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"coagulation" and"endothelial cell"

Tur-Fu Huang, Chun-Chieh Hsu, Yu-Ju Kuo
Snake venoms affect blood coagulation and platelet function in a complex manner. However, two classes of venom proteins, snaclecs and disintegrins have been shown to specifically target receptors including GPIb, α2β1, GPVI, CLEC-2 and integrins αIIbβ3, αvβ3, α5β1 expressed on platelets, endothelial cells, phagocytes, tumor cells, thus affecting cell-matrices and cell-cell interactions. Here, we focus on disintegrins, a class of low molecular mass Arg-Gly-Asp(RGD)/Lys-Gly-Asp(KGD)-containing, cysteine-rich polypeptide derived from various viper snake venoms...
2016: Thrombosis Journal
Muriel Meiring, W Allers, E Le Roux
Inflammation and dysfunction of endothelial cells are thought to be triggers for the secretion of Von Willebrand factor. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of the inflammatory cytokines interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8) and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and the coagulation factors, tissue factor and thrombin on the release and cleavage potential of ultra-large von Willebrand factor (ULVWF) and its cleavage protease by cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). HUVEC were treated with IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α, tissue factor (TF) and thrombin, and combinations thereof for 24 hours under static conditions...
2016: International Journal of Medical Sciences
Yi Cheng, Mu Jin, Xiuhua Dong, Lizhong Sun, Jing Liu, Rong Wang, Yanwei Yang, Peirong Lin, Siyu Hou, Yuehua Ma, Yuefeng Wang, Xudong Pan, Jiakai Lu, Weiping Cheng
BACKGROUND: Stanford type-A acute aortic dissection (AAD) is a severe cardiovascular disease demonstrating the characteristics of acute onset and rapid development, with high morbidity and mortality. The available evidence shows that preoperative acute lung injury (ALI) induced by Stanford type-A AAD is a frequent and important cause for a number of untoward consequences. However, there is no study assessing the incidence of preoperative ALI and its independent determinants before Standford type-A AAD surgery in Chinese adult patients...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Fumihiro Sanada, Yoshiaki Taniyama, Jun Muratsu, Rei Otsu, Masaaki Iwabayashi, Miguel Carracedo, Hiromi Rakugi, Ryuichi Morishita
Uncontrolled coagulation contributes to the pathophysiology of several chronic inflammatory diseases. In these conditions, senescent cells are often observed and is involved in the generation of inflammation. The coincidence of hyper-coagulation, cell senescence, and inflammation suggests the existence of a common underlying mechanism. Recent evidence indicates that activated coagulation factor X (FXa) plays a role in the processes beyond blood coagulation. This non-hematologic function entails the mediation of inflammation and tissue remodeling...
October 18, 2016: Scientific Reports
Omer Akyol, Sumeyya Akyol, Chu-Huang Chen
Endothelial cells (EC) respond to injury by releasing numerous factors, including von Willebrand factor (VWF). High circulating levels of unusually large VWF multimers (UL-VWFM) have strong procoagulant activity and facilitate platelet adhesion and aggregation by interacting with platelets after an acute event superimposed on peripheral arterial disease and coronary artery disease. ADAMTS13-a disintegrin-like metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motif type 1 member 13-regulates a key physiological process of coagulation in the circulation by cleaving VWF multimers into small, inactive fragments...
October 13, 2016: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Per Lehnert, Pär I Johansson, Sisse R Ostrowski, Christian H Møller, Lia E Bang, Peter Skov Olsen, Jørn Carlsen
Whole blood coagulation and markers of endothelial damage were studied in patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE), and evaluated in relation to PE severity. Twenty-five patients were enrolled prospectively each having viscoelastical analysis of whole blood done using thrombelastography (TEG) and Multiplate aggregometry. Fourteen of these patients were investigated for endothelial damage by ELISA measurements of Syndecan-1 (endothelial glycocalyx degradation), soluble endothelial Selectin (endothelial cell activation), soluble Thrombomodulin (endothelial cell injury) and Histone Complexed DNA fragments (endothelial cytotoxic histones)...
