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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783267/-conceptual-approaches-to-the-investigation-of-a-problem-of-professional-training-of-physical-therapists
#1
Anna V Fastivetz, Pavlo V Khomenko, Inna E Shaparenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction:The level of people's health and its preservation is a medical problem that requires the optimal solution and the need to improve the management of the system of measures to achieve the goal. According to specialists, the health of Ukrainian people is accompanied by high mortality, significant parameters of disability and morbidity and a decrease in the average life expectancy. Diseases that lead to such negative medical and social and socio-economic consequences are so-called "illnesses of a way of life" or "diseases of civilization"...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783256/-psychological-features-of-the-motivation-component-in-the-training-of-doctors-in-the-system-of-postgraduate-education
#2
Svitlana Koshova, Viktoriia Horachuk, Valerii Pishchykov
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Тhe problem of motivating adult learning in postgraduate education has so far been the subject of study primarily in methodological and pedagogical studies. They focus on the analysis of the content side of the motivation of adult learning activities. As for the problem of the dynamics of motivation for adult learning activities, including for doctors in the system of postgraduate medical education with continuous professional development, it has not been sufficiently studied so far...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783252/the-analytical-prognosis-of-the-susceptibility-to-aminoglycosides-and-doxycycline-inacinetobacter-baumanniiisoolated-from-burns-of-intensive-care-unit-patients
#3
Vasyl I Nahaichuk, Oleksandr A Nazarchuk, Neonila I Osadchuk, Dmytro V Dmytriiev, Halyna H Nazarchuk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Clinical strains of A.baumannii are becoming highly important in hospital-acquired infections, especially because of their association with low susceptibility to antibiotics, which requires in-depth study with a prognostic determination of the dynamics of antimicrobial efficacy of antibiotics. The aim was to investigate of prognostic models of aminoglycoside antibiotics effectiveness on the basis of the mathematical analysis of real susceptibility of A.baumannii clinical strains, isolated from patients in BICU...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783249/prognosis-of-ischaemic-heart-disease-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-dm-type-2-by-logistic-regression
#4
Alina Urbanovych, Halyna Suslyk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) type 2 is an important medical and social problem all around the world. One of the most serious and widespread complications of DM type 2 is a damage to the cardiovascular system. The aim was to study the way of how to predict the IHD development in patients with the newly diagnosed DM type 2 by building a mathematical model with the help of statistical method, in particular, a logistic regression, which allows predicting the occurrence of IHD by the levels of proven biochemical and anthropometric indices...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783241/-assessment-of-the-life-quality-for-patients-with-chronic-pancreatitis
#5
Viktor A Ohniev, Pavlo O Trehub
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The relevance of study, assessment and prediction of the life quality of patients with chronic pancreatitis to improve the provision of medical care and rehabilitation is high, since it allows to solve a number of important medical, social and economic problems of society. The aim: The aim: To study, evaluate and develop a model for the quality of life assessment in patients with chronic pancreatitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The primary material was the results of a sociological study of patients with chronic pancreatitis conducted by the authors - 300 questionnaires...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783239/studying-the-skills-attitudes-on-factors-affecting-dental-health-of-children
#6
Iryna A Holovanova, Natalia A Lyakhova, Olga V Sheshukova, Valentina P Trufanova, Sofia S Bauman, Alevtina N Bilous, Oleg N Nesterenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Nowadays, the high level of dental morbidity among children is an urgent medical problem. Healthy lifestyles and sanitary-hygienic upbringing in the family is most important components of the formation of dental health of children. But in order to be able to teach their children, parents need to be themselves knowledgeable about hygiene and prevention, have the necessary skills and desire to instill it in their children. The aim: The aim of our study was to assess the level of awareness of schoolchildren parents about the factors affecting the dental health of their children according to the questionnaire...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783231/allergenic-weed-pollen-forecast-under-the-mathematical-modeling-method-implementation-in-ukraine
#7
Irina I Motruk, Michael Yu Antomonov, Victoria V Rodinkova, Olena E Aleksandrova, Oleh V Yermishev
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Allergies are the most common reason of the chronic diseases in developed countries and represent an important medical, social and economic issue, the relevance of which is growing both in these countries and in Ukraine. The most famous of these allergens group is the pollen of ambrosia and pollen of poaceae, which are ubiquitously distributed in the subtropical and temperate climate. The aim: The objective of our study was to develop the mathematical models, which will be able to indicate the probability of the pollen circulation, and thus these models can simplify the forecast of symptoms risk and improve the prophylaxis of pollinosis...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783217/-clinical-and-economic-aspects-of-professional-oral-hygiene
#8
Volodymyr S Melnik, Lyudmila F Horzov
