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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905983/current-tobacco-use-and-its-associated-factors-among-adults-in-a-country-with-comprehensive-ban-on-tobacco-findings-from-the-nationally-representative-steps-survey-bhutan-2014
#1
Mongal Singh Gurung, Dorji Pelzom, Tandin Dorji, Wangchuk Drukpa, Chador Wangdi, Palanivel Chinnakali, Sonu Goel
BACKGROUND: Despite a comprehensive ban on cultivation, manufacture, distribution, and sale of tobacco products since 2004, two nationwide surveys conducted in 2012 and 2013 reported high tobacco use in Bhutan. National Health Survey 2012 reported that 4 % of the population aged 15-75 years used smoked tobacco and about 48 % used smokeless tobacco. Similarly, Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) of Bhutan reported tobacco use prevalence of 30.3 % in 2013. However, factors associated with this high tobacco use were not systematically studied...
August 8, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900411/inflammatory-protein-response-in-cdkl5-rett-syndrome-evidence-of-a-subclinical-smouldering-inflammation
#2
Alessio Cortelazzo, Claudio de Felice, Silvia Leoncini, Cinzia Signorini, Roberto Guerranti, Roberto Leoncini, Alessandro Armini, Luca Bini, Lucia Ciccoli, Joussef Hayek
BACKGROUND: Mutations in the cyclin-dependent kinase-like 5 gene cause a clinical variant of Rett syndrome (CDKL5-RTT). A role for the acute-phase response (APR) is emerging in typical RTT caused by methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 gene mutations (MECP2-RTT). No information is, to date, available on the inflammatory protein response in CDKL5-RTT. We evaluated, for the first time, the APR protein response in CDKL5-RTT. METHODS: Protein patterns in albumin- and IgG-depleted plasma proteome from CDKL5-RTT patients were evaluated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis/mass spectrometry...
November 29, 2016: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893263/-incidental-fear-cues-increase-monetary-loss-aversion-correction-to-schulreich-gerhardt-and-heekeren-2016
#3
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Incidental fear cues increase monetary loss aversion" by Stefan Schulreich, Holger Gerhardt and Hauke R. Heekeren (Emotion, 2016[Apr], Vol 16[3], 402-412). In the current article, there was an error in the Study 2 portion of the article. The fourth paragraph of the Results section should read as follows: Performing the same analyses as in Study 1, we found an effect of incidental fear cues on decision behavior. Participants accepted fewer gambles in the fearful-face condition (32.77%) than in the neutral-face condition (33...
December 2016: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888205/engagement-in-the-hiv-care-cascade-and-barriers-to-antiretroviral-therapy-uptake-among-female-sex-workers-in-port-elizabeth-south-africa-findings-from-a-respondent-driven-sampling-study
#4
Sheree Schwartz, Andrew Lambert, Nancy Phaswana-Mafuya, Zamakayise Kose, Mfezi Mcingana, Claire Holland, Sosthenes Ketende, Clarence Yah, Stephanie Sweitzer, Harry Hausler, Stefan Baral
BACKGROUND: Female sex workers (FSWs) are disproportionately affected by HIV, even in the context of broadly generalised HIV epidemics such as South Africa. This has been observed in spite of the individual and population-level benefits of HIV treatment. We characterise the HIV care cascade among FSWs and relationships with antiretroviral therapy (ART) use. METHODS: FSWs ≥18 years were recruited through respondent-driven sampling into a cross-sectional study in Port Elizabeth, South Africa...
November 25, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887597/technology-enhanced-multi-domain-at-home-continuum-of-care-program-with-respect-to-usual-care-for-people-with-cognitive-impairment-the-ability-telerehabilitation-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
O Realdon, F Rossetto, M Nalin, I Baroni, M Cabinio, R Fioravanti, F L Saibene, M Alberoni, F Mantovani, M Romano, R Nemni, F Baglio
BACKGROUND: According to the World Alzheimer Report (Prince, The Global Impact of Dementia: an Analysis of Prevalence, Incidence, Cost and Trends, 2015), 46.8 million people worldwide are nowadays living with dementia. And this number is estimated to approximate 131.5 million by 2050, with an increasing burden on society and families. The lack of medical treatments able to stop or slow down the course of the disease has moved the focus of interest toward the nonpharmacological approach and psychosocial therapies for people with/at risk of dementia, as in the Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) condition...
November 25, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887595/antimicrobial-stewardship-of-chinese-ministry-of-health-reduces-multidrug-resistant-organism-isolates-in-critically-ill-patients-a-pre-post-study-from-a-single-center
#6
Xudong Ma, Jianfeng Xie, Yi Yang, Fengmei Guo, Zhiwei Gao, Hua Shao, Yingzi Huang, Congshan Yang, Haibo Qiu
BACKGROUND: China's Ministry of Health (MOH) has established a policy about the antimicrobial stewardship. To date, the effects of this policy on multidrug-resistant organism (MDRO) in critically ill patients are unknown. METHODS: A pre-post study was conducted on intensive care unit (ICU) patients from June 2010 to May 2011 and from June 2012 to May 2013. Bacterial cultures were conducted at ICU admission and discharge. In June 2011, our hospital started to administer the antimicrobial stewardship program of Chinese MOH...
