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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650223/alcohol-related-posts-from-young-people-on-social-networking-sites-content-and-motivations
#1
Hanneke Hendriks, Winifred A Gebhardt, Bas van den Putte
Many young people place alcohol-related posts on social networking sites (SNS) which can result in undesirable effects. Although several recent studies have investigated the occurrence of alcohol-related SNS use, it is neither clear (a) what type of alcohol posts are placed on SNS, (b) the motivations to place alcohol posts, nor (c) which young people are most likely to place alcohol posts. This study addressed these three goals. A large cross-sectional study among young participants (12-30 years; N = 561) assessed the posting of different types of alcohol posts, the motivations to (not) post these posts, and potential differences in posting between subgroups (i...
June 26, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650221/a-cross-cultural-study-of-risky-online-self-presentation
#2
Claire M White, Clara A Cutello, Michaela Gummerum, Yaniv Hanoch
The use of social media is pervasive among young adults. However, not all posted content is beneficial to their self-presentation, but can have negative and damaging consequences. This study investigated how individual differences in self-monitoring and impulsiveness influence risky online self-presentation in British and Italian samples. British participants (n = 88) were more likely to post comments and images related to their alcohol and drug use, whereas Italian (n = 90) participants posted more offensive content and personal information...
June 26, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643241/socio-demographic-characteristics-sexual-and-test-seeking-behaviours-amongst-men-who-have-sex-with-both-men-and-women-results-from-a-bio-behavioural-survey-in-13-european-cities
#3
Massimo Mirandola, Lorenzo Gios, Nigel Sherriff, John Pachankis, Igor Toskin, Laia Ferrer, Sónia Dias, Inga Velicko, Danica Staneková, Saulius Caplinskas, Emilia Naseva, Marta Niedźwiedzka-Stadnik
Within the MSM population, men who have sex with both men and women (MSMW) are identified as a high-risk group both worldwide and in Europe. In a multi-centred bio-behavioural cross-sectional study, we aimed to assess the relationship(s) between socio-demographic factors, stigma, sexual behavioural patterns, test seeking behaviour and sero-status amongst MSMW. A multi-level analysis was conducted to identify factors associated with being MSMW versus Men who have Sex with Men Only (MSMO). A total of 4901 MSM were enrolled across the 13 study sites...
June 22, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642215/what-motivates-young-adults-to-talk-about-physical-activity-on-social-network-sites
#4
Ni Zhang, Shelly Campo, Jingzhen Yang, Petya Eckler, Linda Snetselaar, Kathleen Janz, Emily Leary
BACKGROUND: Electronic word-of-mouth on social network sites has been used successfully in marketing. In social marketing, electronic word-of-mouth about products as health behaviors has the potential to be more effective and reach more young adults than health education through traditional mass media. However, little is known about what motivates people to actively initiate electronic word-of-mouth about health behaviors on their personal pages or profiles on social network sites, thus potentially reaching all their contacts on those sites...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631060/estimating-the-size-of-the-msm-population-in-metro-vancouver-canada-using-multiple-methods-and-diverse-data-sources
#5
Ashleigh J Rich, Nathan J Lachowsky, Paul Sereda, Zishan Cui, Jason Wong, Stanley Wong, Jody Jollimore, Henry Fisher Raymond, Travis Salway Hottes, Eric A Roth, Robert S Hogg, David M Moore
Men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately affected by HIV globally, regionally in Canada, and locally in Vancouver. Lack of reliable population size estimates of MSM impedes effective implementation of health care services and limits our understanding of the HIV epidemic. We estimated the population size of MSM residing in Metro Vancouver drawing on four data sources: the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS), a cross-sectional bio-behavioural MSM survey, HIV testing services data from sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinics serving MSM, and online social networking site Facebook...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625193/place-based-social-contact-and-mixing-a-typology-of-generic-meeting-places-of-relevance-for-infectious-disease-transmission
#6
M Strömgren, E Holm, Ö Dahlström, J Ekberg, H Eriksson, A Spreco, T Timpka
This study aims to develop a typology of generic meeting places based on social contact and mixing of relevance for infectious disease transmission. Data were collected by means of a contact diary survey conducted on a representative sample of the Swedish population. The typology is derived from a cluster analysis accounting for four dimensions associated with transmission risk: visit propensity and its characteristics in terms of duration, number of other persons present and likelihood of physical contact...
June 19, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622031/time-spent-on-social-network-sites-and-psychological-well-being-a-meta-analysis
#7
Chiungjung Huang
This meta-analysis examines the relationship between time spent on social networking sites and psychological well-being factors, namely self-esteem, life satisfaction, loneliness, and depression. Sixty-one studies consisting of 67 independent samples involving 19,652 participants were identified. The mean correlation between time spent on social networking sites and psychological well-being was low at r = -0.07. The correlations between time spent on social networking sites and positive indicators (self-esteem and life satisfaction) were close to 0, whereas those between time spent on social networking sites and negative indicators (depression and loneliness) were weak...
