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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319773/potential-of-water-washing-of-rape-straw-on-thermal-properties-and-interactions-during-co-combustion-with-bituminous-coal
#1
Qiulin Ma, Lujia Han, Guangqun Huang
The aim of this work was to study the thermal properties and interactions during co-combustion of rape straw (RS) before and after water-washing with bituminous coal. A series of experiments was conducted to investigate the properties and interactions during co-combustion of RS with bituminous coal (at 10, 20, 40 and 60% RS). The feasibility and potential of water-washing as an RS pre-treatment was also explored. Reactivity and the amount of heat released followed a quadratic trend, while changes to the degree of interactions between the fuels conformed to a cosine curve...
March 7, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318750/changes-in-patterns-of-treatment-of-burned-children-at-the-linkoping-burn-centre-sweden-2009-2014
#2
Moustafa Elmasry, Ingrid Steinvall, Islam Abdelrahman, Pia Olofsson, Folke Sjoberg
INTRODUCTION: Children are a relatively large group among patients with burns in Sweden. We changed the management of children's burns to a flexible, outpatient-based plan. The aim was to follow up the outpatient management for children's burns during the period 2009-2014, and track it, to find out to what extent the patients had been treated flexibly as outpatients, and to clarify the reasons behind those who did not fit in the plan. METHODS: Descriptive retrospective analysis dividing the patients into three groups: inpatients only, flexible management, and outpatients...
March 15, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314935/a-disease-with-a-sweet-tooth-exploring-the-warburg-effect-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#3
REVIEW
Anna Atlante, Lidia de Bari, Antonella Bobba, Giuseppina Amadoro
After more than 80 years from the revolutionary discoveries of Otto Warburg, who observed high glucose dependency, with increased glycolysis and lactate production regardless of oxygen availability in most cancer cells, the 'Warburg effect' returns to the fore in neuronal cells affected by Alzheimer's disease (AD). Indeed, it seems that, in the mild phase of AD, neuronal cells "prefer" to use the energetically inefficient method of burning glucose by glycolysis, as in cancer, proving to become resistant to β-amyloid (Aβ)-dependent apoptosis...
March 17, 2017: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314677/vulvovaginal-candidiasis-etiology-symptomatology-and-risk-factors
#4
L Mtibaa, N Fakhfakh, A Kallel, S Belhadj, N Belhaj Salah, N Bada, K Kallel
OBJECTIVE: To determine epidemiological, clinical and mycological characteristics of vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) in Tunisian population and to evaluate predisposing factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, 2160 vaginal swabs were performed over 2 years (January 2014-December 2015). It was carried out at the laboratory of Parasitology and Mycology, Rabta Hospital in Tunisia. After swab collecting, direct examination and culture on Sabouraud Chloramphenicol and Sabouraud Chloramphenicol Actidione media were implemented to research yeasts...
March 14, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293640/cost-analysis-of-a-novel-enzymatic-debriding-agent-for-management-of-burn-wounds
#5
Giuseppe Giudice, Angela Filoni, Giulio Maggio, Domenico Bonamonte, Michelangelo Vestita
Introduction. Given its efficacy and safety, NexoBrid™ (NXB) has become part of our therapeutic options in burns treatment with satisfactory results. However, no cost analysis comparing NXB to the standard of care (SOC) has been carried out as of today. Aim. To assess the cost of treatment with NXB and compare it to the SOC cost. Methods. 20 patients with 14-22% of TBSA with an intermediate-deep thermal burn related injury were retrospectively and consecutively included. 10 of these patients were treated with the SOC, while the other 10 with NXB...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290624/thick-melanoma-in-tuscany
#6
Alessandra Chiarugi, Paolo Nardini, Lorenzo Borgognoni, Paola Brandani, Gianni Gerlini, Pietro Rubegni, Arianna Lamberti, Camilla Salvini, Giovanni Lo Scocco, Roberto Cecchi, Riccardo Sirna, Stefano Lorenzi, Riccardo Gattai, Silvio Battistini, Emanuele Crocetti
BACKGROUND: The epidemiologic trends of cutaneous melanoma are similar in several countries with a Western-type life style, where there is a progressive increasing incidence and a low but not decreasing mor- tality, or somewhere an increase too, especially in the older age groups. Also in Tuscany there is a steady rise in incidence with prevalence of in situ and invasive thin melanomas, with also an increase of thick melanomas. It is necessary to reduce the frequency of thick melanomas to reduce specific mortality...
