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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578595/thymic-hyperplasia-associated-with-graves-disease-pathophysiology-and-proposed-management-algorithm
#1
Uzma Haider, Patrick Richards, Andrew Gianoukakis
BACKGROUND: The association between Graves' disease (GD) and thymic hyperplasia was first described in 1912 and has been reported numerous times thereafter. Thymic hyperplasia associated with GD presents as an incidental mediastinal mass on chest X- ray or Computerized tomography (CT). The pathogenesis of thymic hyperplasia in the setting of GD is unclear but seems to involve a complex interplay of hormonal and immunological mechanisms. SUMMARY: Here we have reviewed the effect that thyroid hormones and autoimmunity have on thymic growth and size...
June 3, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538410/extrapleural-solitary-fibrous-tumor-in-thymic-area-a-case-report
#2
Eun Kyung Jung, Young Yoon Kim, Dong Hoon Lee, Kyung Hwa Lee, Joon Kyoo Lee
RATIONALE: Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare benign soft tissue mesenchymal neoplasm. There have been a few reports of extrapleural SFTs although it can occur anywhere in the body. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 30-year-old male presented with an anterior neck mass since one month. DIAGNOSES: Based on physical and radiologic examination, preliminary differential diagnosis was thymic neoplasm or intrathoracic goiter. INTERVENTIONS: We performed surgical excision of the neck mass...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429039/-true-thymic-hyperplasia-differential-diagnosis-of-thymic-mass-lesions-in-neonates-and-children
#3
C-A Weis, B Märkl, T Schuster, K Vollert, P Ströbel, A Marx
Reactive and neoplastic thymic pathologies are the main considerations in the case of masses in the anterior and middle part of the mediastinum, while neurogenic tumors are predominant in the posterior mediastinum (which are not dealt with here). In neonates and infants, the commonest pathologies in the anterior mediastinum comprise germ cell tumors (mainly teratomas), congenital thymic cysts and true thymic hyperplasia (TTH). In toddlers, teratomas, yolk sac tumors and cysts predominate. In children over 5 years of age, lymphomas are the commonest mass lesions whereas thymomas and thymic carcinomas are rare...
April 20, 2017: Der Pathologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224091/imaging-of-the-pediatric-thymus-clinicoradiologic-approach
#4
REVIEW
Smita Manchanda, Ashu S Bhalla, Manisha Jana, Arun K Gupta
The thymus is a lymphatic organ that undergoes dynamic changes with age and disease. It is important to be familiar with these physiological changes in the thymus gland to be able to identify pathology and make an accurate diagnosis. The thymus may be involved in multisystem disorders or show focal isolated lesions. The aim of this article is to review the radiological anatomy of the thymus, normal variants, and pathology including hyperplasia and benign/malignant lesions involving the thymus gland in the pediatric age group...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147469/thymoma-and-synchronous-primary-mediastinal-seminomas-with-florid-follicular-lymphoid-hyperplasia-in-the-anterior-mediastinum-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Hyang-Im Lee, In-Seok Jang, Kyung Nyeo Jeon, Gyung Hyuck Ko, Jong Sil Lee, Dong Chul Kim, Dae Hyun Song, Jeong-Hee Lee
Thymoma is the most common neoplasm of the anterior mediastinum and has malignant potential. Germ cell tumors (GCTs) found in the anterior mediastinum are usually benign, and malignant GCTs, such as seminomas, are rare. Histologically, mediastinal seminoma is indistinguishable from testicular seminoma except for site-associated morphological features such as lymphoid follicular hyperplasia. Therefore, excluding metastasis is very important. Recently, we treated a young adult patient with multiple thymic masses that occurred simultaneously...
March 2017: Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121481/robotic-thymectomy-learning-curve-and-associated-perioperative-outcomes
#6
Mohamed K Kamel, Mohamed Rahouma, Brendon M Stiles, Abu Nasar, Nasser K Altorki, Jeffrey L Port
INTRODUCTION: Recently, robotic-assisted thymectomy (RAT) has emerged as an alternative to either, an open transsternal approach or to a video-assisted thoracoscopic approach, for both thymic tumors and benign lesions. We have reviewed our early experience with RAT to assess the associated learning curve as well as the short-term perioperative outcomes. METHODS: A prospectively collected database was reviewed for patients who underwent RAT for all causes in the period 2012-2016...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033154/malignant-melanoma-in-association-with-a-thymic-nevus-in-a-patient-with-a-giant-congenital-nevus
#7
Yulia Shvartser-Beryozkin, Alexander Yakobson, Daniel Benharroch, Milton Saute, Meora Feinmesser
Nevi and melanocytic proliferations are known to appear in multiple extracutaneous sites, including lymph nodes and meninges. We report a case of an anterior mediastinal mass in a patient with a giant congenital nevus and neurofibromatosis type I. Histologically, the tumor was found to be a malignant melanoma in the thymus arising in association with a nevus that involved most of the thymic tissue. There was no sign of cutaneous melanoma on skin examination. We suggest that the tumor originated from the benign nevus in the thymus, a rare extracutaneous location for nevi and malignant melanoma...
