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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828065/regenerate-bone-fracture-rate-following-femoral-lengthening-in-paediatric-patients
#1
N G Burke, A J Cassar-Gheiti, J Tan, G McHugh, B J O'Neil, M Noonan, D Moore
PURPOSE: Femoral lengthening using a circular or mono-lateral frame is a commonly used technique. Fracture at the site of the regenerate bone is a major concern especially following removal of the external fixator. This aim of this study was to assess the rate of fracture of the regenerate bone in this single surgeon series of paediatric patients and determine potential risk factors. METHODS: Retrospective review of all the femoral lengthening performed by the senior author was performed...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827210/mobile-app-to-streamline-the-development-of-wearable-sensor-based-exercise-biofeedback-systems-system-development-and-evaluation
#2
Martin O'Reilly, Joe Duffin, Tomas Ward, Brian Caulfield
BACKGROUND: Biofeedback systems that use inertial measurement units (IMUs) have been shown recently to have the ability to objectively assess exercise technique. However, there are a number of challenges in developing such systems; vast amounts of IMU exercise datasets must be collected and manually labeled for each exercise variation, and naturally occurring technique deviations may not be well detected. One method of combatting these issues is through the development of personalized exercise technique classifiers...
August 21, 2017: JMIR Rehabil Assist Technol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826745/does-continuous-infusion-of-local-anaesthesia-improve-pain-control-and-walking-distance-after-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Serena S Hong, Jennifer A Alison, Maree A Milross, Kristy Robledo, Rebecca Dignan
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of continuous infusion of ropivacaine compared to sham infusion or usual care on pain scores before and after physiotherapy treatment, distance walked and time to discharge from physiotherapy, after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. DESIGN: Prospective, randomised, double blind controlled trial. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-five participants who underwent CABG surgery with left internal mammary artery grafts were allocated, to the ropivacaine group (n=26), the sham group (n=25), or usual care group (n=24)...
February 21, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826744/exploring-physiotherapists-experiences-of-implementing-a-cognitive-behavioural-approach-for-managing-low-back-pain-and-identifying-barriers-to-long-term-implementation
#4
Helen Richmond, Amanda M Hall, Zara Hansen, Esther Williamson, David Davies, Sarah E Lamb
OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were two-fold: (i) to describe physiotherapists' experiences of implementing a cognitive behavioural approach (CBA) for managing low back pain (LBP) after completing an extensive online training course (iBeST), and (ii) to identify how iBeST could be enhanced to support long-term implementation before scale up for widespread use. DESIGN: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 11 physiotherapists from six National Health Service departments in the Midlands, Oxfordshire and Derbyshire...
June 1, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823022/long-term-bisphosphonate-therapy-in-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#5
REVIEW
A Biggin, C F Munns
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a genetic bone disorder resulting in bone fragility. It has a heterogeneous phenotype which typically includes reduced bone mass, multiple fractures, deformity, and chronic disability. Bisphosphonate treatment remains the first-line medical management, but there is still debate on aspects of its effectiveness. This review summarizes current knowledge about long-term bisphosphonate use in OI with recommendations on clinical application...
August 19, 2017: Current Osteoporosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822601/training-in-multiple-breath-washout-testing-for-respiratory-physiotherapists
#6
Katherine O'Neill, J Stuart Elborn, Michael M Tunney, Philip O'Neill, Stephen Rowan, Susan Martin, Judy M Bradley
INTRODUCTION: The development of multiple breath washout (MBW) testing in respiratory disease highlights the need for increased awareness amongst respiratory physiotherapists and a potential opportunity for professional development in the use of an important outcome measure for clinical trials. OBJECTIVES: To rationalise how MBW may be a useful assessment tool for respiratory physiotherapists and to describe a local MBW training and certification programme for physiotherapists...
April 25, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822327/improvements-in-balance-control-in-individuals-with-pcs-detected-following-vestibular-training-a-case-study
#7
Alyssa Prangley, Mathew Aggerholm, Michael Cinelli
Concussed individuals have been found to experience balance deficits in the anterior-posterior (AP) direction as indicated by greater Center of Pressure (COP) displacement and velocity. One possible reason for this change in balance control could be due to damage to the lateral vestibulospinal tract which sends signals to control posterior muscles, specifically ankle extensors leading to compensatory torques about the ankle. The purpose of the study was to quantify balance assessments in individuals experiencing persistent post-concussion symptoms (PCS) to determine balance control changes following a vestibular training intervention...
