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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427137/-bibliometric-analysis-of-scientific-articles-on-epidemiological-study-of-burns-in-china
#1
W F Cheng, Z A Shen, D X Zhao, D W Li, Y R Shang
Objective: To analyze the current status of epidemiological study of burns in China, and to explore the related strategies. Methods: Retrospective or cross-sectional scientific articles in Chinese or English on epidemiological study of burns in China published from January 2005 to December 2015 were systemically retrieved from 4 databases. The databases include PubMed, Embase, China Biology Medicine disc, and Chinese Journals Full-text Database. From the results retrieved, data with regard to publication year, journal distribution, number of institutions participated in the study, affiliation of the first author and its location, and admission time span and age of patients in all the scientific articles were collected...
April 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421425/the-role-of-alaska-s-tribal-health-workers-in-supporting-families
#2
Miriam Chernoff, Katie Cueva
Alaska's Community Health Aides/Practitioners (CHA/Ps) are often the sole medical workers in their communities in rural Alaska, and are instrumental in providing healthcare services and education to otherwise underserved individuals. This qualitative study explored how CHA/Ps support healthy families. Six CHA/Ps from two rural communities in western Alaska were interviewed about their scope of practice, interactions with mothers, infants, families, and teens, relationship to other medical providers, and perceptions of their work...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420571/assessing-guidelines-for-burn-referrals-in-a-resource-constrained-setting-demographic-and-clinical-factors-associated-with-inter-facility-transfer
#3
A Klingberg, L Wallis, H Rode, T Stenberg, L Laflamme, M Hasselberg
AIM: The aim was to assess demographic and clinical factors associated with inter-facility referrals for patients with burns in a resource-constrained setting. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional case review of patients presenting with a burn at the trauma unit at the Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital (RXH) in Cape Town, South Africa. RESULTS: Six hundred and eleven-(71%) children were referred to the burns or the intensive care unit and 253 children were treated and discharged from the trauma unit...
April 15, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417508/effectiveness-of-semi-permeable-dressings-to-treat-radiation-induced-skin-reactions-a-systematic-review
#4
M Fernández-Castro, B Martín-Gil, I Peña-García, M López-Vallecillo, M E García-Puig
The aim of this systematic review is to assess the available evidence concerning the effectiveness of semi-permeable dressings, on the full range of skin reactions, related to radiation therapy in cancer patients, from local erythema to moist desquamation, including subjective symptoms such as pain, discomfort, itchiness, burning and the effect on daily life activities. The bibliographic search was carried out looking for Randomised Clinical Trials (RCTs) indexed in PubMed, Cinhal, Cochrane plus and Biblioteca Nacional de Salud, published in the English and Spanish language, between 2010 and 2015...
April 18, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408281/comparison-of-ann-mlp-anfis-svm-and-rf-models-for-the-online-classification-of-heating-value-of-burning-municipal-solid-waste-in-circulating-fluidized-bed-incinerators
#5
Haihui You, Zengyi Ma, Yijun Tang, Yuelan Wang, Jianhua Yan, Mingjiang Ni, Kefa Cen, Qunxing Huang
The heating values, particularly lower heating values of burning municipal solid waste are critically important parameters in operating circulating fluidized bed incineration systems. However, the heating values change widely and frequently, while there is no reliable real-time instrument to measure heating values in the process of incinerating municipal solid waste. A rapid, cost-effective, and comparative methodology was proposed to evaluate the heating values of burning MSW online based on prior knowledge, expert experience, and data-mining techniques...
April 10, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407537/co2-emissions-from-the-2010-russian-wildfires-using-gosat-data
#6
Meng Guo, Jing Li, Jiawei Xu, Xiufeng Wang, Hongshi He, Li Wu
In the summer of 2010, more than 6 hundred wildfires broke out in western Russia because of an unprecedented intense heat wave that resulted from strong atmospheric blocking. The present study evaluated the CO2 emissions using GOSAT (Greenhouse gases Observing SATellite) data from July 23 to August 18, 2010 for western Russia. The results demonstrated that the GOSAT CAI (Cloud and Aerosol Imager) was well-suited for the identification of smoke plumes and that the GOSAT FTS (Fourier-Transform Spectrometer) TIR (Thermal InfraRed) could be used to calculate the height of the plumes at approximately 800 hPa (1...