December 28, 2016: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942480/diagnostic-imaging-of-benign-and-malignant-neck-masses-in-children-a-pictorial-review
#8
REVIEW
Ruth Elizabeth Brown, Srikrishna Harave
Neck masses are frequently encountered in pediatric medicine, and can present a diagnostic dilemma for the clinicians involved. There are several means by which neck masses in children can be subdivided, for example by age at presentation, anatomical location including compartments and fascia of the neck, their classical appearance when imaged, or by etiology. When imaging children the clinicians must be mindful of radiation exposure and as such ultrasound (US) is often attempted first. Cross sectional imaging can be helpful for problem solving with CT being particularly useful for assessing the patient in more acute scenarios, for example when there is airway compromise...
October 2016: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941539/primary-salivary-gland-type-tumors-of-the-thymus
#9
REVIEW
Neda Kalhor, Annikka Weissferdt, Cesar A Moran
The existence of primary salivary gland type tumors (SGTs), similar to those occurring in the major salivary glands, is well known in the thoracic cavity. When they occur in this anatomic area, these tumors more commonly arise from the lung. However, the existence of these tumors primarily affecting the thymus, although recognized in the literature, is rather not well documented or known. In addition, contrary to the primary lung SGTs, which are predominantly of the malignant type, these tumors when occur in thymus encompass a wider spectrum of biology ranging from benign to low grade, and high grade malignancy...
January 2017: Advances in Anatomic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27116848/thyroid-hemiagenesis-from-childhood-to-adulthood-review-of-literature-and-personal-experience
#10
REVIEW
Vincenzo De Sanctis, Ashraf T Soliman, Salvatore Di Maio, Heba Elsedfy, Nada A Soliman, Rania Elalaily
Thyroid hemiagenesis (TH) is a rare congenital abnormality of the thyroid gland, characterised by the absence of one lobe. The true prevalence of this congenital abnormality is not known because the absence of one thyroid lobe usually does not cause clinical symptoms by itself. Between 1970 and 2010, 329 cases of TH have been reported. It is interesting to note that most cases have an agenesis of the left lobe (80% of cases) followed by the isthmus (44-50% of cases). Although the female to male ratio was 1:1...
March 2016: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27097982/hsp27-and-70-expression-in-thymic-epithelial-tumors-and-benign-thymic-alterations-diagnostic-prognostic-and-physiologic-implications
#11
S Janik, A I Schiefer, C Bekos, P Hacker, T Haider, J Moser, W Klepetko, L Müllauer, H J Ankersmit, B Moser
Thymic Epithelial Tumors (TETs), the most common tumors in the anterior mediastinum in adults, show a unique association with autoimmune Myasthenia Gravis (MG) and represent a multidisciplinary diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Neither risk factors nor established biomarkers for TETs exist. Predictive and diagnostic markers are urgently needed. Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are upregulated in several malignancies promoting tumor cell survival and metastases. We performed immunohistochemical staining of HSP27 and 70 in patients with TETs (n = 101) and patients with benign thymic alterations (n = 24)...
April 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26930331/thymoma-with-an-incidental-benign-laryngeal-mass-mimicking-laryngeal-carcinoma-case-report
#12
Gokce Simsek, Istemihan Akin, Cem Saka, Fulya Koybasioglu
Thymic carcinomas are rarely seen. Because of recurrent laryngeal nerve involvement, hoarseness is a common presenting symptom. Persistent hoarseness in a male smoker past his fifth decade is also a distinctive symptom for laryngeal carcinoma. Stroboscopic laryngeal examination and biopsy are required for the diagnosis. In this article we describe a case involving a patient with thymic carcinoma who, interestingly, also presented with a benign laryngeal mass with unilateral vocal fold fixation. We emphasize the importance of keeping in mind nonlaryngeal pathologies invading the recurrent laryngeal nerve in patients with persistent hoarseness and a nonspesific laryngeal mass...
February 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26730000/video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-of-mediastinal-cysts-report-of-13-cases
#13
Yener Aydin, Omer Araz, Mesut Ozgokce, Ilker Ince, Fatih Alper, Atilla Eroglu
Mediastinal cysts are rare anomalies. The purposes of this study were to present our experience with mediastinal cysts, which were thoracoscopically treated in our clinic, and to discuss our findings along with those from the literature. We retrospectively investigated 13 patients who were diagnosed and thoracoscopically treated for mediastinal cysts in our clinic between January 2008 and December 2011. Seven patients were female and six were male. The average age of the patients was 41.3 ± 20.3 (7-82 years old)...
