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pulp, paper mill, cancer

Emma Hoffman, Judith R Guernsey, Tony R Walker, Jong Sung Kim, Kate Sherren, Pantelis Andreou
Air toxics are airborne pollutants known or suspected to cause cancer or other serious health effects, including certain volatile organic compounds (VOCs), prioritized by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). While several EPA-designated air toxics are monitored at a subset of Canadian National Air Pollution Surveillance (NAPS) sites, Canada has no specific "air toxics" control priorities. Although pulp and paper (P&P) mills are major industrial emitters of air pollutants, few studies quantified the spectrum of air quality exposures...
September 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Pablo Ruiz-Rudolph, Nelson Arias, Sandra Pardo, Marianne Meyer, Stephanie Mesías, Claudio Galleguillos, Irene Schiattino, Luis Gutiérrez
Chile suffers significant pollution from large industrial emitters associated with the mining, metal processing, paper production, and energy industries. The aim of this research was to determine whether the presence of large industrial facilities (i.e. coal- and oil-fired power plants, pulp and paper mills, mining facilities, and smelters) affects mortality and morbidity rates in Chile. For this, we conducted an ecological study that used Chilean communes as small-area observation units to assess mortality and morbidity...
July 2016: Environment International
Gary G Schwartz, Abe E Sahmoun
OBJECTIVE: Ovarian cancer is primarily a disease of the industrialized world. However, few factors associated with industrialization that contribute to the etiology of ovarian cancer have been identified. We sought to explore factors potentially associated with ovarian cancer by correlating ovarian cancer incidence rates in US states with the distribution of US manufacturing. METHODS: Data on age-adjusted incidence rates for ovarian cancer per state in the United States and manufacturing rates per state were analyzed using multiple linear regression controlling for access to ovarian cancer care, fertility rate, and other potential confounders...
February 2014: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Eva Andersson, Håkan Westberg, Ing-Liss Bryngelsson, Anders Magnuson, Bodil Persson
PURPOSE: Associations between various malignancies and work in the pulp and paper industry have been reported but mostly in analyses of mortality rather than incidence. We aimed to study cancer incidence by main mill pulping process, department and gender in a Swedish cohort of pulp and paper mill workers. METHODS: The cohort (18,113 males and 2,292 females, enrolled from 1939 to 1999 with >1 year of employment) was followed up for cancer incidence from 1958 to 2001...
July 2013: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Sai Yi Pan, Howard Morrison, Laurie Gibbons, Jia Zhou, Shi Wu Wen, Marie DesMeules, Yang Mao
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between breast cancer risk and residential proximity to paper mills, pulp mills, petroleum refineries, steel mills, thermal power plants, alum smelters, nickel smelters, lead smelters, copper smelters, and zinc smelters was assessed. METHODS: We conducted a population-based case-control study of 2343 cases with breast cancer and 2467 controls using residential proximity at some time between 1960 and 5 years before the completion of questionnaire in Canada...
May 2011: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Colin L Soskolne, Lee E Sieswerda
Pulp and paper mills use a variety of chemical substances potentially hazardous to human health. Compounds of both short- and long-term toxicological significance are found in workplaces, air emissions, and water effluent. In this paper we evaluate the body of published literature on cancer associated with working in pulp and paper mills as well as in surrounding communities. Multiple comparisons, questionable statistical power, and the absence of individual exposure assessments have resulted in non-corroborative findings over the years...
2010: Chronic Diseases in Canada
Shirley A Huchcroft, Yang Mao, Robert Semenciw
This Chronic Diseases in Canada supplement is a compilation of literature reviews by scientific experts. It was initiated as follow-up to the Green Plan, the federal government's environmental agenda in the 1990s. In recognizing that Canadians are concerned about the environment and its relationship to their health, this document attempts to address some of these concerns in relation to cancer by reviewing and summarizing the epidemiological literature for ten environmental exposures, and highlighting future research needs...