November 25, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885050/cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-associations-of-neighbourhood-social-environment-and-smoking-behaviour-the-multiethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#7
Stephanie L Mayne, Amy H Auchincloss, Kari A Moore, Yvonne L Michael, Loni Philip Tabb, Sandra E Echeverria, Ana V Diez Roux
BACKGROUND: Social features of neighbourhood environments may influence smoking by creating a stressful environment or by buffering stress through social cohesion. However, the association of the overall neighbourhood social environment (NSE) with smoking, and the association of specific neighbourhood social factors with change in smoking behaviour over time, has rarely been examined. METHODS: This study included 5856 adults aged 45-84 years from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (2000-2012, average follow-up: 7...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884498/early-sexual-debut-and-associated-risk-behaviors-among-sexual-minority-youth
#8
Richard Lowry, Richard Dunville, Leah Robin, Laura Kann
INTRODUCTION: Early sexual debut, sexual risk taking, substance use, violent victimization, and suicidal behaviors are more prevalent among sexual minority than sexual nonminority youth. Although associations between early sexual debut and these risk behaviors exist, little is known about such associations among sexual minority youth. This study examined these associations among sexual minority U.S. high school students and their sexual nonminority peers. METHODS: In 2015, the national Youth Risk Behavior Survey included questions assessing sexual orientation for the first time...
November 21, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882718/catching-up-or-falling-behind-continuing-wealth-disparities-for-immigrants-to-canada-by-region-of-origin-and-cohort
#9
Michelle Maroto, Laura Aylsworth
This paper investigates wealth disparities among first-generation immigrants using data from the 2012 Survey of Financial Security. We apply logistic and linear regression models to estimate disparities in homeownership and household equivalent net worth by immigrant status, region of origin, and time since arrival. By focusing on immigrant families from different regions who entered Canada at different points in time, this research applies theories related to assimilation, human capital, and structural barriers to wealth...
November 2016: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882491/influence-of-phosphorous-fertilization-on-copper-phytoextraction-and-antioxidant-defenses-in-castor-bean-ricinus-communis-l
#10
Guoyong Huang, Muhammad Shahid Rizwan, Chao Ren, Guangguang Guo, Qingling Fu, Jun Zhu, Hongqing Hu
Application of fertilizers to supply appropriate nutrients has become an essential agricultural strategy for enhancing the efficiency of phytoremediation in heavy metal contaminated soils. The present study was conducted to investigate the beneficial effects of three types of phosphate fertilizers (i.e., oxalic acid-activated phosphate rock (APR), Ca(H2PO4)2, and NaH2PO4) in the range of 0-600 mg P kg(-1) soil, on castor bean growth, antioxidants [antioxidative enzymes and glutathione (GSH)], and Cu uptake...
November 23, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881530/menstrual-cups-and-sanitary-pads-to-reduce-school-attrition-and-sexually-transmitted-and-reproductive-tract-infections-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-feasibility-study-in-rural-western-kenya
#11
Penelope A Phillips-Howard, Elizabeth Nyothach, Feiko O Ter Kuile, Jackton Omoto, Duolao Wang, Clement Zeh, Clayton Onyango, Linda Mason, Kelly T Alexander, Frank O Odhiambo, Alie Eleveld, Aisha Mohammed, Anna M van Eijk, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards, John Vulule, Brian Faragher, Kayla F Laserson
OBJECTIVES: Conduct a feasibility study on the effect of menstrual hygiene on schoolgirls' school and health (reproductive/sexual) outcomes. DESIGN: 3-arm single-site open cluster randomised controlled pilot study. SETTING: 30 primary schools in rural western Kenya, within a Health and Demographic Surveillance System. PARTICIPANTS: Primary schoolgirls 14-16 years, experienced 3 menses, no precluding disability, and resident in the study area...