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Health care is important in all age groups. Good hygienic care is a vital aspect of it. The examination of the dental status in different groups of the adult population records low hygienic indicators, including those of young age. Against this backdrop, there is an urgent need to increase the role of professional hygiene of the oral cavity. The aim: The aim of the study. Identify the clinical and economic aspects of occupational hygiene in young people between the ages of 22 and 35...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783216/-complex-of-psycho-hygienic-correction-measures-of-personality-features-of-hiv-infected-men-and-evaluation-of-their-efficiency
#9
Ihor V Serheta, Oksana B Dudarenko, Olha P Mostova, Tetiana V Lobastova, Vitalii M Andriichuk, Larysa M Vakolyuk, Olha M Yakubovska
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: In addition to adequate diagnosis and treatment of HIV-infected individuals, development, scientific substantiation and implementation of psycho-hygienic measures aimed at correcting the processes of forming personality traits and improving the psycho-emotional state of HIV-infected individuals are of particular importance. The aim: The purpose of the scientific research was to determine the most significant changes of situational and personal anxiety indicators, the degree of gravity of the asthenic state and depressive manifestations that were recorded in the context of the introduction of a number of measures for psycho-hygienic correction...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783215/the-changes-of-some-bioregulators-and-gas-transmitters-in-patients-with-hypertonic-disease-under-the-influence-of-physical-loading
#10
Iryna S Dronyk, Ostap H Yavorsky, Olexandr Y Sklyarov
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Nowadays arterial hypertension is supposed to be a pathogenetic factor of numerous cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and 18% cases of the preterm death. Due to the data of the American Heart Association in 77% of patients, who had stroke, the arterial pressure overexceeded 140/90 mm Hg. In Ukraine, according to the epidemiologic study more than 1/3 of the population have increased arterial pressure. One of the extremely important aspects of struggle with CVD is diagnosis and prevention of hypertonic disease...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783211/-the-association-between-enpp1-rs997509-polymorphism-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-development-in-ukrainian-population
#11
Irina V Marchenko, Yevhen I Dubovyk, Gennadii F Tkach, Olena S Maksymova, Olha I Matlai, Alexander V Ataman, Viktoriia Yu Harbuzova
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Genome-Wide Association Studies have identified a large number of polymorphic loci associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Ectonucleotide Pyrophosphatase/Phosphodiesterase 1 (ENPP1) gene is one of the candidate genes which have primary importance in T2DM development. Several studies revealed the association between ENPP1 polymorphisms, including rs997509, and T2DM, obesity, insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome in different populations. The aim: To test the association between ENPP1 rs997509 polymorphism and T2DM development in patients with different risk factors in the Ukrainian population...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783201/n-4-18-f-fluorobenzyl-cholylglycine-a-novel-tracer-for-pet-of-enterohepatic-circulation-of-bile-acids-radiosynthesis-and-proof-of-concept-studies-in-rats
#12
Kim Frisch, Damion H R Stimson, Taracad Venkatachalam, Gregory K Pierens, Susanne Keiding, David Reutens, Rajiv Bhalla
INTRODUCTION: Enterohepatic circulation (EHC) of conjugated bile acids is an important physiological process crucial for regulation of intracellular concentrations of bile acids and their function as detergents and signal carriers. Only few bile acid-derived imaging agents have been synthesized and hitherto none have been evaluated for studies of EHC. We hypothesized that N-(4-[18 F]fluorobenzyl)cholylglycine ([18 F]FBCGly), a novel fluorine-18 labeled derivative of endogenous cholylglycine, would be a suitable tracer for PET of the EHC of conjugated bile acids, and we report here a radiosynthesis of [18 F]FBCGly and a proof-of-concept study by PET/MR in rats...
May 4, 2018: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783200/blood-lead-and-cadmium-levels-in-preschool-children-and-associated-risk-factors-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#13
Kelly Polido Kaneshiro Olympio, Júlia Prestes da Rocha Silva, Agnes Soares da Silva, Vanessa Cristina de Oliveira Souza, Marília Afonso Rabelo Buzalaf, Fernando Barbosa, Maria Regina Alves Cardoso
In Brazil, there are scarce data on lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) contamination, especially for more vulnerable populations such as preschool children. In this paper, we answer two questions: (1) What are the exposure levels of lead and cadmium in preschool children, in Sao Paulo, Brazil? and (2) What are the risk factors associated with this exposure? This cross-sectional study included 50 day care centers (DCCs), totaling 2463 children aged 1-4 years. Venous blood samples were analyzed by ICP-MS. Questionnaires were administered to the parents...
May 18, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783199/inhalational-exposure-to-particulate-matter-air-pollution-alters-the-composition-of-the-gut-microbiome
#14
Ece A Mutlu, Işın Y Comba, Takugo Cho, Phillip A Engen, Cemal Yazıcı, Saul Soberanes, Robert B Hamanaka, Recep Niğdelioğlu, Angelo Y Meliton, Andrew J Ghio, G R Scott Budinger, Gökhan M Mutlu
Recent studies suggest an association between particulate matter (PM) air pollution and gastrointestinal (GI) disease. In addition to direct deposition, PM can be indirectly deposited in oropharynx via mucociliary clearance and upon swallowing of saliva and mucus. Within the GI tract, PM may alter the GI epithelium and gut microbiome. Our goal was to determine the effect of PM on gut microbiota in a murine model of PM exposure via inhalation. C57BL/6 mice were exposed via inhalation to either concentrated ambient particles or filtered air for 8-h per day, 5-days a week, for a total of 3-weeks...
