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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451065/shoulder-and-arm-muscle-activity-during-elastic-band-exercises-performed-in-a-hospital-bed
#1
Sebastian Skals, Jonas Vinstrup, Emil Sundstrup, Markus D Jakobsen, Christoffer H Andersen, Lars L Andersen
OBJECTIVE: Muscle atrophy is a common side-effect of bed rest during hospitalization. However, resistance training may minimize or even prevent these complications. Therefore, we evaluated the efficiency of four upper-body elastic resistance exercises that could be performed while lying or sitting in a hospital bed. METHODS: Twenty-two healthy subjects performed three repetitions of each exercise in a supine and seated position with a perceived intensity of 3 (low) and 8 (high) on the Borg CR10 Scale...
February 16, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449945/psychosocial-factors-associated-with-change-in-pain-and-disability-outcomes-in-chronic-low-back-pain-patients-treated-by-physiotherapist-a-systematic-review
#2
Ahmed Alhowimel, Mazyad AlOtaibi, Kathryn Radford, Neil Coulson
Background: Almost 80% of people have low back pain at least once in their life. Clinical guidelines emphasize the use of conservative physiotherapy and the importance of staying active. While the psychological factors predicting poor recovery following surgical intervention are understood, the psychosocial factors associated with poor outcomes following physiotherapy have yet to be identified. Methods: Electronic searches of PubMed, Medline, CINAHL, PsycINFO and EBSCO were conducted using terms relating to psychosocial factors, chronic low back pain, disability and physiotherapy...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449765/application-of-the-mckenzie-system-of-mechanical-diagnosis-and-therapy-mdt-in-patients-with-shoulder-pain-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#3
Afshin Heidar Abady, Richard Rosedale, Bert M Chesworth, Michael A Rotondi, Tom J Overend
Objectives: The primary objective was to determine if the pain and function response to the McKenzie system of Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy (MDT) differs by MDT classification category at two and four weeks following the start of MDT treatment for shoulder complaints. The secondary objective was to describe the frequency of discharge over time by MDT classification. Methods: International, MDT-trained study collaborators recruited 93 patients attending physiotherapy for rehabilitation of a shoulder problem...
December 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447492/physiotherapists-management-of-challenging-situations-in-guiding-people-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-to-health-enhancing-physical-activity
#4
Thomas Nessen, Christina H Opava, Cathrin Martin, Ingrid Demmelmaier
OBJECTIVES: To explore strategies used by physiotherapists (PTs) in guiding people with rheumatoid arthritis to health-enhancing physical activity (HEPA) in a group setting during a 1-year intervention study. METHODS: Exploratory design with qualitative video analysis performed in three steps. Eleven female PTs were video recorded while leading support group sessions aiming at facilitating HEPA (twice-weekly exercise sessions at public gyms and 150 weekly minutes of moderately intense aerobic physical activity)...
February 15, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446066/resource-use-during-the-last-6-months-of-life-of-individuals-dying-with-and-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#5
Kristof Faes, Joachim Cohen, Lieven Annemans
OBJECTIVES: To compare resource use during the last 6 months of life of individuals diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease (AD) but for whom AD was not formally identified as the underlying cause of death (dying with AD) with that of those who had AD as underlying cause of death (dying of AD). DESIGN: Full-population retrospective analysis. SETTING: Belgium. PARTICIPANTS: All Belgian decedents in 2012. MEASUREMENTS: We linked participants' healthcare, population, and death certificate data...
February 15, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445967/the-use-of-free-nonvascularized-fibular-graft-in-the-induced-membrane-technique-to-manage-post-traumatic-bone-defects
#6
Barakat El-Alfy, Mazen Abulsaad, Wail Lotfy Abdelnaby
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study is to assess the results of free nonvascularized fibular graft in the induced membrane technique to manage bone defects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients with segmental skeletal defects were treated by the induced membrane technique using free nonvascularized fibular graft. The ages ranged from 20 to 48 years with an average of 32 years. The cause of the defects was post-traumatic bone loss in all cases. The defects were located in the distal femur in nine cases, proximal tibia in two cases and middle third of the tibia in four cases...
February 14, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445775/torsion-bottle-a-very-simple-reliable-and-cheap-tool-for-a-basic-scoliosis-screening
#7
Michele Romano, Matteo Mastrantonio
Background: One of the reasons that make scoliosis a disease that scares so much the parents is its specific characteristic of being difficult to detect on its onset.The aim of this paper is to check the possible usefulness of a simple tool (the torsion bottle) that has been developed with the aim to offer an instrument for home use by parents but also for screening purposes in the low-income countries. Methods: Study design: retrospective analysis to evaluate intra-operator reliability of the tools and inter-operator repeatability using the torsion bottle...
