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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646745/automatic-postural-responses-are-generated-according-to-feet-orientation-and-perturbation-magnitude
#1
Nametala Maia Azzi, Daniel Boari Coelho, Luis Augusto Teixeira
This investigation aimed to assess the effect of feet orientation angle in upright stance on automatic postural responses (APRs) to mechanical perturbations of different magnitudes. Perturbation was produced by releasing suddenly a load attached to the participant's trunk, leading to forward body sway. We evaluated APRs to loads corresponding to 5% (low) and 10% (high) of the participant's body weight, comparing the following feet orientations: parallel, preferred (M=10.46°), 15° and 30° for each foot regarding the body midline...
June 21, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633059/adverse-family-experiences-and-flourishing-amongst-children-ages-6-17-years-2011-12-national-survey-of-children-s-health
#2
Tammie Y Kwong, Donald K Hayes
Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are prevalent in the population and linked to various negative long-term health and social consequences. However, due to the retrospective nature of most studies on the topic, little is currently known regarding ACEs' immediate health impact. This study aims to provide insight into this area by examining the association between a new measurement, Adverse Family Experiences (AFEs), and flourishing amongst children ages 6-17 years in the United States. Data from the 2011/12 National Survey of Children's Health were analyzed...
June 21, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632094/the-interactive-effects-of-social-support-and-physical-functioning-on-hiv-medical-outcomes-among-african-americans-whom-inject-drugs
#3
Allysha C Maragh-Bass, Julie A Denison, Roland J Thorpe, Amy R Knowlton
Research suggests a syndemic of substance use, mental illness, and familial conflict is associated with poor HIV medical outcomes among African American persons living with HIV (PLHIV). Social support may facilitate positive health outcomes. This study explores psychosocial correlates of HIV medical outcomes, defined as undetectable viral load (UVL) and acute care minimization. Data were from baseline of the BEACON study (N = 351). UVL was ≤40 copies/mL. Acute care minimization was defined as no ER visits and/or hospitalizations in 6 months...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629756/nasal-colonization-of-staphylococcus-aureus-colonal-complex-5-prevalence-influencing-factors-and-phenotypic-and-molecular-characteristics-in-pregnant-chinese-women
#4
Jialing Lin, Chuanan Wu, Qianting Ou, Dongxin Lin, Ting Zhang, Chan Bai, Haoqu Zheng, Jiaping Ye, Xiaojie Wang, Ying Li, Xiaohua Ye, Zhenjiang Yao
BACKGROUND: Colonal complex 5 (CC5) has been referred to as the most pandemic community-associated Staphylococcus aureus in most Asian countries. However, few studies have focused on CC5 isolates in pregnant women. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and phenotypic and molecular characteristics of S aureus and methicillin-resistant S aureus (MRSA) CC5 nasal colonization in pregnant Chinese women. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study between August and November 2015 in 2 hospitals in Shenzhen, China...
June 16, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628854/prevalence-and-predictors-of-hcv-among-a-cohort-of-opioid-treatment-patients-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#5
Barrot H Lambdin, Jennifer Lorvick, Jessie K Mbwambo, John Rwegasha, Saria Hassan, Paula Lum, Alex H Kral
BACKGROUND: The government of Tanzania launched an opioid treatment program (OTP), using methadone, in Dar es Salaam in February of 2011. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally, especially among people who inject drugs (PWID). We conducted a cross-sectional study among PWID engaged in OTP in Dar es Salaam to describe the prevalence and predictors of HCV antibody serostatus. METHODS: Routine programmatic data on patients enrolled in Muhimbili National Hospital's OTP clinic from February 2011 to January 2013 were utilized...
June 16, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628527/antiretroviral-prescription-and-viral-suppression-in-a-representative-sample-of-hiv-infected-persons-in-care-in-four-large-metropolitan-areas-of-the-united-states-medical-monitoring-project-2011-figure-dash-2013
#6
Amy Rock Wohl, Nanette Benbow, Judith Tejero, Christopher Johnson, Susan Scheer, Kathleen Brady, Alexandra Gagner, Alison Hughes, Michael Eberhart, Christine Mattson, Jacek Skarbinski
BACKGROUND: Comparisons of ART prescription and viral suppression among people in HIV care across U.S. metropolitan areas are limited. 2011-2013 Medical Monitoring Project data were used to describe and compare associations between socio-demographics and ART prescription and viral suppression for persons receiving HIV care. SETTING: Chicago, Los Angeles County (LAC), Philadelphia, and San Francisco in the United States. METHODS: Bivariate and multivariable methods were used...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626810/human-papillomavirus-hpv-in-young-women-in-britain-population-based-evidence-of-the-effectiveness-of-the-bivalent-immunisation-programme-and-burden-of-quadrivalent-and-9-valent-vaccine-types
#7
Clare Tanton, David Mesher, Simon Beddows, Kate Soldan, Soazig Clifton, Kavita Panwar, Nigel Field, Catherine H Mercer, Anne M Johnson, Pam Sonnenberg
BACKGROUND: In 2008, the UK introduced an HPV immunisation programme in girls. Population-based prevalence estimates of bivalent (HPV-16/18), quadrivalent (HPV-6/11/16/18) and 9-valent (HPV-6/11/16/18/31/33/45/52/58) vaccine types, and comparison over time, are needed to monitor impact, evaluate effectiveness and guide decision-making on vaccination strategies. METHODS: The third National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal-3) in 2010-12, tested urine for HPV from 2569 sexually-experienced women aged 16-44...