June 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612388/dermatopathology-education-in-the-era-of-modern-technology
#8
REVIEW
Neda Shahriari, Jane Grant-Kels, Michael J Murphy
Continuing technological advances are inevitably impacting the study and practice of dermatopathology. We are seeing the transition from glass slide microscopy to virtual microscopy, which is serving both as an accessible educational medium for medical students, residents and fellows in the form of online databases and atlases, as well as a research tool to better inform us regarding the development of visual diagnostic expertise. Expansion in mobile technology is simplifying slide image attainment and providing greater opportunities for phone- and tablet-based microscopy, including teledermatopathology instruction and consultation in resource-poor areas with lack of specialists...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610482/randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-healthy-lifestyle-intervention-among-smokers-with-psychotic-disorders-outcomes-to-36%C3%A2-months
#9
Amanda L Baker, Robyn Richmond, Frances J Kay-Lambkin, Sacha L Filia, David Castle, Jill M Williams, Terry J Lewin, Vanessa Clark, Robin Callister, Kerrin Palazzi
OBJECTIVE: People living with psychotic disorders (schizophrenia spectrum and bipolar disorders) have high rates of cardiovascular disease risk behaviours, including smoking, physical inactivity and poor diet. We report cardiovascular disease risk, smoking cessation and other risk behaviour outcomes over 36 months following recruitment into a two-arm randomised controlled trial among smokers with psychotic disorders. METHODS: Participants ( N = 235) drawn from three sites were randomised to receive nicotine replacement therapy plus (1) a Healthy Lifestyles intervention delivered over approximately 9 months or (2) a largely telephone-delivered intervention (designed to control for nicotine replacement therapy provision, session frequency and other monitoring)...
June 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605631/care-coordination-in-epilepsy-measuring-neurologists-connectivity-using-social-network-analysis
#10
Hamada Hamid Altalib, Brenda T Fenton, Kei-Hoi Cheung, Mary Jo V Pugh, Jonathan Bates, Thomas W Valente, Robert D Kerns, Cynthia A Brandt
OBJECTIVE: The study sought to quantify coordination of epilepsy care, over time, between neurologists and other health care providers using social network analysis (SNA). METHODS: The Veterans Health Administration (VA) instituted an Epilepsy Center of Excellence (ECOE) model in 2008 to enhance care coordination between neurologists and other health care providers. Provider networks in the 16 VA ECOE facilities (hub sites) were compared to a subset of 33 VA facilities formally affiliated (consortium sites) and 14 unaffiliated VA facilities...
June 9, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600279/frequencies-of-private-mentions-and-sharing-of-mammography-and-breast-cancer-terms-on-facebook-a-pilot-study
#11
Marco Huesch, Alison Chetlen, Joel Segel, Susann Schetter
BACKGROUND: The most popular social networking site in the United States is Facebook, an online forum where circles of friends create, share, and interact with each other's content in a nonpublic way. OBJECTIVE: Our objectives were to understand (1) the most commonly used terms and phrases relating to breast cancer screening, (2) the most commonly shared website links that other women interacted with, and (3) the most commonly shared website links, by age groups...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599637/recruitment-of-racial-ethnic-minority-older-adults-through-community-sites-for-focus-group-discussions
#12
Mary E Northridge, Michele Shedlin, Eric W Schrimshaw, Ivette Estrada, Leydis De La Cruz, Rogelina Peralta, Stacia Birdsall, Sara S Metcalf, Bibhas Chakraborty, Carol Kunzel
BACKGROUND: Despite a body of evidence on racial/ethnic minority enrollment and retention in research, literature specifically focused on recruiting racially/ethnically diverse older adults for social science studies is limited. There is a need for more rigorous research on methodological issues and the efficacy of recruitment methods. Cultural obstacles to recruitment of racial/ethnic minority older adults include language barriers, lack of cultural sensitivity of target communities on the part of researchers, and culturally inappropriate assessment tools...
June 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597541/restless-roosts-light-pollution-affects-behavior-sleep-and-physiology-in-a-free-living-songbird
#13
Jenny Q Ouyang, Maaike de Jong, Roy H A van Grunsven, Kevin D Matson, Mark F Haussmann, Peter Meerlo, Marcel E Visser, Kamiel Spoelstra
The natural nighttime environment is increasingly polluted by artificial light. Several studies have linked artificial light at night to negative impacts on human health. In free-living animals, light pollution is associated with changes in circadian, reproductive, and social behavior, but whether these animals also suffer from physiologic costs remains unknown. To fill this gap, we made use of a unique network of field sites which are either completely unlit (control), or are artificially illuminated with white, green, or red light...
