keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Long stay

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088426/propensity-matched-comparison-of-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-with-thoracotomy-lobectomy-for-locally-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#1
Kezhong Chen, Xun Wang, Fan Yang, Jianfeng Li, Guanchao Jiang, Jun Liu, Jun Wang
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated whether video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer could be performed safely and with acceptable long-term outcomes by our improved technique and compared with standard thoracotomy lobectomy in a well-balanced population. METHODS: Patients with clinical stage II and III A non-small cell lung cancers who received lobectomy were reviewed. Video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomies were all performed with Wang's technique by the surgeons who had overcome the learning curve and achieved proficiency...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087113/video-assisted-thoracoscopic-diaphragm-plication-using-a-running-suture-technique-is-durable-and-effective
#2
David S Demos, Mark F Berry, Leah M Backhus, Joseph B Shrager
OBJECTIVE: Surgeons have hesitated to adopt minimally invasive diaphragm plication techniques because of technical limitations rendering the procedure cumbersome or leading to early failure or reduced efficacy. We sought to demonstrate efficacy and durability of our thoracoscopic plication technique using a single running suture. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent our technique for diaphragm plication since 2008. We used a single, buttressed, double-layered, to-and-fro running suture with additional plicating horizontal mattress sutures as needed...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075489/cough-augmentation-techniques-for-extubation-or-weaning-critically-ill-patients-from-mechanical-ventilation
#3
REVIEW
Louise Rose, Neill Kj Adhikari, David Leasa, Dean A Fergusson, Douglas McKim
BACKGROUND: There are various reasons why weaning and extubation failure occur, but ineffective cough and secretion retention can play a significant role. Cough augmentation techniques, such as lung volume recruitment or manually- and mechanically-assisted cough, are used to prevent and manage respiratory complications associated with chronic conditions, particularly neuromuscular disease, and may improve short- and long-term outcomes for people with acute respiratory failure. However, the role of cough augmentation to facilitate extubation and prevent post-extubation respiratory failure is unclear...
January 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074277/patient-reported-outcomes-for-acute-gallstone-pathology
#4
Ed Parkin, Martyn Stott, Joy Brockbank, Simon Galloway, Ian Welch, Andrew Macdonald
BACKGROUND: A number of prominent surgical trials and clinical guidelines regard length of hospital stay and rates of daycase surgery as being of upmost importance following cholecystectomy. However, it is unclear whether these outcomes also matter to patients. This study aimed to identify the factors patients regard as most important when admitted with acute gallstone pathology. METHODS: A 41-item survey was produced by combining outcomes assessed in recent clinical trials with results from a preliminary patient questionnaire...
January 10, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069914/survival-analysis-of-weekend-emergency-medical-admissions
#5
Richard Conway, Sean Cournane, Declan Byrne, Deirdre O'Riordan, Bernard Silke
BACKGROUND: We previously reported weekend emergency admissions to have a higher mortality; we have now examined the time profile of deaths, by weekday or weekend admission, in all emergency medical patients admitted between 2002 - 2014. METHODS: We divided admissions by a weekday or weekend (After 17.00 Friday-Sunday) hospital arrival. We examined survival following an admission using Cox proportional hazard models and Kaplan-Meier time to event analysis. RESULTS: 82,368 admissions were recorded in 44,628 patients...
January 9, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069399/costs-and-resource-use-following-defunctioning-stoma-in-low-anterior-resection-for-cancer-a-long-term-analysis-of-a-randomized-multicenter-trial
#6
H Floodeen, O Hallböök, L A Hagberg, P Matthiessen
BACKGROUND: Defunctioning stoma in low anterior resection (LAR) for rectal cancer can prevent major complications, but overall cost-effectiveness for the healthcare provider is unknown. This study compared inpatient healthcare resources and costs within 5 years of LAR between two randomized groups of patients undergoing LAR with and without defunctioning stoma. METHOD: Five-year follow-up of a randomized, multicenter trial on LAR (NCT 00636948) with (stoma; n = 116) or without (no stoma; n = 118) defunctioning stoma comparing inpatient healthcare resources and costs...
