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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346168/a-new-robot-assisted-billroth-i-reconstruction-details-of-the-technique-and-early-results
#1
Graziano Ceccarelli, Luigi Marano, Massimo Codacci-Pisanelli, Enrico Andolfi, Alessia Biancafarina, Massimiliano Fabozzi, Stefano Caruso, Alberto Patriti
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery for gastric tumor is considered a demanding procedure because of lymph node dissection and reconstruction. Billroth-I (B-I) reconstruction after laparoscopic distal gastrectomy is commonly performed extracorporeally because of the complexity of an intracorporeal procedure. Robotic surgery overcomes some limitations of laparoscopy, allowing to reproduce the basic maneuvers of open surgery. We describe a new technique to perform robotic B-I anastomosis. METHODS: Between January 2012 and February 2015, 5 patients underwent distal gastrectomy with intracorporeal B-I-stapled anastomosis...
January 16, 2018: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340552/single-anastomosis-gastric-bypass-one-anastomosis-gastric-bypass-or-mini-gastric-bypass-the-experience-with-billroth-ii-must-be-considered-and-is-a-challenge-for-the-next-years
#2
Italo Braghetto, Attila Csendes
INTRODUCTION: Single anastomosis gastric bypass (one anastomosis gastric bypass or mini-gastric bypass) has been presented as an option of surgical treatment for obese patients in order to reduce operation time and avoiding eventual postoperative complications after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.The main late complication could be related to bile reflux. AIM: To report the experiences published after Billroth II anastomosis and its adverse effects regarding symptoms and damage on the gastric and esophageal mucosa ...
October 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328798/the-early-days-of-surgery-for-cardiac-injuries
#3
Harold Ellis
Over many centuries, wounds of the heart were thought to be fatal. With the introduction of first anaesthesia and then antiseptic surgery in the second half of the 19th century, there was an explosion in surgery; the abdominal cavity, the chest, the skull were explored and operated upon and yet the heart was considered to be a 'no go' region of the body. One of the greatest and most innovative surgeons of that time, Theodor Billroth of Vienna, who must be considered one of the fathers of modern surgery, with pioneering work on many parts of the body, wrote: 'The surgeon who attempts to suture a wound of the heart should lose the respect of his colleagues'...
November 2017: Journal of Perioperative Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305822/large-cell-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-arising-from-a-gastritis-cystica-polyposa
#4
Ryusaku Kusunoki, Hirofumi Fujishiro, Yuji Onoda, Shinsuke Suemitsu, Aya Fujiwara, Kousuke Tsukano, Satoshi Kotani, Daisuke Kuroki, Sayaka Ogawa, Satoshi Yamanouchi, Masahito Aimi, Satoko Ito, Youichi Miyaoka, Tatsuya Miyake, Naruaki Kohge, Tomonori Imaoka, Michio Takamura, Hideyuki Ohnuma, Shunji Ishihara, Yoshikazu Kinoshita
Gastritis cystica polyposa is a polypoid lesion that arises from the gastric mucosa at the gastrojejunal anastomotic site and is characterized by cystic dilation of the gastric glands. A 78-year-old man who underwent distal gastrectomy for a gastric ulcer with Billroth II reconstruction approximately 40 years previously, exhibited a gastritis cystica polyposa at the anastomotic site. Ulceration was observed on an annual endoscopic examination. Endoscopic ultrasonography revealed a submucosal hypoechoic mass with multiple cystic lesions...
January 5, 2018: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302375/laparoscopic-reinforcement-suture-lars-on-staple-line-of-duodenal-stump-using-barbed-suture-in-laparoscopic-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-a-prospective-single-arm-phase-ii-study
#5
Min Chan Kim, Sang Yun Kim, Kwan Woo Kim
Purpose: Laparoscopic gastrectomy is accepted as a standard treatment for patients with early gastric cancer in Korea, Japan, and China. However, duodenal stump leakage remains a fatal complication after gastrectomy. We conducted a prospective phase II study to evaluate the safety of the new technique of laparoscopic reinforcement suture (LARS) on the duodenal stump. Materials and Methods: The estimated number of patients required for this study was 100 for a period of 18 months...
