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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542459/identification-and-evaluation-of-resistance-to-powdery-mildew-and-yellow-rust-in-a-wheat-mapping-population
#1
Lijun Yang, Xuejiang Zhang, Xu Zhang, Jirui Wang, Mingcheng Luo, Mujun Yang, Hua Wang, Libo Xiang, Fansong Zeng, Dazhao Yu, Daolin Fu, Garry M Rosewarne
Deployment of cultivars with genetic resistance is an effective approach to control the diseases of powdery mildew (PM) and yellow rust (YR). Chinese wheat cultivar XK0106 exhibits high levels of resistance to both diseases, while cultivar E07901 has partial, adult plant resistance (APR). The aim of this study was to map resistance loci derived from the two cultivars and analyze their effects against PM and YR in a range of environments. A doubled haploid population (388 lines) was used to develop a framework map consisting of 117 SSR markers, while a much higher density map using the 90K Illumina iSelect SNP array was produced with a subset of 80 randomly selected lines...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542080/manuscript-title-multidisciplinary-point-of-care-testing-in-south-african-primary-healthcare-clinics-accelerates-hiv-art-initiation-but-does-not-alter-retention-in-care
#2
Wendy S Stevens, Natasha M Gous, William B MacLeod, Lawrence C Long, Ebrahim Variava, Neil A Martinson, Ian Sanne, Regina Osih, Lesley E Scott
BACKGROUND: Lack of accessible laboratory infrastructure limits HIV antiretroviral (ART) treatment initiation, monitoring and retention in many resource-limited settings. Point-of-care testing (POCT) is advocated as a mechanism to overcome these limitations. We executed a pragmatic, prospective, randomized, controlled trial comparing the impact of POCT versus standard-of-care (SOC) on treatment initiation and retention in care. METHOD: Selected POC technologies were embedded at 3 primary health clinics in South Africa...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533768/novel-large-sulfur-bacteria-in-the-metagenomes-of-groundwater-fed-chemosynthetic-microbial-mats-in-the-lake-huron-basin
#3
Allison M Sharrar, Beverly E Flood, Jake V Bailey, Daniel S Jones, Bopaiah A Biddanda, Steven A Ruberg, Daniel N Marcus, Gregory J Dick
Little is known about large sulfur bacteria (LSB) that inhabit sulfidic groundwater seeps in large lakes. To examine how geochemically relevant microbial metabolisms are partitioned among community members, we conducted metagenomic analysis of a chemosynthetic microbial mat in the Isolated Sinkhole, which is in a deep, aphotic environment of Lake Huron. For comparison, we also analyzed a white mat in an artesian fountain that is fed by groundwater similar to Isolated Sinkhole, but that sits in shallow water and is exposed to sunlight...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527614/n-o-344-salpingectomie-opportuniste-et-autres-m%C3%A3-thodes-pour-r%C3%A3-duire-le-risque-de-cancer-de-l-ovaire-de-la-trompe-de-fallope-et-du-p%C3%A3-ritoine-dans-la-population-g%C3%A3-n%C3%A3-rale
#4
Shannon Salvador, Stephanie Scott, Julie Ann Francis, Anita Agrawal, Christopher Giede
OBJECTIF: La présente directive clinique examine les avantages potentiels de la salpingectomie opportuniste pour prévenir le développement du cancer séreux de grade élevé de l'ovaire, de la trompe de Fallope et du péritoine à la lumière de données probantes actuelles selon lesquelles ce type de cancer prendrait naissance dans la trompe de Fallope. UTILISATEURS CIBLES: Gynécologues, obstétriciens, médecins de famille, infirmières autorisées, infirmières praticiennes, résidents et fournisseurs de soins de santé...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523852/preparing-adolescents-with-heart-problems-for-transition-to-adult-care-2009-2010-national-survey-of-children-with-special-health-care-needs
#5
Karrie F Downing, Matthew E Oster, Sherry L Farr
OBJECTIVE: A substantial percentage of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) fail to transfer to adult care, resulting in increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Transition planning discussions with a provider may increase rates of transfer, yet little is known about frequency and content of these discussions. We assessed prevalence and predictors of transition-related discussions between providers and parents of children with special healthcare needs (CSHCN) and heart problems, including CHD...
