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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435019/epidemiology-and-trends-in-the-antibiotic-susceptibilities-of-gram-negative-bacilli-isolated-from-patients-with-intra-abdominal-infections-in-the-asia-pacific-region-2010-2013
#1
Ya-Ting Chang, Geoffrey Coombs, Thomas Ling, V Balaji, Camilla Rodrigues, Hiroshige Mikamo, Min-Ja Kim, Datin Ganeswrie Rajasekaram, Myrna Mendoza, Thean Yen Tan, Pattarachai Kiratisin, Yuxing Ni, Weinman Barry, Yingchun Xu, Yen-Hsu Chen, Po-Ren Hsueh
This study was conducted to investigate the epidemiology and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of Gram-negative bacilli (GNB) isolated from intra-abdominal infections (IAIs) in the Asia-Pacific region (APR) from 2010-2013. A total of 17 350 isolates were collected from 54 centres in 13 countries in the APR. The three most commonly isolated GNB were Escherichia coli (46.1%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (19.3%) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (9.8%). Overall, the rates of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing E...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432863/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-breast-milk-donation-in-banks-that-receive-human-milk-in-primary-health-care-units
#2
Tatiana Mota Xavier de Meneses, Maria Inês Couto de Oliveira, Cristiano Siqueira Boccolini
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and to analyze factors associated with breast milk donation at primary health care units in order to increase the human milk bank reserves. METHODS: Cross-sectional study carried out in 2013 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. A representative sample of 695 mothers of children younger than 1 year attended to at the nine primary health care units with human milk donation services were interviewed. A hierarchical approach was used to obtain adjusted prevalence ratios (APR) by Poisson regression with robust variance...
April 19, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430019/characterization-of-rph24-a-gene-conferring-adult-plant-resistance-to-puccinia-hordei-in-barley
#3
Laura A Ziems, Lee T Hickey, Gregory J Platz, Jerome D Franckowiak, Peter M Dracatos, Davinder Singh, Robert F Park
We identified Rph24 as a locus in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) controlling adult plant resistance (APR) to leaf rust, caused by Puccinia hordei. The locus was previously reported as a quantitative trait locus in barley line ND24260-1 and named qRphND. We crossed ND24260-1 to the leaf-rust-susceptible standard Gus and determined inheritance patterns in the progeny. For the comparative marker frequency analysis (MFA), resistant and susceptible tails of the F2 were genotyped with Diversity Arrays Technology genotyping-by-sequencing (DArT-Seq) markers...
April 21, 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410933/the-role-of-complement-in-the-acute-phase-response-after-burns
#4
REVIEW
H Ibrahim Korkmaz, Paul A J Krijnen, Magda M W Ulrich, E de Jong, Paul P M van Zuijlen, Hans W M Niessen
Severe burns induce a complex systemic inflammatory response characterized by a typical prolonged acute phase response (APR) that starts approximately 4-8h after-burn and persists for months up to a year after the initial burn trauma. During this APR, acute phase proteins (APPs), including C-reactive protein (CRP) and complement (e.g. C3, C4 and C5) are released in the blood, resulting amongst others, in the recruitment and migration of inflammatory cells. Although the APR is necessary for proper wound healing, a prolonged APR can induce local tissue damage, hamper the healing process and cause negative systemic effects in several organs, including the heart, lungs, kidney and the central nervous system...
April 11, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406483/apr-246-prima-1-met-inhibits-thioredoxin-reductase-1-and-converts-the-enzyme-to-a-dedicated-nadph-oxidase
#5
Xiaoxiao Peng, Mei-Qiong-Zi Zhang, Francesca Conserva, Gihan Hosny, Galina Selivanova, Vladimir Jn Bykov, Elias Sj Arnér, Klas G Wiman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406412/arthrite-apr%C3%A3-s-morsure-de-mouton
#6
P Bourée
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401692/47th-annual-scientific-meeting-of-the-australian-and-new-zealand-society-of-nuclear-medicine-hobart-tasmania-21-23-apr-2017-evidence-and-outcomes
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401116/implementation-of-an-intervention-to-reduce-population-based-screening-for-vitamin-d-deficiency-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Christopher Naugler, Brenda Hemmelgarn, Hude Quan, Fiona Clement, Tolulope Sajobi, Roger Thomas, Tanvir C Turin, William Hnydyk, Alex Chin, James Wesenberg
BACKGROUND: We describe the implementation of an intervention in Alberta in support of the Choosing Wisely Canada recommendation against population screening for vitamin D deficiency (as determined by serum total 25-hydroxyvitamin D testing). We hypothesized that the introduction of a specialized requisition for vitamin D testing would reduce the annual number of vitamin D tests performed. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional observational study that included all vitamin D tests ordered in Alberta between Apr...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399798/the-picasso-cohort-baseline-characteristics-of-a-cohort-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-male-to-female-transgender-women-at-high-risk-for-syphilis-infection-in-lima-peru
#9
Noah Kojima, Hayoung Park, Kelika A Konda, Dvora L Joseph Davey, Claire C Bristow, Brandon Brown, Segundo R Leon, Silver K Vargas, Gino M Calvo, Carlos F Caceres, Jeffrey D Klausner
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) and male-to-female transgender women (transwomen) are disproportionately at risk of syphilis infection in Peru. METHODS: From 2013 to 2014, MSM and transwomen seeking human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing and/or treatment were recruited into a 2-year observational cohort study to determine predictors of recently acquired syphilis infection (defined as a rapid plasma reagin [RPR] titer ≥1:16 and a reactive treponemal antibody test) in Lima, Peru...