2018: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445465/the-physiotherapeutic-variable-approach-technique-an-example-of-neuromotor-adaptation-conveyed-by-the-neuromuscular-spindle
#8
Maria Russo, Giuseppe Cultrera
The subcortical systems control the proper functioning of the automatic substrate required for movement. Such a substrate is often underestimated to give attention to voluntary movement. By applying Variable Approach technique, it is possible to communicate with automatic systems through muscular spindles to achieve a more functional volunteer movement.
February 2018: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444179/capability-beliefs-on-and-use-of-evidence-based-practice-among-four-health-professional-and-student-groups-in-geriatric-care-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Anne-Marie Boström, Disa K Sommerfeld, Annika W Stenhols, Anna Kiessling
Implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP) is a complex task. This study, conducted in an acute geriatric setting, aims to compare self-reported capability beliefs on EBP between health professionals and students, and to compare the use of EBP between health professional groups. Occupational therapists, physicians, physiotherapists and registered nurses with three or more months' employment, and all students from the occupational therapy, medical, physiotherapy and nursing programs, who had conducted workplace learning at the department, were invited...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442142/classic-papers-on-pelvic-floor-physiotherapy-the-most-frequently-cited-articles-in-three-decades-1983-2013
#10
REVIEW
Alexandre Fornari, Cristiane Carboni
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Pelvic floor physiotherapy has been utilized extensively over the past decades for the treatment of pelvic floor dysfunctions. The aim of this study was to identify and characterize the most frequently cited articles on pelvic floor physiotherapy published in the last 30 years. METHODS: A PubMed search of all articles published between 1983 and 2013 was performed. Articles with more than 100 citations were identified as "classic," and were further analyzed based on author names, year of publication, journal of publication, subject, study design, country of research, and number of citations...
February 13, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441450/photobiomodulation-improves-motor-response-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-submitted-to-electromyographic-evaluation-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Fernanda Cordeiro da Silva, Andréa Oliver Gomes, Paulo Roberto da Costa Palácio, Fabiano Politti, Daniela de Fátima Teixeira da Silva, Raquel Agnelli Mesquita-Ferrari, Kristianne Porta Santos Fernandes, Sandra Kalil Bussadori
Photobiomodulation is a treatment that has been widely used in neurotrauma and neurodegenerative diseases. In the present study, low-level laser therapy was administered to patients with spinal cord injury. Twenty-five individuals were divided into two groups: placebo photobiomodulation plus physiotherapy and active photobiomodulation plus physiotherapy. Electromyographic evaluations were performed before and after 12 sessions of phototherapy as well as 30 days after the end of treatment. In the active phototherapy group, median frequency values of the brachial biceps and femoral quadriceps muscles were higher at rest and during isotonic contraction 30 days after photobiomodulation (p = 0...
February 13, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440883/do-not-do-in-copd-consensus-statement-on-overuse
#12
Felipe Villar-Álvarez, Raúl Moreno-Zabaleta, Jose Joaquin Mira-Solves, Eduardo Calvo-Corbella, Salvador Díaz-Lobato, Fernando González-Torralba, Ascensión Hernando-Sanz, Sara Núñez-Palomo, Sergio Salgado-Aranda, Beatriz Simón-Rodríguez, Paz Vaquero-Lozano, Isabel María Navarro-Soler
Background: To identify practices that do not add value, cause harm, or subject patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to a level of risk that outweighs possible benefits (overuse). Methods: A qualitative approach was applied. First, a multidisciplinary group of healthcare professionals used the Metaplan technique to draft and rank a list of overused procedures as well as self-care practices in patients with stable and exacerbated COPD. Second, in successive consensus-building rounds, description files were created for each "do not do" (DND) recommendation, consisting of a definition, description, quality of supporting evidence for the recommendation, and the indicator used to measure the degree of overuse...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440143/exploring-the-lived-experience-and-chronic-low-back-pain-beliefs-of-english-speaking-punjabi-and-white-british-people-a-qualitative-study-within-the-nhs
#13
Gurpreet Singh, Christopher Newton, Kieran O'Sullivan, Andrew Soundy, Nicola R Heneghan
INTRODUCTION: Disabling chronic low back pain (CLBP) is associated with negative beliefs and behaviours, which are influenced by culture, religion and interactions with healthcare practitioners (HCPs). In the UK, HCPs encounter people from different cultures and ethnic backgrounds, with South Asian Indians (including Punjabis) forming the largest ethnic minority group. Better understanding of the beliefs and experiences of ethnic minorities with CLBP might inform effective management...
