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HES 130/0.4

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728805/large-volume-crystalloid-fluid-is-associated-with-increased-hyaluronan-shedding-and-inflammation-in-a-canine-hemorrhagic-shock-model
#1
Lisa Smart, C J Boyd, M A Claus, E Bosio, G Hosgood, A Raisis
Shedding of the endothelial glycocalyx precedes leukocyte activation and adherence in acute inflammation. Rapid administration of crystalloid or colloid fluids for treating hemorrhagic shock may cause endothelial glycocalyx shedding, thereby increasing inflammation. This study aimed to compare the effect of different fluid treatments in a canine shock model on glycocalyx biomarker, hyaluronan, and inflammatory biomarkers. Greyhound dogs under general anesthesia subject to hemorrhage for 60 min were given 20 mL kg-1 of either fresh whole blood (FWB), hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0...
May 4, 2018: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716625/6-hydroxyethyl-starch-hes-130-0-4-diminishes-glycocalyx-degradation-and-decreases-vascular-permeability-during-systemic-and-pulmonary-inflammation-in-mice
#2
Andreas Margraf, Jan M Herter, Katharina Kühne, Anika Stadtmann, Thomas Ermert, Manuel Wenk, Melanie Meersch, Hugo Van Aken, Alexander Zarbock, Jan Rossaint
BACKGROUND: Increased vascular permeability is a pathophysiological hallmark of sepsis and results in increased transcapillary leakage of plasma fluid, hypovolemia, and interstitial edema formation. 6% hydroxyethyl starch (HES 130/0.4) is commonly used to treat hypovolemia to maintain adequate organ perfusion and oxygen delivery. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of 6% HES 130/0.4 on glycocalyx integrity and vascular permeability in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced pulmonary inflammation and systemic inflammation in mice...
May 1, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684990/acid-base-alterations-during-major-abdominal-surgery-6-hydroxyethyl-starch-infusion-versus-5-albumin
#3
Hyun Jeong Kwak, Oh Kyung Lim, Jae Myung Baik, Youn Yi Jo
Background: To compare the effects of intraoperative infusions of balanced electrolyte solution (BES)-based hydroxyethyl starch (HES) and saline-based albumin on metabolic acidosis and acid/base changes during major abdominal surgery conducted using Stewart's approach. Methods: Forty patients, aged 20-65 years, undergoing major abdominal surgery, were randomly assigned to the HES group (n = 20; received 500 ml of BES-based 6% HES 130/0.4) or the albumin group (n = 20; received 500 ml of normal saline-based 5% albumin)...
April 24, 2018: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605028/pyruvate-as-a-novel-carrier-of-hydroxyethyl-starch-130-0-4-may-protect-kidney-in-rats-subjected-to-severe-burns
#4
Sen Hu, Yue-Long Dai, Ming-Juan Gao, Xiao-Na Wang, Hai-Bin Wang, Yong-Qi Dou, Xiao-Dong Bai, Fang-Qiang Zhou
BACKGROUND: The carrier of hydroxyethyl starch (HES) may play a critical role in kidney injury in fluid resuscitation. This study aimed mainly to compare effects of pyruvate-enriched saline with normal saline (NS) and acetate Ringer's (AR) solution as a carrier in HES130/0.4 on kidney function in rats subjected to severe burns. METHODS: Using a lethal burn model, 140 rats were randomly allocated in seven groups (n = 20): sham group (group S); no fluid after burn (group N); burn resuscitated with NS (group NS); burn resuscitated with pyruvate saline (group PS); burn resuscitated with AR plus pyruvate-HES (group SP); burn resuscitated with AR plus acetate-HES (group SA), and burn resuscitated with AR plus NS-HES (group SN)...
May 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572534/the-effects-of-hydroxyethyl-starch-and-gelatine-on-pulmonary-cytokine-production-and-oedema-formation
#5
Julia Krabbe, Nadine Ruske, Till Braunschweig, Svetlana Kintsler, Jan W Spillner, Thomas Schröder, Sebastian Kalverkamp, Stephanie Kanzler, Annette D Rieg, Stefan Uhlig, Christian Martin
Recently, side effects of plasma expanders like hydroxyethyl starch and gelatine gained considerable attention. Most studies have focused on the kidneys; lungs remain unconsidered. Isolated mouse lungs were perfused for 4 hours with buffer solutions based on hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0.4, HES 200/0.5 or gelatine and ventilated with low or high pressure under physiological pH and alkalosis. Outcome parameters were cytokine levels and the wet-to-dry ratio. For cytokine release, murine and human PCLS were incubated in three different buffers and time points...