April 11, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399616/orthodontic-surgical-treatment-and-respiratory-function-rhinomanometric-assessment
#10
Guido Galbiati, Cinzia Maspero, Lucia Giannini, Guia C Guenza, Federica Zanoni, Giampietro Farronato
BACKGROUND: Several correlations between morphological and/or positional alterations of the jaws and respiratory functional impairments have been reported. NAO (Nasal airway obstruction) represents a big deal with no clearly defined "gold- standard" in measurement. Rhinomanometry was adopted by multiple Authors to evaluate whether patients with malocclusion developed respiratory functional changes after an orthodontic-surgical treatment. However there are contrasting findings in literature regarding the possibility of improving respiratory function by means of SARPE or bimaxillary repositioning of the bony bases...
April 11, 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397532/availability-price-and-affordability-of-selected-essential-medicines-for-chronic-diseases-in-11-countries-of-the-asia-pacific-region-a-secondary-analysis
#11
Haipeng Wang, Qiang Sun, Agnes Vitry, Tuan Anh Nguyen
Access to affordable essential medicines for noncommunicable, chronic diseases is critical in management of the diseases. This study aims to assess the availability, prices, and affordability of medicines for common chronic diseases in the Asia Pacific Region (APR). A secondary analysis of medicines price and availability data from the Health Action International's (HAI) database was undertaken using the standardized WHO/HAI methodology. The median availability of any medicine in the public sector was 35.5% compared with 56...
April 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395444/-prognostic-value-of-dynamic-monitoring-of-runx1-runx1t1-transcript-in-pediatric-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#12
H T Gao, Y Zhang, K Sun, J M Guo, Y Q Chen, X L Chen, J Shi, X N Niu, F Wang, L Huo
Objective: To investigate the prognostic value of dynamic monitoring of RUNX1-RUNX1T1 transcript in pediatric patients with t (8;21) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) . Methods: The clinical features and RUNX1-RUNX1T1 transcript levels of 55 pediatric t (8;21) AML patients, newly diagnosed from Jan. 2010 to Apr. 2016, were analyzed retrospectively. The relationship between the minimal residual disease (MRD) and prognosis was analysed by dynamic monitoring of RUNX1-RUNX1T1 transcript levels using real-time quantitative PCR (RQ-PCR) technology...
March 14, 2017: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393303/genomic-and-pedigree-based-prediction-for-leaf-stem-and-stripe-rust-resistance-in-wheat
#13
Philomin Juliana, Ravi P Singh, Pawan K Singh, Jose Crossa, Julio Huerta-Espino, Caixia Lan, Sridhar Bhavani, Jessica E Rutkoski, Jesse A Poland, Gary C Bergstrom, Mark E Sorrells
Genomic prediction for seedling and adult plant resistance to wheat rusts was compared to prediction using few markers as fixed effects in a least-squares approach and pedigree-based prediction. The unceasing plant-pathogen arms race and ephemeral nature of some rust resistance genes have been challenging for wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) breeding programs and farmers. Hence, it is important to devise strategies for effective evaluation and exploitation of quantitative rust resistance. One promising approach that could accelerate gain from selection for rust resistance is 'genomic selection' which utilizes dense genome-wide markers to estimate the breeding values (BVs) for quantitative traits...
April 9, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385819/failure-of-fertility-therapy-and-subsequent-adverse-cardiovascular-events
#14
Jacob A Udell, Hong Lu, Donald A Redelmeier
BACKGROUND: Infertility may indicate an underlying predisposition toward premature cardiovascular disease, yet little is known about potential long-term cardiovascular events following fertility therapy. We investigated whether failure of fertility therapy is associated with subsequent adverse cardiovascular events. METHODS: We performed a population-based cohort analysis of women who received gonadotropin-based fertility therapy between Apr. 1, 1993, and Mar. 31, 2011, distinguishing those who subsequently gave birth and those who did not...