May 19, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511516/to-evaluate-and-compare-periodontal-disease-and-smoking-as-a-parallel-risk-factor-for-systemic-health-by-gauging-the-serum-c-reactive-protein-levels
#6
Ruchi Dinesh Raval, Payal Sharma, Sarath Chandran, Dharmesh Vasavada, Priyadarshini Nadig, Gaurav Bakutra
INTRODUCTION: Physiologic and metabolic changes that occur immediately after a damage or disease are known as Acute Phase Reaction (APR). Acute Phase Proteins (APP) are blood proteins secreted by hepatocytes during APR C-Reactive Protein (CRP) being the important one. AIM: Present study was designed to estimate and compare the levels of the serum CRP in current smokers, former smokers and non-smokers, with and without periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An experimental study was planned on 165 subjects who were divided into four groups...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506765/augmenter-of-liver-regeneration-alr-exhibits-a-dual-signaling-impact-on-hepatic-acute-phase-response
#7
Rania Dayoub, Leonhard Buerger, Sara Ibrahim, Michael Melter, Thomas S Weiss
The acute-phase response (APR) is an inflammatory process triggered mainly by IL-6 in response to neoplasm, tissue injury, infection or inflammation. Signaling of IL-6 is transduced by activating STAT3 which rapidly results in production of acute-phase proteins (APPs) such as fibrinogen β (FGB) and haptoglobin (HP). Augmenter of liver regeneration (ALR), a hepatotrophic factor supporting liver regeneration, was reported to be upregulated after liver damage. In this study we analyzed the role of ALR for IL-6 signaling and APR...
May 12, 2017: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495222/job-characteristics-associated-with-self-rated-fair-or-poor-health-among-u-s-workers
#8
Sara E Luckhaupt, Toni Alterman, Jia Li, Geoffrey M Calvert
INTRODUCTION: Approximately 60% of the U.S. adult population is employed. Many aspects of a person's job may influence health, but it is unclear which job characteristics are most strongly associated with health at a population level. The purpose of this study was to identify important associations between job characteristics and workers' self-rated health in a nationally representative survey of U.S. workers. METHODS: Data from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey were used to calculate weighted prevalence rates for self-reported fair/poor health for five categories of job characteristics: occupation; pay/benefits (economic); work organization; chemical/environmental hazards; and psychosocial factors...
May 8, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480276/prescribing-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-by-hiv-medical-providers-in-the-united-states-2013-2014
#9
John Weiser, Shikha Garg, Linda Beer, Jacek Skarbinski
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials have demonstrated the effectiveness of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for reducing HIV acquisition. Understanding how HIV care providers are prescribing PrEP is necessary to ensure success of this prevention strategy. METHODS: During 2013-2014, we surveyed US HIV care providers who also provided care to HIV-negative patients. We estimated percentages who had prescribed PrEP and assessed associations between provider characteristics and PrEP prescribing...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479968/self-reported-factors-associated-with-engagement-in-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-among-elderly-people-a-population-based-study
#10
Ramin Shiraly, Zahra Shayan, Vahid Keshtkar, Mehdi Hamed
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) typically decreases with aging, especially of moderate to vigorous level, and this change affects health outcomes of older adults. Age-related decline is not evenly distributed across elderly population and is attributed to psychosocial, physical, and environmental determinants. METHODS: We selected a sample of 1000 elderly people from urban parts of Shiraz in Southern Iran with a two-stage random sampling procedure. Self-reported PA data and correlates of moderate to vigorous activity were collected by interview with the respondents from selected households...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477432/laparoscopic-abdominoperineal-resection-with-trans-abdominal-individualized-levator-transection-interim-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Bo Feng, Jiaoyang Lu, Sen Zhang, Xialin Yan, Jianwen Li, Pei Xue, Mingliang Wang, Aiguo Lu, Junjun Ma, Lu Zang, Feng Dong, Zirui He, Fei Yue, Jing Sun, Xizhou Hong, Minhua Zheng
AIM: Extralevator abdominoperineal resection) (ELAPR) is challenging "conventional" adbominoperineal resection (APR) yet the safety and efficacy of ELAPR is still under debate. We therefore developed a laparoscopic APR with transabdominal individualized levator transection (LAPR-TILT) approach and compared the outcome with a conventional laparoscopic APR (CLAPR). METHOD: All eligible patients were entered a single center randomized controlled trial to compare CLAPR and LAPR-TILT...