2010: Chronic Diseases in Canada
T N Ungurianu, S M Novikov, R V Buzinov, A B Gudkov
to assess an effect of chemical contaminants contained in emissions of pulp and paper mill on prevalence respiratory and cardiovascular diseases in population of Novodvinsk. The average annual concentrations of chemicals of concern were calculated by modeling. A prevalence of population was studied by using of the primary medical documentation in sex among children from 0 to 17 and adults from 65 and older Hazard index (HIi) was used to assess the non-cancer health effects. Unit risk was used to calculate individual cancer risk (CR)...
July 2010: Gigiena i Sanitariia
Eva Andersson, Bodil Persson, Ing-Liss Bryngelsson, Anders Magnuson, Håkan Westberg
PURPOSE: To study cancer mortality among Swedish pulp and paper mill workers by main mill pulping process and department, and to present the Swedish part of an international exposure measurements database. METHODS: A cohort of 18,163 male and 2,290 female workers at four sulfate and four sulfite mills, enrolled from 1939 to 1999, was followed up for mortality during 1952-2001. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) relative to the general Swedish population were calculated...
February 2010: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
H Langseth, B V Johansen, J M Nesland, K Kjaerheim
An elevated risk of ovarian cancer has been observed in Norwegian pulp and paper workers who were possibly occupationally exposed to asbestos. The present study was initiated to investigate if the increased risk could be associated with asbestos fibers in ovarian tissue from workers in this industry. Normal ovarian tissue specimens from three groups of women were included in the study. The case group included specimens from 46 women diagnosed with ovarian cancer in the period 1953-2000, and who had been working in one or more pulp and paper mills between 1920 and 1993...
January 2007: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Michael G Ikonomou, Marc P Fernandez, Zachary L Hickman
Congener-specific levels of PBDEs were measured in the livers and some muscle tissues of Dungeness crab (Cancer magister), English sole (Pleuronectes vetulus) and spiny dogfish (Squalus acanthias). Highest concentrations (1,200-560 ng/g lipid) were found in crab collected near heavily urbanized areas (pop. approximately 0.3-1.8 million), followed by moderate levels at pulp/paper mills sites ( approximately 150 ng/g), and lowest levels occurred in areas that were somewhat removed from industrial/populated areas (< 24 ng/g)...
March 2006: Environmental Pollution
Hilde Langseth, Kristina Kjaerheim
OBJECTIVES: A cohort study of female pulp and paper workers in Norway has shown a significantly increased risk of ovarian cancer. Other than the involvement of hormonal and reproductive factors, little is known of the etiology of ovarian cancer. Asbestos and talc are two agents hypothesized to influence the development of the disease. The present study aimed to investigate the association between ovarian cancer and occupational exposure to asbestos, talc, and total dust among Norwegian pulp and paper workers...
October 2004: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
K Korhonen, T Liukkonen, W Ahrens, G Astrakianakis, P Boffetta, A Burdorf, D Heederik, T Kauppinen, M Kogevinas, P Osvoll, B A Rix, A Saalo, J Sunyer, I Szadkowska-Stanczyk, K Teschke, H Westberg, K Widerkiewicz
As part of an International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) international epidemiological study of workers in the pulp and paper industry, previously unpublished exposure measurements were assembled in a database. This article summarizes the results of 3,873 measurements carried out in the production departments of paper and paperboard mills and recycling plants in 12 countries. In the paper and paperboard mills, most of the agents were measured in the pulping and refining departments and in on-machine coating and winding of paper/paperboard...
October 2004: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Eva Andersson, Ralph Nilsson, Kjell Torén
BACKGROUND: The incidence of testicular cancer has increased in recent decades. The aims of the present study were to elucidate whether Swedish paper and pulp mill workers had an increased incidence of testicular cancer, and to investigate whether certain occupational groups within the pulp and paper mill workforce were at increased risk. METHODS: The study was based on the Swedish Cancer Environment Register, which links the incidence of cancer for the period 1971-1990 with 1960 and 1970 National Census data on specific industries and occupations for all employed subjects in Sweden...