December 2017: Journal of Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302369/long-term-follow-up-for-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-after-gastrectomy-in-non-morbidly-obese-patients-with-gastric-cancer-the-legitimacy-of-onco-metabolic-surgery
#6
Tae-Hoon Lee, Chang Min Lee, Sungsoo Park, Do Hyun Jung, You Jin Jang, Jong-Han Kim, Seong-Heum Park, Young-Jae Mok
Purpose: This study primarily aimed to investigate the short- and long-term remission rates of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in patients who underwent surgical treatment for gastric cancer, especially patients who were non-obese, and secondarily to determine the potential factors associated with remission. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of patients with T2D who underwent radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer, from January 2008 to December 2012...
December 2017: Journal of Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234894/amputation-neuroma-mimicking-lymph-node-metastasis-of-remnant-gastric-cancer-a-case-report
#7
Kenichiro Furukawa, Yutaka Tanizawa, Kimihide Kusafuka, Noriyuki Nishiwaki, Keiichi Fujiya, Hayato Omori, Sanae Kaji, Makoto Hikage, Rie Makuuchi, Tomoyuki Irino, Masanori Tokunaga, Etsuro Bando, Taiichi Kawamura, Masanori Terashima
BACKGROUND: Amputation neuromas (ANs) are reactive hyperplasia of nerve tissues that occur after a trauma or surgery involving the peripheral nerves. Only two previous reports of ANs occurring around the stomach and post gastrectomy have been reported. We report the case of a patient with AN near the remnant stomach who underwent distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer. CASE PRESENTATION: A 76-year-old man underwent distal gastrectomy, D1+ lymphadenectomy, and Billroth-I reconstruction for early gastric cancer in another hospital at 63 years of age...
December 12, 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216250/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-roux-en-y-gastrojejunostomy-vs-gastroduodenostomy-with-respect-to-the-improvement-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-after-distal-gastrectomy-in-gastric-cancer-patients
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Yoon Young Choi, Sung Hoon Noh, Ji Yeong An
The purpose of this study is to compare the effect of diabetes control induced by Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy(RY) vs Billroth-I reconstruction(BI) after distal gastrectomy in patients with early gastric cancer(EGC) and type 2 diabetes(T2DM). Forty EGC patients with T2DM, aged 20-80 years, who were expected to undergo curative distal gastrectomy were randomized 1:1 to RY(n = 20) or BI(n = 20). Diabetes medication status, biochemical and hormonal data including blood glucose, HbA1c, insulin, C-peptide, HOMA-IR, ghrelin, leptin, GLP-1, PYY, and GIP were evaluated for 12 months after surgery...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187236/obstruction-in-the-third-portion-of-the-duodenum-due-to-a-diospyrobezoar-a-case-report
#9
Yukinori Yamagata, Kazuyuki Saito, Kosuke Hirano, Yawara Kubota, Ryuji Yoshioka, Takashi Okuyama, Emiko Takeshita, Nobumi Tagaya, Shinichi Sameshima, Tamaki Noie, Masatoshi Oya
BACKGROUND: Duodenal obstruction occurs mainly due to physical lesions such as duodenal ulcers or tumors. Obstruction due to bezoars is rare. We describe an extremely rare case of obstruction in the third portion of the duodenum caused by a diospyrobezoar 15 months after laparoscopic distal gastrectomy for early gastric cancer. CASE PRESENTATION: A 73-year-old man who underwent laparoscopic distal gastrectomy for early gastric cancer 15 months before admission experienced abdominal distension and occasional vomiting...
November 29, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167831/laparoscopic-distal-gastrectomy-with-d2-lymphadenectomy-followed-by-intracorporeal-gastroduodenostomy-for-advanced-gastric-cancer-technical-guide-and-tips
#10
REVIEW
Sang-Woong Lee, Masaru Kawai, Keitaro Tashiro, George Bouras, Satoshi Kawashima, Ryo Tanaka, Eiji Nomura, Kazuhisa Uchiyama
In 1994, Kitano and colleagues first reported laparoscopy-assisted Billroth I gastrectomy. Since then, laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG) has been associated with earlier patient recovery compared with open surgery, and has gained increasing international acceptance. Japan Society of Endoscopic Surgery biennial surveys confirm the increasing use of laparoscopic procedures for treatment of gastric cancer in Japan. Its thirteenth national survey indicates that of 31,264 patients treated at Japanese institutions in 2015, approximately 9,500 (30...