December 2015: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26700357/pitfalls-in-the-imaging-and-interpretation-of-benign-thymic-lesions-how-thymic-mri-can-help
#14
REVIEW
Micheal C McInnis, Efren J Flores, Jo-Anne O Shepard, Jeanne B Ackman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26604114/mri-guided-percutaneous-biopsy-of-mediastinal-masses-using-a-large-bore-magnet-technical-feasibility
#15
J Garnon, N Ramamurthy, J Caudrelier J, G Erceg, E Breton, G Tsoumakidou, P Rao, A Gangi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy and safety of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided percutaneous biopsy of mediastinal masses performed using a wide-bore high-field scanner. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 16 consecutive patients (8 male, 8 female; mean age 74 years) who underwent MRI-guided core needle biopsy of a mediastinal mass between February 2010 and January 2014. Size and location of lesion, approach taken, time for needle placement, overall duration of procedure, and post-procedural complications were evaluated...
May 2016: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26581569/mucinous-cystic-tumor-with-ck20-and-cdx2-expression-of-the-thymus-is-this-a-benign-counterpart-of-adenocarcinoma-of-the-thymus-enteric-type
#16
Jun Akiba, Hiroshi Harada, Shintaro Yokoyama, Toshihiro Hashiguchi, Akihiko Kawahara, Masahiro Mitsuoka, Shinzo Takamori, Hirohisa Yano
Primary thymic adenocarcinoma is extremely rare. Moreover, thymic pure epithelial benign neoplasms are extremely rare. We encountered a cystic tumor almost purely composed of goblet cell-like mucus-producing cells of the thymus. A mass lesion of the mediastinum was detected in a 54-year-old man. The gross specimen presented a unilocular cystic lesion containing abundant mucin, measuring 8 × 5.5 × 4.5 cm. Microscopic examination revealed a cystic tumor consisting of bland mucus-producing cells resembling goblet cells and forming tiny daughter cysts within the dense fibrous capsule...
January 2016: Pathology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26564120/vipoma-with-multiple-endocrine-neoplasia-type-1-identified-as-an-atypical-gene-mutation
#17
Atsushi Fujiya, Makoto Kato, Taiga Shibata, Hiroshi Sobajima
A 47-year-old man presented with persistent diarrhoea and hypokalaemia. CT revealed 4 pancreatic tumours that appeared to be VIPomas, because the patient had an elevated plasma vasoactive intestinal polypeptide level. MRI showed a low-intensity area in the pituitary suggestive of a pituitary tumour, and a parathyroid tumour was detected by ultrasonography and 99Tc-MIBI scintigraphy. Given these results, the patient was diagnosed with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) and scheduled for surgery. MEN1 is an autosomal dominant disorder associated with MEN1 mutations...
2015: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26434861/diffusion-weighted-imaging-can-distinguish-benign-from-malignant-mediastinal-tumors-and-mass-lesions-comparison-with-positron-emission-tomography
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Katsuo Usuda, Sumiko Maeda, Nozomu Motono, Masakatsu Ueno, Makoto Tanaka, Yuichiro Machida, Munetaka Matoba, Naoto Watanabe, Hisao Tonami, Yoshimichi Ueda, Motoyasu Sagawa
BACKGROUND: Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) makes it possible to detect malignant tumors based on the diffusion of water molecules. It is uncertain whether DWI is more useful than positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) for distinguishing benign from malignant mediastinal tumors and mass lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen malignant mediastinal tumors (thymomas 7, thymic cancers 3, malignant lymphomas 3, malignant germ cell tumors 2, and thymic carcinoid 1) and 12 benign mediastinal tumors or mass lesions were assessed in this study...
2015: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26266777/primary-thymic-cholesteroloma-a-clinicopathological-correlation-of-four-cases-of-an-unusual-benign-lesion
#19
Annikka Weissferdt, Neda Kalhor, Cesar Moran
Four cases of an unusual thymic lesion characterized by the presence of extensive cholesterol cleft granulomata are presented. The patients were four men between the ages of 58 and 71 years (average 64.5 years). The anterior mediastinal masses were discovered during radiological evaluation, in one patient for cardiac disease and one for Barrett's esophagus. Another patient was symptomatic with cough and dyspnea while the fourth was asymptomatic and the lesion was discovered during routine chest imaging. Complete surgical resection was performed in all four patients...
November 2015: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26265159/giant-thymolipoma-a-rare-case-presentation
#20
Atanu Goswami, Amarjyoti Rai Baruah
Thymolipoma is an unusual benign tumor of the mediastinum, comprising 2%-9% of thymic neoplasms. Most presentations are atypical. Here we present the case of a 68-year-old man with effort intolerance and fatigue for 4 months. Computed tomography of the chest revealed a lipomatous mass in the anterior mediastinum and bilateral hemithoraces. There were atelectatic changes in both lungs. The tumor was resected via a midline sternotomy. The patient had to be ventilated for 3 days postoperatively. The histopathological diagnosis was pleomorphic thymolipoma...
February 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
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