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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712150/the-effect-of-young-children-s-faeces-disposal-practices-on-child-growth-evidence-from-34-countries
#1
Valerie Bauza, Jeremy S Guest
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the relationship between child faeces disposal and child growth in low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: We analysed caregiver responses and anthropometric data from Demographic and Health Surveys (2005-2014) for 202,614 children under five and 82,949 children under two to examine the association between child faeces disposal and child growth. RESULTS: Child faeces disposal in an improved toilet was associated with reduced stunting for children under five [adjusted prevalence ratio (aPR)=0...
July 16, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702180/abdominal-perineal-resection-or-wilde-local-excision-in-primary-anorectal-malignant-melanoma-case-report-and-review
#2
Saverio Latteri, Michele Teodoro, Michele Malaguarnera, Maurizio Mannino, Giuseppe Currò, Gaetano La Greca
INTRODUCTION: Primary anorectal malignant melanoma is a rare and aggressive tumor that carries a poor prognosis. Anorectal melanoma (ARM) is often misdiagnosed as hemorrhoids adenocarcinoma polips and rectal cancer. ARM spreads along sub-mucosal planes and is often to wide-spread for complete resection at time of diagnosis and almost all patients die because of metastases. PRESENTATION OF THE CASE: A 77-year-old male patient presented a history of recurrent rectal bleeding and whose histopathological diagnosis was melanoma...
July 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696692/evaluating-force-field-performance-in-thermodynamic-calculations-of-cyclodextrin-host-guest-binding-water-models-partial-charges-and-host-force-field-parameters
#3
Niel M Henriksen, Michael K Gilson
Computational prediction of noncovalent binding free energies with methods based on molecular mechanical force fields has become increasingly routine in drug discovery projects, where they promise to speed the discovery of small molecule ligands to bind targeted proteins with high affinity. Because the reliability of free energy methods still has significant room for improvement, new force fields, or modifications of existing ones, are regularly introduced with the aim of improving the accuracy of molecular simulations...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691770/influence-of-the-water-phase-state-on-the-thermodynamics-of-aqueous-phase-reforming-for-hydrogen-production
#4
Séverine Le Gac, Renée M Ripken, Jan Meuldijk, Johannes G E Gardeniers
Hydrogen is a promising renewable energy source that can be produced from biomass using Aqueous Phase Reforming (APR). Here, using data obtained from AspenPlus and the literature, we evaluated the phase state, temperature-dependent enthalpy, and Gibbs free energy for the APR of small biomass model substrates. Phase equilibrium studies reveal that, under typical APR reaction conditions, the reaction mixture is in the liquid phase. Therefore, we show for the first time that the water-gas-shift (WGS), which is the second main reaction of APR, must be modeled in the liquid phase, resulting in an endothermic instead of an exothermic enthalpy of reaction...
July 10, 2017: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689321/underestimated-risk-of-cancer-in-solitary-thyroid-nodules-%C3%A2-3%C3%A2-cm-reported-as-benign
#5
Sohail Bakkar, Anello Marcello Poma, Caterina Corsini, Mario Miccoli, Carlo Enrico Ambrosini, Paolo Miccoli
BACKGROUND: The study aims to assess the risk of cancer in solitary thyroid nodules ≥30 mm in size reported as Bethesda II, and its implications. METHOD: The clinical records of 202 patients, who underwent thyroid lobectomy for solitary nodules measuring ≥30 mm, reported as Bethesda II on preoperative FNAC between Jan 2015 and Apr 2016 were reviewed. Data collected included nodule size and consistency, and final histopathology results. The risk of cancer and the recommended management according to ATA guidelines were the outcomes of interest...
July 8, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689119/long-term-net-transformation-and-quantitative-molecular-mechanisms-of-soil-nitrogen-during-natural-vegetation-recovery-of-abandoned-farmland-on-the-loess-plateau-of-china
#6
Honglei Wang, Na Deng, Duoyang Wu, Shu Hu, Meng Kou
The availability of nitrogen (N) can alter vegetation species composition and diversity in degraded ecosystems. A comprehensive understanding of the dynamic fate of ammonium (NH4(+)-N) and nitrate (NO3(-)-N) processing and the underlying mechanisms are still lacking, particularly in arid to semi-arid degraded ecosystems. We compared and quantified the changes in the rates of net ammonification (Ra), nitrification (Rn) and total mineralization (Rm) and the abundance of bacteria, archaea, and microbial genes related to N transformation on the northern Loess Plateau of China across a 40-year chronosequence of farmland undergoing spontaneous restoration...