June 2017: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624763/electronic-cigarette-use-among-us-adults-in-the-population-assessment-of-tobacco-and-health-path-study-2013-2014
#8
Blair N Coleman, Brian Rostron, Sarah E Johnson, Bridget K Ambrose, Jennifer Pearson, Cassandra A Stanton, Baoguang Wang, Cristine Delnevo, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Heather L Kimmel, Maciej L Goniewicz, Raymond Niaura, David Abrams, Kevin P Conway, Nicolette Borek, Wilson M Compton, Andrew Hyland
BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use in the USA is increasing. As such, it is critical to understand who uses e-cigarettes, how e-cigarettes are used and what types of products are prevalent. This study assesses patterns of current e-cigarette use among daily and non-daily adult users in the 2013-2014 Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study. METHODS: We examined the proportion of current adult e-cigarette users (n=3642) reporting infrequent use (use on 'some days' and use on 0-2 of the past 30 days), moderate use (use on 'some days' and use on >2 of the past 30 days) and daily use...
June 17, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622838/do-patients-requiring-a-multivisceral-resection-for-rectal-cancer-have-worse-oncologic-outcomes-than-patients-undergoing-only-abdominoperineal-resection
#9
Eslam M G Dosokey, Justin T Brady, Ruel Neupane, Murad A Jabir, Sharon L Stein, Harry L Reynolds, Conor P Delaney, Scott R Steele
INTRODUCTION: Abdominoperineal Resection (APR) remains an important option for patients with advanced rectal cancer though some may require multivisceral resection (MVR) in addition to APR. We hypothesized that oncological outcomes would be worse with MVR. METHODS: A retrospective review from 2006 to 2015 of 161 patients undergoing APR or MVR for rectal cancer, of whom 118 underwent curative APR or APR with MVR. Perioperative, oncologic and survival metrics were evaluated...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619746/informal-regionalization-of-pediatric-fracture-care-in-the-greater-toronto-area-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#10
Daniel Pincus, Steven Morrison, Martin F Gargan, Mark W Camp
BACKGROUND: Operative management of pediatric fractures is an expected competency in the specialty of Orthopedic Surgery. However, specialized pediatric centres may be providing care for increasing numbers of patients with fractures previously treated at community hospitals. The primary objective of this study was to examine trends in presentation of children with fractures to a specialized pediatric centre. METHODS: We performed a detailed chart review to examine trends in presentation of children aged 14 years or less with supracondylar humerus or femur fractures to a specialized pediatric centre (Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto) from anywhere in the Greater Toronto Area between Apr...
June 14, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617026/-the-next-big-five-inventory-bfi-2-developing-and-assessing-a-hierarchical-model-with-15-facets-to-enhance-bandwidth-fidelity-and-predictive-power-correction-to-soto-and-john-2016
#11
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "The Next Big Five Inventory (BFI-2): Developing and Assessing a Hierarchical Model With 15 Facets to Enhance Bandwidth, Fidelity, and Predictive Power" by Christopher J. Soto and Oliver P. John (Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Apr 7, 2016, np). In the article, all citations to McCrae and Costa (2008), except for the instance in which it appears in the first paragraph of the introduction, should instead appear as McCrae and Costa (2010). The complete citation should read as follows: McCrae, R...
July 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615726/microfluidic-co-cultures-of-retinal-pigment-epithelial-cells-and-vascular-endothelial-cells-to-investigate-choroidal-angiogenesis
#12
Li-Jiun Chen, Shuntaro Ito, Hiroyuki Kai, Kuniaki Nagamine, Nobuhiro Nagai, Matsuhiko Nishizawa, Toshiaki Abe, Hirokazu Kaji
Angiogenesis plays a critical role in many diseases, including macular degeneration. At present, the pathological mechanisms remain unclear while appropriate models dissecting regulation of angiogenic processes are lacking. We propose an in vitro angiogenesis process and test it by examining the co-culture of human retinal pigmental epithelial cells (ARPE-19) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) inside a microfluidic device. From characterisation of the APRE-19 monoculture, the tight junction protein (ZO-1) was found on the cells cultured in the microfluidic device but changes in the medium conditions did not affect the integrity of monolayers found in the permeability tests...
June 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612537/-convention-ultrasound-and-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-imaging-in-the-diagnosis-of-placenta-implantation
#13
Wen Xiong, Hong Luo
OBJECTIVES: To determine the value of conventional ultrasound (US) and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in the diagnosis of placenta residue with implantation. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 112 cases of placenta remnants from Apr. 2013 to Mar. 2016, all of which were confirmed by pathological results. The cases were divided into implanted (n =74) and non-implanted (n =38) groups. We compared the characteristics of US and CEUS imaging between the two groups...