March 14, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289359/fast-and-specific-detection-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-from-other-pseudomonas-species-by-pcr
#7
G Jami Al-Ahmadi, R Zahmatkesh Roodsari
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an important life-threatening nosocomial pathogen that plays a prominent role in wound infections of burned patients. We designed this study to identify the isolates of P. aeruginosa recovered from burned patients at the genus and species level through primers targeting oprI and oprL genes, and analyzed their antimicrobial resistance pattern. Over a 2-month period, wound samples were taken from burned patients and plated on MacConkey agar. All suspected colonies were primarily screened for P...
December 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286783/decreasing-incidence-of-cutaneous-chemical-burns-in-a-resource-limited-burn-centre-is-this-a-positive-effect-of-modernization
#8
R E E Nnabuko, C P Okoye, I S Ogbonnaya, Egi Isiwele
BACKGROUND: Burns present a devastating injury to patients. Burns caused by chemical agents, present a worse scenario. In a resource limited country like Nigeria, readily available sources of these corrosive agents are mainly from lead-acid battery vendors and to some extent local small scale soap manufacturers who use caustic soda. We hypothesized that with the reduction in small scale soap manufacturing and increasing trend towards modernization in the use of dry cell batteries, chemical burns may be on the decline, and we sought to investigate this...
2017: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282004/five-year-retrospective-review-of-blunt-renal-injuries-at-a-level-i-trauma-center
#9
Jessica Burns, Megan Brown, Zakaria I Assi, Eric J Ferguson
We report the experience of a Level I trauma center in the management of blunt renal injury during a 5-year period, with special attention to those treated using angiography with embolization. The institutional trauma registry was queried for all patients with blunt renal injury between September 1, 2009 and August 30, 2014. Each injury was graded using the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma guidelines. Patients that underwent angiography with embolization were reviewed for case-specific information including imaging findings, treatment, materials used, clinical course, and mortality...
February 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280403/-medical-students-burn-out-need-of-student-mentor-and-support-groups-and-emotional-resilience-skills-training-to-be-a-part-of-medical-school-curriculum
#10
COMMENT
Maria Shoaib, Anoshia Afzal, Muhammad Aadil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271966/a-national-survey-of-attitudes-toward-intimate-partner-violence-among-married-women-in-kazakhstan-kyrgyzstan-and-tajikistan-implications-for-health-prevention-and-intervention
#11
Manisha Joshi, Saltanat Childress
Attitudes toward intimate partner violence (IPV) can affect the prevalence of IPV, response of victims' to IPV (e.g., whether to seek help), and the response of professionals (e.g., police, social workers, health care professionals) to IPV. Knowledge about IPV-related attitudes is essential for developing effective social work and violence-related programs. Using data from the 2005-2006 Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys, this study examines attitudes toward IPV and socio-demographic predictors of these attitudes among married women in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan...
April 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271777/-burning-platform-warning-for-nhs
#12
(no author information available yet)
The NHS 'stands on a burning platform', with four out of five trusts needing to improve on patient safety, the Care Quality Commission's (CQC) chief inspector of hospitals said.
March 8, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270706/patients-with-burning-mouth-sensations-a-clinical-investigation-of-causative-factors-in-a-group-of-compete-denture-wearers-jordanian-population
#13
Gadeer Elea Mukatash-Nimri, Marwan A Al-Nimri, Omar G Al-Jadeed, Zaid R Al-Zobe, Khuzama K Aburumman, Nader A Masarwa
AIM: To find out the prevalence of "true" burning mouth syndrome and study the association between patients' spontaneous complaints of burning mouth and systemic conditions in a group of middle age and elderly "denture wearers" patients in Jordan. METHODS: A group of 129 patients (112 female and 17 male) of "complete denture wearers" subjects aged 40 years and over attended prosthetic clinic at King Hussein Medical Hospital complaining from oral burning, with no oral lesion possibly responsible for the burning sensations were selected...
January 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270316/donovanosis-with-bowen-disease
#14
Tarun Narang, Ashwini Manhas, Bhushan Kumar
A 45-year-old farmer presented with ulcers and plaques over his scrotum for the past 4 to 5 years. The condition started as a small lesion on the shaft of the penis, which improved with treatment; however, after 2 to 3 months, papulonodular lesions developed on the scrotum, which increased in size and subsequently broke down to form ulcers. He denied drug abuse but had a history of multiple unprotected sexual exposures. He was prescribed oral antibiotics, which improved the lesions, but he failed to take the antibiotics for more than a week...
