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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782308/activation-of-herpes-simplex-infection-after-tattoo
#1
Antigona Begolli Gerqari, Mybera Ferizi, Merita Kotori, Aferdita Daka, Syzana Hapciu, Ilir Begolli, Mirije Begolli, Idriz Gerqari
Tattooing is a procedure where ink is applied to an area of the skin, mostly intraepidermally (1). This procedure is carried out mainly for aesthetic purposes. Lately, it has been used as a corrective medical procedure following amputation of mammilla. The procedure is aggressive (2), and the fact that skin is punctured many times with the same needle which cannot be fully sterilized may cause infection of the treated area with bacterial, fungal, or viral agents that may lead to health consequences manifesting in the form of verrucae vulgaris, molluscum contagiosum, and herpes simplex...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778814/environmental-and-lifestyle-factors-affecting-exposure-to-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-the-general-population-in-a-middle-eastern-area
#2
Mohammad Hoseini, Ramin Nabizadeh, Juana Maria Delgado-Saborit, Ata Rafiee, Kamyar Yaghmaeian, Saeid Parmy, Sasan Faridi, Mohammad Sadegh Hassanvand, Masud Yunesian, Kazem Naddafi
The aim of this study was to investigate environmental and lifestyle factors affecting exposure to PAHs in the general population in a large city of the Middle East (Tehran) by measuring urinary monohydroxy polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (OH-PAHs) and establishing relationships between PAHs exposure and related factors. Urine samples were collected from 222 randomly chosen subjects who were living in the urban area of Tehran, Iran. Subjects were required to complete a detailed questionnaire aimed to document their personal and sociodemographic information, activities, cooking-related appliances, smoking history/exposure, and consumed foodstuff...
May 17, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776847/a-comparative-evaluation-of-spectrophotometric-intracutaneous-analysis-and-laser-doppler-imaging-in-the-assessment-of-adult-and-paediatric-burn-injuries
#3
Somy Charuvila, Masha Singh, Declan Collins, Isabel Jones
INTRODUCTION: Clinical assessment of mid-dermal burns can be challenging. Currently, laser Doppler imaging (LDI) is the gold standard adjunct in the assessment of burn injuries. Although LDI has demonstrated reliable accuracy, it poses various limitations in routine use including cost and ease of use. In comparison, spectrophotometric intracutaneous analysis (SIA) is a relatively cheaper technique, which can be carried out using a modified digital camera that enables easy image acquisition...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774895/rational-design-of-a-neutral-ph-functional-and-stable-organic-photocathode
#4
Laia Francàs, Eric Burns, Ludmilla Steier, Hyojung Cha, Lluís Solà-Hernández, Xiaoe Li, Pabitra Shakya Tuladhar, Roger Bofill, Jordi García-Antón, Xavier Sala, James R Durrant
In this work we lay out design guidelines for catalytically more efficient organic photocathodes achieving stable hydrogen production in neutral pH. We propose an organic photocathode architecture employing a NiO hole selective layer, a PCDTBT:PCBM bulk heterojunction, a compact TiO2 electron selective contact and a RuO2 nanoparticle catalyst. The role of each layer is discussed in terms of durability and function. With this strategically designed organic photocathode we obtain stable photocurrent densities for over 5 h and discuss routes for further performance improvement...
May 18, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771356/versatility-of-dorsal-metacarpal-artery-flaps-for-hand-burns
#5
Jennel M Carreras, Catherine McGee, Faisal Al-Mufarrej
Burns to the hands can be devastating injuries and early debridement and coverage can prevent these chronic problems. Reconstructive options for these defects include skin grafts, local, regional and distant flaps as well as free flaps. In this series we set out to demonstrate the versatility, durability and effectiveness of dorsal metacarpal artery flaps for primary soft tissue coverage This study involves a review of all consecutive patients who underwent acute soft tissue coverage using dorsal metacarpal artery flaps at our institution from December 2014 to December 2017...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768662/immersion-in-water-during-labour-and-birth
#6
REVIEW
Elizabeth R Cluett, Ethel Burns, Anna Cuthbert
BACKGROUND: Water immersion during labour and birth is increasingly popular and is becoming widely accepted across many countries, and particularly in midwifery-led care settings. However, there are concerns around neonatal water inhalation, increased requirement for admission to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), maternal and/or neonatal infection, and obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS). This is an update of a review last published in 2011. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of water immersion during labour and/or birth (first, second and third stage of labour) on women and their infants...