July 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676129/evaluation-of-newly-proposed-remission-cut-points-for-disease-activity-score-in-28-joints-das28-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-upon-il-6-pathway-inhibition
#7
M Schoels, F Alasti, J S Smolen, D Aletaha
BACKGROUND: Stringent remission criteria are crucial in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) assessment. Disease activity score in 28 joints (DAS28)-remission has not been included among American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism definitions, because of its association with significant residual disease activity, partly due to high weighting of acute-phase reactants (APR). New, more stringent cut-points for DAS28-remission have recently been proposed that are suggested to reflect remission by clinical and simplified disease activity indices (clinical disease activity index (CDAI), simple disease activity index (SDAI))...
July 4, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671276/love-and-melancholia-in-the-analysis-of-women-by-women
#8
Rosine Jozef Perelberg
This paper suggests that in the analysis of women by women a melancholic core may be encountered at the centre of the transference/countertransference situation that is an expression of the loss of the primary maternal object that has never been mourned. The attachment to the primary, lost object may be preserved in a melancholic, invisible way, and the longing that it is connected to might only reach representation in the après coup of the analytic process. The links between this primary love, melancholia and the unrepresentable in the analysis of women will be explored...
July 3, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671153/evaluation-of-locked-plate-in-the-osteosynthesis-of-fractures-in-osteoporotic-bones
#9
Muhammad Oboirien, Stephen Patrick Agbo, Lukman Olalekan Ajiboye
BACKGROUND: The use of conventional dynamic compression plates (DCPs) in osteoporotic bones is associated with higher chances of implant failure. The advent and use of locking combi-plates have ensured a stable construct during osteosynthesis of fractures in osteoporotic bones. OBJECTIVES: The study aims to assess the outcome of use of locking combi-plates in the management of fractures in osteoporotic bones in our environment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cases of patients with nonunion and localized osteoporosis from January 2014 to December 2014 that were managed with locked combi-plates were reviewed...
July 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669217/risky-sexual-behaviors-among-malay-adolescents-a-comparison-with-chinese-adolescents-in-singapore
#10
Junice Y S Ng, Mee-Lian Wong
OBJECTIVE: Malays, with majority of the individuals being Muslim, form the largest ethnic group in Southeast Asia. This region is experiencing a rising incidence of HIV infections. Due to circumcision and prohibition of sex outside marriage, being Muslim was argued to be a protective factor against sexually transmitted infections (STI) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). However, Malay adolescents were found to be more likely to contract chlamydia and gonorrhea than non-Malay adolescents in Singapore...
July 1, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666585/variability-of-nursing-care-by-apr-drg-and-by-severity-of-illness-in-a-sample-of-nine-belgian-hospitals
#11
Víctor M González-Chordá
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665490/impact-of-china-s-essential-medicines-scheme-and-zero-mark-up-policy-on-antibiotic-prescriptions-in-county-hospitals-a-mixed-methods-study
#12
Xiaolin Wei, Jia Yin, John D Walley, Zhitong Zhang, Joseph P Hicks, Yu Zhou, Qiang Sun, Jun Zeng, Mei Lin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of the national essential medicines scheme and zero-mark-up policy on antibiotic prescribing behaviour. METHODS: In rural Guangxi, a natural experiment compared one county hospital which implemented the policy with a comparison hospital which did not. All outpatient and inpatient records in 2011 and 2014 were extracted from the two hospitals. Primary outcome indicator was antibiotic prescribing rate (APR) among children aged 2-14 presenting in outpatients with a primary diagnosis of upper respiratory tract infection (URTI)...
June 30, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665123/lutein-activates-the-transcription-factor-nrf2-in-human-retinal-pigment-epithelial-cells
#13
Katja Frede, Franziska Ebert, Anna Kipp, Tanja Schwerdtle, Susanne Baldermann
The degeneration of the retinal pigment epithelium caused by oxidative damage is a stage of development in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The carotenoid lutein is a major macular pigment that may reduce the incidence and progression of AMD, but the underlying mechanism is currently still not fully understood. Carotenoids are known to be direct antioxidants. However, carotenoids can also activate cellular pathways resulting in indirect antioxidant effects. Here, we investigate the influence of lutein on the activation of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) target genes in human retinal pigment epithelial cells (ARPE-19 cells) using lutein-loaded Tween40 micelles...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654868/simultaneous-assessment-of-absorption-characteristics-of-coumarins-from-angelicae-pubescentis-radix-in-vitro-transport-across-caco-2-cell-and-in-vivo-pharmacokinetics-in-rats-after-oral-administration
#14
Yan-Fang Yang, Lei Zhang, You-Bo Zhang, Xiu-Wei Yang
Angelicae Pubescentis Radix (APR), a well-known traditional Chinese medicine, is widely used for the treatments of rheumatism and headache for centuries. To assess the absorption characteristics of coumarins from APR, a sensitive and reliable UPLC-MS/MS method was established for the simultaneous determination of sixteen coumarins from APR, including psoralen, xanthotoxin, bergapten, bergaptol, isoimperatorin, imperatorin, columbianetin, columbianetin acetate, columbianadin, oxypeucedanin hydrate, angelol B, umbelliferone, scopoletin, osthole, meranzin hydrate and nodakenetin...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652088/electronic-cigarette-use-as-an-aid-to-quit-smoking-in-the-representative-italian-population-passi-survey
#15
Giuseppe Gorini, Gianluigi Ferrante, Elisa Quarchioni, Valentina Minardi, Maria Masocco, Pirous Fateh-Moghadam, Stefano Campostrini, Paolo D'Argenio, Daniela Galeone
This study explored electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use as an aid to quit smoking and compared abstinence rates for different quitting methods in a representative sample of the Italian population. In the 2014-2015 PASSI survey, the ongoing Italian behavioural risk factor surveillance system, 6112 adults who smoked and made at least one quit attempt in the previous 12months, were categorized into three groups according to the method used in their most recent quit attempt: e-cigarette only, no aid, other quitting methods (medications; programmes delivered in smoking cessation services; other unspecified methods)...