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268175/dissemination-of-carbapenem-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii-in-patients-with-burn-injuries
#15
Saeed Shoja, Mojtaba Moosavian, Soodabeh Rostami, Abbas Farahani, Amir Peymani, Khadijeh Ahmadi, Nasim Ebrahimifard
BACKGROUND: Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii has emerged as an important cause of infection in burn patients. This study aimed to characterize the antimicrobial susceptibility pattern, determine the prevalence of oxacillinase and metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL) genes, and type the A. baumannii isolates obtained from burn patients. METHODS: During a 1-year period, a total of 40 nonduplicated isolates of A. baumannii were obtained from burn patients who were hospitalized in the Taleghani Burn Hospital in Ahvaz, in the southwest of Iran...
March 3, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262656/-hermeneutic-phenomenological-study-on-caring-experience-of-the-mothers-of-children-with-epilepsy
#16
Woo Joung Joung, Myungsun Yi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop a deeper understanding of the experience of mothers caring for children with epilepsy. METHODS: Data were collected through individual in-depth interviews and observation from 12 mothers of children with epilepsy. Data were collected from December, 2014 to February, 2015 and analyzed using van Manen's hermeneutic phenomenological methodology to identify essential themes of their experience. RESULTS: The essential themes that fit into the context of the 4-existential grounds of time, body, other people, and space were: Lived time-ongoing influence of the past, living in insecure present, fearful future with no answer; Lived body-bonded body, burned out state; Lived other-burden but also support, shrunken down; Lived space-narrowed range of activity, widened horizon...
February 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260753/molecular-characterization-of-methicillin-resistance-staphylococcus-aureus-mrsa-from-different-tertiary-care-hospitals-in-bangladesh
#17
S Roy, T K Barman, M A Hossain, S K Paul, N Haque, S Ahmed, S A Nasreen, M S Hossain, S R Sarkar, N Kubayashi, N Laskar
Infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus were treated by methicillin, but about 95% of S. aureus has been resistance to methicillin, both in the community and hospitals and are increasing day by day. MRSA produces altered penicillin binding protein, PBP2a, due to the expression of mecA gene. Some strains of both the MRSA and MSSA carry PVL gene. This cross sectional observational study was conducted to detect the molecular-characterization of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and carried out in the Department of Microbiology, Mymensingh Medical College from July 2014 to December 2015...
January 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258917/spectrum-of-fungal-infection-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-on-chemoradiotherapy
#18
Gunjesh Kumar Singh, Malini R Capoor, Deepthi Nair, K T Bhowmik
BACKGROUND: Radiotherapy for head and neck cancers (HNC) causes alteration of oral mucosal barrier predisposing it to colonization and infection. Such infections often result in pain and burning sensation thus contributing to major morbidity. OBJECTIVE: MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study was done on 50 patients of HNC treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Three samples (throat, urine, blood) were collected for fungal culture and sensitivity. These samples were collected before the start of radiotherapy, during radiotherapy (2nd and 6th week) and post radiotherapy (10th week)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255632/population-based-autopsy-study-of-traumatic-fatalities
#19
S Saar, A Lomp, J Laos, V Mihnovitš, R Šalkauskas, T Lustenberger, M Väli, U Lepner, P Talving
BACKGROUND: Injuries result in 5.8 million global fatalities annually and are the leading cause of death in younger individuals. Nevertheless, population-based autopsy investigations on traumatic deaths are scarce. We set out to study all consecutive autopsies on traumatic fatalities performed in a 5-year time segment in Estonia. METHODS: After the ethics review board approval, all consecutive autopsies after blunt or penetrating deaths occurring in prehospital or in-hospital settings between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2013, were retrospectively reviewed using the National Forensic Medicine Database...
March 2, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245934/the-chemical-composition-of-ultrafine-particles-and-associated-biological-effects-at-an-alpine-town-impacted-by-wood-burning
#20
Emanuela Corsini, Roberta Vecchi, Laura Marabini, Paola Fermo, Silvia Becagli, Vera Bernardoni, Donatella Caruso, Lorenza Corbella, Manuela Dell'Acqua, Corrado L Galli, Giovanni Lonati, Senem Ozgen, Angela Papale, Stefano Signorini, Ruggero Tardivo, Gianluigi Valli, Marina Marinovich
This work is part of the TOBICUP (TOxicity of BIomass Combustion generated Ultrafine Particles) project which aimed at providing the composition of ultrafine particles (UFPs, i.e. particles with aerodynamic diameter, dae, lower than 100nm) emitted by wood combustion and elucidating the related toxicity. Results here reported are from two ambient monitoring campaigns carried out at an alpine town in Northern Italy, where wood burning is largely diffused for domestic heating in winter. Wintertime and summertime UFP samples were analyzed to assess their chemical composition (i...
February 25, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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