May 16, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760356/the-impact-of-parental-migration-on-injuries-among-left-behind-young-people-aged-10-years-to-24-years-in-botswana
#7
Lesego Selotlegeng
There has been little evidence of the relationship between children and absence of parents in Botswana literature; and it is still the case that absence of parents increases the risk of injuries to their children. The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of parental migration among left behind young people aged 10 years to 24 years in Botswana and examine patterns of injuries from immigrant families. This is a population-based crosssection from which a dataset was created by compiling data from two different sources for the period of 2010 to 2015...
2018: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760033/the-mid-career-demon
#8
Timothy P Daaleman
For several months I have been trying to tag a greyness that has shaded my doctoring. I was not burned out but uncovered the desert experience of mind and soul known as acedia, which is called the noonday demon because it vexes those in the mid-stages of life. Grappling with the noonday demon has upended all of my assumptions about the workings of hope in the practice of medicine. For me, hope is no longer the anticipation of a positive outcome, or the warm feeling associated with the validation of a correct diagnosis, or the conclusion of successful treatment...
May 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760022/burnout-and-scope-of-practice-in-new-family-physicians
#9
Amanda K H Weidner, Robert L Phillips, Bo Fang, Lars E Peterson
PURPOSE: Family physicians report some of the highest levels of burnout, but no published work has considered whether burnout is correlated with the broad scope of care that family physicians may provide. We examined the associations between family physician scope of practice and self-reported burnout. METHODS: Secondary analysis of the 2016 National Family Medicine Graduate Survey respondents who provided outpatient continuity care (N = 1,617). We used bivariate analyses and logistic regression to compare self-report of burnout and measures of scope of practice including: inpatient medicine, obstetrics, pediatric ambulatory care, number of procedures and/or clinical content areas, and providing care outside the principal practice site...
May 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755852/high-frequency-generator-in-wound-healing-of-marjolin-s-ulcer-after-carcinoma-resection
#10
Pascale Mutti Tacani, Rogério Eduardo Tacani, Aline Fernanda Perez Machado, Débora Montezello, João Carlos Guedes Sampaio Góes, Angela Gonçalves Marx, Richard Eloin Liebano
Marjolin's ulcers (MU) are skin malignancies that form over burn injuries. These very aggressive ulcers can result in functional and wound healing impairment, and require a well thought out treatment plan. Physiotherapy offers resources to help promote recovery of these patients, as described in this case report, in which the patient with a history of burn in the lower limbs evolved to malignancy 32 years later. This patient underwent tumor resection of the left foot, with recurrence and lymphadenectomy . Physical therapy included the application of high-frequency generator (HFG) for wound healing and exercises for functional recovery...
May 1, 2018: Advances in Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752642/can-short-term-pasture-management-increase-c-balance-in-the-atlantic-rainforest
#11
Paulo Roberto da Rocha Junior, Felipe Vaz Andrade, Lucas Santos Satiro, Guilherme Kangussú Donagemma, Eduardo de Sá Mendonça
Few studies have shown the importance of different pasture management practices on C storage and the reduction of CO2 -C emissions in tropical conditions. The objective of the present study was to determine short-term changes in C pools and C balance from different pasture management practices established in the Atlantic Rainforest. A field study was carried out in Alegre, ES, Brazil from September 2013 to August 2014 to investigate the first-year effect of pasture management practices on a Udult clayey soil...
May 11, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752110/evaluation-of-nano-hydrogel-composite-based-on-gelatin-ha-cs-suffused-with-asiatic-acid-zno-and-cuo-nanoparticles-for-second-degree-burns
#12
Thanusha A V, Amit Kumar Dinda, Veena Koul
In the present work, a hydrogel platform composed of biopolymer gelatin, and glycosaminoglycan's (Hyaluronic acid and Chondroitin sulfate) incorporated with Asiatic acid (a triterpenoid) and nanoparticles (Zinc oxide and Copper oxide) has been designed and developed to find out the efficacy of healing in second degree burn wounds in Wistar rats. The developed hydrogel composite has been characterized by physico-chemical methods such as; SEM, swelling, mechanical strength, degradation and drug release kinetics...
August 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745055/where-do-we-diagnose-hiv-infection-monitoring-new-diagnoses-made-in-nontraditional-settings-in-england-wales-and-northern-ireland
#13
S Croxford, Z Yin, M Kall, F Burns, R Simmons, A Copas, G Ireland, P Kirwan, C Chau, V Delpech
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to describe 10-year trends in HIV diagnosis setting and to explore predictors of being diagnosed outside a sexual health clinic (SHC). METHODS: Analyses of national HIV surveillance data were restricted to adults (aged ≥ 15 years) diagnosed in 2005-2014 in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Logistic regression identified factors associated with diagnosis outside an SHC (2011-2014). RESULTS: Between 2005 and 2014, 63 599 adults were newly diagnosed with HIV infection; 83% had a diagnosis setting reported...