March 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610935/prone-positioning-reduces-perineal-infections-when-performing-the-miles-procedure
#14
Anne M Dinaux, Ramzi Amri, David L Berger
BACKGROUND: Abdominoperineal resection (APR) remains the cornerstone treatment for rectal cancers less than 5 cm from the anal verge. The perineal portion of an APR can be done with the patient in lithotomy or repositioned to prone jack-knife position, which influences accessibility, visualization and ability to close the wound. This paper analyses the effect of patient positioning on perineal wound dehiscence and infections. METHODS: A retrospective review of all rectal cancer patients who underwent an APR at Massachusetts General Hospital between 2004 and 2014 (n = 149)...
June 10, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608792/sexually-transmitted-infection-prevention-with-long-acting-reversible-contraception-factors-associated-with-dual-use
#15
Erika L Thompson, Cheryl A Vamos, Stacey B Griner, Rachel Logan, Coralia Vázquez-Otero, Ellen M Daley
BACKGROUND: Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) is extremely effective in preventing pregnancy; however, it does not provide sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention. Therefore, dual use is recommended for the prevention of STIs, in addition to pregnancy, by using LARC methods with condoms. This study assessed factors associated with LARC only use and dual-LARC and condom use among college women. METHODS: The National College Health Assessment-II Fall 2012 to 2013 was used for this analysis...
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606898/carotenoids-buffer-the-acute-phase-response-on-fever-sickness-behavior-and-rapid-bill-color-change-in-zebra-finches
#16
Deanna R Broughton, Brent C Schneider, Kevin J McGraw, Daniel R Ardia
Carotenoids are finite resources that animals can allocate to self-maintenance, attractiveness, or reproduction. Here we test how carotenoids affect the acute phase response (APR), an intense rapid systemic response characterized by fever, sickness behavior, and production of acute phase proteins, which serves to reduce pathogen persistence. We conducted a 2x2 factorial design experiment in captive adult male and female zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata) to determine the effects of carotenoid supplementation on the intensity of the APR...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604430/trends-in-internet-use-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-united-states
#17
Gabriela Paz-Bailey, Brooke E Hoots, Mingjing Xia, Teresa Finlayson, Joseph Prejean, David W Purcell
BACKGROUND: Internet-based platforms are increasingly prominent interfaces for social and sexual networking among men who have sex with men (MSM). METHODS: MSM were recruited through venue-based sampling in 2008, 2011, and 2014 in 20 US cities. We examined changes in internet use (IU) to meet men and in meeting the last partner online among MSM from 2008 to 2014 using Poisson regression with generalized estimating equations to calculate adjusted prevalence ratios (APRs)...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604429/characteristics-and-risk-behaviors-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-women-compared-with-men-who-have-sex-with-men-20-us-cities-2011-and-2014
#18
Shaun Shadaker, Matthew Magee, Gabriela Paz-Bailey, Brooke E Hoots
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are heterogeneous with respect to sexual behavior. We examined differences in sex behaviors between men who have sex with men and women (MSMW) and men who have sex with men only (MSMO). METHODS: Data for this analysis were from MSM who participated in National HIV Behavioral Surveillance in 2011 and 2014. We used the combined years to evaluate demographic and behavioral differences between MSMW and MSMO. Using log-linked Poisson regression models, adjusted prevalence ratios (aPR) were calculated for behavioral outcomes...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604426/incarceration-sexual-risk-related-behaviors-and-hiv-infection-among-women-at-increased-risk-of-hiv-infection-20-united-states-cities
#19
Akilah Wise, Teresa Finlayson, Lina Nerlander, Catlainn Sionean, Gabriela Paz-Bailey
BACKGROUND: Women involved in the criminal justice system experience multiple risk factors that increase the likelihood of acquiring HIV infection. We evaluated the prevalence of incarceration and compared behaviors among women with and without an incarceration history. METHODS: We use the 2013 National HIV Behavioral Surveillance data, which uses respondent-driven sampling. We evaluate the association between incarceration and the following past 12 months outcomes: exchange sex, multiple casual sex partners (≥3), multiple condomless sex partners (≥3), HIV test, and sexually transmitted infection diagnoses...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602716/tracking-the-amyloidogenic-core-of-iapp-amyloid-fibrils-insights-from-micro-raman-spectroscopy
#20
Nikolaos N Louros, Paraskevi L Tsiolaki, Fotis A Baltoumas, Georgios D Chryssikos, Vassilis Gionis, Stavros J Hamodrakas, Vassiliki A Iconomidou
Human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP) is the major protein component of extracellular amyloid deposits, located in the islets of Langerhans, a hallmark of type II diabetes. The underlying mechanisms of IAPP aggregation have not yet been clearly defined, although the highly amyloidogenic sequence of the protein has been extensively studied. Several segments have been highlighted as aggregation-prone regions (APRs), with much attention focused on the central 8-17 and 20-29 stretches. In this work, we employ micro-Raman spectroscopy to identify specific regions that are contributing to or are excluded from the amyloidogenic core of IAPP amyloid fibrils...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Structural Biology
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