March 13, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380568/stable-isotopes-reveal-rapid-cycling-of-soil-nitrogen-after-manure-application
#15
David M Snider, Claudia Wagner-Riddle, John Spoelstra
Understanding the fate of applied nitrogen (N) in agricultural soils is important for agronomic, environmental, and human health reasons, but it is methodologically difficult to study at the field scale. Natural abundance stable isotope measurements (δN) were used in this field study with micrometeorological measurements of nitrous oxide (NO) emissions to identify the biogeochemical processes responsible for rapid N transformations immediately after application of liquid dairy manure. Fifteen samplings occurred between 16 Mar...
March 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377783/expression-of-foreign-genes-demonstrates-the-effectiveness-of-pollen-mediated-transformation-in-zea-mays
#16
Liyan Yang, Guimei Cui, Yixue Wang, Yaoshan Hao, Jianzhong Du, Hongmei Zhang, Changbiao Wang, Huanhuan Zhang, Shu-Biao Wu, Yi Sun
Plant genetic transformation has arguably been the core of plant improvement in recent decades. Efforts have been made to develop in planta transformation systems due to the limitations present in the tissue-culture-based methods. Herein, we report an improved in planta transformation system, and provide the evidence of reporter gene expression in pollen tube, embryos and stable transgenicity of the plants following pollen-mediated plant transformation with optimized sonication treatment of pollen. The results showed that the aeration at 4°C treatment of pollen grains in sucrose prior to sonication significantly improved the pollen viability leading to improved kernel set and transformation efficiency...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376759/prognostic-value-of-mri-in-arthroscopic-treatment-of-chronic-patellar-tendinopathy-a-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Peter Ogon, Kaywan Izadpanah, Helge Eberbach, Gernot Lang, Norbert P Südkamp, Dirk Maier
BACKGROUND: To date, prognostic outcome factors for patients undergoing arthroscopic treatment due to chronic patellar tendinopathy (PT) are lacking. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether preoperatively assessed MRI parameters might be of prognostic value for prediction of functional outcome and return to sports in arthroscopic treatment of chronic PT. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted including 30 cases (4 female and 24 male competitive athletes) undergoing arthroscopic patellar release (APR) due to chronic PT...
April 4, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362266/the-prevalence-of-antibiotic-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-nasal-carriage-among-industrial-hog-operation-workers-community-residents-and-children-living-in-their-households-north-carolina-usa
#18
Sarah M Hatcher, Sarah M Rhodes, Jill R Stewart, Ellen Silbergeld, Nora Pisanic, Jesper Larsen, Sharon Jiang, Amanda Krosche, Devon Hall, Karen C Carroll, Christopher D Heaney
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic use in industrial hog operations (IHOs) can support the emergence of antibiotic-resistant (ABR) Staphylococcus aureus. The extent of ABR S. aureus exposure in IHO workers and children living in their households remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: We investigated ABR S. aureus nasal carriage prevalence among adults with versus without occupational exposure to IHOs and among children living in their households. METHODS: In total, 198 IHO worker-child household pairs and 202 community referent (CR) adult-child household pairs completed a questionnaire and provided a nasal swab which was analyzed for S...
April 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361804/risk-adjusted-mortality-after-hip-replacement-surgery-a-retrospective-study
#19
Gabriele Messina, Silvia Forni, Daniele Rosadini, Manuele Falcone, Francesca Collini, Nicola Nante
INTRODUCTION: Hip replacement (HR) operations are increasing. Short term mortality is an indicator of quality; few studies include risk adjustment models to predict HR outcomes. We evaluated in-hospital and 30-day mortality in hospitalized patients for HR and compared the performance of two risk adjustment algorithms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study on hospital discharge records of patients undergoing HR from 2000 to 2005 in Tuscany Region, Italy, applied All-Patient Refined Diagnosis Related Groups (APR-DRG) and Elixhauser Index (EI) risk adjustment models to predict outcomes...
January 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357501/robot-assisted-intersphincteric-resection-facilitates-an-efficient-sphincter-saving-in-patients-with-low-rectal-cancer
#20
Jin Cheon Kim, Jong Lyul Lee, Abdulrahman Muaod Alotaibi, Yong Sik Yoon, Chan Wook Kim, In Ja Park
PURPOSE: Few investigations of robot-assisted intersphincteric resection (ISR) are presently available to support this procedure as a safe and efficient procedure. We aimed to evaluate the utility of robot-assisted ISR by comparison between ISR and abdominoperineal resection (APR) using both robot-assisted and open approaches. METHODS: The 558 patients with lower rectal cancer (LRC) who underwent curative operation was enrolled between July 2010 and June 2015 to perform either by robot-assisted (ISR vs...
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
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