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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208899/study-of-variation-in-intraocular-pressure-spike-iop-following-nd-yag-laser-capsulotomy
#1
Niharika K Shetty, Sriya Sridhar
INTRODUCTION: Posterior Capsular Opacifications (PCO) is a frequent complication of cataract surgery following posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation. Nd -Yag laser capsulotomy is the treatment of choice for PCO and is known to be associated with complications like Raised Intraocular Pressure (IOP), Intraocular lens pitting, intraocular lens cracks, cystoid macular oedema, retinal detachment, corneal burns. Raised IOP is the most common complication and prescribing anti-glaucoma drugs post capsulotomy is a common practise...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207837/factor-contribution-to-fire-occurrence-size-and-burn-probability-in-a-subtropical-coniferous-forest-in-east-china
#2
Tao Ye, Yao Wang, Zhixing Guo, Yijia Li
The contribution of factors including fuel type, fire-weather conditions, topography and human activity to fire regime attributes (e.g. fire occurrence, size distribution and severity) has been intensively discussed. The relative importance of those factors in explaining the burn probability (BP), which is critical in terms of fire risk management, has been insufficiently addressed. Focusing on a subtropical coniferous forest with strong human disturbance in East China, our main objective was to evaluate and compare the relative importance of fuel composition, topography, and human activity for fire occurrence, size and BP...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202226/air-pollution-pm2-5-composition-source-factors-and-respiratory-symptoms-in-asthmatic-and-nonasthmatic-children-in-santiago-chile
#3
Laura Prieto-Parra, Karla Yohannessen, Cecilia Brea, Daniella Vidal, Carlos A Ubilla, Pablo Ruiz-Rudolph
The objective of this study was to determine the association of respiratory symptoms and medication use and exposure to various air pollutants, PM2.5 components, and source factors in a panel of asthmatic and nonasthmatic children in Santiago, Chile. To this end, 174 children (90 asthmatics and 84 nonasthmatics) were followed throughout the winter months of 2010 and 2011. During the study period, children filled out daily diaries to record respiratory symptoms and medication use. Air pollution data were obtained from government central site measurements and a PM2...
February 12, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198992/a-debate-can-we-recommend-electronic-cigarettes-to-our-patients-opinion-1
#4
Tadeusz M Zielonka
A discussion about disadvantages of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) has recently broken out. There are even opinions that they are as harmful as regular cigarettes. However, this has not been proved, and theoretical premises suggest that e-cigarettes should be definitely less harmful as while using them, tobacco is not burned and harmful substances, in particular carcinogens are not produced. Certain premises assume that e-cigarettes may be used as a new form of nicotine replacement therapy, but this has not been confirmed yet...
2017: Adv Respir Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191804/does-alternative-and-traditional-wasam-local-cautery-therapy-facilitate-an-early-and-more-extensive-locoregional-metastasis-of-breast-cancer
#5
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: A large heterogeneous group of unproven remedies exist to treat cancer in both developed and developing countries. Some of these remedies often do more harm than good to the patients. The traditional medicine is the sum total of the knowledge, skills, and practices based on the theories, beliefs, and experiences indigenous to different cultures. The traditional medicine in Oman is based on herbal treatment and skin treatment (massage, Cupping and skin burn "cautery" treatment-known as Wasam or Kaiy)...
September 2016: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190540/spectrophotometric-intracutaneous-analysis-for-the-assessment-of-burn-wounds-a-service-evaluation-of-its-clinical-application-in-50-burn-wounds
#6
A Tan, F A Pedrini, G Oni, Q Frew, B Philp, D Barnes, P Dziewulski
INTRODUCTION: The assessment of burn depth can be challenging even to the experienced burn clinician. Clinical assessment is most widely used to determine burn depth. Because of this subjective nature, various imaging modalities have been invented. The use of photospectometry as a novel technique in burn wound depth analysis has been previously described but the literature is very limited. METHODOLOGY: We carried out a single blinded non-randomized comparative study of healing potential of 50 burn wounds between tissue spectrophotometry analysis versus clinical evaluation...
February 9, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167115/association-between-autistic-traits-and-emotion-adaptation-to-partially-occluded-faces
#7
Chengwen Luo, Edwin Burns, Hong Xu
Prolonged exposure to an emotional face (e.g., a happy face) leads to a repulsive bias in the emotion perception of subsequently presented faces (e.g., they are perceived as sadder). These shifts in perception are known as facial emotion aftereffects (FEA). People with autism spectrum disorders and their relatives have diminished holistic perception of complex objects. Levels of autism can be measured continuously in the general population in the form of autistic traits. Prior work has failed to find any association between levels of autism and FEA in adults, possibly due to non-holistic processing strategies employed by those at the higher end of the spectrum...