December 21, 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069270/treatment-of-subcutaneous-abscesses-in-children-with-incision-and-loop-drainage-a-simplified-method-of-care
#7
Charles J Aprahamian, Hilana Nashad, Nerina DiSomma, Breanna Elger, Joseph Esparaz, Thomas McMorrow, Alexandria Shadid, Angie Kao, Mark J Holterman, Robert C Kanard, Richard H Pearl
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to expand on our previous report of 115 patients after more than a decade-long experience using incision and loop drainage for pediatric subcutaneous abscess management. This report comprises the largest consecutive series of pediatric abscess patients from a single institution ever recorded. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed of all pediatric patients who underwent incision and loop drainage of subcutaneous abscesses at our institution between January 2002 and December 2014...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068789/pragmatic-trial-of-video-education-in-nursing-homes-the-design-and-rationale-for-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomized-trial-in-the-nursing-home-setting
#8
Vincent Mor, Angelo E Volandes, Roee Gutman, Constantine Gatsonis, Susan L Mitchell
Background/Aims Nursing homes are complex healthcare systems serving an increasingly sick population. Nursing homes must engage patients in advance care planning, but do so inconsistently. Video decision support tools improved advance care planning in small randomized controlled trials. Pragmatic trials are increasingly employed in health services research, although not commonly in the nursing home setting to which they are well-suited. This report presents the design and rationale for a pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial that evaluated the "real world" application of an Advance Care Planning Video Program in two large US nursing home healthcare systems...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068667/breeding-site-sampling-across-the-arctic-by-individual-males-of-a-polygynous-shorebird
#9
Bart Kempenaers, Mihai Valcu
Males of many polygynous species compete for access to fertile females without providing them with resources other than sperm and without investing in care for the offspring (male dominance polygyny). In such systems, local competition for access to females is intense and typically only a few males obtain matings, leading to strong sexual selection. Sampling multiple breeding areas could then provide a mechanism for males to increase their chances to reproduce. However, little is known about such sampling behaviour and about the spatial scale at which males compete...
January 9, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068415/same-day-discharge-versus-overnight-stay-in-the-hospital-following-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-patients-with-stable-coronary-artery-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
Pravesh Kumar Bundhun, Mohammad Zafooruddin Sani Soogund, Wei-Qiang Huang
BACKGROUND: New research in interventional cardiology has shown the demand for percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) to have increased tremendously. Effective treatment with a lower hospital cost has been the aim of several PCI capable centers. This study aimed to compare the adverse clinical outcomes associated with same day discharge versus overnight stay in the hospital following PCI in a population of randomized patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: The National Library of Medicine (MEDLINE/PubMed), the Cochrane Registry of Randomized Controlled Trials and EMBASE databases were searched (from March to June 2016) for randomized trials comparing same-day discharge versus overnight stay in the hospital following PCI...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067857/impact-of-a-transition-from-respiratory-virus-shell-vial-to-multiplex-pcr-on-clinical-outcomes-and-cost-in-hospitalized-children
#11
Pui-Ying Iroh Tam, Lei Zhang, Zohara Cohen
While respiratory virus PCR panel (RVPP) is more expensive than shell vial (SV) cell culture, it has been shown to reduce unnecessary diagnostic procedures, decrease the inappropriate use of antimicrobials, and shorten the hospital length of stay (LOS). We therefore hypothesized that, for hospitalized children, RVPP would be associated with improved clinical outcomes but higher hospital charges than SV cell culture. We performed a retrospective cohort study of hospitalized children. Multivariate analysis was performed, and p-values were calculated...
January 7, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066598/left-thoracotomy-for-middle-or-lower-thoracic-esophageal-carcinoma-still-sweet-enough
#12
Zhi-Qiang Wang, Wen-Ping Wang, Yong Yuan, Yang Hu, Jun Peng, Yun-Cang Wang, Long-Qi Chen
BACKGROUND: Esophagectomy via left thoracotomy (the Sweet procedure) has long been the conventional route for resection of esophageal carcinoma, especially in China. However, this procedure is being increasingly critiqued, mainly regarding the lymphadenectomy. The objective of this study was to compare the Sweet procedure with the right upper mediastinal lymph node resection (MS) and Ivor-Lewis (IL) procedure in the treatment of middle or lower thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC-MLT) in terms of lymphadenectomy, postoperative complications, and long-term survival...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061910/use-of-noninvasive-ventilation-in-immunocompromised-patients-with-acute-respiratory-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Hui-Bin Huang, Biao Xu, Guang-Yun Liu, Jian-Dong Lin, Bin Du
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory failure (ARF) remains a common hazardous complication in immunocompromised patients and is associated with increased mortality rates when endotracheal intubation is needed. We aimed to evaluate the effect of early noninvasive ventilation (NIV) compared with oxygen therapy alone in this patient population. METHODS: We searched for relevant studies in MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane database up to 25 July 2016. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included if they reported data on any of the predefined outcomes in immunocompromised patients managed with NIV or oxygen therapy alone...
January 7, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059973/long-term-survival-based-on-the-surgical-approach-to-lobectomy-for-clinical-stage-i-nonsmall-cell-lung-cancer-comparison-of-robotic-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-and-thoracotomy-lobectomy
#14
Hao-Xian Yang, Kaitlin M Woo, Camelia S Sima, Manjit S Bains, Prasad S Adusumilli, James Huang, David J Finley, Nabil P Rizk, Valerie W Rusch, David R Jones, Bernard J Park
OBJECTIVE: To compare the long-term outcomes among robotic, video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS), and open lobectomy in stage I nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC). BACKGROUND: Survival comparisons between robotic, VATS, and open lobectomy in NSCLC have not yet been reported. Some studies have suggested that survival after VATS is superior, for unclear reasons. METHODS: Three cohorts (robotic, VATS, and open) of clinical stage I NSCLC patients were matched by propensity score and compared to assess overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS)...