April 10, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407155/benefits-of-being-a-healthy-perfectionist-examining-profiles-in-relation-to-nurses-well-being
#7
Yuhsuan Chang
The aim of the current study was to examine perfectionism in relation to burn-out and depressive symptoms in nurses. The sample comprised 581 nurses from various medical units in several regional hospitals in Taiwan. The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Service Survey, and Almost Perfect Scale-Revised were used to assess depressive symptoms, burnout, and perfectionism. Response data were analyzed through descriptive statistics, Pearson's product-moment correlation, cluster analysis, and one-way analysis of variance...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382785/autologous-platelet-rich-plasma-versus-readymade-growth-factors-in-skin-rejuvenation-a-split-face-study
#8
Heba I Gawdat, Amira M Tawdy, Rehab A Hegazy, Mohga M Zakaria, Ryham S Allam
BACKGROUND: The escalating urge for a youthful-looking skin instigates continuous innovations with minimally invasive procedures. Readymade growth factors and autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) represent such therapeutic interventions. OBJECTIVE: Compare the efficacy and safety of PRP to readymade growth factors in skin rejuvenation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty adult females with Fitzpatrick skin types III-IV and Glogau photoaging types II and III were enrolled in this study...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378588/ultrafast-dynamics-at-water-interfaces-studied-by-vibrational-sum-frequency-generation-spectroscopy
#9
Satoshi Nihonyanagi, Shoichi Yamaguchi, Tahei Tahara
We present an overview of studies on the ultrafast dynamics of water at aqueous interfaces carried out by time-resolved vibrational sum frequency generation (VSFG) spectroscopies. This research field has been growing rapidly, stimulated by technical developments achieved recently. In this review, first, the principles and instrumentations are described for conventional VSFG, heterodyne-detected VSFG, and various IR-pump/VSFG-probe techniques, namely, time-resolved conventional VSFG, time-resolved heterodyne-detected VSFG, and their extension to two-dimensional spectroscopy...
April 5, 2017: Chemical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377378/evaluation-of-racial-and-socioeconomic-disparities-in-medication-pricing-and-pharmacy-access-and-services
#10
Marie A Chisholm-Burns, Christina A Spivey, Justin Gatwood, Adam Wiss, Kenneth Hohmeier, Steven R Erickson
PURPOSE: Results of a study to determine if disparities in drug pricing, pharmacy services, and community pharmacy access exist in a Tennessee county with a predominantly minority population are reported. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of community pharmacies in Shelby County, a jurisdiction with a total population more than 60% composed of racial and ethnic minority groups, was conducted. Data collection included "out-of-pocket" (i.e., cash purchase) prices for generic levothyroxine, methylphenidate, and hydrocodone-acetaminophen; pharmacy hours of operation; availability of selected pharmacy services; and ZIP code-level data on demographics and crime risk...
April 4, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369232/-lead-pipe-like-stiff-aorta-with-grossly-widened-pulse-pressure-in-burned-out-takayasu-arteritis
#11
Eikan Mishima, Takehiro Suzuki, Junichiro Hashimoto, Takaaki Abe, Sadayoshi Ito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367029/biofilm-colonization-in-chronic-treatment-refractory-infections-presenting-with-discharging-sinuses-a-study-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-eastern-india
#12
Asmita De, Hirak Jyoti Raj, Jayeeta Haldar, Poulami Mukherjee, Prasanta Kumar Maiti
INTRODUCTION: Treatment refractory chronic recurrent infections mean those chronic infections which recur by same causal agents with similar drug responsiveness after apparent relief following full course of recommended antimicrobial management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty different samples were collected from patients with chronic surgical site infections, laparoscopic port site infections, anal fistula, mesh hernioplasty, chronic dacryocystitis, chronic osteomyelitis, and chronic burn wounds...
