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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779827/zika-virus-report-from-the-task-force-on-tropical-diseases-by-the-world-federation-of-societies-of-intensive-and-critical-care-medicine
#1
Gisele Sampaio Silva, Guy A Richards, Tim Baker, Jorge Hidalgo, Juan Ignacio Silesky Jiménez, Pravin Amin
Zika fever is an acute infectious disease caused by the Zika virus (ZIKV), an RNA virus belonging to the genus Flavivirus. ZIKV can be transmitted by bites from Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus species, sexual activity, blood transfusion and from mother to fetus during pregnancy and delivery. A total of 50 territories and countries in the Americas had reported ZIKV infections. For those with symptoms, the presentation is similar to dengue fever with body aches, joint pain, fatigue, malaise, fever and conjunctivitis lasting up to seven days...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763964/incidental-fetal-ultrasound-findings-interpretation-and-management
#2
Rebekah Kaplan, Sharon Adams
Ultrasonography is a common component of prenatal care worldwide and is often used in early pregnancy to determine gestational age, number of fetuses, fetal cardiac activity, and placental location. Patients and their families may also consider ultrasonography a social event, as it provides confirmation and reassurance of a normal pregnancy. Ultrasound screening is typically scheduled in the second trimester to visualize fetal anatomy and confirm gestational age. Most ultrasound examinations are reassuring, but some incidentally identify structural anomalies and soft markers for aneuploidy, making it necessary for health care providers to correctly interpret these findings...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752978/factors-that-influence-the-onset-of-parental-care-in-zebra-finches-roles-for-egg-stimuli-and-prolactin
#3
Kristina O Smiley, Elizabeth Adkins-Regan
Parental care is a critical component for determining reproductive success both for a current set of offspring but also over the lifetime of the individual. The hormone prolactin has often been implicated as a parental care hormone across taxa but causal relationships have only been strongly demonstrated in mammals and few select species of birds. For instance, in mammals, maternal care towards foster pups can be induced by exogenous treatment with prolactin, in concert with other reproductive hormones involved in pregnancy...
May 9, 2018: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751278/pregnancy-related-acute-kidney-injury-requiring-dialysis-as-an-indicator-of-severe-adverse-maternal-morbidity-at-a-tertiary-center-in-southwest-nigeria
#4
Ibraheem O Awowole, Oluseyi S Omitinde, Fatiu A Arogundade, Sekinah B Bola-Oyebamiji, Olumide A Adeniyi
OBJECTIVE: Despite being a Critical Intervention in the WHO Near-miss concept, the indications and clinical outcomes of patients with Pregnancy-Related Acute Kidney Injury (PRAKI) requiring dialysis at the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Nigeria remain unknown. This retrospective review was conducted to facilitate counselling, prognostication and introduction of preventative measures by providing contemporary data on the aetiology and clinical outcomes of women with PRAKI...
May 2, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750955/the-comparing-options-for-management-patient-centered-results-for-uterine-fibroids-compare-uf-registry-rationale-and-design
#5
Elizabeth A Stewart, Barbara L Lytle, Laine Thomas, Ganesa R Wegienka, Vanessa Jacoby, Michael P Diamond, Wanda K Nicholson, Raymond M Anchan, Sateria Venable, Kedra Wallace, Erica E Marsh, George L Maxwell, Bijan J Borah, William H Catherino, Evan R Myers
OBJECTIVE: To design and establish a uterine fibroid (UF) registry based in the United States (US) to provide comparative effectiveness data regarding UF treatment. STUDY DESIGN: We report here the design and initial recruitment for the Comparing Options for Management: Patient-centered Results for Uterine Fibroids (COMPARE-UF) registry (Clinicaltrials.gov, NCT02260752), funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) in collaboration with the-Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI)...
