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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331893/ambient-volatile-organic-compounds-vocs-in-communities-of-the-athabasca-oil-sands-region-sources-and-screening-health-risk-assessment
#1
Md Aynul Bari, Warren B Kindzierski
An investigation of ambient levels and sources of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and associated public health risks was carried out at two northern Alberta oil sands communities (Fort McKay and Fort McMurray located < 25 km and >30 km from oil sands development, respectively) for the period January 2010-March 2015. Levels of total detected VOCs were comparatively similar at both communities (Fort McKay: geometric mean = 22.8 μg/m3, interquartile range, IQR = 13.8-41 μg/m3); (Fort McMurray: geometric mean = 23...
January 11, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331006/outbreak-of-extensively-drug-resistant-stenotrophomonas-maltophilia-in-burn-unit
#2
Usman Ali, Shahid Ahmad Abbasi, Fatima Kaleem, Irum Aftab, Tariq Butt
Stenotrophomonas maltophiliais an emerging cause of nosocomial infections. We report an outbreak of XDR-Stenotrophomonas maltophilia infection from burn unit of a tertiary care hospital in July 2016. The strain isolated was resistant to all antimicrobials tested but colistin. Outbreak investigation was carried out which subsided after timely intervention. Patients were treated adequately by Colistin.
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330602/ecosystem-carbon-emissions-from-2015-forest-fires-in-interior-alaska
#3
Christopher Potter
BACKGROUND: In the summer of 2015, hundreds of wildfires burned across the state of Alaska, and consumed more than 1.6 million ha of boreal forest and wetlands in the Yukon-Koyukuk region. Mapping of 113 large wildfires using Landsat satellite images from before and after 2015 indicated that nearly 60% of this area was burned at moderate-to-high severity levels. Field measurements near the town of Tanana on the Yukon River were carried out in July of 2017 in both unburned and 2015 burned forested areas (nearly adjacent to one-another) to visually verify locations of different Landsat burn severity classes (low, moderate, or high; LBS, MBS, HBS)...
January 8, 2018: Carbon Balance and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330232/interventions-must-be-realistic-to-be-useful-and-completed-in-family-medicine
#4
EDITORIAL
Marjorie A Bowman, Dean A Seehusen, Anne Victoria Neale
Being realistic while helping our patients is this issue's theme. Given the volume of tasks required in family medicine, recommendations for improvements in direct care or care measurement cannot just be evidence-based but must also be realistic. On the list of realistic: ordering antipsychotics for symptoms of dementia in the elderly, despite recommendations to not do so; ordering antidepressants without fear that the patient could develop hypertension; mental health care providers in primary care offices; forced choice for opioid management; plus agenda setting for visit efficiency...
January 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319815/chemical-analysis-and-simulated-pyrolysis-of-tobacco-heating-system-2-2-compared-to-conventional-cigarettes
#5
Xiangyu Li, Yanbo Luo, Xingyi Jiang, Hongfei Zhang, Fengpeng Zhu, Shaodong Hu, Hongwei Hou, Qingyuan Hu, Yongqiang Pang
Introduction: Tobacco Heating System 2.2 (THS 2.2, marketed as iQOS), is a heat-not-burn (HNB) tobacco product that has been successfully introduced to global markets. Despite its expanding market, few independent and systematic researches into THS 2.2 have been carried out to date. Methods: We tested a comprehensive list of total particulate matter (TPM), water, tar, nicotine, propylene glycol, glycerin, carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds, aromatic amines, hydrogen cyanide, ammonia, N-nitrosamines, phenol, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon under both ISO and HCI regimes...
January 8, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313408/in-honor-of-jurgen-ruesch-remembering-his-work-in-psychiatry
#6
Francisco Balbuena Rivera
BACKGROUND: In a highly technical civilization like ours, in which the interest in human communication transcends academic barriers and clinical practice, it seems necessary to look back to Ruesch's work in psychiatry. The main reason of it rests upon the idea that he was one of the few truly outstanding clinicians, researchers, and theoretical in the field of normal and abnormal communication. In fact, he did not only present a wealth of observational and clinical data; more importantly, he used these data to formulate creative hypotheses about the conflict between man and other human beings...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307061/characterization-of-atmospheric-emission-sources-in-lichen-from-metal-and-organic-contaminant-patterns
#7
Aude Ratier, Julien Dron, Gautier Revenko, Annabelle Austruy, Charles-Enzo Dauphin, Florence Chaspoul, Emmanuel Wafo
Lichen samples from contrasted environments, influenced by various anthropic activities, were investigated focusing on the contaminant signatures according to the atmospheric exposure typologies. Most of the contaminant concentrations measured in the 27 lichen samples, collected around the industrial harbor of Fos-sur-Mer (France), were moderate in rural and urban environments, and reached extreme levels in industrial areas and neighboring cities (Al up to 6567 mg kg-1, Fe 42,398 mg kg-1, or ΣPAH 1417 μg kg-1 for example)...