April 2017: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366050/a-safe-and-effective-multi-day-colonoscopy-bowel-preparation-for-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injuries
#13
Shawn H Song, Jelena N Svircev, Brandon J Teng, Jason A Dominitz, Stephen P Burns
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE: Colonoscopy with polypectomy is associated with a reduced risk of colorectal cancer (CRC), but poor bowel cleansing limits the diagnostic yield of the procedure. Patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) frequently have suboptimal bowel cleansing with standard pre-colonoscopy bowel preparation regimens. We aimed to assess the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of a multi-day inpatient bowel preparation regimen in a population of patients with SCI. DESIGN: Retrospective case series...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365372/endogenous-opioid-function-and-responses-to-morphine-the-moderating-effects-of-anger-expressiveness
#14
John W Burns, Stephen Bruehl, Christopher R France, Erik Schuster, Daria Orlowska, Melissa Chont, Rajnish K Gupta, Asokumar Buvanendran
Long-term use of opioid analgesics may be ineffective or associated with significant negative side effects for some people. At present, there is no sound method of identifying optimal opioid candidates. Individuals with chronic low back pain (n=89) and healthy controls (n=102) underwent ischemic pain induction under placebo, opioid blockade (naloxone), and morphine in counterbalanced order. They completed the Spielberger Anger-out subscale. Endogenous opioid function x anger-out x pain status (chronic pain; healthy control) interactions were tested for morphine responses to ischemic threshold, tolerance and pain intensity (McGill Sensory and Affective subscales) and side effects...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362466/using-research-findings-to-design-an-evidence-based-practice-curriculum
#15
Helen K Burns, Lois Noonan, Deborah Poskus Jenkins, Lisa Marie Bernardo
Evidence from a system-wide research study highlighted strengths and weaknesses in evidence-based practice (EBP) implementation, beliefs, and organizational readiness. To address this evidence, a curriculum was developed within the context of the shared governance and EBP models for nursing practice. The curriculum, Evidence-Based Practice: Clinical Applications in Professional Nursing Practice, consists of five modules that provide the knowledge, skills, and abilities relative to each step of EBP. The learning approach incorporates classroom- and unit-based education, facilitated by EBP curriculum mentors...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360004/outdoor-and-indoor-particle-characterization-from-a-large-and-uncontrolled-combustion-of-a-tire-landfill
#16
B Artíñano, F J Gómez-Moreno, E Díaz, F Amato, M Pandolfi, E Alonso-Blanco, E Coz, S García-Alonso, M Becerril-Valle, X Querol, A Alastuey, B L van Drooge
A large and uncontrolled fire of a tire landfill started in Seseña (Toledo, Spain) on May 13, 2016. An experimental deployment was immediately launched in the area for measuring regulated and non-standard air quality parameters to assess the potential impact of the plume at local and regional levels. Outdoor and indoor measurements of different parameters were carried out at a near school, approximately 700m downwind the burning tires. Real time measurements of ambient black carbon (BC) and total number particle concentrations were identified as good tracers of the smoke plume...
March 27, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358307/marine-collagen-peptides-from-the-skin-of-nile-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus-characterization-and-wound-healing-evaluation
#17
Zhang Hu, Ping Yang, Chunxia Zhou, Sidong Li, Pengzhi Hong
Burns can cause tremendous economic problems associated with irreparable harm to patients and their families. To characterize marine collagen peptides (MCPs) from the skin of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus), molecular weight distribution and amino acid composition of MCPs were determined, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) was used to analyze the chemical structure. Meanwhile, to evaluate the wound healing activity, in vitro and in vivo experiments were carried out. The results showed that MCPs prepared from the skin of Nile tilapia by composite enzymatic hydrolysis were composed of polypeptides with different molecular weights and the contents of polypeptides with molecular weights of less than 5 kDa accounted for 99...
March 30, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357830/preparation-and-medical-follow-up-for-a-single-handed-transatlantic-rowing-race
#18
Mathieu Carron, Mathieu Coulange, Christophe Dupuy, Pierre Mastalski, Bruno Barberon, Alexis Roullaud, Agnalys Desplantes, Jean-Pierre Auffray
BACKGROUND: A single-handed transatlantic rowing race was organised between Senegal and French Guyana (2600 nautical miles). During the race, rowers adjust their lifestyle to maintain an optimal level of performance. Nutrition, circadian rhythm disturbance, psychological state, pain and other medical problems impact on physical abilities and increase the occurrence of accidents. We surveyed the prevalence of medical complications during this race and the preparation that we could suggest for this kind of activity...
2017: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357703/refractory-burning-mouth-syndrome-clinical-and-paraclinical-evaluation-comorbiities-treatment-and-outcome
#19
Dimos D Mitsikostas, Srdjan Ljubisavljevic, Christina I Deligianni
BACKGROUND: Burning Mouth Syndrome (BMS) is a chronic pain condition characterized by persistent intraoral burning without related objective findings and unknown etiology that affects elderly females mostly. There is no satisfactory treatment for BMS. We aimed to observe the long-term efficacy of high velanfaxine doses combined with systemic and topical administered clonazepam in a particular subgroup of BMS patients who do not respond to current clinical management. RESULTS: Eight (66...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350150/-burn-out-commitment-personality-and-experiences-during-work-and-training-survey-among-psychiatry-residents
#20
R Krebs, A L Ewalds, P T van der Heijden, E J M Penterman, K P Grootens
BACKGROUND: In the last few years international studies have reported on increase in burn-out and depressive symptoms among psychiatry residents. In the field of research, however, commitment and dedication are now being mentioned more frequently as positive factors that counterbalance burn-out. AIM: To find out how a group of Dutch psychiatry residents feel about their work, to discover their degree of burn-out and commitment and to clarify the various factors involved...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
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