October 11, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
P Larsson, I Alwis, B Niego, M Sashindranath, P Fogelstrand, M C L Wu, L Glise, M Magnusson, M Daglas, N Bergh, S P Jackson, R L Medcalf, S Jern
BACKGROUND: The endogenous fibrinolytic system has rarely been considered as a target to prevent thrombotic disease. Tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) is potently increased by histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors in endothelial cells in vitro, but whether this translates into increased vascular t-PA production and an enhanced fibrinolytic capacity in vivo is unknown. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine if the HDAC inhibitor valproic acid (VPA) stimulates production of t-PA in the vasculature of mice, and further, if VPA pre-treatment affects fibrin deposition and clot formation after mechanical vessel injury...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
Wei Li, Marvin Nieman, Anirban Sen Gupta
Arterial thrombosis (blood clot) is a common complication of many systemic diseases associated with chronic inflammation, including atherosclerosis, diabetes, obesity, cancer and chronic autoimmune rheumatologic disorders. Thrombi are the cause of most heart attacks, strokes and extremity loss, making thrombosis an extremely important public health problem. Since these thrombi stem from inappropriate platelet activation and subsequent coagulation, targeting these systems therapeutically has important clinical significance for developing safer treatments...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
T A Sovershaev, D Unruh, B Sveinbjørnsson, J T Fallon, J B Hansen, V Y Bogdanov, M A Sovershaev
BACKGROUND: Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) 7 is abundant in atherosclerotic plaques and increases monocyte pro-coagulant activity by enhancing tissue factor (TF) expression. While several members of the BMP superfamily are able to serve as chemotactic agents for monocytes, the role of BMP-7 in regulation of monocyte motility is not known. AIMS: To assess the effect of BMP-7 on adhesive and migratory properties of human monocytes. METHODS: Chemokinesis, adhesion, and transendothelial migration of BMP-7-treated THP-1 cells and human monocytes were analysed using live-cell imaging, orbital shear, and Boyden chamber assays...
September 17, 2016: Thrombosis Research
Terezie Pelikánová
UNLABELLED: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) develops in patients with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes and is the major cause of vision loss and blindness in the working population. The main risk factor of DR is hyperglycemia accompanied by enhanced mitochondrial production of reactive oxygen species and oxidative stress, formation of advanced glycation end products (AGE) and hexosamines, increase in polyol metabolism of glucose. The severity of vascular injury depends on the individual genetic background and is modified by other epigenetic, metabolic and haemodynamic factors, including hypertension, dyslipidemia and oxidative stress...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Joshua P Sasine, Kelly T Yeo, John P Chute
: : The functions of endothelial cells (ECs) in regulating oxygen delivery, nutrient exchange, coagulation, and transit of inflammatory cells throughout the body are well--established. ECs have also been shown to regulate the maintenance and regeneration of organ-specific stem cells in mammals. In the hematopoietic system, hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are dependent on signals from the bone marrow (BM) vascular niche for their maintenance and regeneration after myelosuppressive injury...
September 13, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
Cristina Zaragozá Arnaéz, Jorge Monserrat Sanz, Carolina Mantecón Ramiro, Lucinda Villaescusa Castillo, Francisco Zaragozá García, Melchor Álvarez de Mon Soto
Polyphenols are used as phlebotonic drugs, but their mechanism of action remains unknown. Since platelet activity and platelet-endothelial cell interactions are involved in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease, this work examines whether different flavonoid and coumarin drugs are able to inhibit platelet aggregation. This specific case of coumarins, the antiplatelet effect is not linked with a possible interaction over blood coagulation since this effect only dicoumarols have it. The antiplatelet capacity of polyphenols was assayed using peripheral blood platelets from healthy controls...
September 8, 2016: Vascular Pharmacology
Isaac Ginsburg, Erez Koren, James Varani, Ron Kohen
In 2009, Xu et al. and Chaput et al. in Nature Medicine had argued that the main cause of death in sepsis is the release from neutrophil nets of nuclear histone, highly toxic to endothelial cells and that these polycations are major and unique virulence factors. Since 2009, numerous researchers have also suggested the involvement of histones in the pathophysiology of many clinical disorders. If histones are indeed major unique virulence toxic agents, then heparin, activated protein C and antibodies to histone should prove excellent antisepsis agents...
October 2016: Inflammopharmacology
Hyun Ju Yoo, Ji-Eun Kim, Ja Yoon Gu, Sae Bom Lee, Hyun Joo Lee, Ho Young Hwang, Yoohwa Hwang, Young Tae Kim, Hyun Kyung Kim
BACKGROUND: Neutrophils play a role in xenograft rejection. When neutrophils are stimulated, they eject the DNA-histone complex into the extracellular space, called neutrophil extracellular traps (NET). We investigated whether NET formation actively occurs in the xenograft and contributes to coagulation and endothelial activation. METHODS: Human whole blood was incubated with porcine aortic endothelial cells (pEC) from wild-type or α1,3-galactosyltransferase gene-knockout (GTKO) pigs...