February 3, 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166066/prevalence-of-sensory-neuropathy-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-its-correlation-with-duration-of-disease
#8
D B Karki, S K Yadava, S Pant, N Thusa, E Dangol, S Ghimire
Background Peripheral neuropathy is one of the most common and distressing late complication of diabetes mellitus. Ignorance of the complications may develop foot ulcers and gangrene requiring amputation. Objective The main objective of this study is to find out the prevalence of sensory neuropathy in type 2 diabetes mellitus and to compare it with the duration of disease. Method Two hundred seventy one patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus of both gender age 30 years and above willing to participate were included in this study...
April 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162164/-repair-mechanisms-of-the-wounds-with-exposed-bone-structures-using-an-artificial-dermis
#9
X Chen, C Wang, C Zhang, X Huang, H S Cao
Objective: To investigate the repair mechanisms of the wounds with bone exposed by artificial dermis transplantation. Methods: Seventy two rabbits were randomly divided into 3 groups of 24 rabbits, the wound model was made on the top of head. In the skin defect group (SD group), skin was removed and skull periosteum was retained. In the periosteal defect group (PD group), the skin and skull periosteum were both removed, and the skull was exposed. In the skull burn group (SB group), after the periosteum was removed, the exposed skull bone was burned out with electric iron to cause skull surface necrosis, then the artificial dermis transplantation were performed in each group...
January 24, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161577/motivations-for-new-psychoactive-substance-use-among-regular-psychostimulant-users-in-australia
#10
Rachel Sutherland, Raimondo Bruno, Amy Peacock, Simon Lenton, Allison Matthews, Caroline Salom, Paul Dietze, Kerryn Butler, Lucinda Burns, Monica J Barratt
BACKGROUND: Examine the motivations for new psychoactive substance (NPS) use amongst a sample of regular psychostimulant users (RPU) in Australia, and determine whether motivations differ across substances. METHOD: Data were obtained from 419 RPU interviewed for the 2014 Ecstasy and related Drugs Reporting System who reported lifetime NPS use. Based on the most recent NPS used, motivations for use were rated on an 11-point scale (0 'no influence'-10 'maximum influence')...
February 2, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160302/autism-spectrum-disorder-and-other-neurobehavioural-comorbidities-in-rare-disorders-of-the-ras-mapk-pathway
#11
Shruti Garg, Ami Brooks, Amy Burns, Emma Burkitt-Wright, Bronwyn Kerr, Susan Huson, Richard Emsley, Jonathan Green
AIM: To investigate the cognitive and behavioural phenotype in rare disorders of the Ras/MAPK pathway, namely Noonan, cardiofaciocutaneous (CFC), and Costello syndromes, particularly prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHOD: Fifty children were recruited over 10 months through the regional genetics service and advertisements. A range of parent, child, and observational measures were administered including Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised and Autism Diagnostic Observation Scale...
February 4, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149249/temporary-coverage-of-burns-with-a-xenograft-and-sequential-excision-compared-with-total-early-excision-and-autograft
#12
M Elmasry, I Steinvall, J Thorfinn, P Olofsson, A H Abbas, I Abdelrahman, O A Adly, F Sjoberg
During the 80s and 90s, early and total excision of full thickness burns followed by immediate autograft was the most common treatment, with repeated excision and grafting, mostly for failed grafts. It was hypothesized, therefore, that delayed coverage with an autograft preceded by a temporary xenograft after early and sequential smaller excisions would lead to a better wound bed with fewer failed grafts, a smaller donor site, and possibly also a shorter duration of stay in hospital. We carried out a case control study with retrospective analysis from our National Burn Centre registry for the period 1997-2011...
September 30, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149227/epidemiology-of-nosocomial-fungal-infections-in-the-national-center-for-burns-in-casablanca-morocco
#13
A Rafik, M Diouri, N Bahechar, A Chlihi
Fungal infection is a leading cause of death in burns patients and incurs significant costs for burn units. Our aim was to determine epidemiology of these infections, and analyze risk factors in the burns intensive care unit of the National Center for Burns and Plastic Surgery at Ibn-Rochd University Hospital, Casablanca. It is a retrospective review of all patients admitted from 2011-2014 who developed cultures positive for fungal organisms. Criteria for nosocomial fungal infections were those of the Center for Disease Control in Atlanta (1988, revised 1992, 2004)...
June 30, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148551/towards-research-combat-readiness-prepared-prospective-and-preapproved
#14
EDITORIAL
David N Naumann, N Eisenstein, D S Burns, S A Stapley
Research drives the advancement of medical knowledge during war, but planning and execution are too slow to enable early data acquisition. Future conflicts are likely to be shorter and more dispersed, requiring innovation to avoid missing out on the crucial early stages. To seize the initiative, we suggest that a collection of preapproved research studies be designed, stored and maintained within the medical command structure so that they are ready for immediate implementation at the onset of future conflicts, even during the most kinetic early phases of deployment...