August 8, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821284/physical-exercise-following-esophageal-cancer-treatment-perfect-study-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Jonna K van Vulpen, Peter D Siersema, Richard van Hillegersberg, Grard A P Nieuwenhuijzen, Ewout A Kouwenhoven, Richard P R Groenendijk, Donald L van der Peet, Eric J Hazebroek, Camiel Rosman, Carlo C G Schippers, Elles Steenhagen, Petra H M Peeters, Anne M May
BACKGROUND: Following esophagectomy, esophageal cancer patients experience a clinically relevant deterioration of health-related quality of life, both on the short- and long-term. With the currently growing number of esophageal cancer survivors, the burden of disease- and treatment-related complaints and symptoms becomes more relevant. This emphasizes the need for interventions aimed at improving quality of life. Beneficial effects of post-operative physical exercise have been reported in several cancer types, but so far comparable evidence in esophageal cancer patients is lacking...
August 18, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820738/the-effects-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-on-short-interval-intracortical-inhibition-and-intracortical-facilitation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Mana Biabani, Maryam Aminitehrani, Maryam Zoghi, Michael Farrell, Gary Egan, Shapour Jaberzadeh
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is increasingly being used to affect the neurological conditions with deficient intracortical synaptic activities (i.e. Parkinson's disease and epilepsy). In addition, it is suggested that the lasting effects of tDCS on corticospinal excitability (CSE) have intracortical origin. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to examine whether tDCS has any effect on intracortical circuits. Eleven electronic databases were searched for the studies investigating intracortical changes induced by anodal (a) and cathodal (c) tDCS, in healthy individuals, using two paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) paradigms: short-interval intracortical inhibition (SICI) and intracortical facilitation (ICF)...
August 18, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820617/patient-centeredness-in-physiotherapy-what-does-it-entail-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#10
Amarins J Wijma, Anouck N Bletterman, Jacqui R Clark, Sigrid C J M Vervoort, Anneke Beetsma, Doeke Keizer, Jo Nijs, C Paul Van Wilgen
PURPOSE: The literature review is aimed at examining and summarizing themes related to patient-centeredness identified in qualitative research from the perspectives of patients and physiotherapists. Following the review, a secondary aim was to synthesize the themes to construct a proposed conceptual framework for utilization within physiotherapy. METHODS: A systematic search of qualitative studies was conducted including all articles up to 2015 September. Methodological quality was examined with a checklist...
August 18, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819679/neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-is-effective-in-strengthening-the-quadriceps-muscle-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-surgery
#11
REVIEW
Annette V Hauger, M P Reiman, J M Bjordal, C Sheets, L Ledbetter, A P Goode
PURPOSE: Reduced ability to contract the quadriceps muscles is often found immediately following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgery. This can lead to muscle atrophy and decreased function. Application of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) may be a useful adjunct intervention to ameliorate these deficits following ACL surgery. The purpose of this review was to determine whether NMES in addition to standard physical therapy is superior to standard physical therapy alone in improving quadriceps strength or physical function following ACL surgery...
August 17, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819604/posterior-knee-loose-bodies-treated-by-posterior-knee-arthroscopy
#12
Ho Lam Chai, Tun Hing Lui
INTRODUCTION: The posterior portion of the knee joint, which includes the tibial attachment of the posterior cruciate ligament and the posterior horn of the menisci, has been called a "blind spot" because it is difficult to observe this area under arthroscopy through standard anterior portals. Posteromedial, posterolateral, and posterior transseptal portals have been developed for visualization and instrumentation of the posteromedial and posterolateral compartments of the knee joint...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819602/fracture-dislocation-of-shoulder-with-brachial-plexus-palsy-a-case-report-and-review-of-management-options
#13
Sameer Rathore, Srinivas Kasha, Srinivas Yeggana
INTRODUCTION: Injuries causing fracture dislocation of shoulder and brachial plexus palsy are extremely rare. As per authors' knowledge, three part fracture of proximal humerus with shoulder dislocation and brachial plexus palsy has not been reported in the literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A 53 year old female sustained a three part fracture of right proximal humerus along with dislocation of shoulder joint and brachial plexus palsy following a fall from a flight of stairs...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819597/case-report-oblique-fracture-of-the-ulnar-sesamoid-bone-of-the-metacarpophalangeal-joint-a-rare-pathology
#14
Dauwe Jan, Van der Cruyssen Fréderic, De Smet Luc
INTRODUCTION: Fractures of the sesamoid bones of the metacarpophalangeal joint (MCPJ) are a rare pathology in hand trauma. Only a few case reports and case series were found in literature. The diagnosis of an ulnar sesamoid bone fracture of the MCPJ is difficult and can pose a differential diagnostic problem with Stener lesions or ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) instability. This pathology is frequently missed with subsequent poor functional outcomes. Correct and early diagnosis is important as this will allow for correct treatment with full recovery of function without sequelae...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818450/development-and-delivery-of-a-physiotherapist-led-exercise-intervention-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial-for-subacromial-impingement-syndrome-the-support-trial
#15
Kay Stevenson, Sue Jackson, Julie Shufflebotham, Edward Roddy, Nadine E Foster
PURPOSE: This paper describes the development, content and delivery of a physiotherapist- led individualised, supervised and progressed exercise programme for use in a factorial randomised controlled trial testing treatments for subacromial impingement syndrome. METHODS: To develop the intervention, a survey of community physiotherapists and national guidelines provided the basis for a consensus workshop through which a protocol was developed for the SUPPORT trial physiotherapist-led exercise programme (SUPPORT: SUbacromial impingement syndrome and Pain: a randomised controlled trial Of exeRcise and injection)...