March 23, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509042/lactated-ringer-solution-may-be-superior-to-saline-based-6-hydroxyethyl-starch-130-0-4-for-early-resuscitation-within-12-hours-from-hemorrhagic-shock
#6
Xinyue Gao, Qiang Tao, Xun Zhou, WeiFu Lei
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of fluid resuscitation with lactated Ringer's solution (LR) and saline-based 6% hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 (HES) on the inflammatory response and oxidative stress in the small intestine as well as on bacterial translocation to the liver. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to blood pressure-controlled hemorrhagic shock and then resuscitated with LR or HES. At 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 hr after resuscitation, liver tissues were collected to count the bacterial colonies, and small intestines were harvested to analyze the levels of inflammatory (TNF-α and HO-1) and oxidative stress (MPO) mediators as well as the intestinal injury by immunohistochemistry, colorimetry and hematoxylin & eosin staining, respectively...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455308/fluid-therapy-and-outcome-a-prospective-observational-study-in-65-german-intensive-care-units-between-2010-and-2011
#7
Christian Ertmer, Bernhard Zwißler, Hugo Van Aken, Michael Christ, Fabian Spöhr, Axel Schneider, Robert Deisz, Matthias Jacob
BACKGROUND: Outcome data on fluid therapy in critically ill patients from randomised controlled trials may be different from data obtained by observational studies under "real-life" conditions. We conducted this prospective, observational study to investigate current practice of fluid therapy (crystalloids and colloids) and associated outcomes in 65 German intensive care units (ICUs). In total, 4545 adult patients who underwent intravenous fluid therapy were included. The main outcome measures were 90-day mortality, ICU mortality and acute kidney injury (AKI)...
February 17, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420792/assessment-of-neurological-toxicity-of-hydroxyethyl-starch-130-0-4-injected-in-the-intrathecal-space-in-rats
#8
O Vassal, P Del Carmine, F-P Desgranges, L Bouvet, M Lilot, N Gadot, Q Timour-Chah, D Chassard
Objective: Epidural blood patch is the procedure of choice to relieve postdural puncture headache. Hydroxyethyl-starch (HES) has been proposed as a patch in some circumstances such as in the case of hematological disease due to the theoretical risk of neoplastic seeding to the central nervous system. Acute neurological HES toxicity has been excluded by a previous animal study, but the long-term neurological toxicity has not been evaluated. Methods: Rats were randomly assigned to one of three groups: no intrathecal injection, 20 μL of intrathecal saline, or a 20-μL intrathecal HES (6% hydroxyethyl starch 130/0...
February 6, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386022/thromboelastometric-assessment-of-hemostasis-following-hydroxyethyl-starch-130-0-4-administration-as-a-constant-rate-infusion-in-hypoalbuminemic-dogs
#9
Angelica Botto, Barbara Bruno, Cristiana Maurella, Fulvio Riondato, Alberto Tarducci, Giulio Mengozzi, Antonio Borrelli
BACKGROUND: The primary aim was to evaluate by means of thromboelastometry (ROTEM) the effects of hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0.4 administered as a constant rate infusion (CRI) on hemostasis in hypoalbuminemic dogs. The second aim was to use ROTEM analysis to detect whether all hypoalbuminemic dogs of our population were hypercoagulable. RESULTS: The study sample was 20 hypoalbuminemic dogs (albumin < 2 g/dl) with normal perfusion parameters and requiring intravenous fluid therapy...
January 31, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324500/hydroxyethyl-starch-130-0-4-and-its-impact-on-perioperative-outcome-a-propensity-score-matched-controlled-observation-study
#10
Judith-Irina Pagel, Markus Rehm, Tobias Kammerer, Nikolai Hulde, Eike Speck, Josef Briegel, Falk Reinholz, Alexander Crispin, Klaus F Hofmann-Kiefer
BACKGROUND: Adverse effects of hydroxyethyl starches (HESs) have been verified in patients suffering from sepsis or kidney disease, but not in surgical patients at large. The investigation aimed to determine whether the use of HES 130/0.4 was associated with the incidence of acute postinterventional adverse events compared to Ringer's acetate alone in a perioperative setting. METHODS: This propensity score matched, controlled observational study was performed in a single-centre university hospital...
