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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719766/energy-expenditure-of-standing-compared-to-sitting-while-conducting-office-tasks
#1
Jill Burns, Cuisle Forde, Sara Dockrell
Objectives This study aimed to investigate the energy expenditure of common office-based tasks. The objectives were to: (a) test the classification of tasks as sedentary or light-intensity physical activity and (b) compare the energy expenditure of tasks under two postural conditions (sitting and standing). Background The sedentary nature of office work has been highlighted as a health risk, and strategies to reduce sedentary behavior at work have been developed. However, there is limited evidence to guide the utilization of sit-stand workstations in the workplace for metabolic health benefits...
July 1, 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719274/risk-factors-for-podoconiosis-kamwenge-district-western-uganda-september-2015
#2
Christine Kihembo, Ben Masiira, William Z Lali, Gabriel K Matwale, Joseph K B Matovu, Frank Kaharuza, Alex R Ario, Immaculate Nabukenya, Issa Makumbi, Monica Musenero, Bao-Ping Zhu, Miriam Nanyunja
AbstractPodoconiosis, a noninfectious elephantiasis, is a disabling neglected tropical disease. In August 2015, an elephantiasis case-cluster was reported in Kamwenge District, western Uganda. We investigated to identify the disease's nature and risk factors. We defined a suspected podoconiosis case as onset in a Kamwenge resident of bilateral asymmetrical lower limb swelling lasting ≥ 1 month, plus ≥ 1 of the following associated symptoms: skin itching, burning sensation, plantar edema, lymph ooze, prominent skin markings, rigid toes, or mossy papillomata...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711375/the-prevalence-of-orodental-trauma-during-epileptic-seizures-in-terms-of-dental-treatment-survey-study
#3
Dominika Gawlak, Joanna Łuniewska, Wiktoria Stojak, Anahit Hovhannisyan, Anna Stróżyńska, Katarzyna Mańka-Malara, Marcin Adamiec, Andrzej Rysz
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders. Seizures that occur during attacks may lead to head injuries. It is crucial to establish proper prophylactic management against trauma occurrence, as nowadays prevention is not sufficient. AIM: Assessment of the frequency of head and intraoral trauma during epileptic seizures and to evaluate factors that may predispose to injuries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The questionnaire was carried out among 106 patients with epilepsy...
June 29, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710950/citric-acid-assisted-phytoextraction-of-chromium-by-sunflower-morpho-physiological-and-biochemical-alterations-in-plants
#4
Mujahid Farid, Shafaqat Ali, Muhammad Rizwan, Qasim Ali, Farhat Abbas, Syed Asad Hussain Bukhari, Rashid Saeed, Longhua Wu
Soil and water contamination from heavy metals and metalloids is one of the most discussed and burning global issues due to its potential to cause the scarcity of healthy food and safe water. The scientific community is proposing a range of lab and field based physical, chemical and biological solutions to remedy metals and metalloids contaminated soils and water. The present study finds out a possibility of Chromium (Cr) extraction by sunflower from spiked soil under chelating role of citric acid (CA). The sunflower plants were grown under different concentrations of Cr (0, 5, 10 & 20mgkg(-1)) and CA (0, 2...
July 12, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709041/long-term-monitoring-of-atmospheric-pcdd-fs-at-mount-lulin-during-spring-season-pcdd-f-source-apportionment-through-a-simultaneous-measurement-in-southeast-asia
#5
Ngo Tuan Hung, Chueh Ting Li, Sheng Hsiang Wang, Chang-Feng Ou-Yang, Chuan-Yao Lin, Chung-Te Lee, Neng-Huei Lin, Kai Hsien Chi
A long term assessment of atmospheric polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) at Mt. Lulin, located in center of Taiwan was carried out from 2008 to 2013 (n = 81) assuming Mt. Lulin to be background area. During monitoring processes, PCDD/F samples collected in the field occasionally reached high concentration. To investigate this situation, simultaneous sample collection was carried out in Southeast Asia countries (i.e., Vietnam and Thailand) and Taiwan in 2013. The average concentration of atmospheric PCDD/Fs in biomass-burning source regions, namely Son La and Doi Ang Khang were 19...
June 29, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702187/procedure-applications-and-outcomes-of-autologous-fat-grafting
#6
REVIEW
Francesco Simonacci, Nicolò Bertozzi, Michele Pio Grieco, Eugenio Grignaffini, Edoardo Raposio
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the procedure, applications, and outcomes of autologous fat grafting, a promising technique with various clinical applications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Literature review of publications concerning autologous fat grafting. RESULTS: Since its introduction, lipofilling has become increasingly popular; however, its results are variable and unpredictable. Several modifications have been made to the procedures of fat harvesting, processing, and injecting...