May 8, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750375/the-ontario-birth-study-a-prospective-pregnancy-cohort-study-integrating-perinatal-research-into-clinical-care
#6
Laura N Anderson, Julia A Knight, Rayjean J Hung, Sheryl L Hewko, Ryan A Seeto, Mary-Jean Martin, Alison Fleming, Jonathon L Maguire, Stephen G Matthews, Kellie E Murphy, Nan Okun, Jennifer M Jenkins, Stephen J Lye, Alan Bocking
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy and early childhood represent critical periods that impact health throughout the life-course. The Ontario Birth Study (OBS) is a pregnancy cohort study designed as a platform for research on pregnancy complications, maternal and infant health, and the developmental origins of health and disease. METHODS: Pregnant women <17 weeks gestational age were recruited between 2013 and 2015 from antenatal clinics at Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Canada...
May 11, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739630/extracorporeal-life-support-as-salvage-therapy-for-massive-pulmonary-embolus-and-cardiac-arrest-in-pregnancy
#7
Michael E Takacs, Kristina E Damisch
BACKGROUND: Massive pulmonary embolus (PE) with prolonged cardiac arrest in the setting of pregnancy has few treatment options. Selections are further restricted if there are contraindications to the standard therapies of embolectomy and thrombolysis. We report a case of extracorporeal life support (ECLS) used as salvage therapy for a critically ill pregnant patient. CASE REPORT: A 21-year-old woman presented to a small rural hospital with chest pain, dyspnea, hypoxia, and syncope...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731019/evolving-trends-in-the-epidemiology-risk-factors-and-prevention-of-type-2-diabetes-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Alanna Weisman, Ghazal S Fazli, Ashley Johns, Gillian L Booth
Currently, the global prevalence of diabetes is 8.8%. This figure is expected to increase worldwide, with the largest changes projected to occur in low- and middle-income countries. The aging of the world's population and substantial increases in obesity have contributed to the rise in diabetes. Global shifts in lifestyles have led to the adoption of unhealthy behaviours such as physical inactivity and poorer-quality diets. Correspondingly, diabetes is a rapidly-increasing problem in higher- as well as lower-income countries...
May 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728773/the-post-hapo-situation-with-gestational-diabetes-the-bright-and-dark-sides
#9
Annunziata Lapolla, Boyd E Metzger
AIM: In 2010, in light of the data coming from the HAPO study, the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) proposed a new detection strategy and diagnostic criteria for gestational diabetes based on a one-step approach with a 75 g OGTT. This review analyzes and discusses the bright and dark sides of their application. METHODS: The assessment of these recommendations by the international organizations involved in the care of gestational diabetes and a series of observational, retrospective and prospective studies that have been published since 2010 regarding the use of the IADPSG recommendations have been evaluated...
May 4, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728273/the-european-society-of-gynaecological-oncology-european-society-for-radiotherapy-and-oncology-european-society-of-pathology-guidelines-for-the-management-of-patients-with-cervical-cancer
#10
David Cibula, Richard Pötter, François Planchamp, Elisabeth Avall-Lundqvist, Daniela Fischerova, Christine Haie Meder, Christhardt Köhler, Fabio Landoni, Sigurd Lax, Jacob Christian Lindegaard, Umesh Mahantshetty, Patrice Mathevet, W Glenn McCluggage, Mary McCormack, Raj Naik, Remi Nout, Sandro Pignata, Jordi Ponce, Denis Querleu, Francesco Raspagliesi, Alexandros Rodolakis, Karl Tamussino, Pauline Wimberger, Maria Rosaria Raspollini
BACKGROUND: Despite significant advances in the screening, detection, and treatment of preinvasive cervical lesions, invasive cervical cancer is the fifth most common cancer in European women. There are large disparities in Europe and worldwide in the incidence, management, and mortality of cervical cancer. OBJECTIVE: The European Society of Gynaecological Oncology (ESGO), the European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology (ESTRO), and the European Society of Pathology (ESP) jointly develop clinically relevant and evidence-based guidelines in order to improve the quality of care for women with cervical cancer across Europe and worldwide...
