (PPBs), as well as parental mediation strategies relate to adolescents' intention to engage in privacy protection measures. We administered a cross-sectional survey to a nationally representative sample of adolescents (N = 4,920) in Singapore. The sample comprised 50.5 percent females and 49...
September 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876524/technology-based-communication-and-the-development-of-interpersonal-competencies-within-adolescent-romantic-relationships-a-preliminary-investigation
#9
Jacqueline Nesi, Laura Widman, Sophia Choukas-Bradley, Mitchell J Prinstein
This study investigated longitudinal associations between adolescents' technology-based communication and the development of interpersonal competencies within romantic relationships. A school-based sample of 487 adolescents (58% girls; Mage  = 14.1) participated at two time points, one year apart. Participants reported (1) proportions of daily communication with romantic partners via traditional modes (in person, on the phone) versus technological modes (text messaging, social networking sites) and (2) competence in the romantic relationship skill domains of negative assertion and conflict management...
June 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876148/how-is-a-label-of-borderline-personality-disorder-constructed-on-twitter-a-critical-discourse-analysis
#10
Heather Dyson, Lucy Gorvin
This research took a social constructionist stance and explored how Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is constructed by Twitter users who identify with this diagnostic label. Consistent with this position, a critical discourse analysis (CDA) methodology was employed. The data comprised two-hundred and twenty-five tweets. Tweets from professionals, or links to blogs, were excluded, in an attempt to ensure only personal tweets were used. Two interpretative repertoires were produced from the analysis: BPD as an existence of tension and BPD as a different existence...
September 6, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864948/building-community-partnerships-using-social-network-analysis-to-strengthen-service-networks-supporting-a-south-carolina-program-for-pregnant-and-parenting-teens
#11
Elizabeth Radcliff, Nathan Hale, Jennifer Browder, Claudia Cartledge
In 2013, South Carolina implemented a multi-year program providing support services for pregnant and parenting teens. Local lead sites were responsible for coordinating service delivery in partnership with other multidisciplinary community-based organizations. We used social network theory and analyses (SNA) to examine changes in partnerships over time. Using two-stage purposeful sampling, we identified three lead sites and their self-reported community partners. We administered two web-based surveys grounded in social network theory that included questions about partnership relationships and organizational characteristics...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855771/surgery-goes-social-the-extent-and-patterns-of-social-media-utilization-by-major-trauma-acute-and-critical-care-surgery-societies
#12
Jawad M Khalifeh, Haytham M A Kaafarani
CONTEXT AND AIMS: The evolving influence of social media in trauma, acute, and critical care surgery (TACCS) cannot be ignored. We sought to investigate the extent and patterns of use of social networks by major regional, national and international TACCS societies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The two leading social networking sites, Facebook (FB) and Twitter (TW), were thoroughly examined for the presence of official accounts for each of the major TACCS societies. An official FB or TW account was defined as one which has a blue verified badge and/or is linked the society's official website...
July 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854197/environmental-disturbance-increases-social-connectivity-in-a-passerine-bird
#13
Samantha M Lantz, Jordan Karubian
Individual level response to natural and anthropogenic disturbance represents an increasingly important, but as yet little understood, component of animal behavior. Disturbance events often alter habitat, which in turn can modify behaviors of individuals in affected areas, including changes in habitat use and associated changes in social structure. To better understand these relationships, we investigated aspects of habitat selection and social connectivity of a small passerine bird, the red-backed fairywren (Malurus melanocephalus), before vs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854128/digital-health-communication-and-global-public-influence-a-study-of-the-ebola-epidemic
#14
Hal Roberts, Brittany Seymour, Sands Alden Fish, Emily Robinson, Ethan Zuckerman
Scientists and health communication professionals expressed frustration over the relationship between misinformation circulating on the Internet and global public perceptions of and responses to the Ebola epidemic originating in West Africa. Using the big data platform Media Cloud, we analyzed all English-language stories about keyword "Ebola" published from 1 July 2014 to 17 November 2014 from the media sets U.S. Mainstream Media, U.S. Regional Media, U.S. Political Blogs, U.S. Popular Blogs, Europe Media Monitor, and Global Voices to understand how social network theory and models of the networked global public may have contributed to health communication efforts...