June 9, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593172/allied-health-professional-support-in-pediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-survey-from-the-canadian-children-inflammatory-bowel-disease-network-a-joint-partnership-of-cihr-and-the-ch-i-l-d-foundation
#14
Wael El-Matary, Eric I Benchimol, David Mack, Hien Q Huynh, Jeff Critch, Anthony Otley, Colette Deslandres, Kevan Jacobson, Jennifer deBruyn, Matthew W Carroll, Eytan Wine, Johan Van Limbergen, Mary Sherlock, Kevin Bax, Sally Lawrence, Ernest Seidman, Robert Issenman, Thomas D Walters, Peter Church, Anne M Griffiths
OBJECTIVES: The current number of healthcare providers (HCP) caring for children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) across Canadian tertiary-care centres is underinvestigated. The aim of this survey was to assess the number of healthcare providers (HCP) in ambulatory pediatric IBD care across Canadian tertiary-care centres. METHODS: Using a self-administered questionnaire, we examined available resources in academic pediatric centres within the Canadian Children IBD Network...
2017: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587225/associations-among-screen-time-and-unhealthy-behaviors-academic-performance-and-well-being-in-chinese-adolescents
#15
Hanyi Yan, Rui Zhang, Theresa M Oniffrey, Guoxun Chen, Yueqiao Wang, Yingru Wu, Xinge Zhang, Quan Wang, Lu Ma, Rui Li, Justin B Moore
Screen time is negatively associated with markers of health in western youth, but very little is known about these relationships in Chinese youth. Middle-school and high-school students (n = 2625) in Wuhan, China, completed questionnaires assessing demographics, health behaviors, and self-perceptions in spring/summer 2016. Linear and logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine whether, after adjustment for covariates, screen time was associated with body mass index (BMI), eating behaviors, average nightly hours of sleep, physical activity (PA), academic performance, and psychological states...
June 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579840/antecedents-of-positive-self-disclosure-online-an-empirical-study-of-us-college-students-facebook-usage
#16
Hongliang Chen
This study investigates the factors predicting positive self-disclosure on social networking sites (SNSs). There is a formidable body of empirical research relating to online self-disclosure, but very few studies have assessed the antecedents of positive self-disclosure. To address this literature gap, the current study tests the effects of self-esteem, life satisfaction, social anxiety, privacy concerns, public self-consciousness (SC), and perceived collectivism on positive self-disclosure on SNSs. Data were collected online via Qualtrics in April 2013...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574719/the-role-of-online-social-identity-in-the-relationship-between-alcohol-related-content-on-social-networking-sites-and-adolescent-alcohol-use
#17
Karlee J Pegg, Alexander W O'Donnell, Girish Lala, Bonnie L Barber
Social networking sites (SNSs) are social platforms that facilitate communication. For adolescents, peers play a crucial role in constructing the self online through displays of group norms on SNSs. The current study investigated the role of online social identity (OSI) in the relationship between adolescent exposure to alcohol-related content posted by peers on SNSs and alcohol use. In a sample (N = 929) of Australian adolescents (Age M = 17.25, SD = 0.31) higher levels of exposure to alcohol-related content on SNSs was associated with higher levels of alcohol use...
June 2, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571171/a-goal-unrealized-patient-empowerment-on-hand-hygiene-a-web-based-survey-from-india
#18
S Vijayalakshmi, S Ramkumar, K A Narayan, P Vaithiyanathan
INTRODUCTION: Each year, millions of patients around the world are affected by Health Care Associated Infections (HCAIs). Understanding and assessing the global burden of HCAI is one of the key areas of work to improve the hand hygiene. AIM: To assess the patient empowerment and awareness on hand hygiene among online users. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A web-based cross-sectional survey was conducted during September 2013 to December 2013 among adults...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562145/exploring-educational-interventions-to-facilitate-health-professional-students-professionally-safe-online-presence
#19
Marcus A Henning, Susan Hawken, Joanna MacDonald, Judy McKimm, Menna Brown, Helen Moriarty, Sue Gasquoine, Kwong Chan, Jo Hilder, Tim Wilkinson
OBJECTIVE: To establish the most effective approach and type of educational intervention for health professional students, to enable them to maintain a professionally safe online presence. METHOD: This was a qualitative, multinational, multi-institutional, multiprofessional study. Practical considerations (availability of participants) led us to use a combination of focus groups and individual interviews, strengthening our findings by triangulating our method of data collection...
May 31, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556677/a-review-of-physical-activity-interventions-delivered-via-facebook
#20
David A Ferrer, Rebecca Ellis
BACKGROUND: The use of social networking sites to deliver behavioural interventions is becoming more prevalent. The purpose of this review was to systematically evaluate the published research to determine the effectiveness Facebook delivered interventions for promoting physical activity behaviour change. METHODS: A search of interventions delivered via Facebook (as the primary delivery method or part of a multi-faceted intervention) in which physical activity was the primary or secondary outcome resulted in eight studies for review...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
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