April 12, 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727829/maternal-and-perinatal-outcomes-by-planned-place-of-birth-among-women-with-low-risk-pregnancies-in-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Vanessa L Scarf, Chris Rossiter, Saraswathi Vedam, Hannah G Dahlen, David Ellwood, Della Forster, Maralyn J Foureur, Helen McLachlan, Jeremy Oats, David Sibbritt, Charlene Thornton, Caroline S E Homer
BACKGROUND: The comparative safety of different birth settings is widely debated. Comparing research across high-income countries is complex, given differences in maternity service provision, data discrepancies, and varying research techniques and quality. Studies of births planned at home or in birth centres have reported both better and poorer outcomes than planned hospital births. Previous systematic reviews have focused on outcomes from either birth centres or home births, with inconsistent attention to quality appraisal...
April 3, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725757/the-european-society-of-gynaecological-oncology-european-society-for-radiotherapy-and-oncology-european-society-of-pathology-guidelines-for-the-management-of-patients-with-cervical-cancer
#12
David Cibula, Richard Pötter, François Planchamp, Elisabeth Avall-Lundqvist, Daniela Fischerova, Christine Haie-Meder, Christhardt Köhler, Fabio Landoni, Sigurd Lax, Jacob Christian Lindegaard, Umesh Mahantshetty, Patrice Mathevet, W Glenn McCluggage, Mary McCormack, Raj Naik, Remi Nout, Sandro Pignata, Jordi Ponce, Denis Querleu, Francesco Raspagliesi, Alexandros Rodolakis, Karl Tamussino, Pauline Wimberger, Maria Rosaria Raspollini
BACKGROUND: Despite significant advances in the screening, detection, and treatment of preinvasive cervical lesions, invasive cervical cancer is the fifth most common cancer in European women. There are large disparities in Europe and worldwide in the incidence, management, and mortality of cervical cancer. OBJECTIVE: The European Society of Gynecological Oncology (ESGO), the European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology (ESTRO), and the European Society of Pathology (ESP) jointly develop clinically relevant and evidence-based guidelines in order to improve the quality of care for women with cervical cancer across Europe and worldwide...
May 4, 2018: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714494/healthy-pregnancy-a-patient-centered-approach-to-counseling-and-behavioral-change
#13
Maria L Geisinger, Irina F Dragan, David C Alexander
Many current myths and outdated practices exist regarding dental care for pregnant women. Additionally, many medical care providers fail to check pregnant patients for dental problems and refer them for dental care. Therefore, it is critical that dental healthcare providers and their medical colleagues are well-informed of the risks and benefits of dental care throughout pregnancy and are equipped with the tools to discuss the importance of dental health with patients. Patient-centered interventions, such as motivational interviewing (MI), are effective tools to alter patient behaviors and fully engage patients as active participants in their care...
May 2018: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709411/-we-don-t-want-to-be-judged-perceptions-about-professional-help-and-attitudes-towards-help-seeking-among-pregnant-and-postpartum-mexican-american-adolescents
#14
Pamela Recto, Jane Dimmitt Champion
PURPOSE: The purpose of this qualitative study is to understand how depression is recognized, as well as perceptions of professional help and attitudes concerning perinatal depression among pregnant and postpartum (perinatal) Mexican-American adolescents. DESIGN AND METHODS: This qualitative descriptive study used deductive and inductive content analysis to analyze data. Categories and subcategories describing the mental health literacy of perinatal Mexican-American adolescents concerning perinatal depression are presented...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709055/interventions-for-investigating-and-identifying-the-causes-of-stillbirth
#15
REVIEW
Aleena M Wojcieszek, Emily Shepherd, Philippa Middleton, Glenn Gardener, David A Ellwood, Elizabeth M McClure, Katherine J Gold, Teck Yee Khong, Robert M Silver, Jan Jaap Hm Erwich, Vicki Flenady
BACKGROUND: Identification of the causes of stillbirth is critical to the primary prevention of stillbirth and to the provision of optimal care in subsequent pregnancies. A wide variety of investigations are available, but there is currently no consensus on the optimal approach. Given their cost and potential to add further emotional burden to parents, there is a need to systematically assess the effect of these interventions on outcomes for parents, including psychosocial outcomes, economic costs, and on rates of diagnosis of the causes of stillbirth...