2017: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167219/ingestion-of-nine-metallic-nails-with-corrosive-what-happened-next
#11
Manu Vats, Sadhasivam Ramasamy, Sushanto Neogi, Sanjeev Kumar Tudu
A 20-year-old woman was brought to the surgery emergency department with the complaint of epigastric pain since 1 day following ingestion of multiple metallic nails with a cup full of toilet cleaner (corrosive acid) with a suicidal intention. Physical examination was essentially unremarkable, and the abdomen showed no signs of perforation peritonitis. X-rays of the abdomen showed multiple 'nail'-like radiopaque shadows in the abdominal cavity with no evidence of free gas under the domes of the diaphragm. A non-operative expectant management was pursued...
November 21, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155082/association-of-gastric-intestinal-metaplasia-and-east-asian-ethnicity-with-the-risk-of-gastric-adenocarcinoma-in-a-u-s-population
#12
Alyssa Y Choi, Lisa L Strate, Matthew C Fix, Rodney A Schmidt, Alexander R Ende, Matthew M Yeh, John M Inadomi, Joo Ha Hwang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although the incidence of gastric cancer is higher than esophageal cancer in the United States, no screening or surveillance guidelines exist. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between gastric intestinal metaplasia and the risk of gastric cancer in a U.S. tertiary care system with a large immigrant population. METHODS: This is a retrospective case-control study with cases of biopsy-proven gastric cancer matched (by age and gender) to controls without gastric cancer who had undergone EGD...
November 16, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123844/primary-aortoduodenal-fistula-with-a-history-of-distal-gastrectomy
#13
Kentaro Inoue, Ryota Fukunaga, Yutaka Matsubara, Yukihiko Aoyagi, Daisuke Matsuda, Ryoichi Kyuragi, Koichi Morisaki, Takuya Matsumoto, Eiji Oki, Yoshihiko Maehara
Case: A 69-year-old man was transferred to our hospital because of an aortoduodenal fistula with hematemesis and pre-shock vital signs. He had a history of alcoholism, malnutrition, and distal gastrectomy and Billroth I reconstruction. Endovascular aneurysm repair was successfully carried out; however, the presence of comorbidities affected further radical treatment. Outcome: The patient survived for 2 months postoperatively. Conclusion: Endovascular aneurysm repair is a useful first-line treatment for high-risk aortoduodenal fistula patients; however, it requires improvement for long-term outcomes in complicated high-risk cases...
January 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076479/-laparoscopic-and-robot-assisted-surgery-for-locally-advanced-and-generalized-stomach-cancer
#14
A F Chernousov, T V Khorobrykh, F P Vetshev, N M Abdulkhakimov, S V Osminin, A V Dulova
AIM: To analyze the first experience of laparoscopic and robot-assisted surgery for locally advanced and generalized stomach cancer at the Burdenko Clinic of Faculty Surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Since 2011 27 laparoscopic and 2 robot-assisted operations for locally advanced and generalized stomach cancer have been performed in our hospital. Mean age of patients was 62.1±10 years. There were 19 men and 10 women. RESULTS: There were 11 gastrectomies with abdominal esophageal resection and 18 Billroth I subtotal resections...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073549/gastric-outlet-obstruction-by-a-lost-gallstone-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
Jennifer Koichopolos, Moska Hamidi, Matthew Cecchini, Kenneth Leslie
INTRODUCTION: Spilled gallstones from a laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be a source of significant morbidity, most commonly causing abscesses and fistulae. Preventative measures for loss, careful removal during the initial surgery, and good documentation of any concern for remaining intraperitoneal stones needs to be performed with the initial surgery. CASE REPORT: An 80-year-old male with a history of complicated biliary disease resulting in a cholecystectomy presented to general surgery clinic with increasing symptoms of gastric outlet obstruction...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067944/stomach-resection-with-intraoperative-fluoroscopy-in-laparoscopic-distal-gastrectomy-for-early-gastric-cancer
#16
Jun Kawachi, Hiroyuki Kashiwagi, Hidemitsu Ogino, Naoko Isogai, Rai Shimoyama, Ryuta Fukai, Katsunori Miyake, Akiko Sasaki, Takahiro Terashima, Shinichi Teshima, Kazunao Watanabe