February 11, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439843/development-and-reliability-of-the-rating-of-compensatory-movements-in-upper-limb-prosthesis-wearers-during-work-related-tasks
#14
Tallie M J van der Laan, Sietke G Postema, Michiel F Reneman, Raoul M Bongers, Corry K van der Sluis
STUDY DESIGN: Reliability study. INTRODUCTION: Quantifying compensatory movements during work-related tasks may help to prevent musculoskeletal complaints in individuals with upper limb absence. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: (1) To develop a qualitative scoring system for rating compensatory shoulder and trunk movements in upper limb prosthesis wearers during the performance of functional capacity evaluation tests adjusted for use by 1-handed individuals (functional capacity evaluation-one handed [FCE-OH]); (2) to examine the interrater and intrarater reliability of the scoring system; and (3) to assess its feasibility...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439375/burnout-and-work-related-stress-in-italian-rehabilitation-professionals-a-comparison-of-physiotherapists-speech-therapists-and-occupational-therapists
#15
Marco Bruschini, Antonella Carli, Franco Burla
BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers are exposed to work related stresses that significantly increase their risk of burnout. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare burnout and work related stress levels in three categories of health professionals: physiotherapists, speech therapists and occupational therapists. METHODS: A convenience sample of 391 health professionals participated, including 210 physiotherapists, 101 speech therapists and 80 occupational therapists...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439362/effects-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-on-walking-ability-after-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Yi Li, Jingjing Fan, Jingyi Yang, Chengqi He, Shasha Li
BACKGROUND: As a promising technique, transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has gained so much attention in its potential effects on functional recovery of lower limb following stroke. However, individual studies have yielded inconsistent or conflicting results. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of tDCS for the functional recovery of lower limb following stroke reported in the randomized controlled trials by using a meta-analysis. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Web of Science, CENTRAL, and Physiotherapy Evidence Database was comprehensively searched for randomized controlled trials published until April 2017 that investigated the effects of tDCS on lower limb function...
2018: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438554/microwave-diathermy-in-physiotherapy-introduction-and-evaluation-of-a-quality-control-procedure
#17
Constantinos Koutsojannis, Andreas Andrikopoulos, Adam Adamopoulos, Ioannis Seimenis
Microwave diathermies (MWDs) are electromagnetic (EM) radiation emitting systems that are used by physiotherapists for thermotherapy treatment. Although this form of therapy is widely available in most physiotherapy units worldwide, management of the equipment is not obligatory addressed either by clinical engineers or medical physicists. A novel quality control (QC) protocol for MWD equipment, examining mechanical, electrical and electronic condition, the power output and EM radiation distribution in the electrotherapy room, was used during a national QC survey...
February 9, 2018: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437484/the-effects-of-thai-yoga-on-physical-fitness-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-control-trials
#18
Chuenjid Kongkaew, Parinya Lertsinthai, Katechan Jampachaisri, Pajaree Mongkhon, Peerapong Meesomperm, Kunwarang Kornkaew, Phichamon Malaiwong
OBJECTIVES: Thai yoga is a traditional Thai exercise used for improving health-related physical fitness. Many studies have evaluated these effects, but their results remain inconclusive. This meta-analysis aimed to examine the effectiveness of Thai yoga on physical fitness. DESIGN/METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane library, Thai Library Integrated System (ThaiLis), Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), National Rehabilitation Information Center (Rehabdata), Scopus, Web of Science, Thai University library databases/journals, and Thai Physical Therapy database up to March 2016 were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examining the effect of Thai yoga exercise compared with normal daily activities as controls, in any language...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436373/electroacupuncture-for-the-treatment-of-calcific-tendonitis-a-pilot-study
#19
Georgios Papadopoulos, Alexandros Mavrodontidis, Antonia Liarmakopoulou, Petros Tzimas P, Georgios Angelidakis, Panagiotis Koulouvaris, Anastasios Petrou
Current treatment for calcific tendonitis consists of arm rest, anti-inflammatory medications and corticosteroid injections. If unsuccessful, a lot of clinicians suggest several physiotherapy modalities, such as shockwave therapy and electrotherapy. The purpose of our study was to assess the efficacy of electroacupuncture, as a substitute for failed medical treatment in calcific tendonitis. In a pilot study, we prospectively followed ten patients, treated with electroacupuncture for calcific tendonitis, that failed to respond to medical treatment...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435499/2016-sosort-guidelines-orthopaedic-and-rehabilitation-treatment-of-idiopathic-scoliosis-during-growth
#20
REVIEW
Stefano Negrini, Sabrina Donzelli, Angelo Gabriele Aulisa, Dariusz Czaprowski, Sanja Schreiber, Jean Claude de Mauroy, Helmut Diers, Theodoros B Grivas, Patrick Knott, Tomasz Kotwicki, Andrea Lebel, Cindy Marti, Toru Maruyama, Joe O'Brien, Nigel Price, Eric Parent, Manuel Rigo, Michele Romano, Luke Stikeleather, James Wynne, Fabio Zaina
Background: The International Scientific Society on Scoliosis Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Treatment (SOSORT) produced its first guidelines in 2005 and renewed them in 2011. Recently published high-quality clinical trials on the effect of conservative treatment approaches (braces and exercises) for idiopathic scoliosis prompted us to update the last guidelines' version. The objective was to align the guidelines with the new scientific evidence to assure faster knowledge transfer into clinical practice of conservative treatment for idiopathic scoliosis (CTIS)...
2018: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
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