February 1, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133775/review-on-arsenic-induced-toxicity-in-male-reproductive-system-and-its-amelioration
#15
REVIEW
M Zubair, M Ahmad, Z I Qureshi
Arsenic is an environmental toxicant which causes mutagenic, teratogenic and carcinogenic defects. It is used as herbicide, fungicide and rodenticide and results in contamination of air, soil and water. Arsenic is also produced through burning of coal industries. The sludge of factories contaminates the fodder and drinking source of water of human and livestock. Arsenic binds thiol groups in tissue proteins and impairs the function of the proteins. This metal affects the mitochondrial enzymes and interrupts the production of energy...
January 30, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132692/a-recurrent-de-novo-variant-in-nacc1-causes-a-syndrome-characterized-by-infantile-epilepsy-cataracts-and-profound-developmental-delay
#16
Kelly Schoch, Linyan Meng, Szabolcs Szelinger, David R Bearden, Asbjorg Stray-Pedersen, Oyvind L Busk, Nicholas Stong, Eriskay Liston, Ronald D Cohn, Fernando Scaglia, Jill A Rosenfeld, Jennifer Tarpinian, Cara M Skraban, Matthew A Deardorff, Jeremy N Friedman, Zeynep Coban Akdemir, Nicole Walley, Mohamad A Mikati, Peter G Kranz, Joan Jasien, Allyn McConkie-Rosell, Marie McDonald, Stephanie Burns Wechsler, Michael Freemark, Sujay Kansagra, Sharon Freedman, Deeksha Bali, Francisca Millan, Sherri Bale, Stanley F Nelson, Hane Lee, Naghmeh Dorrani, David B Goldstein, Rui Xiao, Yaping Yang, Jennifer E Posey, Julian A Martinez-Agosto, James R Lupski, Michael F Wangler, Vandana Shashi
Whole-exome sequencing (WES) has increasingly enabled new pathogenic gene variant identification for undiagnosed neurodevelopmental disorders and provided insights into both gene function and disease biology. Here, we describe seven children with a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by microcephaly, profound developmental delays and/or intellectual disability, cataracts, severe epilepsy including infantile spasms, irritability, failure to thrive, and stereotypic hand movements. Brain imaging in these individuals reveals delay in myelination and cerebral atrophy...
February 2, 2017: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130738/high-job-demands-still-engaged-and-not-burned-out-the-role-of-job-crafting
#17
Jari J Hakanen, Piia Seppälä, Maria C W Peeters
PURPOSE: Traditionally, employee well-being has been considered as resulting from decent working conditions arranged by the organization. Much less is known about whether employees themselves can make self-initiated changes to their work, i.e., craft their jobs, in order to stay well, even in highly demanding work situations. The aim of this study was to use the job demands-resources (JD-R model) to investigate whether job crafting buffers the negative impacts of four types of job demands (workload, emotional dissonance, work contents, and physical demands) on burnout and work engagement...
January 27, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130603/linked-hospital-and-primary-care-database-analysis-of-the-impact-of-short-term-complications-on-recurrence-in-laparoscopic-inguinal-hernia-repair
#18
G Bouras, E M Burns, A M Howell, A Bottle, T Athanasiou, A Darzi
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of short-term complications on recurrence following laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair using routine data. BACKGROUND: Linked primary and secondary care databases can evaluate the quality of inguinal hernia surgery by quantifying short- and long-term outcome together. METHODS: Longitudinal analysis of linked primary care (Clinical Practice Research Datalink) and hospital administrative (Hospital Episodes Statistics) databases quantified 30-day complications (wound infection and bleeding) and surgery for recurrence after primary repair performed between 1st April 1997 and 31st March 2012...
January 27, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130024/acute-generalized-erythrodermic-pustular-psoriasis-associated-with-bupropion-naltrexone-contrave-%C3%A2
#19
Priyanka A Singh, Kerry P Cassel, Ronald M Moscati, David Eckersley
BACKGROUND: We report a case of erythrodermic pustular psoriasis associated with initiation of bupropion/naltrexone (Contrave®; Orexigen Therapeutics, La Jolla, CA) in a patient with no history of psoriasis. CASE REPORT: A 55-year-old woman was transferred to our tertiary medical center from a community hospital for possible Stevens-Johnson syndrome 3 weeks after initiation of bupropion/naltrexone. The patient was admitted to the burn unit for wound treatment and hydration...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123862/staged-excisions-of-moderate-sized-burns-compared-with-total-excision-with-immediate-autograft-an-evaluation-of-two-strategies
#20
Moustafa Elmasry, Ingrid Steinvall, Johan Thorfinn, Islam Abdelrahman, Pia Olofsson, Folke Sjoberg
BACKGROUND: Different surgical techniques have evolved since excision and autografting became the treatment of choice for deep burns in the 1970s. The treatment plan at the Burn Center, Linköping University Hospital, Sweden, has shifted from single-stage excision and immediate autografting to staged excisions and temporary cover with xenografts before autografting. The aim of this study was to find out if the change in policy resulted in extended duration of hospital stay/total body surface area burned (LOS/TBSA%)...
2017: International Journal of Burns and Trauma
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