May 6, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471070/performing-a-preliminary-hazard-analysis-applied-to-administration-of-injectable-drugs-to-infants
#12
Nadia Hfaiedh, Sofiane Kabiche, Catherine Delescluse, Issa-Bella Balde, Sophie Merlin, Sandra Carret, Loïc de Pontual, Jean-Eudes Fontan, Joël Schlatter
RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Errors in hospitals during the preparation and administration of intravenous drugs to infants and children have been reported to a rate of 13% to 84%. This study aimed to investigate the potential for hazardous events that may lead to an accident for preparation and administration of drug injection in a pediatric department and to describe a reduction plan of risks. METHODS: The preliminary hazard analysis (PHA) method was implemented by a multidisciplinary working group over a period of 5 months (April-August 2014) in infants aged from 28 days to 2 years...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467452/prevalence-of-anemia-and-associated-factors-in-children-living-in-urban-and-rural-settings-from-bata-district-equatorial-guinea-2013
#13
Policarpo Ncogo, Maria Romay-Barja, Agustin Benito, Pilar Aparicio, Gloria Nseng, Pedro Berzosa, Maria A Santana-Morales, Matilde Riloha, Basilio Valladares, Zaida Herrador
Anemia in children under 5 years of age is a global public health problem. According to the World Health Organization the current rate of anemia among preschool aged children in Equatorial Guinea is 66%. No information is available above this age. The cross-sectional Prevamal Survey was conducted in 2013 aimed at providing baseline data on malaria prevalence in children aged 2 months-15 years old. Sampling was carried out with the use of a multistage, stratified cluster strategy in the district of Bata, Equatorial Guinea...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464705/receipt-and-timing-of-hiv-drug-resistance-testing-in-six-u-s-jurisdictions
#14
Sharoda Dasgupta, H Irene Hall, Angela L Hernandez, M Cheryl Bañez Ocfemia, Neeraja Saduvala, Alexandra M Oster
The Department of Health and Human Services recommends drug resistance testing at linkage to HIV care. Because receipt and timing of testing are not well characterized, we examined testing patterns among persons with diagnosed HIV who are linked to care. Using surveillance data in six jurisdictions for persons aged ≥13 years with HIV infection diagnosed in 2013, we assessed the proportion receiving testing, and among these, the proportion receiving testing at linkage. Multivariable log-binomial regression modeling estimated associations between selected characteristics and receipt of testing (1) overall, and (2) at linkage among those tested...
May 3, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463448/effect-of-forced-sexual-intercourse-on-associations-between-early-sexual-debut-and-other-health-risk-behaviors-among-us-high-school-students
#15
Richard Lowry, Leah Robin, Laura Kann
BACKGROUND: Previous research on associations between early sexual debut and other health risk behaviors has not examined the effect of forced sexual intercourse on those associations. METHODS: We analyzed data from a nationally representative sample of 19,240 high school students in the United States, age ≥16 years, to describe the effect of forced sexual intercourse on associations between early sexual debut and other health risk behaviors using adjusted prevalence ratios (APR)...