April 30, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707205/timely-referral-saves-the-lives-of-mothers-and-newborns-midwifery-led-continuum-of-care-in-marginalized-teagarden-communities-a-qualitative-case-study-in-bangladesh
#16
Animesh Biswas, Rondi Anderson, Sathyanarayanan Doraiswamy, Abu Sayeed Md Abdullah, Nabila Purno, Fazlur Rahman, Abdul Halim
Background: Prompt and efficient identification, referral of pregnancy related complications and emergencies are key factors to the reduction of maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality. As a response to this critical need, a midwifery led continuum of reproductive health care was introduced in five teagardens in the Sylhet division, Bangladesh during 2016. Within this intervention, professional midwives provided reproductive healthcare to pregnant teagarden women in the community.  This study evaluates the effect of the referral of pregnancy related complications...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706030/preconception-management-of-thyroid-dysfunction
#17
Onyebuchi E Okosieme, Ishrat Khan, Peter N Taylor
Uncorrected thyroid dysfunction in pregnancy has well recognised deleterious effects on fetal and maternal health. The early gestation period is one of critical fetal vulnerability during which maternal thyroid dysfunction may have lasting repercussions. Accordingly, a pragmatic preconception strategy is key for ensuring optimal thyroid disease outcomes in pregnancy. Preconception planning in women with hypothyroidism should pre-empt and mirror the adaptive changes of the thyroid gland by careful levothyroxine dose adjustments to ensure adequate fetal thyroid hormone delivery in pregnancy...
April 29, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702718/a-critical-review-on-obstetric-follow-up-of-women-affected-by-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#18
Danilo Eduardo Abib Pastore, Maria Laura Costa, Mary Angela Parpinelli, Fernanda Garanhani Surita
OBJECTIVE:  To review the existing recommendations on the prenatal care of women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), based on currently available scientific evidence. METHODS:  An integrative review was performed by two independent researchers, based on the literature available in the MEDLINE (via PubMed), EMBASE and The Cochrane Library databases, using the medical subject headings (MeSH) terms "systemic lupus erythematosus" AND "high-risk pregnancy" OR "prenatal care...
April 27, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695299/emergency-transportation-interventions-for-reducing-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-protocol
#19
John Ehiri, Halimatou Alaofè, Ibitola Asaolu, Joy Chebet, Ekpereonne Esu, Martin Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: Transportation interventions seek to decrease delay in reaching a health facility for emergency obstetric care and are, thus, believed to contribute to reductions in such adverse pregnancy and childbirth outcomes as maternal deaths, stillbirths, and neonatal mortality in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, there is limited empirical evidence to support this hypothesis. The objective of the proposed review is to summarize and critically appraise evidence regarding the effect of emergency transportation interventions on outcomes of labor and delivery in LMICs...
April 25, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688967/the-european-society-of-gynaecological-oncology-european-society-for-radiotherapy-and-oncology-european-society-of-pathology-guidelines-for-the-management-of-patients-with-cervical-cancer
#20
David Cibula, Richard Pötter, François Planchamp, Elisabeth Avall-Lundqvist, Daniela Fischerova, Christine Haie Meder, Christhardt Köhler, Fabio Landoni, Sigurd Lax, Jacob Christian Lindegaard, Umesh Mahantshetty, Patrice Mathevet, W Glenn McCluggage, Mary McCormack, Raj Naik, Remi Nout, Sandro Pignata, Jordi Ponce, Denis Querleu, Francesco Raspagliesi, Alexandros Rodolakis, Karl Tamussino, Pauline Wimberger, Maria Rosaria Raspollini
BACKGROUND: Despite significant advances in the screening, detection, and treatment of preinvasive cervical lesions, invasive cervical cancer is the fifth most common cancer in European women. There are large disparities in Europe and worldwide in the incidence, management, and mortality of cervical cancer. OBJECTIVE: The European Society of Gynaecological Oncology (ESGO), the European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology (ESTRO), and the European Society of Pathology (ESP) jointly develop clinically relevant and evidence-based guidelines in order to improve the quality of care for women with cervical cancer across Europe and worldwide...
May 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
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