September 10, 2016: Xenotransplantation
Camille Ettelaie, Mary E W Collier, Sophie Featherby, John Greenman, Anthony Maraveyas
Restriction of tissue factor (TF) activity at the cell surface and TF release are critical for prevention of excessive coagulation. This study examined the regulation of TF dephosphorylation and its release through ubiquitination. A plasmid containing the sequence to express the tandem protein TF-tGFP was mutated to include an arginine-substitution at Lys255 within TF. MDA-MB-231 cell line, and HCAEC endothelial cells were transfected and subsequently activated with PAR2-agonist peptide. The wild-type and mutant TF-tGFP were immunoprecipitated from the cell lysates and the ubiquitination and phosphorylation state of TF examined...
September 3, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Peter Taylor, Emelyn Salazar, Mariana Barrios, Ana María Salazar, María-Jesús Abad, Izaskun Urdanibia, David Shealy, Carmen Luisa Arocha-Piñango, Belsy Guerrero
INTRODUCTION: Contact with the caterpillar of Lonomia achelous causes a hemorrhagic syndrome in humans prompted by two processes, an initial mild DIC that is later masked by overwhelming fibrinolytic activity. Although the venom affects both the hemostatic and inflammatory systems separately, it is not clear whether the hematological and hemostatic disturbances may in part be due to an indirect effect via inflammatory mediators. Here we report results on the crosstalk between these systems, particularly the effect of the pro-inflammatory cytokine TNF-α on hemostatic parameters...
October 2016: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
Antje Scholl, Igor Ivanov, Burkhard Hinz
The role of cannabinoids in thrombosis remains controversial. In view of the primary importance of tissue factor (TF) in blood coagulation and its involvement in the pathology of several cardiovascular, inflammatory and neoplastic diseases, a regulation of this initial procoagulant signal seems to be of particular interest. Using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) the present study investigated the impact of the synthetic cannabinoid WIN 55,212-2 on interleukin (IL)-1β-induced TF expression and activity...
August 18, 2016: Oncotarget
Kayoko Nakanishi, Kenta Masuda, Naoko Mori, Atsumi Ishida, Shuichi Shiga, Satoshi Ichiyama
Thrombomodulin (TM) is an endothelial receptor for thrombin. The thrombin-thrombomodulin complex activates protein C in the anticoagulant pathway. Soluble TM is thought to be a marker for endothelial cell damage. We have evaluated the analytical performance of the HISCL TM test, a chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay that measures soluble TM using biotinylated thrombomodulin monoclonal antibodies on Sysmex HISCL-2000i analyzer. Within-run coefficient of variation (CV) for control samples with low and high TM levels were 1...
October 2014: Rinsho Byori. the Japanese Journal of Clinical Pathology
Jerard Seghatchian, Jean Amiral
Blood cells generate heterogeneous populations of vesicles that are delivered, as small-specialized packages of highly active cell fragments in blood circulation, having almost similar functional activities, as the mother cells. These so called extracellular vesicles are the essential part of an energy-dependent natural apoptotic process; hence their beneficial and harmful biological functions cannot be ignored. Evidence is accumulating, that cellular derived vesicles, originate from all viable cells including: megakaryocytes, platelets, red blood cells, white blood cells and endothelial cells, the highest in proportions from platelets...
August 2016: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
Solenne Tillet, Sébastien Giraud, Thomas Kerforne, Thibaut Saint-Yves, Sandrine Joffrion, Jean-Michel Goujon, Jerôme Cau, Gérard Mauco, Maurice Petitou, Thierry Hauet
Coagulation is an important pathway in the pathophysiology of ischemia-reperfusion injuries. In particular, deceased after circulatory death (DCD) donors undergo a no-flow period, a strong activator of coagulation. Hence, therapies influencing the coagulation cascade must be developed. We evaluated the effect of a new highly specific and effective anti-Xa/IIa molecule, with an integrated innovative antidote site (EP217609), in a porcine preclinical model mimicking injuries observed in DCD donor kidney transplantation...
July 25, 2016: Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
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