2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852888/peer-assisted-social-learning-for-diverse-and-low-income-youth-infusing-mental-health-promotion-into-urban-after-school-programs
#15
Sarah A Helseth, Stacy L Frazier
Community-based after-school programs (ASPs) can promote social competence by infusing evidence-based practice into recreation. Through collaborative partnership, we developed and implemented a peer-assisted social learning (PASL) model to leverage natural opportunities for peer-mediated problem-solving. ASP-Staff (n = 5) led elementary-school youth (n = 30) through 21 activities that partnered socially-skilled and less-skilled children; outcomes were compared to children (n = 31) at another site, via quasi-experimental design...
August 29, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837566/determinants-of-user-acceptance-of-a-specific-social-platform-for-older-adults-an-empirical-examination-of-user-interface-characteristics-and-behavioral-intention
#16
Tsai-Hsuan Tsai, Hsien-Tsung Chang, Yan-Jiun Chen, Yung-Sheng Chang
The use of the Internet and social applications has many benefits for the elderly, but numerous investigations have shown that the elderly do not perceive online social networks as a friendly social environment. Therefore, TreeIt, a social application specifically designed for the elderly, was developed for this study. In the TreeIt application, seven mechanisms promoting social interaction were designed to allow older adults to use social networking sites (SNSs) to increase social connection, maintain the intensity of social connections and strengthen social experience...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832282/from-fear-to-resilience-adolescents-experiences-of-violence-in-inner-city-johannesburg-south-africa
#17
Fiona Scorgie, Deborah Baron, Jonathan Stadler, Emilie Venables, Heena Brahmbhatt, Kristin Mmari, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe
BACKGROUND: For adolescents growing up in poor urban South African settings, violence is often a part of daily life and has lasting effects on physical and mental health outcomes in adulthood. We conducted a qualitative study to document and understand the forms of interpersonal violence experienced by adolescents living in Hillbrow, Johannesburg. In this article, we explore how violence is experienced differently by adolescent boys and girls, how they conceptualise 'dangerous' and 'safe' spaces in their neighbourhood and what gaps exist in available services for youth in Hillbrow...
July 4, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828738/can-burt-s-theory-of-structural-holes-be-applied-to-study-social-support-among-mid-age-female-sex-workers-a-multi-site-egocentric-network-study-in-china
#18
Hongjie Liu
The epidemic of HIV/AIDS continues to spread among older adults and mid-age female sex workers (FSWs) over 35 years old. We used egocentric network data collected from three study sites in China to examine the applicability of Burt's Theory of Social Holes to study social support among mid-age FSWs. Using respondent-driven sampling, 1245 eligible mid-age FSWs were interviewed. Network structural holes were measured by network constraint and effective size. Three types of social networks were identified: family networks, workplace networks, and non-FSW networks...
August 21, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820668/mental-health-and-coping-patterns-in-jewish-gay-men-in-israel-the-role-of-dual-identity-conflict-religious-identity-and-partnership-status
#19
Moshe Zeidner, Attara Zevulun
This study examined the effects of dual identity conflict, religious identity (religious/spiritual vs. sexual), and partnership status on the coping strategies and mental health of gay Jewish men in modern Israeli society. Participants were 73 religious and 71 secular gay men recruited via email, social networking sites, and online resources targeting sexual minority men. Participants were assessed via measures of identity conflict, mental health, and coping strategies. Jewish gay men who reported more severe identity conflict also reported using less problem-focused, emotion-focused, and avoidance coping strategies and reported poorer mental health than their less identity-conflicted counterparts...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810409/celebrity-endorsed-e-cigarette-brand-instagram-advertisements-effects-on-young-adults-attitudes-towards-e-cigarettes-and-smoking-intentions
#20
Joe Phua, Seunga Venus Jin, Jung Min Hahm
Celebrities endorsing e-cigarette brands on social media may exert a strong influence on e-cigarette uptake. Using a between-subject experiment, this study examines the effects of endorser type (celebrities, non-celebrities and products only) in e-cigarette brand Instagram advertisements on e-cigarette attitudes and smoking intentions. Results showed that celebrity endorsers significantly increased positive attitudes towards e-cigarettes and smoking intentions, compared to non-celebrities or products only. Celebrity endorsers also rated significantly higher on trustworthiness, expertise, goodwill and attractiveness, compared to non-celebrities...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
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