August 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695257/the-montara-oil-spill-a-2009-well-blowout-in-the-timor-sea
#7
REVIEW
R B Spies, M Mukhtasor, K A Burns
A well on the Montara platform on the Australian continental shelf blew out in August 2009 and spilled oil into the Timor Sea for 74 days. The oil, estimated at as much as 23.5 million L in total volume, spread over a large area of the shelf and eventually into Indonesian waters. This paper documents, through published literature, reports of both Australian and Indonesian governments and observations of coastal residents and fishermen the spread of the oil and attempts to estimate its impact. The lack of observers on the ocean and baseline, pre-spill data on populations of marine organisms, and delays in deploying scientific surveys after the spill severely limited efforts by the Australian government to determine damage in its territorial waters...
July 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691457/human-%C3%AE-2-defensin-in-oral-lichen-planus-expresses-the-degree-of-inflammation
#8
L Azzi, P Moretto, R Vinci, F Croveri, A Boggio, J Silvestre-Rangil, L Tettamanti, A Tagliabue, A Passi
Syndrome (BMS). Seventeen OLP patients, with a positive histopathologic diagnosis of the disease, were recruited into this study in order to measure the relative quantity of HBD-2 in their saliva and crevicular fluid. The values were compared with those collected from a group of 9 patients affected by the Burning Mouth Syndrome (BMS) and with a control group (CTRL) of 9 patients. There was no statistically significant difference between the groups (p=0.523; p=0.897). However, patients affected by OLP showed a dycotomic distribution of values: while 10 of them showed similar values to those found out in the other two groups, 7 patients expressed high levels of HBD-2 and 3500 pg/ml was the threshold to distinguish the subgroups...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691148/entomotoxicology-in-burnt-bodies-a-case-of-maternal-filicide-suicide-by-fire
#9
V Bugelli, L Papi, S Fornaro, F Stefanelli, S Chericoni, M Giusiani, S Vanin, C P Campobasso
One of the most common methods of maternal filicide is by fire. In this case study, a 40-year-old female and her children were found completely burned in a burnt out car. All bodies showed a degree of destruction by fire consisting to a level 3 of the Crow-Glassman Scale (CGS) and early stage of insect activity. Toxicological analyses were performed on soft tissues and body fluids still available. The results were positive for diazepam and its metabolites only for children with blood concentrations consistent with therapeutic doses of benzodiazepines...
July 9, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690360/absorption-transmission-measurements-of-psap-particle-laden-filters-from-the-biomass-burning-observation-project-bbop-field-campaign
#10
Cary Presser, Ashot Nazarian, Joseph M Conny, Duli Chand, Arthur Sedlacek, John M Hubbe
Absorptivity measurements with a laser-heating approach, referred to as the laser-driven thermal reactor (LDTR), were carried out in the infrared and applied at ambient (laboratory) non-reacting conditions to particle-laden filters from a three-wavelength (visible) particle/soot absorption photometer (PSAP). The particles were obtained during the Biomass Burning Observation Project (BBOP) field campaign. The focus of this study was to determine the particle absorption coefficient from field-campaign filter samples using the LDTR approach, and compare results with other commercially available instrumentation (in this case with the PSAP, which has been compared with numerous other optical techniques)...
2017: Aerosol Science and Technology: the Journal of the American Association for Aerosol Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689030/risk-of-hospitalization-for-fire-related-burns-during-extreme-cold-weather
#11
Aimina Ayoub, Tom Kosatsky, Audrey Smargiassi, Marianne Bilodeau-Bertrand, Nathalie Auger
BACKGROUND: Environmental factors are important predictors of fires, but no study has examined the association between outdoor temperature and fire-related burn injuries. We sought to investigate the relationship between extremely cold outdoor temperatures and the risk of hospitalization for fire-related burns. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We carried out a time-stratified case-crossover study of 2470 patients hospitalized for fire-related burn injuries during cold months between 1989 and 2014 in Quebec, Canada...
July 6, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687289/occupational-burnout-among-radiation-therapists-in-australia-findings-from-a-mixed-methods-study
#12
N Singh, C Wright, K Knight, M Baird, D Akroyd, R D Adams, M E Schneider
INTRODUCTION: Evidence demonstrates that health care professionals in the palliative care context are more burned out than other health professionals. The aims of this study were to examine: (1) occupational burnout levels among radiation therapists in Australia, (2) association between demographic factors on burnout and (3) radiation therapists' perceptions of burnout. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey including the Maslach Burnout Inventory was administered to Radiation Therapists in Australia...
August 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684881/ejection-of-the-massive-hydrogen-rich-envelope-timed-with-the-collapse-of-the-stripped-sn-2014c
#13
Raffaella Margutti, A Kamble, D Milisavljevic, E Zapartas, S E de Mink, M Drout, R Chornock, G Risaliti, B A Zauderer, M Bietenholz, M Cantiello, S Chakraborti, L Chomiuk, W Fong, B Grefenstette, C Guidorzi, R Kirshner, J T Parrent, D Patnaude, A M Soderberg, N C Gehrels, F Harrison
We present multi-wavelength observations of SN 2014C during the first 500 days. These observations represent the first solid detection of a young extragalactic stripped-envelope SN out to high-energy X-rays ~40 keV. SN 2014C shows ordinary explosion parameters (Ek ~ 1.8 × 10(51) erg and Mej ~ 1.7 M⊙). However, over an ~1 year timescale, SN 2014C evolved from an ordinary hydrogen-poor supernova into a strongly interacting, hydrogen-rich supernova, violating the traditional classification scheme of type-I versus type-II SNe...