January 6, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306693/the-iraqi-national-study-of-suicide-report-on-suicide-data-in-iraq-in-2015-and-2016
#8
Mohammed J Abbas, Nesif Alhemiary, Emad Abdul Razaq, Shakir Naosh, Louis Appleby
BACKGROUND: Very little is known regarding the epidemiology of suicides in Iraq, given the lack of a national surveillance system. Therefore, the government initiated this project "The Iraqi National Study of Suicide METHODS: The study covered 13 (out of 18) provinces in Iraq. A data collection form was designed by the researchers. The forms were completed by police stations in the 13 provinces. Data were extracted from the legal investigation (which include police investigation, family reports and postmortem reports) of cases of when there was no clear cause of death and where there was final verdict of suicide made by judge after examining these reports...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302540/a-chart-review-of-morbidity-patterns-among-adult-patients-attending-primary-care-setting-in-urban-odisha-india-an-international-classification-of-primary-care-experience
#9
Subhashisa Swain, Sandipana Pati, Sanghamitra Pati
Introduction: Disease burden estimations based on sound epidemiological research provide the foundation for designing health services. Patients visiting a primary care often present with symptoms and signs. Understanding the burden is crucial for developing countries including India. The project aimed to record the reasons for encounter (RFE) at primary care settings for estimating the burden at the health-care facility. Methodology: This cross-sectional study was undertaken at four urban health dispensaries of Bhubaneswar, Odisha, with the aim to explore the prevailing patterns of diseases among patients attending these facilities...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297087/biobrane-dressing-for-paediatric-burns-in-singapore-a-retrospective-review
#10
Cong Fan, Chong Han Pek, Yong Chen Por, Gale Jue Shuang Lim
INTRODUCTION: The ideal burn dressing for children should aim to alleviate pain, decrease length of hospital stay and minimise complications, such as conversion and infection. The current literature is still inconclusive with regard to the gold standard burn dressing for the paediatric population. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed children with superficial partial thickness burns admitted to our paediatric burn unit from January 2014 to April 2015. A total of 30 patients were included in our study, of which 13 had Biobrane dressing...
January 3, 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290510/effect-of-nano-silver-nano-copper-deconex-and-benzalkonium-chloride-on-biofilm-formation-and-expression-of-transcription-regulatory-quorum-sensing-gene-rh1r-in-drug-resistance-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-burn-isolates
#11
Melika Gholamrezazadeh, Mohammad Reza Shakibaie, Fatemeh Monirzadeh, Shalaleh Masoumi, Zahra Hashemizadeh
BACKGROUND: Biofilm forming drug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa are responsible for major death in burn center of different hospitals across the globe. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to evaluate the effect of nano-silver (Ag), nano-copper (Cu), and two hospital disinfectants (deconex and benzalkonium chloride) on biofilm formation and expression of transcription regulatory quorum sensing gene rh1R in P. aeruginosa burn isolates. METHODS: 28 multidrug-resistant P...
December 28, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279685/psychological-factors-in-oral-mucosal-and-orofacial-pain-conditions
#12
REVIEW
Mohammad S Alrashdan, Mustafa Alkhader
The psychological aspects of chronic pain conditions represent a key component of the pain experience, and orofacial pain conditions are not an exception. In this review, we highlight how psychological factors affect some common oral mucosal and orofacial pain conditions (namely, oral lichen planus, recurrent aphthous stomatitis, burning mouth syndrome, and temporomandibular disorders) with emphasis on the significance of supplementing classical biomedical treatment modalities with appropriate psychological counseling to improve treatment outcomes in targeted patients...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273571/toward-a-systematic-classification-of-textile-damages
#13
REVIEW
T G Schulman, R S Samlal-Soedhoe, J van der Weerd
The accuracy of textile damage analyses was evaluated by laboratory tests carried out by trained experts. The analyzed damages were prepared by various methods, including stabbing, cutting, shooting, heating/burning, etc. A number of damages were aged by household washing and tumble-drying procedures, addition of blood, or burying. The samples were analyzed by routine laboratory evaluation. The results indicate that the properties of a damage provide a good indication of the way a textile had been damaged. Nevertheless, scoring of the answers is not straightforward...