January 9, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221978/influence-of-6-hydroxyethyl-starch-130-0-4-versus-crystalloid-solution-on-structural-renal-damage-markers-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-post-hoc-subgroup-analysis-of-a-prospective-trial
#11
Thomas Datzmann, Markus Hoenicka, Helmut Reinelt, Andreas Liebold, Hagen Gorki
OBJECTIVE: The restriction of hydroxyethyl starch (HES) has mandated changes in volume management based on data of critically ill patients. Reliable data of structural renal damage after HES treatment in cardiac surgical patients are lacking. The influence of 6% HES 130/0.4 was investigated in this study. DESIGN: An exploratory post hoc subgroup analysis of a prospective trial was performed. SETTING: The study was carried out at a university hospital...
February 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071382/hydroxyethyl-starch-130-0-4-versus-crystalloid-co-loading-during-general-anesthesia-induction-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Takashi Juri, Koichi Suehiro, Shigemune Kuwata, Sayaka Tsujimoto, Akira Mukai, Katsuaki Tanaka, Tokuhiro Yamada, Takashi Mori, Kiyonobu Nishikawa
PURPOSE: Hypotension and decreased cardiac output (CO) are common adverse effects during anesthesia induction depending on the patient's pre-anesthetic cardiac condition. The aim of this study was to assess the ability of hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0.4 to prevent hypotension and decreased CO during the induction of general anesthesia. METHODS: Ninety patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery were randomly divided into a HES group and a crystalloid group. Following the insertion of an intravenous line, fluid was administered to each patient at a rate of 25 ml/min using either crystalloid or HES 130/0...
December 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045467/the-dose-of-hydroxyethyl-starch-6-130-0-4-for-fluid-therapy-and-the-incidence-of-acute-kidney-injury-after-cardiac-surgery-a-retrospective-matched-study
#13
Mona Momeni, Lompoli Nkoy Ena, Michel Van Dyck, Amine Matta, David Kahn, Dominique Thiry, André Grégoire, Christine Watremez
The safety of hydroxyethyl starches (HES) is still under debate. No studies have compared different dosing regimens of HES in cardiac surgery. We analyzed whether the incidence of Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) differed taking into account a weight-adjusted cumulative dose of HES 6% 130/0.4 for perioperative fluid therapy. This retrospective cohort study included all adult patients undergoing elective or emergency cardiac surgery with or without cardiopulmonary bypass. Exclusion criteria were patients on renal replacement therapy (RRT), cardiac trauma surgery, heart transplantation, patients with ventricular assist devices, subjects who required a surgical revision for bleeding and those whose medical records were incomplete...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862347/effects-of-hydroxyethyl-starch-130-0-4-on-serum-creatinine-concentration-and-development-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-nonazotemic-cats
#14
N E Sigrist, N Kälin, A Dreyfus
BACKGROUND: Hydroxyethyl-starch (HES) solutions might have renal adverse effects in humans and dogs. OBJECTIVE: To determine if administration of 6% HES-130/0.4 is associated with an increase in serum creatinine concentration and development of acute kidney injury (AKI) in nonazotemic cats. ANIMALS: A total of 62 critically ill cats; 26 HES exposed and 36 unexposed. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study (2012-2015). Serum creatinine concentrations were recorded and changes in serum creatinine concentrations before exposure (baseline) and 2-10 and 11-90 days, respectively, were determined...
November 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653377/effects-of-hydroxyethyl-starch-130-0-42-vs-ringer-s-acetate-on-cytokine-levels-in-severe-sepsis
#15
C T Anthon, R B Müller, N Haase, P B Hjortrup, K Møller, T Lange, J Wetterslev, A Perner
BACKGROUND: The Scandinavian Starch for Severe Sepsis/Septic Shock (6S) trial showed increased 90-day mortality with hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0.42 vs. Ringer's acetate. To explore the underlying pathophysiology, we compared early changes in plasma cytokine concentrations between patients resuscitated with HES vs. Ringer's acetate. METHODS: In a subgroup of 226 patients from the 6S trial, we calculated delta plasma concentrations of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-10 from randomization to day 2...