May 18, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783198/toxicity-assessment-of-metal-oxide-nano-pollutants-on-tomato-solanum-lycopersicon-a-study-on-growth-dynamics-and-plant-cell-death
#15
Bilal Ahmed, Mohammad Saghir Khan, Javed Musarrat
The present study for the first time demonstrated the interactions of metal oxide (MO) nano-pollutants (CuO and Al2 O3 -NPs) with tissues and cellular DNA of tomato plants grown in soil sand: silt: clay (667:190:143) and Hoagland-hydroponic system and assessed the hazardous effects of NPs on cell physiology and biochemistry. Results of SEM equipped with EDX revealed attachment of variably shaped CuO-NPs (18 nm) and Al2 O3 -NPs (21 nm) on roots, and internalization followed by translocation in plants by ICP-MS and TEM...
May 18, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783192/interaction-of-dna-and-mononucleotides-with-theophylline-investigated-using-electrochemical-biosensors-and-biosensing
#16
Katarína Nemčeková, Ján Labuda, Viktor Milata, Jana Blaškovičová, Jozef Sochr
The understanding of DNA-drug interaction mechanism is among the important aspects of biological studies for drug design, discovery and pharmaceutical development processes. Published rather detailed FTIR and UV-visible spectroscopic studies on the interactions of theophylline, theobromine and caffeine with calf thymus DNA have shown effective binding of these methylxanthine derivatives to DNA and RNA involving H-bonds. However, to our knowledge, there is no such investigation using electrochemical approach...
May 3, 2018: Bioelectrochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783170/impact-of-long-term-salinity-exposure-in-anaerobic-membrane-bioreactors-treating-phenolic-wastewater-performance-robustness-and-endured-microbial-community
#17
Julian D Muñoz Sierra, Margreet J Oosterkamp, Wei Wang, Henri Spanjers, Jules B van Lier
Industrial wastewaters are becoming increasingly associated with extreme conditions such as the presence of refractory compounds and high salinity that adversely affect biomass retention or reduce biological activity. Hence, this study evaluated the impact of long-term salinity increase to 20 gNa+ .L-1 on the bioconversion performance and microbial community composition in anaerobic membrane bioreactors treating phenolic wastewater. Phenol removal efficiency of up to 99.9% was achieved at 14 gNa+ .L-1 . Phenol conversion rates of 5...
May 7, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783160/children-s-sleep-problems-are-associated-with-poorer-student-teacher-relationship-quality
#18
Alex S Holdaway, Stephen P Becker
OBJECTIVE: Children's sleep problems are associated with poorer student functioning in the school environment, including impairment in peer relationships; yet, no studies have examined sleep functioning in relation to the student-teacher relationship. The objective of this study was to examine whether child-rated total sleep problems or specific sleep problem domains (bedtime problems, nighttime problems, or daytime sleepiness) were associated with teacher-rated student-teacher closeness and conflict after controlling for student mental health symptoms known to be associated with both greater sleep problems and poorer student-teacher relationship quality...
December 20, 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783126/systemic-therapy-for-intermediate-and-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-sorafenib-and-beyond
#19
REVIEW
Jean-Luc Raoul, Masatoshi Kudo, Richard S Finn, Julien Edeline, Maria Reig, Peter R Galle
The hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treatment landscape changed a decade ago, with sorafenib demonstrating survival benefit in the first-line setting and becoming the first systemic therapy to be approved for HCC. More recently, regorafenib and nivolumab have received approval in the second-line setting after sorafenib, with further positive phase 3 studies emerging in the first line (lenvatinib non-inferior to sorafenib) and second line versus placebo (cabozantinib and ramucirumab). A key recommendation in the management of patients receiving sorafenib is to promote close communication between the patient and the physician so that adverse events (AEs) are detected early and severe AEs can be prevented...
May 17, 2018: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783124/neural-organization-of-ventral-white-matter-tracts-parallels-the-initial-steps-of-reading-development-a-dti-tractography-study
#20
Jolijn Vanderauwera, Astrid De Vos, Stephanie J Forkel, Marco Catani, Jan Wouters, Maaike Vandermosten, Pol Ghesquière
Insight in the developmental trajectory of the neuroanatomical reading correlates is important to understand related cognitive processes and disorders. In adults, a dual pathway model has been suggested encompassing a dorsal phonological and a ventral orthographic white matter system. This dichotomy seems not present in pre-readers, and the specific role of ventral white matter in reading remains unclear. Therefore, the present longitudinal study investigated the relation between ventral white matter and cognitive processes underlying reading in children with a broad range of reading skills (n = 61)...
May 18, 2018: Brain and Language
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