January 2018: Forensic Science Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261762/-the-mosquitoes-that-destroy-your-face-social-impact-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-south-eastern-morocco-a-qualitative-study
#14
Issam Bennis, Loubna Belaid, Vincent De Brouwere, Hind Filali, Hamid Sahibi, Marleen Boelaert
OBJECTIVE: To document the psychosocial burden of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) in rural communities in Southeastern Morocco. METHOD: Between March and April 2015, we conducted qualitative research in communities exposed to Leishmania major or L. tropica in Errachidia and Tinghir provinces. Twenty-eight focus groups discussions (FGDs) were realized, with a stratification by gender and tradition of medicine (users of folk versus professional medicine). Data were analyzed using content analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250317/prospective-observational-research-on-the-clinical-profile-and-outcome-analysis-among-a-cohort-of-patients-sustaining-traumatic-cervical-spine-and-cord-injury-in-a-peripheral-tertiary-spine-care-centre-in-nepal
#15
Sunil Munakomi, Binod Bhattarai, Iype Cherian
Background: In developing nations like Nepal, spinal cord injury has multispectral consequences for both the patient and their family members. It has the tendency to cripple and handicap the patients, and burn out their caretakers, both physically and mentally. Furthermore, the centralization of health care with only a handful of dedicated rehabilitation centers throughout Nepal further places patients into disarray. This study was carried out as a pilot study to determine the modes of injury, age groups affected, clinical profiles and patterns of injury sustained, as well as the efficacy of managing a subset of patients, who have sustained cervical spine and cord injuries...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239735/burns-centre-and-fire-services-what-information-can-be-exchanged-to-manage-the-burn-patient
#16
O Pujji, B Nizar, J Bechar, D North, S Jeffery
AIM: To describe the experience of using a "Burns Extrication Form" at a regional Burns Centre. Communication between the fire services and burns team previously has been regarded as poor. Significant information is collected by the fire services at the scene and this can aid the management of the patient. METHODS: The Burns Extrication Form was devised to provide a clear framework of communication between the two services. Information regarding time frames, exposure to heat & smoke, fire loading (potential severity of a fire in a given space by measuring amount of combustible material in confined space), building construction, chemicals involved is passed to the medical team through this form through a National Health Service mailbox...
November 24, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238847/which-pre-hospital-triage-parameters-indicate-a-need-for-immediate-evaluation-and-treatment-of-severely-injured-patients-in-the-resuscitation-area
#17
K O Jensen, R Heyard, D Schmitt, L Mica, C Ossendorf, H P Simmen, G A Wanner, C M L Werner, L Held, K Sprengel
PURPOSE: To find ways to reduce the rate of over-triage without drastically increasing the rate of under-triage, we applied a current guideline and identified relevant pre-hospital triage predictors that indicate the need for immediate evaluation and treatment of severely injured patients in the resuscitation area. METHODS: Data for adult trauma patients admitted to our level-1 trauma centre in a one year period were collected. Outpatients were excluded. Correct triage for trauma team activation was identified for patients with an ISS or NISS ≥ 16 or the need for ICU treatment due to trauma sequelae...
December 13, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237327/studies-on-conversion-of-waste-nitramine-and-fuel-rich-based-propellants-into-liquid-fertilizer
#18
Abirami S Anu, Kashinath I Dhabbe, Prashant S Kulkarni, Mehilal Mehilal
The current demilitarization processes employs open burning /open detonation which is not permitted by the environmental protection agency. Therefore, a systematic study has been carried out to convert waste/rejected nitramine and fuel rich based propellants into liquid fertilizer by digesting in dilute nitric acid followed by neutralization with potassium hydroxide and phosphoric acid. The obtained liquid fertilizers were fully characterised for nitrate, phosphate and ammonium ions along with potassium. Further, the effect of liquid fertilizers of nitramine propellant and fuel rich propellant on cluster bean plants was studied by taking in different concentrations from 25 mL to 150 mL, and their effect on germination pattern, shoots growth, thickness of stem, size and number of leaves, number of pods and length over a full grown period of plants were investigated...
December 14, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235701/relation-of-child-caregiver-and-environmental-characteristics-to-childhood-injury-in-an-urban-aboriginal-cohort-in-new-south-wales-australia
#19
Katherine Thurber, Leonie Burgess, Kathleen Falster, Emily Banks, Holger Möller, Rebecca Ivers, Chris Cowell, Vivian Isaac, Deanna Kalucy, Peter Fernando, Cheryl Woodall, Kathleen Clapham
OBJECTIVE: Despite being disproportionately affected by injury, little is known about factors associated with injury in Aboriginal children. We investigated factors associated with injury among urban Aboriginal children attending four Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services in New South Wales, Australia. METHODS: We examined characteristics of caregiver-reported child injury, and calculated prevalence ratios of 'ever-injury' by child, family, and environmental factors...
December 13, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228019/loci-and-pathways-associated-with-uterine-capacity-for-pregnancy-and-fertility-in-beef-cattle
#20
Mahesh Neupane, Thomas W Geary, Jennifer N Kiser, Gregory W Burns, Peter J Hansen, Thomas E Spencer, Holly L Neibergs
Infertility and subfertility negatively impact the economics and reproductive performance of cattle. Of note, significant pregnancy loss occurs in cattle during the first month of pregnancy, yet little is known about the genetic loci influencing pregnancy success and loss in cattle. To identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) with large effects associated with early pregnancy loss, Angus crossbred heifers were classified based on day 28 pregnancy outcomes to serial embryo transfer. A genome wide association analysis (GWAA) was conducted comparing 30 high fertility heifers with 100% success in establishing pregnancy to 55 subfertile heifers with 25% or less success...
2017: PloS One
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