May 9, 2018: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738799/early-ecpr-for-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-best-practice-in-2018
#14
Alice Hutin, Mamoun Abu-Habsa, Brian Burns, Steve Bernard, Joe Bellezzo, Zack Shinar, Ervigio Corral Torres, Pierre-Yves Gueugniaud, Pierre Carli, Lionel Lamhaut
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734660/syzygium-cordatum-hochst-ex-krauss-an-overview-of-its-ethnobotany-phytochemistry-and-pharmacological-properties
#15
REVIEW
Alfred Maroyi
Syzygium cordatum is a valuable medicinal plant in the materia medica of east and southern Africa. The aim of this study was to review the botany, medicinal uses, phytochemistry and ethnopharmacological properties of S. cordatum . Relevant literature search was carried out using internet sources such as ACS, Web of Science, Wiley, SpringerLink, Scopus, Mendeley, Google Scholar, Pubmed, SciFinder, BioMed Central, Science Direct and Elsevier. Other literature sources were conference papers, book chapters, books, theses and websites...
May 4, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733408/a-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy-fnirs-replication-of-the-sunscreen-persuasion-paradigm
#16
Shannon M Burns, Lianne Barnes, Perri L Katzman, Daniel L Ames, Emily B Falk, Matthew D Lieberman
Activity in medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) during persuasive messages predicts future message-consistent behavior change, but there are significant limitations to the types of persuasion processes that can be invoked inside an MRI scanner. For instance, real world persuasion often involves multiple people in conversation. Functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) allows us to move out of the scanner and into more ecologically valid contexts. As a first step, the current study used fNIRS to replicate an existing fMRI persuasion paradigm (i...
May 4, 2018: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731790/prevalence-of-clinically-isolated-metallo-beta-lactamase-producing-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-coding-genes-and-possible-risk-factors-in-iran
#17
REVIEW
Abdolmajid Ghasemian, Kobra Salimian Rizi, Hassan Rajabi Vardanjani, Farshad Nojoomi
Background & Objective: The spread of carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a global concern. Metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL) enzymes cause extensive drug resistance among Gram-negative bacteria. The current study aimed at determining the prevalence of MBL-producing P. aeruginosa in Iran. Data extraction: A total of 43 studies were found out of which 36 were adopted. Data were collected from Google, Google Scholar, Science Direct, PubMed, Scopus, Embase, and Sciverse...
2018: Iranian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731586/piercing-ear-keloid-excision-using-loupe-magnification-and-topical-liquid-silicone-gel-as-adjuvant
#18
Bellam A Ramesh, J Mohan
Background: Keloid is an abnormal growth of scar at the site of skin injury, which usually does not regress. It proliferates beyond the original scar. The ear keloid usually develops after piercing injury to wear ornaments. A patient usually asks for removal of keloid, as it is aesthetically unpleasant. Patient may sometimes complain of itching and pain. Aim: The study was conducted to analyze results following excision of keloid with its tract and topical silicone gel as the postsurgical adjuvant...
January 2018: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730821/evaluation-of-the-low-level-laser-therapy-application-parameters-for-skin-burn-treatment-in-experimental-model-a-systematic-review
#19
Patricia Brassolatti, Ana Laura Martins de Andrade, Paulo Sérgio Bossini, Albaiza Nicoletti Otterço, Nivaldo Antônio Parizotto
Burn is defined as a traumatic injury of thermal origin, which affects the organic tissue. Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has gained great prominence as a treatment in this type of injury; however, the application parameters are still controversial in the literature. The aims of this study were to review the literature studies that use LLLT as a treatment in burns conducted in an experimental model, discuss the main parameters used, and highlight the benefits found in order to choose an appropriate therapeutic window to be applied in this type of injury...
May 5, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730708/stressing-the-journey-using-life-stories-to-study-medical-student-wellbeing
#20
Tania M Jenkins, Jenny Kim, Chelsea Hu, John C Hickernell, Sarah Watanaskul, John D Yoon
While previous studies have considered medical student burnout and resilience at discrete points in students' training, few studies examine how stressors and resilience-building factors can emerge before, and during, medical school. Our study focuses on students' life stories to comprehensively identify factors contributing to student wellbeing. We performed a secondary analysis of life-story interviews with graduating fourth year medical students. These interviews were originally conducted in 2012 as part of the Project on the Good Physician, and then re-analyzed, focusing on student wellbeing...
May 5, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
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