March 24, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818085/a-rare-case-of-acute-toxoplasmosis-in-a-stray-dog-due-to-infection-of-t-gondii-clonal-type-i-public-health-concern-in-urban-settings-with-stray-animals
#16
Sergio Migliore, Salvatore La Marca, Cristian Stabile, Vincenzo Di Marco Lo Presti, Maria Vitale
BACKGROUND: Typing of Toxoplasma gondii strains is important in epidemiological surveys, to understand the distribution and virulence of different clones of the parasite among human and animal populations. Stray dogs can be consider sentinel animals for contaminated environments playing an important but probably under- evaluated role in the epidemiology of T. gondii. We reported a rare case of acute toxoplasmosis in a stray dog due to clonal type I infection. The clonal type I, sporadic in Europe, is frequently associated with severe toxoplasmosis in humans and the control of its circulation is particularly relevant for public health...
August 17, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818057/effect-of-counselling-during-pulmonary-rehabilitation-on-self-determined-motivation-towards-physical-activity-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-protocol-of-a-mixed-methods-study
#17
Anne-Kathrin Rausch-Osthoff, Nicola Greco, Ariane Schwank, Swantje Beyer, David Gisi, Mandy Scheermesser, André Meichtry, Noriane Sievi, Thomas Hess, Markus Wirz
BACKGROUND: Physical activity promotion in people with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is focus of research and public health. Patient-centred interventions like counselling are promising approaches to help patients reducing sedentary behaviour. Aim of the present study is to investigate if a physical activity counselling program during pulmonary rehabilitation increases physical activity level in daily life in people with COPD. METHODS: A two-armed, single blind randomised controlled trial including 56 people with COPD will be conducted in an outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation...
August 17, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816591/final-year-physiotherapy-student-s-reliability-in-chest-x-ray-interpretation
#18
Valerie Ball, Caren Sze Chui, Yun-Perng Lian, Laksmini Lingeswaran
BACKGROUND: Newly qualified physiotherapists may be required to interpret an unreported chest X-ray (CXR) as part of their physiotherapy assessment in "on call" situations. Their interpretation may influence the patient management strategies they adopt. There is no research published which have tested the reliability of final year physiotherapy students in CXR interpretation. METHODS: Twenty-five final year physiotherapy students were asked to view and interpret the findings of six CXRs, together with a brief vignette, typical of a single commonly encountered diagnosis...
August 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816578/cost-analysis-of-telerehabilitation-after-arthroscopic-subacromial-decompression
#19
Jose Manuel Pastora-Bernal, Rocío Martín-Valero, Francisco Javier Barón-López
Background Subacromial impingement syndrome poses a substantial socioeconomic burden, leading to significant consumption of healthcare. Health systems are calling for greater evidence of economic impacts of particular healthcare services. Telerehabilitation programmes have the potential to reduce costs and improve patient access as an alternative to traditional care. Cost analysis has been traditionally included in study protocols and results, although the reliability and research methodology have frequently been under debate...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816575/cross-cultural-translation-validity-and-reliability-of-the-french-version-of-the-neurophysiology-of-pain-questionnaire
#20
Christophe Demoulin, Pauline Brasseur, Nathalie Roussel, Clara Brereton, Fabienne Humblet, Daniel Flynn, Julien Van Beveren, Thomas Osinsky, Anne-Françoise Donneau, Jean-Michel Crielaard, Marc Vanderthommen, Olivier Bruyère
Pain physiology education is an important component in the management of patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain. The Neurophysiology of Pain Questionnaire (NPQ) was developed in English to assess pain physiology knowledge in patients. This study aimed to translate the NPQ into French (NPQ-Fr) and to investigate the main psychometric properties of the NPQ-Fr. The translation was performed using the best practice translation guidelines. One hundred and one French-speaking patients with chronic non-specific spinal pain completed the NPQ-Fr to assess its acceptability and presence of floor/ceiling effects and test its dimensionality...
August 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
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