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Daniel Martín Fernández-Mayoralas, Alberto Fernández-Jaén, Mar Jiménez-De-la-Peña, Manuel Recio-Rodríguez, Nuria Muñoz-Jareño, Rafael Arroyo-González
Schizencephaly is a rare disorder of neuronal migration that is characterized by the presence of clefts that extend from the ependymal surface of the lateral ventricles to the pial lining of the cortex. The authors present the case of a female patient with a prenatal diagnosis made by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), her clinical course, and neurorradiological evolution following birth. A 6-year-old female, with right open lip schizencephaly, was diagnosed by means of prenatal cerebral magnetic resonance at the gestational age of 25 weeks...
August 2010: Journal of Child Neurology
J A Monge Argiles, J Bautista Prados, M D Ortega Ortega, J A Pérez Vicente, A Morales Ortiz
Megadolichobasilar (MDB) is a rare arterial anomaly consisting of excessive elongation, widening and tortuosity of the basilar artery. It may be associated with different neurological disturbances, including cerebral ischemic stroke, compression of the cranial nerves, hydrocephalus, headache and vertigo. Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an inflammatory bowel disease of unknown aetiology which may be complicated by arterial or venous cerebral illness, among others neurological anomalies. We report a patient suffering from UC who presented ischemic stroke...
May 2003: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
J C Christensen
The diagnosis of multiple sclerosis is frequently made with undue haste and without a firm basis. A false positive diagnosis is made in about 20 to 30% of the cases originally labeled as multiple sclerosis. The proportion of false positive diagnosis is probably still higher in countries where this disease is less frequent. An exhaustive investigation (neurological, clinical, neurorradiological, isotopic, etc.) is necessary before accepting such a diagnosis. This is particularly important because many of the lesions which can masquerade as multiple sclerosis are amenable to medical or surgical treatment...
1975: Acta Neurológica Latinoamericana
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