June 23, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648014/-clinical-efficacy-observation-of-atomization-inhalation-combined-with-oral-administration-of-oseltamivir-in-4-cases-with-h7n9-avian-influenza
#16
Z Li, X Y Fu, X B Fang, J Li, T Chen, L M Qiu, J Cai, W L Wang, Z Q Pan, Y Zhang, J L Zhou
Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy of atomization inhalation combined with oral administration of oseltamivir in treatment of human infection with H7N9 avian influenza. Methods: To analyze the clinical data of 4 patients hospitalized from Mar 6th 2017 to Apr 12th 2017 with avian influenza(H7N9) infection treated by conventional therapy(oseltamivir, 150 mg, po, Bid) plus with oseltamivir inhalation(75 mg dissolved in 20 ml N. S, Bid) and administered with antibacterial treatment, blood purification and immunomodulators...
June 27, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646745/automatic-postural-responses-are-generated-according-to-feet-orientation-and-perturbation-magnitude
#17
Nametala Maia Azzi, Daniel Boari Coelho, Luis Augusto Teixeira
This investigation aimed to assess the effect of feet orientation angle in upright stance on automatic postural responses (APRs) to mechanical perturbations of different magnitudes. Perturbation was produced by releasing suddenly a load attached to the participant's trunk, leading to forward body sway. We evaluated APRs to loads corresponding to 5% (low) and 10% (high) of the participant's body weight, comparing the following feet orientations: parallel, preferred (M=10.46°), 15° and 30° for each foot regarding the body midline...
June 21, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633059/adverse-family-experiences-and-flourishing-amongst-children-ages-6-17-years-2011-12-national-survey-of-children-s-health
#18
Tammie Y Kwong, Donald K Hayes
Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are prevalent in the population and linked to various negative long-term health and social consequences. However, due to the retrospective nature of most studies on the topic, little is currently known regarding ACEs' immediate health impact. This study aims to provide insight into this area by examining the association between a new measurement, Adverse Family Experiences (AFEs), and flourishing amongst children ages 6-17 years in the United States. Data from the 2011/12 National Survey of Children's Health were analyzed...
June 21, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632094/the-interactive-effects-of-social-support-and-physical-functioning-on-hiv-medical-outcomes-among-african-americans-whom-inject-drugs
#19
Allysha C Maragh-Bass, Julie A Denison, Roland J Thorpe, Amy R Knowlton
Research suggests a syndemic of substance use, mental illness, and familial conflict is associated with poor HIV medical outcomes among African American persons living with HIV (PLHIV). Social support may facilitate positive health outcomes. This study explores psychosocial correlates of HIV medical outcomes, defined as undetectable viral load (UVL) and acute care minimization. Data were from baseline of the BEACON study (N = 351). UVL was ≤40 copies/mL. Acute care minimization was defined as no ER visits and/or hospitalizations in 6 months...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629756/nasal-colonization-of-staphylococcus-aureus-colonal-complex-5-prevalence-influencing-factors-and-phenotypic-and-molecular-characteristics-in-pregnant-chinese-women
#20
Jialing Lin, Chuanan Wu, Qianting Ou, Dongxin Lin, Ting Zhang, Chan Bai, Haoqu Zheng, Jiaping Ye, Xiaojie Wang, Ying Li, Xiaohua Ye, Zhenjiang Yao
BACKGROUND: Colonal complex 5 (CC5) has been referred to as the most pandemic community-associated Staphylococcus aureus in most Asian countries. However, few studies have focused on CC5 isolates in pregnant women. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and phenotypic and molecular characteristics of S aureus and methicillin-resistant S aureus (MRSA) CC5 nasal colonization in pregnant Chinese women. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study between August and November 2015 in 2 hospitals in Shenzhen, China...
June 16, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
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