September 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553873/does-fluid-resuscitation-with-balanced-solutions-induce-electrolyte-and-metabolic-abnormalities-an-in-vitro-assessment
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Łukasz J Krzych, Piotr F Czempik
BACKGROUND: Popular intravenous fluids in clinical use may have an impact on electrolyte concentration and metabolic balance and should be considered as powerful pharmacological agents. There is a growing body of evidence that fluid therapy should be more individualised and preferably based on balanced solutions. AIM: We sought to investigate the impact of three commonly used balanced fluids on electrolytes and metabolic equilibrium in an in vitro setting. METHODS: Study group comprised 32 healthy male volunteers (without history of any acute/chronic disorder or known metabolic abnormality), aged 21-35 (29 ± 4) years, weight 59-103 (81...
2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501489/hydroxyethyl-starch-130-0-4-compared-with-0-9-nacl-administered-to-greyhounds-with-haemorrhagic-shock
#17
Duana McBride, Anthea L Raisis, Giselle Hosgood, Lisa Smart
OBJECTIVE: To determine the cardiovascular and acid-base effects of 6% hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0.4 and 0.9% sodium chloride (NaCl) administered to anaesthetized greyhounds with haemorrhagic shock. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, experimental, complete randomized block design. ANIMALS: Twelve healthy adult greyhounds. METHODS: After 60 minutes of isoflurane anaesthesia, 48 mL kg(-1) of blood was removed to induce hypotension...
March 6, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481865/effect-of-hemodilution-in-vitro-with-hydroxyethyl-starch-on-hemostasis
#18
Shanliang Jin, Guifang Yu, Ruijiao Hou, Boxiong Shen, Hong Jiang
BACKGROUND Hydroxyethyl starch (HES) solutions are used for volume expansion during surgery. We aimed to investigate how 6%HES 130/0.4 affects hemostasis. MATERIAL AND METHODS Blood samples were collected from 12 healthy adult volunteers, diluting with 6%HES 130/0.4 (HES group) or Ringer lactate solution (RL control group). The hemodilution ratio (HR) of citrated blood volume to plasma substitute volume was 10: 0 (undiluted), 10: 2, 10: 4, and 10: 6. Clotting factors activity was measured. Thrombin generation was monitored...
May 8, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471979/effects-of-6-hydroxyethyl-starch-130-0-4-on-postoperative-blood-loss-and-kidney-injury-in-off-pump-coronary-arterial-bypass-grafting-a-retrospective-study
#19
Jeong Jin Min, Hyun Sung Cho, Suyong Jeon, Jong-Hwan Lee, Jeong Jin Lee, Young Tak Lee
We retrospectively evaluated the effects of 6% hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0.4 on postoperative blood loss and acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB).Electronic medical records of 771 patients who underwent OPCAB in our hospital between July 2012 and July 2014 were reviewed, and 249 patients without intraoperative HES-exposure (group NoHES) were matched 1:N with intraoperative HES-exposed 413 patients (group HES) based on propensity score. The effects of intraoperative HES on postoperative cumulative blood loss within the first 24 hours, need for bleeding-related reoperation, and occurrence of postoperative AKI (determined by KDIGO and RIFLE criteria) were analyzed...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449710/effects-of-colloid-pre-loading-on-thromboelastography-during-elective-intracranial-tumor-surgery-in-pediatric-patients-hydroxyethyl-starch-130-0-4-versus-5-human-albumin
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Yuanzhi Peng, Jianer Du, Xuan Zhao, Xueyin Shi, Yingwei Wang
BACKGROUND: Volume replacement therapy with colloid is still worth studying in major pediatric surgery with potential risk of bleeding. This study assessed the effects of 6% hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0.4 and 5% Human Albumin (HA) on coagulation tested by thromboelastography (TEG) during elective intracranial tumor surgery in pediatric patients. METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, 60 patients undergoing intracranial tumor resection under general anesthesia were assigned to HES and HA groups (n = 30), and administered preloads of 20 mL · kg-1 HES 130/0...
April 27, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
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