BACKGROUND: In Japan, laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (LDG) is common for early gastric cancer. Formerly, we used to verify the location of the marking clip to decide the proximal incisional line with our hand, through a small epigastric incision. In 2015, we introduced intracorporeal reconstruction and started to decide the incisional line using intraoperative fluoroscopy. Herein, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intraoperative fluoroscopy in LDG. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 19 patients were included in this retrospective observational study...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063233/austrian-consensus-guidelines-on-the-management-and-treatment-of-portal-hypertension-billroth%C3%A2-iii
#17
Thomas Reiberger, Andreas Püspök, Maria Schoder, Franziska Baumann-Durchschein, Theresa Bucsics, Christian Datz, Werner Dolak, Arnulf Ferlitsch, Armin Finkenstedt, Ivo Graziadei, Stephanie Hametner, Franz Karnel, Elisabeth Krones, Andreas Maieron, Mattias Mandorfer, Markus Peck-Radosavljevic, Florian Rainer, Philipp Schwabl, Vanessa Stadlbauer, Rudolf Stauber, Herbert Tilg, Michael Trauner, Heinz Zoller, Rainer Schöfl, Peter Fickert
The Billroth III guidelines were developed during a consensus meeting of the Austrian Society of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (ÖGGH) and the Austrian Society of Interventional Radiology (ÖGIR) held on 18 February 2017 in Vienna. Based on international guidelines and considering recent landmark studies, the Billroth III recommendations aim to help physicians in guiding diagnostic and therapeutic strategies in patients with portal hypertension.
November 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982875/reconstruction-after-distal-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-billroth-2-or-roux-en-y-procedure
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Edoardo Virgilio, Genoveffa Balducci, Paolo Mercantini, Mario Ferri, Tommaso Bocchetti, Salvatore Caterino, Pier Federico Salvi, Vincenzo Ziparo, Marco Cavallini
BACKGROUND/AIM: Distal gastrectomy (DG) represents the only curative treatment for most mid-lower gastric cancers (GCs). As of 2017, however, no reconstructive modality to conduct after DG has gained unanimous consensus. Additionally, most authors have investigated Billroth 1 and Roux-en-Y (RY) rather than Billroth 2 (B2) reconstruction. We analyzed B2 and RY gastrojejunostomy to identify the preferable technique and augment the available information on B2 restoration. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively selected 132 GC patients who were consecutively submitted to DG at our institution between April 2005 and February 2016...
October 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974902/randomized-controlled-trial-of-uncut-roux-en-y-vs-billroth-ii-reconstruction-after-distal-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-which-technique-is-better-for-avoiding-biliary-reflux-and-gastritis
#19
Dong Yang, Liang He, Wei-Hua Tong, Zhi-Fang Jia, Tong-Rong Su, Quan Wang
AIM: To identify which technique is better for avoiding biliary reflux and gastritis between uncut Roux-en-Y and Billroth II reconstruction. METHODS: A total of 158 patients who underwent laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer at the First Hospital of Jilin University (Changchun, China) between February 2015 and February 2016 were randomized into two groups: uncut Roux-en-Y (group U) and Billroth II group (group B). Postoperative complications and relevant clinical data were compared between the two groups...
September 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974362/biliary-intervention-using-spyglass-ds-cholangioscopy-through-a-cap-attached-variable-stiffness-colonoscope-in-a-patient-following-billroth-ii-gastrectomy
#20
Tesshin Ban, Hiroshi Kawakami, Yoshimasa Kubota
The SpyGlass DS system is currently used as a direct video cholangioscope for biliary diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. In general, the SpyGlass DS cholangioscope is passed through the working channel of a duodenoscope and inserted into a bile duct via duodenal papilla. However, the procedure has been challenging in patients with altered gastrointestinal anatomy due to the retrograde route through a potentially tortuous afferent limb. A therapeutic colonoscope with variable stiffness can offer alternative guidance for SpyGlass DS cholangioscope in patients with surgically altered gastrointestinal anatomy...
September 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
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