February 1, 2017: Astrophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683773/determinants-and-time-to-blood-transfusion-among-thermal-burn-patients-admitted-to-mulago-hospital
#14
C Kilyewala, R Alenyo, R Ssentongo
BACKGROUND: Blood transfusion, a practice under re-evaluation in general, remains common among thermal burn patients due to the hematological alterations associated with burns that manifest as anemia. Today advocacy is for restrictive blood transfusion taking into account individual patient characteristics. We went out to identify the parameters that may determine transfusion requirement and the time to blood transfusion for thermal burn patients in Mulago Hospital in order to build statistics and a basis to standardize future practice and Hospital protocol...
July 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676051/community-perceptions-on-outdoor-malaria-transmission-in-kilombero-valley-southern-tanzania
#15
Irene R Moshi, Halfan Ngowo, Angel Dillip, Daniel Msellemu, Edith P Madumla, Fredros O Okumu, Maureen Coetzee, Ladslaus L Mnyone, Lenore Manderson
BACKGROUND: The extensive use of indoor residual spraying (IRS) and insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) in Africa has contributed to a significant reduction in malaria transmission. Even so, residual malaria transmission persists in many regions, partly driven by mosquitoes that bite people outdoors. In areas where Anopheles gambiae s.s. is a dominant vector, most interventions target the reduction of indoor transmission. The increased use of ITNs/LLINs and IRS has led to the decline of this species...
July 4, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667109/detection-of-diazotrophy-in-the-acetylene-fermenting-anaerobe-pelobacter-strain-sfb93
#16
Denise M Akob, Shaun M Baesman, John M Sutton, Janna L Fierst, Adam C Mumford, Yesha Shrestha, Amisha T Poret-Peterson, Stacy Bennett, Darren S Dunlap, Karl B Haase, Ronald S Oremland
Acetylene (C2H2) is a trace constituent of the present Earth's oxidizing atmosphere, reflecting a mix of terrestrial and marine emissions from anthropogenic, biomass burning, and unidentified biogenic sources. Fermentation of acetylene was serendipitously discovered during C2H2-block assays of N2O reductase, and Pelobacter acetylenicus was shown to grow on C2H2 via acetylene hydratase (AH). AH is a W-containing, catabolic, low redox potential enzyme that unlike nitrogenase (N2ase) is specific for acetylene...
June 30, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665169/morgellons-disease-experiences-of-an-integrated-multidisciplinary-dermatology-team-to-achieve-positive-outcomes
#17
Padma Mohandas, Anthony Bewley, Ruth Taylor
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been a reported increase in affliction of the skin with small fibres or other particles. The condition has been referred to as Morgellons disease. Patients present with stinging, burning or crawling sensations of the skin, with perceived extrusion of inanimate material alongside fatigue and other systemic symptoms. Sufferers often experience significant morbidity and reduction in quality of life. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to explore the various clinical presentations, management strategies and outcomes employed to treat this condition in our patients...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661848/many-health-plans-avoid-paying-for-prostate-cancer-genetic-tests
#18
Joseph Burns
Insurers point to what they believe to be a paucity of solid evidence that the bevy of tests are useful for making treatment decisions. Also, if they wait a few years, then it's Medicare's problem. Meanwhile, men with prostate cancer must pay about $3,000 out of pocket for genetic tests.
May 2017: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659578/photocatalytic-hollow-tio2-and-zno-nanospheres-prepared-by-atomic-layer-deposition
#19
Nóra Justh, László Péter Bakos, Klára Hernádi, Gabriella Kiss, Balázs Réti, Zoltán Erdélyi, Bence Parditka, Imre Miklós Szilágyi
Carbon nanospheres (CNSs) were prepared by hydrothermal synthesis, and coated with TiO2 and ZnO nanofilms by atomic layer deposition. Subsequently, through burning out the carbon core templates hollow metal oxide nanospheres were obtained. The substrates, the carbon-metal oxide composites and the hollow nanospheres were characterized with TG/DTA-MS, FTIR, Raman, XRD, SEM-EDX, TEM-SAED and their photocatalytic activity was also investigated. The results indicate that CNSs are not beneficial for photocatalysis, but the crystalline hollow metal oxide nanospheres have considerable photocatalytic activity...
June 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656843/processing-tragedy-the-aftermath-of-grenfell-tower
#20
Erin Dean
Palliative care nurse Simone Williams was woken by sirens on the night of the fire at nearby Grenfell Tower and rushed out to see what was happening. She helped look after those who had escaped from the burning building and knocked on doors appealing for blankets for them.
June 28, 2017: Nursing Standard
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