February 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058720/an-observational-study-of-community-acquired-severe-sepsis-comparing-intensive-care-and-non-intensive-care-patients
#15
S T Nygård, S Skrede, N Langeland, H K Flaatten
BACKGROUND: Most studies of sepsis are from intensive care units (ICUs). We aimed to investigate community-acquired severe sepsis in a broader population, in order to compare patients treated in or outside an ICU . METHODS: We performed a 1-year prospective observational study with enrollment of patients from three units; a general ICU, a combined ICU/non-ICU and a medical ward with limited surveillance facilities. Hospital survivors were followed up for 5 years...
January 6, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058528/prevalence-predictors-and-outcomes-of-steroid-induced-hyperglycemia-in-hospitalized-patients-with-hematologic-malignancies
#16
Sara J Healy, Haikady N Nagaraja, Dhuha Alwan, Kathleen M Dungan
To determine prevalence, predictors, and outcomes of steroid-induced hyperglycemia in hospitalized patients with hematologic malignancies METHODS: We performed retrospective analysis of patients who were hospitalized on any of the four hematology services or bone marrow transplant service and who received systemic steroids during a 2-month period. Mean glucoses for days 1-4 and maximum glucose were calculated and the total daily steroid dose was converted to equivalent dose of dexamethasone. Hyperglycemia was defined as any glucose >9...
January 6, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058472/partial-splenectomy-is-superior-to-total-splenectomy-for-selected-patients-with-hemangiomas-or-cysts
#17
Lei Wang, Jianwei Xu, Feng Li, Hanxiang Zhan, Han Liu, Wei Chen, Sanyuan Hu
BACKGROUND: The superiority of partial splenectomy (PS) as a treatment for benign tumors has not well been confirmed. This study aimed to identify the short- and long-term outcomes of PS, to compare laparoscopic and laparotomic PS, and to demonstrate whether the effects of PS are superior to that of total splenectomy (TS). METHODS: Patients with either a hemangioma or cyst who underwent PS or TS from 2009 to 2015 at Qilu Hospital of Shandong University were included...
January 5, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057593/mortality-and-outcome-comparison-between-brain-tissue-oxygen-combined-intracranial-pressure-cerebral-perfusion-pressure-guided-therapy-and-intracranial-pressure-cerebral-perfusion-pressure-guided-therapy-in-traumatic-brain-injury-a-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Qiang Xie, Hai-Bing Wu, Yu-Feng Yan, Meng Liu, Er-Song Wang
BACKGROUND: The combination of brain tissue oxygen and standard intracranial pressure/cerebral perfusion pressure (ICP/CPP) guided therapy is thought to improve traumatic brain injury (TBI) prognosis compared with standard ICP/CPP guided therapy. However, related results of previous observational studies and recently published cohort studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) remain controversial. The objective was to compare the effect of combined therapy with that of standard ICP/CPP guided therapy on mortality rate, favorable outcome, ICP/CPP, and length of stay (LOS)...
January 2, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054896/staged-or-combined-approach-for-carotid-endarterectomy-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-5-year-long-experience
#19
Kursad Oz, Ünal Aydın, Mugisha Kyaruzi, Zeynep Karaman, Onur Selçuk Göksel, Mehmet Yeniterzi, Ihsan Bakir
BACKGROUND: Optimal surgical approach for patients with hemodynamically significant carotid and coronary disease remains controversial. We analyzed our 5-year experience and compared early and long-term outcome following staged and combined carotid and coronary artery bypass. METHODS: 312 consecutive patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy and coronary artery bypass between 2008 and 2013 were prospectively enrolled in the study. Patients were scheduled for a staged (carotid endarterectomy followed by coronary artery bypass within 1 week) procedure (Group S) unless they were unstable in terms of cardiac status (were deemed to a combined procedure; Group C)...
7, 2016: Heart Surgery Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054356/impact-of-a-peri-operative-quality-improvement-programme-on-postoperative-pulmonary-complications
#20
J A Moore, D H Conway, N Thomas, D Cummings, D Atkinson
Postoperative pulmonary complications are common, with a reported incidence of 2-40%, and are associated with adverse outcomes that include death, longer hospital stay and reduced long-term survival. Enhanced recovery is now a standard of care for patients undergoing elective major surgery. Despite the high prevalence of pulmonary complications in this population, few elements of enhanced recovery specifically address reducing these complications. In 2013, a prevalence audit confirmed a postoperative pulmonary complication rate of 16/83 (19...
January 4, 2017: Anaesthesia
keyword
keyword
118148
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"