June 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454526/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-preservative-free-0-0015-tafluprost-in-glaucoma-patients-a-prospective-crossover-study
#16
Wonseok Lee, Sunghoon Lee, HyoungWon Bae, Chan Yun Kim, Gong Je Seong
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work is to evaluate efficacy and tolerability of preservative containing 0.0015% tafluprost and preservative-free 0.0015% tafluprost using a prospective crossover study. METHODS: Primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) and normotensive glaucoma (NTG) patients were randomized enrolled. Group 1 ("NPT to PT") patients used preservative-free 0.0015% tafluprost (NPT) for 6 months and then changed to preservative containing 0.0015% tafluprost(PT) for 6 months...
April 28, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447818/correction-to-weststrate-and-gl%C3%A3-ck-2017
#17
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Hard-earned wisdom: Exploratory processing of difficult life experience is positively associated with wisdom" by Nic M. Weststrate and Judith Glück (Developmental Psychology, 2017[Apr], Vol 53[4], 800-814). (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2017-12497-007.) Laypersons and experts believe that wisdom is cultivated through a diverse range of positive and negative life experiences. Yet, not all individuals with life experience are wise. We propose that one possible determinant of growth in wisdom from life experience is self-reflection...
April 27, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438079/potential-non-cutaneous-sites-of-chelonid-herpesvirus-5-persistence-and-shedding-in-green-sea-turtles-chelonia-mydas
#18
Annie Page-Karjian, Nicole L Gottdenker, Jordyn Whitfield, Lawrence Herbst, Terry M Norton, Branson Ritchie
Chelonid herpesvirus 5 (ChHV5), the likely etiologic agent of sea turtle fibropapillomatosis (FP), is predicted to be unevenly distributed within an infected turtle, with productive virus replication and virion shedding occurring in cutaneous tumor keratinocytes. In this study, we measured and compared ChHV5 DNA quantities in tumors, skin, urine, major organs, and nervous tissue samples. These samples were taken from the carcasses of 10 juvenile green turtles (Chelonia mydas) with and without clinical signs of FP that stranded in Florida, USA during 2014...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Aquatic Animal Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435019/epidemiology-and-trends-in-the-antibiotic-susceptibilities-of-gram-negative-bacilli-isolated-from-patients-with-intra-abdominal-infections-in-the-asia-pacific-region-2010-2013
#19
Ya-Ting Chang, Geoffrey Coombs, Thomas Ling, V Balaji, Camilla Rodrigues, Hiroshige Mikamo, Min-Ja Kim, Datin Ganeswrie Rajasekaram, Myrna Mendoza, Thean Yen Tan, Pattarachai Kiratisin, Yuxing Ni, Weinman Barry, Yingchun Xu, Yen-Hsu Chen, Po-Ren Hsueh
This study was conducted to investigate the epidemiology and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of Gram-negative bacilli (GNB) isolated from intra-abdominal infections (IAIs) in the Asia-Pacific region (APR) from 2010-2013. A total of 17 350 isolates were collected from 54 centres in 13 countries in the APR. The three most commonly isolated GNB were Escherichia coli (46.1%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (19.3%) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (9.8%). Overall, the rates of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing E...
June 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432863/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-breast-milk-donation-in-banks-that-receive-human-milk-in-primary-health-care-units
#20
Tatiana Mota Xavier de Meneses, Maria Inês Couto de Oliveira, Cristiano Siqueira Boccolini
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and to analyze factors associated with breast milk donation at primary health care units in order to increase the human milk bank reserves. METHODS: Cross-sectional study carried out in 2013 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. A representative sample of 695 mothers of children younger than 1 year attended to at the nine primary health care units with human milk donation services were interviewed. A hierarchical approach was used to obtain adjusted prevalence ratios (APR) by Poisson regression with robust variance...
April 19, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
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