November 23, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877188/identification-of-genomic-associations-for-adult-plant-resistance-in-the-background-of-popular-south-asian-wheat-cultivar-pbw343
#12
Huihui Li, Sukhwinder Singh, Sridhar Bhavani, Ravi P Singh, Deepmala Sehgal, Bhoja R Basnet, Prashant Vikram, Juan Burgueno-Ferreira, Julio Huerta-Espino
Rusts, a fungal disease as old as its host plant wheat, has caused havoc for over 8000 years. As the rust pathogens can evolve into new virulent races which quickly defeat the resistance that primarily rely on race specificity, adult plant resistance (APR) has often been found to be race non-specific and hence is considered to be a more reliable and durable strategy to combat this malady. Over decades sets of donor lines have been identified at International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) representing a wide range of APR sources in wheat...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872382/in-utero-exposure-to-lps-alters-the-postnatal-acute-phase-response-in-beef-heifers
#13
Jeffery A Carroll, Nicole C Burdick Sanchez, John D Arthingon, Corwin D Nelson, Aimee L Benjamin, Filiz T Korkmaz, David E Kerr, Phillip A Lancaster
The potential effect of prenatal LPS exposure on the postnatal acute phase response (APR) to an LPS challenge in heifers was determined. Pregnant crossbred cows were separated into prenatal immune stimulation (PIS) and saline groups (Control). From these treatments, heifer calves were identified at weaning to subsequently receive an exogenous LPS challenge. Sickness behavior scores (SBS) were recorded and blood samples were collected at 30-min intervals from -2 to 8 h and again at 24 h relative to the LPS challenge...
November 21, 2016: Innate Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871255/root-resorption-during-orthodontic-treatment-with-self-ligating-or-conventional-brackets-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Jianru Yi, Meile Li, Yu Li, Xiaobing Li, Zhihe Zhao
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the external apical root resorption (EARR) in patients receiving fixed orthodontic treatment with self-ligating or conventional brackets. METHODS: Studies comparing the EARR between orthodontic patients using self-ligating or conventional brackets were identified through electronic search in databases including CENTRAL, PubMed, EMBASE, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and SIGLE, and manual search in relevant journals and reference lists of the included studies until Apr 2016...
November 21, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850129/489-the-predictive-value-of-apr-drg-based-risk-of-death-score-in-icu-managed-adults-with-cystic-fibrosis
#15
Lavi Oud
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848926/testez-vos-connaissances-apr%C3%A3-s-votre-lecture
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Annales de Biologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843626/tumour-and-cellular-distribution-of-activated-forms-of-pr-in-breast-cancers-a-novel-immunohistochemical-analysis-of-a-large-clinical-cohort
#17
Jacques Bonneterre, Jacques Bosq, Philippe Jamme, Alexander Valent, Erard M Gilles, Alexander A Zukiwski, Suzanne A W Fuqua, Carol A Lange, Joyce O'Shaughnessy
BACKGROUND: The progesterone receptor (PR) is expressed by ∼70% of early breast tumours and is implicated in the progression of breast cancer. In cancerous tissues PR may be activated in the absence of a ligand, or when ligand concentrations are very low, resulting in aberrantly activated PR (APR). The presence of APR may indicate that patients with breast cancer are more likely to respond to antiprogestins. The aims of this study were to describe and classify the histological subnuclear morphology of active and inactive PR in archival breast cancer samples...
2016: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842907/are-enhanced-recovery-programs-in-colorectal-surgery-feasible-and-useful-in-the-elderly-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#18
M-V Launay-Savary, M Mathonnet, A Theissen, S Ostermann, A Raynaud-Simon, K Slim
INTRODUCTION: Enhanced recovery programs (ERP) are no longer questionable in the management of patients undergoing surgery. However, there is some doubt as to their feasibility and efficacy in the elderly. Our goal was to systematically review the evidence-based literature concerning the feasibility of ERP in elderly patients undergoing colorectal surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The PubMed and Cochrane Database for systematic reviews as well as the "grey" literature between 2000 and 2015 were sought...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829942/safety-and-usefulness-of-needle-guided-resection-of-levator-muscles-in-laparoscopic-abdominoperineal-resection-for-low-rectal-cancer
#19
Takehito Yamamoto, Akiyoshi Kanazawa, Hiroyuki Matsubara, Takuya Okamoto
INTRODUCTION: During laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection (APR) for low rectal cancer, it is difficult to resect the levator muscles and remove a cylindrical specimen without venturing close to the rectal wall to ensure negative circumferential resection margins (CRM). To solve this problem, we developed a needle-guided, laparoscopic, abdominoperineal resection (LAPR) technique. AIM: To present the safety and superiority of our technique, "needle-guided LAPR"...
2016: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824124/identity-of-major-sulfur-cycle-prokaryotes-in-freshwater-lake-ecosystems-revealed-by-a-comprehensive-phylogenetic-study-of-the-dissimilatory-adenylylsulfate-reductase
#20
Tomohiro Watanabe, Hisaya Kojima, Manabu Fukui
Adenylylsulfate reductase is a heterodimeric complex of two subunits, AprB and AprA, and is a key enzyme in dissimilatory sulfate reduction and sulfur oxidation. Common use of aprA as a functional marker gene has revealed the diversity of sulfur-cycle prokaryotes in diverse environments. In this study, we established a comprehensive sequence set of apr genes and employed it to reanalyze apr phylogeny, evaluate the coverage of a widely used primer set (AprA-1-FW/AprA-5-RV), and categorize environmental aprA sequences...
November 8, 2016: Scientific Reports
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