June 2003: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Eva Andersson, Ralph Nilsson, Kjell Torén
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated whether previous findings of an increased risk of gliomas among workers in some pulp and paper mills could be confirmed for all Swedish pulp and paper mill workers and whether the increase could be attributed to certain occupational groups. METHODS: The study was based on the Swedish Cancer Environment Register, which links the incidence of cancer from 1971 to 1990 and the 1960 and 1970 census data on codes of occupation and industry for the whole population...
October 2002: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Won Jin Lee, Kay Teschke, Timo Kauppinen, Aage Andersen, Paavo Jäppinen, Irena Szadkowska-Stanczyk, Neil Pearce, Bodil Persson, Alain Bergeret, Luiz Augusto Facchini, Reiko Kishi, Danuta Kielkowski, Bo Andreassen Rix, Paul Henneberger, Jordi Sunyer, Didier Colin, Manolis Kogevinas, Paolo Boffetta
Our objective in this study was to evaluate the mortality of workers exposed to sulfur dioxide in the pulp and paper industry. The cohort included 57,613 workers employed for at least 1 year in the pulp and paper industry in 12 countries. We assessed exposure to SO(2) at the level of mill and department, using industrial hygiene measurement data and information from company questionnaires; 40,704 workers were classified as exposed to SO(2). We conducted a standardized mortality ratio (SMR) analysis based on age-specific and calendar period-specific national mortality rates...
October 2002: Environmental Health Perspectives
Timo Kauppinen, Kay Teschke, George Astrakianakis, Paolo Boffetta, Didier Colin, Anya Keefe, Kari Korhonen, Tuula Liukkonen, Anne-Marie Nicol, Brian Pannett, Håkan Westberg
A data management system and a department-exposure matrix (PAPDEM) was designed and constructed to facilitate exposure assessment for a large multinational study on cancer risks among pulp, paper, and paper product workers. Exposure to 25 major agents was described by prevalence, P (i.e., proportion of the exposed, classified %-range), and level, L (i.e., annual mean concentration at work, classified). Some agents could be assessed only in qualitative terms. The assessment was specific to mill, work department, agent, and time period...
May 2002: AIHA Journal: a Journal for the Science of Occupational and Environmental Health and Safety
Rafael Carel, Paolo Boffetta, Timo Kauppinen, Kay Teschke, Aage Andersen, Paavo Jäppinen, Neil Pearce, Bo Andreassen Rix, Alain Bergeret, David Coggon, Bodil Persson, Irena Szadkowska-Stanczyk, Danuta Kielkowski, Paul Henneberger, Reiko Kishi, Luiz Augusto Facchini, Maria Sala, Didier Colin, Manolis Kogevinas
We studied the mortality from lung and pleural cancers in a cohort of 62,937 male workers employed for at least 1 year in the pulp and paper industry in 13 countries during 1945 to 1996. Mill departments were classified according to probability and level of exposure to asbestos on the basis of available dust measurements and mill-specific information on exposure circumstances. Thirty-six percent of workers were classified as ever exposed to asbestos. Standardized mortality ratios of lung cancer were 0.99 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0...
June 2002: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Dave McLean, Didier Colin, Paolo Boffetta, Neil Pearce
AIMS: To evaluate mortality and cancer incidence in a cohort of workers employed in the New Zealand pulp and paper industry, and to identify the exposures responsible for any increased risk. METHODS: A total of 8456 workers employed for at least one year in three pulp and paper mills between 1978 and 1990 were followed up until 1992. The observed number of deaths and cancer cases was compared with expected numbers calculated using five-year age-specific rates for the New Zealand population...
April 26, 2002: New Zealand Medical Journal
P R Band, N D Le, R Fang, G Astrakianakis, J Bert, A Keefe, D Krewski
OBJECTIVES: A study was conducted to investigate cancer risks in a cohort of pulp and paper workers. METHODS: All male workers with > or =1 years of employment in 14 pulp and paper mills in 1950-1992 were studied. Standardized incidence ratios (SIR) were used to compare the cancer incidence of the cohort with that of the Canadian male population. Record linkage with the National Cancer Registry was performed using the generalized iterative record linkage method...
April 2001: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
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